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2019-2020 Station-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), open seven National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) that are currently closed to hunting and sport fishing. In addition, we expand hunting and sport fishing at 70 other NWRs, and add pertinent station-specific regulations for other NWRs that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the 2019-2020 season. We also formally open 15 units of the National Fish Hatchery System to hunting and sport fishing. We also add pertinent station-specific regulations that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing at these 15 National Fish Hatcheries (NFHs) for the 2019-2020 season. This rule includes global administrative updates to every NWR entry in our refuge-specific regulations and the reorganization of general public use regulations. We remove approximately 2,100 regulations that will have no impact on the administration of hunting and sport fishing within the National Wildlife Refuge System. We also simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific regulations to comply with a Presidential mandate to adhere to plain language standards and to reduce the regulatory burden on the public. Lastly, we remove the provision concerning same-day airborne hunting of the regulations specific to Alaska NWRs.

DATES:

This rule is effective August 29, 2019.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Katherine Harrigan, (703) 358-2440.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 closes NWRs in all States except Alaska to all uses until opened. The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) may open refuge areas to any use, including hunting and/or sport fishing, upon a determination that the use is compatible with the purposes of the refuge and National Wildlife Refuge System mission. The action also must be in accordance with provisions of all laws applicable to the areas, developed in coordination with the appropriate State fish and wildlife agency(ies), consistent with the principles of sound fish and wildlife management and administration, and otherwise in the public interest. These requirements ensure that we maintain the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of the Refuge System for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

We annually review hunting and sport fishing programs to determine whether to include additional stations or whether individual station regulations governing existing programs need modifications. Changing environmental conditions, State and Federal regulations, and other factors affecting fish and wildlife populations and habitat may warrant modifications to station-specific regulations to ensure the continued compatibility of hunting and sport fishing programs and to ensure that these programs will not materially interfere with or detract from the fulfillment of station purposes or the Services mission.

Provisions governing hunting and sport fishing on refuges are in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations in part 32 (50 CFR part 32), on hatcheries in part 71 (50 CFR part 71). We regulate hunting and sport fishing to:

  • Ensure compatibility with refuge and hatchery purpose(s);
  • Properly manage fish and wildlife resource(s);
  • Protect other values;
  • Ensure visitor safety; and
  • Provide opportunities for fish- and wildlife-dependent recreation.

On many stations where we decide to allow hunting and sport fishing, our general policy of adopting regulations identical to State hunting and sport fishing regulations is adequate in meeting these objectives. On other stations, we must supplement State regulations with more-restrictive Federal regulations to ensure that we meet our management responsibilities, as outlined in the Statutory Authority section, below. We issue station-specific hunting and sport fishing regulations when we open wildlife refuges and fish hatcheries to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, or sport fishing. These regulations may list the wildlife species that you may hunt or fish, seasons, bag or creel (container for carrying fish) limits, methods of hunting or sport fishing, descriptions of areas open to hunting or sport fishing, and other provisions as appropriate. You may find previously issued station-specific regulations for hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR part 32.

Statutory Authority

The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (Administration Act; 16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee, as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 [Improvement Act]) govern the administration and public use of refuges and the Refuge Recreation Act of 1962 (16 U.S.C. 460k-460k-4) (Recreation Act) govern the administration and public use of refuges and hatcheries.

Amendments enacted by the Improvement Act were built upon the Administration Act in a manner that provides an “organic act” for the Refuge System, similar to organic acts that exist for other public Federal lands. The Improvement Act serves to ensure that we effectively manage the Refuge System as a national network of lands, waters, and interests for the protection and conservation of our Nation's wildlife resources. The Administration Act states first and foremost that we focus our Refuge System mission on conservation of fish, wildlife, and plant resources and their habitats. The Improvement Act requires the Secretary, before allowing a new use of a refuge, or before expanding, renewing, or extending an existing use of a refuge, to determine that the use is compatible with the purpose for which the refuge was established and the mission of the Refuge System. The Improvement Act established as the policy of the United States that wildlife-dependent recreation, when compatible, is a legitimate and appropriate public use of the Refuge System, through which the American public can develop an appreciation for fish and wildlife. The Improvement Act established six wildlife-dependent recreational uses as the priority general public uses of the Refuge System. These uses are hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, and environmental education and interpretation.

The Recreation Act authorizes the Secretary to administer areas within the Refuge System and Hatchery System for public recreation as an appropriate incidental or secondary use only to the extent that doing so is practicable and not inconsistent with the primary purpose(s) for which Congress and the Service established the areas. The Recreation Act requires that any recreational use of refuge or hatchery lands be compatible with the primary purpose(s) for which we established the Start Printed Page 47641refuge and not inconsistent with other previously authorized operations.

The Administration Act and Recreation Act also authorize the Secretary to issue regulations to carry out the purposes of the Acts and regulate uses.

We develop specific management plans for each refuge prior to opening it to hunting or sport fishing. In many cases, we develop station-specific regulations to ensure the compatibility of the programs with the purpose(s) for which we established the refuge or hatchery and the Refuge and Hatchery System mission. We ensure initial compliance with the Administration Act and the Recreation Act for hunting and sport fishing on newly acquired land through an interim determination of compatibility made at or near the time of acquisition. These regulations ensure that we make the determinations required by these acts prior to adding refuges to the lists of areas open to hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71. We ensure continued compliance by the development of comprehensive conservation plans and step-down management plans, and by annual review of hunting and sport fishing programs and regulations.

Summary of Comments and Responses

On June 26, 2019, we published a proposed rule in the Federal Register (84 FR 30314) to open 7 NWRs that are currently closed to hunting and sport fishing, formally open 15 NFHs to hunting and sport fishing, expand hunting and sport fishing at 70 other NWRs, and add pertinent station-specific regulations for other NWRs that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the 2019-2020 season. We accepted public comments on the proposed rule for 45 days, ending August 12, 2019. By that date, we received 918 comments on the proposed rule. A large number of these comments expressed general support for the proposed changes in the rule. These comments of support came from individuals, States, and nongovernmental organizations. A number of State responses specifically expressed their support for the Service's efforts to increase access for hunters and anglers, and to more closely align to State hunting and fishing regulations, in support of Secretarial Orders 3347 and 3356, as well as Service laws, regulations, and policies. For all State recommendations we received on the rule, the Service will work closely with individual States to address these in future rulemakings. We discuss the remaining comments we received below by topic.

Comment (1): Many commenters expressed general opposition to any hunting or fishing in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS, or Refuge System). In many cases, commenters stated that hunting was antithetical to the purposes of a “refuge”.

Our Response: The Administration Act, as amended, stipulates that hunting (along with fishing, wildlife observation and photography, and environmental education and interpretation), if found to be compatible, is a legitimate and priority general public use of a refuge and should be facilitated. The Service has adopted policies and regulations implementing the requirements of the Administration Act that refuge managers comply with when considering hunting and fishing programs.

We allow hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs only if such activity has been determined compatible with the established purpose(s) of the refuge and the mission of the Refuge System as required by the Administration Act. Hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs generally occurs consistent with State regulations, including seasons and bag limits. Refuge-specific hunting regulations can be more restrictive (but not more liberal) than State regulations and often are more restrictive in order to help meet specific refuge objectives. These objectives include resident wildlife population and habitat objectives, minimizing disturbance impacts to wildlife, maintaining high-quality opportunities for hunting and other wildlife-dependent recreation, eliminating or minimizing conflicts with other public uses and/or refuge management activities, and protecting public safety.

Each refuge manager makes a decision regarding hunting on that particular refuge only after rigorous examination of the available information. Developing or referencing a comprehensive conservation plan (CCP), a 15-year plan for the refuge, is generally the first step a refuge manager takes. Our policy for managing units of the Refuge System is that we will manage all refuges in accordance with an approved CCP, which, when implemented, will achieve refuge purposes; help fulfill the Refuge System mission; maintain and, where appropriate, restore the ecological integrity of each refuge and the Refuge System; help achieve the goals of the National Wilderness Preservation System; and meet other mandates. The CCP will guide management decisions and set forth goals, objectives, and strategies to accomplish these ends. The next step for refuge managers is developing or referencing step-down plans, of which a hunting plan would be one. Part of the process for opening a refuge to hunting after completing the step-down plan would be appropriate compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), such as conducting an environmental assessment accompanied by the appropriate decision documentation (record of decision, finding of no significant impact, or environmental action memorandum or statement). The rest of the elements in the opening package are an evaluation of section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); copies of letters requesting State and/or tribal involvement; and draft refuge-specific regulatory language. We make available the CCP, hunt plan, and NEPA documents, and request public comments on them, as well as on any proposed rule, before we allow hunting on a refuge.

In sum, this illustrates that the decision to allow hunting on an NWR is not a quick or simple process. It is full of deliberation and discussion, including review of all available data to determine the relative health of a population before we allow it to be hunted.

The word “refuge” includes the idea of providing a haven of safety for wildlife, and as such, hunting might seem an inconsistent use of the NWRS. However, again, the Administration Act stipulates that hunting, if found compatible, is a legitimate and priority general public use of a refuge. Furthermore, we manage refuges to support healthy wildlife populations that in many cases produce harvestable surpluses that are a renewable resource. As practiced on refuges, hunting and fishing do not pose a threat to wildlife populations. It is important to note that taking certain individual species through hunting does not necessarily reduce a population overall, as hunting can simply replace other types of mortality. In some cases, however, we use hunting as a management tool with the explicit goal of reducing a population; this is often the case with exotic and/or invasive species that threaten ecosystem stability. Therefore, facilitating hunting opportunities is an important aspect of the Service's roles and responsibilities as outlined in the legislation establishing the NWRS, and the Service will continue to facilitate these opportunities where compatible with the purpose of the specific refuge and the mission of the NWRS.

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We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (2): We received a comment with general support for the proposed changes in the rule, but with multiple concerns at a national level. These concerns included a perceived lack of consistency with regulations for dogs on refuges, non-alignment to State hunting and fishing regulations across the National Wildlife Refuge System, the lack of clarity of the proposed changes within the rule, and frustration with the speed at which the Service promulgates rulemakings for hunting and fishing, with a desire for rulemakings to be made two or four times a year.

Our Response: Even though State regulations may allow dogs during hunting activities, our general refuge regulations prohibit all domesticated animals at 50 CFR 26.21(b) unless authorized at 50 CFR part 32. While refuges adopt State hunting and fishing regulations to the extent practicable, they must also comply with the general refuge regulations. Therefore, in order to allow dogs during hunting activities, each refuge must authorize the use of dogs during hunting activities in their refuge-specific entries at 50 CFR part 32. As we explained in our response to Comment (1), all uses on refuges must be found compatible and must not conflict with refuge objectives. Some refuges have found that the use of dogs during hunting activities must be limited or not authorized in order to avoid conflict with refuge objectives. Where we do allow the use of dogs while hunting, we attempt to have consistency with regulations between refuges, especially within States and geographic regions.

The Service has implemented a national effort to review all hunting and sport fishing regulations for alignment to State regulations. A team of Service employees performed an assessment at each field station of hunting and sport fishing regulations for alignment to State regulations and potential opportunities for increased access for hunters and anglers. As a result, over the past two regulatory cycles (2018-2019 and 2019-2020), the Service has proposed to remove 43 percent of the station-specific regulations (most of which were redundant to State regulations or overly burdensome to the public) and to simplify 42 percent of the station-specific regulations in an effort to reduce the regulatory burden on the public and increase alignment to State regulations.

The Office of the Federal Register determined that the Service has been utilizing a nonstandard codification system in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) for 50 CFR part 32, and directed the Service to update relevant sections of subchapter C of chapter I in title 50 of the CFR as part of this rule. The update requires us to apply paragraph designations where our regulations lacked them at 50 CFR 26.34, 32.7, and 32.20 through 32.70. We must reprint the entirety of these sections of the regulations to accomplish the update. In addition, with the number of regulations removed (approximately 2,170 regulations) and simplified (approximately 2,940 regulations), as well as the large number of openings and expansions on 89 refuges and hatcheries, the length of the rule would have increased substantially if we had explained every regulatory change in the preamble of the rule in addition to setting forth all of §§ 32.20 through 32.70, as well as other relevant sections of the regulations. At the proposed rule stage, interested parties had the opportunity to compare a NWR's current regulations against the regulations we proposed for that NWR.

The Service will continue to open and expand hunting and sport fishing opportunities across refuges and hatcheries; however, as detailed in our response to Comment (1) above, the decision to allow hunting or sport fishing on a refuge or hatchery is not a quick or simple process. The annual regulatory cycle begins in June or July of each year for the following hunting and sport fishing season (the planning cycle for this 2019-2020 final rule began in June 2018). This annual timeline allows the Service time to collaborate closely with our State, tribal, and territorial partners, and other partners including nongovernmental organizations on potential opportunities, and to complete the requirements for opening or expanding new opportunities. Therefore, it would be impracticable to complete multiple regulatory cycles in one calendar year due to the logistics of coordinating with various partners. Once the Service determines that a hunting or sport fishing opportunity can be carried out in a manner compatible with individual station purposes and objectives, we work expeditiously to open it.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (3): The Voigt Intertribal Task Force of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC) submitted comments on behalf of member tribes within ceded territories over portions of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. The comments were specific to tribal members exercising their treaty rights on ceded territory for hunting on Crane Meadows NWR and Iron River NFH, and hunting and fishing on Whittlesey Creek NWR. They requested that there be an explicit acknowledgement in the station-specific regulations and in the Whittlesey Creek NWR fishing plan that tribal members from tribes with reserved treaty rights in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territories can hunt and fish pursuant to tribal regulations.

Our Response: The Service thanks the GLIFWC for their comments. These comments are substantial and due to their complexity, we do not feel we can adequately address them within the timeframe of this year's rulemaking process. We have a long-term, cooperative, successful working relationship with GLIFWC and its member tribes on Treaty issues. Therefore, in order to facilitate the adequate review needed to address these comments, we will request to initiate a formal government-to-government consultation process with GLIFWC for next year's hunting and fishing rule development. Until we can finalize a rule in 2020, we will strive to accommodate GLIFWC tribal members who wish to exercise their Treaty rights on these refuges and fish hatcheries through our existing special-use-permit process. We look forward to the consultation process, and working with all our partners, to develop a rule for 2020-2021. Edits made specifically to the Whittlesey Creek NWR fishing plan will be discussed during the consultation process.

We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (4): We received general comments of support from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. However, all three States requested additional openings or expansions for hunting and sport fishing beyond what the Service proposed on June 26, 2019 (84 FR 30314).

Our Response: The Service is committed to working with our State partners to identify additional opportunities for expansion of hunting and sport fishing on Service lands and waters. We have initiated steps to update our hunt plans for NWRs in New York. All efforts to improve opportunities for hunters and better align with State regulations for our updated hunt plans will be coordinated with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and will be included next year in the Service's proposed rule for the 2020-2021 station-Start Printed Page 47643specific hunting and sport fishing regulations.

A timeline, which outlines by annual regulatory cycle when these opportunities will be addressed based on available resources, has been provided to the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation. Additionally, the Service has verbally committed to working with the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation on specific refuges in Oklahoma to expand fishing opportunities within our legal framework prior to development of refuge-specific fishing plans.

A high priority for the Service's Southeast Region will be to work with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources to discuss and consider proposals to open or expand additional hunting opportunities where compatible on NWRs in Georgia in the 2020-2021 regulatory cycle. This includes proposals to open or expand alligator hunting opportunities where compatible at refuges; proposals to open or expand opportunities where compatible for small game hunting, waterfowl hunting, and archery deer hunting at additional refuges; and alignment of general administrative regulations. Another high priority for the Service's Southeast Region will be to work with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources to discuss a consistent customer service approach to quota-managed hunts and the use of a consistent online hunt permit system.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (5): We received a comment from the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources with five specific requests for clarification on Canaan Valley and Ohio River Islands NWRs in West Virginia. The requests included clarification of dog regulations for upland game hunting on Ohio River Islands NWR, the use of crossbows during archery deer season on both refuges, refuge access hours for anglers on Ohio River Islands NWR, the status of sport fishing on Canaan Valley NWR, and potential R3 (recruitment, retention, and reactivation) activities on both refuges.

Our Response: The first request asked the Service to clarify whether dogs are allowed for hunting upland game on Ohio River Islands NWR, as the refuge does not have specific language authorizing dogs for this activity (see our response to Comment (2)). The use of pursuit dogs for upland game hunting (i.e., rabbits and squirrels) is not a compatible use on Ohio River Islands NWR, and is therefore prohibited. On this NWR, we only allow dogs to locate, point, and retrieve when hunting for migratory birds.

The second request asked the Service to include crossbows during archery deer seasons on both the Ohio River Islands and Canaan Valley NWRs to align with State regulations. The Service agrees with this suggestion, and this rule authorizes the use of crossbows on both refuges during archery deer seasons.

The third request asked how anglers who are legally fishing in the Ohio River after legal sunset will be able to distinguish refuge property from State waters, as Ohio River Islands NWR will close to anglers from 1 hour after legal sunset to 1 hour before legal sunrise. The Service marks all refuge boundaries with signs that notify anglers where the refuge boundary lies.

The fourth request noted that Canaan Valley NWR is closed for sport fishing. The Service has initiated steps to open Canaan Valley NWR to sport fishing for the 2020-2021 season. Any changes or strategies that are developed during the planning process will be made in close coordination with the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources staff and through the general public. The plan will be accompanied with a compatibility determination and appropriate NEPA compliance, and draft documents will likely be ready for public review and comment in the spring of 2020.

Finally, the last request was for the Service to consider additional R3 (recruitment, retention, and reactivation) activities in addition to efforts to be more consistent with State regulations. The Service will consider new R3 initiatives at West Virginia refuges and hopes to work with the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources to coordinate capacity and opportunities.

In response to this comment, we have added regulatory language to authorize the use of crossbows during deer archery seasons at Ohio River Islands and Canaan Valley NWRs.

Comment (6): We received a letter from the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD) with support for the Service's effort to increase alignment of hunting and sport fishing regulations with State regulations, and with specific comments and recommendations for refuges within the State of Arizona.

Our Response: The Service appreciates the comments regarding hunting and fishing in Arizona, and the ongoing coordination with the AGFD during the two meetings with our Regional Directorate Team as well as consistent coordination among the field managers within our agencies.

The Service proposed 832,170 acres across seven refuges in expanded hunting opportunities in Arizona for the 2019-2020 season and will be working with the staff of the AGFD to add new opportunities over the next 3 years. For the 2020-2021 season, we plan to propose opening new opportunities at Buenos Aires, Cabeza Prieta, Cibola, and Leslie Canyon NWRs. In the 2 years following, we plan to propose opening additional new opportunities at Havasu, Bill Williams, San Bernardino, and Imperial NWRs. The order of proposals is subject to change, and we welcome input on priority setting for the future.

The Service is working to increase hunting opportunities within the State of Arizona. We focused our attention this year on hunting and alignments where possible. Full alignment with current State hunting and fishing regulations may not be reached in all cases based on the need to balance recreational uses like hunting and fishing with sensitive and trust species like the masked bobwhite quail and Sonoran pronghorn, and public demand for other priority public uses of the National Wildlife Refuge System and public safety considerations. Specifically, though Eurasian collared-dove hunting is open year-round in Arizona, it will only be open on NWRs during dove season in order to minimize disturbance to non-targeted game species. Deer hunting and waterfowl hunting will be in partial alignment with State seasons, times, and lawful methods, and will allow additional methods. For waterfowl, we are not making hunt time changes in some units to minimize disturbance to roosting waterfowl and sandhill cranes. As for AGFD's request to include the voluntary use of nontoxic shot or ammunition, refuges that already require non-lead ammunition will continue to maintain this requirement.

We look forward to continuing our ongoing efforts to provide more hunting and fishing opportunities on NWRs in Arizona and aligning species, season dates, bag limits, and methods of take with State laws and regulations where appropriate.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (7): We received general comments of support from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) for the proposal to expand waterfowl hunting at Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually NWR, and to open San Juan Islands NWR and four NFHs (Entiat, Leavenworth, Little White Salmon, and Spring Creek NFHs) to fishing. However, the WDFW stated that they were not provided the opportunity Start Printed Page 47644to review or comment on the fishing proposals prior to their release for public comment.

Our Response: The Service appreciates the WDFW's support for the hunting expansion at Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually NWR, and expansion of fishing opportunities on San Juan Islands NWR and the four NFHs.

We acknowledge the WDFW's concern that they were not provided the opportunity to review or comment on the fishing proposals prior to their release for public comment. Notification occurred on a local level, as the Service has done in the past. The Washington Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Complex staff notified the WDFW's North Puget Sound (Region 4) office of the Service's intent to open the fishing opportunity on Turn Island, part of the San Juan Islands NWR, on January 31, 2019, several months prior to publication of the proposed rule in the Federal Register (84 FR 30314; June 26, 2019). The Service's authorization of shoreline fishing at San Juan Islands NWR is in compliance and consistent with the WDFW's fishing regulations for Marine Area 7 (San Juan Islands). We note that the waters surrounding the refuge are already open to fishing; we are allowing shoreline fishing from Turn Island, which is already open to other public uses.

In addition, the Service's Columbia-Pacific Northwest Region Fisheries Program staff sent a coordination letter to the WDFW's District 5 biologists on February 13, 2019, notifying them of the proposal to formally open the Little White Salmon and Spring Creek NFHs to fishing. On August 13, 2019, the WDFW's Regional Director for Region 2 confirmed that: “Communications about fishing opportunities and season structures are well-coordinated between the WDFW and the Leavenworth Fisheries Complex in central Washington, which includes the Entiat and Leavenworth NFHs. The Service communicates frequently with WDFW staff on all fish returns and seasonal opportunities to open fisheries involving Service-produced stocks. The WDFW's Region 2 staff are aware of areas that are open to these fisheries (including NFHs). The Service has worked routinely with the WDFW to explore new areas of opportunities and will continue to do so.”

