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Proposed Rule

Amendment to Standard for All-Terrain Vehicles; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

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AGENCY:

Consumer Product Safety Commission.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking.

SUMMARY:

The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) required the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or the Commission) to publish, as a mandatory consumer product safety standard, the American National Standard for Four-Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles Equipment Configuration, and Performance Requirements, developed by the Specialty Vehicle Institute of America (ANSI/SVIA 1-2007). CPSC published that mandatory consumer product safety standard on November 14, 2008. ANSI/SVIA issued a 2017 edition of its standard in June 2017. In accordance with the CPSIA, CPSC proposes to amend the Commission's mandatory ATV standard to reference the 2017 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard.

DATES:

Submit comments by November 27, 2017.

ADDRESSES:

Comments related to the proposed rule, identified by Docket No. CPSC-2017-0032, may be submitted electronically or in writing:

Electronic Submissions: Submit electronic comments to the Federal eRulemaking Portal at: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. The Commission does not accept comments submitted by email, except through www.regulations.gov. The Commission encourages you to submit electronic comments by using the Start Printed Page 42961Federal eRulemaking Portal, as described above.

Written Submissions: Submit written submissions by mail/hand delivery/courier to: Office of the Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814; telephone (301) 504-7923.

Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number for this proposed rulemaking. All comments received may be posted without change, including any personal identifiers, contact information, or other personal information provided, to: http://www.regulations.gov. Do not submit confidential business information, trade secret information, or other sensitive or protected information that you do not want to be available to the public. If furnished at all, such information should be submitted in writing.

Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to: http://www.regulations.gov, and insert the docket number, CPSC-2017-0032, into the “Search” box, and follow the prompts.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Caroleene Paul, Project Manager, Directorate for Engineering Sciences, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 5 Research Place, Rockville, MD 20850; telephone: (301) 987-2225; email: cpaul@cpsc.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background and Statutory Authority

The CPSIA directed the Commission to “publish in the Federal Register as a mandatory consumer product safety standard the American National Standard for Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles Equipment Configuration, and Performance Requirements developed by the Specialty Vehicle Institute of America (American National Standard ANSI/SVIA 1-2007).” 15 U.S.C. 2089(a)(1), as added by section 232 of the CPSIA. Accordingly, on November 14, 2008, CPSC published a final rule mandating ANSI/SVIA 1-2007 as a consumer product safety standard. 73 FR 67385. The final rule was codified at 16 CFR part 1420. The Commission has revised the mandatory standard once in accordance with the revision procedures set out in the CPSIA. On February 29, 2012, the Commission published a final rule that amended the Commission's ATV standard to reference the 2010 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard. 77 FR 12197. On June 14, 2017, ANSI notified the Commission that the 2010 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard had been revised, and that the new standard, ANSI/SVIA 1-2017, was approved on June 8, 2017.

Section 42(b) of the CPSA provides that, if ANSI/SVIA 1-2007 is revised after the Commission has published a Federal Register notice mandating the standard as a consumer product safety standard, ANSI must notify the Commission of the revision, and the Commission has 120 days after it receives that notification to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend the Commission's mandatory ATV standard “to include any such revision that the Commission determines is reasonably related to the safe performance of [ATVs] and notify the Institute of any provision it has determined not to be so related.” 15 U.S.C. 2089(b)(1) and (2). Thereafter, the Commission has 180 days after publication of the proposed amendment to publish a final amendment to revise the ATV standard. Id.

II. Evaluation of ANSI/SVIA 1-2017

ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 contains requirements and test methods relating to ATVs, including vehicle equipment and configuration, vehicle speed capability, brake performance, pitch stability, electromagnetic compatibility, and sound level limits. The Commission reviewed the 2017 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard and compared it with the 2010 edition, which is currently the mandated consumer product safety standard for ATVs. The Commission considers the following revisions to be material changes:

Requirements for stop lamps or combination tail-stop lamps on all categories of ATVs;

Requirements for reflectors for all categories of ATVs.

The standard provides that it will take effect “beginning with 2019 model year vehicles.” As explained below, the Commission believes that these revisions are reasonably related to the safe performance of ATVs.

A. Stop Lamps and Reflectors

ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 Section 4.17, Lighting & Reflective Equipment, states that all ATVs shall be equipped with lighting and reflective devices.

1. Stop Lamps

ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 requires stop lamps or combination tail-stop lamps on all adult and transition category ATVs. In May 2015, CPSC requested that SVIA consider adding requirements relating to stop lamps to increase the detectability of ATVs. CPSC staff reviewed 1 year (2007) of ATV-related fatality data involving two ATVs colliding, and identified 13 rear-end collisions. Of the 13 incidents, eight involved a leading ATV slowing or stopping and a following ATV colliding with the leading vehicle. Although this is only a preliminary analysis, the data illustrate a hazard pattern of rear-end collisions related to braking. CPSC staff subsequently worked with SVIA to develop the stop lamp requirements contained in ANSI/SVIA 1-2017. The Commission believes that adding stop lamp requirements in ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 improves the optional provision in the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard, and that this addition may reduce rear-end collisions related to non-detection of a vehicle braking.

