Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), located within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), announces reopening of the National Center for Health Statistics' (NCHS) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) DNA Specimen Repository for research proposals. Blood samples for DNA purification were collected from study participants, with their permission, during NHANES III (1991-1994), NHANES 1999-2000, NHANES 2001-02, NHANES 2007-08, NHANES 2009-10, and NHANES 2011-12 (Office of Management and Budget Control Numbers # 0920-0237/0920-0950). DNA samples are being made available to the research community for genetic testing. The information gained from research using these samples can be combined with the extensive amount of information available in NHANES which describes the prevalence/trends of disease, nutrition, risk behaviors, and environmental exposures in the US population.
A more complete description of this program follows.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
NHANES Genetic Project Officer, Jody McLean M.P.H., Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782, Phone: 301-458-4683, Fax: 301-458-4029, Email: NHANESgenetics@cdc.gov.
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NHANES is a program of periodic surveys conducted by NCHS. Examination surveys conducted since 1960 by NCHS have provided national estimates of the health and nutritional status of the U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population. The goals of NHANES are (1) to estimate the number and percentage of people in the U.S. population and designated subgroups with selected diseases and risk factors for those diseases; (2) to monitor trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of selected diseases; (3) to monitor trends in risk behaviors and environmental exposures; (4) to analyze risk factors for selected diseases; (5) to study the relation among diet, nutrition and health; (6) to explore emerging public health issues and new technologies; and (7) to establish and maintain a national probability sample of baseline information on health and nutritional status.
The availability of the NHANES III DNA samples has been previously announced in 2002 (67 FR 51585), 2006 (71 FR 22248), 2007 (72 FR 59094), 2009 (74 FR 45644), 2010 (75 FR 32191) and 2016 (81 FR 69822). NHANES III Phase II DNA samples (1991-1994) are from participants ages 12 or older (see NHANES III DNA Samples section for a description). For details about available NHANES III non-genetic data see https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes3/default.aspx.
Beginning in 1999, NHANES became a continuous, annual survey rather than a periodic survey. For a variety of reasons, including disclosure and reliability issues, the survey data are released as public use data files every two years. In addition to the analysis of data from any two year cycle, it is possible to combine two cycles to increase sample size and analytic options. Blood samples for DNA purification were collected from participants ages 20 years and older in survey years 1999-2002 and 2007-12. DNA samples are available as collections from NHANES 1999-2002 (NHANES 1999-2000 and 2001-02 samples available as one collection), and NHANES two-year cycles 2007-08, 2009-10, and 2011-12(see NHANES 1999-2002, 2007-08, 2009-10, and 2011-12 DNA samples section for a description). The availability of the NHANES 1999-2002 DNA samples has been previously announced (2007 [72 FR 59094], 2009 [74 FR 45644], 2010 [75 FR 32191], and 2016 [81 FR 69822]). The availability of the NHANES 2007-08 DNA samples has been previously announced (2009 [74 FR 45644], 2010 [75 FR 32191], and 2016 [81 FR 69822]). The availability of the NHANES 2009-10 DNA samples has been previously announced (2016 [81 FR 69822]). The data release cycle for the NHANES corresponding to the period in which samples were collected for DNA is described in the following web links:
Identifiable health information collected in the NHANES is kept confidential. During the informed consent process, survey participants are assured that data collected will be used only for stated purposes and will not be disclosed or released to others without the consent of the individual in Start Printed Page 5442accordance with section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m). During NHANES III, participants 12 years and older (parent or guardian signed the consent form if the participant was under age 18 years) signed a consent form to store a sample of their blood for future research. In NHANES 1999-2002, 2007-08, 2009-10, and 2011-12 a separate consent form was signed by eligible participants who agreed to the storing of blood samples for future genetic research. DNA samples will be available for testing only from participants who consented to future research. Resulting data from DNA samples testing will be linked to the NCHS variables (public use and restricted) and available for analyses through an NCHS Research Data Center (RDC). Access to these data at an NCHS RDC is only through an approved proposal process mechanism to assure confidentiality.
