Skip to Content

Rule

Water Quality Standards; Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to California: Lead, Chlorodibromomethane, and Dichlorobromomethane

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from Regulations.gov provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to amend the Federal regulations to withdraw certain freshwater acute and chronic aquatic life water quality criteria and certain human health (water and organisms) water quality criteria, applicable to certain waters of California because California adopted, and the Agency approved, criteria for these parameters that are protective of the uses for the waterbodies. In this action, the EPA is amending the Federal regulations to withdraw those certain criteria applicable to California as described in the December 11, 2017 proposed rule. The withdrawal will enable California to implement their EPA-approved water quality criteria.

DATES:

This final rule is effective on November 15, 2018.

ADDRESSES:

The EPA has established a docket for this action identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2017-0303, at https://www.regulations.gov.

For additional information about the EPA's public docket, visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at https://www.epa.gov/​dockets.

Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the www.regulations.gov index. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at two Docket Facilities. The Office of Water (“OW”) Docket Center is open from 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The Docket telephone number is (202) 566-2426 and the Docket address is OW Docket, EPA West, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20004. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744. Publicly available docket materials are also available in hard copy at the U.S. EPA Region 9 address. Docket materials can be accessed from 9:00 a.m. until 3:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For information with respect to California, contact Diane E. Fleck, P.E. Esq., U.S. EPA Region 9, WTR-2, 75 Hawthorne St., San Francisco, CA 94105 Start Printed Page 52164(telephone: (415) 972-3527 or email: Fleck.Diane@epa.gov). For general and administrative concerns, contact Bryan “Ibrahim” Goodwin, U.S. EPA Headquarters, Office of Science and Technology, 1200 Pennsylvania, Avenue NW, Mail Code 4305T, Washington, DC 20460 (telephone: (202) 566-0762 or email: Goodwin.Bryan@epa.gov).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

II. Background

A. What are the applicable Federal statutory and regulatory requirements?

B. What are the applicable Federal water quality criteria that the EPA is withdrawing?

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs

C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health and Safety Risks

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

L. Congressional Review Act (CRA)

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

No one is affected by the final action contained in this document. This final action would merely serve to withdraw certain Federal water quality criteria that have been applicable to California and are no longer needed in light of the EPA-approved state water quality criteria. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person identified in the preceding section entitled FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

II. Background

A. What are the applicable Federal statutory and regulatory requirements?

On May 18, 2000, the EPA promulgated a final rule known as the “California Toxics Rule” (“CTR”) at 40 CFR 131.38. The CTR final rule established numeric water quality criteria for priority toxic pollutants for the State of California, because the State had not complied fully with Section 303(c)(2)(B) of the Clean Water Act (CWA) (65 FR 31682).

Consistent with the basic tenet of the CWA, the EPA developed its water quality standards program emphasizing State primacy. Although in the CTR the EPA promulgated toxic criteria for California, the Agency prefers that states maintain primacy, revise their own standards, and achieve full compliance (see 57 FR 60860, December 22, 1992). As described in the preamble to the final CTR (see 65 FR 31682 (May 18, 2000)), when California adopts, and the EPA approves, water quality criteria that meet the requirements of the CWA, the Agency will issue a rule amending the CTR to withdraw the Federal criteria applicable to California.

On December 11, 2017, the EPA proposed the withdrawal of certain freshwater aquatic life (acute and chronic) water quality criteria and certain federally promulgated human health (water and organisms) water quality criteria, applicable in California (see 82 FR 58156, December 11, 2017). The EPA received comments on the proposed rule and a listing of the comments, and the Agency's responses, are contained in the document “Response to Comments for Water Quality Standards; Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to California: Lead, Chlorodibromomethane and Dichlorobromomethane,” which can be accessed at OW docket number EPA-HQ-OW-2017-0303. Today, the EPA is taking final action on its proposal. The withdrawal of the federally promulgated criteria will enable California to implement its EPA-approved water quality criteria for these parameters.

