Coast Guard, DHS.
The Coast Guard is establishing a security zone for certain navigable waters of Lake Erie, Cleveland, OH. This action is necessary to protect the public and surrounding waterways from terrorist acts, sabotage, or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature. This regulation prohibits persons and vessels from being in the security zone unless specifically authorized by the Captain of the Port (COTP) Buffalo or a designated representative.
This rule is effective September 5, 2019.
To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to https://www.regulations.gov, type USCG-2019-0213 in the “SEARCH” box and click “SEARCH.” Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rule.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
If you have questions about this proposed rulemaking, contact LT Sean Dolan, Chief Waterways Management Division at 716-843-9322 or email D09-SMB-SECBuffalo-WWM@uscg.mil.
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I. Table of Abbreviations
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
DHS Department of Homeland Security
FR Federal Register
NPRM Notice of proposed rulemaking
U.S.C. United States Code
II. Background Information and Regulatory History
Previously, COTP Buffalo implemented emergent security zones around Burke Lakefront Airport, Cleveland, OH, whenever Senior Government Officials or foreign dignitaries utilized the airport. On April 29, 2019, the Coast Guard published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) titled Security Zone; Burke Lakefront Airport, Lake Erie, Cleveland, OH (84 FR 17981). There we stated why we issued the NPRM, and invited Start Printed Page 38136comments on our proposed regulatory action related to this security zone. During the comment period that ended June 28, 2019, we received one comment.
III. Legal Authority and Need for Rule
The Coast Guard is issuing this rule under authority in 46 U.S.C. 70051. The purpose of the rulemaking is to ensure the safety and security of vessels, the public, and navigable waters within the security zone before, during, and after the arrival and departure of certain individuals. The COTP Buffalo determined that a security zone is necessary to protect those within the security zone and surrounding area from terrorist acts, sabotage, or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature.
IV. Discussion of Comments, Changes, and the Rule
As noted above, we received one comment on our NPRM published April 29, 2019. The comment stated based upon our listed coordinates that we had the wrong distance contained within the zone. The comment also requested that we include a statement about the datum of the coordinates. In response to the comment we updated the distance from the shore covered by the security zone, and included a statement about the datum of the coordinates. There are no other changes in the regulatory text of this rule from the proposed rule in the NPRM.
This rule establishes a security zone that will be enforced only upon notice by the COTP Buffalo. The COTP Buffalo will provide notice of enforcement of the security zone established by this section, including publication in the Federal Register as practicable, in accordance with 33 CFR 165.7(a). Such means of notification may also include, but are not limited to Broadcast Notice to Mariners or Local Notice to Mariners. The COTP Buffalo will also issue a Broadcast Notice to Mariners notifying the public when enforcement of the security zone is established by this section is suspended.
The security zone will encompass all waters in Lake Erie within a line connecting the following geographical positions: 41°31′45″ N, 081°39′20″ W; then extending northwest to 41°32′23″ N, 081°39′46″ W; then extending southwest to 41°31′02″ N, 081°42′10″ W; then extending southwest to the shoreline at 41°30′38″ N, 081°41′53″ W (NAD 83); then following the shoreline back to the point of origin.
The Captain of the Port Buffalo determined that the security zone in this rule is necessary to protect Senior Government Officials or foreign dignitaries. No vessel or person is permitted to enter the security zone without obtaining permission from the COTP or a designated representative. The Captain of the Port or his or her designated representative may be contacted via VHF Channel 16 or at 716-843-9525.
V. Regulatory Analyses
We developed this rule after considering numerous statutes and Executive orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our analyses based on a number of these statutes and Executive orders, and we discuss First Amendment rights of protestors.
A. Regulatory Planning and Review
Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits. Executive Order 13771 directs agencies to control regulatory costs through a budgeting process. This rule has not been designated a “significant regulatory action,” under Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, this rule has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and pursuant to OMB guidance it is exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 13771.
This regulatory action determination is based on the need to protect individuals, personnel, vessels, the public, and surrounding waterways from terrorist acts, sabotage, or other subversive acts, accidents or other causes of a similar nature. We conclude that this rule will have a minimal impact on the economy, will not interfere with other agencies, will not adversely alter the budget of any grant or loan recipients, and will not raise any novel legal or policy issues. The security zone created by this rule will be relatively small, effective only during the time necessary to protect individuals, personnel, vessels, the public, and surrounding waterways, and is designed to minimize its impact on navigable waters. Furthermore, the security zone has been designed to allow vessels to transit around it. Thus restrictions on vessel movement within that particular area are expected to be minimal. Under certain conditions, moreover, vessels may still transit through the security zone when permitted by the Captain of the Port.
