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Highly Concentrated Caffeine in Dietary Supplements; Guidance for Industry; Availability

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice of availability.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry, “Highly Concentrated Caffeine in Dietary Supplements.” FDA considers some dietary supplements that consist of only or primarily pure or highly concentrated caffeine to be adulterated. FDA is issuing this document to provide guidance to firms that manufacture, market, or distribute dietary supplement products that contain pure or highly concentrated caffeine, or are considering doing so. This guidance should help such parties determine whether their products are or would be adulterated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and to help them understand how to reduce the likelihood that their products will be considered adulterated.

DATES:

The announcement of the guidance is published in the Federal Register on April 16, 2018.

ADDRESSES:

You may submit either electronic or written comments on Agency guidances at any time as follows:

Electronic Submissions

Submit electronic comments in the following way:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Comments submitted electronically, including attachments, to https://www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your comment will be made public, you are solely responsible for ensuring that your comment does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else's Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your comments, that information will be posted on https://www.regulations.gov.
  • If you want to submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the comment as a written/paper submission and in the manner detailed (see “Written/Paper Submissions” and “Instructions”).

Written/Paper Submissions

Submit written/paper submissions as follows:

  • Mail/Hand delivery/Courier (for written/paper submissions): Dockets Management Staff (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
  • For written/paper comments submitted to the Dockets Management Staff, FDA will post your comment, as well as any attachments, except for information submitted, marked and identified, as confidential, if submitted as detailed in “Instructions.”

Instructions: All submissions received must include the Docket No. FDA-2018-D-1189 for “Highly Concentrated Caffeine in Dietary Supplements; Guidance for Industry; Availability.” Received comments will be placed in the docket and, except for those submitted as “Confidential Submissions,” publicly viewable at https://www.regulations.gov or at the Dockets Management Staff between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

  • Confidential Submissions—To submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made publicly available, submit your comments only as a written/paper submission. You should submit two copies total. One copy will include the information you claim to be confidential with a heading or cover note that states “THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.” We will review this copy, including the claimed confidential information, in our consideration of comments. The second copy, which will have the claimed confidential information redacted/blacked out, will be available for public viewing and posted on https://www.regulations.gov. Submit both copies to the Dockets Management Staff. If you do not wish your name and contact information to be made publicly available, you can provide this information on the cover sheet and not in the body of your comments and you must identify this information as “confidential.” Any information marked as “confidential” will not be disclosed except in accordance with 21 CFR 10.20 and other applicable disclosure law. For more information about FDA's posting of comments to public dockets, see 80 FR 56469, September 18, 2015, or access the information at: https://www.gpo.gov/​fdsys/​pkg/​FR-2015-09-18/​pdf/​2015-23389.pdf.

Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or the electronic and written/paper comments received, go to https://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Dockets Management Staff, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

You may submit comments on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)).

Submit written requests for single copies of the guidance to Office of Dietary Supplement Programs, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 5001 Campus Dr., College Park, MD 20740. Send two self-addressed adhesive labels to assist that office in processing your Start Printed Page 16370requests. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Sibyl Swift, Office of Dietary Supplement Programs, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 5001 Campus Dr., College Park, MD 20740, 240-402-1455.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

We are announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Highly Concentrated Caffeine in Dietary Supplements.” We are issuing this guidance consistent with our good guidance practices (GGP) regulation 21 CFR 10.115. In accordance with 21 CFR § 10.115(g)(2), we are issuing this guidance without prior public comment because we have determined that prior public participation is not feasible or appropriate in light of the threat to the public health that is posed by pure and highly concentrated caffeine products, which have been linked to several deaths in recent years. Although this guidance is immediately in effect, it remains subject to comment in accordance with FDA's GGP regulation.

In this guidance, we are announcing that we consider some dietary supplements containing high concentrations of caffeine to be adulterated and informing industry about characteristics that are likely to lead to products being considered adulterated. A dietary supplement is adulterated under section 402(f)(1)(A) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 342(f)(1)(A)) if it presents a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury under the conditions of use recommended or suggested in the labeling or, if no conditions for use are suggested or recommended, under ordinary conditions of use. In recent years, we have seen the emergence of powdered and liquid dietary supplement products containing high concentrations of caffeine marketed directly to consumers. These products are often sold in bulk containers with hundreds or thousands of servings in the container, and even a small dose can be toxic or deadly. The consumer is required to measure out a small, precise serving from what is often a potentially lethal amount of product. These products pose a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury.

When formulated appropriately, caffeine can be an ingredient in a dietary supplement that does not present a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury. The guidance provides suggestions on how manufacturers can formulate safer dietary supplements containing caffeine that do not present a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury.

The guidance represents our current thinking on dietary supplements containing high concentrations of caffeine. It does not establish any rights for any person and is not binding on FDA or the public. You can use an alternative approach if it satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations. This guidance is not subject to Executive Order 12866.

II. Electronic Access

Persons with access to the internet may obtain the document at either https://www.fda.gov/​FoodGuidances or https://www.regulations.gov.

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Dated: April 11, 2018.

Leslie Kux,

Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2018-07836 Filed 4-13-18; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4164-01-P