B. What are the applicable Federal water quality criteria that the EPA is withdrawing?

As discussed in the proposal (see 82 FR 58156, December 11, 2017), this final rule amends the Federal regulations in the CTR to withdraw the following criteria: freshwater acute and chronic aquatic life criteria for lead for the Los Angeles River and its tributaries; and human health (water & organisms) criteria for chlorodibromomethane and dichlorobromomethane for a segment of New Alamo Creek and a segment of Ulatis Creek. The EPA approved the State's criteria for lead and for chlorodibromomethane and dichlorobromomethane for these waters because the Agency determined that the State's criteria were scientifically sound and protective of the designated uses for these certain waters and met the requirements of the CWA and the Agency's implementing regulations at 40 CFR part 131. The State calls these criteria site-specific water quality objectives or site-specific objectives. More information on the EPA's actions which approved the California's site-specific objectives can be accessed at OW docket number EPA-HQ-OW-2017-0303.

This final rule will result in the withdrawal of the federally promulgated criteria for these certain waters under the CTR. However, the criteria for lead, chlorodibromomethane, and dichlorobromomethane for other waters in California that are currently part of the CTR remain in the Federal promulgation.

No changes to this final rule were made in response to the comments received on the proposed rule. The EPA received nine comments on the proposed rule through the public docket which are described in more detail in this section. Two anonymous comments and one environmental group opposed the proposed rule to withdraw certain Federal criteria because California's criteria are higher numerically than the Federal criteria. Regarding the State's aquatic life criteria for lead, the EPA indicated that the State has provided analyses that show the criteria are protective of aquatic life, and that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service agreed that the criteria would not likely adversely affect any listed threatened or endangered species or their critical habitat. Regarding the State's human health criteria for chlorodibromomethane and dichlorobromomethane, the EPA indicated in its response that, as described in Agency's Record of Decision supporting the approval of the state's criteria, states and authorized tribes have the flexibility to adopt water quality criteria that result in a risk level higher than 10−6, up to the 10−5 level. That flexibility is constrained, however, by the need for careful consideration of the associated exposure parameter assumptions, and whether the resulting criteria would expose sensitive subpopulations consuming fish at higher rates to no more than a 10−4 cancer risk. The EPA determined that these certain state criteria assure that cancer risk to the most highly exposed population would not exceed a 10−4 cancer risk level. In addition, the consumption of the water and fish/shellfish from the affected waterbody segments does not currently occur, nor Start Printed Page 52165is it expected to occur in the future. The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County supported the proposed rule. Four comments were outside the scope of the proposed rule; and, one comment's position was not clear. Two emails were sent directly to the EPA after the comment period closed for the proposed rule, inquiring about how water quality criteria under the CWA are determined compared to the Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA); the Agency's response, also included in the docket, stated that the CWA does not allow for consideration of costs and technological feasibility in the calculation of CWA water quality criteria, unlike SDWA MCLs. The EPA's “Response to Comments for Water Quality Standards; Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to California: Lead, Chlorodibromomethane and Dichlorobromomethane” can be accessed at OW docket number EPA-HQ-OW-2017-0303.

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

This action is not a significant regulatory action and was therefore not submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review.

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling Regulatory Costs

This action is a deregulatory action under Executive Order 13771. This rule is expected to provide meaningful burden reduction by withdrawal of certain federally promulgated criteria in certain waters of California.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

This action does not impose any new information collection burden under the PRA because it is administratively withdrawing Federal requirements that are no longer needed in California. It does not include any information collection, reporting, or recordkeeping requirements. The OMB has previously approved the information collection requirements contained in the existing regulations at 40 CFR part 131 and has assigned OMB control number 2040-0286.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions.

For purposes of assessing the impacts of this rule on small entities, small entity is defined as: (1) A small business as defined by the Small Business Administration's (SBA) regulations at 13 CFR 121.201; (2) a small governmental jurisdiction that is a government of a city, county, town, school district or special district with a population of less than 50,000; and (3) a small organization that is any not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned and operated and is not dominant in its field.

