This PDF is the current document as it appeared on Public Inspection on 08/19/2015 at 08:45 am.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, DHS.
This document announces that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) plans to conduct the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test, a National Customs Automation Program Start Printed Page 50645(NCAP) test concerning ACE export manifest capability. The ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test is a voluntary test in which participants agree to submit export manifest data to CBP electronically, at least 24 hours prior to loading of the cargo onto the vessel in preparation for departure from the United States. In most cases, CBP regulations require carriers to submit a paper manifest for export vessel shipments within 4 days after departure or for approved carriers to submit the outbound vessel manifest information electronically within 10 days after departure. This notice provides a description of the test, sets forth eligibility requirements for participation, and invites public comment on any aspect of the test.
The test will begin no earlier than September 21, 2015 and will run for approximately two years. CBP is accepting applications for participation in this planned test until CBP has received applications from nine parties that meet all test participant requirements. Comments concerning this notice and all aspects of the announced test may be submitted at any time during the test period.
Applications to participate in the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test must be submitted via email to CBP Export Manifest at firstname.lastname@example.org. In the subject line of the email, please use “ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test Application”. Written comments concerning program, policy, and technical issues may also be submitted via email to CBP Export Manifest at email@example.com. In the subject line of the email, please use “Comment on ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test”.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Vincent C. Huang, Cargo and Conveyance Security, Office of Field Operations, U.S. Customs & Border Protection, via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The National Customs Automation Program
The National Customs Automation Program (NCAP) was established in Subtitle B of Title VI—Customs Modernization, in the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Pub. L. 103-182, 107 Stat. 2057, Dec. 8, 1993) (Customs Modernization Act) (19 U.S.C. 1411-14). Through NCAP, the initial thrust of customs modernization was on trade compliance and the development of the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE), the planned successor to the Automated Commercial System (ACS). ACE is an automated and electronic system for commercial trade processing which is intended to streamline business processes, facilitate growth in trade, ensure cargo security, and foster participation in global commerce, while ensuring compliance with U.S. laws and regulations and reducing costs for CBP and all of its communities of interest. The ability to meet these objectives depends on successfully modernizing CBP's business functions and the information technology that supports those functions. CBP's modernization efforts are accomplished through phased releases of ACE component functionality designed to replace a specific legacy ACS or paper function. Each release begins with a test and ends with mandatory use of the new ACE feature, thus retiring the legacy ACS or paper function. Each release builds on previous releases and sets the foundation for subsequent releases.
Authorization for the Test
The Customs Modernization Act provides the Commissioner of CBP with the authority to conduct limited test programs or procedures designed to evaluate planned components of the NCAP. The test described in this notice is authorized pursuant to the Customs Modernization Act and section 101.9(b) of title 19 of the Code of Federal Regulations (19 CFR 101.9(b)) which provides for the testing of NCAP programs or procedures. As provided in 19 CFR 101.9(b), for purposes of conducting an NCAP test, the Commissioner of CBP may impose requirements different from those specified in the CBP regulations.
International Trade Data System (ITDS)
This test is also in furtherance of the International Trade Data System (ITDS) key initiatives, set forth in section 405 of the Security and Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006 (Pub. L. 109-347, 120 Stat. 1884, Oct. 13, 2006) (SAFE Port Act) (19 U.S.C. 1411(d)) and Executive Order 13659 of February 19, 2014, Streamlining the Export/Import Process for America's Businesses. The purpose of ITDS, as stated in section 405 of the SAFE Port Act, is to eliminate redundant information requirements, efficiently regulate the flow of commerce, and effectively enforce laws and regulations relating to international trade, by establishing a single portal system, operated by CBP, for the collection and distribution of standard electronic import and export data required by all participating Federal agencies. CBP is developing ACE as the “single window” for the trade community to comply with the ITDS requirement established by the SAFE Port Act.
