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Rule

Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica; Correction

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Department of Labor.

ACTION:

Final rule; correcting amendment.

SUMMARY:

OSHA published a final rule on occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica on March 25, 2016 which became effective on June 23, 2016. This document corrects typographical errors in the final rule by revising these sections.

DATES:

Effective September 1, 2016.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Annette Iannucci, Directorate of Standards and Guidance, Room N-3718, OSHA, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210; telephone (202) 693-1950; email Iannucci.annette@dol.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On March 25, 2016, OSHA published a final rule entitled Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica (81 FR 16285-16890). The final rule retained the preceding permissible exposure limits (PELs) for respirable crystalline silica in general industry (29 CFR 1910.1000, Table Z-3), shipyards (29 CFR 1915.1000, Table Z), and construction (29 CFR 1926.55, appendix A), and added footnotes to make clear that these PELs apply to any sectors or operations where the new PEL of 50 ­μg/m3 is not in effect. The preceding PELs apply to operations that are not covered by the new standards, such as the processing of sorptive clays. The preceding PELs are also applicable during the time between publication of the silica rule and the dates established for compliance with the rule, as well as in the event of regulatory delay, a stay, or partial or full invalidation by the Court.

This document corrects typographical errors in the formulas for the preceding PELs, so that they will appear as they did prior to publication of the final rule.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 29 CFR Parts 1910, 1915, and 1926

  • Cancer
  • Chemicals
  • Cristobalite
  • Crystalline silica
  • Hazardous substances
  • Health
  • Lung diseases
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Quartz
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Silica
  • Silicosis
  • Tridymite
End List of Subjects

Authority and Signature

This document was prepared under the direction of David Michaels, Ph.D., MPH, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health. It is issued under the following authorities: Sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657); section 107 of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (the Construction Safety Act) (40 U.S.C. 3704); section 41 of the Longshore and Harbor Worker's Compensation Act (33 U.S.C. 941); Secretary of Labor's Order 1-2012 (77 FR 3912 (1/25/2012)); and 29 CFR part 1911.

Start Signature

Signed at Washington, DC, on August 5, 2016.

David Michaels,

Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health.

End Signature

Accordingly, for the reasons set forth in the preamble above, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is amending 29 CFR parts 1910, 1915, and 1926 as follows:

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PART 1910—OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 1910 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657; Secretary of Labor's Order Numbers 12-71 (36 FR 8754), 8-76 (41 FR 25059), 9-83 (48 FR 35736), 1-90 (55 FR 9033), 6-96 (62 FR 111), 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), 5-2002 (67 FR 65008), 5-2007 (72 FR 31159), 4-2010 (75 FR 55355), or 1-2012 (77 FR 3912), as applicable.

End Authority

Sections 1910.6, 1910.7, 1910.8 and 1910.9 also issued under 29 CFR 1911. Section 1910.7(f) also issued under 31 U.S.C. 9701, 29 U.S.C. 9a, 5 U.S.C. 553; Public Law 106-113 (113 Stat. 1501A-222); Pub. L. 11-8 and 111-317; and OMB Circular A-25 (dated July 8, 1993) (58 FR 38142, July 15, 1993).

Start Amendment Part

2. In § 1910.1000, in Table Z-3, revise the entries for “Silica: Crystalline Quartz (Respirable)”, “Silica: Crystalline Cristobalite”, and “Silica: Crystalline Tridymite” to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Air contaminants.
* * * * *

Table Z-3—Mineral Dusts

Substancemppcf amg/m 3
Silica:
Crystalline
Quartz (Respirable) f250b10 mg/m3 e
% SiO2 + 5% SiO2 + 2
Cristobalite: Use 1/2 the value calculated from the count or mass formulae for quartz.f
Tridymite: Use 1/2 the value calculated from the formulae for quartz.f
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

a Millions of particles per cubic foot of air, based on impinger samples counted by light-field techniques.

b The percentage of crystalline silica in the formula is the amount determined from airborne samples, except in those instances in which other methods have been shown to be applicable.

* * * * *

e Both concentration and percent quartz for the application of this limit are to be determined from the fraction passing a size-selector with the following characteristics:

Aerodynamic diameter (unit density sphere)Percent passing selector
290
2.575
3.550
5.025
100
Start Printed Page 60273

The measurements under this note refer to the use of an AEC (now NRC) instrument. The respirable fraction of coal dust is determined with an MRE; the figure corresponding to that of 2.4 mg/m3 in the table for coal dust is 4.5 mg/m3K.

f This standard applies to any operations or sectors for which the respirable crystalline silica standard, 1910.1053, is stayed or is otherwise not in effect.

Start Part

PART 1915—OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT

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3. The authority citation for part 1915 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: Section 41, Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (33 U.S.C. 941); Sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657); Secretary of Labor's Order No. 12-71 (36 FR 8754), 8-76 (41 FR 25059), 9-83 (48 FR 35736), 1-90 (55 FR 9033), 6-96 (62 FR 111), 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), 5-2002 (67 FR 65008), 5-2007 (72 FR 31160), 4-2010 (75 FR 55355), or 1-2012 (77 FR 3912), as applicable; 29 CFR part 1911.

