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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Pennsylvania; Measurement and Reporting of Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Final rule.


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving a state implementation plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This SIP revision amends two regulations to clarify testing and sampling methods for stationary sources of particulate matter (PM) and adds the requirement to measure and report filterable and condensable PM. EPA is approving this revision in accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA).


This final rule is effective on August 31, 2016.


EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R03-OAR-2016-0005. All documents in the docket are listed in the Web site. Although listed in the electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through or may be viewed during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Air Quality Control, P.O. Box 8468, 400 Market Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17105.

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Maria A. Pino, (215) 814-2181, or by email at

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I. Background

On April 8, 2016 (81 FR 20598), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In the NPR, EPA proposed approval of amendments to chapters 121 and 139 of title 25, Environmental Protection, of the Pennsylvania Code (25 Pa. Code). The formal SIP revision was submitted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania on June 15, 2015.

II. Summary of SIP Revision

On June 25, 2015, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania submitted a formal SIP revision that amends chapters 121 and 139 of 25 Pa. Code. Amendments to 25 Pa. Code section 121.1 in chapter 121 add definitions for the terms “condensable particulate matter” and “filterable particulate matter.” The amendments to 25 Pa. Code section 139.12 in chapter 139 add the requirement to measure and report filterable and condensable PM and explain the compliance demonstration process. The amendment to 25 Pa. Code section 139.53 specifies to whom monitoring reports must be submitted. Other specific requirements of chapters 121 and 139 of 25 Pa. Code and the rationale for EPA's proposed action are explained in the NPR and will not be restated here. No public comments were received on the NPR.

III. Final Action

EPA is approving the June 25, 2015 Pennsylvania SIP revision that amends specific provisions within chapters 121 and 139 of 25 Pa. Code. The amendments clarify testing and sampling methods and reporting requirements for stationary sources of PM and add the requirement to measure and report filterable and condensable PM.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this rulemaking action, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of the revised Pennsylvania regulations, published in the Pennsylvania Bulletin, Vol. 44 No. 15, April 12, 2014, and effective on April 12, 2014. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these documents generally available electronically through and/or may be viewed at the appropriate EPA office (see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble for more information).

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of Start Printed Page 50359the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by September 30, 2016. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This rulemaking action, approving amendments to Pennsylvania's regulations regarding testing and sampling methods for stationary sources of PM, including filterable and condensable PM, may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2)).

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Particulate matter
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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Dated: July 1, 2016.

Shawn M. Garvin,

Regional Administrator, Region III.

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40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart NN—Pennsylvania

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2. In § 52.2020, the table in paragraph (c)(1) is amended by revising the entries “Section 121.1”, “Section 139.12”, and “Section 139.53” to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(1) * * *

State citationTitle/subjectState effective dateEPA Approval dateAdditional explanation/ § 52.2063 citation
Title 25—Environmental Protection Article III—Air Resources
Chapter 121—General Provisions
Section 121.1Definitions04/12/20148/1/16 [Insert Federal Register citation]Adds definitions for the terms “condensable particulate matter” and “filterable particulate matter.”
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Chapter 139—Sampling and Testing
Subchapter A—Sampling and Testing Methods and Procedures
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Stationary Sources
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 139.12Emissions of particulate matter04/12/20148/1/16 [Insert Federal Register citation]Amends section 139.12.
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*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Subchapter B—Monitoring Duties of Certain Sources
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 139.53Filing monitoring reports04/12/20148/1/16 [Insert Federal Register citation]Amends section 139.53.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
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[FR Doc. 2016-18156 Filed 7-29-16; 8:45 am]