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Joint Industry Plan; Notice of Filing of the Tenth Amendment to the National Market System Plan To Address Extraordinary Market Volatility by BATS Exchange, Inc., BATSY-Exchange, Inc., Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., EDGA Exchange, Inc., EDGX Exchange, Inc., Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc., NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC, The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, National Stock Exchange, Inc., New York Stock Exchange LLC, NYSE MKT LLC, and NYSE Arca, Inc.

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Start Preamble February 22, 2016.

I. Introduction

On February 19, 2016, Nasdaq, Inc., on behalf of the following parties to the National Market System Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility (the Start Printed Page 10316“Plan”): [1] BATS Exchange, Inc., BATS Y-Exchange, Inc., Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., EDGA Exchange, Inc., EDGX Exchange, Inc., Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc., NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC, the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, National Stock Exchange, Inc., the New York Stock Exchange LLC, NYSE MKT LLC, and NYSE Arca, Inc. (collectively with the FINRA, the “Participants”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) pursuant to Section 11A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”) [2] and Rule 608 thereunder,[3] a proposal to amend the Plan (“Tenth Amendment”).[4] The proposal reflects changes unanimously approved by the Participants. The Tenth Amendment proposes to extend the pilot for one year and to make one modification to the Plan, as discussed below. A copy of the Plan, as proposed to be amended is attached as Exhibit A hereto. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments from interested persons on the Tenth Amendment.[5]

II. Description of the Plan

Set forth in this Section II is the statement of the purpose and summary of the Amendment, along with the information required by Rule 608(a)(4) and (5) under the Exchange Act,[6] prepared and submitted by the Participants to the Commission.[7]

A. Statement of Purpose and Summary of the Plan Amendment

The Participants filed the Plan on April 5, 2011, to create a market-wide Limit Up-Limit Down (“LULD”) mechanism intended to address extraordinary market volatility in NMS Stocks, as defined in Rule 600(b)(47) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act. The Plan sets forth procedures that provide for market-wide LULD requirements that prevent trades in individual NMS Stocks from occurring outside of the specified Price Bands.[8] The LULD requirements are coupled with Trading Pauses, as defined in Section I(Y) of the Plan, to accommodate more fundamental price moves. In particular, the Participants adopted this Plan to address the type of sudden price movements that the market experienced on the afternoon of May 6, 2010.

As set forth in more detail in the Plan, all Trading Centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to comply with the requirements specified in the Plan. More specifically, the single plan processor responsible for consolidation of information for an NMS Stock pursuant to Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act will be responsible for calculating and disseminating a Lower Price Band and Upper Price Band, as provided for in Section V of the Plan. Section VI of the Plan sets forth the LULD requirements of the Plan, and in particular, that all Trading Centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent trades at prices that are below the Lower Price Band or above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, consistent with the Plan.

The Plan was initially approved for a one-year pilot period, which began on April 8, 2013.[9] Accordingly, the pilot period was scheduled to end on April 8, 2014. As initially contemplated, the Plan would have been fully implemented across all NMS Stocks within six months of initial Plan operations, which meant there would have been full implementation of the Plan for six months before the end of the pilot period. However, pursuant to the Fourth Amendment to the Plan,[10] the Participants modified the implementation schedule of Phase II of the Plan to extend the time period as to when the Plan would fully apply to all NMS Stocks. Accordingly, the Plan was not implemented across all NMS Stocks until December 8, 2013. Pursuant to the Sixth Amendment to the Plan,[11] which further modified the implementation schedule of Phase II of the Plan, the date for full implementation of the Plan was moved to February 24, 2014.

In addition, pursuant to the Seventh Amendment to the Plan,[12] the pilot period was extended from April 8, 2014 to February 20, 2015, and submission of the assessment of the Plan operations was accordingly extended to September 30, 2014. Without such extension, the Plan would have been in effect for the full trading day for less than two months before the end of the pilot period. The Participants believed that this short period of full implementation of the Plan would have provided insufficient time for both the Participants and the Commission to assess the impact of the Plan and determine whether the Plan should be modified prior to approval on a permanent basis.

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The Commission set forth in its Approval Order a number of criteria for use in assessing the impact of the Plan and calibration of the Percentage Parameters. The Supplemental Joint Assessment prepared by Professor James J. Angel (“Angel Report”) [13] and the various studies by the Participants were designed to address each of these criteria and provide data-driven support for any proposed recommendations. On September 29, 2014, the Participants submitted a Participant Impact Assessment,[14] which provided the Commission with the Participants' initial observations in each area required to be addressed under Appendix B to the Plan. On May 28, 2015, the Participants submitted a Supplemental Joint Assessment, in which the Participants recommended that the Plan be adopted as permanent, with certain modifications, and discussed the areas of analysis set forth in Appendix B to the Plan.[15] On August 14, 2015, Commission staff communicated that the Participants must, among other things, provide additional analysis required pursuant to Appendix B.III.H of the Plan and consider alternative approaches to proposed changes.[16]

(1) Executive Summary

The Participants propose to amend the Plan to extend the pilot period of the Plan to April 21, 2017 with one modification to improve the operation of the Plan. Specifically, the Participants propose to modify the definition of Opening Price in cases where a security does not trade in the opening auction on the Primary Listing Exchange, which changes the manner in which the Reference Price of the day is determined.

Currently under the Plan, if a security opens on the Primary Listing Exchange with a quotation because no trade is executed in the opening auction, the first Reference Price for such security would be the bid and ask mid-point of such quotations on the Primary Listing Exchange (“BAM”). After reviewing the data obtained from multiple analyses, the Participants recommend revising the current methodology for determining the initial Reference Price to a methodology that uses the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no such closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange.

The Participants believe that this proposed modification to the manner in which the first Reference Price of the trading day is determined will improve the operation of the Plan's Trading Pause mechanism, so that Trading Pauses remain meaningful events that are indicative of potential volatility in the paused security.

Below the Participants also present additional analyses regarding whether Trading Pauses are too long or short and whether the reopening procedures should be adjusted. The Participants are not recommending any changes to the length of Trading Pauses or to the reopening procedures at this time, as further discussed below.

Last, the Participants are proposing to reorder three defined terms under Section I, which are currently not in alphabetical order. Specifically, the term “Reference Price” currently follows the defined terms “Regular Trading Hours” and “Regulatory Halt.” In keeping with the convention of the definitions section, the Participants are placing these terms in alphabetically order.

(2) Supplementary Analysis on the Length of Trading Pauses and Reopening Procedures

As discussed above, as required by the Plan, the Participants submitted a Participant Impact Assessment and a subsequent Supplemental Joint Assessment, in which the Participants discussed the areas of analysis set forth in Appendix B.III of the Plan. The Commission staff requested that the Participants present additional analysis on the operation of the Plan, particularly regarding Item H of Section III of Appendix B, which required that the Participants assess whether the Trading Pauses are too long or short and whether the reopening procedures should be adjusted.[17]

To this end, the Primary Listing Exchanges undertook a study to assess the current Plan Parameters around Trading Pauses and reopenings as well as the potential for repeat pauses. The statistical evidence suggests that the current Plan parameters around reopenings are sufficient to promote liquidity in securities following a Trading Pause under the Plan. Although most Trading Pauses end within five minutes, the Plan permits the Primary Listing Exchange to extend the Trading Pause to 10 minutes. Following the ten minute period, market participants may resume trading, even if the Primary Listing Exchange has not reopened the security and has published a non-regulatory order imbalance halt.

(a) Nasdaq-Listed Securities

The operation of LULD during reopenings reflects the same strengths and weaknesses as trading at other times of day for subject securities. Thus, active stocks that have temporary market disruptions reopen with active participation and effective price discovery as they do at the start of the trading day (and during continuous trading). Likewise, stocks experiencing extreme price uncertainty often have price variation before and after a Trading Pause and sometimes pause repeatedly. Inactive stocks that pause often lack investor trading interest, leading to insufficient participation in reopening crosses.

The majority of securities that experience Trading Pauses currently reopen without any trades occurring in the reopening cross (3,916 out of 4,726 cases in Nasdaq-listed securities from January through August 2015, or 83% (see Table 1)). Such securities typically have very low volume and relatively wide spreads, and, therefore, the BAM Reference Price is away from the last sale price. Frequently, these securities also lack an opening cross on the day on which the pause occurs.

Trading volume in these securities following a Trading Pause typically is very low, with a mean of 264 shares and a median of zero shares over the five minute-period following the pause. In about a third of cases (36%), these securities pause again within the next five minutes because they continue to have little trading interest and Reference Prices that are not indicative of the current market for the security. Price volatility for these securities is low because they infrequently trade.

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Securities that have small reopening crosses (i.e., cross sizes up to 1,000 shares in Table 1) are less likely to pause again (less than 5% of the time during the first five minutes following a Trading Pause) than securities that reopen without a trade. These securities also have relatively stable prices despite their low volumes.

The behavior of stocks that have larger reopening crosses (i.e., above 1,000 shares and especially above 10,000 shares) suggests news driven volatility. In particular, securities with a trade size of more than 1,000 shares in the reopening cross were much more likely to halt again in the next five minutes than securities with trade sizes of 1,000 shares or less in the reopening cross. These securities are more likely to trade actively and experience greater price variation in the subsequent five minutes and, therefore, are more likely to pause again within the next five minutes, reflecting continued price uncertainty. However, reopening crosses with more than 1,000 shares are less common, making up about 6% of pauses.

i. Market Conditions

Participants also considered whether market conditions stabilized after Trading Pauses. Nasdaq compared spreads before and after each Pause (see Table 2). For example, Tier 1 Nasdaq-listed securities that have a reopening cross, relative quoted spreads averaged less than 1% at the time of the Pause (63 basis points), widened after the pause, but returned to 10-20 basis points 15 minutes later (10-20 basis points is $0.01-$0.02 on a $10 stock). Tier 1 securities that do not have an auction and Tier 2 stocks follow a similar pattern, but with wider average spreads. The results are consistent with the impact and recovery from a news event or temporary lack of liquidity.

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Nasdaq also looked at how prices converge toward the national best bid-ask (“NBBO”) midpoint 15 minutes after a reopening (Table 3). For example, Tier 1 stocks that have a reopening cross (not including August 24th) approached the benchmark relatively smoothly. The reopening cross averaged within 4% of the benchmark and the NBBO midpoint a minute after reopening was within 2% of the benchmark.

Tier 1 stocks that did not have a reopening cross and Tier 2 stocks approach the benchmark more erratically. As a sign of the sustained lack of liquidity in many of these situations, the BAM often remains far from where it will be 15 minutes after the reopen. The reopening cross price, when it occurs, is on average much closer to the benchmark than the BAM even a minute after the reopen.

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ii. Repeat Pauses

The frequency of repeated Trading Pauses in a single stock is an area of concern. From January to August 2015, 1,532 securities representing 33% of Nasdaq-listed stocks paused within five minutes of a previous pause (Table 3). Most of the pauses were in Tier 2 stocks that had little or no trading, and the Trading Pauses frequently were caused by Reference Prices that were not indicative of the current market.

There were about 100 cases that occurred in more active Nasdaq-listed stocks. One interpretation of repeat Trading Pauses in actively-traded stocks is that it reflects continued uncertainty and price volatility that cannot be avoided. Another interpretation is that the current LULD Trading Pause process can be improved.

A possible course to address these types of occurrences would be to extend the time the Primary Listing Exchange has to complete the reopening auction beyond 10 minutes and to examine whether price volatility declines. The hope would be that, with additional time, market participants would arrive at a price level that would remain stable after the reopen.

However, the data indicates that extending the duration of a Trading Pause would be unlikely to result in additional liquidity or the elimination of price instability and repeat pauses. First, 15 out of 55 Trading Pauses in Tier 1 Nasdaq-listed stocks occurred within five minutes of the opening cross, which is a very active price discovery process lasting longer than five minutes. If the opening cross of the day often cannot address all concerns regarding price volatility, the Participants believe it is unlikely that extending pause durations would significantly reduce volatility.

Second, Nasdaq currently extends the duration of Trading Pauses in its stocks under certain conditions (see Table 4). This occurred in 58 cases between January and August 2015. The mean and median lengths of these delays were four and one minute, respectively. During the delays, the mean and median net numbers of orders entered (new orders less cancels) were 16 and three. The mean and median net new shares were 12,310 and 2,010. Despite the delay, in 24 of these cases, there was another pause within five minutes of the delayed reopen.

Another course to address repeat Trading Pauses is to widen the Price Bands temporarily after reopening the stock. While this would reduce the number of repeat pauses, it works against the goal of containing volatility. A further alternative is to widen the Price Band on the recovery side, to allow the price to return to where it was before the previous pause without pausing again. The Participants find that these adjustments to Price Bands should be considered as part of future consideration of adjusting Price Bands to minimize volatility.

(b) NYSE-Listed Securities

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Table 5 above shows the record of Trading Pauses and reopenings on the NYSE during the first half of 2015 and on August 24, 2015. The data excludes pauses in the last 10 minutes of trading, where the only trade possible was the closing auction trade executed pursuant to established closing procedures.

Throughout the first half of 2015, there were 19 Trading Pauses in Tier 1 NYSE-listed securities and 51 in Tier 2 NYSE-listed securities. All of the pauses in Tier 1 securities resulted in a reopening auction, but only 1/3 of pauses in Tier 2 securities resulted in a reopening auction

On August 24, 2015, 28 of the 29 pauses in Tier 1 NYSE-listed securities reopened with an auction. This included NYSE opening auctions that followed a Trading Pause at 9:35 a.m.[18] which NYSE categorizes as a regular open, but is a reopening from a Plan perspective. Some of these opens occurred following a subsequent order imbalance halt. An analysis of the pauses in Tier 1 securities would be unhelpful because it is not possible to obtain statistical significance comparing the market quality of the 28 securities that executed a reopening auction to the one security that did not.

