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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of Significant Deterioration and Approval of Infrastructure State Implementation Plans for Specific National Ambient Air Quality Standards

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) for the State of West Virginia on June 3, 2015. This revision pertains to West Virginia's Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit program regulations for preconstruction permitting requirements for major sources. The revision includes a change in West Virginia's PSD regulations related to emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The State's June 3, 2015 submittal satisfies its obligations pursuant to an earlier rulemaking in which EPA granted final conditional approval of West Virginia's PSD implementing regulations. This action also addresses specific infrastructure program elements specified in Clean Air Act (CAA) section 110(a)(2) necessary to implement, maintain, and enforce several national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). This action is being taken under the CAA.

DATES:

This final rule is effective on September 12, 2016.

ADDRESSES:

EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R03-OAR-2015-0539. All documents in the docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through www.regulations.gov or may be viewed during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Air Quality, 601 57th Street SE., Charleston, West Virginia 25304.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Mr. Paul Wentworth, (215) 814-2183, or by email at Wentworth.paul@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

On January 11, 2016 (81 FR 1133), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for the State of West Virginia. In the NPR, EPA proposed approval of a revision to West Virginia's PSD permit program regulations for preconstruction permitting requirements for major sources. The revision includes revised West Virginia PSD regulations related to emissions of PM2.5. The formal SIP revision was submitted by the State of West Virginia on June 3, 2015.

II. Summary of SIP Revision

The SIP revision submitted by WVDEP on June 3, 2015 pertains to revisions to its PSD permit program regulations at 45CSR14-16.7.c that establish a significant monitoring concentration (SMC) value of zero micrograms per cubic meter for PM2.5. The submission of this revision allows EPA to change its conditional approval of 45CSR14 to a full approval. Because this submission fulfills the commitment made by West Virginia in the final conditional approval of West Virginia's earlier submittals of revisions to 45CSR14 as discussed in the NPR, EPA is now fully approving West Virginia's PSD regulations at 45CSR14 in its entirety as 45CSR14 meets requirements in the CAA and its implementing regulations and removing the prior conditional approval. See 80 FR 36483 (final conditional approval of prior SIP submissions of revisions to 45CSR14).

With its submittal, West Virginia has made all of the changes to its PSD implementing regulations necessary to address PM2.5 as prescribed by the CAA, 40 CFR 51.166, and the May 16, 2008 new source review implementation rule for PM2.5 at 73 FR 28321. Because West Virginia's regulations at 45CSR14 fully meet the federal requirements for PSD in the CAA, EPA also found that West Virginia's PSD program now addresses specific PSD-related portions of the infrastructure program elements in section 110(a)(2) of the CAA for the 1997 ozone and PM2.5 NAAQS, the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS, the 2008 lead and ozone NAAQS, and the 2010 nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) NAAQS. Other specific requirements of and the rationale for EPA's approval action of West Virginia's revised PSD regulations and relevant infrastructure SIP revisions for several NAAQS are explained in the NPR and will not be restated here. No public comments were received on the NPR.

III. Final Action

EPA is approving this SIP revision submitted by WVDEP as a revision to the West Virginia SIP for its PSD program and removing a prior conditional approval on the PSD program. In this action, EPA is also approving several of West Virginia's infrastructure SIP revisions as meeting the PSD elements of section 110(a)(2) of the CAA for the 1997 ozone and PM2.5 NAAQS, the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS, the 2008 lead and ozone NAAQS, and the 2010 NO2 and SO2 NAAQS.Start Printed Page 53009

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this rule the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of 45CSR14-16.7.c, described in the amendments to 40 CFR part 52 set forth below. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these documents generally available electronically through www.regulations.gov and/or may be viewed at the appropriate EPA office (see the ADDRESSES section of this preamble for more information).

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by October 11, 2016. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action which revises West Virginia's PSD regulations related to emissions of PM2.5 and which approves portions of several infrastructure SIPs as addressing PSD elements in CAA section 110(a)(2) may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Lead
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Ozone
  • Particulate matter
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Sulfur oxides
  • Volatile organic compounds
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: July 25, 2016.

Shawn M. Garvin,

Regional Administrator, Region III.

End Signature

40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

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PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart XX—West Virginia

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2. In § 52.2520:

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a. The table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising the entries for 45CSR Series 14.

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b. The table in paragraph (e) is amended by revising the entries for:

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i. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 1997 8-Hour Ozone NAAQS,

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ii. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS,

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iii. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS,

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iv. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2008 Lead NAAQS,

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v. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2008 8-Hour Ozone NAAQS,

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

vi. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide NAAQS, and

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vii. Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2010 1-Hour Sulfur Dioxide NAAQS.

