Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the fiscal year (FY) 2018 annual fee rate for recognized accreditation bodies and accredited certification bodies, and the fee rate for accreditation bodies applying to be recognized in the third-party certification program that is authorized by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Donald Prater, Office of Foods and Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 1, Rm. 3234, Silver Spring, MD 20993, 301-348-3007.
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This fee is effective October 1, 2017.
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Section 307 of FSMA, Accreditation of Third-Party Auditors, amended the FD&C Act to create a new provision, section 808, under the same name. Section 808 of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 384d) directs FDA to establish a program for accreditation of third-party certification bodies 
conducting food safety audits and issuing food and facility certifications to eligible foreign entities (including registered foreign food facilities) that meet our applicable requirements. Under this provision, we established a system for FDA to recognize accreditation bodies to accredit certification bodies, except for limited circumstances in which we may directly accredit certification bodies to participate in the third-party certification program.
Section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act directs FDA to establish a reimbursement (user fee) program by which we assess fees and require reimbursement for the work FDA performs to establish and administer the third-party certification program under section 808 of the FD&C Act. The user fee program for the third-party certification program was established by a final rule entitled “Amendments to Accreditation of Third-Party Certification Bodies to Conduct Food Safety Audits and To Issue Certifications to Provide for the User Fee Program” (81 FR 90186, December 14, 2016).
The FSMA FY 2018 third-party certification program user fee rate announced in this notice is effective on October 1, 2017, and will remain in effect through September 30, 2018.
II. Estimating the Average Cost of a Supported Direct FDA Work Hour for FY 2018
In each year, the costs of salary (or personnel compensation) and benefits for FDA employees account for between 50 and 60 percent of the funds available to, and used by, FDA. Almost all of the remaining funds (operating funds) available to FDA are used to support FDA employees for paying rent, travel, utility, information technology, and other operating costs.
A. Estimating the Full Cost per Direct Work Hour in FY 2018
Full-time Equivalent (FTE) reflects the total number of regular straight-time hours—not including overtime or holiday hours—worked by employees, Start Printed Page 41036divided by the number of compensable hours applicable to each fiscal year. Annual leave, sick leave, compensatory time off, and other approved leave categories are considered “hours worked” for purposes of defining FTE employment.
In general, the starting point for estimating the full cost per direct work hour is to estimate the cost of an FTE or paid staff year. Calculating an Agency-wide total cost per FTE requires three primary cost elements: Payroll, non-payroll, and rent.
We have used an average of past year cost elements to predict the FY 2018 cost. The FY 2018 FDA-wide average cost for payroll (salaries and benefits) is $154,638; non-payroll—including equipment, supplies, IT, general and administrative overhead—is $89,224; and rent, including cost allocation analysis and adjustments for other rent and rent-related costs, is $23,922 per paid staff year, excluding travel costs.
Summing the average cost of an FTE for payroll, non-payroll, and rent, brings the FY 2018 average fully supported cost to $267,783 per FTE, excluding travel costs. FDA will use this base unit fee in determining the hourly fee rate for third party certification user fees for FY 2018 prior to including travel costs as applicable for the activity.
To calculate an hourly rate, FDA must divide the FY 2018 average fully supported cost of $267,783 per FTE by the average number of supported direct FDA work hours in FY 2016—the last FY for which data are available. See table 1.
Table 1—Supported Direct FDA Work Hours in a Paid Staff Year in FY 2016
|Total Number of Hours in a Paid Staff Year||2,080|
|10 paid holidays||−80|
|20 days of annual leave||−160|
|10 days of sick leave||−80|
|12.5 days of training||−100|
|26.5 days of general administration||−184|
|26.5 days of travel||−212|
|2 hours of meetings per week||−104|
|Net Supported Direct FDA Work Hours Available for Assignments||=1,160|
Dividing the average fully supported FTE cost in FY 2018 ($267,783) by the total number of supported direct work hours available for assignment in FY 2016 (1,160) results in an average fully supported cost of $231 (rounded to the nearest dollar), excluding travel costs, per supported direct work hour in FY 2018.
B. Adjusting FY 2016 Travel Costs for Inflation To Estimate FY 2018 Travel Costs
To adjust the hourly rate for FY 2018, FDA must estimate the cost of inflation in each year for FY 2017 and FY 2018. FDA uses the method prescribed for estimating inflationary costs under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) provisions of the FD&C Act (section 736(c)(1) (21 U.S.C. 379h(c)(1)), the statutory method for inflation adjustment in the FD&C Act that FDA has used consistently. FDA previously determined the FY 2017 inflation rate to be 1.5468 percent; this rate was published in the FY2017 PDUFA user fee rates notice in the Federal Register. Utilizing the method set forth in section 736(c)(1) of the FD&C Act, FDA has calculated an inflation rate of 1.5468 percent for FY 2017 and 1.6868 percent for FY 2018 and FDA intends to use this inflation rate to make inflation adjustments for FY 2018 for several of its user fee programs; the derivation of this rate will be published in the Federal Register in the FY 2018 notice for the PDUFA user fee rates. The compounded inflation rate for FYs 2017 and 2018, therefore, is 1.032597 (or 3.2597 percent) (1 plus 1.5468 percent times 1 plus 1.6868 percent).