Tier 2 NYSE-listed securities that entered a Trading Pause during the first half of 2015 reopened with an auction 1/3 of the time. Many of the Tier 2 securities that were subjected to a pause were extremely illiquid (e.g., preferred and when-issued securities), with very wide spreads prior to the pause, indicative of data outliers. The data do show that spreads narrowed for Tier 2 securities within 15 minutes after reopening regardless of whether the security reopened with an auction.

In addition, the data for the first half of 2015 show that the median time to reopen Tier 2 securities after a pause were not appreciably different than the median time to reopen Tier 1 securities, all of which opened with an auction (Table 6). The Tier 2 securities that reopened without an auction following a pause were generally extremely illiquid. As shown in Table 6 below, the median number of days these symbols traded on the NYSE was 79 out of 124 trading days in the first half of 2015, and the median number of trades per day on the NYSE was only 7.4 trades with a median NYSE average daily volume of 2,281 shares. The Participants do not believe that extending the auction time for such illiquid securities would be likely to attract additional trading interest. Nevertheless, when there is a substantial order imbalance, waiting longer than five minutes may be useful, as would issuing an order imbalance halt after 10 minutes if deemed necessary.

Of the 49 pauses in Tier 2 securities on August 24, 2015, 31 securities reopened with an auction (some of which were categorized by NYSE as regular opening auctions). Three very high-priced Tier 2 securities partially skew the results, as well as several preferred stocks. If such securities are excluded, the median pre-pause spread in the remaining nine securities was $0.76, while the reopening, one-minute and 15-minute spreads were $0.80, $0.65 and $0.54, respectively. This data shows continued tightening following the reopening, and the Participants reiterate that extending the time to reopen would be unlikely to significantly alter the results.

NYSE Arca-Listed Securities

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During the first half of 2015, there were 27 pauses in NYSE Arca-listed Tier 1 ETPs. Table 7a, however, only includes data from 18 Tier 1 NYSE Arca-listed ETPs because the Participants excluded nine pauses that occurred on March 31, 2015 in the UTG to ZSML range, as NYSE Arca had quoting and reopening issues in those securities that day. These 18 Tier 1 ETPs have very low volume and are only categorized as Tier 1 securities because of a few high volume days.

With regard to the 1,498 Tier 2 NYSE Arca-listed ETPs that were paused during the first half of 2015, over 98% did not reopen with an auction. However, such Tier 2 ETPs that did not reopen with an auction saw spreads tighten more quickly than those Tier 2 ETPs that did reopen with an auction.

The inability of a security to reopen with an auction may be due to a lack of interest in these very illiquid securities. Table 7a shows that Tier 2 securities that had no auction exhibited tighter median spreads pre-pause, at reopen, post one-minute and post 15-minutes than those Tier 2 securities that did reopen with an auction.

Based on this data, there is little basis for a proposal to extend the pause time beyond the current maximum of 10 minutes. Finally, many of the pauses in Tier 2 ETPs occurred early in the trading session and may have been caused by skewed BAM Reference Prices, as illustrated in the discussion of the proposed amendment relating to the methodology for determining the first Reference Price of the trading day. Accordingly, certain of these pauses may have been avoided with the application of a different initial Reference Price methodology.

On August 24, 2015, trading volumes were much higher than normal, contributing to the ability to reopen substantially more paused securities using auctions. Early in the trading session, several NYSE Arca-listed ETPs paused multiple times in a short period, which may have led ETP liquidity providers to delay entering the market until after 10:00 a.m. The fact that only 150 of the 635 pauses in Tier 1 NYSE Arca-listed securities occurred after 10:00 a.m., and only 36 pauses occurred after 10:15 a.m., appears to reflect the withdrawal of such liquidity providers (see Table 7b).

On August 24, 2015, median spreads following reopening for NYSE Arca-listed ETPs that reopened with an auction continued to be wider than the median pre-pause spreads, even 15 minutes after those paused securities had reopened. However, it should be noted that some securities had more than one pause during the 15-minute period after reopening following the initial pause, which may have impacted median spread data at the post 15-minute mark.

Multiple pauses within 15 minutes of reopening after the initial pause may indicate that some of the median spreads noted in the post 15-minute column actually represent the spread for a pause that occurred shortly after a secondary pause. This may have impacted the post 15-minute median spread calculation, as it would represent a quote only minutes following the secondary pause (but that was 15 minutes after the initial pause). However, spreads for all NYSE Arca-listed ETPs were substantially tighter at post 15-minutes compared to the spreads at reopening, and the securities that reopened without an auction also had tighter spreads at post 15 minutes compared to pre-pause spreads.

Additional Data—NYSE MKT and BATS

During the first half of 2015 and on August 24, 2015, neither NYSE MKT-listed nor BATS-listed securities experienced a large sample of pauses, making any conclusions based on data from these markets of limited value. NYSE MKT did not have pauses in any Tier 1 securities [19] during the first half of 2015, and averaged only two pauses per month in Tier 2 securities (for a total of 13 pauses, seven of which reopened with auctions). On August 24, 2015, four NYSE MKT securities experienced pauses, with three securities reopening with an auction. BATS-listed securities were paused seven times in the first half of 2015, five of which occurred immediately after the LULD bands narrowed at 9:45 a.m. On August 24, 2015, BATS-listed ETPs were paused three times.

The data from these small samples are inconclusive, but are represented below in Table 8 for completeness:

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(c) Participant's Conclusion on the Length of Trading Pauses and Reopening Procedures

The current LULD rules already permit the Primary Listing Exchange to extend the initial five-minute Trading Pause to 10 minutes. The Participants' data prepared by Nasdaq and NYSE provide no indication that extending Trading Pauses beyond 10 minutes would prevent repeat pauses. Currently, Primary Listing Exchanges may extend the pause duration to 10 minutes in order to optimize the exchange reopening cross process and the Participants believe that this option to extend pause durations should remain part of the Primary Listing Exchange reopening process. However, absent clear evidence that longer pauses have resulted in better post-reopen market quality, the Participants recommend no change to the reopening process as it relates to LULD.

The Primary Listing Exchange may wish to consider extending the reopening auction process following a pause beyond the initial five minutes on a more frequent basis and, in rare cases, may wish to consider calling a non-regulatory Imbalance Halt if the Primary Listing Exchange determines that reopening would add to volatility.[20]

(3) Modification to Initial Reference Price Methodology

The Plan provides that the first Reference Price for a trading day is the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange if such Opening Price occurs less than five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours. However, if the Primary Listing Exchange opens with quotations, the first Reference Price for a trading day is the BAM.[21]

When the Participants proposed the Plan, several comment letters expressed concern that the application of Price Bands during the opening and closing could be disruptive to price discovery.[22] The Participants have assessed the impact of Trading Pauses as well as the quality of trading around Trading Pauses. While the Participants' assessment of the impact of Trading Pauses indicates that the Plan has reduced the frequency of price dislocations in stocks, the Participants also found extensive evidence showing that the vast majority of Trading Pauses that currently occur are in stocks that did not trade at or near the time of the Trading Pause.

The Participants found that the use of the Primary Listing Exchange's BAM often produced a skewed initial Reference Price when trading interest is extremely thin or non-existent, rendering a security illiquid. This scenario occurs when the opening bid-ask quotes are wide or skewed and not indicative of the current market for the security. Back-testing analysis showed that nearly all of these Trading Pauses likely would not have occurred if the first Reference Price for the day was determined using the Primary Listing Exchange's previous closing price instead of the BAM because the BAM of the first quote may not represent fair value in less liquid securities. Therefore, the Participants recommend revising the current Plan methodology for determining the initial Reference Price to a methodology that uses the closing price of the security on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, and if no such closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange reported to the Processor.

Although market makers do not have obligations prior to a security opening, they will often bracket the market around what they believe to be the fair value of a security. For example, the market maker may determine that a security is likely to open around $10 and would, before the market opens, enter a bid of $7 and an offer of $13. If no other orders enter the market prior to the open, the mid-point would then be $10, and, even if there is no opening trade, the exchange would establish a valid open Reference Price.

However, if a market participant were to enter an aggressive bid prior to the open for such security at $10, then the mid-point would become skewed; in this example, the mid-point would be set at $11.50 for a security with a fair value of $10. If this were a Tier 2 security, the initial lower limit would be 20% below $11.50, or $9.20 (assuming it is not a leveraged ETP), and the upper limit would be set at $13.80. At 9:45 a.m., the bands would narrow to 10%, which would put the lower band at $10.35 and the Upper Price Band at $12.65. If the security should be trading near $10, this would immediately result in a Trading Pause as the offer attempted to decline below the Lower Price Band of $10.35.

Another example illustrating the impact of using BAM as the first Reference Price when quotes are not indicative of the security's trading price Start Printed Page 10324is depicted in the following example and graph (Chart 1).[23] As an example of the BAM deviating from the Reference Price, Professor James J. Angel studied, the UBS ETRACS CMCI Energy Total Return ETN (UBN). Chart 1 below shows the Upper and Lower Price Bands, with the reference and closing price of the day to display the imbalance between the intraday bands and the closing price. For an extended duration in 2014, the opening Lower Price Band was frequently above the security's closing price. The ETN experienced 111 Trading Pauses in 2014. The majority of the pauses occurred at 9:45 a.m., just as the Price Bands narrowed from double-wide (20%) to single-wide (10%).

The analysis performed in the Angel Report also directly supports the Participants' observations regarding the need to adjust the procedure for determining an initial Reference Price when there is no trading interest in the opening auction.[24] In such cases, the Participants believe the previous closing price generally is a better indication of the current market than a Reference Price based on the BAM. Participants also note that a small number of securities are responsible for a vast majority of Limit States and Straddle States. For example, from the inception of LULD in April 2013 through December 31, 2014, there were approximately two million Limit States, 4.8 million Straddle States and 8,500 Trading Pauses. Approximately 91% of the two million Limit States are accounted for by 50 securities that relied on a Reference Price that was calculated based on the BAM. Further, these securities also were responsible for as many as 81% of Straddle States and 30% of Trading Pauses.[25]

The Participants believe that the disproportionately high number of Trading Pauses in stocks that did not trade in the opening cross can reduce market participant attention to Trading Pauses. On volatile days, Trading Pauses in stocks that have not traded distract attention from the smaller number of stocks that are in Limit State or paused because of significant order imbalances. The distraction necessitates an unnecessary filtering requirement that could discourage submission of offsetting trading interest during the Limit State and the reopening auction.

In addition to the analysis contained in the Angel Report, the Participants performed the following data analysis to support the proposed recommendations intended to address the current use of the BAM as the first Reference Price for illiquid securities. Back-testing of securities listed on Nasdaq and NYSE trading venues has shown that, in stocks that have no opening cross, the previous closing price results in fewer Trading Pauses than the BAM.[26]

(a) Nasdaq-Listed Securities

Between the start of LULD in 2013 and September 22, 2015, 9,118 Trading Pauses occurred in Nasdaq-listed stocks before they had a trade. In the majority of those cases (5,404), after the Trading Pause was lifted, there were no trades at any point in the entire trading day for the security, which further supports that the pauses were uninformative because they were caused by lack of trading interest, rather than price volatility (Table 9).

Of the cases where there was trading later in the day in the security, in the vast majority of cases, the closing price that day was closer to the previous day's close than the opening BAM. The rows highlighted in red in Table 9 are those where the difference matters most Start Printed Page 10325because the previous close and the opening BAM were very different.

The argument against using the previous closing price is that the BAM is determined in real time and reflects the latest information. This is true when there is trading interest in a stock, but demonstrably not true in the thousands of cases each year when there is no trading interest and quotes are wide. Furthermore, when there is trading interest, stocks are more likely to have an opening cross, which obviates the need to use either the previous closing price or BAM in calculating the initial Reference Price. For example, during 2015 through August 23, approximately 550 Nasdaq-listed stocks opened without an opening cross trade, but on August 24, 2015 there were only 250 such stocks.

Participants undertook back-tests to simulate the impact of the proposed change to the first Reference Price on the number of pauses in Nasdaq-listed securities that were not trading (see Table 10).[27]

Participants used results for 182 trading days in all Nasdaq-listed LULD-eligible securities that did not have an opening cross (which averaged 526 stocks per day) from January to September 2015. For each stock and trading day, the test lasted from 9:30 a.m. until there was either a trade or a pause in that stock. The Participants tested for Limit States using two alternative Reference Prices: (i) The Reference Price based on the current Plan parameters; and (ii) the Reference Price based on the Primary Listing Exchange previous close. For this approach there were four possible comparative outcomes: (i) Both resulted in a Limit State and Trading Pause; (ii) neither resulted in a Limit State or Trading Pause; (iii) the current bands resulted in a Limit State and Trading Pause, but the previous close bands did not; and (iv) the previous close bands resulted in a Limit State and Trading Pause, but the current bands did not. Generally, the Participants expected to find that (i) and (ii) cases would be indicative of both Reference Prices having worked equally well and that excessive (iii) and (iv) cases would be indicative of poorly functioning Reference Prices under one alternative or the other.

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On average, 512.7 stocks per day would not pause with the Reference Price determined by either BAM or the previous close. An average of 0.8 stocks per day would have paused with the Reference Price determined by either method. An average of 10.7 stocks per day pause using the current BAM Reference Price, but would not pause using the previous close Reference Price. Finally, an average of 1.3 stocks per day may pause using the previous close Reference Price but would not using the BAM Reference Price.

