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Notice

Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to COPS

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Start Preamble August 11, 2016.

Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Act”),[1] and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,[2] notice is hereby given that on August 1, 2016, Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated (the “Exchange” or “CBOE”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.

I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change

The purpose of the proposed rule change is to re-implement the contributor compensation structure of the Exchange's Customized Option Pricing Service (“COPS”),[3] specifically, Start Printed Page 54871the COPS data revenue-sharing plan. The Exchange is not proposing to change the fees for COPS data.

II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.

A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

1. Purpose

The purpose of the proposed rule change is to re-implement the contributor compensation structure of the Exchange's COPS,[4] specifically, the COPS data revenue-sharing plan. The Exchange is not proposing to change the fees for COPS data.

Background

COPS provides market participants with an “end-of-day” [5] file and “historical” [6] files of valuations for Flexible Exchange (“FLEX”) [7] options and certain over-the-counter (“OTC”) options (collectively, “COPS Data”). Market Data Express, LLC (“MDX”), an affiliate of CBOE, offers COPS Data for sale to all market participants. COPS Data is available to “Subscribers” for internal use and internal distribution only, and to “Customers” who, pursuant to a written vendor agreement between MDX and a Customer, may distribute the COPS Data externally (i.e., act as a vendor) and/or use and distribute the COPS Data internally.

COPS Data consists of indicative [8] values for four categories of “customized” options. The first category of options is all open series of FLEX options listed on any exchange that offers FLEX options for trading.[9] The second category is OTC options that have the same degree of customization as FLEX options. The third category includes options with strike prices expressed in percentage terms. Values for such options are expressed in percentage terms and are theoretical values.[10] The fourth category includes “exotic” options.[11]

The Exchange uses values produced by CBOE Trading Permit Holders (“TPHs”) to produce COPS Data. Participating CBOE TPHs submit values to MDX on options series specified by MDX on a daily basis. These values are generated by the TPHs' internal pricing models. The valuations that MDX ultimately publishes are an average of multiple contributions of values from participating CBOE TPHs. For each value provided by MDX through COPS, MDX includes a corresponding indication of the number of TPH contributors that factored into that value.

CBOE TPHs that meet the following objective qualification criteria are allowed to contribute values to MDX for purposes of producing COPS Data. Interested CBOE TPHs must be approved by the Exchange, have the ability to provide valuations to MDX in a timely manner each day after the close of trading, and sign a services agreement with CBOE. Interested CBOE TPHs must also have the ability to provide both indicative and implied volatility valuations on several different types of options, including (i) options on all open FLEX series traded on any exchange that offers FLEX options for trading, (ii) options on any potential new FLEX options series, (iii) OTC options that have the same degree of customization as FLEX options, (iv) customized options where the strike price is expressed in percentage terms (the valuations provided to MDX must also be expressed in percentage terms), and (v) exotic options. In addition, interested CBOE TPHs must participate in a testing phase with MDX. The values submitted by a TPH during the testing phase and in live production must meet MDX's quality control standards designed to ensure the integrity and accuracy of COPS Data. MDX has implemented procedures including monthly performance reviews to help ensure the integrity and accuracy of COPS Data.

To help ensure that MDX receives numerous values from multiple TPHs on a consistent basis, MDX shares revenue from the sale of COPS Data with participating CBOE TPHs.[12] The amount of revenue that MDX shares with participating TPHs is a percentage of the total revenue received by MDX from the sale of COPS Data. The revenue sharing is based on the following table:

Number of participating TPHsTotal revenue share (percent)Revenue share per TPH
3217%.
4246%.
5 or more3030% divided by the number of participating TPHs.

If only three TPHs participate, MDX shares 21% of total revenue with each TPH receiving a 7% share. If four TPHs participate, MDX shares 24% of total revenue with each TPH receiving a 6% share. If five or more TPHs participate, MDX shares 30% of total revenue divided equally among the TPHs.

In July 2014, the Exchange submitted a proposed rule change to, among other things, temporarily change the COPS contributor compensation structure Start Printed Page 54872from a revenue sharing plan to a fixed payment structure for a six-month period (“Fixed Payment Period”).[13] In May 2015, the Exchange submitted a proposed rule change to change the COPS contributor compensation structure for the remainder of 2015.[14] Pursuant to that proposed rule change, as of May 1, 2015, all revenue from the sale of COPS Data was paid to COPS contributors, with revenue divided equally among COPS contributors. In December 2015, (sic) As described in that proposed rule change, MDX would transition back to the revenue share plan described above on January 1, 2016. In December 2015, the Exchange submitted a proposed rule change to extend the temporary suspension through June 30, 2016.[15]

Proposal

The Exchange proposes to re-implement the temporary suspension described above through the end of the year. As such, all revenue from the sale of COPS Data would be paid to COPS contributors through December 31, 2016. As before, the revenue would continue to be divided equally among COPS contributors. The Exchange had hoped that at the end June 2016, COPS revenue would be at a level such that the COPS contributors would receive a revenue share roughly in line with the fixed payments they received during the Fixed Payment Period. This has not yet occurred. The payments to COPS contributors are intended to, at a minimum, help COPS contributors cover their costs of producing valuations for COPS while the Exchange continues to grow the COPS business.

