In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has submitted the information collection request titled “Human Health Effects of Drinking Water Exposures to Start Printed Page 3450Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) at Pease International Tradeport, Portsmouth, NH (The Pease Study)” to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. ATSDR previously published a “Proposed Data Collection Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations” notice on August 27, 2018 to obtain comments from the public and affected agencies. ATSDR received 11 comments related to the previous notice, of which two were posted in duplicate. This notice serves to allow an additional 30 days for public and affected agency comments.
ATSDR will accept all comments for this proposed information collection project. The Office of Management and Budget is particularly interested in comments that:
(a) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility;
(b) Evaluate the accuracy of the agencies estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used;
(c) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected;
(d) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including, through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses; and
(e) Assess information collection costs.
To request additional information on the proposed project or to obtain a copy of the information collection plan and instruments, call (404) 639-7570 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Direct written comments and/or suggestions regarding the items contained in this notice to the Attention: CDC Desk Officer, Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20503 or by fax to (202) 395-5806. Provide written comments within 30 days of notice publication.
Human Health Effects of Drinking Water Exposures to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) at Pease International Tradeport, Portsmouth, NH (The Pease Study)—New—Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR).
Background and Brief Description
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a family of environmentally and biologically persistent chemicals used in industrial applications such as aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF), used to extinguish flammable liquid fires. Since the 1970s, military bases in the U.S. have used AFFF with PFAS constituents for firefighting training as well as to extinguish fires. At some military bases, AFFF use has resulted in the migration of PFAS chemicals through soils to ground water and/or surface water sources of drinking water for bases and/or surrounding communities. In 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) issued a lifetime health advisory level of 0.07 total micrograms of perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) combined per liter of drinking water (μg/L). In response to growing awareness of the extent of PFAS contamination across the U.S., Section 8006 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018, authorized the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) to conduct a study on the human health effects of PFAS contamination in drinking water.
In response, ATSDR is requesting a three-year Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) clearance for the Pease Study, which will serve as a proof-of-concept model for a national multi-site study of PFAS health effects. The existence of a large body of state and local environmental monitoring and population blood testing data makes the Pease community in Portsmouth, NH, particularly suitable as ATSDR's initial PFAS research study site. From approximately 1970 until 1991, the Air Force used AFFF for firefighting and training at Pease Air Force Base. The base closed in 1991, and was converted to a large business and aviation industrial park in 1993, the Pease International Tradeport. In 2014, PFAS drinking water concentrations were detected (0.35 μg/L PFOA and 2.4 μg/L PFOS) at levels well above what was to become the USEPA lifetime health advisory level (0.07 μg/L PFOA/PFOS). In 2015-7, the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services (NH DHHS) offered a PFAS blood testing program to the community. The blood testing program showed that the Pease population had concentrations of some types of PFAS that were two to three times higher than national estimates.
The Pease Study will be cross-sectional in design, drawing from a convenience sample of people with and without exposure to PFAS-contaminated drinking water from Pease. The main goals of the study are to: (1) Evaluate the study procedures and methods to identify any issues that need to be addressed before embarking on a national multi-site study; and (2) examine associations between health outcomes and measured and historically reconstructed serum levels of PFAS. ATSDR will examine the association between PFAS compounds and lipids, renal function and kidney disease, thyroid hormones and disease, liver function and disease, glycemic parameters and diabetes, as well as immune response and function in both children and adults. In addition, ATSDR will investigate if PFAS is related to differences in sex hormones and sexual maturation, vaccine response, and neurobehavioral outcomes in children. In adults, additional outcomes of interest include cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, endometriosis, and autoimmune disease. Adults will be 18 years or older, and children will be 4-17 years of age at enrollment.
In total, ATSDR seeks to enroll 1,625 participants (1,100 adults and 525 children and their parents). Annualized estimates are 542 participants (367 adults and 175 children).
For the exposure group (n=1,350), ATSDR will enroll 1,000 adults and 350 children. Annualized estimates are 450 exposed participants (333 adults and 117 children). Eligible participants had to work at, live on, or attend childcare at the former Pease Air Force Base or the Pease International Tradeport, or live in a nearby home that was served by a PFAS-contaminated private well. Drinking water exposures must have occurred at some time between 2004 and May 2014, after which remediation of the public water supply occurred.