Participants believe that, for Nasdaq-listed securities, the 10.7 stocks per day in which the current Price Bands paused, but the previous close bands would not pause, could have been avoided if Price Bands based on the previous close were used in cases where there is no opening auction for a stock. This would represent an 83% reduction in the number of stocks pausing after opening on a quote.

(b) NYSE-Listed Securities

The methodology that NYSE used for its analyses tested the NBBO first and continued to use the BAM as the initial Reference Price if the width of the quote was less than or equal to one-half of the applicable Price Band width, but if outside of such parameters, the previous closing price was instead utilized (the “NYSE Methodology”). The differences in results between the methodology applied by Nasdaq in subsection (a) above (i.e., using the previous closing price only rather than checking the mid-quote first) and the NYSE Methodology were not substantial and are discussed further in subsection (d) below.

NYSE's analyses applied the NYSE Methodology to all LULD Price Bands until there was either a trade in the security or until a pause was signaled in actual trading. The analyses considered a new pause any time a security hit a simulated Limit State based on the revised bands under the NYSE Methodology. Note, however, that this tends to overestimate pauses because, according to Nasdaq's analysis, only approximately five of every eight securities that hit a Limit State would ultimately enter a pause.

NYSE Arca Results

Participants analyzed data from the first half of 2015, as well as for August 24, 2015, and found that the NYSE Methodology would have substantially reduced the number of pauses due to skewed quotes. NYSE defined a skewed quote as an opening quote for which the bid and offer were wide and for which an aggressive buyer or seller posted an order that resulted in a mid-point far from the security's market value. The NYSE simulation used the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange whenever the Reference Price would have been based on such a skewed quote.

As shown in Table 11, below, during the first half of 2015, NYSE Arca had a daily average of 14 Tier 1 securities and 432 Tier 2 securities that opened on a quote. Of these, two Tier 1 and 119 Tier 2 securities typically used initial Reference Prices that were based on skewed quotes. However, most Tier 1 securities execute an opening auction, or have an initial quote that is tight enough to allow for the use of the mid-quote as a valid Reference Price. On average, each day, 0.1 Tier 1 and 10.9 Tier 2 securities were paused when their Reference Prices were based on skewed quotes (compared to 0.01 Tier 1 securities and 0.02 Tier 2 securities with good first Reference Prices that were paused during the same period). Application of the revised NYSE Methodology would have prevented all Tier 1 pauses and an average of 9.8 of 10.9 daily Tier 2 pauses (i.e., a reduction of 90.5%).

Participants have determined that it is critical that revising the initial Reference Price methodology does not cause pauses that would not otherwise have occurred using the current methodology. The data shows that application of the NYSE Methodology would have resulted in no such pauses in Tier 1 securities and 0.07 such pauses in Tier 2 securities per day.

Participants also reviewed the simulation data (see Table 11) to determine if any securities that actually Start Printed Page 10327experienced a pause using the current methodology would have experienced a pause earlier in the same trading day if the NYSE Methodology had been applied. Participants found that there was an average of one such pause per day that would have occurred for Tier 2 securities and there were no such occurrences for Tier 1 securities. However, the Participants do not consider this to be an issue, as these securities would have been subject to pauses already; the NYSE Methodology merely resulted in a pause occurring earlier in the trading session.

NYSE Results

Application of the NYSE Methodology during the first half of 2015 for NYSE-listed securities would have prevented a total of 31 pauses, all in Tier 2 securities; on August 24, 2015, seven pauses would have been prevented (see Table 12). Participants estimate that a maximum of three pauses would have been caused by the NYSE Methodology that would not have occurred using the current methodology, all in Tier 2 securities.

NYSE MKT Results

Application of the NYSE Methodology had no substantive impact on NYSE MKT-listed securities. For the first half of 2015, two pauses would have been avoided, and there would have been no pauses caused by the NYSE Methodology that would otherwise not have occurred using the current methodology. There would have been no impact on pauses on August 24, 2015 (Table 13).

Start Printed Page 10328

(c) Participants' Conclusion on First Reference Price

The Participants find that the vast majority of Trading Pauses occur when the current Plan methodology results in inappropriate Reference Prices. This occurs most often in low volume securities when there is no opening cross on the Primary Listing Exchange and the NBBO is wide or far from most recent last sale price of the security.[28]

The Participants explored and back-tested multiple options for fixing the problem and recommend that the Plan be amended to change the first Reference Price when there is no opening trade from the BAM to the Primary Listing Exchange previous closing price.

The Participants believe that the proposed amendments are consistent with Section 11A of the Exchange Act and Rule 608, of Regulation NMS thereunder,[29] which authorizes the Participants to act jointly in preparing, Start Printed Page 10329filing and implementing national market system plans.

(d) Alternative Approaches To Establishing the First Reference Price

The Commission staff requested that Participants consider alternative approaches to establishing the initial Reference Price when a security does not open on a trade. Under the current Plan, the Primary Listing Exchange determines the first Reference Price using BAM when no trade is executed in the opening auction, which the Participants believe results in unnecessary and avoidable trading pauses.

i. Utilize the mid-point of the prior day's last NBBO and the last LULD Reference Price:

In 2013 the Participants considered utilizing the mid-point of the prior day's last NBBO and the prior day's last LULD Reference Price to determine the open reference price. The Participants found that, while these simulations also resulted in a reduction of pauses, such alternative methods were not as effective in reducing the number of pauses as using the most recent last sale eligible execution on the Primary Listing Exchange.

The results of those analyses are shown in Table 14, above, and Table 15, below. Results in Table 14 reflect those results for securities on NYSE and NYSE MKT that were subject to LULD at the time of the analyses. Results in Table 15 include those for the NYSE Arca-listed securities that were subject to LULD at the time of the analyses. These tables compare the number of securities subject to LULD that had been paused before a trade had been executed with the estimated number of securities that would have been paused if the following methods had instead been implemented:

a. Most recent prior day trade;

b. Prior day's final LULD Reference Price;

c. Final regular hours NBBO mid-point; and

d. First NBBO mid-point.

The Participants also reviewed, for securities that were not yet subject to LULD at the time of the analyses, theoretical possible pauses using these same methods. The results showed that using the most recent prior day's last sale or the prior day's final LULD Reference Price resulted in far fewer pauses than the current methodology utilizing the BAM.

ii. Delay the Establishing of the Open Reference Price

The Participants also considered a delay in establishing the open Reference Price until 9:32 a.m., but noted that such a delay would result in a period during which there was no LULD protection after the Primary Listing Exchange had already opened the security (Table 16).

Start Printed Page 10330

Also, to review the feasibility of using such a delay, an analysis of spread changes in NYSE Arca ETPs between 9:30 a.m. and 9:32 a.m. was conducted for October 2013. This analysis used the percentage of NYSE Arca securities in the first half of 2015 that would have employed the most recent last sale eligible execution as the initial Reference Price, which was 7.94%,[30] to establish the appropriate threshold to use in determining which spreads should be included in the analysis. The analysis applied 7.94% to the percentile rank of spreads at the open and at 9:32 a.m. (i.e., 100%−7.94% = 92.06 percentile). As shown in Table 16 above, securities in this percentile typically had a spread greater than 34% at the open, and the spread still remained relatively wide, at 5.84%, at 9:32 a.m. The risk posed by leaving securities without LULD protection for two minutes in addition to the risk that the mid-quotes may still be skewed two minutes after opening led to the Participants' determination that delaying until 9:32 a.m. to determine the open Reference Price was not a viable alternative.

iii. Pause Trading Until the NBBO Meets Some Standard of Quality

Another alternative suggestion would be pausing trading on stocks until the NBBO meets some standard of quality.

The Participants find that it is unnecessarily disruptive to put stocks into a Trading Pause when there is little trading interest. In fact, the purpose of the recommended change in the initial Reference Price calculation methodology is to reduce unnecessary Trading Pauses. Instead, it should be recognized that when the NBBO in a stock is wider than the LULD bands, the stock is in a temporary form of Trading Pause because trades cannot occur at bids and offers outside the LULD bands (a trade may occur if non-displayed orders meet at prices within the Price Bands). Trading may resume smoothly when limit orders return within the Price Bands. Market participants also may move their orders to the Limit State and force an auction if they believe the appropriate price is not within the Price Bands.

iv. Test the Opening NBBO

Another alternative suggestion is to test the NBBO and continue to use the BAM as the first reference price if the width of the quote is less than or equal to one-half of the applicable Price Band width, but if outside of such parameters, the previous closing price would be utilized. NYSE found that including this mid-quote check would have prevented, in the first half of 2015, an additional 54 pauses in NYSE Arca Tier 2 securities, three pauses in NYSE Arca Tier 1 securities, two pauses in NYSE Tier 1 securities and seven pauses in NYSE-listed Tier 2 securities (NYSE MKT and BATS results were not tested without the mid-quote check). However, a substantial number of such pauses were in a limited number of securities, most of which rarely traded.

Therefore, the Participants believe that at this time the added complexity and potential for continuing to have inappropriate Reference Prices from such an approach would outweigh any incremental benefits. First, the complexity added by undertaking the test in every security that does not have a trade may further delay establishing the LULD Price Bands and adds a point of failure to the Price Band calculation. Second, in some cases the NBBO is narrow, but at prices far from the security's fundamental value. Third, there is no research available to justify any particular standard of how narrow the NBBO should be before it is acceptable. Finally, Nasdaq back-testing demonstrates that, at most, one Nasdaq-listed security will pause each day because of switching from the BAM to the previous closing price, but that is not a pause that should not have happened. The fact that the price has moved away from the previous close is an indication of news.

v. Alternatives External to the LULD Plan

The Participants considered an alternative external to the LULD Plan to mitigate wide or skewed opening quotes resulting in an inaccurate midpoint—i.e., the imposition of enhanced or tighter market maker quoting obligations. Current market maker obligations generally require market makers to quote a designated percentage away from the NBBO or the last reported sale, but are not applicable until the stock has opened for trading. Thus, simply narrowing quoting obligations would be insufficient where there are no price references off which to measure, and would require a new structure to be effective prior to or upon the opening.

Noting that the purpose of the pilot period and study is to correct unintended consequences of the Plan design, the Participants believe it is not necessary to create new regulatory obligations and attendant surveillances, enforcement and penalties in order to fix a design flaw created by the Participants when the recommended system changes can fix the mid-point issue in a more targeted manner.

Other broader external solutions designed to mitigate fragmentation around the opening are beyond the scope of this study and the Participants.

(4) Discussion of Additional Potential Measures To Increase Liquidity and Promote Market Stability

Trading venues undertake a range of activities to encourage deep liquidity and stable markets. In addition to the Plan, exchanges and non-exchange trading venues compete with innovative information products, order types, and pricing to attract and promote market making. The Participants also have rules that set standards and requirements for market maker quoting, market-wide circuit breakers, clearly erroneous trades and aberrant trades.

All of these rules are interrelated, and any changes to the Plan may also affect the impact of other rules on the market. This section discusses alternatives Participants considered to promote liquidity provision and rule changes, in addition to the Plan, that the Participants believe could promote market stability.Start Printed Page 10331

(a) Market Maker Quoting Standards

Notwithstanding current SRO requirements for market makers, liquidity demand sometimes overwhelms supply and prices can move without a fundamental change in the value of the asset. The Participants considered alternative ways to enhance liquidity or limit such temporary price dislocations.

Specifically, Participants considered suggestions that market maker incentives and obligations could be enhanced to encourage or require greater liquidity provision near the price of the asset. Such additional depth could be expected to absorb liquidity-taking orders that would otherwise push the price away from its fundamental value. Several exchanges have implemented innovative ways for issuers to compensate market makers for enhanced market making in certain securities. Participants believe that the SEC should encourage such innovation. Participants find that efforts to increase market maker obligations without compensation are untenable in the current fragmented market structure because market makers can avoid exchange-level quoting obligations by moving market making activities to a non-exchange venue that does not share the requirements. Participants find that future market structure considerations should be given to the benefits of reducing fragmentation in certain situations, particularly in trading of illiquid stocks.

Furthermore, current market maker obligations generally require market makers to quote a designated percentage away from the NBBO or the last reported sale, but are not applicable until the stock has opened for trading. Thus, simply narrowing quoting obligations would be insufficient where there are no price references off of which to measure, and would require a new structure to be effective prior to or upon the opening.

Several industry members have also recommended that to help increase the likelihood of a successful auction, and to improve price discovery, consideration should be given to routing of all orders to the Primary Listing Exchange during a halt. Auctions provide an opportunity to aggregate liquidity, and routing to the primary exchange could reduce fragmentation and may preclude a run-off of standing orders that could have been more efficiently handled by the Primary Listing Exchange's reopening auction.

(b) Market Orders and Stop Market Orders

To limit the risk that retail investors receive executions at prices substantially different than those they expected to receive, particularly during periods of high volatility, the Participants believe consideration should be given to eliminating stop loss market orders. In addition, Participants recommend that market participants be provided the opportunity to consider and comment on proposals to limit or eliminate the use of market orders.

(c) Additional Alternatives

Additional items that warrant further consideration in this context include possibly requiring the routing of all orders to the Primary Listing Exchange during the reopening auction process. Market participants and regulators may also consider providing ETP issuers the option of waiting until 9:45 a.m. to open their securities on volatile days. This may require a specific industry rule with respect to the definition of “volatile.” Finally, consideration should be given to incorporating indicative valuations into the set of criteria used to invoke auction reopenings.

B. Governing or Constituent Documents

The governing documents of the Processor, as defined in Section I(P) of the Plan, will not be affected by the Plan, but once the Plan is implemented, the Processor's obligations will change, as set forth in detail in the Plan.

