Skip to Content

Notice

Report on Countries That Are Candidates for Millennium Challenge Account Eligibility in Fiscal Year 2019 and Countries That Would Be Candidates but for Legal Prohibitions

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Millennium Challenge Corporation.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

Section 608(a) of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 requires the Millennium Challenge Corporation to publish a report that identifies countries that are “candidate countries” for Millennium Challenge Account assistance during FY 2019. The report is set forth in full below.

Start Signature

Dated: August 30, 2018.

Jeanne M. Hauch,

VP/General Counsel and Corporate Secretary.

End Signature

Report on Countries That Are Candidates for Millennium Challenge Compact Eligibility for Fiscal Year 2019 and Countries that would be Candidates but for Legal Prohibitions

Summary

This report to Congress is provided in accordance with section 608(a) of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, as amended, 22 U.S.C. 7701, 7707(a) (the Act).

The Act authorizes the provision of assistance for global development through the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) for countries that enter into a Millennium Challenge Compact with the United States to support policies and programs that advance the progress of such countries to achieve lasting economic growth and poverty reduction. The Act requires MCC to take a number of steps in selecting countries with which MCC will seek to enter into a compact, including determining the countries that will be eligible countries for fiscal year (FY) 2019 based on (a) a country's demonstrated commitment to (i) just and democratic governance, (ii) economic freedom, and (iii) investments in its people; and (b) the opportunity to reduce poverty and generate economic growth in the country, and (c) the availability of funds to MCC. These steps include the submission to the congressional committees specified in the Act and publication in the Federal Register of reports on the following:

○ The countries that are “candidate countries” for FY 2019 based on their per capita income levels and their eligibility to receive assistance under U.S. law and countries that would be candidate countries but for specified legal prohibitions on assistance (section 608(a) of the Act);

○ The criteria and methodology that the MCC Board of Directors (Board) will use to measure and evaluate the relative policy performance of the “candidate countries” consistent with the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of section 607 of the Act in order to determine “eligible countries” from among the “candidate countries” (section 608(b) of the Act); and

○ The list of countries determined by the Board to be “eligible countries” for FY 2019, identification of such countries with which the Board will seek to enter into compacts, and a justification for such eligibility determination and selection for compact negotiation (section 608(d) of the Act).

This report is the first of three required reports listed above.

Candidate Countries for FY 2019

The Act requires the identification of all countries that are candidate countries for FY 2019 and the identification of all countries that would be candidate countries but for specified legal prohibitions on assistance. Under sections 606(a) and (b) of the Act, candidate countries must qualify as low income or lower middle income countries as defined in the Act.

Specifically, a country will be a candidate country in the low income category for FY 2019 if it:

○ Has a per capita income that is not greater than the World Bank's lower middle income country threshold for such fiscal year ($3,895 gross national income per capita for FY 2019);Start Printed Page 45144

○ Is among the 75 countries identified by the World Bank as having the lowest per capita income; and

○ Is not ineligible to receive United States economic assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended (the Foreign Assistance Act), by reason of the application of the Foreign Assistance Act or any other provision of law.

A country will be a candidate country in the lower middle income category for FY 2019 if it:

○ Has a per capita income that is not greater than the World Bank's lower middle income country threshold for such fiscal year ($3,895 gross national income per capita for FY 2019);

○ Is not among the 75 countries identified by the World Bank as having the lowest per capita income; and

○ Is not ineligible to receive United States economic assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act by reason of the application of the Foreign Assistance Act or any other provision of law.

Under section 606(c) of the Act as applied for FY 2019, a country with per capita income changes from FY 2018 to FY 2019 such that the country would be reclassified from the low income category to the lower middle income category or vice versa will retain its income status in its former category for FY 2019 and two subsequent fiscal years (FY 2020 and FY 2021). A country that has transitioned to the upper middle income category does not qualify as a candidate country.

Pursuant to section 606(d) of the Act, the Board identified the following countries as candidate countries under the Act for FY 2019. In so doing, the Board referred to the prohibitions on assistance to countries for FY 2018 under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2018.