B. Impact on Small Entities
The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, 5 U.S.C. 601-612, as amended, requires Federal agencies to consider the potential impact of regulations on small entities during rulemaking. The term “small entities” comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast Guard received no comments from the Small Business Administration on this rulemaking. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
While some owners or operators of vessels intending to transit the safety zone may be small entities, for the reasons stated in section V.A above, this rule will not have a significant economic impact on any vessel owner or operator.
Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we want to assist small entities in understanding this rule. If the rule would affect your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247). The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or complain about this rule or any policy or action of the Coast Guard.
C. Collection of Information
This rule will not call for a new collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520).
D. Federalism and Indian Tribal Governments
A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the Start Printed Page 38137various levels of government. We have analyzed this rule under that Order and have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132.
Also, this rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, because it does not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. If you believe this rule has implications for federalism or Indian tribes, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble.
We have analyzed this rule under Department of Homeland Security Directive 023-01 and Environmental Planning COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have determined that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This proposed rule involves establishing a security zone that encompasses all waters in Lake Erie within a line connecting the following geographical positions: 41°31′45″ N, 081°39′20″ W; then extending northwest to 41°32′23″ N, 081°39′46″ W; then extending southwest to 41°31′02″ N, 081°42′10″ W; then extending southwest to the shoreline at 41°30′38″ N, 081°41′53″ W (NAD 83); then following the shoreline back to the point of origin. It is categorically excluded from further review under paragraph L(a) in Table 3-1 of U.S. Coast Guard Environmental Planning Implementing Procedures 5090.1. A Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES.
G. Protest Activities
The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are asked to contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places or vessels.
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- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reporting and record keeping requirements
- Security measures
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows:
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS
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1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
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2. Add § 165.913 to read as follows: End Amendment Part
Security Zone; Burke Lakefront Airport, Lake Erie, Cleveland, OH.
(a) Location. This security zone includes all waters extending from the surface to the sea floor within approximately 650 yards seaward from the shoreline of the Burke Lakefront Airport and encompasses all waters in Lake Erie within a line connecting the following geographical positions: 41°31′45″ N, 081°39′20″ W; then extending northwest to 41°32′23″ N, 081°39′46″ W; then extending southwest to 41°31′02″ N, 081°42′10″ W; then extending southwest to the shoreline at 41°30′38″ N, 081°41′53″ W (NAD 83); then following the shoreline back to the point of origin.
(b) Definitions. (1) Designated representative means any Coast Guard commissioned, warrant, or petty officers designated by the Captain of the Port Buffalo to monitor a security zone, permit entry into a security zone, give legally enforceable orders to persons or vessels within a security zone, and take other actions authorized by the Captain of the Port Buffalo.
(2) Public vessel means a vessel that is owned, chartered, or operated by the United States, or by a State or political subdivision thereof.
(c) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.33 of this part, entry into, transiting, or anchoring within this security zone is prohibited unless authorized by the Captain of the Port Buffalo or her designated on-scene representative.
(2) All persons and vessels must comply with the instructions of the Coast Guard Captain of the Port Buffalo or a designated representative. Upon being hailed by the U.S. Coast Guard by siren, radio, flashing light or other means, the operator of a vessel shall proceed as directed.
(3) All vessels must obtain permission from the Captain of the Port Buffalo or a designated representative to enter, move within, or exit the security zone established in this section when the security zone is enforced. Vessels and persons granted permission to enter the security zone shall obey all lawful orders or directions of the Captain of the Port Buffalo or a designated representative. While within the security zone, all vessels shall operate at the minimum speed necessary to maintain a safe course.
(d) Notice of Enforcement or Suspension of Enforcement. The security zone established by this section will be enforced only upon notice of the Captain of the Port Buffalo. The Captain of the Port Buffalo will cause notice of enforcement of the security zone established by this section to be made by all appropriate means to the affected segments of the public including publication in the Federal Register as practicable, in accordance with 33 CFR 165.7(a). Such means of notification may also include, but are not limited to Broadcast Notice to Mariners or Local Notice to Mariners. The Captain of the Port Buffalo will issue a Broadcast Notice to Mariners notifying the public when enforcement of the security zone established by this section is suspended.
(e) Exemption. Public vessels as defined in paragraph (b) of this section are exempt from the requirements in this section.
(f) Waiver. For any vessel, the Captain of the Port Buffalo or a designated representative may waive any of the requirements of this section, upon finding that operational conditions or other circumstances are such that application of this section is unnecessary or impractical for the purposes of safety or environmental safety.
(g) Authority. In addition to 46 U.S.C. 70034 and 46 U.S.C. 70051, the authority for this section includes 46 U.S.C. 70116.
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Dated: July 29, 2019.
Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port Buffalo.
[FR Doc. 2019-16730 Filed 8-5-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P