2. Statutory Basis

The Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Act”) and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to the Exchange and, in particular, the requirements of Section 6(b) of the Act.[16] Specifically, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) [17] requirements that the rules of an exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating, clearing, settling, processing information with respect to, and facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. Additionally, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5) [18] requirement that the rules of an exchange not be designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers.

The Exchange believes the proposed rule change is not designed to permit unfair discrimination between CBOE TPHs because all COPS data revenue would be divided equally among TPH contributors through December 31, 2016. The Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest in that it would provide incentive for all of the COPS contributors to participate in COPS while the Exchange continues to grow the COPS business, thereby helping to maintain the quality of COPS Data.

B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition

CBOE does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. To the contrary, the Exchange believes the proposal is procompetitive in that it will incentivize COPS contributors to continue producing quality valuations to help keep COPS competitive with other similar market data products.[19]

C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

The Exchange neither solicited nor received comments on the proposed rule change.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action

The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act [20] and paragraph (f)(2) of Rule 19b-4 [21] thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved.

IV. Solicitation of Comments

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

Paper Comments

  • Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-CBOE-2016-059. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/​rules/​sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for Start Printed Page 54873inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-CBOE-2016-059 and should be submitted on or before September 7, 2016.

Start Signature

For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.22

Robert W. Errett,

Deputy Secretary.

End Signature End Preamble

Footnotes

3.  See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 34-67813 (September 10, 2012), 77 FR 56903 (September 14, 2012) (SR-CBOE-2012-083); 34-67928 (September 26, 2012), 77 FR 60161 (October 2, 2012) (SR-CBOE-2012-090); 34-70705 (October 17, 2013), 78 FR 63265 (October 23, 2013) (SR-CBOE-2013-097); 34-70845 (November 12, 2013), 78 FR 69168 (November 18, 2013) (SR-CBOE-2013-104); 34-72621 (July 16, 2014), 79 FR 42616 (July 22, 2014) (SR-CBOE-2014-057); 34-74159 (January 28, 2015), 80 FR 5863 (February 23, 2015) (SR-CBOE-2015-007); 34-74937 (May 12, 2015), 80 FR 28319 (May 18, 2015) (SR-CBOE-2015-046); and 34-76888 (January 13, 2016), 81 FR 12 (January 20, 2016) (SR-CBOE-2015-122).

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4.  See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 34-67813 (September 10, 2012), 77 FR 56903 (September 14, 2012) (SR-CBOE-2012-083); 34-67928 (September 26, 2012), 77 FR 60161 (October 2, 2012) (SR-CBOE-2012-090); 34-70705 (October 17, 2013), 78 FR 63265 (October 23, 2013) (SR-CBOE-2013-097); 34-70845 (November 12, 2013), 78 FR 69168 (November 18, 2013) (SR-CBOE-2013-104); 34-72621 (July 16, 2014), 79 FR 42616 (July 22, 2014) (SR-CBOE-2014-057); 34-74159 (January 28, 2015), 80 FR 5863 (February 23, 2015) (SR-CBOE-2015-007); 34-74937 (May 12, 2015), 80 FR 28319 (May 18, 2015) (SR-CBOE-2015-046); and 34-76888 (January 13, 2016), 81 FR 12 (January 20, 2016) (SR-CBOE-2015-122).

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5.  “End of day” refers to data that is distributed prior to the opening of the next trading day.

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6.  “Historical” COPS data consists of COPS data that is over one month old (i.e., copies of the “end-of-day” COPS file that are over one month old).

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7.  FLEX options are exchange traded options that provide investors with the ability to customize basic option features including size, expiration date, exercise style, and certain exercise prices.

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8.  “Indicative” values are indications of potential market prices only and as such are neither firm nor the basis for a transaction.

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9.  Current FLEX options open interest spans over 2,000 series on over 300 different underlying securities.

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10.  These values are theoretical in that they are indications of potential market prices for options that have not traded (i.e., do not yet exist). Market participants sometimes express option values in percentage terms rather than in dollar terms because they find it is easier to assess the change, or lack of change, in the marketplace from one day to the next when values are expressed in percentage terms.

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11.  Exotic options are options which are generally traded OTC and are more complex than standard options, usually relating to determination of payoff. An exotic option may also include a non-standard underlying instrument, developed for a particular client or for a particular market.

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12.  The fees that MDX charges for COPS Data are set forth on the Price List on the MDX Web site (www.marketdataexpress.com). MDX currently charges a fee per option per day for “end-of-day” COPS data. The amount of the fee is reduced based on the number of options valuations purchased.

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13.  See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-72621 (July 16, 2014), 79 FR 42616 (July 22, 2014) (SR-CBOE-2014-057).

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14.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-74937 (May 12, 2015), 80 FR 28319 (May 18, 2015) (SR-CBOE-2015-046).

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15.  Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-76888 (January 13, 2016), 81 FR 12 (January 20, 2016) (SR-CBOE-2015-122). The Exchange is not proposing to eliminate the revenue share plan, but rather re-implement the temporary suspension as described in this rule filing.

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19.  Market data vendors including SuperDerivatives, Markit, Prism, and Bloomberg's BVAL service produce option value data that is similar to COPS Data. The Options Clearing Corporation (“OCC”) also produces FLEX option value data that is similar to the FLEX option value data that is included in COPS.

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[FR Doc. 2016-19584 Filed 8-16-16; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 8011-01-P