Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.
On April 27, 2017, the Court of International Trade (CIT) issued its final judgment, sustaining the Department of Commerce's (the Department's) remand results pertaining to the third administrative review of the antidumping duty order on certain activated carbon from the People's Republic of China (PRC) covering the period of review (POR) of April 1, 2009, through March 31, 2010. The Department is notifying the public that the final judgment in this case is not in harmony with the final results of the administrative review, and that the Department is amending the final results with respect to Ningxia Huahui Activated Carbon Company, Ltd. (Huahui).
Effective Date: May 7, 2017.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert Palmer, AD/CVD Operations Office VIII, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-9068.
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On October 31, 2011, the Department issued the AR3 Final Results in its review of certain activated carbon from the PRC,
in which the Department calculated zero and de minimis weighted-average dumping margins for the individually-examined respondents.
In the AR3 Final Results, the Department determined that averaging the individually-examined respondents' zero and de minimis rates to establish separate rates for non-selected exporters would not be reasonably reflective of potential dumping margins during the POR.
In Start Printed Page 21978particular, the Department assigned to Huahui the $0.44/kg dumping margin it had assigned Huahui as an individually-examined respondent in the second administrative review, and assigned to all other separate rate respondents a dumping margin of $0.28/kg, which was the margin the Department had assigned to separate rate respondents in the second administrative review.
Certain separate rate respondents and their respective U.S. importers 
challenged the Department's separate rate determinations in the CIT.
The CIT, in Albemarle I, remanded the Department's determination with regard to the separate rates assigned to Shanxi DMD and GHC/BPAC, and ordered the Department to reconsider its assignment of the $0.28/kg dumping margin to those separate rate respondents.
The CIT reserved any decision regarding whether the $0.44/kg dumping margin assigned to Huahui was permissible until its review of the Department's remand redetermination.
On remand following Albemarle I, the Department, under protest, averaged the zero and de minimis margins assigned to the individually-examined respondents in the third administrative review and assigned a dumping margin of zero to the separate rate respondents other than Huahui.
The Department declined to reconsider Huahui's dumping margin on remand, and, therefore, continued to assign the previous rate of $0.44/kg.
Upon review of the Department's First Remand Redetermination, the CIT sustained the Department's assignment of the zero dumping margins to Shanxi DMD and GHC/BPAC, as well as the Department's assignment of a $0.44/kg dumping margin to Huahui.
On December 5, 2014, the Department issued amended final results notifying the public that the final judgment in the case, with respect to Shanxi DMD and GHC/BPAC, was not in harmony with the AR3 Final Results. Accordingly, the Department revised the weighted-average dumping margins for Shanxi DMD and GHC/BPAC to zero dollars per kilogram.
Multiple parties appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit). The Federal Circuit, in Albemarle III, affirmed the CIT's judgment sustaining the Department's First Remand Redetermination with respect to Shanxi DMD and GHC/BPAC, but reversed the CIT's judgment as to the $0.44/kg dumping margin assigned to Huahui.
Specifically, with regard to Huahui, the Federal Circuit found that, given Huahui's history of dumping in the immediately preceding review, the Department had substantial evidence to support a determination that averaging the zero and de minimis rates assigned to the mandatory respondents may not reasonably reflect Huahui's potential dumping margin during the POR.
Nonetheless, although the Federal Circuit held that the Department was entitled to use “other reasonable methods” in assigning a rate to Huahui, the Federal Circuit found that the chosen method of carrying forward Huahui's data from the second administrative review was unreasonable.
In particular, citing the statute's preference for contemporaneity in periodic administrative reviews, the Federal Circuit held that “Commerce could not on this record utilize data from the previous review,” and, “having declined to collect additional information, was required to follow the `expected method' of utilizing the de minimis margins of the individually examined respondents from the contemporaneous period.” 
The Federal Circuit remanded the case to the CIT to issue appropriate instructions to the Department regarding the dumping margin to be assigned to Huahui.
The CIT, in turn, remanded the issue to the Department with the instruction to “redetermine a margin for Huahui in accordance with the holding of the Court of Appeals in Albemarle III.” 
In its Second Remand Redetermination, the Department averaged the zero and de minimis rates calculated for the individually-examined respondents in the third administrative review and assigned the resulting zero dumping margin to Huahui.
On April 27, 2017, the CIT sustained the Second Remand Redetermination and entered judgment accordingly.
The CIT's judgment in Albemarle IV constitutes a final decision that is not in harmony with the Department's AR3 Final Results and the Amended AR3 Final Results.
In its decision in Timken,
as clarified by Diamond Sawblades,
the Federal Circuit held that, pursuant to section 516A(e) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), the Department must publish a notice of a court decision that is not “in harmony” with a Department determination and must suspend liquidation of entries pending a “conclusive” court decision.
This notice is published in fulfillment of the publication requirement of Timken. Accordingly, the Department will continue the suspension of liquidation of the subject merchandise at issue in the Second Remand Redetermination and Albemarle IV pending expiration of the period to appeal or, if appealed, a final and conclusive court decision.
Amended Final Results
Because there is now a final court decision, the Department amends the AR3 Final Results with respect to Huahui. Based on the Second Remand Redetermination, as affirmed by the Court in Albemarle IV, the revised weighted-average dumping margin for Huahui for the period April 1, 2009, through March 31, 2010, is zero.
In the event that the CIT's ruling is not appealed or, if appealed, is upheld by a final and conclusive court decision, the Department will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to assess antidumping duties on unliquidated entries of subject merchandise based on the revised dumping margin listed above.Start Printed Page 21979
Cash Deposit Requirements
Because there have been subsequent administrative reviews for Huahui, the cash deposit rate for Huahui will remain the rate established in the recently-completed AR8 Final Results, which is $1.36/kg.
Notification to Interested Parties
This notice is issued and published in accordance with sections 516A(e)(1), 751(a)(1), and 777(i)(1) of the Act.
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Dated: May 5, 2017.
Associate Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations.
[FR Doc. 2017-09578 Filed 5-10-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P