End Authority

Sections 1915.120 and 1915.152 of 29 CFR also issued under 29 CFR part 1911.

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4. In § 1915.1000, amend Table Z by:

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a. Revising the entries for “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, cristobalite”, “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, quartz”, “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, tripoli (as quartz)”, and “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, tridymite”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Under the “MINERAL DUSTS” heading of the table, revising the entry for “Silica: Crystalline Quartz”.

End Amendment Part

The revisions read as follows:

Air contaminants.
* * * * *

Table Z—Shipyards

SubstanceCAS No.dppm a*mg/m3 b*Skin designation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Silica, crystalline, respirable dust
Cristobalite; see 1915.105314464-46-1
Quartz; see 1915.1053 514808-60-7
Tripoli (as quartz); see 1915.1053 51317-95-9
Tridymite; see 1915.105315468-32-3
*         *         *         *         *         *         *

Mineral Dusts

Substancemppcf (j)
SILICA:
Crystalline250 (k)
Quartz. Threshold Limit calculated from the formula (p)% SiO2 + 5
*    *    *    *    *
* * * * *

5 See Mineral Dusts table for the exposure limit for any operations or sectors where the exposure limit in § 1915.1053 is stayed or is otherwise not in effect.

* The PELs are 8-hour TWAs unless otherwise noted; a (C) designation denotes a ceiling limit. They are to be determined from breathing-zone air samples.

a Parts of vapor or gas per million parts of contaminated air by volume at 25 °C and 760 torr.

b Milligrams of substance per cubic meter of air. When entry is in this column only, the value is exact; when listed with a ppm entry, it is approximate.

* * * * *

d The CAS number is for information only. Enforcement is based on the substance name. For an entry covering more than one metal compound, measured as the metal, the CAS number for the metal is given—not CAS numbers for the individual compounds.

* * * * *

p This standard applies to any operations or sectors for which the respirable crystalline silica standard, 1915.1053, is stayed or otherwise is not in effect.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 1926—SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION

Subpart D—Occupational Health and Environmental Controls

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5. The authority citation for part 1926, subpart D, continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: Section 107 of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (40 U.S.C. 3704); Sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657); and Secretary of Labor's Order No. 12-71 (36 FR 8754), 8-76 (41 FR 25059), 9-83 (48 FR 35736), 1-90 (55 FR 9033), 6-96 (62 FR 111), 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), 5-2002 (67 FR 65008), 5-2007 (72 FR 31160), 4-2010 (75 FR 55355), or 1-2012 (77 FR 3912), as applicable; and 29 CFR part 1911.

End Authority

Sections 1926.58, 1926.59, 1926.60, and 1926.65 also issued under 5 U.S.C. 553 and 29 CFR part 1911.

Section 1926.61 also issued under 49 U.S.C. 1801-1819 and 6 U.S.C. 553.

Section 1926.62 also issued under section 1031 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 4853).

Section 1926.65 also issued under section 126 of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, as amended (reprinted at 29 U.S.C.A. 655 Note), and 5 U.S.C. 553.

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6. In § 1926.55, in appendix A, in the table titled “Threshold Limit Values of Airborne Contaminants for Construction”:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Revise the entries for “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, cristobalite”, “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, quartz”, “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, tripoli (as quartz)”, and “Silica, crystalline, respirable dust, tridymite”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Under the “MINERAL DUSTS” heading of the table, revise the entry for “Silica: Crystalline Quartz”

End Amendment Part

The revisions read as follows:

Gases, vapors, fumes, dusts, and mists.
* * * * *

Appendix A to § 1926.55—1970 American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' Threshold Limit Values of Airborne ContaminantsStart Printed Page 60274

Threshold Limit Values of Airborne Contaminants for Construction

SubstanceCAS No.dppm a*mg/m3 bSkin designation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Silica, crystalline, respirable dust
Cristobalite; see 1926.115314464-46-1
Quartz; see 1926.1153 514808-60-7
Tripoli (as quartz); see 1926.1153 51317-95-9
Tridymite; see 1926.115315468-32-3
*         *         *         *         *         *         *

Mineral Dusts

SILICA:
Crystalline250(k)
Quartz. Threshold Limit calculated from the formula (p)% SiO2 + 5
*    *    *    *    *
* * * * *

5 See Mineral Dusts table for the exposure limit for any operations or sectors where the exposure limit in § 1926.1153 is stayed or is otherwise not in effect.

* The PELs are 8-hour TWAs unless otherwise noted; a (C) designation denotes a ceiling limit.

* * * * *

a Parts of vapor or gas per million parts of contaminated air by volume at 25 °C and 760 torr.

b Milligrams of substance per cubic meter of air. When entry is in this column only, the value is exact; when listed with a ppm entry, it is approximate.

* * * * *

d The CAS number is for information only. Enforcement is based on the substance name. For an entry covering more than one metal compound, measured as the metal, the CAS number for the metal is given—not CAS numbers for the individual compounds.

* * * * *

p This standard applies to any operations or sectors for which the respirable crystalline silica standard, 1926.1153, is stayed or otherwise is not in effect.

* * * * *
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2016-20442 Filed 8-31-16; 8:45 am]

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