Executive Order 13659 requires that by December 2016, ACE, as the ITDS single window, have the operational capabilities to serve as the primary means of receiving from users the standard set of data and other relevant documentation (exclusive of applications for permits, licenses, or certifications) required for the release of imported cargo and clearance of cargo for export, and to transition from paper-based requirements and procedures to faster and more cost-effective electronic submissions to, and communications with, U.S. government agencies.
Current Vessel Cargo Export Information Requirements
Under the CBP regulations (title 19 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)), certain information must be submitted to CBP for vessels with export cargo leaving the United States for any foreign area, whether directly or by way of other domestic ports. Section 4.61 (19 CFR 4.61) requires the vessel master or other proper officer to execute a Vessel Entrance or Clearance Statement on CBP Form 1300 filed with CBP pertaining to the outbound vessel. Section 4.63 (19 CFR 4.63) requires the vessel master, or the vessel's agent on behalf of the master, to file a vessel cargo manifest on paper CBP Form 1302-A, Cargo Declaration Outward With Commercial Forms, with copies of bills of lading or equivalent commercial documents relating to all cargo encompassed by the manifest attached in such manner as to constitute one document, with CBP at each port from which clearance is being sought. Section 4.75 (19 CFR 4.75), requires the vessel master, or the vessel's agent on behalf of the master, to file the complete vessel cargo manifest generally within 4 business days after Start Printed Page 50646clearance from each port in the vessel's itinerary. Section 4.76 (19 CFR 4.76) sets forth procedures and responsibilities of carriers filing outbound vessel manifest information via the Automated Export System (AES) in lieu of paper CBP Form 1302-A. Carriers that are approved to submit outbound vessel manifest information electronically in AES under 19 CFR 4.76 must, with limited exceptions, submit the complete manifest data within 10 calendar days after departure. Finally, section 192.14 (19 CFR 192.14) requires the U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) to file any required Electronic Export Information (EEI) for the cargo on the vessel. More details regarding the manifest requirements, the subject of this test, are provided in the next section.
Current Vessel Cargo Manifest Requirements
As indicated in the previous section, the vessel commander or agent must file copies of the vessel cargo manifest on CBP Form 1302-A. CBP Form 1302-A consists of the following data elements:
(1) Name of Ship
(2) Port where report is made (not required by United States)
(3) Nationality of ship
(4) Name of master
(5) Port of loading
(6) Port of discharge
(7) Bill of Lading number
(8) Marks and Numbers, Container Numbers, Seal Numbers
(9) Number and kind of packages; Description of goods
(10) Gross Weight (lb. or kg.) or Measurements (per HTSUS)
(11) Internal Transaction Number (ITN) or AES Exemption Statement 
The vessel cargo manifest may be filed in complete form or incomplete form (pro forma). The complete manifest must be filed with CBP before the vessel will be cleared to depart to a foreign country listed in 19 CFR 4.75(c). Otherwise, for shipments to a foreign country, an incomplete manifest may be filed with CBP at the departure port when accompanied by the proper bond. As provided in 19 CFR 4.84(c)(2), for shipments from any State or the District of Columbia to Puerto Rico, a complete manifest or proper bond shall be filed with CBP within one business day of arrival in Puerto Rico. As provided in 19 CFR 4.84(c)(1), for shipments from any State or the District of Columbia to noncontiguous territories of the United States other than Puerto Rico, or from Puerto Rico to any State or the District of Columbia to any other noncontiguous territory, a complete manifest or proper bond must be filed with CBP before departure.
Under the terms of the bond, the complete manifest must be filed with CBP by the master, or the vessel's agent on behalf of the master, within the appropriate time period. For shipments to foreign countries, the complete manifest must be filed no later than 4 business days post-departure. For shipments from the United States to Puerto Rico, the complete manifest must be filed no later than 7 business days after arrival in Puerto Rico. For shipments between the United States or Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories, the complete manifest must be filed no later than 7 business days after departure.