The formal opening of San Juan Islands NWR and the Entiat, Leavenworth, Little White Salmon, and Spring Creek NFHs to fishing does not lead to new, modified, or revised fishing rules in the State. We are codifying an activity (fishing) that had been taking place for many decades at these facilities; the formal openings, therefore, do not represent an increase in fishing opportunities. The Service received no responses from the local WDFW offices on the proposals.

We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (8): We received general comments of support from the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) for expansion of hunting and fishing opportunities at Minidoka NWR. However, IDFG stated that the June 26, 2019, proposed rule (84 FR 30314) falls well short of the opportunities originally identified by the IDFG in a letter submitted to the Service in November 2017, in response to Secretarial Order No. 3347 (U.S. Dept. of the Interior) to “expand access significantly for recreational hunting and fishing on public lands,” and “to improve recreational hunting and fishing cooperation, consultation, and communication with [S]tate wildlife managers.”

Our Response: The proposed rule for the 2019-2020 season includes opening Minidoka NWR to archery elk hunting in an area open to waterfowl and upland game hunting, and expanding the boating season by one month to provide additional fishing opportunities. As the Service acknowledged in a July 23, 2019, meeting between Service staff and the IDFG, the proposed rule's two changes for Idaho are just the beginning of a larger effort to work with the State of Idaho in a phased approach to identify additional opportunities for expansion of hunting and sport fishing on Service lands and waters. The Service looks forward to working with the IDFG in the coming months to develop additional proposals for the 2020-2021 season.

We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (9): We received a comment from the Alaska Department of Fish and Game regarding the proposed changes to 50 CFR part 36. While the State was supportive of the removal of the same-day airborne hunting regulation in alignment with State hunting statute (Alaska Statutes (AS) 16.05.783) and State hunting regulations (Alaska Administrative Code (AAC) at 5 AAC 92.085), the State did not support the other proposed changes to part 36. The State also requested that the Service undertake future rulemakings for removal of other regulations.

Our Response: We recognize the State of Alaska's concerns about the proposed amended regulations. We will work in coordination with the State on the future rulemaking as noted in their comment. In response, the only regulatory change we are making to 50 CFR part 36 in this rule is to remove the restriction at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv) concerning same-day airborne hunting, as consistent with State regulations.

Comment (10): We received a few comments that opposed the proposal to remove the restriction at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv) concerning same-day airborne hunting on national wildlife refuge lands in Alaska. The commenters felt that the Service had failed to explain our change in position, and that with the removal of this restriction, the State may try to implement predator control programs on Alaska refuges. The commenters also stated that there would be a risk that the State could change their regulations, therefore allowing the same-day airborne take of wolves and wolverines.

Our Response: The Service initiated this rulemaking process to standardize and clarify our regulations. Further, in response to Secretarial Orders 3347 and 3356, we organized a national team to review refuge-specific regulations for consistency with State regulations specifically focused on non-subsistence hunting and fishing uses. Through this evaluation, we determined that the same-day airborne regulations were redundant with existing State of Alaska regulations, and we are amending our regulations accordingly. 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv) duplicates a State of Alaska law and regulation (AS 16.05.783 and 5 AAC 92.085) that already prohibits same-day airborne hunting of wolves and wolverines. For that reason, such practices will continue to be prohibited on NWRs in Alaska despite the removal of 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv). If the State of Alaska changes its same-day airborne regulation to permit this activity for certain species, then the Service may initiate a rulemaking process to reinstate its Alaska-specific regulation prohibiting same-day airborne hunting.

Active predator control on refuges by the State of Alaska is not allowed unless the State is granted a permit from a refuge manager. In this manner, the Service retains its authority and control over this activity. Moreover, the Service remains authorized to institute emergency closure measures under 50 CFR 36.42, or to promulgate new regulations to ensure protection of resources and compliance with the Service's statutory obligations. Thus, the Service's management authority is not being abrogated.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (11): We received a number of comments, including the Arizona Game and Fish Department, requesting Start Printed Page 47645that the Service allow falconry as a use across the NWRS. These comments emphasized the cultural heritage and tradition of the sport of falconry, and requested that falconry be approved as a default use on all refuges. These comments were concerned with the ambiguity with which falconry is addressed in refuge-specific regulations, where some refuges allow falconry, some refuges prohibit falconry, and some refuges do not address falconry in their refuge-specific regulations. These comments also requested that falconry be considered a “regular method of take” and not a special hunt on refuges. Overall, these comments expressed interest in increasing opportunities for falconry on refuges.

Our Response: As stated in our response to Comment (1), we allow hunting of resident wildlife on NWRs only if such activity (including specific methods of take) has been determined to be compatible with the established purpose(s) of the refuge and the mission of the Refuge System as required by the Administration Act. Service policy, as outlined in our Fish and Wildlife Service Manual (FW) at 605 FW 2.7M (Special Hunts), stipulates, “We will address special types of hunts, such as falconry, in the hunt section of the visitor service plan (VSP).” In other words, each refuge manager, when developing their step-down VSP (which would include a hunt plan, if appropriate) from their CCP, must first determine if hunting is compatible. Assuming it is found to be compatible, the refuge manager would next determine the conduct of the hunt, which might include the use of falconry or other methods of take. A refuge manager has discretion to restrict hunting and types of hunting, specifically falconry and other methods of take, if, for example, endangered or threatened species are present, the cumulative impacts of a type of hunt have not been analyzed or are not available, or if a type of hunt is not compatible with the refuge; thus, this issue is decided individually on a refuge-by-refuge basis.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (12): We received a comment with general support for the proposed changes in the rule but with concerns that the hunting and sport fishing seasons on the refuges and hatcheries had no ending date, and would be open year-round.

Our Response: Hunting and sport fishing seasons on refuges and hatcheries align to State hunting and sport fishing regulations when opened and must not be more liberal than State regulations. Refuges and hatcheries may designate more restrictive season dates as necessary in order to make the activity compatible with the refuge or hatchery mission and purpose. Some State hunting or sport fishing opportunities may be open year-round. Therefore, the hunting and sport fishing opportunities in this rule either open and close at the same time as State hunting and sport fishing, or are limited to a shorter amount of time for biological purposes or to balance public uses on the station, as is generally the case for hunting opportunities where the State is open year-round. None of the hunting openings or expansions within this rule are open year-round.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (13): We received a substantial number of comments requesting that the Service open all lands to hunting and sport fishing, and not pursue any action to close lands to hunting or sport fishing, or impose any restrictions on hunters or anglers.

Our Response: Through this final rule, the Service is opening or expanding hunting and/or sport fishing opportunities on over 1.4 million acres at 89 stations (refuges and hatcheries) across 37 States. This is the largest number of openings and expansions the Service has proposed in a single rule, and is the result of a national effort to increase access for hunters and anglers on Service lands and waters. In addition, this final rule removes over 2,100 regulations and simplifies over 2,900 regulations, in an effort to achieve greater alignment with State regulations and reduce the regulatory burden on the public.

We made no changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (14): Multiple commenters said the Service should increase predator management by using any and all tools or methods in order to decrease depredation of both game animals and livestock in Idaho.

Our Response: Refuge managers consider predator management on a case-by-case basis. As with all species, a refuge manager makes a decision about managing predator populations, including allowing predatory species to be hunted, only after careful examination to ensure the action would comply with relevant laws, policies, and directives. The Administration Act, as amended, directs the Service to manage refuges for “biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health.” Predators play a critical role in the integrity, diversity, and overall health of ecosystems, so managing predators is not always appropriate. Before beginning a predator management protocol, or allowing predators to be hunted, a refuge manager would have to ensure that these actions would not threaten the integrity, diversity, or health of the refuge ecosystem. The manager would also have to determine that the actions were compatible with refuge purposes and was in keeping with the refuge's CCP and other step-down plans. The Service manages all refuges in accordance with an approved CCP, which, when implemented, will achieve refuge purposes; help fulfill the Refuge System mission; maintain, and, where appropriate, restore the ecological integrity of each refuge and the Refuge System; help achieve the goals of the National Wilderness Preservation System; and meet other mandates. In addition, the refuge manager would have to analyze the impacts of the proposed actions through the NEPA process, which would include the opportunity for public comment. Finally, the proposed actions would be open to public comment through the rulemaking process.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (15): One commenter felt that predators (coyotes, bobcats, coyotes, cougars, bears, and wolves) should not be hunted on refuges due to their biological importance in refuge ecosystems, and that the cumulative impacts of hunting these species was not thoroughly analyzed by the Service. The commenter also felt that “trophy hunting” of these species is inappropriate. They also felt that hunting of these species is unethical and the common methods of take for these species, including baiting, hounding, and trapping, are unsportsmanlike. Another commenter suggested that predators be introduced onto the refuges as a management tool rather than using hunters.

Our Response: As stated in our response to Comment (14), refuge managers consider predator management on a case-by-case basis. As with all species, a refuge manager makes a decision about managing predator populations, including allowing predatory species to be hunted, only after careful examination to ensure the action would comply with relevant laws, policies, and directives. We considered the impacts of hunting on predator populations through individual environmental assessments for each of the proposed hunting openings and expansions. We also consider the cumulative impacts of all proposed hunts in the 2019-2020 cumulative impacts report accompanying the proposed rule.Start Printed Page 47646

The Service does not attempt to define or authorize “trophy hunting” in any of our laws, regulations, or policies concerning hunting. We follow State hunting and fishing regulations, except for where we are more restrictive on individual stations, including State regulations concerning responsible hunting, or prohibitions on wanton waste (defined as “to intentionally waste something negligently or inappropriately”). As stated in our response to Comment (1), we only allow hunting on refuges and hatcheries when we have determined that the opportunity is sustainable and compatible.

Most of the predator species listed, if they are allowed to be hunted on a refuge, are only allowed to be taken incidentally during other refuge hunts with only weapons authorized for that hunt. Baiting is prohibited on all refuges outside Alaska under 50 CFR 32.2(h), unless specifically authorized under station-specific regulations, and it is uncommon for baiting to be authorized. The use of dogs for hounding is prohibited on refuges by 50 CFR 26.21(b) unless authorized by station-specific regulations, and many refuges only authorize the use of dogs for retrieval of migratory birds, upland game birds, and small game. Most refuges that allow dogs require the dogs to be under the immediate control of the hunter at all times, or leashed unless actively retrieving an animal.

Under the Improvement Act, trapping is not considered a priority wildlife-dependent recreational use of the Refuge System. Trapping programs on refuges are generally implemented to accomplish wildlife management objectives. These objectives vary between refuges, and are often an essential tool in meeting refuge management objectives (e.g., trapping of predators may be necessary to accomplish waterfowl production objectives or to protect an endangered species).

As for utilizing predators as a management tool instead of hunters, we would need to follow the same process as outlined in our response to Comment (14). The Administration Act, as amended, directs the Service to manage refuges for “biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health.” Predators and prey species both play a critical role in the integrity, diversity, and overall health of ecosystems, so management actions concerning all species must be considered on a station-by-station basis.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment, though we clarified our cumulative impacts report as a result of this comment.

Comment (16): One commenter was of the opinion that hunting can disrupt the natural balance of the ecosystem and conflicts with the mission of the NWRS. The commenter also felt that the Service relied on outdated and insufficient data to support the proposed openings and expansions, that increased hunting would have negative impacts on target species and refuge ecosystems, and that the Service needs to publish current population data for all target species at the refuge and national levels. The commenter also felt that the Service did not properly analyze the cumulative impacts of hunting on “keystone species,” including federally listed species and migratory birds.

Our Response: We do not allow hunting on a refuge if it is found incompatible with that individual refuge's purposes or with the mission of the NWRS. In addition, the Service's biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health (BIDEH) policy (601 FW 3) guides decision-making with respect to management of activities on refuges, including hunting. Service biologists and wildlife professionals, in consultation with the State, determine the optimal number of each game animal that should reside in an ecosystem and then establish hunt parameters (e.g., bag limits, sex ratios) based on those analyses. We carefully consider how a proposed hunt fits with individual refuge goals, objectives, and strategies before allowing the hunt. None of the known, estimated, or projected harvests of migratory game birds, upland game, or big game species in this rulemaking is expected to have significant adverse direct, indirect, or cumulative impacts to hunted populations, non-hunted wildlife, endangered or threatened species, plant or habitat resources, wildlife-dependent recreation, prescribed fire, air, soil, water, cultural resources, refuge facilities, solitude, or socio-economics. We analyze these impacts not only in each refuge's NEPA document, but also in the 2019-2020 cumulative impacts report.

The Service does not collect population data at the national level, and is able to use State population data when analyzing the impacts at individual stations or within a State. When determining the compatibility of an activity, Service policy (603 FW 2) directs station managers to utilize all available data in exercising their sound professional judgement in the decision-making process.

“Keystone species” are species on which other species in an ecosystem depend, and if these species were removed, the ecosystem would change drastically. As stated above, the Service thoroughly analyzes the impacts of allowing species to be hunted, including keystone species, both in station NEPA documents and in the 2019-2020 cumulative impacts report. For federally listed species, the Service is required to complete an Endangered Species Act (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) section 7 consultation prior to opening hunting of a species. The Service does not allow hunting if its effect would conflict with refuge purposes or the mission of the Service, including significant cumulative effects on individual species, federally listed species, or migratory birds.

We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment, though we clarified our cumulative impacts report as a result of this comment.

Comment (17): Two commenters asserted that we should prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) before proposing to expand hunting and fishing opportunities on refuges or hatcheries. According to the commenter, the proposed rule is of sufficient context and intensity to indicate that it is significant enough to warrant an EIS, and that the Service did not adequately analyze the cumulative impacts across the country on all huntable populations with the cumulative impacts report.

Our Response: The Service disagrees with the assertion that we should prepare an EIS before proposing expanded hunting and fishing opportunities on refuges or hatcheries. The Service's NEPA-related analysis of the impacts of the proposed rule demonstrated that the rule would not have significant impacts at the local, regional, or national level, and the commenter has provided no additional information that would change our analysis. As discussed above, we annually conduct management activities on refuges and hatcheries that minimize or offset impacts of hunting and fishing on physical and cultural resources, including establishing designated areas for hunting; restricting levels of use; confining access and travel to designated locations; providing education programs and materials for hunters, anglers, and other users; and conducting law enforcement activities.

The Service completed individual environmental assessments for or applied categorical exclusions to 89 refuges and hatcheries in compliance with NEPA to evaluate the impacts of opening or expanding hunting and fishing opportunities on the stations in connection with this rulemaking. These environmental assessments and Start Printed Page 47647categorical exclusions underwent regional and national review to address and consider these actions from a multi-State or flyway perspective, and to consider the cumulative impacts from this larger geographical context. The 2019-2020 cumulative impacts report concludes that, after analyzing the impacts of these 89 environmental assessments and categorical exclusions collectively with the refuges that already allow hunting and fishing, the rule will not result in significant adverse impacts to the human environment. A court found that this approach was an appropriate way for the Service to analyze the impacts of the rule in compliance with NEPA (see Fund for Animals v. Hall, 777 F. Supp. 2d 92, 105 (D.D.C. 2011)). Therefore, we did not find that the impacts to the human environment were severe, as the commenter suggests.

We did not make any changes to the rule as result of these comments.

Comment (18): One commenter stated that the Service is improperly deferring to State wildlife management authority with the proposed changes in the rule.

Our Response: The Service works closely with our State partners in managing hunting and fishing programs on refuge lands. As stated in our response to Comment (1), the Service generally allows hunting or fishing of wildlife on refuges and hatcheries consistent with State regulations, including seasons and bag limits. Refuge-specific hunting and fishing regulations can be more restrictive (but not more liberal) than State regulations and often are more restrictive in order to help meet specific refuge objectives. Our authority to do so stems from the Administration Act, as amended, which states, “when the Secretary [of the Interior] determines that a proposed wildlife-dependent recreational use is a compatible use within a refuge, that activity should be facilitated, subject to such restrictions or regulations as may be necessary, reasonable, and appropriate” (16 U.S.C. 668dd(a)(3)(D)), and “[r]egulations permitting hunting or fishing of fish and resident wildlife within the [Refuge] System shall be, to the extent practicable, consistent with State fish and wildlife laws, regulations, and management plans” (16 U.S.C. 668dd(m)).

We made no changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (19): A few commenters stated that the majority of Americans do not hunt and were of the opinion that allowing hunting would impede “non-consumptive” uses of refuges, including photography and wildlife viewing. These comments expressed that hunting is contrary to public interest.

Our Response: Congress, through the Administration Act, as amended, envisioned that hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, and environmental education and interpretation would all be treated as priority public uses of the NWRS. Therefore, the Service facilitates all of these uses on refuges, as long as they are found compatible with the purposes of the specific refuge and the mission of the NWRS. For this rulemaking, we analyzed impacts of the proposed changes to hunting programs at each refuge and hatchery through the NEPA process, which included analyzing impacts to other wildlife-dependent uses. The 74 refuges and 15 hatcheries for which we are opening or expanding hunting and/or sport fishing in this rulemaking completed environmental assessments (EAs) or applied categorical exclusions as previous actions were considered under an EA. We also provided opportunities for the public to comment on the proposed hunt opening and expansions when we developed the CCP, hunt plan, and compatibility determination, and through the NEPA process. When looking at the 89 EAs and categorical exclusions completed for this specific rulemaking, collectively with the refuges that already allow for hunting in the cumulative impacts report, the Service has determined that there are no significant impacts to other wildlife-dependent recreation opportunities.

The refuges and hatcheries in this rulemaking use a variety of techniques to reduce user conflict, such as specific hunt seasons, limited hunting hours, restricting which parts of the station are open to hunting, and restricting the number of hunters. Station managers also use public outreach tools, such as signs and brochures, to make users aware of hunting and their options for minimizing conflict. Most stations have station-specific regulations to improve the quality of the hunting experience as well as provide for quality wildlife-dependent experiences for other users. The Service is aware of several studies showing a correlation between increased hunting and decreased wildlife sightings, which underscores the importance of using the aforementioned techniques, particularly time and space zoning of hunting, to ensure a quality experience for all refuge and hatchery visitors. More information on how a specific station facilitates various wildlife-dependent recreation opportunities can be found in the station's CCP, hunt plan, and/or station-specific EA or environmental impact statement (EIS). The public may contact the specific refuge for any of these materials.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of these comments.

Comment (20): We received one comment with concern that the increase in openings and expansions of hunting and sport fishing would overwhelm existing law enforcement capacity and have a detrimental impact to public safety, wildlife, and other Service resources.

Our Response: As we discussed in our response to Comment (1), in order to open or expand hunting or sport fishing on a refuge, we must find the activity compatible. In order to find an activity compatible, the activity must not “materially interfere or detract from” public safety, wildlife resources, or the purpose of the refuge. For all 89 openings and expansions in this rule, we determined that the proposed actions would not have these detrimental impacts and found the actions to be compatible.

Service policy (603 FW 2.12(7)) requires station managers to determine that adequate resources (including personnel, which would include law enforcement) exist or can be provided by the Service or a partner to properly develop, operate, and maintain the use in a way that will not materially interfere with or detract from fulfillment of the refuge purpose(s) and the Service mission. If resources are lacking for establishment or continuation of wildlife-dependent recreational uses, the refuge manager will make reasonable efforts to obtain additional resources or outside assistance from States, other public agencies, local communities, and/or private and nonprofit groups before determining that the use is not compatible. When Service law enforcement resources are lacking, we are often able to rely upon State fish and game law-enforcement capacity to assist in enforcement of hunting and fishing regulations.

We made no changes to the rule based on this comment, though we clarified our cumulative impacts report based on this comment.

Comment (21): We received one comment with concern that the openings and expansions at 14 refuges that are also designated as Urban National Wildlife Refuges as part of the Urban Wildlife Conservation Program would have potential negative effects on the management goals of these refuges.

Our Response: Standard 2 of The Urban Standards of Excellence states, “[c]onnect urban people with nature via stepping stones of engagement.” Urban NWRs provide opportunities to Start Printed Page 47648introduce new audiences to hunting and fishing activities, and include them in outdoor traditions. Hunting and fishing activities can provide urban dwellers with opportunities to experience the outdoors, obtain organic protein, and learn new skills. Offering hunting and fishing opportunities on urban refuges can also help to re-engage city dwellers who used to enjoy hunting or fishing. Providing hunting and fishing opportunities near population centers can also increase license and equipment sales, which benefit wildlife conservation programs.

As described in our response to Comment (19), refuge managers, both urban and rural, balance refuge uses by opening and closing areas to activities at different times for a variety of reasons. They may include management actions (prescribed burning, constructing water control structures); safety (flooding, downed timber); and reduction of conflicts between users (hunters vs. wildlife-viewers). Restricting an area to hunting or fishing for short periods of time to allow that use is simply using time management and zoning to reduce conflicts.

In addition, urban refuges often have an overabundance of deer, geese, or other animals that are negatively impacting refuge resources. Hunt opportunities allow refuges and States to manage the populations, while providing opportunities for citizens to enjoy the outdoors and learn about population management.

We made no changes to the rule as result of this comment.

Comment (22): We received a comment in general support of the proposed changes to increase hunting and sport fishing, specifically at Laguna Atascosa and Lower Rio Grande Valley NWRs. However, this commenter expressed that if the refuges are going to hold lotteries, then hunters from the local area near the refuge should be given “preference points” so that these local hunters have a greater chance of being chosen for the hunt, similar to the lottery system used by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD).