The average fully supported cost per supported direct FDA work hour, excluding travel costs, of $231 already takes into account inflation as the calculation above is based on FY 2018 predicted costs. FDA will use this base unit fee in determining the hourly fee rate for third-party certification program fees for FY 2018 prior to including travel costs as applicable for the activity. For the purpose of estimating the fee, we are using the travel cost rate for foreign travel because we anticipate that the vast majority of onsite assessments made by FDA under this program will require foreign travel. In FY 2016, the Office of Regulatory Affairs spent a total of $2,166,592 on 344.31 foreign inspection trips related to FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition and Center for Veterinary Medicine field activities programs, which averaged a total of $6,293 per foreign inspection trip. These trips averaged 3 weeks (or 120 paid hours) per trip. Dividing $6,293 per trip by 120 hours per trip results in a total and an additional cost of $52 (rounded to the nearest dollar) per paid hour spent for foreign inspection travel costs in FY 2016. To adjust $52 for inflationary increases in FY 2017 and FY 2018, FDA must multiply it by the same inflation factor mentioned previously in this document (1.032597 or 3.2597 percent), which results in an estimated cost of $54 (rounded to the nearest dollar) per paid hour in addition to $231 for a total of $285 per paid hour ($231 plus $54) for each direct hour of work requiring foreign inspection travel. FDA will use these rates in charging fees in FY 2018 when travel is required for the third-party certification program.
Table 2—FSMA Fee Schedule for FY 2018
|Fee category||Fee rates for FY 2018|
|Hourly rate without travel||$231|
|Hourly rate if travel is required||285|
III. Fees for Accreditation Bodies and Certification Bodies in the Third-Party Certification Program Under Section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act
The third-party certification program assesses application fees and annual fees. In FY18, the only fees that will be collected by FDA under section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act are the initial application fee for accreditation bodies seeking recognition, the annual fee for recognized accreditation bodies, and the annual fee for certification bodies accredited by a recognized accreditation body. Table 3 provides an overview of the fees for FY 2018.
Table 3—FSMA Third-Party Certification Program User Fee Schedule for FY 2018
|Fee category||Fee rates for FY 2018|
|Initial Application Fee for Accreditation Body Seeking Recognition||$37,935|
|Annual Fee for Recognized Accreditation Body||1,752|
|Annual Fee for Accredited Certification Body||2,190|
A. Application Fee for Accreditation Bodies Applying for Recognition in the Third-Party Certification Program Under Section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act
Section 1.705(a)(1) (21 CFR 1.705(a)(1)) establishes an application fee for accreditation bodies applying for initial recognition that represents the estimated average cost of the work FDA performs in reviewing and evaluating initial applications for recognition of accreditation bodies.
The fee is based on the fully supported FTE hourly rates and estimates of the number of hours it Start Printed Page 41037would take FDA to perform relevant activities. These estimates represent FDA's current thinking, and as the program evolves, FDA will reconsider the estimated hours. We estimate that it would take, on average, 60 person-hours to review an accreditation body's submitted application, 48 person-hours for an onsite performance evaluation of the applicant (including travel and other steps necessary for a fully supported FTE to complete an onsite assessment), and 45 person-hours to prepare a written report documenting the onsite assessment.
FDA employees are likely to review applications and prepare reports from their worksites, so we use the fully supported FTE hourly rate excluding travel, $231/hour, to calculate the portion of the user fee attributable to those activities: $231/hour × (60 hours + 45 hours) = $24,255. FDA employees will likely travel to foreign countries for the onsite performance evaluations because most accreditation bodies are located in foreign countries. For this portion of the fee we use the fully supported FTE hourly rate for work requiring travel, $285/hour, to calculate the portion of the user fee attributable to those activities: $285/hour × 48 hours (i.e., 2 fully supported FTEs × (2 travel days + 1 day onsite)) = $13,680. The estimated average cost of the work FDA performs in total for reviewing an initial application for recognition for an accreditation body based on these figures would be $24,255 + $13,680 = $37,935. Therefore the application fee for accreditation bodies applying for recognition in FY 2018 will be $37,935.