As mentioned in the previous section, under 19 CFR 4.76, certain carriers are approved to submit outbound vessel manifest information electronically in AES in lieu of submitting a paper CBP Form 1302-A. In most cases, these carriers must submit the complete manifest data within 10 calendar days after departure of the vessel from each port. However, if the destination of the vessel is a foreign port listed in 19 CFR 4.75(c), the carrier must transmit complete manifest information before vessel departure. Also, the time requirements for electronic transmission of complete manifest information for carriers destined to Puerto Rico and U.S. possessions are the same as the requirements found in 19 CFR 4.84 and described above.
Trade Act and the Automated Export System (AES)
Section 343(a) of the Trade Act of 2002, as amended (Trade Act) (19 U.S.C. 2071 note), requires CBP to promulgate regulations providing for the mandatory transmission of electronic cargo information by way of a CBP-approved electronic data interchange (EDI) system before the cargo is brought into or departs the United States by any mode of commercial transportation (sea, air, rail, or truck). The required cargo information is that which is reasonably necessary to enable high-risk shipments to be identified for purposes of ensuring cargo safety and security and preventing smuggling pursuant to the laws enforced and administered by CBP. Section 192.14 of title 19 of the CFR (19 CFR 192.14) implements the requirements of the Trade Act with regard to cargo departing the United States.
While the vessel cargo manifest described in the previous section must be submitted by the vessel commander or agent, that is, by the vessel carrier, 19 CFR 192.14 specifies that any required EEI must be filed by the USPPI. The USPPI or its authorized agent must transmit any required EEI using a CBP-approved EDI system, and verify system acceptance of this EEI no later than 24 hours prior to departure from the U.S. port where the vessel cargo is to be laden. The vessel carrier may not load cargo without first receiving from the USPPI or its authorized agent either the related EEI filing citation, covering all cargo for which the EEI is required, or exemption legends, covering cargo for which EEI need not be filed. The outbound vessel carrier then must annotate the vessel cargo manifest, waybill, or other export documentation with the applicable AES proof of filing, post departure, downtime, exclusion or exemption citations, conforming to the approved data formats found in the Bureau of the Census Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) (15 CFR part 30).
Description of the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test
The ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test will test the functionality regarding the filing of export manifest data for vessel cargo electronically to ACE in furtherance of the ITDS initiatives described above. CBP has re-engineered AES to move it to an ACE system platform. The re-engineering and incorporation of AES into ACE will result in the creation of a single automated export processing platform for certain export manifest, commodity, licensing, export control, and export targeting transactions. This will reduce costs for CBP, partner government agencies, and the trade community and improve facilitation of export shipments through the supply chain.
The ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test will also test the feasibility of requiring the manifest information to be filed electronically in ACE within a specified time before the cargo is loaded on the vessel. (Under the current regulatory requirements, in most cases the complete manifest is not required to be submitted until after the departure of the vessel). As described in the Start Printed Page 50647paragraph below, in the test, participants will submit export manifest data electronically to ACE at least 24 hours prior to loading of the cargo on the vessel. This will enable CBP to link the EEI submitted by the USPPI with the export manifest information earlier in the process. This capability will better enable CBP to assess risk and effectively target and inspect shipments prior to the loading of cargo to ensure compliance with all U.S. export laws.
Participants in the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test agree to provide export manifest data to CBP electronically at least 24 hours prior to loading of the cargo onto the vessel in preparation for departure from the United States. If the vessel carrier files this ACE Export Manifest data, the filing is in lieu of the paper filing of CBP Form 1302-A and copies of bills of lading or equivalent commercial documents relating to all cargo encompassed by the manifest. If a freight forwarder or non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC) files the ACE Export Manifest data, the carrier is still required to file one of the following: the paper CBP Form 1302-A with copies of bills of lading or equivalent commercial documents relating to all cargo encompassed by the manifest attached in such manner as to constitute one document; the 19 CFR 4.76 electronic equivalent, if the vessel carrier is approved for this procedure; or the ACE Export Manifest data, if the vessel carrier is a test participant.