Our Response: Both Laguna Atascosa and Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuges administer their lotteries through the TPWD lottery system. TPWD already has a system of “preference points” available for all hunters that are not drawn for a hunt. TPWD gives greater weight to unsuccessful applicants for future year drawings. This system likely helps local hunters over time as compared to out-of-town hunters who are less likely to reapply over numerous years for our hunts. Otherwise, there is currently no geographical weighting of applicants to favor applicants from the surrounding area within the TPWD lottery system.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (23): We received two comments concerning Anahuac, McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs, and the lack of consistency among the three refuges and their boating regulations, despite their close proximity to each other. The commenters pointed out that as proposed, these regulations do not meet the compatibility standards as listed in the stipulations necessary to ensure compatibility in the CCP covering all three refuges.

Our Response: We agree with the comment, and as a result of this comment, we have added clarifying language to the station-specific regulations for Anahuac, McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs regarding the types of boats allowed and horsepower restrictions. These revisions ensure consistency for the applicable provisions across all three refuges.

Comment (24): We received two comments requesting that Erie NWR reopen woodcock hunting on the refuge.

Our Response: Woodcock hunting has been open on Erie NWR previously and was only closed for a number of years to allow the Service to conduct research on the refuge. The refuge has coordinated with the State of Pennsylvania on reopening woodcock hunting, and has determined that the use should be reopened to the public. All requirements to allowing the use have already been completed.

In response to these comments, we have added woodcock to the list of species available to hunt for Erie NWR.

Comment (25): We received a substantial number of comments for Hutton Lake NWR on the refuge's environmental assessment and hunt plan expressing concern that allowing hunting could cause disturbance to wildlife and potentially cause conflict with other refuge visitors.

Our Response: Based on these comments, the Service is adopting a youth-only waterfowl hunt. Youth hunters would be able to hunt during the Wyoming Zone C2 “special youth waterfowl hunting days.” The Service has determined that the short temporal nature of the hunt will result in minimal disturbance to wildlife and other refuge users in the closed area. We intend to conduct a more detailed review of this issue in the future.

As a result of this comment, we have updated the language in the station-specific regulations for Hutton Lake NWR to allow only youth waterfowl hunting and only on certain days.

Comment (26): Hutton Lake and Medicine Lake NWRs received a comment from the Northern Cheyenne Tribe requesting monitoring measures to ensure continued cultural resource protections of sites.

Our Response: The Service will monitor known cultural resources. Staff will monitor cultural resources so that they may note any unusual activity or disturbance. The Service's cultural resource staff will visit the resources and note any changes in condition when possible, taking appropriate action. The cultural resources staff will be notified of discovery of previously unknown resources and ensure compliance with regulations and procedures.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (27): Hutton Lake NWR received a comment from the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Tribes requesting continued protection and compliance with regulations and procedures pertaining to traditional cultural properties.

Our Response: The Service remains committed to continued protection of cultural resource sites and compliance with regulation and procedures.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (28): One commenter felt that the Service did not properly consider the cumulative impacts of hunting beaver at Cross Creeks and Salt Plains NWRs.

Our Response: Both environmental assessments for Cross Creeks NWR and Salt Plains NWR sufficiently analyze and discuss the cumulative impacts of allowing beavers to be taken incidentally in addition to other refuge hunts. Beavers are already managed by refuge staff to prevent habitat damage caused by beaver dams, which can have negative impacts on vegetation, moist soil units, and other refuge resources. The Service does not anticipate a substantial take of beavers, as these refuges are not allowing standalone beaver hunting. Hunters will be allowed to take beavers incidentally during other designated refuge hunts.

We did not make any changes to the rule as a result of this comment.

Comment (29): We received one comment specific to Tamarac and Crane Meadows NWRs, and to Iron River NFH, suggesting these stations undergo further environmental review prior to approving the proposed rule, and that these stations are especially deficient in their analysis of impacts of hunting, hounding, and trapping of bobcats, coyotes, and bears (including impacts to ESA-listed species) on the Federal lands. Furthermore, they stated that Start Printed Page 47649incidental take of wolves and lynx was not sufficiently analyzed in all three plans and the ESA consultation was not available for public review. Specific to Tamarac NWR, they stated that there was a violation of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. subchapter II) by failing to explain a change in position in allowing the use of dogs to hunt bobcats in the proposed rule. For Iron River NFH, they commented on opening to the hounding of bears in wolf habitat based on possible conflicts with wolves. Additionally, they expressed concerns about the adequacy of an environmental assessment to evaluate the environmental impacts of opening to hunting using all methods of take, including hounding and trapping, described in State of Wisconsin hunting regulations.

Our Response: To be clear, hounding is not allowed for hunting furbearers on Crane Meadows and Tamarac NWRs. Both of these refuges have refuge-specific regulations outlined in their hunting brochures available on their websites that state that the use of dogs for furbearer hunting is prohibited on the refuge. Additionally, the use of dogs for hunting species of waterfowl and upland game is only allowed if the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times, as described in the proposed rule. To clarify that the use of dogs to hunt furbearers is prohibited on Tamarac and Crane Meadows NWRs, we add the following condition to relevant section of this final rule: “We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.” Bobcats and coyotes are considered furbearers under State of Minnesota regulations. At no point in time have dogs been allowed for furbearer hunting on Tamarac NWR; thus, no violation of the Administrative Procedure Act has occurred. Iron River NFH is allowing the use of dogs for all hunting as defined by the State of Wisconsin hunting regulations to maintain consistency with surrounding State and Federal land. In both cases, the stations are aligning with State hunting regulations outside the use of dogs for furbearers.

As stated in our response to Comment (15), trapping is not considered a priority wildlife-dependent recreational use of the Refuge System, and is therefore not considered for the purposes of this rule.

Intra-Service consultations conducted under the ESA's section 7 (section 7 consultations) are considered internal documents between the Division of Ecological Services and other Service programs such as Fisheries or Refuges. Final section 7 consultations were completed for all stations prior to the local public comment period on the refuges' NEPA documents and draft hunt plans that started May 1, 2019. These documents are not required to be made available for public comment; however, they can be made available upon request. Within their completed section 7 consultation, Iron River made a “no effect” determination for Canada lynx and gray wolf. The section 7 consultation points out that although the gray wolf occurs in Bayfield County, there is no evidence of gray wolves on Iron River NFH. Therefore, there would be no conflict with wolves by allowing hounding of bear. Within their section 7 consultation, Crane Meadows NWR determined that the hunting of coyotes and bobcats “may affect” but likely will not “adversely affect” Canada lynx and gray wolf due to those species' current ranges and distributions and to sightings of those species on the refuge being very rare. Tamarac NWR determined that implementing the proposed hunt plan “may affect, but not adversely affect” gray wolf populations because: (1) The current wolf density on the refuge is considered viable and sustainable, and juveniles natal to the refuge are dispersing to form other packs outside the refuge; (2) most of the expansion of hunting opportunities involves non-prey species for wolves; (3) the disturbance from activities associated with the new species proposed for hunting is expected to be minimal and not significantly more than what exists from other current recreational uses; (4) access for the newly proposed species and seasons will remain similar to what currently exists; (5) gray wolves established themselves on Tamarac NWR since the last amended hunt plan (1994) during an era where an established hunt program existed for migratory birds, small game, big game, and furbearers; (6) the timing of the proposed expanded hunting seasons falls primarily outside the breeding and denning period for wolf activity, which is a critical period in their life stage; and (7) a significant area, which encompasses the core home range for wolves using the refuge, is not hunted. Tamarac NWR falls outside the current lynx range and designated critical habitat. The evaluation provided by these stations' environmental assessments demonstrate no significant impacts as defined by NEPA (which is corroborated by the completed Intra-Service section 7 consultations).

The States of Minnesota and Wisconsin provide hunters with guidance in their regulations on how to tell the difference between wolves and coyotes. Wisconsin also provides guidance on how to tell the difference between lynx and bobcats. This education outreach will be augmented by outreach at the station to reduce the potential for incidental take of lynx and wolves. Managers will monitor potential incidental take of these species and respond accordingly. Wolves are currently protected under the ESA, and no final determination about their proposed delisting (84 FR 9648; March 15, 2019) has been made.

The environmental assessment completed for Iron River NFH sufficiently reviewed all methods of take when estimating potential harvest of species recommended for opening to hunting within their hunt plan, and found that all Wisconsin-related methods of take for the species proposed to be hunted would not have significant impact on the human environment.

Comment (30): We received 48 public comments on the Monomoy NWR draft hunt plan and comments from multiple organizations on the 2019-2020 station-specific hunting and sport fishing proposed rule. Collectively, these comments indicate there is strong opposition and little support for opening Monomoy NWR to coyote hunting. Locally, only three individuals supported the proposal, with two of those supporting specifically for the purposes of predator management for bird protection.

Our Response: Significant concerns were raised during the comment period by the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other local and national nonprofit conservation organizations regarding the likelihood for seal disturbance. The Service did not complete the necessary coordination with NOAA to identify Marine Mammal Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) concerns prior to the release of the environmental assessment. Therefore, in this rule, the Service will not allow for a coyote hunting program at Monomoy NWR for 2019-2020. Monomoy NWR will implement the waterfowl hunting program in 2019-2020, as proposed.

Changes From the Proposed Rule

As discussed above, under Summary of Comments and Responses, based on comments we received on the proposed rule and NEPA documents for individual refuges and hatcheries, we made changes in this final rule to Erie, Monomoy, Hutton Lake, Anahuac, McFaddin, Texas Point, Tamarac, Ohio River Islands, and Canaan Valley NWRs. Specifically, in response to comments, Start Printed Page 47650we added woodcock to the list of species open to hunting under migratory game birds on Erie NWR. Woodcock was open previously on the refuge and was temporarily closed to allow the refuge to conduct research. In coordination with the State of Pennsylvania, the Service has determined that the previous NEPA documents and compatibility determination are still valid, and with this rule, we open woodcock hunting on the refuge. In response to comments received on the draft hunt plan for Monomoy NWR, we will not be implementing a coyote-hunting program on the refuge in 2019-2020. Therefore, we have removed the proposed coyote regulations from the station-specific entry for Monomoy NWR. In response to comments received on the refuge's NEPA documents, Hutton Lake NWR will choose a different alternative from their environmental assessment and allow only youth waterfowl hunting in alignment with the State youth waterfowl hunt. In response to comments, we added clarifying language regarding boating regulations to Anahuac, McFaddin, and Texas Point NWRs. We also added clarifying language for Tamarac and Crane Meadows NWRs regarding the prohibition of dogs when hunting furbearers. In response to comments, on both Ohio River Islands and Canaan Valley NWRs, we added crossbow to the list of allowed weapons during deer archery seasons.

In response to comments received on the proposed rule, we limit our changes to 50 CFR 36.32 to only the removal of the same-day airborne hunting restriction at § 36.32(c)(1)(iv). In addition, we made several small edits to clarify or correct, like revising the name of a permit from “signed brochure” to “check-in card,” and editing a species list from “fox, squirrel” to “fox squirrel.” Also, throughout this rule, we have changed the name of “Dexter National Fish Hatchery” to the correct name, “Southwest Native Aquatic Resources and Recovery Center.” This name correction does not change the provisions in this final rule applicable to the Southwest Native Aquatic Resources and Recovery Center.

Effective Date

We are making this rule effective upon public inspection (see DATES, above). We provided a 45-day public comment period for the June 26, 2019, proposed rule (84 FR 30314). We have determined that any further delay in implementing these station-specific hunting and sport fishing regulations would not be in the public interest, in that a delay would hinder the effective planning and administration of refuges' and hatcheries' hunting and sport fishing programs. This rule does not impact the public generally in terms of requiring lead time for compliance. Rather, it relieves restrictions in that it allows activities on refuges and hatcheries that we would otherwise prohibit. Therefore, we find good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to make this rule effective upon public inspection.

Amendments to Existing Regulations

Updates to Hunting and Fishing Opportunities on NWRs and NFHs

This document codifies in the Code of Federal Regulations all of the Service's hunting and/or sport fishing regulations updated since the last time we published a rule amending these regulations (83 FR 45758; September 10, 2018) and that are applicable at Refuge System and Hatchery System units previously opened to hunting and/or sport fishing. This rule better informs the general public of the regulations at each station, increases understanding and compliance with these regulations, and makes enforcement of these regulations more efficient. In addition to now finding these regulations in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71, visitors to our refuges and hatcheries may find them reiterated in literature distributed by each station or posted on signs.

Table 1—Changes for 2019-2020 Hunting/Sport Fishing Season

StationStateMigratory bird huntingUpland game huntingBig game huntingSport fishing
Bandon MarshOregonAlready OpenClosedClosedD.
Bill Williams RiverArizonaEEAlready OpenAlready Open.
Billy Frank Jr. NisquallyWashingtonDClosedClosedAlready Open.
Bitter LakeNew MexicoEEAlready OpenClosed.
Bond SwampGeorgiaAlready OpenEEAlready Open.
Bosque del ApacheNew MexicoEEEAlready Open.
Boyer ChuteNebraskaDClosedC/EAlready Open.
Buenos AiresArizonaAlready OpenEEClosed.
Cedar PointOhioClosedClosedAlready OpenD.
Cherry ValleyPennsylvaniaAlready OpenAlready OpenAlready OpenB.
CibolaArizonaEEEAlready Open.
Clarks RiverKentuckyAlready OpenEAlready OpenAlready Open.
ColusaCaliforniaAlready OpenCClosedClosed.
Crab OrchardIllinoisC/EC/EEAlready Open.
Craig Brook NFHMaineClosedClosedClosedA.
Crane MeadowsMinnesotaBBDClosed.
Cross CreeksTennesseeAlready OpenCEAlready Open.
CurrituckNorth CarolinaEClosedEClosed.
Cypress CreekIllinoisC/DC/DDAlready Open.
Deep ForkOklahomaCAlready OpenEAlready Open.
DelevanCaliforniaAlready OpenCClosedClosed.
DesotoIowa and NebraskaClosedAlready OpenEAlready Open.
Edenton NFHNorth CarolinaClosedClosedClosedA.
Entiat NFHWashingtonClosedClosedClosedA.
Grand BayMississippi and AlabamaEAlready OpenAlready OpenClosed.
Great BayNew HampshireAlready OpenClosedC/EClosed.
Great RiverIllinois and MissouriAlready OpenEEAlready Open.
Green BayWisconsinClosedClosedAA.
HackmatackIllinois and WisconsinAlready OpenAlready OpenAlready OpenB.
HagermanTexasDDDAlready Open.
Harrison Lake NFHVirginiaClosedClosedClosedA.
Start Printed Page 47651
HavasuArizonaEAlready OpenAlready OpenAlready Open.
Hotchkiss NFHColoradoClosedClosedClosedA.
Hutton LakeWyomingAClosedClosedClosed.
ImperialArizonaEEAlready OpenAlready Open.
Inks Dam NFHTexasClosedClosedClosedA.
Iron River NFHWisconsinAAAClosed.
Key CaveAlabamaCCBClosed.
KirwinKansasDAlready OpenAlready OpenAlready Open.
KofaArizonaClosedEAlready OpenClosed.
Laguna AtascosaTexasClosedClosedEAlready Open.
Las VegasNew MexicoEClosedClosedClosed.
Leadville NFHColoradoAAAA.
Leavenworth NFHWashingtonClosedClosedClosedA.
Little RiverOklahomaAlready OpenCEAlready Open.
Little White Salmon NFHWashingtonClosedClosedClosedA.
Lower Rio Grande ValleyTexasAlready OpenClosedEClosed.
Marin IslandsCaliforniaClosedClosedClosedA.
MashpeeMassachusettsAAAClosed.
MattamuskeetNorth CarolinaAlready OpenClosedEAlready Open.
McKay CreekOregonCCBAlready Open.
Medicine LakeMontanaCAlready OpenAlready OpenE.
Middle Mississippi RiverIllinois and MissouriAlready OpenDED.
MinidokaIdahoAlready OpenAlready OpenBE.
MonomoyMassachusettsBBClosedAlready Open.
Neal SmithIowaDDDClosed.
Nestucca BayOregonAlready OpenClosedClosedB.
Northern Tallgrass PrairieIowa and MinnesotaDDDB.
OkefenokeeGeorgiaClosedAlready OpenEAlready Open.
Orangeburg NFHSouth CarolinaClosedClosedClosedA.
OttawaOhioAlready OpenAlready OpenAlready OpenD.
Ozark PlateauOklahomaClosedAAClosed.
Parker RiverMassachusettsD/EBD/EAlready Open.
Patoka RiverIndianaDDDD.
PatuxentMarylandAlready OpenAlready OpenDAlready Open.
PiedmontGeorgiaClosedEEAlready Open.
SacramentoCaliforniaAlready OpenCClosedClosed.
Salt PlainsOklahomaC/DC/DC/EAlready Open.
San BernardinoArizonaEAlready OpenClosedClosed.
Sand LakeSouth DakotaAlready OpenAlready OpenEAlready Open.
San Juan IslandsWashingtonClosedClosedClosedA.
San Pablo BayCaliforniaEAlready OpenClosedAlready Open.
SeedskadeeWyomingAlready OpenAlready OpenCAlready Open.
SequoyahOklahomaAlready OpenAlready OpenCAlready Open.
Silvio O. ConteMassachusetts and ConnecticutAAAA.
Southwest Native Aquatic Resources and Recovery CenterNew MexicoAAClosedClosed.
Spring Creek NFHWashingtonClosedClosedClosedA.
St. MarksFloridaAlready OpenDDAlready Open.
Stone LakesCaliforniaAlready OpenClosedClosedB.
SutterCaliforniaAlready OpenCClosedClosed.
TamaracMinnesotaCCAlready OpenAlready Open.
TishomingoOklahomaBClosedCAlready Open.
Tishomingo NFHOklahomaClosedClosedClosedA.
Trinity RiverTexasEEE.Already Open
ValentineNebraskaAlready OpenEAlready OpenAlready Open.
Valley City NFH (6)North DakotaClosedClosedClosedA.
WashitaOklahomaC/DCAlready OpenAlready Open.
Wichita MountainsOklahomaBBCAlready Open.
Whittlesey CreekWisconsinAlready OpenClosedAlready OpenB.
Key:
* number in ( ) refers to the Region as explained in the preamble to this proposed rule for additional information regarding refuge specific regulations.
A = New station opened (Opening).
B = New activity on a station previously open to other activities (Opening).
C = Station already open to activity but added new species to hunt (Opening).
D = Station already open to activity, but added new lands/waters or modified areas open to hunting or fishing (Expansion).
E = Station already open to activity, but existing opportunity expanded through season dates, method of take, bag limits, quota permits, youth hunt, etc. (Expansion).
F = Activity is being closed on the station.
Start Printed Page 47652

The changes for the 2019-2020 hunting/fishing season noted in the chart above are each based on a complete administrative record which, among other detailed documentation, also includes a hunt plan, a compatibility determination (for refuges), and the appropriate National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) analysis, all of which were the subject of a public review and comment process. These documents are available upon request.

Through these openings and expansions, we are opening or expanding an additional 1,451,131 acres to hunting and sport fishing within the National Wildlife Refuge System and the National Fish Hatchery System. These actions are the only changes to the administration of hunting and sport fishing opportunities on Service lands and waters.

Other Updates to the Regulations for NWRs

In this rulemaking, we standardize and clarify the language of existing regulations.

We update the existing nonstandard codification system of 50 CFR part 32, as well as 50 CFR 26.34, to the standard Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) paragraph designation system. Therefore, in addition to setting forth all of §§ 26.34 and 32.7 to bring them into conformity with the CFR's standard codification system, we also set forth every entry for our refuge-specific regulations in 50 CFR part 32 in this rule for reformatting.

Further, as part of a national effort to assess hunting and sport fishing on Service lands and waters, we reviewed over 7,200 station-specific regulations to, in part, identify unnecessary redundancy in existing Federal regulations that apply to all stations and relevant State hunting and fishing regulations. As a result of that review, we remove approximately 2,100 regulations that will have no impact on the administration of hunting and sport fishing within the National Wildlife Refuge System.

We also simplify over 2,900 refuge-specific regulations to comply with a Presidential mandate to adhere to plain language standards and to reduce the regulatory burden on the public. In this rule, the editorial revisions to use plain language in regulations do not modify the substance of the previous regulations. These types of changes include using “you” to refer to the reader and “we” to refer to the Refuge System, using the word “allow” instead of “permit” when we do not require the use of a permit for an activity, using consistent language to present requirements concerning hunters' ages for youth hunt opportunities, and using active voice (e.g., “We restrict entry into the refuge” vs. “Entry into the refuge is restricted”). Some of these changes also include adding clarifying language or Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approved form numbers for permits to comply with Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) and information collection requirements.

Another result of our review of our station-specific regulations is the identification of general public use regulations, for activities like camping and boating, in 50 CFR part 32 that are better placed elsewhere in our regulations. Therefore, we move those general public use regulations not exclusively pertaining to hunting and sport fishing activities from 50 CFR part 32 to 50 CFR 26.34. This reorganization does not establish any new regulations, nor does it make any changes to the enforcement of public use or hunting and sport fishing on Service lands.

In 50 CFR 26.34, we remove the provisions concerning the issuance of medical access waiver permits for Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge in Virginia. We make this change because, as the current regulations state, we have not issued any such waivers for more than 30 years, and we will not issue any in the future. Therefore, these provisions are obsolete and should be removed from the regulations.