Candidate Countries: Low Income Category

Afghanistan

Angola

Bangladesh

Benin

Bhutan

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cabo Verde

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Comoros

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Congo, Republic of the

Côte d'Ivoire

Djibouti

Egypt

Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)

Ethiopia

Gambia, The

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Haiti

Honduras

India

Indonesia

Kenya

Kiribati

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Lesotho

Liberia

Madagascar

Malawi

Mali

Mauritania

Micronesia, Federated States of

Moldova

Morocco

Mozambique

Nepal

Niger

Nigeria

Pakistan

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

São Tomé and Principe

Senegal

Sierra Leone

Solomon Islands

Somalia

Sri Lanka

Tajikistan

Tanzania

Timor-Leste

Togo

Uganda

Ukraine

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Candidate Countries: Lower Middle Income Category

El Salvador

Georgia

Kosovo

Mongolia

Tunisia

Countries That Would Be Candidate Countries but for Legal Provisions That Prohibit Assistance

Countries that would be considered candidate countries for FY 2019 but are ineligible to receive United States economic assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act by reason of the application of any provision of the Foreign Assistance Act or any other provision of law are listed below. This list is based on legal prohibitions against economic assistance that apply as of July 26, 2018.

Prohibited Countries: Low Income Category

Bolivia is ineligible to receive foreign assistance pursuant to section 706(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (P.L. 107-228), regarding adherence to obligations under international counternarcotics agreements and other counternarcotics measures.

Burma is ineligible to receive U.S. economic assistance, absent special authority, because of concerns relative to its record on human rights.

Cambodia is ineligible to receive foreign assistance pursuant to section 7043(b)(1) of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which restricts assistance to the Government of Cambodia unless the Secretary of State certifies that the Government of Cambodia is taking effective steps to strengthen regional security and stability and respect the rights and responsibilities enshrined in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Eritrea is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including due to its status as a Tier III country under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.).

The central Government of Nicaragua is ineligible to receive foreign assistance pursuant to section 7070(c) of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits assistance for the central government of a country that the Secretary of State determines has recognized the independence of, or has established diplomatic relations with, the Russian occupied Georgian territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region/South Ossetia.

North Korea is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including pursuant to section 7007 of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits direct assistance to the government of North Korea.

South Sudan is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including pursuant to section 7042(h)(2) of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits, with limited exceptions, assistance to the central government of South Sudan until the Secretary of State certifies and reports to Congress that such government is taking effective steps to end hostilities and pursue good faith negotiations for a political settlement of the conflict; provide access for humanitarian organizations; end the recruitment and use of child soldiers; protect freedoms of expression, association, and assembly; reduce Start Printed Page 45145corruption related to the extraction and sale of oil and gas; establish democratic institutions; establish accountable military and police forces under civilian authority; and investigate and prosecute individuals credibly alleged to have committed gross violations of human rights, including at the Terrain compound in Juba, South Sudan on July 11, 2016.

Sudan is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including pursuant to section 7042(i) of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits (with limited exceptions) assistance to the government of Sudan.

Syria is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including pursuant to section 7007 of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits direct assistance to the government of Syria.

Zimbabwe is ineligible to receive foreign assistance, including pursuant to section 7042(j)(2) of the FY 2018 Appropriations Act, which prohibits (with limited exceptions) assistance for the central government of Zimbabwe unless the Secretary of State certifies and reports to Congress that the rule of law has been restored, including respect for ownership and title to property, and freedoms of expression, association, and assembly.

Countries identified above as candidate countries, as well as countries that would be considered candidate countries but for the applicability of legal provisions that prohibit U.S. economic assistance, may be the subject of future statutory restrictions or determinations, or changed country circumstances, that affect their legal eligibility for assistance under part I of the Foreign Assistance Act by reason of application of the Foreign Assistance Act or any other provision of law for FY 2019.

End Preamble

[FR Doc. 2018-19196 Filed 8-30-18; 4:15 pm]

BILLING CODE 9211-03-P