The following proposal types differ from those used in previous announcements for use of NHANES DNA samples (2002 (67 FR 51585), 2006 (71 FR 22248), 2007 (72 FR 59094), 2009 (74 FR 45644), 2010 (75 FR 32191), and 2016 (81 FR 69822)).
Proposals testing a complete NHANES DNA collection of samples: NHANES III, 7,159 samples; NHANES 1999-2002, 7,839 samples; NHANES 2007-08, 4,612 samples; NHANES 2009-10, 4,893 samples; NHANES 2011-12, 4,147 samples.
If the investigator would like to propose a subsample of the complete set please contact the NHANES Genetic Project Officer to discuss feasibility.
Proposals should investigate specific research hypotheses. The investigator must specify which DNA collection they are requesting and the tests to be conducted on DNA samples excluding tests that produce incidental findings. The investigator is required to include in the research proposal an analytic plan that includes a list of proposed NCHS variables (public use and restricted) that would be used for the data analyses. The investigator will conduct the tests of the approved variants or approved assays on NHANES DNA samples that are labeled with a lab identification number that is not directly linkable to the public use file and therefore, anonymous to the investigator. Investigators are required to provide the data obtained from DNA testing to Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (DHANES)/NCHS for quality control assessment. Analysis and linkage of the resulting data are conducted in the NCHS RDC via a separate proposal.
After the DHANES/NCHS has completed the initial quality control assessment, investigators will be given up to six months to conduct a comprehensive quality assurance review. The timeframe allowed for this review will depend on the number and characteristics of the tests submitted. At the completion of this review, the availability of the resulting data will be announced to the public on the NHANES website Genetic Variant Search: http://www.nhgeneticvariant.com/. The resulting data can be linked to other NCHS variables (public use and restricted) for secondary data analysis. For further information on available variant data visit: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/biospecimens/dnaspecimens.htm#Genetic.
DNA samples will be provided in 96 well plates to investigators and distributed as samples from a complete collection or from a subsample of a collection.
Proposals testing DNA samples already obtained from previous solicitations:
Investigators who have obtained NHANES DNA samples from previous solicitations and have sufficient DNA left may request to do additional tests on the remaining DNA. These proposals must be submitted and approved before the initial proposal expiration date. The investigator is required to specify the test to be conducted on the samples excluding tests that produce incidental findings. The investigator must also include in the research protocol an analytic plan that includes a list of proposed NCHS variables (public use and restricted) that would be used for the data analyses.
These DNA samples (NHANES III, NHANES 1999-2002, NHANES 2007-08, NHANES 2009-10, and NHANES 2011-12) were processed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Division of Laboratory Sciences (DLS).
NHANES III DNA Samples
The laboratory will distribute aliquots (samples) of crude DNA lysates extracted from cell lines. DNA concentrations vary and are estimated to range from 7.5-65.0 ng/μL with an average of approximately four micrograms in 100 μL. Samples will be provided in 96 well plates that are bar-coded and labeled with a readable identifier. Quality control samples (5% of the total) will be sent at no charge, on separate plates as blind replicates. DNA samples are available from 7,159 NHANES III participants. Samples will be distributed in a total of 82 plates including four plates of quality control samples. NHANES III DNA samples are in limited supply and, thus, are not available as a partial set. Due to the method of extraction, NHANES III DNA samples are not appropriate for all projects and/or assays.
NHANES 1999-2002, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2011-12 DNA Samples
The laboratory will distribute aliquots of purified, high molecular DNA in normalized concentrations of 50.0 ng/μL. Some samples may fall below this threshold. A sample of 40 microliters of each samples will be supplied. The amount of DNA in each sample may vary but will be on average approximately two micrograms.
There are purified DNA samples from 7,839 NHANES 1999-2002 participants. These samples will be distributed into 90 plates including four plates of quality control samples.
There are purified DNA samples available from 4,612 NHANES 2007-08 participants. These will be distributed into approximately 54 plates including three plates of quality control samples.