I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. This action will not impose any requirements on small entities.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. As this action withdraws certain federally promulgated criteria, the action imposes no enforceable duty on any state, local, or tribal governments, or the private sector.

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. This rule imposes no regulatory requirements or costs on any state or local governments. Thus, Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this action.

In the spirit of Executive Order 13132, and consistent with the EPA policy to promote communications between the Agency and state and local governments, the Agency specifically solicited comment on this action from state and local officials.

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments

This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. This rule imposes no regulatory requirements or costs on any tribal government. It does not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, the relationship between the Federal Government and tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and tribes. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this action.

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health and Safety Risks

This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) because it is not economically significant as defined in Executive Order 12866, and because the Agency does not believe the environmental health or safety risks addressed by this action present a disproportionate risk to children.

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

J. National Technology Transfer Advancement Act

This rulemaking does not involve technical standards.

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) establishes Federal executive policy on environmental justice. Its main provision directs Federal agencies, to the greatest extent practicable and permitted by law, to make environmental justice part of their mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of their programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations in the United States.

The EPA believes that this action does not have disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects on minority populations, low-income populations and/or indigenous peoples, as specified in Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994). The EPA has previously determined, based on the most current science and the Agency's CWA Section 304(a) recommended criteria, that California's adopted and the Agency-approved criteria are protective of human health.Start Printed Page 52166

L. Congressional Review Act

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be effective November 15, 2018.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 131

  • Environmental protection
  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Water pollution control
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: October 4, 2018.

Andrew R. Wheeler,

Acting Administrator.

End Signature

For the reasons set out in the preamble title 40, chapter I, part 131 of the Code of Federal Regulation is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 131—WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 131 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Amend § 131.38 by revising the table in paragraph (b)(1) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Establishment of numeric criteria for priority toxic pollutants for the State of California.
* * * * *