C. Implementation of Plan

The initial date of the Plan operations was April 8, 2013.

D. Development and Implementation Phases

The Plan was initially implemented as a one-year pilot program in two Phases, consistent with Section VIII of the Plan: Phase I of Plan implementation began on April 8, 2013 and was completed on May 3, 2013. Implementation of Phase II of the Plan began on August 5, 2013 and was completed on February 24, 2014. Pursuant to the Ninth Amendment, the Participants extended the Pilot until April 22, 2016.[31] Pursuant to the instant proposal, the Plan would be extended until April 21, 2017 with the proposed modifications described herein. The amendments would be implemented three months after SEC approval of Amendment No. 10.

E. Analysis of Impact on Competition

The proposed amendment to the Plan does not impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act. The Participants do not believe that the proposed Plan introduces terms that are unreasonably discriminatory for the purposes of Section 11A(c)(1)(D) of the Exchange Act.

F. Written Understanding or Agreements Relating to Interpretation of, or Participation in the Plan

The Participants have no written understandings or agreements relating to interpretation of the Plan. Section II(C) of the Plan sets forth how any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association may become a Participant.

G. Approval of Amendment of the Plan

Each of the Plan's Participants has executed a written amended Plan.

H. Terms and Conditions of Access

Section II(C) of the Plan provides that any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association under the Exchange Act may become a Participant by: (1) Becoming a participant in the applicable Market Data Plans, as defined in Section I(F) of the Plan; (2) executing a copy of the Plan, as then in effect; (3) providing each then-current Participant with a copy of such executed Plan; and (4) effecting an amendment to the Plan as specified in Section III(B) of the Plan.

I. Method of Determination and Imposition, and Amount of, Fees and Charges

Not applicable.

J. Method and Frequency of Processor Evaluation

Not applicable.

K. Dispute Resolution

Section III(C) of the Plan provides that each Participant shall designate an individual to represent the Participant as a member of an Operating Committee. No later than the initial date of the Plan, the Operating Committee shall designate one member of the Operating Committee to act as the Chair of the Operating Committee. Any recommendation for an amendment to the Plan from the Operating Committee that receives an affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the Participants, but is less than unanimous, shall be submitted to the Commission as a request for an amendment to the Plan initiated by the Commission under Rule 608.Start Printed Page 10332

On February 17, 2016, the Operating Committee, duly constituted and chaired by Mr. Paul Roland, Nasdaq, met and voted unanimously to amend the Plan as set forth herein in accordance with Section III(C) of the Plan. The Plan Advisory Committee was notified in connection with the Tenth Amendment and was in favor.

III. Solicitation of Comments

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed Tenth Amendment is consistent with the Act.

Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

Paper Comments

  • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number 4-631. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/​rules/​sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the Plan that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the Plan between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the Participants' principal offices. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number 4-631 and should be submitted on or before March 21, 2016.

Start Signature

By the Commission.

Robert W. Errett,

Deputy Secretary.

End Signature

Appendix A

Proposed new language is italicized; proposed deletions are in [brackets].

PLAN TO ADDRESS EXTRAORDINARY MARKET VOLATILITY SUBMITTED TO THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION PURSUANT TO RULE 608 OF REGULATION NMS UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Table of Contents

SectionPage
Preamble1
I. Definitions2
II. Parties4
III. Amendments to Plan7
IV. Trading Center Policies and Procedures[8]9
V. Price Bands9
VI. Limit Up-Limit Down Requirements11
VII. Trading Pauses13
VIII. Implementation15
IX. Withdrawal from Plan16
X. Counterparts and Signatures[16]17
Appendix A—Percentage Parameters[19]18
Appendix A—Schedule 1[21]20
Appendix B—Data[34]37

Preamble

The Participants submit to the SEC this Plan establishing procedures to address extraordinary volatility in NMS Stocks. The procedures provide for market-wide limit up-limit down requirements that prevent trades in individual NMS Stocks from occurring outside of the specified Price Bands. These limit up-limit down requirements are coupled with Trading Pauses to accommodate more fundamental price moves. The Plan procedures are designed, among other things, to protect investors and promote fair and orderly markets. The Participants developed this Plan pursuant to Rule 608(a)(3) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, which authorizes the Participants to act jointly in preparing, filing, and implementing national market system plans.

I. Definitions

(A) “Eligible Reported Transactions” shall have the meaning prescribed by the Operating Committee and shall generally mean transactions that are eligible to update the last sale price of an NMS Stock.

(B) “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

(C) “Limit State” shall have the meaning provided in Section VI of the Plan.

(D) “Limit State Quotation” shall have the meaning provided in Section VI of the Plan.

(E) “Lower Price Band” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(F) “Market Data Plans” shall mean the effective national market system plans through which the Participants act jointly to disseminate consolidated information in compliance with Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(G) “National Best Bid” and “National Best Offer” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(42) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(H) “NMS Stock” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(47) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(I) “Opening Price” shall mean the price of a transaction that opens trading on the Primary Listing Exchange[, or,]. [i]I f the Primary Listing Exchange opens with quotations, the “Opening Price” shall mean the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no such closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange [midpoint of those quotations].

(J) “Operating Committee” shall have the meaning provided in Section III(C) of the Plan.

(K) “Participant” means a party to the Plan.

(L) “Plan” means the plan set forth in this instrument, as amended from time to time in accordance with its provisions.

(M) “Percentage Parameter” shall mean the percentages for each tier of NMS Stocks set forth in Appendix A of the Plan.

(N) “Price Bands” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(O) “Primary Listing Exchange” shall mean the Participant on which an NMS Stock is listed. If an NMS Stock is listed on more than one Participant, the Participant on which the NMS Stock has been listed the longest shall be the Primary Listing Exchange.Start Printed Page 10333

(P) “Processor” shall mean the single plan processor responsible for the consolidation of information for an NMS Stock pursuant to Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(Q) “Pro-Forma Reference Price” shall have the meaning provided in Section V(A)(2) of the Plan.

(R) “Reference Price” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(S)[(R)] “Regular Trading Hours” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(64) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act. For purposes of the Plan, Regular Trading Hours can end earlier than 4:00 p.m. ET in the case of an early scheduled close.

(T)[(S)] “Regulatory Halt” shall have the meaning specified in the Market Data Plans.

[(T) “Reference Price” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.]

(U) “Reopening Price” shall mean the price of a transaction that reopens trading on the Primary Listing Exchange following a Trading Pause or a Regulatory Halt, or, if the Primary Listing Exchange reopens with quotations, the midpoint of those quotations.

(V) “SEC” shall mean the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

(W) “Straddle State” shall have the meaning provided in Section VII(A)(2) of the Plan.

(X) “Trading center” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(78) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(Y) “Trading Pause” shall have the meaning provided in Section VII of the Plan.

(Z) “Upper Price Band” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

II. Parties

(A) List of Parties

The parties to the Plan are as follows:

(1) BATS Exchange, Inc., 8050 Marshall Drive, Lenexa, Kansas 66214

(2) BATS Y-Exchange, Inc., 8050 Marshall Drive, Lenexa, Kansas 66214

(3) Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., 440 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(4) EDGA Exchange, Inc., 8050 Marshall Drive, Lenexa, Kansas 66214

(5) EDGX Exchange, Inc., 8050 Marshall Drive, Lenexa, Kansas 66214

(6) Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., 1735 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20006

(7) NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc., One Liberty Plaza, New York, New York 10006

(8) NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC, 1900 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

(9) The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, 1 Liberty Plaza, 165 Broadway, New York, NY 10006

(10) National Stock Exchange, Inc., 101 Hudson, Suite 1200, Jersey City, NJ 07302

(11) New York Stock Exchange LLC, 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(12) NYSE MKT LLC, 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(13) NYSE Arca, Inc., 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(B) Compliance Undertaking

By subscribing to and submitting the Plan for approval by the SEC, each Participant agrees to comply with and to enforce compliance, as required by Rule 608(c) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, by its members with the provisions of the Plan. To this end, each Participant shall adopt a rule requiring compliance by its members with the provisions of the Plan, and each Participant shall take such actions as are necessary and appropriate as a participant of the Market Data Plans to cause and enable the Processor for each NMS Stock to fulfill the functions set forth in this Plan.

(C) New Participants

The Participants agree that any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association under the Exchange Act may become a Participant by: (1) becoming a participant in the applicable Market Data Plans; (2) executing a copy of the Plan, as then in effect; (3) providing each then-current Participant with a copy of such executed Plan; and (4) effecting an amendment to the Plan as specified in Section III (B) of the Plan.

(D) Advisory Committee

(1) Formation. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Plan, an Advisory Committee to the Plan shall be formed and shall function in accordance with the provisions set forth in this section.

(2) Composition. Members of the Advisory Committee shall be selected for two-year terms as follows:

(A) Advisory Committee Selections. By affirmative vote of a majority of the Participants, the Participants shall select at least one representatives from each of the following categories to be members of the Advisory Committee: (1) a broker-dealer with a substantial retail investor customer base; (2) a broker-dealer with a substantial institutional investor customer base; (3) an alternative trading system; (4) a broker-dealer that primarily engages in trading for its own account; and (5) an investor.

(3) Function. Members of the Advisory Committee shall have the right to submit their views to the Operating Committee on Plan matters, prior to a decision by the Operating Committee on such matters. Such matters shall include, but not be limited to, proposed material amendments to the Plan.

(4) Meetings and Information. Members of the Advisory Committee shall have the right to attend meetings of the Operating Committee and to receive any information concerning Plan matters; provided, however, that the Operating Committee may meet in executive session if, by affirmative vote of a majority of the Participants, the Operating Committee determines that an item of Plan business requires confidential treatment.

III. Amendments to Plan

(A) General Amendments

Except with respect to the addition of new Participants to the Plan, any proposed change in, addition to, or deletion from the Plan shall be effected by means of a written amendment to the Plan that: (1) sets forth the change, addition, or deletion; (2) is executed on behalf of each Participant; and, (3) is approved by the SEC pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, or otherwise becomes effective under Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(B) New Participants

With respect to new Participants, an amendment to the Plan may be effected by the new national securities exchange or national securities association executing a copy of the Plan, as then in effect (with the only changes being the addition of the new Participant's name in Section II(A) of the Plan) and submitting such executed Plan to the SEC for approval. The amendment shall be effective when it is approved by the SEC in accordance with Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act or otherwise becomes effective pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(C) Operating Committee

(1) Each Participant shall select from its staff one individual to represent the Participant as a member of an Operating Committee, together with a substitute for such individual. The substitute may participate in deliberations of the Operating Committee and shall be considered a voting member thereof only in the absence of the primary representative. Each Participant shall have one vote on all matters considered by the Operating Committee. No later than the initial date of Plan operations, the Operating Committee shall designate one member of the Operating Committee to act as the Chair of the Operating Committee.

(2) The Operating Committee shall monitor the procedures established pursuant to this Plan and advise the Participants with respect to any deficiencies, problems, or recommendations as the Operating Committee may deem appropriate. The Operating Committee shall establish specifications and procedures for the implementation and operation of the Plan that are consistent with the provisions of this Plan and the Appendixes thereto. With respect to matters in this paragraph, Operating Committee decisions shall be approved by a simple majority vote.

(3) Any recommendation for an amendment to the Plan from the Operating Committee that receives an affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the Participants, but is less than unanimous, shall be submitted to the SEC as a request for an amendment to the Plan initiated by the Commission under Rule 608 of Regulation NMS.

IV. Trading Center Policies and Procedures

All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to comply with the limit up—limit down requirements specified in Sections VI of the Plan, and to comply with the Trading Pauses specified in Section VII of the Plan.

V. Price Bands

(A) Calculation and Dissemination of Price Bands

(1) The Processor for each NMS stock shall calculate and disseminate to the public a Lower Price Band and an Upper Price Band during Regular Trading Hours for such NMS Start Printed Page 10334Stock. The Price Bands shall be based on a Reference Price for each NMS Stock that equals the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS stock over the immediately preceding five-minute period (except for periods following openings and reopenings, which are addressed below). If no Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock have occurred over the immediately preceding five-minute period, the previous Reference Price shall remain in effect. The Price Bands for an NMS Stock shall be calculated by applying the Percentage Parameter for such NMS Stock to the Reference Price, with the Lower Price Band being a Percentage Parameter below the Reference Price, and the Upper Price Band being a Percentage Parameter above the Reference Price. The Price Bands shall be calculated during Regular Trading Hours. Between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. ET, and 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. ET, or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close, the Price Bands shall be calculated by applying double the Percentage Parameters set forth in Appendix A. If a Reopening Price does not occur within ten minutes after the beginning of a Trading Pause, the Price Band, for the first 30 seconds following the reopening after that Trading Pause, shall be calculated by applying triple the Percentage Parameters set forth in Appendix A.

(2) The Processor shall calculate a Pro-Forma Reference Price on a continuous basis during Regular Trading Hours, as specified in Section V(A)(1) of the Plan. If a Pro-Forma Reference Price has not moved by 1% or more from the Reference Price currently in effect, no new Price Bands shall be disseminated, and the current Reference Price shall remain the effective Reference Price. When the Pro-Forma Reference Price has moved by 1% or more from the Reference Price currently in effect, the Pro-Forma Reference Price shall become the Reference Price, and the Processor shall disseminate new Price Bands based on the new Reference Price; provided, however, that each new Reference Price shall remain in effect for at least 30 seconds.