There are purified DNA samples available from 4,893 NHANES 2009-10 participants. These will be distributed into 58 plates including approximately three additional plates of quality control samples.
There are purified DNA samples available from 4,147 NHANES 2011-12 participants. These will be distributed into 49 plates including approximately three additional plates of quality control samples.
Each 96 well plate will be bar-coded and labeled with a readable identifier. Quality control samples (5% of a collection) will be sent at no charge, on separate plates as blind replicates.
Proposed Cost Schedule for Providing NHANES DNA Samples
Costs are determined by NCHS and include costs incurred from the contracting DNA Repository and DHANES administrative costs. The fee covers the costs of materials, equipment, labor, proposal review, administration and space for storage. For more details see Table 1. In prior years, the DNA Repository was maintained by CDC. The DNA Repository is now maintained by a private contractor. The costs of contracting, along with annual inflation increases, are reflected in the proposed cost schedule.Start Printed Page 5443
Procedures for Proposals
The investigator should follow these instructions for preparation of proposals. Proposals must be written using the outline below.
Submission of Proposals: Can be submitted on an ongoing basis
Scientific Review: Within two months of proposal submission
Institutional Review Date: Within six weeks of final proposal acceptance
Notification of approval: Approximately 30 days after Institutional Review
Anticipated distribution of samples: Approximately 60 days after all approvals are obtained
Timeframe may vary depending on the nature of the proposal and the results of each level of review. Unforeseen circumstances could result in a change to this schedule.
DNA Specimen Program will begin accepting research proposals on April 22, 2019.
In addition to the cover page, the research proposal should contain the title of the research project, the name, address, phone number and Email address of the lead investigator along with the name of the institution where the testing will be conducted. Office of Human Research Protections assurance numbers for the institutions in the research project should be included. CDC investigators need to include their Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) training expiration date. Email submission of the proposal is required.
The proposals should be a maximum of 20 single-spaced typed pages, excluding figures and tables. Please use appendices sparingly.
Applications will have a Scientific Review by the Genetic Project Officer and the Technical Panel. The Technical Panel is comprised of two members: A Genetic Research Scientist and a Genetic Epidemiologist. The members review each proposal for scientific and technical merit.
After the proposal is approved by the Genetic Technical Panel and the Genetic Project Officer it will be submitted for Institutional Review. All proposals will undergo Institutional Review by the NCHS Human Subjects Contact and the NCHS Research Ethics Review Board (ERB) for any potential human subjects concerns to ensure appropriate human subjects protections are provided in compliance with 45 CFR 46, and by the NCHS Confidentiality Officer for disclosure risk. The ERB will review the proposal even if the investigator has received approval by their institutional review panel.
If a proposal is approved, the title, specific aims, name, and phone number of the author will be maintained by NCHS and released if requested by the public. Unapproved proposals will not be maintained by NCHS.
Proposals should include the following information:
(1) Cover sheet: Include the name of the institution where the test will be conducted and Office of Human Research Protections assurance numbers for the institutions engaged in the research project. CDC investigators need to include their CITI training expiration date.
(2) Abstract: Please limit the abstract to 300 words.
(3) Specific Aims: List the broad objectives; describe concisely and realistically what the research is intended to accomplish, and state the specific hypotheses to be tested.
(4) Background and Public Health Significance:
(A) Describe the public health significance of the proposed research.
(B) Discuss how the results will be used. Analyses should be consistent with the NHANES mission to assess the health of the nation. The Scientific Review will ensure that the proposed project does not go beyond either the general purpose for collecting the blood samples for DNA in the survey or the specific stated goals of the proposal.
(5) Design, Method, and Data analysis: The appropriateness and adequacy of the methodology proposed to reach the research aims, and the appropriateness of using the NHANES (a complex, multistage probability sample of the national population) to address the goals of the proposal will be assessed.