Lastly, we make changes to 50 CFR part 36, the regulations concerning Alaska NWRs. Specifically, we remove the same-day airborne hunting prohibition set forth at 50 CFR 36.32(c)(1)(iv). This prohibition duplicates a State of Alaska law and regulation (Title 16 of the Alaska Statutes (AS) at chapter 5, section 783 (AS 16.05.783), and Title 5 of the Alaska Administrative Code (AAC) at chapter 92, section 85 (5 AAC 92.085)). Further, the State of Alaska's animal control programs may only be conducted on Alaska NWRs in accordance with a Federal special use permit issued by the Refuge Manager (50 CFR 36.32(e)). We also make editorial changes to these regulations for clarity and consistency.

Fish Advisory

For health reasons, anglers should review and follow State-issued consumption advisories before enjoying recreational sport fishing opportunities on Service-managed waters. You can find information about current fish-consumption advisories on the internet at: http://www.epa.gov/​fish-tech.

Required Determinations

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rulemaking is not significant.

Executive Order (E.O.) 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The Executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

Executive Order 13771—Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs

This rule is not an Executive Order (E.O.) 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 3, 2017) regulatory action because this rule is not significant under E.O. 12866.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act [SBREFA] of 1996) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), whenever a Federal agency is required to publish a notice of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare and make available for public comment a regulatory flexibility analysis that describes the effect of the rule on small entities (i.e., small businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions). However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of an agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Thus, for a regulatory flexibility analysis to be required, impacts must exceed a threshold for “significant impact” and a threshold for a “substantial number of small entities.” See 5 U.S.C. 605(b). SBREFA amended the Regulatory Flexibility Act to require Federal agencies to provide a statement of the factual basis for certifying that a rule will not have a significant economic Start Printed Page 47653impact on a substantial number of small entities.

This rule opens 7 NWRs and 15 NFHs to sport fishing and hunting and expands hunting or fishing activities on 67 additional NWRs. As a result, visitor use for wildlife-dependent recreation on these stations will change. If the stations establishing new programs were a pure addition to the current supply of those activities, it would mean an estimated increase of 18,258 user days (one person per day participating in a recreational opportunity; see Table 2). Because the participation trend is flat in these activities since 1991, this increase in supply will most likely be offset by other sites losing participants. Therefore, this is likely to be a substitute site for the activity and not necessarily an increase in participation rates for the activity.

Table 2—Estimated Change in Recreation Opportunities in 2019-2020

[Dollars in thousands]

StationAdditional hunting daysAdditional fishing daysAdditional expenditures
Bandon Marsh100$4.4
Bill Williams River150.6
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually31112.8
Bitter Lake33313.7
Bond Swamp241.0
Bosque del Apache36014.9
Boyer Chute32713.5
Buenos Aires451.9
Cedar Point301.3
Cherry Valley36516.0
Cibola40016.5
Clarks River602.5
Colusa47619.6
Crab Orchard1,09945.4
Craig Brook NFH36516.0
Crane Meadows30412.5
Cross Creeks110.5
Currituck
Cypress Creek37815.6
Deep Fork45018.6
Delevan71529.5
Desoto853.5
Edenton NFH30013.2
Entiat NFH
Grand Bay251.0
Great Bay642.6
Great River32013.2
Green Bay7525033.2
Hackmatack502.2
Hagerman5,400222.9
Harrison Lake NFH36516.0
Havasu2058.5
Hotchkiss NFH30013.2
Hutton Lake943.9
Imperial301.2
Inks Dam NFH
Iron River NFH1,14547.3
Key Cave1506.2
Kirwin1727.1
Kofa351.4
Laguna Atascosa
Las Vegas652.7
Leadville NFH
Leavenworth NFH
Little River65827.2
Little White Salmon NFH
Lower Rio Grande Valley
Marin Islands1,82580.2
Mashpee2259.3
Mattamuskeet1<0.1
McKay Creek853.5
Medicine Lake10,35060429.8
Middle Mississippi River40202.5
Minidoka12090044.5
Monomoy1656.8
Neal Smith2008.3
Nestucca Bay1004.4
Northern Tallgrass Prairie124507.3
Okefenokee1827.5
Orangeburg NFH30013.2
Start Printed Page 47654
Ottawa36516.0
Ozark Plateau52221.5
Parker River923.8
Patoka River150508.4
Patuxent
Piedmont100.4
Sacramento78332.3
Salt Plains30012.4
San Bernardino50.2
San Juan Islands
San Pablo Bay2008.3
Sand Lake492.0
Seedskadee602.5
Sequoyah1004.1
Silvio O. Conte
Southwest Native Aquatic Resources and Recovery Center
Spring Creek NFH
St. Marks
Stone Lakes1,82580.2
Sutter37815.6
Tamarac2008.3
Tishomingo50020.6
Tishomingo NFH
Trinity River923.8
Valentine883.6
Valley City NFH30013.2
Washita4,000165.1
Whittlesey Creek502.2
Wichita Mountains1,00041.3
Total14,5083,750763.5

To the extent visitors spend time and money in the area of the station that they would not have spent there anyway, they contribute new income to the regional economy and benefit local businesses. Due to the unavailability of site-specific expenditure data, we use the national estimates from the 2011 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife Associated Recreation to identify expenditures for food and lodging, transportation, and other incidental expenses. Using the average expenditures for these categories with the maximum expected additional participation of the Refuge System and the Hatchery System yields approximately $763,500 in recreation-related expenditures (see Table 2, above). By having ripple effects throughout the economy, these direct expenditures are only part of the economic impact of these recreational activities. Using a national impact multiplier for hunting activities (2.27) derived from the report “Hunting in America: An Economic Force for Conservation” and for fishing activities (2.40) derived from the report “Sportfishing in America” yields a total economic impact of approximately $1.8 million (2018 dollars) (Southwick Associates, Inc., 2012). Using a local impact multiplier would yield more accurate and smaller results. However, we employed the national impact multiplier due to the difficulty in developing local multipliers for each specific region.

Since we know that most of the fishing and hunting occurs within 100 miles of a participant's residence, then it is unlikely that most of this spending will be “new” money coming into a local economy; therefore, this spending will be offset with a decrease in some other sector of the local economy. The net gain to the local economies will be no more than $1.8 million, and most likely considerably less. Since 80 percent of the participants travel less than 100 miles to engage in hunting and fishing activities, their spending patterns will not add new money into the local economy and, therefore, the real impact will be on the order of about $351,000 annually.

Small businesses within the retail trade industry (such as hotels, gas stations, taxidermy shops, bait-and-tackle shops, and similar businesses) may be affected by some increased or decreased station visitation. A large percentage of these retail trade establishments in the local communities around NWRs and NFHs qualify as small businesses (see Table 3, below). We expect that the incremental recreational changes will be scattered, and so we do not expect that the rule will have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities in any region or nationally. As noted previously, we expect approximately $763,500 to be spent in total in the refuges' local economies. The maximum increase will be less than three-tenths of 1 percent for local retail trade spending (see Table 3, below).Start Printed Page 47655

Table 3—Comparative Expenditures for Retail Trade Associated With Additional Station Visitation for 2019-2020

[Thousands, 2018 dollars]

Station/county(ies)Retail trade in 2012Estimated maximum addition from new activitiesAddition as % of totalEstablishments in 2012Establishments with fewer than 10 employees in 2012
Bandon Marsh:
Coos, OR$815,690$4.4<0.01261106
Bill Williams River:
La Paz, AZ476,8070.3<0.018057
Mohave, AZ2,966,9290.3<0.01594245
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually:
Pierce, WA11,062,1186.4<0.012,1441,481
Thurston, WA3,642,9106.4<0.01769516
Bitter Lake:
Chaves, NM978,96713.7<0.01233153
Bond Swamp:
Bibb, GA2,840,8990.5<0.01803580
Twiggs, GA30,5500.5<0.011512
Bosque del Apache:
Socorro, NM131,02614.90.013931
Boyer Chute:
Washington, NE817,44913.5<0.015536
Cedar Point:
Lucas, OH6,538,0261.3<0.011,452965
Cherry Valley:
Monroe, PA2,340,9378.0<0.01633424
Northampton, PA3,967,2998.0<0.01879603
Cibola:
La Paz, AZ476,8078.3<0.018057
Imperial, CA1,833,9748.3<0.01448297
Clarks River:
Graves, KY441,5261.2<0.0112590
Marshall, KY429,0971.2<0.0110371
McCracken, KY1,792,0281.2<0.01415256
Colusa:
Colusa, CA139,86819.60.015945
Crab Orchard:
Jackson, IL1,102,80615.1<0.01227143
Union, IL182,76115.10.016447
Williamson, IL1,220,87815.1<0.01274185
Cross Creeks:
Stewart, TN94,7520.5<0.013728
Cypress Creek:
Alexander, IL26,4753.90.012320
Johnson, IL96,8903.9<0.012818
Pulaski, IL38,2403.90.011815
Union, IL182,7613.9<0.016447
Deep Fork:
Okmulgee,OK372,98218.6<0.0112697
Delevan:
Colusa, CA139,86829.50.025945
Desoto:
Harrison, IA215,7021.2<0.015336
Pottawatamie, IA1,922,2351.2<0.01311194
Washington, NE817,4491.2<0.015536
Edenton NFH:
Chowan, NC130,34413.20.015844
Grand Bay:
Mobile, AL5,580,6760.5<0.011,4651,005
Jackson, MS1,334,8450.5<0.01425326
Great Bay:
Rockingham, NH7,398,3812.6<0.011,5961,106
Great River:
Pike, IL208,8514.4<0.016445
Clark, MO110,7584.4<0.013228
Shelby, MO64,4624.40.013525
Green Bay:
Door, WI452,93133.20.01260225
Hackmatack:
McHenry, IL4,007,7091.1<0.01940629
Walworth, WI1,350,1171.1<0.01359264
Start Printed Page 47656
Hagerman:
Montague, TX210,612222.90.116956
Harrison Lake NFH:
Charles City, VA16,07516.00.10109
Havasu:
Mohave, AZ2,966,9294.2<0.01594394
San Bernardino, CA26,664,9424.2<0.014,7693,123
Hotchkiss NFH:
Delta, CO338,82913.2<0.0111793
Hutton Lake:
Albany, WY524,4883.9<0.01141103
Imperial:
Imperial, CA1,833,9740.6<0.01448297
La Paz, AZ476,8070.6<0.018057
Iron River NFH:
Bayfield, WI92,47047.30.056957
Key Cave:
Lauderdale, AL1,302,3666.2<0.01420302
Kirwin:
Phillips, KS56,2977.10.013527
Kofa:
La Paz, AZ476,8070.7<0.018057
Yuma, AZ2,182,9970.7<0.01452302
Las Vegas:
San Miguel, NM241,6272.7<0.018252
Little River:
McCurtain, OK301,00327.20.0110181
Marin Islands:
Marin, CA5,564,22880.2<0.011,050762
Mashpee:
Barnstable, MA4,218,3389.3<0.011,5071,160
Mattamuskeet:
Hyde, NC33,265<0.1<0.013835
McKay Creek:
Umatilla, OR877,9783.5<0.01224155
Medicine Lake:
Roosevelt, MT174,121214.90.124124
Sheridan, MT66,779214.90.322718
Middle Mississippi River:
Monroe, IL1,816,9990.8<0.019772
Randolph, IL408,3380.8<0.0110262
Jefferson, MO2,135,5400.8<0.01482324
Minidoka:
Blaine, ID326,57311.1<0.01185153
Cassia, ID354,24011.1<0.0111789
Minidoka, ID172,74411.10.016247
Power, ID32,40411.10.031813
Monomoy:
Barnstable, MA4,218,3386.8<0.011,5071,160
Neal Smith:
Jasper, IA388,6588.3<0.0110874
Nestucca Bay:
Tillamook, OR272,1914.4<0.0111594
Northern Tallgrass Prairie:
Dickinson, IA320,3170.5<0.0111185
Jasper, IA388,6580.5<0.0110874
Kossuth, IA269,9450.5<0.019369
O'Brien, IA223,6410.5<0.0110071
Clay, MN727,3920.5<0.0116997
Kandiyohi, MN728,8280.5<0.01225154
Kittson, MN140,4720.5<0.013021
Lincoln, MN73,2190.5<0.013829
Murray, MN51,1370.5<0.014334
Norman, MN51,3960.5<0.013020
Otter Tail, MN849,2390.5<0.01261201
Pope, MN151,4790.5<0.014132
Start Printed Page 47657
Rock, MN113,7370.5<0.014231
Stevens, MN229,7380.5<0.015032
Okefenokee:
Clinch, GA48,8752.50.012117
Charlton, GA64,3162.5<0.013227
Ware, GA686,1932.5<0.01206147
Orangeburg NFH:
Orangeburg, SC1,111,89613.2<0.01376267
Ottawa:
Lucas, OH6,538,0268.0<0.011,452965
Ottawa, OH467,7628.0<0.01142109
Ozark Plateau:
Adair, OK134,9097.20.015742
Cherokee, OK427,1957.2<0.01146110
Delaware, OK403,7577.2<0.01140111
Parker River:
Essex, MA10,978,4473.8<0.012,5981,875
Patoka River:
Gibson, IN609,8144.2<0.0112284
Pike, IN79,3294.20.013123
Piedmont:
Jasper, GA52,1130.2<0.012418
Jones, GA106,0340.2<0.015040
Sacramento:
Colusa, CA139,86816.20.015945
Glenn, CA209,14016.20.017358
Salt Plains:
Alfalfa, OK62,49312.40.022419
San Bernardino:
Cochise, AZ1,386,0090.2<0.01414301
San Pablo Bay:
Marin, CA5,564,2282.8<0.011,050762
Solano, CA5,585,1192.8<0.011,066682
Sonoma, CA6,580,0622.8<0.011,7661,274
Sand Lake:
Brown, SD885,3252.0<0.01201136
Seedskadee:
Sweetwater, WY1,007,7822.5<0.01197145
Sequoyah:
Haskell, OK156,3132.1<0.013322
Muskogee, OK1,014,8802.1<0.01258178
Stone Lakes:
Sacramento, CA16,654,07980.2<0.013,5122,361
Sutter:
Sutter, CA1,169,70015.6<0.01287201
Tamarac:
Becker, MN502,7438.3<0.0113592
Tishomingo:
Johnston, OK66,80010.30.023531
Marshall, OK174,82110.30.015342
Trinity River:
Liberty, TX871,2943.8<0.01198142
Valentine:
Cherry, NE95,5063.6<0.013827
Valley City NFH:
Barnes, ND133,13613.20.014729
Washita:
Custer, OK580,592165.10.03148102
Whittlesey Creek:
Bayfield, WI92,4702.2<0.016957
Wichita Mountains:
Comanche, OK1,539,70541.3<0.01409285
Start Printed Page 47658

With the small change in overall spending anticipated from this rule, it is unlikely that a substantial number of small entities will have more than a small impact from the spending change near the affected stations. Therefore, we certify that this rule will not have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities as defined under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). A regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. Accordingly, a small entity compliance guide is not required.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. We anticipate no significant employment or small business effects. This rule:

a. Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. The minimal impact will be scattered across the country and will most likely not be significant in any local area.

b. Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers; individual industries; Federal, State, or local government agencies; or geographic regions. This rule will have only a slight effect on the costs of hunting opportunities for Americans. If the substitute sites are farther from the participants' residences, then an increase in travel costs will occur. The Service does not have information to quantify this change in travel cost but assumes that, since most people travel less than 100 miles to hunt, the increased travel cost will be small. We do not expect this rule to affect the supply or demand for hunting opportunities in the United States, and, therefore, it should not affect prices for hunting equipment and supplies, or the retailers that sell equipment.

c. Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises. This rule represents only a small proportion of recreational spending at NWRs. Therefore, this rule will have no measurable economic effect on the wildlife-dependent industry, which has annual sales of equipment and travel expenditures of $72 billion nationwide.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

Since this rule applies to public use of federally owned and managed refuges, it will not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector of more than $100 million per year. The rule will not have a significant or unique effect on State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.

Takings (E.O. 12630)

In accordance with E.O. 12630, this rule will not have significant takings implications. This rule affects only visitors at NWRs and NFHs, and describes what they can do while they are on a Service station.

Federalism (E.O. 13132)

As discussed under Regulatory Planning and Review and Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, above, this rule will not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement under E.O. 13132. In preparing this rule, we worked with State governments.

Civil Justice Reform (E.O. 12988)

In accordance with E.O. 12988, the Department of the Interior has determined that this rule does not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of the Order.

Energy Supply, Distribution or Use (E.O. 13211)

On May 18, 2001, the President issued E.O. 13211 on regulations that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, and use. E.O. 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. Because this rule adds 7 NWRs to the list of refuges open to hunting and sport fishing, opens or expands hunting or sport fishing at 67 other NWRs, and opens 15 NFHs to hunting and/or sport fishing, it is not a significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866, and we do not expect it to significantly affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action, and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments (E.O. 13175)

In accordance with E.O. 13175, we have evaluated possible effects on federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects. We coordinate recreational use on NWRs and NFHs with Tribal governments having adjoining or overlapping jurisdiction before we propose the regulations.

Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

This final rule contains a collection of information that we have submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection requirements associated with hunting and sport fishing activities across the National Wildlife Refuge System and assigned the following OMB control numbers:

  • 1018-0140, “Hunting and Sport Fishing Application Forms and Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41, 25.43, 25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72” (Expires 07/30/2021),
  • 1018-0153, “National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Check-In Permit and Use Report” (Expires 04/30/2022),
  • 1018-0102, “National Wildlife Refuge Special Use Permit Applications and Reports, 50 CFR 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, & 36” (Expires 08/31/2020),
  • 1018-0135, “Electronic Federal Duck Stamp Program” (Expires 01/31/2020),
  • 1018-0093, “Federal Fish and Wildlife Permit Applications and Reports—Management Authority; 50 CFR 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23” (Expires 08/31/2020), and
  • 1024-0252, “The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass Application Processes” (Expires 08/31/2020).

This final rule authorizes DOI to collect the following information associated with hunting and sport fishing activities across the National Wildlife Refuge System:

(1) Labeling/Marking Requirements—As a condition of the permit, some refuges require permittees to label hunting and fishing gear left overnight. This equipment may include items such as the following: Tree stands, blinds, or game cameras; hunting dogs (collars); flagging/trail markers; boats; and/or fishing equipment such as jugs, trotlines, and crawfish or crab traps. Refuges require the owner label their equipment with their last name, the state issued hunting/fishing license number, and/or hunting/fishing permit number. Refuges may also require equipment for youth hunters include “YOUTH” on the label. This minimal information is necessary in the event the refuge needs to contact the owner.

(2) Notifications—On occasion, hunters may find their game has landed Start Printed Page 47659outside of established hunting boundaries. In this situation, hunters must notify an authorized refuge employee to obtain consent to retrieve the game from an area closed to hunting or entry only upon specific consent. Certain refuges also require hunters to notify the refuge manager when hunting specific species (e.g., black bear, bobcat, or eastern coyote) with trailing dogs. Refuges may also require advance notification by disabled hunters requesting special accommodations on the refuge.

(3) Transfer of FWS Form 3-2405—OMB approval of FWS Form 3-2405 was under OMB Control No. 1018-0153. OMB approved the transfer of the form into OMB Control No. 1018-0140 so all forms associated with hunting and/or sport fishing activities in use by the National Wildlife Refuge System are contained under the same information collection. We will discontinue OMB Control No. 1018-0153 on the effective date of this final rule for 1018-BD79.

(4) OMB approved FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System, to replace existing FWS Forms 3-2354 through 3-2357. This streamlines the application process and reduces the regulatory burden on the public.

Title of Collection: Hunting and Fishing Application Forms and Activity Reports for National Wildlife Refuges, 50 CFR 25.41, 25.43, 25.51, 26.32, 26.33, 27.42, 30.11, 31.15, 32.1 to 32.72.

OMB Control Number: 1018-0140.

Form Number: FWS Forms 3-2405, 3-2439, and 3-2358 through 3-2362.

Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved collection.

Respondents/Affected Public: Individuals and households.

Respondent's Obligation: Required to Obtain or Retain a Benefit.

Frequency of Collection: On occasion.

Total Estimated Annual Nonhour Burden Cost: $84,000.

ActivityAnnual number of responsesCompletion time per responseTotal annual burden hours
Hunting and Fishing Permit Applications:
Form 3-2439 Hunt Application/Permit348,68910 minutes58,115
Form 3-2358 Fish/Crab/Shrimp Application/Permit2,4725 minutes206
Subtotal Applications:351,16158,321
Harvest Activity Reports:
Form 3-2359 Big Game Harvest Report91,87915 minutes22,970
Form 3-2360 Fishing Harvest Report421,11215 minutes105,278
Form 3-2361 Migratory Bird Harvest Report32,82115 minutes8,205
Form 3-2362 Upland Game Furbearer Harvest Report25,02415 minutes6,256
Subtotal Activity Reports:570,836142,709
New Information Collections Added to Collection:
Labeling/Marking Requirements2,16010 minutes360
Notifications38430 minutes192
Form 3-2405 Check-In/Out Permit (from 1018-0153)650,0005 minutes54,167
Subtotal Other Requirements:652,54454,719
Totals:1,574,541255,749

On June 26, 2019, we published a proposed rule (84 FR 30314) that solicited comments on the new/revised information collection requirements described in this supporting statement for a period of 30 days, ending July 26, 2019. We received no comments concerning the information collection in response to the proposed rule. Additional comments are being solicited through publication of this final rule.

As part of our continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burdens, we invite the public and other Federal agencies to comment on any aspect of this information collection, including:

(1) Whether or not the collection of information is necessary, including whether or not the information will have practical utility;

(2) The accuracy of our estimate of the burden for this collection of information;

(3) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and

(4) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents.