2. Reflectors

ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 requires one amber reflector on each side of the ATV (mounted as far forward as practicable), one red reflector on each side of the ATV (mounted as far rearward as practicable), one red reflector on the rear of the vehicle, and one white reflector on the front of the ATV, if not equipped with a headlamp or conspicuity light. These requirements are for all categories of ATV. In May 2015, CPSC requested that SVIA consider adding requirements relating to reflectors, and worked with SVIA in developing the reflector requirements contained in ANSI/SVIA 1-2017.

Reflector use may increase the detectability of ATVs. CPSC staff's preliminary review of 331 fatal ATV-related vehicular collision incidents found that more than 30 percent of these incidents occurred at night and an additional 5 percent occurred in low light (i.e., dusk). Although many factors contribute to incidents, increasing the visibility of ATVs at night will raise the likelihood that the driver of an oncoming vehicle will detect the ATV. Early detection of an ATV may allow the driver of an oncoming vehicle sufficient time to react and avoid a collision.

Because fatalities occur when ATVs cross public roads between fields or trails, CPSC believes that the requirement for side reflectors is crucial to any new efforts to increase vehicle visibility. The Commission believes that the ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 reflector requirements improve the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard (which lacked a reflector requirement), and that requirements for reflectors to increase the visibility of an ATV at night may reduce vehicular collisions related to non-detection of other vehicles.Start Printed Page 42962

III. Effective Date

The CPSIA provides a timetable for the Commission to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking (within 120 days of receiving notification of a revised ANSI/SVIA standard) and to issue a final rule (within 180 days of publication of the proposed rule), but it does not set an effective date. Since issuing the ATV standard in 2009, the Commission has revised it once, in accordance with the revision procedures set out in the CPSIA. Based on comments to the NPR from several ATV companies, the final rule amending the Commission's ATV standard to reference the 2010 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard provided for an effective date of 60 days from publication of the final rule.

Data from CPSC's ATV Special Study show that 97 percent of consumers who reported that their vehicle had a tail lamp, also claimed that the vehicle had a stop lamp. This suggests that adding stop lamps to ATVs to meet the new ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 requirements will require minimal changes to current production. Additionally, reflectors are a low-technology product that can be obtained in bulk as sheets or rolls of tape. Attaching reflectors in the correct positions on ATVs does not require test and evaluation effort. This suggests that adding reflectors to ATVs to meet the new ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 requirements will require minimal design and labor changes. CPSC believes that the revisions to the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard will not require significant vehicle design and testing, and that a 60-day effective date for this proposed rule will allow companies sufficient time to update their certification labels. Thus, the Commission proposes that the rule would take effect 60 days after publication of a final rule in the Federal Register, and it would apply to ATVs manufactured or imported on or after that date.

IV. Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires that agencies review a proposed rule for the rule's potential economic impact on small entities, including small businesses. Section 603 of the RFA generally requires that agencies prepare an initial regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) and make the analysis available to the public for comment when the agency publishes an NPR. 5 U.S.C. 603. Section 605 of the RFA provides that an IRFA is not required if the agency certifies that the rule, if promulgated, will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. As explained in this section, the Commission certifies that ANSI/SVIA standard, if promulgated as a final rule, will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 5 U.S.C. 605(b).

The proposed rule would revise the mandatory ATV standard to incorporate the revisions in the 2017 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard. The most significant changes involve requirements for brake-actuated stop lamps and reflectors. CSPC believes that the vast majority of ATVs already comply with these requirements. Consequently, the Commission anticipates that the cost of the changes required to bring ATVs that do not comply into compliance with the rule will be very low on a per-unit basis. Furthermore, other changes to the standard either increase the options for manufacturers in designing and equipping their vehicles, or are minor changes that clarify—but do not change—the standard's requirement. For these reasons, the Commission certifies that the proposed rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities.

V. The Proposed Rule

The proposed rule would revise § 1420.3, “Requirements for four-wheel ATVs.” The current rule refers to the ANSI/SVIA 1-2010 standard; the proposed rule would replace this reference with the ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 edition of the standard.

VI. Paperwork Reduction Act

This proposed amendment would not impose any information collection requirements. Accordingly, this rule is not subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3520.