(B) Openings

(1) Except when a Regulatory Halt is in effect at the start of Regular Trading Hours, the first Reference Price for a trading day shall be the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange in an NMS Stock if such Opening Price occurs less than five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours. During the period less than five minutes after the Opening Price, a Pro-Forma Reference Price shall be updated on a continuous basis to be the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock during the period following the Opening Price (including the Opening Price), and if it differs from the current Reference Price by 1% or more shall become the new Reference Price, except that a new Reference Price shall remain in effect for at least 30 seconds. Subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(2) If the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange in an NMS Stock does not occur within five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours, the first Reference Price for a trading day shall be the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the preceding five minute time period, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(C) Reopenings

(1) Following a Trading Pause in an NMS Stock, and if the Primary Listing Exchange has not declared a Regulatory Halt, the next Reference Price shall be the Reopening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange if such Reopening Price occurs within ten minutes after the beginning of the Trading Pause, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be determined in the manner prescribed for normal openings, as specified in Section V(B)(1) of the Plan. If such Reopening Price does not occur within ten minutes after the beginning of the Trading Pause, the first Reference Price following the Trading Pause shall be equal to the last effective Reference Price before the Trading Pause. Subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(2) Following a Regulatory Halt, the next Reference Price shall be the Opening or Reopening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange if such Opening or Reopening Price occurs within five minutes after the end of the Regulatory Halt, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be determined in the manner prescribed for normal openings, as specified in Section V(B)(1) of the Plan. If such Opening or Reopening Price has not occurred within five minutes after the end of the Regulatory Halt, the Reference Price shall be equal to the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the preceding five minute time period, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

VI. Limit Up-Limit Down Requirements

(A) Limitations on Trades and Quotations Outside of Price Bands

(1) All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent trades at prices that are below the Lower Price Band or above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock. Single-priced opening, reopening, and closing transactions on the Primary Listing Exchange, however, shall be excluded from this limitation. In addition, any transaction that both (i) does not update the last sale price (except if solely because the transaction was reported late or because the transaction was an odd-lot sized transaction), and (ii) is excepted or exempt from Rule 611 under Regulation NMS shall be excluded from this limitation.

(2) When a National Best Bid is below the Lower Price Band or a National Best Offer is above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, the Processor shall disseminate such National Best Bid or National Best Offer with an appropriate flag identifying it as non-executable. When a National Best Offer is equal to the Lower Price Band or a National Best Bid is equal to the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, the Processor shall distribute such National Best Bid or National Best Offer with an appropriate flag identifying it as a “Limit State Quotation”.

(3) All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent the display of offers below the Lower Price Band and bids above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock. The Processor shall disseminate an offer below the Lower Price Band or bid above the Upper Price Band that may be submitted despite such reasonable policies and procedures, but with an appropriate flag identifying it as non-executable; provided, however, that any such bid or offer shall not be included in National Best Bid or National Best Offer calculations.

(B) Entering and Exiting a Limit State

(1) All trading for an NMS Stock shall immediately enter a Limit State if the National Best Offer equals the Lower Price Band and does not cross the National Best Bid, or the National Best Bid equals the Upper Price Band and does not cross the National Best Offer.

(2) When trading for an NMS Stock enters a Limit State, the Processor shall disseminate this information by identifying the relevant quotation (i.e., a National Best Offer that equals the Lower Price Band or a National Best Bid that equals the Upper Price Band) as a Limit State Quotation. At this point, the Processor shall cease calculating and disseminating updated Reference Prices and Price Bands for the NMS Stock until either trading exits the Limit State or trading resumes with an opening or re-opening as provided in Section V.

(3) Trading for an NMS Stock shall exit a Limit State if, within 15 seconds of entering the Limit State, the entire size of all Limit State Quotations are executed or cancelled.

(4) If trading for an NMS Stock exits a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry, the Processor shall immediately calculate and disseminate updated Price Bands based on a Reference Price that equals the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the immediately preceding five-minute period (including the period of the Limit State).

(5) If trading for an NMS Stock does not exit a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry, the Limit State will terminate when the Primary Listing Exchange declares a Trading Pause pursuant to Section VII of the Plan or at the end of Regular Trading Hours.

VII. Trading Pauses

(A) Declaration of Trading Pauses

(1) If trading for an NMS Stock does not exit a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry during Regular Trading Hours, then the Primary Listing Exchange shall declare a Trading Pause for such NMS Stock and shall notify the Processor.

(2) The Primary Listing Exchange may also declare a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock when an NMS Stock is in a Straddle State, which is when National Best Bid (Offer) is Start Printed Page 10335below (above) the Lower (Upper) Price Band and the NMS Stock is not in a Limit State, and trading in that NMS Stock deviates from normal trading characteristics such that declaring a Trading Pause would support the Plan's goal to address extraordinary market volatility. The Primary Listing Exchange shall develop policies and procedures for determining when it would declare a Trading Pause in such circumstances. If a Trading Pause is declared for an NMS Stock under this provision, the Primary Listing Exchange shall notify the Processor.

(3) The Processor shall disseminate Trading Pause information to the public. No trades in an NMS Stock shall occur during a Trading Pause, but all bids and offers may be displayed.

(B) Reopening of Trading During Regular Trading Hours

(1) Five minutes after declaring a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock, and if the Primary Listing Exchange has not declared a Regulatory Halt, the Primary Listing Exchange shall attempt to reopen trading using its established reopening procedures. The Trading Pause shall end when the Primary Listing Exchange reports a Reopening Price.

(2) The Primary Listing Exchange shall notify the Processor if it is unable to reopen trading in an NMS Stock for any reason other than a significant order imbalance and if it has not declared a Regulatory Halt. The Processor shall disseminate this information to the public, and all trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock at this time.

(3) If the Primary Listing Exchange does not report a Reopening Price within ten minutes after the declaration of a Trading Pause in an NMS Stock, and has not declared a Regulatory Halt, all trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock.

(4) When trading begins after a Trading Pause, the Processor shall update the Price Bands as set forth in Section V(C)(1) of the Plan.

(C) Trading Pauses Within Ten Minutes of the End of Regular Trading Hours

(1) If a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock is declared in the last ten minutes of trading before the end of Regular Trading Hours, the Primary Listing Exchange shall not reopen trading and shall attempt to execute a closing transaction using its established closing procedures. All trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock when the Primary Listing Exchange executes a closing transaction.

(2) If the Primary Listing Exchange does not execute a closing transaction within five minutes after the end of Regular Trading Hours, all trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock.

VIII. Implementation

The initial date of Plan operations shall be April 8, 2013.

(A) Phase I

(1) On the initial date of Plan operations, Phase I of Plan implementation shall begin in select symbols from the Tier 1 NMS Stocks identified in Appendix A of the Plan.

(2) Three months after the initial date of Plan operations, or such earlier date as may be announced by the Processor with at least 30 days notice, the Plan shall fully apply to all Tier 1 NMS Stocks identified in Appendix A of the Plan.

(3) During Phase I, the first Price Bands for a trading day shall be calculated and disseminated 15 minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours as specified in Section (V)(A) of the Plan. No Price Bands shall be calculated and disseminated and therefore trading shall not enter a Limit State less than 30 minutes before the end of Regular Trading Hours.

(B) Phase II—Full Implementation

Phase II.A.: Eight months after the initial date of Plan operations, or such earlier date as may be announced by the Processor with at least 30 days notice, the Plan shall fully apply (i) to all NMS Stocks; and (ii) beginning at 9:30 a.m. ET, and ending at 3:45 p.m. ET each trading day, or earlier in the case of an early scheduled close.

Phase II.B.: By February 24, 2014, or such earlier date as may be announced by the Processor with at least 30 days notice, the Plan shall fully apply (i) to all NMS Stocks; and (ii) beginning at 9:30 a.m. ET, and ending at 4:00 p.m. ET each trading day, or earlier in the case of an early scheduled close.

(C) Pilot

The Plan shall be implemented on a pilot basis set to end on April 2 1[2], 201 7[6].

IX. Withdrawal from Plan

If a Participant obtains SEC approval to withdraw from the Plan, such Participant may withdraw from the Plan at any time on not less than 30 days' prior written notice to each of the other Participants. At such time, the withdrawing Participant shall have no further rights or obligations under the Plan.

X. Counterparts and Signatures

The Plan may be executed in any number of counterparts, no one of which need contain all signatures of all Participants, and as many of such counterparts as shall together contain all such signatures shall constitute one and the same instrument.

IN WITNESS THEREOF, this Plan has been executed as of the [31st] 18th day of [July] February 201 6[5] by each of the parties hereto.

BATS EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

CHICAGO STOCK EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

EDGX EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

NASDAQ OMX BX, INC.

BY:

THE NASDAQ STOCK MARKET LLC

BY:

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE LLC

BY:

NYSE ARCA, INC.

BY:

BATS Y-EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

EDGA EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

FINANCIAL INDUSTRY REGULATORY AUTHORITY, INC.

BY:

NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC

BY:

NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE, INC.

BY:

NYSE MKT LLC

BY:

Appendix A—Percentage Parameters

I. Tier 1 NMS Stocks

(1) Tier 1 NMS Stocks shall include all NMS Stocks included in the S&P 500 Index, the Russell 1000 Index, and the exchange-traded products (“ETP”) [listed on] identified as Schedule 1 to this Appendix. Schedule 1 to the Appendix will be reviewed and updated semi-annually based on the fiscal year by the Primary Listing Exchange to add ETPs that meet the criteria, or delete ETPs that are no longer eligible. To determine eligibility for an ETP to be included as a Tier 1 NMS Stock, all ETPs across multiple asset classes and issuers, including domestic equity, international equity, fixed income, currency, and commodities and futures will be identified. Leveraged ETPs will be excluded and the list will be sorted by notional consolidated average daily volume (“CADV”). The period used to measure CADV will be from the first day of the previous fiscal half year up until one week before the beginning of the next fiscal half year. Daily volumes will be multiplied by closing prices and then averaged over the period. ETPs, including inverse ETPs, that trade over $2,000,000 CADV will be eligible to be included as a Tier 1 NMS Stock. The semi-annual updates to Schedule 1 do not require an amendment to the Plan. The Primary Listing Exchanges will maintain the updated Schedule 1 on their respective Web sites.

(2) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price more than $3.00 shall be 5%.

(3) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price equal to $0.75 and up to and including $3.00 shall be 20%.

(4) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price less than $0.75 shall be the lesser of (a) $0.15 or (b) 75%.

(5) The Reference Price used for determining which Percentage Parameter shall be applicable during a trading day shall be based on the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange reported by the Processor.

II. Tier 2 NMS Stocks

(1) Tier 2 NMS Stocks shall include all NMS Stocks other than those in Tier 1, provided, however, that all rights and warrants are excluded from the Plan.

(2) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price more than $3.00 shall be 10%.

(3) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price equal to Start Printed Page 10336$0.75 and up to and including $3.00 shall be 20%.

(4) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price less than $0.75 shall be the lesser of (a) $0.15 or (b) 75%.

(5) Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Percentage Parameters for a Tier 2 NMS Stock that is a leveraged ETP shall be the applicable Percentage Parameter set forth in clauses (2), (3), or (4) above, multiplied by the leverage ratio of such product.

(6) The Reference Price used for determining which Percentage Parameter shall be applicable during a trading day shall be based on the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange reported by the Processor.

Appendix A—Schedule 1

(as of January 4, 2016)