Send your comments and suggestions on this information collection to the Desk Officer for the Department of the Interior at OMB-OIRA at (202) 395-5806 (fax) or OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov (email). You may view the information collection at http://www.reginfo.gov/​public/​do/​PRAMain. Please provide a copy of your comments to the Service Information Collection Clearance Officer, Madonna Baucum, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: PRB/PERMA (JAO-1N), Falls Church, VA 22041-3803 (mail); (703) 358-2503 (telephone); or Info_Coll@fws.gov (email). Please reference OMB Control Number 1018-0140 in the subject line of your comments.

Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation

We comply with section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), when developing comprehensive conservation plans and step-down management plans—which include hunting and/or fishing plans—for public use of refuges and hatcheries, and prior to implementing any new or revised public recreation program on a station as identified in 50 CFR 26.32. We have completed section 7 consultation on each of the affected stations.

National Environmental Policy Act

We analyzed this rule in accordance with the criteria of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4332(C)), 43 CFR part 46, and 516 Departmental Manual (DM) 8.

A categorical exclusion from NEPA documentation applies to publication of Start Printed Page 47660amendments to station-specific hunting and fishing regulations because they are technical and procedural in nature, and the environmental effects are too broad, speculative, or conjectural to lend themselves to meaningful analysis (43 CFR 46.210 and 516 DM 8). Concerning the actions that are the subject of this rulemaking, we have complied with NEPA at the project level when developing each proposal. This is consistent with the Department of the Interior instructions for compliance with NEPA where actions are covered sufficiently by an earlier environmental document (43 CFR 46.120).

Prior to the addition of a refuge or hatchery to the list of areas open to hunting and fishing in 50 CFR parts 32 and 71, we develop hunting and fishing plans for the affected stations. We incorporate these proposed station hunting and fishing activities in the station comprehensive conservation plan and/or other step-down management plans, pursuant to our refuge planning guidance in 602 Fish and Wildlife Service Manual (FW) 1, 3, and 4. We prepare these comprehensive conservation plans and step-down plans in compliance with section 102(2)(C) of NEPA, the Council on Environmental Quality's regulations for implementing NEPA in 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508, and the Department of Interior's NEPA regulations 43 CFR part 46. We invite the affected public to participate in the review, development, and implementation of these plans. Copies of all plans and NEPA compliance are available from the stations at the addresses provided below.

Available Information for Specific Stations

Individual refuge and hatchery headquarters have information about public use programs and conditions that apply to their specific programs and maps of their respective areas. To find out how to contact a specific refuge or hatchery, contact the appropriate Service office for the States listed below:

Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Eastside Federal Complex, Suite 1692, 911 NE 11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232-4181; Telephone (503) 231-6214.

Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, P.O. Box 1306, 500 Gold Avenue SW, Albuquerque, NM 87103; Telephone (505) 248-6937.

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5600 American Blvd. West, Suite 990, Bloomington, MN 55437-1458; Telephone (612) 713-5360.

Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1875 Century Boulevard, Atlanta, GA 30345; Telephone (404) 679-7166.

Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Westgate Center Drive, Hadley, MA 01035-9589; Telephone (413) 253-8307.

Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 134 Union Blvd., Lakewood, CO 80228; Telephone (303) 236-8145.

Alaska. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503; Telephone (907) 786-3545.

California and Nevada. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2606, Sacramento, CA 95825; Telephone (916) 414-6464.

Primary Author

Katherine Harrigan, Division of Natural Resources and Conservation Planning, National Wildlife Refuge System, is the primary author of this rulemaking document.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

50 CFR Part 26

  • Recreation and recreation areas
  • Wildlife refuges

50 CFR Part 32

  • Fishing
  • Hunting
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Wildlife
  • Wildlife refuges

50 CFR Part 36

  • Alaska
  • Recreation and recreation areas
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Wildlife refuges

50 CFR Part 71

  • Fish
  • Fishing
  • Hunting
  • Wildlife
End List of Subjects

Regulation Promulgation

For the reasons set forth in the preamble, we amend title 50, chapter I, subchapters C and E of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:

Subchapter C—The National Wildlife Refuge System

Start Part

PART 26—PUBLIC ENTRY AND USE

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 26 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and 715i; Pub. L. 96-315 (94 Stat. 958) and Pub. L. 98-146 (97 Stat. 955).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Revise § 26.34 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
What are the special regulations concerning public access, use, and recreation for individual national wildlife refuges?

The following refuge units, listed in alphabetical order by State and unit name, have refuge-specific regulations for public access, use, and recreation.

(a) Alabama—(1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on Gator and Little Gator Lakes.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of motorized watercraft in all refuge waters not directly connected to Lake Eufaula.

(ii) We prohibit the use of all air-thrust boats, including airboats, aircraft, boats with secondary fans, and hovercraft.

(iii) We prohibit the use of personal watercraft or air-cooled propulsion engines outside of marked navigation channels.

(iv) We prohibit the mooring or storing of boats from 11/2 hours after legal sunset to 11/2 hours before legal sunrise.

(3) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit mooring or storing of boats from legal sunset to legal sunrise.

(ii) We prohibit airboats and hovercraft on all waters within the refuge boundaries.

(iii) We prohibit inboard waterthrust boats such as, but not limited to, personal watercraft, watercycles, and waterbikes on all waters of the refuge except that portion of the Tennessee River and Flint Creek from its mouth to mile marker 3.

(b) Arizona—(1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC as governed by State law), air thrust boats, and hovercraft on all waters within the boundaries of the refuge.

(ii) We designate all refuge waters as wakeless speed zones (as governed by State law) as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.Start Printed Page 47661

(iii) The nonmotorized watercraft launch and Central Arizona Project (CAP) peninsula are day-use only areas and are open from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset. We allow fishing and the launching of watercraft at these and other areas 24 hours a day.

(iv) We prohibit the possession or consumption of open containers of alcohol or the possession of glass beverage containers in improved areas, including the nonmotorized watercraft launch and the CAP peninsula.

(2) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of all air-thrust boats, including floating aircraft.

(ii) The following conditions apply only on Topock Marsh:

(A) We close designated portions to all entry from October 1 through the last day of the waterfowl hunt season (including the State junior waterfowl hunt).

(B) We close designated portions to all entry from April 1 through August 31. These areas are indicated in refuge brochures and identified by buoys and or signs.

(C) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State law).

(iii) The following conditions apply to all waters of the Colorado River within the refuge from the south regulatory buoy line to the north regulatory buoy line at Interstate 40 (approximately 17 miles (27.2 kilometers)):

(A) We prohibit personal watercraft (PWC, as governed by State law) as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys in all backwaters.

(B) We limit watercraft speed as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys to no wake (as governed by State law) in all backwaters.

(C) We prohibit water-skiing, tubing, wake boarding, or other recreational-towed devices.

(iv) The following conditions apply to improved areas within the refuge; improved areas consist of the Mesquite Bay areas, Castle Rock, the Diving Cliffs, Catfish Paradise, Five Mile Landing, and North Dike:

(A) We prohibit entry of all motorized watercraft in all three bays of the Mesquite Bay areas as indicated by signs or regulatory buoys.

(B) Improved areas are day-use only and are open from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset. We allow fishing and launching watercraft at these and other areas 24 hours a day.

(C) We prohibit the possession of open containers of alcohol or the possession of glass beverage containers in improved areas.

(c) Arkansas—(1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit mooring houseboats to the refuge bank on the Little Red River.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats from November 1 through February 28, except on that portion of the refuge open for public fishing with electric motors and Ditch 28.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the mooring of houseboats to refuge property.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only in designated sites and areas identified in the refuge user brochure (signed brochure), and we restrict camping to individuals involved in wildlife-dependent activities. We limit camping on the refuge to no more than 14 days during any 30 consecutive-day period. Campers must occupy camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances, including use of generators, after 10 p.m.

(ii) We allow refuge users to leave boats 16 feet (4.8 meters) or less in length unattended overnight from March 1 to October 31, as long as the owner clearly and prominently displays his or her boat registration number.

(5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt brochure, and we restrict camping to individuals involved in wildlife-dependent refuge activities.

(ii) Campers may stay no more than 14 days during any 30 consecutive-day period in any campground and must occupy camps daily.

(iii) We prohibit all disturbances, including use of generators, after 10 p.m.

(6) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit all boat motors (including surface drive motors, mud motors, etc.) larger than 25 horsepower.

(ii) [Reserved]

(7) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow camping only at designated primitive campground sites identified in the refuge hunt brochure. We restrict camping to the individuals involved in refuge wildlife-dependent activities. Campers may stay no more than 14 days during any consecutive 30-day period in a campground and must occupy the camps daily. We prohibit all disturbances, including use of generators, after 10 p.m.

(ii) You must unload all hunting firearms and crossbows (see § 27.42(b) of this chapter) within 100 yards (90 meters) of a campground.

(iii) We prohibit camping on the refuge while hunting off the refuge.

(iv) We prohibit consumption or possession of opened container(s) of alcoholic beverage(s) in parking lots, on roadways, and in plain view in campgrounds.

(v) We prohibit fires outside of campgrounds.

(vi) We prohibit possession or use of fireworks.

(vii) We prohibit geocaching.

(d) California—(1) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/overnight stay areas.

(ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).

(iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated parking areas and vehicle access roads.

(2) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/overnight stay areas.

(ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).

(iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated parking areas and vehicle access roads.

(3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats.

(ii) You may use only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on designated motorless units from the start of the hunting season through November 30. You may use motorized boats on designated motorless units from December 1 through the end of hunting season.

(4) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/overnight stay areas.

(ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).

(iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated parking areas and vehicle access roads.

(5) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit fires on the refuge, except we allow portable gas stoves on gravel bars (see § 27.95(a) of this chapter).

(ii) We open the refuge for day-use access from 2 hours before legal sunrise until 11/2 hours after legal sunset. We Start Printed Page 47662allow access during other hours on gravel bars only.

(iii) On Packer Lake and Drumheller North, due to primitive access, we only allow boats up to 14 feet (4.2 meters) and canoes. Electric motors only.

(6) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit launching of boats and access to the Bay or sloughs from refuge property except from designated boat launch sites (Cullinan Ranch Unit and Dickson Ranch Unit).

(ii) We allow only nonmotorized crafts at the Cullinan Ranch Unit and Dickson Ranch Unit launch sites.

(7) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge. (i) No person may build or maintain fires, except in portable gas stoves in designated parking/overnight stay areas.

(ii) We only allow overnight stays in vehicles, motor homes, and trailers at the check station parking areas on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays (closed on Federal holidays).

(iii) You must restrain dogs on a leash within all designated parking areas and vehicle access roads.

(e)-(f) [Reserved]

(g) Delaware—(1) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The maximum horsepower allowed for boat motors is 30 horsepower. You must abide by the slow, no-wake zones on designated portions of refuge waterways as depicted in maps or within the brochure.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) [Reserved]

(h) Florida—(1) Arthur R. Marshal Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow only boats equipped with factory-manufactured-water-cooled outboard motors, boats with electric motors, and nonmotorized boats. We prohibit boats with air-cooled engines, airboats, fan boats, hovercraft, and personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis, jet boats, wave runners).

(ii) There is a 35 miles per hour (mph) speed limit in all waters of the refuge. A 500-foot (150-meter) “idle speed zone” is at each of the refuge's three boat ramps.

(iii) We require all boats operating outside of the main perimeter canals (the L-40 Canal, L-39 Canal, L-7 Canal, and L-101 Canal) in interior areas of the refuge and within the hunt area to fly a 12-inch by 12-inch (30-centimeters (cm) by 30-cm) orange flag 10 feet (3 meters) above the vessel's waterline.

(2) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow airboats only on the designated airboat route within Citrus County and on all navigable waterways within Hernando County with a refuge Special Use Permit (General Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

(ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on vegetation.

(3) J.N. “Ding” Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit kite surfing, kite boarding, wind surfing, and sail boarding.

(ii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling, or floating in the posted “no-motor zone” of the J.N. “Ding” Darling Wilderness Area. All motors, including electric motors, must be in a nonuse position (out of the water) when in the “no-motor zone.”

(iii) We allow vessels propelled only by polling, paddling, floating, or electric motors in the posted “pole/troll zone” of the Wulfert Flats Management Area. All non-electric motors must be in a nonuse position (out of the water) when in the “pole/troll zone.”

(iv) We allow launching of canoes and kayaks anywhere on the right (north) side of Wildlife Drive. We prohibit launching motorized vessels over 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length from Wildlife Drive. Motorized vessels less than 14 feet (4.2 meters) in length may only be launched from designated site #2.

(v) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, personal watercraft, and “Go-Devil”-style outboard motors.

(vi) Vessels must not exceed slow speed/minimum wake in refuge waters.

(4) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (i) During hunting seasons, we close hunting areas on the refuge to all public use except to hunters possessing a valid permit. Hunting areas are marked on refuge maps.

(ii) We close the refuge between legal sunset and legal sunrise.

(iii) We prohibit the use of airboats on the refuge.

(5) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving boats on the refuge overnight.

(ii) [Reserved]

(6) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit use of boats with motors over 10 horsepower on any refuge lake or pond.

(ii) We allow use of hand-launched boats on impoundments on the St. Marks Unit from March 15 through October 15 each year. We prohibit launching of boats from trailers in the impoundments in the St. Marks Unit. We prohibit all gasoline-powered motors in the impoundments in the St. Marks Unit.

(iii) You may not launch commercially registered boats, air-thrust boats, or personal watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St. Marks Unit. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching any type of watercraft at the saltwater boat ramp on the St. Marks Unit.

(iv) You may not launch air-thrust boats or personal watercraft from Wakulla Beach. We also prohibit commercial guides from launching any type of watercraft from Wakulla Beach.

(7) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict camping and fires (see § 27.95(a) of this chapter) to the two designated camping areas. We may restrict or ban fires during dry periods.

(ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages during the refuge hunt period (see § 32.2(j) of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit motorized equipment, generators, or land vehicles (except bicycles).

(iv) Visitors must observe quiet time in the campground between 9 p.m. and 5 a.m. We prohibit loud or boisterous behavior or activity.

(v) We allow boats with electric motors. You must remove all other motors from the boats and secure them to a designated motor rack with a lock and chain.

(vi) We allow boats in refuge lakes from May 15 through September 30.

(8) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-thrust boats, hovercraft, personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis, jet boats, wave runners), and off-road vehicles in the freshwater and brackish marsh area south of U.S. 41.

(ii) We limit vessels to a maximum of 25 horsepower outboard motor.

(i) Georgia—(1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit swimming, wading, jet skiing, water skiing, and the use of airboats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(iii) We allow boat launching at the Stone Creek Boat Launch. During periods of high water, we allow boats to be launched from refuge roads normally open to vehicle traffic. We allow gasoline motors only during periods of high water as defined as a reading of 18 feet (5.5 meters) or higher at the Macon Gauge on the Ocmulgee River.

(iv) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We restrict bicycles to roads designated open to vehicles.

(3) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow foot and bicycle traffic on the refuge portion of Cowhouse Island.

(ii) We only allow the use of 10 horsepower motors or less on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit paddleboarding, air boats, swimming, and wading.Start Printed Page 47663

(iv) We require all boats to be off the water by posted time.

(4) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The refuge is a day-use-only area, with the exception of legal hunting activities.

(ii) We prohibit bicycles on foot travel roads or off road. We restrict bicycles to gravel roads designated open to vehicles.

(iii) We prohibit overnight camping and/or parking except in the designated campgrounds at Pippins Lake during quota deer hunts with a valid permit (state-issued).

(iv) We allow alcoholic beverages only in the designated campground.

(j) [Reserved]

(k) Idaho—(1) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) From April 15 through September 30, we allow motorized and nonmotorized boats from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset throughout the Lake Lowell Unit.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow nonmotorized boats on the refuge.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of float tubes year-round, throughout all of Lake Walcott.

(ii) We allow boats on designated areas of Lake Walcott from April 1 through October 31.

(l) Illinois—(1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. (i) Motorboats must not exceed “no-wake” speeds.

(ii) We prohibit the public entering Weis Lake on the Cameron-Billsbach Unit of the refuge from October 16 through January 31.

(iii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict motorboats on all refuge waters to slow speeds leaving “no wake” within 150 feet (45 meters) of any shoreline, swimming area, marina entrance, boat ramp, causeway tunnel, and areas indicated on the lake zoning map in the refuge fishing brochure.

(ii) We prohibit the use of boat motors of more than 10 horsepower on Devils Kitchen and Little Grassy Lakes.

(iii) We prohibit the use of gas-powered motors in the southeastern section of Devils Kitchen Lake (consult lake zoning map in the refuge fishing brochure).

(3) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of motorized boats at no-wake speeds on all refuge waters.

(ii) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight.

(4) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight.

(ii) Motorboats must not exceed “no-wake” speeds.

(5) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We close the following divisions to all public access:

(A) Louisa Division—September 15 until January 1;

(B) Horseshoe Bend Division—September 15 until December 1; and

(C) Keithsburg Division—September 15 until January 1.

(ii) [Reserved]

(6) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.

(m) Indiana—(1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boats only if rowed, paddled, or powered by an electric trolling motor on the Old Timbers Lake.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of boats (hand- or foot-propelled only) on Stanfield Lake. We prohibit the use of electric or gasoline motors.

(ii) We allow the use of kayaks and nonmotorized canoes on Richart Lake.

(3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area. (i) We allow motorboats only on Snakey Point Marsh east of the South Fork River and the Patoka River. All other areas are open to either manual-powered boats or boats with battery-driven motors only.

(ii) Motorboats must not exceed “no wake” speeds.

(iii) We prohibit the use of powered airboats on the refuge.

(n) Iowa—(1) Desoto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boating to “no-wake” speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.

(o) Kansas—(1) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow motorized boating in the main body of Kirwin Reservoir and in Bow Creek. You must not create a wake in Bow Creek or within 100 yards (90 meters) of any shoreline or island in the main body of Kirwin Reservoir. We prohibit motorized boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin Reservoir.

(ii) We allow motorless boats in the Solomon Arm of Kirwin Reservoir from August 1 through September 30.

(2) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict outboard motor use to the westernmost 5.5 miles (8.8 kilometers) of the Marais des Cygnes River. You may use only nonmotorized boats and electric trolling motors on remaining waters in designated areas of the refuge.

(ii) [Reserved]

(p) Kentucky—(1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow horseback riding on refuge roads and portions of the abandoned railroad tracks owned by the refuge for access purposes while engaged in wildlife activities. We prohibit horses and mules off these secondary access routes for any reason.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) [Reserved]

(q) Louisiana—(1) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The refuge is open from 30 minutes before legal sunrise to 30 minutes after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow only outboard motors 25 horsepower or less in waterways inside the hurricane protection levee.

(2) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may use motorized boats only in existing canals, ditches, trenasses, and ponds. We prohibit motorized boat use in areas marked as nonmotorized use only.

(ii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset unless stated otherwise.

(iii) We open the Franklin Unit canals (birdfoot canals) for motorized boats between April 15 and August 31. This unit is open to nonmotorized boats all year.

(3) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-thrust boats, aircraft, mud boats, and air-cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.

(ii) We open the refuge to public entry from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(4) Black Bayou National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may enter the refuge 1/2 hour before legal sunrise, and you must exit no later than 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) You may only launch boats at the concrete ramp adjacent to the visitor center. We prohibit launching boats with motors greater than 50 horsepower.

(iii) We prohibit leaving boats or other equipment on the refuge overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We require a boat launch fee. You must pay the launch fee before launching boat.

(v) We prohibit crossing the water hyacinth booms in a boat or traveling over idle speed within the booms.

(5) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow primitive camping within 100 feet (30 meters) of designated streams. These include either bank of the Boque Chitto River, Wilson Slough, and West Pearl River Start Printed Page 47664south of Wilson Slough; refuge lands along the East Pearl River; and Holmes Bayou. Campers must mark their campsite with the owner's State license/identification number, or boat identification number, and dates of occupancy placed in a conspicuous location in the center of camp.

(ii) [Reserved]

(6) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(ii) We allow only nonpowered boats in the Bank Fishing Road waterways.

(iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in refuge canals, bayous, and lakes. We allow only trolling motors in the marsh.

(7) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats or boats with motors of 10 horsepower or less on refuge lakes and waters as designated. We prohibit the use of air-thrust boats, water-thrust boats, or personal watercraft.

(ii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.

(8) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit air-thrust boats on the refuge.

(iv) We prohibit boat launching by trailer from all refuge roads and parking lots except at designated boat ramps.

(9) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit motorized boats in the No Gun Hunting Area (the “Beanfield”) from November 1 through January 31.

(ii) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the refuge overnight.

(10) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.

(iii) We allow only electric-powered or nonmotorized boats.

(11) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(ii) We allow boats of all motor types with 40 horsepower or less in Lacassine Pool.

(iii) We prohibit boats in Lacassine Pool and Unit D from October 16 through March 14. We prohibit boats in Units A and C.

(iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and Jet Skis on the refuge (see § 27.31(f) of this chapter).

(v) We prohibit dragging or driving of boats over levees.

(vi) You must only launch trailered boats at the cement ramps at the public boat launches in Lacassine Pool.

(vii) We only allow boats powered by paddling or trolling motors in the Unit D impoundment within Lacassine Pool.

(12) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow watercraft with motors up to 36 horsepower in Possum Bayou (north of boat ramp), Palmetto Bayou, Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, Point Basse, and Nicholas Lake.

(ii) We allow electric-powered or nonmotorized boats in Doomes Lake, Lake Long, Possum Bayou (south of boat ramp), and Lake Ophelia.

(iii) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(iv) We prohibit overnight parking on the refuge.

(13) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow air-cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit air-thrust boats or marsh buggies on the refuge. We restrict motorized boat use to existing canals, ditches, trenasses, and ponds.