VII. Environmental Considerations

The Commission's regulations provide a categorical exemption for the Commission's rules from any requirement to prepare an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement as they “have little or no potential for affecting the human environment.” 16 CFR 1021.5(c)(2). This proposed amendment falls within the categorical exemption.

VIII. Incorporation by Reference

The Commission proposes to incorporate by reference ANSI/SVIA 1-2017. The Office of the Federal Register (OFR) has regulations concerning incorporation by reference. 1 CFR part 51. For a proposed rule, agencies must discuss in the preamble to the NPR ways that the materials the agency proposes to incorporate by reference are reasonably available to interested persons or how the agency worked to make the materials reasonably available. In addition, the preamble to the proposed rule must summarize the material. 1 CFR 51.5(a).

In accordance with the OFR's requirements, section II of this preamble summarizes the provisions of ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 that the Commission proposes to incorporate by reference. ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 is copyrighted. Interested persons may purchase a copy of ANSI/SVIA 1-2017 from Specialty Vehicle Institute of America, 2 Jenner, Suite 150, Irvine, CA 92618-3806; telephone: 949-727-3727 ext. 3023; www.svia.org. One may also inspect a copy at CPSC's Office of the Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814, telephone: 301-504-7923.

IX. Preemption

Section 26(a) of the CPSA, 15 U.S.C. 2075(a), provides that when a consumer product safety standard is in effect and applies to a product, no state or political subdivision of a state may either establish or continue in effect a standard or regulation that prescribes requirements for the performance, composition, contents, design, finish, construction, packaging, or labeling of such product dealing with the same risk of injury unless the state requirement is identical to the federal standard. Section 26(c) of the CPSA also provides that states or political subdivisions of states may apply to the Commission for an exemption from this preemption under certain circumstances. Section 232(a)(1) of the CPSIA refers to the rules to be issued under that section as “consumer product safety standards.” Therefore, the preemption provision of section 26(a) of the CPSA would apply to a rule issued under section 232 of the CPSIA.

X. Notice of Requirements

The CPSA establishes certain requirements for product certification and testing. Certification of children's products subject to a children's product safety rule must be based on testing conducted by a CPSC-accepted third-party conformity assessment body. 15 U.S.C. 2063(a)(2). The Commission is required to publish a notice of requirements (NOR) for the accreditation of third-party conformity assessment bodies to assess conformity with a children's product safety rule to which a children's product is subject. Id. 2063(a)(3). On August 27, 2010, the Commission published an NOR for accreditation of third-party conformity Start Printed Page 42963assessment bodies for testing ATVs designed or intended primarily for children 12 years of age or younger. 75 FR 52616. Because the revisions to the 2010 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard would not substantially alter third-party conformance testing requirements for ATVs designed or intended primarily for children 12 years of age or younger, the current NOR for third-party testing of youth ATVs will remain unchanged. Thus, the Commission considers the existing accreditations that the Commission has accepted for testing to the ATV standard also cover testing to the revised ATV standard.

XI. Request for Comments

This NPR begins a rulemaking proceeding under section 232 of the CPSIA to amend the Commission's mandatory ATV standard to reference the 2017 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard. We invite all interested persons to submit comments on any aspect of this proposal. During the comment period, ANSI/SVIA 1-2017, American National Standard for Four-Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles Equipment Configuration, and Performance Requirements, is available for inspection at the CPSC's Office of the Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814, telephone 301-504-7923. Comments should be submitted in accordance with the instructions in the ADDRESSES section at the beginning of this notice.

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List of Subjects in 16 CFR Part 1420

  • Consumer protection
  • Imports
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Infants and children
  • Information
  • Labeling
  • Law enforcement
  • Recreation and recreation areas
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Safety
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For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Commission proposes to amend Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as follows:

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PART 1420—REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES

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1. The authority citation for part 1420 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, Pub. Law 110-314, § 232, 122 Stat. 3016 (August 14, 2008).

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2. In the second sentence of § 1420.1, remove the words, “April 30, 2012,” and add in their place “(date 60 days after publication of a final rule in the Federal Register).”

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3. Revise § 1420.3 to read as follows:

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Requirements for four-wheel ATVs.

Each ATV shall comply with all applicable provisions of the American National Standard for Four-Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles (American National Standards Institute, Inc. ANSI/SVIA 1-2017), approved on June 8, 2017. The Director of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from Specialty Vehicle Institute of America, 2 Jenner, Suite 150, Irvine, CA 92618-3806; telephone: 949-727-3727 ext.3023; www.svia.org. You may inspect a copy at the Office of the Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814, telephone: 301-504-7923, or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/​federal-register/​cfr/​ibr-locations.html.

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Alberta E. Mills,

Acting Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission.

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[FR Doc. 2017-19341 Filed 9-12-17; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6355-01-P