(b)(1) * * *

AB FreshwaterC SaltwaterD Human health (106 risk for carcinogens) for consumption of:
Number compoundCAS No.Criterion maximum conc.d (μg/L) B1Criterion continuous conc.d (μg/L) B2Criterion maximum conc.d (μg/L) C1Criterion continuous conc.d (μg/L) C2Water and organisms (μg/L) D1Organisms only (μg/L) D2
1. Antimony7440360a s 14a t 4300
2. Arsenic b7440382i m w 340i m w 150i m 69i m 36
3. Beryllium7440417(n)(n)
4. Cadmium b7440439e i m w x 4.3e i m w 2.2i m 42i m 9.3(n)(n)
5a. Chromium (III)16065831e i m o 550e i m o 180(n)(n)
5b. Chromium (VI) b18540299i m w 16i m w 11i m 1100i m 50(n)(n)
6. Copper b7440508e i m w x 13e i m w 9.0i m 4.8i m 3.11300
7. Lead b7439921e i m z 65e i m z 2.5i m 210i m 8.1(n)(n)
8. Mercury b7439976[Reserved][Reserved][Reserved][Reserved]a 0.050a 0.051
9. Nickel b7440020e i m w 470e i m w 52i m 74i m 8.2a 610a 4600
10. Selenium b7782492p [Reserved]q 5.0i m 290i m 71(n)(n)
11. Silver b7440224e i m 3.4i m 1.9
12. Thallium7440280a s 1.7a t 6.3
13. Zinc b7440666e i m w x 120e i m w 120i m 90i m 81
14. Cyanide b57125o 22o 5.2r 1r 1a 700a j 220,000
15. Asbestos1332214k s 7,000,000 fibers/l
16. 2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)1746016c 0.000000013c 0.000000014
17. Acrolein107028s 320t 780
18. Acrylonitrile107131a c s 0.059a c t 0.66
19. Benzene71432a c 1.2a c 71
20. Bromoform75252a c 4.3a c 360
21. Carbon Tetrachloride56235a c s 0.25a c t 4.4
22. Chlorobenzene108907a s 680a j t 21,000
23. Chlorodibromomethane124481a c y 0.41a c 34
24. Chloroethane75003
25. 2-Chloroethylvinyl Ether110758
26. Chloroform67663[Reserved][Reserved]
27. Dichlorobromomethane75274a c y 0.56a c 46
28. 1,1-Dichloroethane75343
29. 1,2-Dichloroethane107062a c s 0.38a c t 99
30. 1,1-Dichloroethylene75354a c s 0.057a c t 3.2
31. 1,2-Dichloropropane78875a 0.52a 39
32. 1,3-Dichloropropylene542756a s 10a t 1,700
33. Ethylbenzene100414a s 3,100a t 29,000
34. Methyl Bromide74839a 48a 4,000
35. Methyl Chloride74873(n)(n)
36. Methylene Chloride75092a c 4.7a c 1,600
37. 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane79345a c s 0.17a c t 11
38. Tetrachloroethylene127184c s 0.8c t 8.85
39. Toluene108883a 6,800a 200,000
40. 1,2-Trans-Dichloroethylene156605a 700a 140,000
41. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane71556(n)(n)
42. 1,1,2-Trichloroethane79005a c s 0.60a c t 42
43. Trichloroethylene79016c s 2.7c t 81
44. Vinyl Chloride75014c s 2c t 525
45. 2-Chlorophenol95578a 120a 400
46. 2,4-Dichlorophenol120832a s 93a t 790
47. 2,4-Dimethylphenol105679a 540a 2,300
48. 2-Methyl-4,6-Dinitrophenol534521s 13.4t 765
49. 2,4-Dinitrophenol51285a s 70a t 14,000
50. 2-Nitrophenol88755
51. 4-Nitrophenol100027
Start Printed Page 52167
52. 3-Methyl-4-Chlorophenol59507
53. Pentachlorophenol87865f w 19f w 15137.9a c 0.28a c j 8.2
54. Phenol108952a 21,000a j t 4,600,000
55. 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol88062a c 2.1a c 6.5
56. Acenaphthene83329a 1,200a 2,700
57. Acenaphthylene208968
58. Anthracene120127a 9,600a 110,000
59. Benzidine92875a c s 0.00012a c t 0.00054
60. Benzo(a)Anthracene56553a c 0.0044a c 0.049
61. Benzo(a)Pyrene50328a c 0.0044a c 0.049
62. Benzo(b)Fluoranthene205992a c 0.0044a c 0.049
63. Benzo(ghi)Perylene191242
64. Benzo(k)Fluoranthene207089a c 0.0044a c 0.049
65. Bis(2-Chloroethoxy)Methane111911
66. Bis(2-Chloroethyl)Ether111444a c s 0.031a c t 1.4
67. Bis(2-Chloroisopropyl)Ether108601a 1,400a t 170,000
68. Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate117817a c s 1.8a c t 5.9
69. 4-Bromophenyl Phenyl Ether101553
70. Butylbenzyl Phthalate85687a 3,000a 5,200
71. 2-Chloronaphthalene91587a 1,700a 4,300
72. 4-Chlorophenyl Phenyl Ether7005723
73. Chrysene218019a c 0.0044a c 0.049
74. Dibenzo(a,h)Anthracene53703a c 0.0044a c 0.049
75. 1,2 Dichlorobenzene95501a 2,700a 17,000
76. 1,3 Dichlorobenzene5417314002,600
77. 1,4 Dichlorobenzene1064674002,600
78. 3,3′-Dichlorobenzidine91941a c s 0.04a c t 0.077
79. Diethyl Phthalate84662a s 23,000a t 120,000
80. Dimethyl Phthalate131113s 313,000t 2,900,000
81. Di-n-Butyl Phthalate84742a s 2,700a t 12,000
82. 2,4-Dinitrotoluene121142c s 0.11c t 9.1
83. 2,6-Dinitrotoluene606202
84. Di-n-Octyl Phthalate117840