B. Annual Fee for Accreditation Bodies Participating in the Third-Party Certification Program Under Section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act
To calculate the annual fee for each recognized accreditation body, FDA takes the estimated average cost of work FDA performs to monitor performance of a single recognized accreditation body and annualizes that over the average term of recognition. At this time we assume an average term of recognition of 5 years. We also assume that FDA will monitor 10 percent of recognized accreditation bodies onsite. As the program proceeds, we will adjust the term of recognition as appropriate. We estimate that for one performance evaluation of a recognized accreditation body, it would take, on average (taking into account that not all recognized accreditation bodies would be monitored onsite), 24 hours for FDA to conduct records review, 8 hours to prepare a report detailing the records review and onsite performance evaluation, and 4.8 hours of onsite performance evaluation (i.e., 10 percent × 2 fully supported FTEs × (2 travel days + 2 day onsite)). Using the fully supported FTE hourly rates in table 2, the estimated average cost of the work FDA performs to monitor performance of a single recognized accreditation body would be $7,392 ($231/hour × (24 hours + 8 hours)) plus $1,368 ($285/hour × 4.8 hours), which is $8,760. Annualizing this amount over 5 years would lead to an annual fee for recognized accreditation bodies of $1,752 for FY 2018.
C. Annual Fee for Certification Bodies Accredited by a Recognized Accreditation Body in the Third-Party Certification Program Under Section 808(c)(8) of the FD&C Act
To calculate the annual fee for a certification body accredited by a recognized accreditation body, FDA takes the estimated average cost of work FDA performs to monitor performance of a single certification body accredited by a recognized accreditation body and annualizes that over the average term of accreditation. At this time we assume an average term of accreditation of 4 years. This fee is based on the fully supported FTE hourly rates and estimates of the number of hours it would take FDA to perform relevant activities. We estimate that FDA would conduct, on average, the same activities, for the same amount of time to monitor certification bodies accredited by a recognized accreditation body as we would to monitor an accreditation body recognized by FDA. Using the fully supported FTE hourly rates in table 2, the estimated average cost of the work FDA performs to monitor performance of a single accredited certification body would be $7,392 ($231/hour × (24 hours + 8 hours)) plus $1,368 ($285/hour × 4.8 hours), which is $8,760. Annualizing this amount over 4 years would lead to an annual fee for accredited certification bodies of $2,190 for FY 2018.
IV. Estimated Fees for Accreditation Bodies and Certification Bodies in Other Fee Categories for FY 2018
Section 1.705(a) also establishes application fees for recognized accreditation bodies submitting renewal applications, certification bodies applying for direct accreditation, and certification bodies applying for renewal of direct accreditation. Section 1.705(b) establishes annual fees for recognized accreditation bodies, certification bodies directly accredited by FDA, and certification bodies accredited by recognized accreditation bodies.
Although we will not be collecting all of these other fees in FY 2018, for transparency and planning purposes, we have provided an estimate of what these fees would be for FY 2018 based on the fully supported FTE hourly rates for FY 2018 and estimates of the number of hours it would take FDA to perform relevant activities as outlined in the Final Regulatory Impact Analysis for the Third-Party Certification Regulation. Table 4 provides an overview of the estimated fees for other fee categories.
Table 4—Estimated Fee Rates for Other Fee Categories Under the FSMA Third-Party Certification Program
|Fee category||Estimated fee rates for FY 2018|
|Renewal application fee for recognized accreditation body||$21,049|
|Initial application fee for certification body seeking direct-accreditation from FDA||37,935|
|Renewal application fee for directly-accredited certification body||28,755|
|Annual fee for certification body directly-accredited by FDA||21,072|
V. How must the fee be paid?
Accreditation bodies seeking initial recognition must submit the application fee with the application.
For recognized accreditation bodies and accredited certification bodies, an invoice will be sent annually. Payment must be made within 30 days of the invoice date. Detailed payment information will be included with the invoice when it is issued.
VI. What are the consequences of not paying this fee?
The consequences of not paying these fees are outlined in § 1.725. If FDA does not receive an application fee with an application for recognition, the application will be considered incomplete and FDA will not review the application. If a recognized accreditation body fails to submit its annual user fee within 30 days of the due date, we will suspend its recognition. If the recognized accreditation body fails to submit its annual user fee within 90 days of the due date, we will revoke its recognition. If an accredited certification body fails to pay its annual fee within 30 days of the due date, we will suspend its accreditation. If the accredited certification body fails to pay its annual Start Printed Page 41038fee within 90 days of the due date, we will withdraw its accreditation.
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Dated: August 23, 2017.
Anna K. Abram,
Deputy Commissioner for Policy, Planning, Legislation, and Analysis.
[FR Doc. 2017-18222 Filed 8-28-17; 8:45 am]
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