(A) Research Design and Methods: Describe the analytic and statistical methods to be employed. Include power calculations. For all proposal categories, include a detailed description of the laboratory methods. The characteristics of the laboratory assay, such as reliability, validity, should be included with appropriate references. The potential difficulties and limitations of the proposed procedures should also be discussed. Address adequate methods planned for handling and storage of DNA samples. Proposals must specify specific variants or the standard assay(s) that will be used to test the proposed research hypotheses and include a statement of why the specific standard assay(s) is/are necessary to test the proposed hypotheses. The standard assay is a commercially available assay for a curated set of variants. (1) Proposals will be provided with quality control samples at no additional cost. Approved projects must run these quality control samples and submit these results along with the results from the NHANES DNA samples, unless the Genetic Project Officer has approved an alternative quality control review plan. (2) Proposals using residual samples should have residual quality control samples and investigators will be required to use these residual quality control samples. The proposal should address additional quality control procedures the laboratory will use to assure the validity of the test results and address adequate methods planned for handling and storage of sample.
(B) Data analysis: Note: All resulting data are restricted access data and must be analyzed in the NCHS Research Data Center (RDC) Output: Please describe the data output that you would like to retain and take out of the RDC after analyses.
(6) Additional information for NHANES:
(A) Clinical Relevance of Research Findings: The consent document for DNA samples storage and future studies states that individual results will not be provided to participants; therefore, no tests that would need to be reported back to the participant can be proposed. DHANES/NCHS will use the most recent American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommendations for reporting incidental findings to review the proposed tests and the potential incidental findings. Investigators must justify that the proposed tests do not produce sets of variants on specific genes listed by the most recent ACMG as reportable incidental findings and describe how potential incidental test results will be handled. As of its publication in February 2017, the most recent report, “Recommendations for reporting of secondary findings in Clinical Exome and Genome Sequencing, 2016 update (ACMG SF v2.0): A policy statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics”, lists 59 genes where specific variants on these genes are pathogenic for 27 conditions.
(B) Data Transfer: Specify the secure method to transfer resultant data to NCHS. Investigators must use a device that meets federal information processing standards (FIPS 140-2 and FIPS 197).
(C) Period of Performance: Specify the project period. The period may be up to three years. At the end of the project period, any unused samples must be returned to the NHANES DNA Specimen Repository or destroyed by the investigator. Extensions to the Start Printed Page 5444period of performance may be requested.
(D) Funding: Include the source and status of the funding to perform the requested laboratory analysis. Investigators will be responsible for the cost of processing and shipping the samples (See table).
(8) Resumes/CV: Please include a 2-page CV for each member of the research team in this document (not as attachments).
Public Availability of Data
Data resulting from use of DNA samples will be made available to the public for secondary data analyses via the NCHS RDC. After DHANES/NCHS quality control assessment is completed, investigators will be given up to six months to conduct comprehensive quality assurance review in the NCHS RDC. The quality assurance review timeframe will be negotiated between the investigator and the NHANES Genetic Project Officer and will depend on the type, number, and characteristics of the tests submitted. The results of the quality assurance review will be provided to DHANES/NCHS and appropriate aspects will become part of the data set documentation. The public announcement, informing that test results are available for secondary data analyses after submission and acceptance of proposals, will occur once the quality assurance review timeframe has ended. For a list of currently available variant data see: http://www.nhgeneticvariant.com/.
Proposals for secondary data analyses linking NCHS restricted data, NCHS public use data, or non-NCHS data to data resulting from DNA sample testing will be reviewed by the NCHS RDC. See http://www.cdc.gov/rdc for proposal guidelines.
Submission of Proposals
Proposals can be submitted immediately. The review process will begin approximately 60 days from the publication of this notice and will include all proposals submitted as of that date.
Electronic submission of proposals is required. Please submit proposals to the NHANES Genetic Project Officer: Jody McLean M.P.H., Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782, Phone: 301-458-4683, Email: NHANESgenetics@cdc.gov.