The ACE Export Manifest data submission will be used to target high-risk vessel cargo. The data should be available to test participants early in the planning stages of an export vessel cargo transaction. It is anticipated that data provided no later than 24 hours prior to loading will permit adequate time for proper risk assessment and identification of shipments to be inspected early enough in the supply chain to enhance security while minimizing disruption to the flow of goods.
Any vessel cargo identified as potentially high-risk will receive a hold until required additional information related to the shipment is submitted to clarify non-descriptive, inaccurate, or insufficient information, a physical inspection is performed, or some other appropriate action is taken, as specified by CBP. Once the cargo is cleared for loading, a release message will be generated and transmitted to the filer.
The ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test data elements are similar, but not identical to the data elements required on CBP Form 1302-A. The data elements are mandatory unless otherwise indicated. Data elements that are indicated as “conditional” must be transmitted to CBP only if the particular information pertains to the cargo. The ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo data elements are to be submitted at the lowest bill level. The data elements consist of:
(1) Mode of transportation (Vessel, containerized or Vessel, non-containerized)
(2) Name of ship or vessel
(3) Nationality of ship
(4) Name of master
(5) Port of loading
(6) Port of discharge
(7) Bill of Lading number (Master and House)
(8) Bill of Lading type (Master, House, Simple or Sub)
(9) Number of house Bills of Lading
(10) Marks and Numbers (conditional)
(11) Container Numbers (conditional)
(12) Seal Numbers (conditional)
(13) Number and kind of packages
(14) Description of goods
(15) Gross Weight (lb. or kg.) or Measurements (per HTSUS)
(16) Shipper name and address
(17) Consignee name and address
(18) Notify Party name and address (conditional)
(19) Country of Ultimate Destination
(20) In-bond number (conditional)
(21) Internal Transaction Number (ITN) or AES Exemption Statement (per shipment)
(22) Split Shipment Indicator (Yes/No)
(23) Portion of split shipment (e.g. 1 of 10, 4 of 10, 5 of 10—Final. etc.) (conditional)
(24) Hazmat Indicator (Yes/No)
(25) UN Number (conditional) (If the hazmat indicator is yes, the four-digit United Nations (UN) Number assigned to the hazardous material must be provided.)
(26) Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number (conditional)
(27) Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) or Product Identification Number (conditional) (For shipments of used vehicles, the VIN must be reported, or for used vehicles that do not have a VIN, the Product Identification Number must be reported.)
There are currently no additional data elements identified for other participating U.S. Government Agencies (PGAs) for the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test. However, CBP may enhance the test in the future with additional data or processing capabilities to assist with facilitation of vessel shipment movements and to be consistent with Executive Order 13659. Any such enhancement will be announced in the Federal Register.
CBP is limiting this test to nine stakeholders in the vessel cargo environment. Specifically, CBP is seeking participation from:
- At least three, but no more than six, vessel carriers; and
- At least three, but no more than six, freight forwarders or NVOCCs.
There are no restrictions with regard to organization size, location, or commodity type. However, participation is limited to those parties able to electronically transmit export manifest data in the identified acceptable format. Prospective ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test participants must have the technical capability to electronically submit data to CBP and receive response message sets via Cargo-IMP, AIR CAMIR, XML, or Unified XML, and must successfully complete certification testing with their client representative. (Unified XML may not be immediately available at the start of the test. However, parties wishing to utilize Unified XML may be accepted, pending its development and implementation). Once parties have applied to participate, they must complete a test phase to determine if the data transmission is in the required readable format. Applicants will be notified once they have successfully completed testing and are permitted to participate fully in the test. In selecting participants, CBP will take into consideration the order in which the applications are received.