TickerETP nameExchange
AAXJiShares MSCI All Country Asia ex Japan ETFNASDAQ
ACWIiShares MSCI ACWI ETFNASDAQ
ACWViShares MSCI All Country World Minimum Volatility ETFNYSE Arca
ACWXiShares MSCI ACWI ex US ETFNASDAQ
AGGiShares Core U.S. Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
AGZiShares Agency Bond ETFNYSE Arca
AMJJPMorgan Alerian MLP Index ETNNYSE Arca
AMLPAlerian MLP ETFNYSE Arca
AMUETRACS Alerian MLP Index ETNNYSE Arca
AOAiShares Core Aggressive Allocation ETFNYSE Arca
AOKiShares Core Conservative Allocation ETFNYSE Arca
AOMiShares Core Moderate Allocation ETFNYSE Arca
AORiShares Core Growth Allocation ETFNYSE Arca
ASHRDeutsche X-trackers Harvest CSI 300 China A-Shares ETFNYSE Arca
ASHSDeutsche X-trackers Harvest CSI 500 China A-Shares ETFNYSE Arca
ATMPBarclays ETN+ Select MLP ETNsNYSE Arca
BABPowerShares Build America Bond PortfolioNYSE Arca
BBHMarket Vectors Biotech ETFNYSE Arca
BILSPDR Barclays 1-3 Month T-BillNYSE Arca
BIVVanguard Intermediate-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BKLNPowerShares Senior Loan PortfolioNYSE Arca
BLVVanguard Long-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BNDVanguard Total Bond Market ETFNYSE Arca
BNDSSPDR Barclays Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BNDXVanguard Total International Bond ETFNASDAQ
BONDPIMCO Total Return Active Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca
BSCGGuggenheim BulletShares 2016 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSCHGuggenheim BulletShares 2017 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSCIGuggenheim BulletShares 2018 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSCJGuggenheim BulletShares 2019 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSCKGuggenheim BulletShares 2020 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSJFGuggenheim BulletShares 2015 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSJGGuggenheim BulletShares 2016 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSJHGuggenheim BulletShares 2017 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSJIGuggenheim BulletShares 2018 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSJJGuggenheim BulletShares 2019 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BSVVanguard Short-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca
BTALQuantShares US Market Neutral Anti-Beta FundNYSE Arca
BWXSPDR Barclays International Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CHADDirexion Daily CSI 300 China A Share Bear 1× SharesNYSE Arca
CIUiShares Intermediate Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CLYiShares 10+ Year Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CMBSiShares CMBS ETFNYSE Arca
CMFiShares California AMT-Free Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CNXTMarket Vectors China AMC SME-ChiNext ETFNYSE Arca
CORPPIMCO Investment Grade Corporate Bond Index Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca
CREDiShares Core US Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CSDGuggenheim Spin-Off ETFNYSE Arca
CSJiShares 1-3 Year Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
CSMProShares Large Cap Core PlusBATS
CVYGuggenheim Multi-Asset Income ETFNYSE Arca
CWBSPDR Barclays Convertible Securities ETFNYSE Arca
CWISPDR MSCI ACWI ex-US ETFNYSE Arca
DBAPowerShares DB Agriculture FundNYSE Arca
DBCPowerShares DB Commodity Index Tracking FundNYSE Arca
DBEFDeutsche X-trackers MSCI EAFE Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBEMDeutsche X-trackers MSCI Emerging Markets Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBEUDeutsche X-trackers MSCI Europe Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBGRDeutsche X-trackers MSCI Germany Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBJPDeutsche X-trackers MSCI Japan Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBKODeutsche X-trackers MSCI South Korea Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca
DBOPowerShares DB Oil FundNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10337
DEMWisdomTree Emerging Markets High Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DESWisdomTree SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DFEWisdomTree Europe SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DFJWisdomTree Japan SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DGROiShares Core Dividend Growth ETFNYSE Arca
DGRWWisdomTree U.S. Quality Dividend Growth FundNASDAQ
DGSWisdomTree Emerging Markets SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DHSWisdomTree High Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DIASPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF TrustNYSE Arca
DJPiPath Bloomberg Commodity Index Total Return ETNNYSE Arca
DLNWisdomTree LargeCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DLSWisdomTree International SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DOGProShares Short Dow30NYSE Arca
DOLWisdomTree International LargeCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DONWisdomTree MidCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DSIiShares MSCI KLD 400 Social ETFNYSE Arca
DTDWisdomTree Total Dividend FundNYSE Arca
DTNWisdomTree Dividend Ex-Financials FundNYSE Arca
DVYiShares Select Dividend ETFNYSE Arca
DWASPowerShares DWA SmallCap Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
DWMWisdomTree International Equity FundNYSE Arca
DWTRPowerShares DWA Tactical Sector Rotation PortfolioNASDAQ
DWXSPDR S&P International Dividend ETFNYSE Arca
DXGEWisdomTree Germany Hedged Equity FundNASDAQ
DXJWisdomTree Japan Hedged Equity FundNYSE Arca
DXJSWisdomTree Japan Hedged SmallCap Equity FundNASDAQ
ECHiShares MSCI Chile Capped ETFNYSE Arca
ECONEGShares Emerging Markets Consumer ETFNYSE Arca
EDIVSPDR S&P Emerging Markets Dividend ETFNYSE Arca
EDVVanguard Extended Duration Treasury ETFNYSE Arca
EELVPowerShares S&P Emerging Markets Low Volatility PortfolioNYSE Arca
EEMiShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca
EEMAiShares MSCI Emerging Markets Asia ETFNASDAQ
EEMSiShares MSCI Emerging Markets Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
EEMViShares MSCI Emerging Markets Minimum Volatility ETF/DupNYSE Arca
EFAiShares MSCI EAFE ETFNYSE Arca
EFAViShares MSCI EAFE Minimum Volatility ETFNYSE Arca
EFGiShares MSCI EAFE Growth ETFNYSE Arca
EFViShares MSCI EAFE Value ETFNYSE Arca
EFZProShares Short MSCI EAFENYSE Arca
EIDOiShares MSCI Indonesia ETFNYSE Arca
EIRLiShares MSCI Ireland Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EISiShares MSCI Israel Capped ETFNYSE Arca
ELDWisdomTree Emerging Markets Local Debt FundNYSE Arca
EMBiShares JP Morgan USD Emerging Markets Bond ETFNYSE Arca
EMHYiShares Emerging Markets High Yield Bond ETFBATS
EMLCMarket Vectors J.P. Morgan EM Local Currency Bond ETFNYSE Arca
EMLPFirst Trust North American Energy Infrastructure FundNYSE Arca
EPHEiShares MSCI Philippines ETFNYSE Arca
EPIWisdomTree India Earnings FundNYSE Arca
EPOLiShares MSCI Poland Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EPPiShares MSCI Pacific ex Japan ETFNYSE Arca
EPUiShares MSCI All Peru Capped ETFNYSE Arca
ERUSiShares MSCI Russia Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EUFNiShares MSCI Europe Financials ETFNASDAQ
EUMProShares Short MSCI Emerging MarketsNYSE Arca
EUSCWisdomtree Europe Hedged SmallCap Equity FundNYSE Arca
EWAiShares MSCI Australia ETFNYSE Arca
EWCiShares MSCI Canada ETFNYSE Arca
EWDiShares MSCI Sweden ETFNYSE Arca
EWGiShares MSCI Germany ETFNYSE Arca
EWHiShares MSCI Hong Kong ETFNYSE Arca
EWIiShares MSCI Italy Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWJiShares MSCI Japan ETFNYSE Arca
EWKiShares MSCI Belgium Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWLiShares MSCI Switzerland Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWMiShares MSCI Malaysia ETFNYSE Arca
EWNiShares MSCI Netherlands ETFNYSE Arca
EWPiShares MSCI Spain Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWQiShares MSCI France ETFNYSE Arca
EWSiShares MSCI Singapore ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10338
EWTiShares MSCI Taiwan ETFNYSE Arca
EWUiShares MSCI United Kingdom ETFNYSE Arca
EWWiShares MSCI Mexico Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWXSPDR S&P Emerging Markets SmallCap ETFNYSE Arca
EWYiShares MSCI South Korea Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EWZiShares MSCI Brazil Capped ETFNYSE Arca
EZAiShares MSCI South Africa ETFNYSE Arca
EZMWisdomTree MidCap Earnings FundNYSE Arca
EZUiShares MSCI Eurozone ETFNYSE Arca
FBTFirst Trust NYSE Arca Biotechnology Index FundNYSE Arca
FCGFirst Trust ISE-Revere Natural Gas Index FundNYSE Arca
FDISFidelity MSCI Consumer Discretionary Index ETFNYSE Arca
FDLFirst Trust Morningstar Dividend Leaders IndexNYSE Arca
FDNFirst Trust Dow Jones Internet Index FundNYSE Arca
FEMFirst Trust Emerging Markets AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ
FENYFidelity MSCI Energy Index ETFNYSE Arca
FEPFirst Trust Europe AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ
FEXFirst Trust Large Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FEZSPDR EURO STOXX 50 ETFNYSE Arca
FGDFirst Trust DJ Global Select Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca
FHLCFidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETFNYSE Arca
FIDUFidelity MSCI Industrials Index ETFNYSE Arca
FJPFirst Trust Japan AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ
FKUFirst Trust United Kingdom AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ
FLOTiShares Floating Rate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
FLTBFidelity Ltd Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca
FMiShares MSCI Frontier 100 ETF JDRNYSE Arca
FMATFidelity MSCI Materials Index ETFNYSE Arca
FNCLFidelity MSCI Financials Index ETFNYSE Arca
FNDASchwab Fundamental U.S. Small Company IndexNYSE Arca
FNDCSchwab Fundamental International Small Cap Company indexNYSE Arca
FNDESchwab Fundamental Emerging Markets Large Company Index ETFNYSE Arca
FNDFSchwab Fundamental International Large Company IndexNYSE Arca
FNDXSchwab Fundamental U.S. Large Company IndexNYSE Arca
FNXFirst Trust Mid Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FPEFirst Trust Preferred Securities and Income ETFNYSE Arca
FPXFirst Trust US IPO Index FundNYSE Arca
FSTAFidelity MSCI Consumer Staples Index ETFNYSE Arca
FTAFirst Trust Large Cap Value AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FTCFirst Trust Large Cap Growth AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FTECFidelity MSCI Information Technology Index ETFNYSE Arca
FTGCFirst Trust Global Tactical Commodity Strategy FundNASDAQ
FTSLFirst Trust Senior Loan ETFNASDAQ
FTSMFirst Trust Enhanced Short Maturity ETFNASDAQ
FUTYFidelity MSCI Utilities Index ETFNYSE Arca
FVFirst Trust Dorsey Wright Focus 5 ETFNASDAQ
FVDFirst Trust Value Line Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca
FXACurrencyShares Australian Dollar TrustNYSE Arca
FXBCurrencyShares British Pound Sterling TrustNYSE Arca
FXCCurrencyShares Canadian Dollar TrustNYSE Arca
FXDFirst Trust Consumer Discretionary AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXECurrencyShares Euro TrustNYSE Arca
FXGFirst Trust Consumer Staples AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXHFirst Trust Health Care AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXIiShares China Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
FXLFirst Trust Technology AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXNFirst Trust Energy AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXOFirst Trust Financial AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXRFirst Trust Industrials/Producer Durables AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXUFirst Trust Utilities AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FXYCurrencyShares Japanese Yen TrustNYSE Arca
FXZFirst Trust Materials AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
FYXFirst Trust Small Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca
GBFiShares Government/Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
GDXMarket Vectors Gold Miners ETFNYSE Arca
GDXJMarket Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETFNYSE Arca
GEMGoldman Sachs ActiveBeta Emerging Markets Equity ETFNYSE Arca
GLDSPDR Gold SharesNYSE Arca
GMFSPDR S&P Emerging Asia Pacific ETFNYSE Arca
GMMSPDR S&P Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca
GNRSPDR S&P Global Natural Resources ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10339
GOVTiShares Core US Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
GREKGlobal X FTSE Greece 20 ETFNYSE Arca
GSGiShares S&P GSCI Commodity Indexed TrustNYSE Arca
GSLCGoldman Sachs ActiveBeta U.S. Large Cap Equity ETFNYSE Arca
GSYGuggenheim Enhanced Short Duration ETFNYSE Arca
GUNRFlexShares Global Upstream Natural Resources Index FundNYSE Arca
GVIiShares Intermediate Government/Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca
GWLSPDR S&P World ex-US ETFNYSE Arca
GWXSPDR S&P International Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca
GXCSPDR S&P China ETFNYSE Arca
GYLDArrow Dow Jones Global Yield ETFNYSE Arca
HACKPureFunds ISE Cyber Security ETFNYSE Arca
HAOGuggenheim China Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca
HDGEAdvisorShares Ranger Equity Bear ETFNYSE Arca
HDViShares High Dividend ETF JDRNYSE Arca
HEDJWisdomTree Europe Hedged Equity FundNYSE Arca
HEEMiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca
HEFAiShares Currency Hedged MSCI EAFE ETFNYSE Arca
HEWGiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Germany ETFNYSE Arca
HEWJiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Japan ETFNYSE Arca
HEZUiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Eurozone ETFNYSE Arca
HYDMarket Vectors High Yield Municipal Index ETFNYSE Arca
HYEMMarket Vectors Emerging High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca
HYGiShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
HYLDPeritus High Yield ETFNYSE Arca
HYLSFirst Trust Exchange-Traded Fund IV First Trust Tactical High Yield ETFNASDAQ
HYMBSPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca
HYSPIMCO 0-5 Year High Yield Corporate Bond Index Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca
IAGGiShares International Aggregate Bond FundBATS
IAIiShares U.S. Broker-Dealers & Securities Exchanges ETFNYSE Arca
IATiShares US Regional Banks ETFNYSE Arca
IAUiShares Gold TrustNYSE Arca
IBBiShares Nasdaq Biotechnology ETFNASDAQ
ICFiShares Cohen & Steers REIT ETFNYSE Arca
IDLBPowerShares FTSE International Low Beta Equal Weight PortfolioNASDAQ
IDLVPowerShares S&P International Developed Low Volatility PortfolioNYSE Arca
IDUiShares US Utilities ETFNYSE Arca
IDViShares International Select Dividend ETFNYSE Arca
IEFiShares 7-10 Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
IEFAiShares Core MSCI EAFE ETFNYSE Arca
IEIiShares 3-7 Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
IEMGiShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF JDRNYSE Arca
IEOiShares U.S. Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETFNYSE Arca
IEURiShares Core MSCI Europe ETFNYSE Arca
IEViShares Europe ETFNYSE Arca
IEZiShares U.S. Oil Equipment & Services ETFNYSE Arca
IFGLiShares International Developed Real Estate ETFNASDAQ
IFVFirst Trust Dorsey Wright International Focus 5 ETFNASDAQ
IGEiShares North American Natural Resources ETFNYSE Arca
IGFiShares Global Infrastructure ETFNYSE Arca
IGMiShares North American Tech ETFNYSE Arca
IGOViShares International Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ
IGViShares North American Tech-Software ETFNYSE Arca
IHDGWisdomTree International Hedged Quality Dividend Growth FundNYSE Arca
IHEiShares US Pharmaceuticals ETFNYSE Arca
IHFiShares U.S. Healthcare Providers ETFNYSE Arca
IHIiShares U.S. Medical Devices ETFNYSE Arca
IJHiShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
IJJiShares S&P Mid-Cap 400 Value ETFNYSE Arca
IJKiShares S&P Mid-Cap 400 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IJRiShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
IJSiShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Value ETFNYSE Arca
IJTiShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
ILFiShares Latin America 40 ETFNYSE Arca
IMLPiPath S&P MLP ETNNYSE Arca
INDAiShares MSCI India ETFBATS
INDYiShares India 50 ETFNASDAQ
IOOiShares Global 100 ETFNYSE Arca
IPACiShares Core MSCI Pacific ETFNYSE Arca
IQDFFlexShares International Quality Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca
ISTBiShares Core 1-5 Year USD Bond ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10340
ITAiShares US Aerospace & Defense ETFNYSE Arca
ITBiShares U.S. Home Construction ETFNYSE Arca
ITESPDR Barclays Intermediate Term Treasury ETFNYSE Arca
ITMMarket Vectors Intermediate Municipal ETFNYSE Arca
ITOTiShares Core S&P Total US Stock Market ETFNYSE Arca
ITRSPDR Barclays Intermediate Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
IUSGiShares Core US Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IUSViShares Core US Value ETFNYSE Arca
IVEiShares S&P 500 Value ETFNYSE Arca