85. 1,2-Diphenylhydrazine122667a c s 0.040a c t 0.54
86. Fluoranthene206440a 300a 370
87. Fluorene86737a 1,300a 14,000
88. Hexachlorobenzene118741a c 0.00075a c 0.00077
89. Hexachlorobutadiene87683a c s 0.44a c t 50
90. Hexachlorocyclopentadiene77474a s 240a j t 17,000
91. Hexachloroethane67721a c s 1.9a c t 8.9
92. Indeno(1,2,3-cd) Pyrene193395a c 0.0044a c 0.049
93. Isophorone78591c s 8.4c t 600
94. Naphthalene91203
95. Nitrobenzene98953a s 17a j t 1,900
96. N-Nitrosodimethylamine62759a c s 0.00069a c t 8.1
97. N-Nitrosodi-n-Propylamine621647a 0.005a 1.4
98. N-Nitrosodiphenylamine86306a c s 5.0a c t 16
99. Phenanthrene85018
100. Pyrene129000a 960a 11,000
101. 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene120821
102. Aldrin309002g 3g 1.3a c 0.00013a c 0.00014
103. alpha-BHC319846a c 0.0039a c 0.013
104. beta-BHC319857a c 0.014a c 0.046
105. gamma-BHC58899w 0.95g 0.16c 0.019c 0.063
106. delta-BHC319868
107. Chlordane57749g 2.4g 0.0043g 0.09g 0.004a c 0.00057a c 0.00059
108. 4,4′-DDT50293g 1.1g 0.001g 0.13g 0.001a c 0.00059a c 0.00059
109. 4,4′-DDE72559a c 0.00059a c 0.00059
110. 4,4′-DDD72548a c 0.00083a c 0.00084
111. Dieldrin60571w 0.24w 0.056g 0.71g 0.0019a c 0.00014a c 0.00014
112. alpha-Endosulfan959988g 0.22g 0.056g 0.034g 0.0087a 110a 240
113. beta-Endosulfan33213659g 0.22g 0.056g 0.034g 0.0087a 110a 240
114. Endosulfan Sulfate1031078a 110a 240
115. Endrin72208w 0.086w 0.036g 0.037g 0.0023a 0.76a j 0.81
116. Endrin Aldehyde7421934a 0.76a j 0.81
117. Heptachlor76448g 0.52g 0.0038g 0.053g 0.0036a c 0.00021a c 0.00021
118. Heptachlor Epoxide1024573g 0.52g 0.0038g 0.053g 0.0036a c 0.00010a c 0.00011
119-125. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)u 0.014u 0.03c v 0.00017c v 0.00017
126. Toxaphene80013520.730.00020.210.0002a c 0.00073a c 0.00075
Total Number of Criteria h222122209290
Footnotes to Table in Paragraph (b)(1):
a Criteria revised to reflect the Agency q1* or RfD, as contained in the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) as of October 1, 1996. The fish tissue bioconcentration factor (BCF) from the 1980 documents was retained in each case.Start Printed Page 52168
b Criteria apply to California waters except for those waters subject to objectives in Tables III-2A and III-2B of the San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board's (SFRWQCB) 1986 Basin Plan that were adopted by the SFRWQCB and the State Water Resources Control Board, approved by the EPA, and which continue to apply. For copper and nickel, criteria apply to California waters except for waters south of Dumbarton Bridge in San Francisco Bay that are subject to the objectives in the SFRWQCB's Basin Plan as amended by SFRWQCB Resolution R2-2002-0061, dated May 22, 2002, and approved by the State Water Resources Control Board. The EPA approved the aquatic life site-specific objectives on January 21, 2003. The copper and nickel aquatic life site-specific objectives contained in the amended Basin Plan apply instead.
c Criteria are based on carcinogenicity of 10 (−6) risk.
d Criteria Maximum Concentration (CMC) equals the highest concentration of a pollutant to which aquatic life can be exposed for a short period of time without deleterious effects. Criteria Continuous Concentration (CCC) equals the highest concentration of a pollutant to which aquatic life can be exposed for an extended period of time (4 days) without deleterious effects. μg/L equals micrograms per liter.
e Freshwater aquatic life criteria for metals are expressed as a function of total hardness (mg/L) in the water body. The equations are provided in matrix at paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Values displayed above in the matrix correspond to a total hardness of 100 mg/l.
f Freshwater aquatic life criteria for pentachlorophenol are expressed as a function of pH, and are calculated as follows: Values displayed above in the matrix correspond to a pH of 7.8. CMC = exp(1.005(pH)−4.869). CCC = exp(1.005(pH)−5.134).
