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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 91 Species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and American Samoa

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are initiating 5-year status reviews for 91 species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and American Samoa under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Three of these species also occur outside U.S. jurisdiction in Canada and the South Pacific. A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than August 12, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submit information on the streaked horned lark via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE 98th Ave., Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266.

Submit information on the pocket gophers, Oregon spotted frog, Taylor's checkerspot butterfly, Umtanum Desert buckwheat, and White Bluffs bladderpod via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, 510 Desmond Dr. Southeast, Suite 102, Lacey, WA 98503.

Submit information on any of the 82 Pacific Islands species (occurring in Hawaii, American Samoa, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, and Vanuatu) via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Honolulu, HI 96850; or by email to pifwo_admin@fws.gov.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For the streaked horned lark, contact Michele Zwartjes, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, at 503-231-6179.

For the pocket gophers, Oregon spotted frog, Taylor's checkerspot butterfly, Umtanum Desert buckwheat, and White Bluffs bladderpod, contact Tom McDowell, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, at 360-753-9440.

For the 82 Pacific Islands species, contact Gregory Koob, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at 808-792-9400.

Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for these species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the 91 species listed in the table below.

Common nameScientific nameStatusKnown range of species occurrenceFinal listing rule and publication date
Animals
Mammals:
Pacific sheath-tailed bat (South Pacific subspecies)Emballonura semicaudata semicaudataEndangeredAmerican Samoa, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Olympia pocket gopherThomomys mazama pugetensisThreatenedWashington79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Roy Prairie pocket gopherThomomys mazama glacialisThreatenedWashington79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Tenino pocket gopherThomomys mazama tumuliThreatenedWashington79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Yelm pocket gopherThomomys mazama yelmensisThreatenedWashington79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
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Birds:
Hawaiian duckAnas wyvillianaEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Streaked horned larkEremophila alpestris strigataThreatenedOregon, Washington78 FR 61452, 10/3/2013.
Hawaiian cootFulica alaiEndangeredHawaii35 FR 16047, 10/13/1970.
Friendly ground-dove (American Samoa distinct population segment)Gallicolumba stairiEndangeredAmerican Samoa81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Hawaiian common gallinuleGallinula galeata sandvicensisEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
MaoGymnomyza samoensisEndangeredAmerican Samoa, Samoa81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Band-rumped storm-petrelOceanodroma castroEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Amphibians: Oregon spotted frogRana pretiosaThreatenedWashington, Oregon, California; Canada (British Columbia)79 FR 51658, 8/29/2014.
Snails:
No common nameEua zebrinaEndangeredAmerican Samoa81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
No common nameOstodes strigatusEndangeredAmerican Samoa81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Insects:
Taylor's checkerspot butterflyEuphydryas editha tayloriEndangeredOregon, Washington78 FR 61452, 10/3/2013.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus anthracinusEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus assimulansEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus facilisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus hilarisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus kuakeaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus longicepsEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced beeHylaeus manaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Mariana eight-spot butterflyHypolimnas octocula marianensisEndangeredHawaii80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Orangeblack Hawaiian damselflyMegalagrion xanthomelasEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
PLANTS
Flowering Plants:
MahoeAlectryon macrococcusEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20772, 5/15/1992.
No common nameBonamia menziesiiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Maui reedgrassCalamagrostis expansaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameCalamagrostis hillebrandiiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
AwikiwikiCanavalia pubescensEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KamanomanoCenchrus agrimonioidesEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
KauilaColubrina oppositifoliaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common nameCyanea kauaulaensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameCyperus neokunthianusEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameCyperus pennatiformisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra hematosEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Umtanum Desert buckwheatEriogonum codiumThreatenedWashington78 FR 76995, 12/20/2013.
HeauExocarpos menziesiiEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameFestuca hawaiiensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
MehamehameFlueggea neowawraeaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Hawaiian gardeniaGardenia brighamiiEndangeredHawaii50 FR 33728, 8/21/1985.
NanuGardenia remyiEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameHesperomannia arborescensEndangeredHawaii59 FR 14482, 3/28/1994.
Mao hau heleHibiscus brackenridgeiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Hilo ischaemumIschaemum byroneEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Wahine noho kulaIsodendrion pyrifoliumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
OheJoinvillea ascendens ssp. ascendensEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
KamapuaaKadua fluviatilisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameKadua haupuensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameLabordia lorencianaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Uhi uhiMezoneuron kavaienseEndangeredHawaii51 FR 24672, 7/8/1986.
KoleaMyrsine fosbergiiEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
AieaNothocestrum latifoliumEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
HoleiOchrosia haleakalaeEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
HoleiOchrosia kilaueaensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
MakouPeucedanum sandwicenseEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common namePhyllostegia brevidensEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common namePhyllostegia parvifloraEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
White Bluffs bladderpodPhysaria douglasi ssp. tuplashensisThreatenedWashington78 FR 76995, 12/20/2013.
Kuahiwi laukahiPlantago princepsEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
No common namePlatanthera holochilaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
IhiPortulaca villosaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Baker's louluPritchardia bakeriEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
EnaenaPseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. molokaienseEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
MakouRanunculus hawaiensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
MakouRanunculus mauiensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameSanicula sandwicensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
IliahiSantalum involutumEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
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Dwarf naupakaScaevola coriaceaEndangeredHawaii51 FR 17971, 5/16/1986.
AwiwiSchenkia sebaeoidesEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
No common nameSchiedea diffusa ssp. diffusaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
MaolioliSchiedea pubescensEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
OhaiSesbania tomentosaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
AnunuSicyos lanceoloideusEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
AnunuSicyos macrophyllusEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameSilene lanceolataEndangeredHawaii57 FR 46325, 10/8/1992.
PopoloSolanum nelsoniiEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameSpermolepis hawaiiensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
AeZanthoxylum hawaiienseEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Ferns and Allies
Pendant kihi fernAdenophorus periensEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Asplenium-leaved dielliaAsplenium dielerectumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
No common nameAsplenium diellaciniatumEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
PauoaCtenitis squamigeraEndangeredHawaii59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.
Kupukupu makaliiCyclosorus boydiaeEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameDeparia kaalaanaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
HohiuDryopteris glabra var. pusillaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameHuperzia stemmermanniaeEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
OluaHypolepis hawaiiensis var. mauiensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameMicrolepia strigosa var. mauiensisEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common namePteris lidgateiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for any species listed in the table, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in ADDRESSES.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews addressing species for which the Pacific Region of the Service has lead responsibility is available at http://www.fws.gov/​pacific/​ecoservices/​endangered/​recovery/​5year.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: March 8, 2019.

Mary M. Abrams,

Acting Regional Director, Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2019-12244 Filed 6-10-19; 8:45 am]

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