IVViShares Core S&P 500 ETFNYSE Arca
IVWiShares S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IWBiShares Russell 1000 ETFNYSE Arca
IWCiShares Micro-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
IWDiShares Russell 1000 Value ETFNYSE Arca
IWFiShares Russell 1000 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IWMiShares Russell 2000 ETFNYSE Arca
IWNiShares Russell 2000 Value ETFNYSE Arca
IWOiShares Russell 2000 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IWPiShares Russell Mid-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IWRiShares Russell Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
IWSiShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca
IWViShares Russell 3000 ETFNYSE Arca
IWYiShares Russell Top 200 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
IXCiShares Global Energy ETFNYSE Arca
IXGiShares Global Financials ETFNYSE Arca
IXJiShares Global Healthcare ETFNYSE Arca
IXNiShares Global Tech ETFNYSE Arca
IXPiShares Global Telecom ETFNYSE Arca
IXUSiShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETFNYSE Arca
IYCiShares U.S. Consumer Services ETFNYSE Arca
IYEiShares U.S. Energy ETFNYSE Arca
IYFiShares US Financials ETFNYSE Arca
IYGiShares U.S. Financial Services ETFNYSE Arca
IYHiShares U.S. Healthcare ETFNYSE Arca
IYJiShares U.S. Industrials ETFNYSE Arca
IYKiShares US Consumer Goods ETFNYSE Arca
IYMiShares U.S. Basic Materials ETFNYSE Arca
IYRiShares U.S. Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca
IYTiShares Transportation Average ETFNYSE Arca
IYWiShares US Technology ETFNYSE Arca
IYYiShares Dow Jones U.S. ETFNYSE Arca
IYZiShares US Telecommunications ETFNYSE Arca
JKDiShares Morningstar Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
JKEiShares Morningstar Large-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
JKGiShares Morningstar Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
JNKSPDR Barclays High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca
JOiPath Bloomberg Coffee Subindex Total Return ETNNYSE Arca
KBESPDR S&P Bank ETFNYSE Arca
KBWBPowerShares KBW Bank PortfolioNYSE Arca
KIESPDR S&P Insurance ETFNYSE Arca
KRESPDR S&P Regional Banking ETFNYSE Arca
KWEBKraneShares CSI China Internet ETFNASDAQ
KXIiShares Global Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca
LEMBiShares Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond ETFNYSE Arca
LQDiShares iBoxx $ Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
LWCSPDR Barclays Long Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
MBBiShares MBS ETFNYSE Arca
MCHIiShares MSCI China ETFNYSE Arca
MDIVFirst Trust Multi-Asset Diversified Income Index FundNASDAQ
MDYSPDR S&P MidCap 400 ETF TrustNYSE Arca
MDYGSPDR S&P 400 Mid CapGrowth ETFNYSE Arca
MGCVanguard Mega Cap ETFNYSE Arca
MGKVanguard Mega Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
MGVVanguard Mega Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca
MINTPIMCO Enhanced Short Maturity Active Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca
MLPAGlobal X MLP ETFNYSE Arca
MLPIETRACS Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index ETNNYSE Arca
MLPNCredit Suisse X-Links Cushing MLP Infrastructure ETNs due April 20, 2020NYSE Arca
MLPXGlobal X MLP & Energy Infrastructure ETFNYSE Arca
MOATMarket Vectors Morningstar Wide Moat ETFNYSE Arca
MOOMarket Vectors Agribusiness ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10341
MTUMiShares MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETFNYSE Arca
MUBiShares National AMT-Free Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca
MXIiShares Global Materials ETFNYSE Arca
NANRSPDR S&P North American Natural Resources ETFNYSE Arca
NEARiShares Short Maturity Bond ETFBATS
NFLTVirtus Newfleet Multi-Sector Unconstrained Bond ETFNYSE Arca
NFRAFlexShares STOXX Global Broad Infrastructure Index FundNYSE Arca
NOBLProShares S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats ETFNYSE Arca
OEFiShares S&P 100 ETFJDRNYSE Arca
OIHMarket Vectors Oil Service ETFNYSE Arca
OILiPath Goldman Sachs Crude Oil Total Return Index ETNNYSE Arca
ONEOSPDR Russell 1000 Momentum Focus ETFNYSE Arca
ONEQFidelity NASDAQ Composite Index Tracking Stock ETFNASDAQ
ONEVSPDR Russell 1000 Low Volatility Focus ETFNYSE Arca
ONEYSPDR Russell 1000 Yield Focus ETFNYSE Arca
PALLETFS Physical Palladium SharesNYSE Arca
PBEPowershares Dynamic Biotechnology & Genome PortfolioNYSE Arca
PBJPowershares Dynamic Food & Beverage PortfolioNYSE Arca
PBPPowerShares S&P 500 BuyWrite PortfolioNYSE Arca
PCEFPowerShares CEF Income Composite PortfolioNYSE Arca
PCYPowerShares Emerging Markets Sovereign Debt PortfolioNYSE Arca
PDPPowerShares DWA Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PEKMarket Vectors ChinaAMC A-Share ETFNYSE Arca
PEYPowerShares High Yield Equity Dividend Achievers PortfolioNYSE Arca
PEZPowerShares DWA Consumer Cyclicals Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PFFiShares US Preferred Stock ETFNYSE Arca
PGFPowerShares Financial Preferred PortfolioNYSE Arca
PGXPowerShares Preferred PortfolioNYSE Arca
PHBPowerShares Fundamental High Yield Corporate Bond PortfolioNYSE Arca
PHDGPowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged PortfolioNYSE Arca
PHOPowerShares Water Resources PortfolioNYSE Arca
PHYSSprott Physical Gold TrustNYSE Arca
PIDPowerShares International Dividend Achievers PortfolioNYSE Arca
PIEPowerShares DWA Emerging Markets Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PINPowerShares India PortfolioNYSE Arca
PIZPowerShares DWA Developed Markets Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PJPPowershares Dynamic Pharmaceuticals PortfolioNYSE Arca
PKWPowerShares Buyback Achievers PortfolioNYSE Arca
PLWPowerShares 1-30 Laddered Treasury PortfolioNYSE Arca
PNQIPowerShares NASDAQ Internet PortfolioNASDAQ
PPHMarket Vectors Pharmaceutical ETFNYSE Arca
PPLTETFS Physical Platinum SharesNYSE Arca
PRFPowershares FTSE RAFI US 1000 PortfolioNYSE Arca
PRFZPowerShares FTSE RAFI US 1500 Small-Mid PortfolioNASDAQ
PRNPowerShares Dynamic Industrials Sector PortfolioNYSE Arca
PSCHPowerShares S&P SmallCap Health Care PortfolioNASDAQ
PSCTPowerShares S&P SmallCap Information Technology PortfolioNASDAQ
PSKSPDR Wells Fargo Preferred Stock ETFNYSE Arca
PSLPowerShares DWA Consumer Staples Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PSLVSprott Physical Silver TrustNYSE Arca
PSPPowerShares Global Listed Private Equity PortfolioNYSE Arca
PSQProShares Short QQQNYSE Arca
PTFPowerShares DWA Technology Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PTHPowerShares DWA Healthcare Momentum PortfolioNYSE Arca
PTLCPacer Trendpilot 750 ETFBATS
PWVPowerShares Dynamic Large Cap Value PortfolioNYSE Arca
PXFPowerShares FTSE RAFI Developed Markets ex-U.S. PortfolioNYSE Arca
PXHPowerShares FTSE RAFI Emerging Markets PortfolioNYSE Arca
PZAPowerShares National AMT-Free Municipal Bond PortfolioNYSE Arca
QABAFirst Trust NASDAQ ABA Community Bank Index FundNASDAQ
QAIIndexIQ ETF Trust—IQ Hedge Multi-Strategy Tracker ETFNYSE Arca
QDFFlexShares Quality Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca
QLTAiShares Aaa—A Rated Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
QQEWFirst Trust NASDAQ-100 Equal Weighted Index FundNASDAQ
QQQPowershares QQQ Trust Series 1NASDAQ
QUALiShares MSCI USA Quality Factor ETFNYSE Arca
RCDGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Consumer Discretionary ETFNYSE Arca
REMiShares Mortgage Real Estate Capped ETFNYSE Arca
REZiShares Residential Real Estate Capped ETFNYSE Arca
RFGGuggenheim S&P Midcap 400 Pure Growth ETFNYSE Arca
RHSGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10342
RIGSRiverfront Strategic Income FundNYSE Arca
RJIELEMENTS Linked to the Rogers International Commodity Index—Total ReturnNYSE Arca
RPGGuggenheim S&P 500 Pure Growth ETFNYSE Arca
RPVGuggenheim S&P 500 Pure Value ETFNYSE Arca
RSPGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight ETFNYSE Arca
RSXMarket Vectors Russia ETFNYSE Arca
RTHMarket Vectors Retail ETFNYSE Arca
RWMProShares Short Russell 2000NYSE Arca
RWOSPDR Dow Jones Global Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca
RWRSPDR Dow Jones REIT ETFNYSE Arca
RWXSPDR Dow Jones International Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca
RXIiShares Global Consumer Discretionary ETFNYSE Arca
RYEGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Energy ETFNYSE Arca
RYFGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Financials ETFNYSE Arca
RYHGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Healthcare ETFNYSE Arca
RYTGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Technology ETFNYSE Arca
RZGGuggenheim S&P Smallcap 600 Pure Growth ETFNYSE Arca
SBIOALPS Medical Breakthroughs ETFNYSE Arca
SCHASchwab US Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
SCHBSchwab US Broad Market ETFNYSE Arca
SCHCSchwab International Small-Cap Equity ETFNYSE Arca
SCHDSchwab US Dividend Equity ETFNYSE Arca
SCHESchwab Emerging Markets Equity ETFNYSE Arca
SCHFSchwab International Equity ETFNYSE Arca
SCHGSchwab U.S. Large-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
SCHHSchwab U.S. REIT ETFNYSE Arca
SCHMSchwab U.S. Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
SCHOSchwab Short-Term U.S. Treasury ETFNYSE Arca
SCHPSchwab US TIPs ETFNYSE Arca
SCHRSchwab Intermediate-Term U.S. Treasury ETFNYSE Arca
SCHVSchwab U.S. Large-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca
SCHXSchwab US Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
SCHZSchwab U.S. Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SCIFMarket Vectors India Small-Cap Index ETFNYSE Arca
SCJiShares MSCI Japan Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
SCPBSPDR Barclays Short Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SCZiShares MSCI EAFE Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
SDIVGlobal X SuperDividend ETFNYSE Arca
SDOGALPS Sector Dividend Dogs ETFNYSE Arca
SDYSPDR S&P Dividend ETFNYSE Arca
SGOLETFS Physical Swiss Gold SharesNYSE Arca
SHProShares Short S&P500NYSE Arca
SHMSPDR Nuveen Barclays Short Term Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SHViShares Short Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SHYiShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SHYGiShares 0-5 Year High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SJBProShares Short High YieldNYSE Arca
SJNKSPDR Barclays Short Term High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SKYYFirst Trust ISE Cloud Computing Index FundNASDAQ
SLViShares Silver TrustNYSE Arca
SLYGSPDR S&P 600 Small Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
SLYVSPDR S&P 600 Small CapValue ETFNYSE Arca
SMHMarket Vectors Semiconductor ETFNYSE Arca
SNLNHighland/iBoxx Senior Loan ETFNYSE Arca
SOXXiShares PHLX Semiconductor ETFNASDAQ
SPHDPowerShares S&P 500 High Dividend Low Volatility PortfolioNYSE Arca
SPHQPowerShares S&P 500 High Quality PortfolioNYSE Arca
SPLVPowerShares S&P 500 Low Volatility PortfolioNYSE Arca
SPYSPDR S&P 500 ETF TrustNYSE Arca
SPYGSPDR S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
SPYXSPDR S&P 500 Fossil Fuel Free ETFNYSE Arca
SRLNSPDR Blackstone/GSO Senior Loan ETFNYSE Arca
STIPiShares 0-5 Year TIPS Bond ETFNYSE Arca
STPZPIMCO 1-5 Year U.S. TIPS Index Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca
SUBiShares Short-Term National AMT-Free Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca
SVXYProShares Short VIX Short-Term Futures ETFNYSE Arca
TANGuggenheim Solar ETFNYSE Arca
TBFProShares Short 20+ Year TreasuryNYSE Arca
TDIVFirst Trust NASDAQ Technology Dividend Index FundNASDAQ
TDTTFlexShares iBoxx 3-Year Target Duration TIPS Index FundNYSE Arca
TFISPDR Nuveen Barclays Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10343
THDiShares MSCI Thailand Capped ETFNYSE Arca
TIPiShares TIPS Bond ETFNYSE Arca
TLHiShares 10-20 Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
TLOSPDR Barclays Long Term Treasury ETFNYSE Arca
TLTiShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca
TLTDFlexShares Morningstar Developed Markets ex-US Factor Tilt Index FundNYSE Arca
TLTEFlexShares Morningstar Emerging Markets Factor Tilt Index FundNYSE Arca
TOTLSPDR Doubleline Total Return Tactical ETFNYSE Arca
TURiShares MSCI Turkey ETFNYSE Arca
UNGUnited States Natural Gas Fund LPNYSE Arca
URTHiShares MSCI World ETFNYSE Arca
USCIUnited States Commodity Index FundNYSE Arca
USDUWisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish FundNYSE Arca
USLBPowerShares Russell Low Beta Equal Weight PortfolioNASDAQ
USMViShares MSCI USA Minimum Volatility ETFNYSE Arca
USOUnited States Oil Fund LPNYSE Arca
UUPPowerShares DB US Dollar Index Bullish FundNYSE Arca
VAWVanguard Materials ETFNYSE Arca
VBVanguard Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
VBKVanguard Small-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
VBRVanguard Small-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca
VCITVanguard Intermediate-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ
VCLTVanguard Long-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ
VCRVanguard Consumer Discretionary ETFNYSE Arca
VCSHVanguard Short-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ
VDCVanguard Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca
VDEVanguard Energy ETFNYSE Arca
VEAVanguard FTSE Developed Markets ETFNYSE Arca
VEUVanguard FTSE All-World ex-US ETFNYSE Arca
VFHVanguard Financials ETFNYSE Arca
VGITVanguard Intermediate-Term Government Bond ETFNASDAQ
VGKVanguard FTSE Europe ETFNYSE Arca
VGLTVanguard Long-Term Government Bond ETFNASDAQ
VGSHVanguard Short-Term Government Bond ETFNASDAQ
VGTVanguard Information Technology ETFNYSE Arca
VHTVanguard Health Care ETFNYSE Arca
VIDIVident International Equity FundNASDAQ
VIGVanguard Dividend Appreciation ETFNYSE Arca
VIIXVelocityShares VIX Short Term ETNNASDAQ
VISVanguard Industrials ETFNYSE Arca
VIXYProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETFNYSE Arca
VMBSVanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities ETFNASDAQ
VNMMarket Vectors Vietnam ETFNYSE Arca
VNQVanguard REIT ETFNYSE Arca
VNQIVanguard Global ex-U.S. Real Estate ETFNASDAQ
VOVanguard Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
VOEVanguard Mid-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca
VONEVanguard Russell 1000NASDAQ
VONGVanguard Russell 1000 Growth ETFNASDAQ
VONVVanguard Russell 1000 ValueNASDAQ
VOOVanguard S&P 500 ETFNYSE Arca
VOOGVanguard S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca
VOTVanguard Mid-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca
VOXVanguard Telecommunication Services ETFNYSE Arca
VPLVanguard FTSE Pacific ETFNYSE Arca
VPUVanguard Utilities ETFNYSE Arca
VQTBarclays ETN+ ETNs Linked to the S&P 500 Dynamic VEQTORTM Total Return IndexNYSE Arca
VRPPowerShares Variable Rate Preferred PortfolioNYSE Arca
VSSVanguard FTSE All World ex-US Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
VTVanguard Total World Stock ETFNYSE Arca
VTEBVanguard Tax-Exempt Bond Index ETFNYSE Arca
VTIVanguard Total Stock Market ETFNYSE Arca
VTIPVanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities ETFNASDAQ
VTVVanguard Value ETFNYSE Arca
VTWOVanguard Russell 2000NASDAQ
VUGVanguard Growth ETFNYSE Arca
VUSEVident Core US Equity ETFNASDAQ
VVVanguard Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca
VWOVanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca
VWOBVanguard Emerging Markets Government Bond ETFNASDAQ
VXFVanguard Extended Market ETFNYSE Arca
Start Printed Page 10344
VXUSVanguard Total International Stock ETFNASDAQ
VXXiPATH S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures ETNNYSE Arca
VXZiPATH S&P 500 VIX Mid-Term Futures ETNNYSE Arca
VYMVanguard High Dividend Yield ETFNYSE Arca
WIPSPDR DB International Government Inflation-Protected Bond ETFNYSE Arca
XBISPDR S&P Biotech ETFNYSE Arca
XESSPDR S&P Oil & Gas Equipment & Services ETFNYSE Arca
XHBSPDR S&P Homebuilders ETFNYSE Arca
XHSSPDR S&P Health Care Services ETFNYSE Arca
XIVVelocityShares Daily Inverse VIX Short Term ETNNASDAQ
XLBMaterials Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLEEnergy Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLFFinancial Select Sectorl SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLGGuggenheim Russell Top 50 Mega Cap ETFNYSE Arca
XLIIndustrial Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLKTechnology Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLPConsumer Staples Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLUUtilities Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLVHealth Care Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XLYConsumer Discretionary Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca
XMESPDR S&P Metals & Mining ETFNYSE Arca
XOPSPDR S&P Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETFNYSE Arca
XPHSPDR S&P Pharmaceuticals ETFNYSE Arca
XRTSPDR S&P Retail ETFNYSE Arca
XSDSPDR S&P Semiconductor ETFNYSE Arca
XTNSPDR S&P Transportation ETFNYSE Arca
ZIVVelocityShares Daily Inverse VIX Medium Term ETNNASDAQ
ZROZPIMCO 25+ Year Zero Coupon U.S. Treasury Index Exchange-Traded FundNYSE Arca