g This criterion is based on Clean Water Act (CWA) 304(a) aquatic life criterion issued in 1980, and was issued in one of the following documents: Aldrin/Dieldrin (EPA 440/5-80-019), Chlordane (EPA 440/5-80-027), DDT (EPA 440/5-80-038), Endosulfan (EPA 440/5-80-046), Endrin (EPA 440/5-80-047), Heptachlor (440/5-80-052), Hexachlorocyclohexane (EPA 440/5-80-054), Silver (EPA 440/5-80-071). The Minimum Data Requirements and derivation procedures were different in the 1980 Guidelines than in the 1985 Guidelines. For example, a “CMC” derived using the 1980 Guidelines was derived to be used as an instantaneous maximum. If assessment is to be done using an averaging period, the values given should be divided by 2 to obtain a value that is more comparable to a CMC derived using the 1985 Guidelines.
h These totals simply sum the criteria in each column. For aquatic life, there are 23 priority toxic pollutants with some type of freshwater or saltwater, acute or chronic criteria. For human health, there are 92 priority toxic pollutants with either “water + organism” or “organism only” criteria. Note that these totals count chromium as one pollutant even though the EPA has developed criteria based on two valence states. In the matrix, the EPA has assigned numbers 5a and 5b to the criteria for chromium to reflect the fact that the list of 126 priority pollutants includes only a single listing for chromium.
i Criteria for these metals are expressed as a function of the water-effect ratio, WER, as defined in paragraph (c) of this section. CMC = column B1 or C1 value × WER; CCC = column B2 or C2 value × WER.
j No criterion for protection of human health from consumption of aquatic organisms (excluding water) was presented in the 1980 criteria document or in the 1986 Quality Criteria for Water. Nevertheless, sufficient information was presented in the 1980 document to allow a calculation of a criterion, even though the results of such a calculation were not shown in the document.
k The CWA 304(a) criterion for asbestos is the MCL.
l [Reserved].
m These freshwater and saltwater criteria for metals are expressed in terms of the dissolved fraction of the metal in the water column. Criterion values were calculated by using the EPA's Clean Water Act 304(a) guidance values (described in the total recoverable fraction) and then applying the conversion factors in § 131.36(b)(1) and (2).
n The EPA is not promulgating human health criteria for these contaminants. However, permit authorities should address these contaminants in NPDES permit actions using the State's existing narrative criteria for toxics.
o These criteria were promulgated for specific waters in California in the National Toxics Rule (“NTR”), at § 131.36. The specific waters to which the NTR criteria apply include: Waters of the State defined as bays or estuaries and waters of the State defined as inland, i.e., all surface waters of the State not ocean waters. These waters specifically include the San Francisco Bay upstream to and including Suisun Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. This section does not apply instead of the NTR for this criterion.
p A criterion of 20 μg/l was promulgated for specific waters in California in the NTR and was promulgated in the total recoverable form. The specific waters to which the NTR criterion applies include: Waters of the San Francisco Bay upstream to and including Suisun Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; and waters of Salt Slough, Mud Slough (north) and the San Joaquin River, Sack Dam to the mouth of the Merced River. This section does not apply instead of the NTR for this criterion. The State of California adopted and the EPA approved a site specific criterion for the San Joaquin River, mouth of Merced to Vernalis; therefore, this section does not apply to these waters.
q This criterion is expressed in the total recoverable form. This criterion was promulgated for specific waters in California in the NTR and was promulgated in the total recoverable form. The specific waters to which the NTR criterion applies include: Waters of the San Francisco Bay upstream to and including Suisun Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; and waters of Salt Slough, Mud Slough (north) and the San Joaquin River, Sack Dam to Vernalis. This criterion does not apply instead of the NTR for these waters. This criterion applies to additional waters of the United States in the State of California pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section. The State of California adopted and the EPA approved a site-specific criterion for the Grassland Water District, San Luis National Wildlife Refuge, and the Los Banos State Wildlife Refuge; therefore, this criterion does not apply to these waters.