Conditions of Participation
Test participants agree to submit export manifest data electronically to CBP via an approved EDI at least 24 hours prior to the loading of the cargo onto the vessel in preparation for departure from the United States. In addition, test participants agree to establish operational security protocols that correspond to CBP hold messages that mandate the participant to take responsive action and respond to CBP confirming that the requested action was taken to mitigate any threat identified, respond promptly with complete and accurate information when contacted by CBP with questions regarding the data submitted, and comply with any “Do Not Load” instructions.Start Printed Page 50648
Finally, test participants agree to participate in any teleconferences or meetings established by CBP, when necessary, to ensure any challenges, or operational or technical issues regarding the test are properly communicated and addressed.
Participation in the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test does not impose any legally binding obligations on either CBP or the participant, and CBP generally does not intend to enforce or levy punitive measures if test participants are non-compliant with these conditions of participation during the test.
Application Process and Acceptance
Those interested in participating in the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test should submit an email to CBP Export Manifest at email@example.com, stating their interest and their qualifications based on the above eligibility requirements. The email will serve as an electronic signature of intent to participate and must also include a point of contact name and telephone number. Applications will be accepted until CBP has received applications from nine parties that meet all test participant requirements. CBP will notify applicants whether they have been selected to participate in the test. Applicants will also be notified once they have successfully completed certification testing and are permitted to participate fully in the test. Test participants will receive technical, operational, and policy guidance through all stages of test participation, from planning to implementation, on the necessary steps for the transmission of electronic export manifest data.
Costs to ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test Participants
ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test participants are responsible for all costs incurred as a result of their participation in the test and such costs will vary, depending on their pre-existing infrastructures. Costs may be offset by a significant reduction in expenses associated with copying, storing, and courier services for presenting the paper manifest to CBP.
Benefits to ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test Participants
While the benefits to ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test participants will vary, several advantages of joining may include:
- Reduction in costs associated with generating copies, transportation, and storage of paper manifest documentation;
- Increases in security by leveraging CBP threat model and other data to employ a risk-based approach to improve vessel cargo security and to ensure compliance with U.S. export laws, rules and regulations through targeted screening;
- Gains in efficiencies by automating the identification of high-risk cargo for enhanced screening and earlier identification of low-risk shipments;
- The ability to provide input into CBP efforts to establish, test, and refine the interface between government and industry communication systems for the implementation of the electronic export manifest; and
- Facilitation of corporate preparedness for future mandatory implementation of electronic export manifest submission requirements.
Waiver of Certain Regulatory Requirements
For purposes of this test, the requirement to file a paper CBP Form 1302-A, as provided in 19 CFR 4.63, 4.75, 4.82, and 4.87-89, will be waived for vessel carrier test participants that submit the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo data elements electronically as described above. For purposes of this test, the requirement to file copies of bills of lading or equivalent commercial documents relating to all cargo encompassed by the manifest attached in such manner as to constitute one document, as provided in 19 CFR 4.63(a)(1), will also be waived for vessel carrier test participants. If a freight forwarder or NVOCC submits the electronic ACE Export Manifest data, the vessel carrier is still required to file one of the following: The paper CBP Form 1302-A with copies of bills of lading or equivalent commercial documents relating to all cargo encompassed by the manifest attached in such manner as to constitute one document; the 19 CFR 4.76 electronic equivalent, if the carrier is approved for the electronic filing; or the electronic ACE Export Manifest data, if the vessel carrier is a test participant. The vessel carrier maintains responsibility for submitting the manifest data to CBP to cover all cargo on the vessel, even if the freight forwarder or NVOCC has also submitted manifest data.
Participation in the test does not alter the participant's obligations to comply with any other applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, including 19 CFR 4.63, 4.75, 4.82, and 4.87-89, and participants will still be subject to applicable penalties for non-compliance. In addition, submission of data under the test does not exempt the participant from any CBP or other U.S. Government agency program requirements or any statutory sanctions in the event that a violation of U.S. export laws or prohibited articles are discovered within a shipment/container presented for export destined from the United States on a vessel owned and/or operated by the participant.