Investigators must secure funding and sign terms and conditions agreements for the use of the DNA samples with CDC/NCHS prior to the release of the NHANES DNA samples. Investigators must agree to: (a) Use the samples only for the approved tests; (b) use the test results only for purposes as stated in the approved proposal; (c) not link the results of the proposed research to any other data; and (d) not use the DNA samples for commercial purposes, as set forth in a legally binding Materials Transfer Agreement (if non-government researchers) or Interagency Agreement (if government researchers). In addition, all investigators will be required to sign a Designated Agent Agreement (DAA) with CDC/NCHS in accordance with NCHS' confidentiality legislation, the Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act (CIPSEA; Title V of the E-Government Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-347)). The DAA is the mechanism by which CDC/NCHS may authorize designation of agents to exclusively perform activities needed to produce approved data on CIPSEA-protected NHANES DNA samples.
Approved Proposals: Post-Testing Procedures
After DNA samples are received and testing is complete, the investigator must send the resulting data back for DHANES/NCHS quality control(QC) assessment. While DHANES/NCHS QC assessment is under way, the investigator can submit a NCHS RDC proposal (http://www.cdc.gov/rdc) to conduct additional quality assurance review. Once the investigator's quality assurance review is complete and the results returned to DHANES/NCHS, the test results will be made available to the public. Data are made public through the NCHS RDC and at this point the investigator can submit an NCHS RDC proposal to request linkage to NCHS restricted data, NCHS public use data, or Non-NCHS data to conduct their analysis.
After the comprehensive quality assessment process has been completed by the investigator, a list of variants generated from NHANES samples testing will be made available to the public for potential requests for proposals via NCHS RDC proposals. The list of variants will be available in the NHANES Genetic Variant Search (http://www.nhgeneticvariant.com/). In addition, DHANES/NCHS quality control assessment procedures will be posted on the NHANES Genetic Repository website and/or available via email.
The investigator must submit a progress report in the annual CDC/NCHS/ERB continuation report. An ERB continuation form will be sent to the investigator each year for project update. If an approved proposal is unable to obtain funding the proposal will be closed.
Termination of ERB Protocol
At the end of laboratory testing the ERB Protocol will be closed.
Disposition of Results and Samples
The provided DNA samples cannot be used for any purpose other than the specifically requested purpose outlined in the proposal and approved through the Scientific and Institutional Review. No DNA samples can be shared with others, including other investigators, unless specified in the proposal and so approved. Samples must be returned upon completion of the approved project (or destroyed, but only with the written approval of the NHANES Genetic Project Officer). Test results from all studies using NHANES DNA samples will be made available to the public for secondary data analyses. After the DHANES/NCHS quality control assessment is completed, investigators will be given up to six months to conduct a more comprehensive quality assurance review. The final quality assurance review timeframe will be negotiated between the researcher and the NHANES Genetic Project Officer and characteristics of the tests submitted. Proposals for secondary data analyses will be reviewed by the NCHS RDC on a rolling basis; see: http://www.cdc.gov/rdc for proposal guidelines. All data analyses will be conducted via access modes available at NCHS RDC.Start Printed Page 5445
|Total costs||1999-2002, 2007-08,
complete set||1999-2002, 2007-08,
partial set||NHANES III complete set|
|Materials and Equipment—contractor: Plates, reagents, assays, aliquoting and packaging samples; use of equipment||$1.51||$4.53||$0.75|
|Labor—contractor: Processing, handling, and shipping; NCHS: Data quality control||4.98||24.90||2.49|
|Proposal review and Administrative expenses—contractor: Inventory management and reporting; NCHS: Management of proposal process non-NCHS: Technical panel fees||3.02||6.04||1.51|
|Space—contractor: Freezer use and maintenance||5.59||5.59||2.79|
|Cost per sample||15.10||41.06||7.55|
|Cost per new proposal:|
|Cost per additional proposal: **|
|* Cost calculated upon request.|
|** Additional research using DNA samples already obtained from previous solicitations.|
|*** This charge will be 5 percent of the original cost.|
Applicable CDC overhead and NCHS management and oversight charges will be added to these rates for proposals coming from Federal agencies.
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Dated: February 14, 2019.
Executive Secretary, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2019-02908 Filed 2-20-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P