r These criteria were promulgated for specific waters in California in the NTR. The specific waters to which the NTR criteria apply include: Waters of the State defined as bays or estuaries including the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta within California Regional Water Board 5, but excluding the San Francisco Bay. This section does not apply instead of the NTR for these criteria.
s These criteria were promulgated for specific waters in California in the NTR. The specific waters to which the NTR criteria apply include: Waters of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and waters of the State defined as inland (i.e., all surface waters of the State not bays or estuaries or ocean) that include a MUN use designation. This section does not apply instead of the NTR for these criteria.
t These criteria were promulgated for specific waters in California in the NTR. The specific waters to which the NTR criteria apply include: Waters of the State defined as bays and estuaries including San Francisco Bay upstream to and including Suisun Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; and waters of the State defined as inland (i.e., all surface waters of the State not bays or estuaries or ocean) without a MUN use designation. This section does not apply instead of the NTR for these criteria.
u PCBs are a class of chemicals which include aroclors 1242, 1254, 1221, 1232, 1248, 1260, and 1016, CAS numbers 53469219, 11097691, 11104282, 11141165, 12672296, 11096825, and 12674112, respectively. The aquatic life criteria apply to the sum of this set of seven aroclors.
v This criterion applies to total PCBs, e.g., the sum of all congener or isomer or homolog or aroclor analyses.
w This criterion has been recalculated pursuant to the 1995 Updates: Water Quality Criteria Documents for the Protection of Aquatic Life in Ambient Water, Office of Water, EPA-820-B-96-001, September 1996. See also Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative Criteria Documents for the Protection of Aquatic Life in Ambient Water, Office of Water, EPA-80-B-95-004, March 1995.
x The State of California has adopted and the EPA has approved site specific criteria for the Sacramento River (and tributaries) above Hamilton City; therefore, these criteria do not apply to these waters.
y The State of California adopted and the EPA approved a site-specific criterion for New Alamo Creek from Old Alamo Creek to Ulatis Creek and for Ulatis Creek from Alamo Creek to Cache Slough; therefore, this criterion does not apply to these waters.
z The State of California adopted and the EPA approved a site-specific criterion for the Los Angeles River and its tributaries; therefore, this criterion does not apply to these waters.
General Notes To Table In Paragraph (b)(1)
1. The table in this paragraph (b)(1) lists all of the EPA's priority toxic pollutants whether or not criteria guidance are available. Blank spaces indicate the absence of national section 304(a) criteria guidance. Because of variations in chemical nomenclature systems, this listing of toxic pollutants does not duplicate the listing in appendix A to 40 CFR part 423—126 Priority Pollutants. The EPA has added the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry numbers, which provide a unique identification for each chemical.
2. The following chemicals have organoleptic-based criteria recommendations that are not included on this chart: zinc, 3-methyl-4-chlorophenol.
3. Freshwater and saltwater aquatic life criteria apply as specified in paragraph (c)(3) of this section.
Start Printed Page 52169
* * * * *
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2018-22170 Filed 10-15-18; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P