Appendix B—Data

Unless otherwise specified, the following data shall be collected and transmitted to the SEC in an agreed-upon format on a monthly basis, to be provided 30 calendar days following month end. Unless otherwise specified, the Primary Listing Exchanges shall be responsible for collecting and transmitting the data to the SEC. Data collected in connection with Sections II(E)—(G) below shall be transmitted to the SEC with a request for confidential treatment under the Freedom of Information Act. 5 U.S.C. 552, and the SEC's rules and regulations thereunder.

I. Summary Statistics

A. Frequency with which NMS Stocks enter a Limit State. Such summary data shall be broken down as follows:

1. Partition stocks by category

a. Tier 1 non-ETP issues > $3.00

b. Tier 1 non-ETP issues >= $0.75 and <=$3.00

c. Tier 1 non-ETP issues < $0.75

d. Tier 1 non-leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

e. Tier 1 leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

f. Tier 2 non-ETPs in each of above categories

g. Tier 2 non-leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

h. Tier 2 leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

2. Partition by time of day

a. Opening (prior to 9:45 a.m. ET)

b. Regular (between 9:45 a.m. ET and 3:35 p.m. ET)

c. Closing (after 3:35 p.m. ET)

d. Within five minutes of a Trading Pause re-open or IPO open

3. Track reasons for entering a Limit State, such as:

a. Liquidity gap -price reverts from a Limit State Quotation and returns to trading within the Price Bands

b. Broken trades

c. Primary Listing Exchange manually declares a Trading Pause pursuant to Section (VII)(2) of the Plan

d. Other

B. Determine (1), (2) and (3) for when a Trading Pause has been declared for an NMS Stock pursuant to the Plan.

II. Raw Data (all Participants, except A-E, which are for the Primary Listing Exchanges only)

A. Record of every Straddle State.

1. Ticker, date, time entered, time exited, flag for ending with Limit State, flag for ending with manual override.

2. Pipe delimited with field names as first record.

B. Record of every Price Band

1. Ticker, date, time at beginning of Price Band, Upper Price Band, Lower Price Band

2. Pipe delimited with field names as first record

C. Record of every Limit State

1. Ticker, date, time entered, time exited, flag for halt

2. Pipe delimited with field names as first record

D. Record of every Trading Pause or halt

1. Ticker, date, time entered, time exited, type of halt (i.e., regulatory halt, non-regulatory halt, Trading Pause pursuant to the Plan, other)

2. Pipe delimited with field names as first record

E. Data set or orders entered into reopening auctions during halts or Trading Pauses

1. Arrivals, Changes, Cancels, # shares, limit/market, side, Limit State side

2. Pipe delimited with field name as first record

F. Data set of order events received during Limit States

G. Summary data on order flow of arrivals and cancellations for each 15-second period for discrete time periods and sample stocks to be determined by the SEC in subsequent data requests. Must indicate side(s) of Limit State.

1. Market/marketable sell orders arrivals and executions

a. Count

b. Shares

c. Shares executed

2. Market/marketable buy orders arrivals and executions

a. Count

b. Shares

c. Shares executed

3. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit sell orders above NBBO mid-point

4. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit sell orders at or below NBBO mid-point (non-marketable)

5. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit buy orders at or above NBBO mid-point (non-marketable)

6. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit buy orders below NBBO mid-pointStart Printed Page 10345

7. Count and volume arriving of limit sell orders priced at or above NBBO mid-point plus $0.05

8. Count and volume arriving of limit buy orders priced at or below NBBO mid-point minus $0.05

9. Count and volume of (3-8) for cancels

10. Include: ticker, date, time at start, time of Limit State, all data item fields in 1, last sale prior to 15-second period (null if no trades today), range during 15-second period, last trade during 15-second period

III. On May 28, 2015, Participants provided to the SEC a supplemental joint assessment relating to the impact of the Plan and calibration of the Percentage Parameters as follows:

A. Assess the statistical and economic impact on liquidity of approaching Price Bands.

B. Assess the statistical and economic impact of the Price Bands on erroneous trades.

C. Assess the statistical and economic impact of the appropriateness of the Percentage Parameters used for the Price Bands.

D. Assess whether the Limit State is the appropriate length to allow for liquidity replenishment when a Limit State is reached because of a temporary liquidity gap.

E. Evaluate concerns from the options markets regarding the statistical and economic impact of Limit States on liquidity and market quality in the options markets. (Participants that operate options exchange should also prepare such assessment reports.)

F. Assess whether the process for entering a Limit State should be adjusted and whether Straddle States are problematic.

G. Assess whether the process for exiting a Limit State should be adjusted.

H. Assess whether the Trading Pauses are too long or short and whether the reopening procedures should be adjusted.

End Preamble

Footnotes

1.  On May 31, 2012, the Commission approved the Plan, as modified by Amendment No. 1. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67091, 77 FR 33498 (Jun. 6, 2012) (File No. 4-631) (“Approval Order”). On February 26, 2013, the Commission published for immediate effectiveness the Second Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68953 (Feb. 20, 2013), 78 FR 13113. On April 3, 2013, the Commission approved the Third Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 69287, 78 FR 21483 (Apr. 10, 2013). On September 3, 2013, the Commission published for immediate effectiveness the Fourth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 70273 (Aug. 27, 2013), 78 FR 54321 (Fourth Amendment). On September 26, 2013, the Commission approved the Fifth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 70530, 78 FR 60937 (Oct. 2, 2013). On January 13, 2014, the Commission published for immediate effective the Sixth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 71247 (Jan. 7, 2014), 79 FR 2204 (Sixth Amendment). On April 3, 2014, the Commission approved the Seventh Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 71851, 79 FR 19687 (Apr. 9, 2014). On February 19, 2015, the Commission approved the Eight Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 74323, 80 FR 10169 (Feb. 25, 2015). On October 22, 2015, the Commission approved the Ninth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 76244, 80 FR 66099 (Oct. 28, 2015).

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4.  See Letter from Paul Roland, Principal, U.S. Equities, Nasdaq, to Brent Fields, Secretary, Commission, dated February 18, 2016. (“Transmittal Letter”). This February letter replaces and supersedes, in its entirety, the letter dated October 22, 2015 from Christopher B. Stone, FINRA, to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, SEC, (proposing a tenth amendment to the Plan).

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6.  See 17 CFR 242.608(a)(4) and (a)(5).

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7.  See Transmittal Letter, supra note 4.

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8.  Unless otherwise specified, the terms used herein have the same meaning as set forth in the Plan.

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9.  See Section VIII of the Plan.

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10.  See supra note 1.

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11.  See id.

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12.  See id.

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13.  See Letter from Christopher B. Stone, Vice President, FINRA, to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, SEC, dated May 28, 2015 and accompanying Supplemental Joint Assessment, prepared by Professor James Angel (the “Supplemental Joint Assessment” or “Angel Report”). This report is available for public viewing at http://www.sec.gov/​comments/​4-631/​4-631.shtml.

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14.  See Joint SROs letter to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, SEC, dated September 29, 2014 (“Participant Impact Assessment”).

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15.  See supra note 13.

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16.  See Letter from Stephen Luparello, Director, Division of Trading Markets, to Christopher B. Stone, Chairman of the Plan Operating Committee, dated August 14, 2015 (“Luparello Letter”).

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17.  See Luparello Letter.

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18.  All times refer to Eastern Standard Time unless otherwise noted.

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19.  NYSE MKT lists one Tier 1 security. Five of BATS' ETPs are categorized as Tier 1. All BATS-listed securities are ETPs.

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20.  While other markets may resume trading after 10 minutes, most markets wait until the Primary Listing Exchange has reopened.

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21.  If such trade or quote has not occurred by 9:35 a.m., the open reference price for the trading day is the arithmetic mean price of eligible reported transactions for such security over the preceding five minute time period.

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22.  See Approval Order, supra note 1.

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23.  Analysis and graph provided by Professor James J. Angel.

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24.  See Angel Report, Section V: The Opening Reference Price Problem.

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25.  See Angel Report, Table 3: Impact of Bad Reference Prices on Numbers of Observations at page 17.

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26.  The data was analyzed based on venue to account for differences in the availability and formats of the data from NYSE and Nasdaq.

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27.  See Appendix A for details on how the back-testing was done.

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28.  When there is no opening trade and the Primary Listing Exchange does not have a previous closing price for a security (such as on its first day of trading or due to a technical problem), the Primary Listing Exchange BAM will be the Reference Price.

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30.  There was an average of 118.8 securities per day that would have used last sale as the open reference price as represented in Table 16 above. The average daily count of NYSE Arca-listed securities in the first half of 2015 was 1,493.

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31.  See supra note 1.

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[FR Doc. 2016-04246 Filed 2-26-16; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 8011-01-P