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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 138 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, and California

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are initiating 5-year status reviews for 138 species in Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, and California under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than June 19, 2017. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submit information on any of the 133 species in Hawaii (see table under What Species Are Under Review?) via U.S. mail to: Field Supervisor; Attention: 5-Year Review; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office; 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Honolulu, HI 96850.

For the marbled murrelet, submit information via U.S. mail to: Field Supervisor; Attention: 5-Year Review; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Washington Fish and Wildlife Office; 510 Desmond Dr. SE., Suite 102, Lacey, WA 98503, or by email to mamu5yrreview@fws.gov.

For the Oregon silverspot butterfly, Malheur wire-lettuce, large-flowered woolly meadowfoam, and Cook's lomatium, submit information via U.S. mail to: Field Supervisor; Attention: 5-Year Review; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office; 2600 SE 98th Ave., Suite 100; Portland, OR 97266.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Gregory Koob, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office (see ADDRESSES), 808-792-9400 (for species in Hawaii); Deanna Lynch, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, 360-753-9440 (for marbled murrelet); or Michele Zwartjes, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 503-231-6179 (for Oregon silverspot butterfly, Malheur wire-lettuce, large-flowered woolly meadowfoam, and Cook's lomatium). Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (which we collectively refer to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, go to http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html, scroll down to “Learn More about 5-Year Reviews,” and click on the “5-Year Reviews” link.

What information do we consider in the review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that has become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for these species.

What species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the 138 species listed in the table below.Start Printed Page 18666

Species for Which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is Initiating 5-Year Status Reviews

Common nameScientific nameStatusWhere listedFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)
ANIMALS
Marbled murreletBrachyramphus marmoratusThreatenedU.S.A. (CA, OR, WA)57 FR 45337; 10/01/1992.
Oahu elepaioChasiempis ibidisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)65 FR 20769; 04/18/2000.
Oahu creeperParoreomyza maculataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella abbreviataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella apexfulvaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella bellulaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella buddiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella bulimoidesEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella byroniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella caesiaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella castaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella cestusEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella concavospiraEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella curtaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella decipiensEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella decoraEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella dimorphaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella elegansEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella fulgensEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella fuscobasisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella juddiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella junceaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella lehuiensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella leucorrhapheEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella lilaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella lividaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella lorataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella mustelinaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella papyraceaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella phaeozonaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella pulcherrimaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella pupukanioeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella roseaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella sowerbyanaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella spaldingiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella stewartiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella swiftiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella taeniolataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella thaanumiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella turgidaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella validaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella viridansEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella vittataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Oahu tree snailAchatinella vulpinaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)46 FR 3178; 01/13/1981.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila aglaiaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila hemipezaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila montgomeryiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila obataiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila substenopteraEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila tarphytrichiaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)71 FR 26851; 05/09/2006.
Crimson Hawaiian damselflyMegalagrion leptodemasEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57647; 09/18/2012.
Blackline Hawaiian damselflyMegalagrion nigrohamatum nigrolineatumEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57647; 09/18/2012.
Oceanic Hawaiian damselflyMegalagrion oceanicumEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57647; 09/18/2012.
Oregon silverspot butterflySpeyeria zerene hippolytaThreatenedU.S.A. (CA, OR, WA)45 FR 44938; 07/02/1980.
PLANTS
No common nameAbutilon sandwicenseEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameAsplenium dielfalcatumEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameAsplenium unisorumEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 32937; 06/27/1994.
KookoolauBidens amplectensEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HahaCyanea acuminataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea calycinaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HahaCyanea crispaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
HahaCyanea grimesiana ssp . obataeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 32937; 06/27/1994.
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HahaCyanea humboldtianaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea koolauensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea lanceolataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HahaCyanea longifloraEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea pinnatifidaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
HahaCyanea purpurellifoliaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HahaCyanea st.-johniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameCyanea superbaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 46239; 09/11/1991.
HahaCyanea truncataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra crenataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra dentataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HaiwaleCyrtandra gracilisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HaiwaleCyrtandra kaulanthaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HaiwaleCyrtandra polyanthaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra sessilisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
HaiwaleCyrtandra subumbellataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HaiwaleCyrtandra viridifloraEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
HaiwaleCyrtandra waiolaniEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
OhaDelissea subcordataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameDoryopteris takeuchiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
NaenaeDubautia herbstobataeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
Fosberg's love grassEragrostis fosbergiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
NioiEugenia koolauensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
AkokoEuphorbia celastroides var. kaenanaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
AkokoEuphorbia deppeanaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
AkokoEuphorbia herbstiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
AkokoEuphorbia kuwaleanaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
AkokoEuphorbia rockiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
Ewa Plains akokoEuphorbia skottsbergii var. skottsbergiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)47 FR 36849; 08/24/1982.
NanuGardenia manniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameKadua degeneriEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameKadua parvulaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
HulumoaKorthalsella degeneriEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
KamakahalaLabordia cyrtandraeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
AnaunauLepidium arbusculaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
Large-flowered woolly meadowfoamLimnanthes floccosa ssp . grandifloraEndangeredU.S.A. (OR)67 FR 68004; 11/07/2002.
NeheLipochaeta lobata ssp . leptophyllaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameLobelia koolauensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameLobelia monostachyaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameLobelia oahuensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
Cook's lomatiumLomatium cookiiEndangeredU.S.A. (OR)67 FR 68004; 11/07/2002.
NeheMelanthera tenuifoliaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
AlaniMelicope christopherseniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
AlaniMelicope hiiakaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
AlaniMelicope lydgateiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
AlaniMelicope makahaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
AlaniMelicope reflexaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)57 FR 46339; 10/08/1992.
AlaniMelicope saint-johniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
KoleaMyrsine juddiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameNeraudia angulataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common namePhyllostegia hirsutaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia kaalaensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia mollisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common namePlatydesma cornuta var . cornutaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
No common namePlatydesma cornuta var . decurrensEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
Hala pepePleomele forbesiiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
Ohe ohePolyscias gymnocarpaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)59 FR 14493; 03/28/1994.
No common namePolyscias lydgateiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
LouluPritchardia kaalaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
KopikoPsychotria hexandra ssp. oahuensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
KauluPteralyxia macrocarpaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.
No common nameSanicula mariversaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
Diamond Head schiedeaSchiedea adamantisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 49643; 09/30/1991.
No common nameSchiedea kaalaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
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MaolioliSchiedea kealiaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea obovataEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameSchiedea trinervisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameSilene perlmaniiEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameStenogyne kanehoanaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)57 FR 20595; 05/13/1992.
Malheur wire-lettuceStephanomeria malheurensisEndangeredU.S.A. (OR)47 FR 50885; 11/10/1982.
No common nameTetramolopium filiformeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameTrematolobelia singularisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
OpuheUrera kaalaeEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
PamakaniViola chamissoniana ssp . chamissonianaEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)56 FR 55785; 10/29/1991.
No common nameViola oahuensisEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)61 FR 53107; 10/10/1996.
AeZanthoxylum oahuenseEndangeredU.S.A. (HI)77 FR 57745; 09/18/2012.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for any species listed above, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in the Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, or Washington Fish and Wildlife Office (see ADDRESSES).

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews addressing species for which the Pacific Region of the Service has lead responsibility is available at http://www.fws.gov/​pacific/​ecoservices/​endangered/​recovery/​5year.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: February 13, 2017.

Theresa E. Rabot,

Acting, Regional Director, Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2017-07940 Filed 4-19-17; 8:45 am]

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