Duration and Evaluation of the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test
The test will be activated on a case-by-case basis with each participant and may be limited to a single or small number of ports until any operational, training, or technical issues on either the trade or government side are established and/or resolved. The test will run for approximately two years from September 21, 2015. While the test is ongoing, CBP will evaluate the results and determine whether the test will be extended, expanded to include additional participants, or otherwise modified. CBP will announce any such modifications by notice in the Federal Register. When sufficient test analysis and evaluation has been conducted, CBP intends to begin rulemaking to require the submission of electronic export manifest data before the cargo is loaded onto the vessel for all international shipments destined from the United States. The results of the test will help determine the relevant data elements, the time frame within which data should be submitted to permit CBP to effectively target, identify, and mitigate any risk with the least impact practicable on trade operations, and any other related procedures and policies.
All data submitted and entered into ACE is subject to the Trade Secrets Act (18 U.S.C. 1905) and is considered confidential, except to the extent as otherwise provided by law. However, participation in this or any ACE test is not confidential and upon a written Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, the name(s) of an approved participant(s) will be disclosed by CBP in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552.
Misconduct Under the Test
If a test participant fails to abide by the rules, procedures, or terms and conditions of this and all other applicable Federal Register Notices, fails to exercise reasonable care in the execution of participant obligations, or otherwise fails to comply with all applicable laws and regulations, then the participant may be suspended from participation in this test and/or subjected to penalties, liquidated damages, and/or other administrative or judicial sanction. Additionally, CBP has Start Printed Page 50649the right to suspend a test participant based on a determination that an unacceptable compliance risk exists.
If CBP determines that a suspension is warranted, CBP will notify the participant of this decision, the facts or conduct warranting suspension, and the date when the suspension will be effective. In the case of willful misconduct, or where public health interests or safety are concerned, the suspension may be effective immediately. This decision may be appealed in writing to the Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations, within 15 days of notification. The appeal should address the facts or conduct charges contained in the notice and state how the participant has or will achieve compliance. CBP will notify the participant within 30 days of receipt of an appeal whether the appeal is granted. If the participant has already been suspended, CBP will notify the participant when their participation in the test will be reinstated.
Paperwork Reduction Act
As noted above, CBP will be accepting no more than nine participants in the ACE Export Manifest for Vessel Cargo Test. This means that fewer than ten persons will be subject to any information collections under this test. Accordingly, collections of information within this notice are exempted from the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3502 and 3507).Start Signature
Dated: August 17, 2015.
Todd C. Owen,
Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations.
1. In addition to the filing of a vessel clearance statement and a vessel cargo declaration with manifest information and commercial documents, section 4.63 requires the filing of export declarations. The term “export declarations” refers to the Shipper's Export Declarations, the Department of Commerce paper forms used by the Bureau of the Census under the Foreign Trade Statistics Regulations to collect information from an entity exporting from the United States. These forms were used for compiling the official U.S. export statistics for the United States and for export control purposes. The Shipper's Export Declarations became obsolete on October 1, 2008, with the implementation of the Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR) and have been superseded by the Electronic Export Information (EEI) filed in the Automated Export System (AES) or through the AESDirect. See 15 CFR 30.1. See also 19 CFR 192.14, regarding required EEI.Back to Citation
2. The USPPI is defined in the FTR as the person or legal entity in the United States that receives the primary benefit, monetary or otherwise, from the export transaction. Generally, that person or entity is the U.S. seller, manufacturer, or order party, or the foreign entity while in the United States when purchasing or obtaining the goods for export. 15 CFR 30.1.Back to Citation
3. Though not a data element on CBP Form 1302-A itself, the carrier must include the ITN or AES Exemption Statement on the outward manifest pursuant to 19 CFR 192.14(c)(3). See also 19 CFR 4.63(b) requiring the number of the export declaration or exemption (replaced by the ITN or AES Exemption Statement as detailed in Note 1 above).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 2015-20614 Filed 8-19-15; 8:45 am]
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