For the referent group (n=275), ATSDR will enroll 100 adults and 175 children. Annualized estimates are 92 referent participants (34 adults and 58 children). Eligible participants, never exposed to PFAS-contaminated drinking water from Pease, will come from other areas of Portsmouth, NH. Birth mothers of referent children likewise must never have had PFAS drinking water exposure.
ATSDR will recruit, screen for eligibility, and enroll in three waves. The exposure group will be recruited in Waves One and Two. ATSDR estimates that 89 percent of the exposure group will be enrolled in Wave One (n=1,200, or 400 per year), that is, will be past participants of the 2015-7 NH DHHS PFAS blood testing program. NH DHHS will assist ATSDR by sending out letters Start Printed Page 3451of invitation to its former blood testing program participants. To achieve the desired sample size, the other 11 percent of the exposure group (n=150, or 50 per year) will be recruited in Wave Two. These will be people who were eligible for the PFAS blood testing program but did not take part. The referent group will be recruited in Wave Three (n=275, or 92 per year), which can occur concurrently with Wave One and Wave Two. Wave Two and Wave Three recruits will call to volunteer after ATSDR opens those waves to enrollment.
To restrict this study to drinking water exposures, any adult occupationally exposed to PFAS will not be eligible for the study (i.e., ever firefighters or in chemical manufacture). Likewise, children whose birth mothers were occupationally exposed will not be eligible. This restriction applies to both the exposure and the referent group. ATSDR assumes that five percent of the people who volunteer will not meet eligibility requirements. ATSDR will screen the 1,578 people from the NH DHHS PFAS blood testing program in Wave One (n=526 per year). ATSDR will screen at least 198 exposed people in Wave Two (or 66 per year), and at least 362 unexposed people in Wave Three (or 121 per year). This will require an annual time burden of 134 hours for eligibility screening.
At enrollment, ATSDR will obtain adult consent, parental permission, and child assent before data collection begins. Each child will enroll with a parent, who ideally will be the child's birth mother, as ATSDR will ask details about the child's exposure, pregnancy, and breastfeeding history.
For each participant, ATSDR will take body measures, collect blood and urine samples for chemical and biomarker analysis, and administer a questionnaire on exposures and medical history. For purposes of burden estimation, ATSDR assumes that 20 percent of parents will also enroll as adults; therefore, 420 parents will take the child questionnaire long form (n=140 per year), while 105 parents will take the short form to reduce burden (n=35 per year). Parents and children will also complete assessments of the child's attention and behaviors. After eligibility screening, the annual time burden for participation in the study is 58 hours for adults and 208 hours for children and their parents.
ATSDR will ask for permission to compare adults' and children's medical histories with their medical records. ATSDR will also ask for permission to check children's school records to compare their behavioral assessment results. The annual time burden for medical record abstraction is estimated to be 183 hours. The annual time burden for school record abstraction is estimated to be 60 hours.
The total annualized time burden requested is 1,199 hours. There is no cost to the respondents other than their time.
Estimated Annualized Burden Hours
|Type of respondents||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per
respondent||Average burden per
|Pease Study Participants||Wave One Eligibility Screening Script||526||1||10/60|
| ||Wave Two Eligibility Screening Script||66||1||15/60|
| ||Wave Three Eligibility Screening Script||121||1||15/60|
| ||Appointment Reminder Telephone Script||542||1||5/60|
| ||Update Contact Information Hardcopy Form||542||1||5/60|
| ||Medication List||542||1||3/60|
| ||Body and Blood Pressure Measures Form||542||1||5/60|
| ||Blood Draw and Urine Collection Form||542||1||10/60|
| ||Adult Questionnaire||367||1||30/60|
| ||Child Questionnaire—Long Form||140||1||30/60|
| ||Child Questionnaire—Short Form||35||1||15/60|
| ||Parent Neurobehavioral Test Battery||175||1||15/60|
| ||Child Neurobehavioral Test Battery||175||1||90/60|
|Education Specialists||Child School Record Abstraction Form||15||12||20/60|
|Medical Record Specialists||Medical Record Abstraction Form—Adult||25||15||20/60|
| ||Medical Record Abstraction Form—Child||25||7||20/60|
Jeffrey M. Zirger,
Acting Lead, Information Collection Review Office, Office of Scientific Integrity, Office of Science, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2019-01992 Filed 2-11-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P