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Notice

Determination That PREVACID IV (Lansoprazole) Intravenous Injection, 30 Milligrams/Vial, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

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ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) has determined that PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 milligrams (mg)/vial, was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for lansoprazole intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, if all other legal and regulatory requirements are met.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Bronwen Blass, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, Rm. 6224, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-5092, Bronwen.blass@fda.hhs.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In 1984, Congress enacted the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Pub. L. 98-417) (the 1984 amendments), which authorized the approval of duplicate versions of drug products under an ANDA procedure. ANDA applicants must, with certain exceptions, show that the drug for which they are seeking approval contains the same active ingredient in the same strength and dosage form as the “listed drug,” which is a version of the drug that was previously approved. ANDA applicants do not have to repeat the extensive clinical testing otherwise necessary to gain approval of a new drug application (NDA).

The 1984 amendments include what is now section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)), which requires FDA to publish a list of all approved drugs. FDA publishes this list as part of the “Approved Drug Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations,” which is known generally as the “Orange Book.” Under FDA regulations, drugs are removed from the list if the Agency withdraws or suspends approval of the drug's NDA or ANDA for reasons of safety or effectiveness or if FDA determines that the listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162).

A person may petition the Agency to determine, or the Agency may determine on its own initiative, whether a listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination may be made at any time after the drug has been withdrawn from sale, but must be made prior to approving an ANDA that refers to the listed drug (§ 314.161 (21 CFR 314.161)). FDA may not approve an ANDA that does not refer to a listed drug.

PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, is the subject of NDA 021566, held by Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc., and initially approved on May 27, 2004. The Indications and Usage section of the PREVACID IV labeling states the following: “When patients are unable to take the oral formulations, PREVACID I.V. for Injection is indicated as an alternative for the short-term treatment (up to 7 days) of all grades of erosive esophagitis. Once the patient is able to take medications orally, therapy can be switched to an oral formulation of PREVACID for a total of 6 to 8 weeks. The safety and efficacy of PREVACID I.V. for Injection as an initial treatment of erosive esophagitis have not been demonstrated. Refer to full prescribing information for the oral formulations of PREVACID.”

In a letter dated February 5, 2007, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc. notified FDA that PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, was being discontinued, and FDA moved the drug product to the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book.

Rose Zhao submitted a citizen petition dated March 18, 2016 (Docket No. FDA-2016-P-1037), under 21 CFR 10.30, requesting that the Agency determine whether PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.

After considering the citizen petition and reviewing Agency records and based on the information we have at this time, FDA has determined under § 314.161 that PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, was not withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The petitioner has identified no data or other information suggesting that PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, was withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. We have carefully reviewed our files for records concerning the withdrawal of PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, from sale. We have also independently evaluated relevant literature and data for possible postmarketing adverse events. We have reviewed the available evidence and determined that this drug product was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.

Accordingly, the Agency will continue to list PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, in the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book. The “Discontinued Drug Product List” delineates, among other items, drug products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to PREVACID IV (lansoprazole) intravenous injection, 30 mg/vial, may be approved by the Agency as long as they meet all other legal and regulatory requirements for the approval of ANDAs. If FDA determines that labeling for this drug product should be revised to meet current standards, the Agency will advise ANDA applicants to submit such labeling.

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Dated: September 1, 2016.

Leslie Kux,

Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2016-21551 Filed 9-7-16; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4164-01-P