(14) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You may access the hunt areas by boat using the boat launches at the West Cove Public Use Area or by access through Burton Canal. You may access hunt areas by vehicle from Vastar Road or designated turnouts within the refuge public hunt area along State Highway 27 (see § 27.31 of this chapter) unless otherwise posted.

(ii) We allow hand launching of small boats along Vastar Road (no trailers allowed). We allow hand launching of nonmotorized boats into Units 1A and 1B from Blue Crab Recreation Area for recreational paddling year-round.

(iii) We allow operation of outboard motors in designated refuge canals only. We allow trolling motors within the refuge marshes.

(iv) We prohibit air-thrust boats, personal motorized watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis), and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge (see § 27.31(f) of this chapter) unless otherwise posted.

(v) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(vi) We prohibit swimming and/or wading in the refuge canals and waterways.

(15) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow nonmotorized boats, electric motors, and boats with motors 10 horsepower or less in refuge lakes, streams, and bayous. Boaters must follow State boating regulations, including those for navigation lights. We prohibit boat storage on the refuge.

(ii) We allow use of nonmotorized bicycles on designated all-terrain vehicle (ATV) trails.

(16) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit outboard motors in the Wigeon Ponds (only trolling motors allowed).

(ii) We prohibit launching boats from a trailer or from a nondesignated boat ramp within the Mollicy levee.

(r) Maine—(1) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow car-top launching from legal sunrise to legal sunset on the following areas of the refuge:

(A) At Brave Boat Harbor division on Chauncey Creek at the intersection of Cutts Island Road and Sea Point Road.

(B) At Little River division at the end of Granite Point Road into the Little River.

(C) At Spurwink River division on the upstream side of Route 77 at the old road crossing.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) [Reserved]

(s) Maryland—(1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat launching from refuge lands except from the car-top boat launch located near the Blackwater River Bridge on Route 335. Only canoes, kayaks, and small jon boats under 17 feet are considered car-top boats.

(ii) We prohibit the use of airboats on refuge waters.

(2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat launching from refuge lands except for canoes and kayaks at the canoe/kayak ramp located at the Ingleside Recreation Area.

(ii) [Reserved]

(t)-(u) [Reserved]

(v) Minnesota—(1) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow nonmotorized boats and boats using electric motors only in the Minnesota River channel. We prohibit boats on all other refuge waters.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge—(i) Wildlife observation, photography, interpretation, environmental education, and other general recreational uses. We allow wildlife-dependent uses and other recreational uses, such as, but not limited to, sightseeing, hiking, bicycling on roads or trails, picnicking, and swimming, on areas designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps available at refuge offices, subject to the following conditions:

(A) In areas posted and shown on maps as “No Entry—Sanctuary,” we prohibit entry as specified on signs or maps (see § 32.42 of this chapter for list of areas and locations).

(B) In areas posted and shown on maps as “Area Closed,” “Area Closed—No Motors,” and “No Hunting Zone” (Goose Island), we ask that you practice voluntary avoidance of these areas by Start Printed Page 47665any means or for any purpose from October 15 to the end of the respective State duck hunting season. In areas marked “no motors,” we prohibit the use of motors on watercraft from October 15 to the end of the respective State duck hunting season (see § 32.42 of this chapter for list of areas and locations).

(C) Commercial tours and filming (see § 27.71 of this chapter) require a permit (FWS Form 3-1383-C) issued by the refuge or district manager.

(D) We allow the collecting of edible fruits, nuts, mushrooms, or other plant parts for personal use (no sale or barter allowed). We limit the amount you may collect to 2 gallons by volume per person, per day. We also allow the collecting of shed deer antlers for personal use.

(E) We prohibit the harvest of wild rice; plant and animal specimens; and other natural objects, such as rocks, stones, or minerals (see § 27.21 of this chapter). We only allow the collection of plants or their parts for ornamental use by permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge or district manager.

(F) We prohibit the cutting, removal, or damage of any tree or vegetation on the refuge without a permit from the refuge or district manager. We prohibit attaching nails, screws, or other hardware to any tree (see § 32.2(i) of this chapter).

(G) We prohibit all vehicle use on or across refuge lands at any time except on designated routes of travel or on the ice over navigable waters accessed from boat landings. We prohibit parking beyond vehicle control barriers or on grass or other vegetation. We prohibit parking or operating vehicles in a manner that obstructs or impedes any road, trail, fire lane, boat ramp, access gate, or other facility, or in a manner that creates a safety hazard or endangers any person, property, or environmental feature. We may impound any vehicle left parked in violation at the owner's expense (see § 27.31(h) of this chapter).

(H) We allow dogs and other domestic animals on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(1) We prohibit dogs disturbing or endangering wildlife or people while on the refuge.

(2) While on the refuge, all dogs must be under the control of their owners/handlers at all times or on a leash.

(3) We prohibit allowing dogs to roam.

(4) All dogs must be on a leash when on hiking trails, or other areas so posted.

(5) We allow working a dog in refuge waters by tossing a retrieval dummy or other object for out-and-back exercise.

(6) We encourage the use of dogs for hunting (see § 32.42 of this chapter), but we prohibit field trials and commercial/professional dog training.

(7) Owners/handlers of dogs are responsible for disposal of dog droppings in refuge public use concentration areas such as trails, sandbars, and boat landings.

(8) We prohibit horses and all other domestic animals on the refuge unless confined in a vehicle, boat, trailer, kennel, or other container (see § 26.21 of this chapter).

(I) We prohibit the discharging of firearms (including dog training pistols and dummy launchers), air guns, or any other weapons on the refuge, unless you are a licensed hunter or trapper engaged in authorized activities during established seasons, as governed by Federal, State, and local regulations. We prohibit target practice on the refuge (see §§ 27.42 and 27.43 of this chapter).

(J) We prohibit the use or possession of glass food and beverage containers on lands within the refuge.

(K) We require that you keep all refuge lands clean during your period of use or occupancy. At all times you must keep all refuse, trash, and litter contained in bags or other suitable containers and not left scattered on the ground or in the water. You must remove all personal property, refuse, trash, and litter immediately upon vacating a site. We require that human solid waste and associated material be either removed and properly disposed of off-refuge or be buried on site to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) and at least 50 feet (15 meters) from water's edge (see § 27.94 of this chapter).

(ii) Watercraft. We allow the use of watercraft of all types and means of propulsion on all navigable waters of the refuge as governed by State regulations subject to the following conditions:

(A) In areas posted and shown on maps as “Electric Motor Area,” we prohibit motorized vehicles and watercraft year-round except watercraft powered by electric motors or nonmotorized means. We do not prohibit the possession of watercraft motors in these areas, only their use. These areas are:

(1) Island 42, Pool 5, Minnesota, 459 acres.

(2) Snyder Lake, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 182 acres.

(3) Mertes Slough, Pool 6, Wisconsin, 222 acres.

(4) Browns Marsh, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 827 acres.

(5) Hoosier Lake, Pool 10, Wisconsin, 162 acres.

(B) In areas posted and shown on maps as “Slow No Wake Area,” we require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake speed (as governed by applicable State law) from March 16 through October 31. We also prohibit the operation of airboats or hovercraft in these areas from March 16 through October 31. These areas are:

(1) Nelson-Trevino, Pool 4, Wisconsin, 2,626 acres.

(2) Denzers Slough, Pool 5A, Minnesota, 83 acres.

(3) Black River Bottoms, Pool 7, Wisconsin, 815 acres.

(4) Blue/Target Lake, Pool 8, Minnesota, 1,834 acres.

(5) Root River, Pool 8, Minnesota, 695 acres.

(6) Reno Bottoms, Pool 9, Minnesota, 2,536 acres.

(7) Nine Mile Island, Pool 12, Iowa, 454 acres.

(8) Princeton, Pool 14, Iowa, 327 acres.

(C) In water access and travel routes posted and shown on maps as “Slow No Wake Zone,” we require watercraft to travel at slow, no-wake speed (as governed by applicable State law) at all times unless otherwise posted.

(D) In portions of Spring Lake and Crooked Slough—Lost Mound, Pool 13, Illinois, posted as “Slow, 5 mph When Boats Present” and marked on maps as “Speed/Distance Regulation,” we require watercraft operators to reduce the speed of their watercraft to less than 5 miles per hour (mph) (8 kilometers per hour (kph)) when within 100 feet (30 meters) of another watercraft that is anchored or underway at 5 mph (8 kph) or less.

(E) We prohibit the mooring, beaching, or storing of watercraft on the refuge not used at least once every 24 hours. We define “used” as a watercraft moved at least 100 feet (30 meters) on the water with the operator on board. We prohibit the mooring of watercraft within 200 feet (60 meters) of refuge boat landings or ramps. We may impound any watercraft moored in violation at the owner's expense (see § 27.32 of this chapter).

(F) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(A), (B), and (K) of this section apply.

(iii) Camping. We allow camping on all lands and waters of the refuge as designated by the refuge manager and shown on maps available at refuge offices subject to the following conditions:

(A) We define “camping” as:

(1) Erecting a tent or shelter of natural or synthetic material;

(2) Preparing a sleeping bag or other bedding material for use;Start Printed Page 47666

(3) Parking of a motor vehicle or mooring or anchoring of a vessel, for the apparent purpose of overnight occupancy; or

(4) Occupying or leaving personal property, including boats or other craft, at a site anytime between the hours of 11 p.m. and 3 a.m.

(B) We prohibit camping at any one site for a period longer than 14 days during any 30-consecutive-day period. After 14 days, you must move all persons, property, equipment, and boats to a new site located at least 0.5 mile (0.8 kilometer) from the previous site.

(C) We prohibit camping within 200 feet (60 meters) of any refuge boat landing, access area, parking lot, structure, road, trail, or other recreation or management facility.

(D) We prohibit camping during waterfowl hunting seasons within areas posted “No Entry—Sanctuary,” “Area Closed,” “Area Closed—No Motors,” and “No Hunting Zone” or on any sites not clearly visible from the main commercial navigation channel of the Mississippi River (see § 32.42 of this chapter).

(E) You must occupy campsites daily. We prohibit the leaving of tents, camping equipment, or other property unattended at any site for over 24 hours, and we may impound any equipment left in violation at the owner's expense. We define “occupy” and “attended” as being present at a site for a minimum of 2 hours daily.

(F) You must remove any tables, fireplaces, or other facilities erected upon vacating a camping or day-use site.

(G) We allow campfires in conjunction with camping and day-use activities subject to the following conditions (see §§ 27.95 and 32.42 of this chapter):

(1) You may only use dead wood on the ground, or materials brought into the refuge such as charcoal or firewood. You must remove any unused firewood brought into the refuge upon departure due to the threat of invasive insects.

(2) We prohibit building, attending, and maintaining a campfire without sufficient clearance from flammable materials so as to prevent its escape.

(3) We prohibit building a fire at any developed facility, including, but not limited to, boat landings, access areas, parking lots, roads, trails, or any other recreation or management facility or structure.

(4) We prohibit burying live fires or hot coals when vacating a campfire site.

(5) We prohibit burning or attempting to burn any nonflammable materials or any materials that may produce toxic fumes or leave hazardous waste. These materials include, but are not limited to, metal cans, plastic containers, glass, fiberglass, treated wood products, wood containing nails or staples, wire, flotation materials, or other refuse.

(H) The conditions set forth in paragraphs (v)(2)(i)(D) through (K) of this section apply.

(w) Mississippi—(1) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of airboats, mudboats, motorized pirogues, and air-cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.

(3) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit all refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) Beginning the day before duck season opens and ending the last day of duck season, we close refuge waters to all public use from 1 p.m. until 4 a.m.

(5) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.

(6) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting and frogging, we limit refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles (UTVs) only on designated trails from September 15 through February 28.

(7) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of airboats, sailboats, hovercrafts, and inboard-water-thrust boats such as, but not limited to, personal watercraft, watercycles, and waterbikes.

(ii) [Reserved]

(8) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must hand-launch boats except at designated boat ramps, where you may trailer-launch them.

(ii) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicles (UTVs) as governed by State waterfowl management area (WMA) regulations and size specifications on designated trails from scouting season until February 28.

(iii) You must be age 16 or older to operate an ATV or UTV on the refuge.

(iv) We prohibit overnight parking.

(9) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) With the exception of raccoon hunting, we limit refuge entry and exit to the period of 4 a.m. to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) [Reserved]

(x) [Reserved]

(y) Montana—(1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of nonmotorized boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of nonmotorized boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of nonmotorized boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit air-thrust boats and boats with motors greater than 25 horsepower.

(ii) [Reserved]

(5) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge—(i) Boats. We only allow nonmotorized boats in the hunt area east of the Lower Red Rock Lake dam. We allow boats with motors 10 horsepower or less west of Lower Red Rock Lake dam.

(ii) Camping. (A) We allow camping only in two established campgrounds. We prohibit camping along roadsides.

(B) We restrict camping to 16 consecutive days within any 30-day period.

(C) We prohibit horses in the campgrounds.

(D) From March 1 to December 1, all bear attractants, including, but not limited to, food, garbage, and carcasses or parts thereof, must be acceptably stored at night (unless in immediate use) and during the day if unattended. Acceptably stored means any of the following:

(1) Suspended at least 10 feet high and 4 feet from any vertical support 100 yards from any camp or hiking trail;

(2) Secured in a certified bear-safe container; or

(3) Secured in a hard-sided vehicle, including an enclosed camper or horse trailer.

(z) Nebraska—(1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boating at no-wake speeds, not to exceed 5 miles per hour (8 kilometers Start Printed Page 47667per hour), on side or back channels. We prohibit all watercraft in the Boyer Chute waterway or other areas as posted.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow boating and float tubes on Island Lake. We prohibit use of internal combustion motors for boats on Island Lake.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District. (i) We prohibit the use of motorboats. We allow only nonpowered motorboats and those powered by electric motors (see § 27.32 of this chapter).

(ii) [Reserved]

(aa) Nevada—(1) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow motorless boats or boats with electric motors on the Upper Lake, Middle Marsh, and Lower Lake, with the exception that we close Upper Lake to all boating from October 1 through February 1.

(ii) We prohibit the use of boats, rubber rafts, or other flotation devices on the North Marsh.

(2) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats on refuge waters from January 1 through June 14.

(ii) During the boating season, we allow boats only on the South Marsh. From June 15 through July 31, we allow only motorless boats or boats with battery-powered electric motors. Anglers must remove all gasoline-powered motors. From August 1 through December 31, we allow only motorless boats and boats propelled with motors with a total of 10 horsepower or less.

(iii) We allow launching of boats only from designated landings.

(3) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boating outside of the waterfowl and youth waterfowl hunting season except in Swan Check Lake, where we allow nonmotorized boating all year.

(ii) We prohibit boats on Swan Lake, the northeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of Pintail Bay. We allow the use of nonmotorized carts, sleds, floating blinds, and other floating devices in these areas to transport hunting equipment and to conceal hunters, but not to transport hunters.

(iii) We only allow outboard motor boats on Lead Lake, Tule Lake, Goose Lake, South Nutgrass Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and south end of Pintail Bay.

(iv) We only allow air-thrust boats on Goose Lake, South Nutgrass Lake, the southeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the south end of Pintail Bay.

(v) You may not operate air-thrust boats until 1 hour after the legal shooting time on opening day of waterfowl season.

(vi) We require air-thrust boat owners to get a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager and to display a number on their airboats.

(vii) We allow nonmotorized boats on all lakes and bays except Swan Lake, the northeast corner of North Nutgrass Lake, and the north end of Pintail Bay.

(viii) We allow camping only in designated areas.

(bb)-(dd) [Reserved]

(ee) New York—(1) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow the use of nonmotorized boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) [Reserved]

(ff) North Carolina—(1) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow motorized and nonmotorized fishing boats, canoes, and kayaks from March 1 through October 31.

(ii) We prohibit airboats, sailboats, Jet Skis, and windboards.

(2) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats utilizing gasoline-powered motors.

(ii) You must unload and load boats by hand on all waters except those having designated launch ramps.

(iii) We prohibit swimming.

(3) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only prohibit boats on Pungo Lake.

(ii) We prohibit leaving a boat anywhere on the refuge overnight.

(gg) North Dakota—(1) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to boating from May 1 through September 30.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We restrict boats to 25 horsepower maximum.

(ii) We restrict boats to the period from May 1 through September 30.

(4) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boats on Silver Lake and on refuge waters south of the confluence of the Mauvais Coulee and Little Coulee from May 1 through September 30 of each year.

(ii) We prohibit water activities not related to fishing (e.g., sailing, skiing, tubing, etc.).

(5) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We open the refuge to boating from May 1 through September 30.

(ii) We allow snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility terrain vehicles (UTVs), motor vehicles, and fish houses on the ice as conditions allow.

(6) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of bicycles or similar vehicles on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit the use of amphibious vehicles or personal watercraft on the refuge.

(hh) Ohio—(1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in designated areas.

(ii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on refuge lands.

(2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) The Crane Creek and Crane Creek Estuary are closed to all boats and flotation devices from State Route 2 to the mouth of Crane Creek at Lake Erie.

(ii) We allow nonmotorized boats and flotation devices in designated areas.

(iii) We prohibit the use of off-road vehicles and snowmobiles on refuge lands.

(ii) Oklahoma—(1) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boats, and you must operate them under applicable State laws and comply with all licensing and marking regulations from their State of origin.

(ii) We prohibit boating on the closed portion of Sally Jones Lake from September 1 to March 31.

(iii) We prohibit alcoholic beverages.

(2) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass containers.

(ii) We prohibit airboats, hovercrafts, and personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis, wave runners, jet boats) year round on refuge waters.

(iii) We prohibit swimming and water sports.

(3) Washita National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We do not allow boats and other flotation devices on refuge waters from October 15 through March 14.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow hand-powered boats only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French Lakes.

(ii) Anglers may use electric trolling motors on boats 14 feet or less in length only on Jed Johnson, Rush, Quanah Parker, and French Lakes.

(jj) Oregon—(1) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit parking on the refuge after the refuge is closed to public entry.

(2) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(iii) We allow use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors.Start Printed Page 47668

(3) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit the use of air-thrust and water-thrust boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(5) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(6) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge. (i) Motorized boats must not exceed 10 miles per hour in any stream, creek, or canal, and on that portion of Pelican Bay west of a line beginning at designated points on the north shore of Pelican Bay 1/4 mile (402 meters) east of Crystal Creek and extending due south to the opposite shore of the lake.

(ii) [Reserved]

(kk)-(ll) [Reserved]

(mm) South Carolina—(1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on the refuge except for designated archery hunters on Bulls Island and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager.

(ii) We allow boats to operate in salt water. We prohibit motorized equipment on the refuge islands or in refuge inholdings.

(iii) We prohibit private boats in the refuge boat basins at Garris Landing and Bulls Island. We clearly mark these areas with Closed Area signs.

(iv) We prohibit overnight parking at Garris Landing, except for archery hunters during the designated refuge archery white-tailed deer season and individuals obtaining a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager.

(v) We close Marsh Island, White Banks, and Sandy Point to public entry from February 15 through September 15 to protect nesting birds. This closed area extends from the low mean water mark to the highest elevation on these islands.

(2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors. We allow boats with permanently mounted gas motors as long as you lock the propeller out of the water. You must hand load and unload boats except at designated boat ramps. We prohibit skidding boats up or down dams or on water control structures. We provide boat ramps at Pool D, Pool L, Honkers Lake, and Mays Lake.

(ii) We prohibit swimming and wading in any areas of the refuge.

(3) Santee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(iii) We prohibit overnight mooring of boats.

(iv) We prohibit swimming and wading.

(v) We allow pets only in designated areas, and they must remain on a leash or within vehicles/vessels.

(vi) We prohibit nighttime access to boat-launching areas.

(vii) We prohibit mooring or attaching boats to any refuge boundary marker, post, or navigational post within refuge waters.

(viii) We prohibit air-thrust boats, hovercraft, airboats, and personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis) within the waters of and/or boundary of the refuge.

(nn) South Dakota—(1) LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We allow boat use only on Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, and the Little White River Recreation Area.

(ii) We prohibit the use of internal combustion motors in Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10.

(2) Sand Lake Wetland Management District. (i) We allow the use of motorized boats.

(ii) [Reserved]

(oo) Tennessee—(1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the refuge sanctuary area to the public from November 15 through March 15.

(ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.

(2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit leaving boats unattended on the refuge after daylight use hours.

(ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat ramps and boat docks.

(3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through March 15.

(ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.

(iii) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors only; we prohibit the use of gas and diesel motors on refuge lakes except in the waterfowl hunting area.

(4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through March 15.

(ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.

(iii) We allow boats with only electric or outboard motors of 10 horsepower or less.

(5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the sanctuary area of the refuge and the southern unit of Sunk Lake Public Use Natural Area to the public from November 15 through March 15.

(ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.

(iii) We allow the use of only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on Sunk Lake Public Use Natural Area.

(6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We seasonally close the sanctuary areas of the refuge to the public from November 15 through March 15.

(ii) We allow horses only on roads open to motorized traffic.

(iii) We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, or personal watercraft (e.g., Jet Skis) on any waters within the refuge boundary.

(7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit boats to no wake speed on all refuge impoundments.

(ii) We prohibit swimming in refuge impoundments and from boat ramps and boat docks.

(pp) Texas—(1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boats and other flotation devices on inland waters.

(ii) You may launch motorized boats in East Bay at the East Bay Boat Ramp on Westline Road and at the Oyster Bayou Boat Ramp (boat canal). We prohibit the launching of airboats or personal watercraft on the refuge.