End Amendment Part

The revised text reads as follows:

Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *Start Printed Page 53010

EPA-Approved Regulations in the West Virginia SIP

State citation [Chapter 16-20 or 45 CSR ]Title/SubjectState effective dateEPA Approval dateAdditional explanation/ Citation at 40 CFR 52.2565
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
[45CSR] Series 14 Permits for Construction and Major Modification of Major Stationary Sources of Air Pollution for the Prevention of Significant Deterioration
Section 45-14-1General06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-2Definitions06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-3Applicability06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-4Ambient Air Quality Increments and Ceilings06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-5Area Classification06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-6Prohibition of Dispersion Enhancement Techniques06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-7Registration, Report and Permit Requirements for Major Stationary Sources and Major Modifications06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-8Requirements Relating to Control Technology06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-9Requirements Relating to the Source's Impact on Air Quality06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-10Modeling Requirements06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-11Air Quality Monitoring Requirements06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-12Additional Impacts Analysis Requirements06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-13Additional Requirements and Variances for Source Impacting Federal Class 1 Areas06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-14Procedures for Sources Employing Innovative Control Technology06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-15Exclusions From Increment Consumption06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-16Specific Exemptions06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-17Public Review Procedures06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-18Public Meetings06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-19Permit Transfer, Cancellation and Responsibility06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-20Disposition of Permits06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-21Conflict with Other Permitting Rules06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
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Section 45-14-25Actual PALs06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
Section 45-14-26Inconsistency Between Rules06/01/201508/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

(e) * * *

Name of non-regulatory SIP revisionApplicable geographic areaState submittal dateEPA Approval dateAdditional explanation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 1997 8-Hour Ozone NAAQSStatewide12/3/07, 5/21/088/4/11, 76 FR 47062This action addresses the following CAA elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M).
12/3/07, 12/11/07, 8/31/1110/17/12, 77 FR 63736Approval of the following PSD-related elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II), except taking no action on the definition of “regulated NSR pollutant” found at 45CSR14 section 2.66 only as it relates to the requirement to include condensable emissions of particulate matter in that definition. See § 52.2522(i).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II). See § 52.2520.
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQSStatewide4/3/08, 5/21/08, 7/9/08, 3/18/108/4/11, 76 FR 47062This action addresses the following CAA elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M).
12/11/07, 4/3/08, 8/31/1110/17/12, 77 FR 63736Approval of the following PSD-related elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(D) (i)(II), except taking no action on the definition of “regulated NSR pollutant” found at 45CSR14 section 2.66 only as it relates to the requirement to include condensable emissions of particulate matter in that definition. See § 52.2522(i).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II). See § 52.2520.
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQSStatewide10/1/09, 3/18/108/4/11, 76 FR 47062This action addresses the following CAA elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M).
10/1/09, 8/31/1110/17/12, 77 FR 63736Approval of the following PSD-related elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(D) (i)(II), except taking no action on the definition of “regulated NSR pollutant” found at 45CSR14 section 2.66 only as it relates to the requirement to include condensable emissions of particulate matter in that definition. See § 52.2522(i).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(II). See § 52.2520.
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*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2008 Lead NAAQSStatewide10/26/119/10/12, 77 FR 55417This action addresses the following CAA elements: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M), or portions thereof.
8/31/11, 10/26/1110/17/12, 77 FR 63736Approval of the following elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J), except taking no action on the definition of “regulated NSR pollutant” found at 45CSR14 section 2.66 only as it relates to the requirement to include condensable emissions of particulate matter in that definition. See § 52.2522(i).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J). See § 52.2520.
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2008 8-Hour Ozone NAAQSStatewide8/31/11, 2/17/1210/17/12, 77 FR 63736Approval of the following PSD-related elements or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J), except taking no action on the definition of “regulated NSR pollutant” found at 45CSR14 section 2.66 only as it relates to the requirement to include condensable emissions of particulate matter in that definition. See § 52.2522(i).
2/17/124/7/2014, 79 FR 19001This action addresses the following CAA elements, or portions thereof: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M).
7/24/143/9/15, 80 FR 12348Addresses CAA element 110(a)(2)(E)(ii).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J). See § 52.2520.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2010 Nitrogen Dioxide NAAQSStatewide12/13/121/22/14, 78 FR 3504This action addresses the following CAA elements: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (J), (K), (L), and (M), or portions thereof.
7/24/143/9/15, 80 FR 12348Addresses CAA element 110(a)(2)(E)(ii).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J). See § 52.2520.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 110(a)(2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 2010 1-Hour Sulfur Dioxide NAAQSStatewide6/25/1310/16/14, 79 FR 62035This action addresses the following CAA elements: 110(a)(2)(A), (B), (C) (enforcement and minor new source review), (D)(ii), (E)(i) and (iii), (F), (G), (H), (J) (consultation, public notification, and visibility protection), (K), (L), and (M).
7/24/143/9/15, 80 FR 12348Addresses CAA element 110(a)(2)(E)(ii).
6/1/20158/11/2016, [Insert Federal Register citation]Approval of PSD-related element 110(a)(2)(C), (D)(i)(II), and (J). See § 52.2520.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2016-18518 Filed 8-10-16; 8:45 am]

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