(iii) You may launch nonmotorized boats only along East Bay Bayou and along the shoreline of East Galveston Bay.

(2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on the refuge.

(ii) [Reserved]

(3) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on the refuge.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping in all public hunting areas and parking lots.

(ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking lots.

(iii) We allow only nonmotorized boat launching at designated areas.

(5) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit glass containers on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit boats and other floating devices on all open waters of Lake Texoma, except Big Mineral Creek from October 1 through March 14 annually.

(iii) At the point where Big Mineral Creek joins Lake Texoma, Big Mineral Creek becomes a year-round no wake zone to the end of upstream navigable waters.

(iv) From October 1 through March 14, we allow only nonmotorized boats in Big Mineral Creek from the point where it joins Lake Texoma to the upstream end of navigable waters. You may not have any type of gas or electric motor onboard that is capable of use. You may launch boats from a boat ramp only from L Pad Road or by hand at the Big Mineral Day Use Area.Start Printed Page 47669

(6) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We only allow camping at Adolph Thomae Jr. County Park.

(ii) [Reserved]

(7) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) [Reserved]

(8) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a single engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.

(ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and other waterways. We prohibit the operation of motorized boats on or through emergent wetland vegetation.

(9) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping in all public hunting areas and parking lots.

(ii) We prohibit campfires in all public hunting areas and parking lots.

(10) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge. (i) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the use of boats powered by air-cooled or radiator-cooled engines to those powered by a single engine of 25 horsepower or less and utilizing a propeller 9 inches (22.5 centimeters) in diameter or less.

(ii) On inland waters of the refuge open to motorized boats, we restrict the operation of motorized boats to lakes, ponds, ditches, and other waterways. We prohibit the operation or motorized boats on or through emergent wetland vegetation.

(11) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We limit motors to a maximum of 10 horsepower.

(ii) [Reserved]

(qq)-(rr) [Reserved]

(ss) Virginia—(1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge—(i) Access: Qualifications and specifications. (A) As provided for in Public Law 96-315, we issue permits to permanent, full-time residents who can furnish to the refuge manager, Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, adequate proof of continuous and continuing residency, commencing prior to December 31, 1979, on the Outer Banks from the refuge boundary south to and including the village of Corolla, North Carolina, as long as they remain permanent, full-time residents. The south boundary of the area for access consideration is defined as a straight east-west line extending from Currituck Sound to the Atlantic Ocean and passing through a point 1,600 feet due south of the Currituck lighthouse. “Residence” means a place of general abode; “Place of general abode” means a person's principal, actual dwelling place in fact, without regard to intent. A “dwelling” means a residential structure occupied on a year-round basis by the permit applicant and shall not include seasonal or part-time dwelling units such as beach houses, vacation cabins, or structures which are intermittently occupied.

(B) As provided for in Public Law 98-146, up to 15 additional permits shall be granted to those persons meeting any one of the following conditions:

(1) A resident as of July 1, 1982, who held a valid Service access permit for improved property owners at any time during the period from July 29, 1976, through December 31, 1979.

(2) Anyone in continuous residency since 1976, in the area bounded on the north by the refuge boundary, and on the south by a straight line passing through a point in the east-west prolongation of the centerline of Albacore Street, Whaleshead Club Subdivision, Currituck County, North Carolina.

(3) Any permanent, full time resident as of April 1, 1983, residing in the area outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(i)(B)(2) of this section and not otherwise eligible, who can substantiate to the Secretary of the Interior that access is essential to their maintaining a livelihood, as long as they maintain full-time continuous employment in the Norfolk, Virginia, area may qualify for access.

(C) The burden of proving that the prospective permittee meets these criteria shall be on the applicant by presentation of adequate documentation to the refuge manager. Permittees may be required to submit additional documentation of their eligibility to the refuge manager in order to maintain access. Permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) will be issued only to those who legally qualify for them.

(D) Only one permit will be issued per family. All permits issued will be terminated in the event that alternate access becomes available during the permit period.

(E) Permits are issued for the purpose of providing entry and exit across the refuge beach to the permittee's residence. Personal access is limited to permittees, and their families, relatives, and guests while being transported in the permittee's vehicle. “Personal access” means private, non-commercial use. Permits are not transferable by sale or devise.

(F) All vehicle occupants must provide positive identification upon the request of any refuge official.

(ii) Access: Routes of travel. Access to, and travel along, the refuge beach by motorized vehicles may be allowed between the dune crossing at the key card operated gate near the refuge headquarters, and the south boundary of the refuge only after a permit has been issued or authorization provided by the refuge manager. Travel along the refuge beach by motorized vehicle shall be below the high tide line, within the intertidal zone, to the maximum extent practicable. This may require permittees to adjust their travel times to avoid high tides which would require the use of the emergency storm access/evacuation route over the east dike.

(iii) Access: Number of trips allowed. Permittees and members of their immediate families residing with them are limited to a total of two round trips per day per household.

(iv) Access: Hours of travel. Travel along the designated route is allowed 24 hours per day from October 1 through April 30. Travel is restricted to the hours of 5 a.m. to 12 a.m. (midnight) from May 1 through September 30.

(v) Access: Medical emergencies. (A) Private vehicles used in a medical emergency will be granted access. A “medical emergency” means any condition that threatens human life or limb unless medical treatment is immediately obtained.

(B) The vehicle operator is required to provide the refuge manager with a doctor's statement confirming the emergency within 36 hours after the access has occurred.

(vi) Access: Military, fire, or emergency vehicles. (A) Military, fire, emergency or law enforcement vehicles used for emergency purposes may be granted access.

(B) Vehicles used by an employee/agent of the Federal, State or local government, in the course of official duty other than for emergency purposes, may be granted access upon advance request to the refuge manager.

(C) Continuous or recurring use of the refuge beach for other than emergency purposes shall require the issuance of a permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager.

(vii) Access: Public utility vehicles. Public utility vehicles used on official business will be granted access. A permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) specifying the times and types of access will be issued by the refuge manager. A “public utility vehicle” means any vehicle owned or operated by a public utility company enfranchised to supply Outer Banks residents with electricity or telephone service.

(viii) Access: Essential commercial service vehicles. (A) Essential Start Printed Page 47670commercial service vehicles on business calls during the hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday will be granted access, only upon prior approval of the refuge manager when responding to a request from a permittee. Such requests may be verbal or in writing. Access by essential commercial service vehicles will be granted only after all other reasonable alternatives to access through the refuge have been exhausted as determined by the refuge manager.

(B) “Commercial service vehicle” means any vehicle owned or operated by or on behalf of an individual, partnership, or corporation that is properly licensed to engage entirely in the business of furnishing emergency repair services, including, but not limited to, plumbing, electrical, and repairs to household appliances.

(C) The refuge manager, upon reasonable notification, will be able to authorize essential service/emergency repair access, outside the prescribed time periods, for emergency situations should they arise.

(ix) False Cape State Park employees. False Cape State Park and Virginia Game Commission employees who are residents in the park will be considered as permanent, full-time residents as defined in paragraph (ss)(1)(i) of this section with access privileges identical to those of other permittees with beach access privileges.

(x) Access: Commercial fishermen, businesses, and their employees. (A) Commercial fishermen who have verified that their fishing operations on the Outer Banks of Virginia Beach, Virginia, or Currituck County, North Carolina, have been dependent since 1972 on entry and exit to or across the refuge are granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for access. Travel through the refuge by commercial fishermen from Currituck County, North Carolina, will be permitted only when directly associated with commercial fishing operations. Drivers and passengers on trips through the refuge are limited to commercial fishing crew members. A “commercial fisherman” means one who harvests finfish by gill net or haul seine in the Atlantic Ocean, and who has owned and operated a commercial fishing businesses continuously since 1972. Commercial permits are not transferable by sale or devise. The level of commercial permittee travel across the refuge shall not increase above the average yearly levels maintained in the 1985-1987 period.

(B) Other businesses who have verified that their business operations on the Outer Banks of Currituck County, North Carolina, have been dependent since 1972 on entry and exit to or across the refuge will be granted permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) for access in accordance with the limitations outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(x)(A) of this section.

(C) Each commercial fisherman or other business may be granted a maximum of five designated employees to travel the refuge beach for commercial fishing or other business-related purposes only. Commercial fishing employees may carry only other commercial fishing employees as passengers. Other business employees may carry only other employees of that business. The hauling of trailers associated with the conduct of commercial fishing or other business activities is authorized.

(D) Employees of commercial fishermen and/or other businesses who apply for access permits (FWS Form 3-1383-G) shall have the burden of proving, by the presentation of appropriate documentation to the refuge manager, that they are an “employee” for purposes of this section. “Appropriate documentation” is defined as the submission of standardized and verifiable employment forms including: Signed W-2 and W-4 forms, IRS form #1099, official earnings statements for specified periods, employee income tax withholding submissions to State and Federal tax offices (e.g., IRS form W-3 with W-2s attached), State unemployment tax information, or other proof of actual employment. Documentation for each employee must be submitted in advance of access being granted, or, for new employees, within 30 days of their starting date. Failure to provide verification of employment for new employees within 30 days will result in termination of access privileges.

(xi) Access: Suspension or waiver of rules in this paragraph (ss)(1). (A) In an emergency, the refuge manager may suspend any or all of the restrictions in this paragraph (ss)(1) on vehicular travel and announce each suspension by whatever means are available. In the event of adverse weather conditions, the refuge manager may close all or any portion of the refuge to vehicular traffic for such periods as deemed advisable in the interest of public safety.

(B) The refuge manager may make exceptions to access restrictions, if they are compatible with refuge purposes, for qualified permittees who have demonstrated to the refuge manager a need for additional access relating to health or livelihood.

(C) The refuge manager may grant one-time use authorization for vehicular access through the refuge to individuals, not otherwise qualified in paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(B) of this section, who have demonstrated to the refuge manager that there is no feasible alternative to the access requested. Authorization for access under this paragraph (ss)(1)(xi)(C) will not be based on convenience to the applicant.

(xii) Access: Violation of rules in this paragraph (ss)(1). Violators of the regulations in this paragraph (ss)(1) pertaining to Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge are subject to legal action as prescribed by 50 CFR 25.43 and 50 CFR part 28, including suspension or revocation of all permits issued to the violator or responsible permittee. The refuge manager may deny access permits to applicants who, during the 2 years immediately preceding the date of application, have formally been charged and successfully prosecuted for three or more violations of these or other regulations in effect at Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Individuals whose vehicle access privileges are suspended, revoked, or denied may, within 30 days, file a written appeal of the action to the Assistant Regional Director, Refuges and Wildlife, at the address for the Northeast Regional Office provided at 50 CFR 2.2(e), in accordance with 50 CFR 25.45(c).

(xiii) Other access rules in this paragraph (ss)(1). (A) No permit will remain in effect beyond December 31 of the year in which it was issued. Permits may be renewed upon the submission of appropriate updated information relating to the permit, and a signed statement that the conditions under which the previous permit was issued have not changed. In the event of any changes of conditions under which the permit is granted, the permittee shall notify the refuge manager in writing within 30 days. Failure to report changes may result in suspension/revocation of the permit.

(B) Vehicles shall be operated on the refuge beach only by the permittee or other authorized drivers. Permit holders shall not tow, transport, or operate vehicles owned by non-permit holders through the refuge. Non-commercial permit holders may tow utility and boat trailers when being used for their personal use only. Any towed vehicle shall have advance approval from the refuge manager prior to being brought through the refuge. The access privilege in this paragraph (ss)(1)(xiii)(B) is not to be used for any commercial purpose.

(C) The refuge manager may prescribe restrictions as to the types of vehicles to be permitted to ensure public safety and adherence to all applicable rules and regulations.

(D) A magnetic card will be issued to each authorized driver only for his or Start Printed Page 47671her operation of the computer-controlled gate. No more than two cards will be issued per family. Only one vehicle will be permitted to pass for each gate opening. Unauthorized use of the magnetic card may result in suspension of the permit. A fee will be charged to replace lost or misplaced cards. Malfunctioning cards will be replaced at no charge.

(E) Access is granted for the purpose of travel to and from the permittee's residence and/or place of business. Access is not authorized for the purpose of transporting individuals for hire, or for the transport of prospective real estate clients to or from the Outer Banks of North Carolina, or for any other purpose not covered by this paragraph (ss)(1).

(xiv) General rules in this paragraph (ss)(1)—(A) Entry on foot, bicycle, or motor vehicle. Entry on foot, bicycle, or by motor vehicle on designated routes is allowed one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset for the purposes of nature observation and study, photography, hiking, surf fishing, and bicycling.

(B) Beach-oriented uses. Designated areas of the refuge beach are open to wildlife/wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section. Entry to the beach is via designated access points only.

(C) Parking. Limited parking at the refuge office/visitor contact station is allowed only in designated spaces. Parking is available on a first-come, first-served basis for persons engaged in wildlife/wildlands-oriented recreation only as outlined in paragraph (ss)(1)(xiv)(A) of this section.

(D) Fires. All fires are prohibited.

(E) Pets. Dogs and other pets, on a hand-held leash not exceeding 10 feet in length, are allowed from October 1 through March 31.

(F) Sand dunes. Pedestrians and vehicular traffic in the sand dunes are prohibited.

(G) Groups. Use by all groups exceeding 10 individuals will require a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G), issued by the refuge manager.

(H) Motorized vehicles. Registered motor vehicles and motorized bicycles (mopeds) are allowed on the paved refuge access road and parking lot at refuge headquarters. All other motorized vehicular use is prohibited, except as specifically authorized pursuant to this paragraph (ss)(1).

(2) [Reserved]

(tt) Washington—(1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit boat launching on the refuge.

(ii) The maximum speed limit is 5 miles per hour for boats in all refuge waters.

(2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(4) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors on the WB-10 Pond (Wahluke Lake) and with walk-in access only.

(5) McNary National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(6) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(7) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit overnight camping.

(ii) We prohibit overnight parking.

(8) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge. (i) We prohibit camping on the refuge except in designated campgrounds on Long Island for up to 14 days.

(ii) [Reserved]

(uu) [Reserved]

(vv) Wisconsin—(1) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Refer to paragraph (v)(2) of this section for regulations.

(2) [Reserved]

(ww) Wyoming—(1) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge. (i) You must only launch or pick up trailered boats at the following boat ramps: Dodge Bottom, Hayfarm, Lombard, and Six-Mile.

(ii) [Reserved]

(2) [Reserved]

(xx) Information collection requirements. The information collection requirements contained in this section have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The information is being collected to provide the refuge managers the information needed to decide whether or not to allow the requested use. A response is required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of these information collection requirements to the Service's Information Collection Clearance Officer at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).

Start Part

PART 32—HUNTING AND FISHING

End Part Start Amendment Part

3. The authority citation for part 32 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and 715i; Pub. L. 115-20, 131 Stat. 86.

End Authority

Subpart A—General Provisions

Start Amendment Part

4. Revise § 32.7 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
What refuge units are open to hunting and/or sport fishing?

Refuge units open to hunting and/or sport fishing in accordance with the provisions of this subpart and §§ 32.20 through 32.70, inclusive, are as follows:

(a) Alabama. (1) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge.

(b) Alaska. (1) Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Becharof National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Izembek National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Kenai National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Salawik National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Togiak National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge.

(c) Arizona. (1) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge.Start Printed Page 47672

(d) Arkansas. (1) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge.

(e) California. (1) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Kern National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Merced National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge.

(18) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(19) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge.

(20) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.

(21) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge.

(22) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(f) Colorado. (1) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Baca National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Rocky Mountain Arsenal.

(g) Connecticut. (1) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge.

(h) Delaware. (1) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge.

(i) Florida. (1) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) J.N. “Ding” Darling National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(j) Georgia. (1) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(k) Hawaii. (1) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge.

(l) Idaho. (1) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Camas National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge.

(m) Illinois. (1) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.

(n) Indiana. (1) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area

(o) Iowa. (1) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Iowa Wetland Management District.

(4) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.

(p) Kansas. (1) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge.

(q) Kentucky. (1) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.

(r) Louisiana. (1) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Breton National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Delta National Wildlife Refuge.Start Printed Page 47673

(14) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge.

(18) Red River National Wildlife Refuge.

(19) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge.

(20) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge.

(21) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge.

(s) Maine. (1) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.

(t) Maryland. (1) Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Patuxent Research Refuge.

(u) Massachusetts. (1) Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

(v) Michigan. (1) Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Kirtland's Warbler Wildlife Management Area.

(4) Michigan Wetland Management District.

(5) Seney National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge.

(w) Minnesota. (1) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Big Stone Wetland Management District.

(4) Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District.

(6) Fergus Falls Wetland Management District.

(7) Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Litchfield Wetland Management District.

(10) Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District.

(12) Morris Wetland Management District.

(13) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Rydell National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge.

(18) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.

(19) Windom Wetland Management District.

(x) Mississippi. (1) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Hillside National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge.

(y) Missouri. (1) Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Great River National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Mingo National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.

(z) Montana. (1) Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Benton Lake Wetland Management District.

(3) Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Bowdoin Wetland Management District.

(6) Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Charles M. Russell Wetland Management District.

(8) Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) National Bison Range.

(18) Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge.

(19) Northeast Montana Wetland Management District.

(20) Northwest Montana Wetland Management District.

(21) Pablo National Wildlife Refuge.

(22) Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.

(23) Swan River National Wildlife Refuge.

(24) UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge.

(25) War Horse National Wildlife Refuge.

(aa) Nebraska. (1) Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) North Platte National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District.

(6) Valentine National Wildlife Refuge.

(bb) Nevada. (1) Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Desert National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge.

(cc) New Hampshire. (1) Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.

(dd) New Jersey. (1) Cape May National Wildlife Refuge.Start Printed Page 47674

(2) Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge.

(ee) New Mexico. (1) Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) San Andres National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge.

(ff) New York. (1) Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Wallkill National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge.

(gg) North Carolina. (1) Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Currituck National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge.

(hh) North Dakota. (1) Ardoch National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Arrowwood Wetland Management District.

(4) Audubon National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Audubon Wetland Management District.

(6) Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Chase Lake Wetland Management District.

(8) Crosby Wetland Management District.

(9) Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Devils Lake Wetland Management District.

(11) J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District.

(13) Kulm Wetland Management District.

(14) Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Lake Nettie National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) Lake Zahl National Wildlife Refuge.

(18) Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(19) Long Lake Wetland Management District.

(20) Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge.

(21) Lostwood Wetland Management District.

(22) Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(23) Sibley Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(24) Silver Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(25) Slade National Wildlife Refuge.

(26) Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(27) Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge.

(28) Tewaukon Wetland Management District.

(29) Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge.

(ii) Ohio. (1) Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge.

(jj) Oklahoma. (1) Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Little River National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Optima National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit.

(9) Washita National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge.

(kk) Oregon. (1) Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge.

(7) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer.

(8) Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(15) Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge.

(16) Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(17) Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge.

(18) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.

(19) Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.

(20) William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge.

(ll) Pennsylvania. (1) Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Erie National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum.

(4) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(mm) Rhode Island. (1) Block Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge.

(nn) South Carolina. (1) Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Santee National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.

(oo) South Dakota. (1) Huron Wetland Management District.

(2) Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Lake Andes Wetland Management District.

(5) Madison Wetland Management District.

(6) Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Sand Lake Wetland Management District.Start Printed Page 47675

(8) Waubay National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Waubay Wetland Management District.

(pp) Tennessee. (1) Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge.

(qq) Texas. (1) Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Aransas National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge.

(rr) Utah. (1) Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge.

(2) Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Ouray National Wildlife Refuge.

(ss) Vermont. (1) Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

(tt) Virginia. (1) Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) James River National Wildilfe Refuge.

(7) Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) Presquile National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge.

(uu) Washington. (1) Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Columbia National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge.

(6) Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer.

(7) Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge.

(8) McNary National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge.

(10) San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(11) Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge.

(12) Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge.

(13) Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.

(14) Willapa National Wildlife Refuge.

(vv) West Virginia. (1) Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge.

(ww) Wisconsin. (1) Fox River National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.

(4) Horicon National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Leopold Wetland Management District.

(6) Necedah National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) St. Croix Wetland Management District.

(8) Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge.

(9) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge.

(10) Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge.

(xx) Wyoming. (1) Cokeville Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

(3) National Elk Refuge.

(4) Pathfinder National Wildlife Refuge.

(5) Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge.

(yy) Guam. (1) Guam National Wildlife Refuge.

(2) [Reserved]

Start Amendment Part

5. Add § 32.9 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Information collection requirements.

The information collection requirements contained in this part have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. and assigned clearance number 1018-0140. The information is being collected to provide the refuge managers the information needed to decide whether or not to allow the requested use. A response is required in order to obtain a benefit. The Service may not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of these information collection requirements to the Service's Information Collection Clearance Officer at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).

Start Amendment Part

6. Revise subpart B to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

Subpart B—Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing

32.20
Alabama.
32.21
Alaska.
32.22
Arizona.
32.23
Arkansas.
32.24
California.
32.25
Colorado.
32.26
Connecticut.
32.27
Delaware.
32.28
Florida.
32.29
Georgia.
32.30
Hawaii.
32.31
Idaho.
32.32
Illinois.
32.33
Indiana.
32.34
Iowa.
32.35
Kansas.
32.36
Kentucky.
32.37
Louisiana.
32.38
Maine.
32.39
Maryland.
32.40
Massachusetts.
32.41
Michigan.
32.42
Minnesota.
32.43
Mississippi.
32.44
Missouri.
32.45
Montana.
32.46
Nebraska.
32.47
Nevada.
32.48
New Hampshire.
32.49
New Jersey.
32.50
New Mexico.
32.51
New York.
32.52
North Carolina.
32.53
North Dakota.
32.54
Ohio.
32.55
Oklahoma.
32.56
Oregon.
32.57
Pennsylvania.
32.58
Rhode Island.
32.59
South Carolina.
32.60
South Dakota.
32.61
Tennessee.
32.62
Texas.
32.63
Utah.
32.64
Vermont.
32.65
Virginia.
32.66
Washington.
32.67
West Virginia.
32.68
Wisconsin.Start Printed Page 47676
32.69
Wyoming.
32.70
Guam.
Alabama.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(b) Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, opossum, raccoon, coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' William R. Ireland, Sr.—Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit conditions.

(ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' William R. Ireland, Sr.—Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when hunting on the refuge.

(iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller, rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery equipment that complies with State and Federal regulations.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.

(v) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (ii), (v), and (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the refuge. However, you may archery hunt in the portions of the refuge that are open for deer hunting during the archery, shotgun, and muzzleloader seasons established by the State.

(iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer. We also prohibit drives for feral hogs.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(c) Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, coyote, beaver, and nutria on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit leaving unattended personal property, including, but not limited to, boats or vehicles of any type, geocaches, lumber, and cameras, overnight on the refuge (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ii) You may only take incidental species (coyote, beaver, nutria, and feral hog) during any other refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts as governed by the State of Alabama.

(iii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) when hunting.

(iv) All persons age 15 or younger, while hunting on the refuge, must be in the presence and under direct supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter age 21 or older. A licensed hunter supervising a youth must hold a valid State license for the species being hunted. One adult may supervise no more than two youth hunters.

(v) We require all hunters to record hours hunted and all harvested game on the Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405) at the conclusion of each day at one of the refuge check stations.

(vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting squirrel and rabbit.

(vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(viii) For hunting, you may use only approved nontoxic shot (see § 32.2(k)), .22 caliber rimfire or smaller rifles, or legal archery equipment as governed by State regulations.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer and incidental take of feral hog subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(ii), (iii), (iv), and (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) Deer hunters may place one portable stand or blind on the refuge for use while deer hunting, but only during the open deer season. The stand must be clearly labeled with the hunter's State hunting license number. You may leave the stand or blind on the refuge overnight during the deer season in a non-hunting position at ground level.

(iii) While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must use a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association's standards.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing year-round, except in the waterfowl sanctuary area as depicted within the refuge brochure. The waterfowl sanctuary is closed to fishing from November 15 through March 1.

(ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this section applies.

(iii) We allow a rod and reel and pole and line. We prohibit all other methods of fishing, including bow fishing.

(iv) We prohibit the taking of frogs, turtles, and crawfish (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(v) We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.

(d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove and Eurasian-collared dove, duck, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) when hunting.

(ii) All youth hunters (ages 10 through 15) must remain within sight and normal voice contact of a properly licensed hunting adult age 21 or older. Youth hunters must possess and carry verification of passing a State-approved hunter education course. One adult may supervise no more than two youth hunters.

(iii) All waterfowl hunting opportunities are spaced-blind and assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our waterfowl hunt must submit a Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(iv) Hunters must remove all stands/blinds and other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(v) We allow access to the refuge for hunting from 11/2 hours before legal sunrise to 11/2 hours after legal sunset.

(vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned Start Printed Page 47677hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(vii) We prohibit hunting or observing from an elevated stand without use of a full body harness.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow only shotguns as the means of take for upland game hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow youth gun hunting opportunities that are spaced-blind and assigned by lottery. Hunters wishing to participate in our youth gun hunt must submit a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(iii) All youth hunters must remain within sight and normal voice contact of a properly hunting-licensed adult age 21 or older. Youth hunters must possess and carry verification of passing a State-approved hunter education course. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.

(iv) All big game hunting opportunities, except for youth gun, are archery-only.

(v) We close those portions of the refuge between Bustahatchee and Rood Creeks to archery hunting until November 1.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, including bowfishing, in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow shoreline access for fishing from 1 hour before legal sunrise to 1 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit taking frog or turtle on all refuge lands and waters (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We adopt reciprocal license agreements between Alabama and Georgia for fishing in Lake Eufaula. Anglers fishing in waters not directly connected to Lake Eufaula must be properly licensed for the State in which they are fishing.

(e) Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.43(d) for regulations.

(f) Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, crow, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is included with the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Seven Mile Island Wildlife Management Area hunting permit, when hunting on the refuge.

(ii) We allow hunting on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and upland game.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, Eurasian-collared dove, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, opossum, starling, coyote, bobcat, and fox on designated portions of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday, except that you may hunt opossum and raccoon after legal sunset.

(iii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller, rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery equipment that complies with State regulations.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated portions of the refuge as governed by State regulations subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting on designated areas from legal sunrise to legal sunset on Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.

(iii) We prohibit the use of firearms for hunting deer on the refuge.

(iv) We allow hunters to hunt from portable tree stands. While climbing a tree, installing a tree stand that uses climbing aids, or hunting from a tree stand on the refuge, hunters must use a fall-arrest system (full body harness) that is manufactured to the Tree Stand Manufacturers Association's standards.

(v) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(vi) Hunters may hunt big game species other than deer with shotguns using only approved nontoxic #4 shot or smaller (see § 32.2(k)), rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery equipment that complies with State regulations.

(4) [Reserved]

(g) Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco Wildlife Management Area hunting permit conditions.

(ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Choccolocco Wildlife Management Area hunting permit when hunting on the refuge.

(iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iv) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, groundhog, raccoon, opossum, beaver, and fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit hunting after legal sunset.

(iii) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while hunting from a tree.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting quail, squirrel, and rabbit only.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, bobcat, coyote, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (iv) and (g)(2)(iii) of this section apply.

(4) [Reserved]

(h) Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to hunt as governed by Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' North Sauty refuge hunting permit.

(ii) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge permit, which is found on the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Jackson County Waterfowl, Management Areas, refuges and Coon Gulf Tract hunting permit, when hunting.Start Printed Page 47678

(iii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iv) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller, rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery equipment that complies with State regulations.

(v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(i) Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to possess and carry a current and signed hunting permit, found on the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge hunting brochure, when hunting on the refuge.

(ii) Hunters may hunt with shotguns using only #4 shot or smaller, rifles and handguns using rim-fire ammunition only, or archery equipment that complies with State regulations.

(iii) We allow hunting on designated areas Monday through Saturday. We prohibit hunting on Sunday.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game.

(v) Hunters must use a body safety harness at all times while hunting from a tree.

(vi) Hunters must remove tree stands, blinds, or other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(2)(i) and (iii) and (v) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(iii) Hunters may only hunt with archery equipment that complies with State regulations and flintlocks .40 caliber or larger.

(iv) You may only hunt feral hog during the refuge archery and flintlock deer season.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We open all refuge waters to fishing year-round unless otherwise posted.

Alaska.

Alaska refuges are opened to hunting, fishing, and trapping pursuant to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (Pub. L. 96-487, 16 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.). The regulations set forth at 50 CFR part 36 concern National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska. Information regarding specific refuge rules can be obtained from the Regional Office of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK (see 50 CFR 2.2), or by contacting the manager of the respective individual refuge.

Arizona.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and archery equipment for hunting.

(ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any building, road, or levee open to public use.

(iii) You must remove boats, equipment, cameras, temporary blinds, stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit from September 1 to the close of the State season.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section applies.

(b) Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning, white-winged, and Eurasian-collared dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed and antelope jackrabbit, cottontail rabbit, coyote, and hog-nosed, hooded, spotted, and striped skunk on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule and white-tailed deer, javelina, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(4) [Reserved]

(c) Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to obtain a Barry M. Goldwater Range Entry Permit (Department of Defense form/requirement) from the refuge.

(ii) We require Special Use Permits for all hunters (FWS Form 3-1383-G) and guides (FWS Form 3-1383-C).

(4) [Reserved]

(d) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule), common snipe, and mourning and white-winged dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iii) You must remove all temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) The Hart Mine Marsh area is open to entry from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. from October 1 through March 14.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For cottontail rabbit, we allow only shotgun, archery, crossbow, handgun, rifle, muzzleloader, and bow and arrow.

(ii) For quail, we allow only shotgun, archery, crossbow, and handgun shooting shot.

(iii) You may hunt cottontail rabbit from September 1 through the last day of the respective State's quail season.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer on designated Start Printed Page 47679areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow rifle, shotgun, handgun, muzzleloader, crossbow and archery, except for archery only hunts.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging subject to the following condition: Cibola Lake is open to fishing and frogging from March 15 through Labor Day.

(e) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow shotguns, muzzleloaders, pistols, pneumatic guns, and archery equipment for hunting.

(ii) You must remove all boats, equipment, cameras, temporary blinds, stands, etc., at the end of each day's activities (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(iv) The following conditions apply to Pintail Slough (all refuge lands north of North Dike):

(A) We prohibit falconry.

(B) We limit the number of persons at each waterfowl hunt blind or field to four. Observers cannot hold shells or guns for hunting unless in possession of a valid State hunting license and stamps.

(C) Waterfowl hunters must possess at least four decoys per designated blind or field.

(D) You may use dead vegetation or materials for making or fixing hunt blinds.

(E) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays. Waterfowl hunting ends at 2 p.m. MST (Mountain Standard Time). Hunters must be out of the Pintail Slough area by 3 p.m. MST.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting of Gambel's quail and cottontail rabbit in Pintail Slough prior to and following the State waterfowl season.

(iii) We allow the incidental take of quail and cottontail rabbit in Pintail Slough during the State waterfowl season by hunters possessing a valid permit at their designated waterfowl hunt blind or field.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of desert bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow the possession of rifles for desert bighorn sheep hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(ii) We prohibit overnight boat mooring and shore anchoring unless actively fishing as governed by State regulations (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(f) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove, duck, coot, moorhen (gallinule), goose, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow shotgun, archery, and crossbow.

(ii) You must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail, cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, handgun shooting shot, archery, and crossbow.

(ii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow shotgun, rifle, handgun, muzzleloader, archery, and crossbow.

(iii) We allow cottontail rabbit hunting from September 1 to the close of the State quail season.

(iv) We allow coyote and fox hunting only during the State quail season.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging for bullfrog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We close posted portions of Martinez Lake and Ferguson Lake to entry from October 1 through the last day of February.

(g) Kofa National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's quail, cottontail rabbit, coyote, and gray fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of coyote, fox, and cottontail rabbit during the State quail season only.

(ii) For hunting quail, we allow shotgun, archery, crossbow, and handgun shooting shot.

(iii) For hunting cottontail rabbit, coyote, and fox, we allow shotgun, rifle, muzzleloader, handgun, archery, and crossbow.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and desert bighorn sheep on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) [Reserved]

(h) San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning and white-winged dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs while hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of Gambel's, scaled, and Mearns' quail and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow only shotgun.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs while quail hunting.

(iii) Cottontail rabbit season opens on September 1 and closes on the last day of the State quail season.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

Arkansas.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge hunting permits (signed brochure). The permits are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting equipment must possess a signed permit at all times.

(ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting on the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular State waterfowl hunting season.

(iv) You may not possess more than 25 shotgun shells while in the field. The field possession limit for shells does not apply to goose hunting during the State Conservation Order.

(v) We prohibit hunting closer than 100 yards (90 meters) to another hunter or hunting party.

(vi) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other equipment by 1 p.m. (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vii) Hunters may enter the refuge beginning at 4 a.m. and must exit by 1 hour after legal shooting time ends.Start Printed Page 47680

(viii) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the refuge from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit the use of boats from 12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.

(ix) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may use shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire cartridges.

(iii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iv) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.

(vi) Hunters may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts, subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.

(vii) We limit hunting after legal sunset to raccoon/opossum hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (vii), and (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with annual season dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/permit.

(iv) The modern gun hunting season for deer will begin in November and continue for a period of up to 9 days in all hunting units with annual season dates and bag limits provided in the hunt brochure/permit.

(v) We prohibit spring and fall gun hunting for turkey.

(vi) You may use only shotguns with rifled slugs, muzzleloaders, and legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the Farm Unit.

(vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, except for stands used by quota gun deer hunt permit holders (fee/signature required), which you must remove by the last day of the quota gun deer hunt. You must remove all stands on the remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.

(viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on all refuge lands.

(ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-way.

(x) We allow only quota gun deer hunt permit holders on the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt and only for the purposes of deer hunting. We close the refuge to all other entry and public use during the quota gun deer hunt.

(xi) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and hunting from November 15 to February 28, except for quota gun deer hunt permit holders who may hunt in the sanctuary when the season overlaps with these dates.

(xii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and remain until 1 hour after legal shooting time.

(xiii) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun and muzzleloader deer hunts and as governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(viii) of this section applies.

(ii) Anglers may enter the refuge beginning 1/2 hour before legal sunrise and must exit by 1 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(b) Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, nutria, coyote, beaver, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge hunt permits. The permits (found on the front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit—signature required) are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iii) We allow take of nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge hunt with the device allowed for that hunt subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.

(iv) You may take opossum when hunting raccoon.

(v) We require dogs for hunting of raccoon and opossum after legal sunset.

(vi) When hunting, you may only use shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire cartridges.

(vii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or gravel road rights-of-way.

(viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/opossum hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i), (iii), and (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iii) Hunters may use only bows or crossbows.

(iv) Hunters may use only biodegradable materials to mark trails.

(v) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them 7 days after the closure of archery season (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.

(vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must leave 1 hour after legal sunset.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(2)(viii) of this section applies.

(ii) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.

(iii) We allow frogging from the beginning of the State frogging season through October 31.

(iv) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(c) Cache River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, snipe, woodcock, and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:Start Printed Page 47681

(i) We require refuge hunting permits. These permits (found on the front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit—signature required) are nontransferable, and anyone on the refuge in possession of hunting equipment must sign and carry the permit at all times.

(ii) With the exception of hunting for woodcock, we prohibit migratory game bird hunting after 12 p.m. (noon) during the regular State waterfowl hunting season.

(iii) You must remove decoys, blinds, boats, and all other equipment by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) Waterfowl hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and hunt until 12 p.m. (noon).

(v) Boats displaying valid registration may be left on the refuge from March 1 through October 31. We prohibit boats on the refuge from 12 a.m. (midnight) to 4 a.m. during duck season.

(vi) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.

(vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on flooded refuge roads.

(viii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, quail, raccoon, opossum, beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (v), and (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow squirrel hunting September 1 through February 28, except for refuge-wide season closure during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iii) We allow rabbit and quail hunting as governed by the State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting upland game. We require the use of dogs when hunting raccoon and opossum at night, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise.

(v) You may take beaver, muskrat, nutria, armadillo, and coyote during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.

(vi) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled refuge roads except by waterfowl hunters during flooded conditions.

(vii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire cartridges when hunting.

(viii) We limit nighttime use, 30 minutes after legal sunset to 30 minutes before legal sunrise, to fishing, frogging, and/or raccoon/opossum hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (viii) and (c)(2)(v) and (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery/crossbow deer hunting as governed by the State season, except for season closure of the refuge during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iii) Muzzleloader hunting season for deer will begin in October and will continue for a period of up to 9 days, with annual season dates and bag limits provided on the hunt brochure/permit.

(iv) Modern gun deer hunting will begin in November and continue for a period of up to 11 days, with annual season dates and bag limits provided in the refuge hunt brochure/permit.

(v) Hunters may take feral hog only during the quota gun and muzzleloader deer hunts and as governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations

(vi) Hunters may only use shotguns with rifled slugs, muzzleloaders, or legal pistols for modern gun deer hunting on the Dixie Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary, adjacent waterfowl hunt area, and Plunkett Farm Unit Waterfowl Sanctuary.

(vii) We allow only portable stands. Hunters may erect stands 7 days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the waterfowl sanctuaries prior to November 15, and from the rest of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit leaving any tree stand, ground blind, or game camera on the refuge without the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number clearly written on it in a conspicuous location.

(viii) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on all refuge lands.

(ix) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-way.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(v) and (c)(2)(viii) of this section apply.

(ii) We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all entry and fishing/frogging from November 15 to February 28. We prohibit refuge-wide entry and fishing during the quota gun deer hunt.

(iii) We prohibit the take or possession of turtles and/or mollusks (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(d) Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require an annual public use permit (signed brochure) to hunt and fish.

(ii) We allow duck hunting from legal shooting hours until 12 p.m. (noon).

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when migratory game bird hunting.

(iv) You must remove blinds, blind material, and decoys from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(v) Waterfowl hunters may enter the North Unit no earlier than 8 p.m. the day prior to the hunt. Waterfowl hunters may enter the Jack's Bay Hunt Area and Levee Hunt Area no earlier than 4 a.m.

(vi) We prohibit boating from November 1 through January 31 in the South Unit Waterfowl Hunt Areas, except from 4 a.m. to 1 p.m. on designated waterfowl hunt days.

(vii) We allow duck hunting on outlying-tracts; paragraph (d)(1)(v) of this section applies.

(viii) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for wildlife-dependent hunting and fishing activities. We prohibit the use of ATVs after December 15 each year in designated South Unit areas as shown in refuge user brochure.

(ix) We prohibit the use of decoys that contain moving parts or electrical components, except that you may use manually operated jerk strings to simulate decoy movement.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and all furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on the North Unit from September 1 through January 31.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit and squirrel from December 1 through January 31 on the North Unit only.

(iv) We allow rabbit and squirrel hunting on the South Unit from September 1 through November 30.

(v) We allow furbearer (as governed by State law) hunting. The annual public use permit (signed brochure) provides season dates and methods.

(vi) We allow the use of dogs for hunting furbearers from legal sunset to legal sunrise. Hunters must tether or pen all dogs used for furbearer hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset and any time they are not involved in actual hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the Start Printed Page 47682refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) Archery deer seasons on the North Unit are from October 1 through January 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts, when the archery season is closed.

(iii) Archery deer seasons on the South Unit are from October 1 through December 31 except during quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts, when the archery season is closed.

(iv) Muzzleloader season for deer will begin in October and will continue for a period of up to 3 days of quota hunting in the North and South Units, and no more than 4 days of non-quota hunting in the North Unit.

(v) The gun deer hunt will begin in November and will continue for a period of no more than 3 days of quota hunting in the North and South Units, and no more than 2 days of non-quota hunting in the North Unit.

(vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System). The permits are nontransferable and nonrefundable.

(vii) We close the refuge to all non-quota hunting during refuge-wide quota muzzleloader and quota gun deer hunts.

(viii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(ix) We prohibit firearm deer hunting from or across roads, ATV trails, levees, and maintained utility rights-of-way.

(x) You may only use portable deer stands. You may erect stands up to 7 days before each hunt, but you must remove them within 7 days after each hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter). All unattended deer stands on the refuge must have the owner's hunting license number clearly displayed.

(xi) We close the Kansas Lake Area to all entry on December 1 and reopen it on March 1.

(xii) We prohibit the possession of buckshot on the refuge.

(xiii) We prohibit the possession and/or use of toxic shot by hunters using shotguns (see § 32.2(k)) when hunting deer or turkey.

(xiv) Hunters who are hunting deer during a firearm season may kill feral hogs with weapons legal for those seasons. Feral hogs may be taken incidentally with archery equipment from November 1 through December 31.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) We allow fishing year-round in LaGrue, Essex, Prairie, Scrubgrass and Brooks Bayous, Big Island Chute, Moon, and Belknap Lakes next to Arkansas Highway 1, Indian Bay, the Arkansas Post Canal and adjacent drainage ditches; borrow ditches located adjacent to the west bank of that portion of the White River Levee north of the Graham Burke pumping station; and all waters in the refuge-owned North Unit and scattered tracts. We open all other South Unit refuge waters to sport fishing from March 1 through November 30 unless posted otherwise.

(iii) We allow frogging on all refuge-owned waters open for sport fishing as follows: We allow frogging on the South Unit from the beginning of the State season through November 30; we allow frogging on the North Unit for the entire State season.

(iv) We prohibit all commercial and recreational harvest of turtle on all property administered by Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge.

(v) We prohibit take or possession of any freshwater mussel, and we do not open to mussel shelling.

(e) Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot during the State waterfowl season except during scheduled refuge quota gun deer hunts.

(ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.

(iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove all duck hunting equipment (portable blinds, boats, guns, and decoys) from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We close areas of the refuge posted with “Area Closed” signs and identify them on the refuge hunt brochure map as a waterfowl sanctuary. We close waterfowl sanctuaries to all public entry and public use during the waterfowl hunting season.

(v) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge public use regulations brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(vi) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older, who possesses a valid state hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than two youth hunters.

(vii) We allow only all-terrain vehicles/utility-type vehicles (ATVs/UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.

(viii) You may use horses and mules on roads and ATV/UTV trails (when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a mode of transportation for hunting and fishing activities on the refuge except during the quota deer hunts.

(ix) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).

(x) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit.

(xi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(xii) We prohibit leaving any boat on the refuge. You must remove boat(s) at the end of each day's hunt.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (ix) and (xi) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting for quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on the refuge during State seasons through January 31. We close upland game hunting during refuge quota gun deer hunts.

(iii) We do not open for spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/early fall raccoon hunting season.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from December 1 through January 31 and for quail and raccoon/opossum hunting during the open season on the refuge for these species.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v) through (ix) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening of the State season through January 31.

(iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer hunts.

(iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the October State muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The refuge will conduct one 4-day quota modern gun Start Printed Page 47683hunt for deer, typically in November. The refuge also may conduct one mobility-impaired hunt for deer typically in early November.

(v) Total deer harvested refuge-wide is two deer (two does, or one buck and one doe, as governed by State law) regardless of method.

(vi) During the deer and turkey hunts, hunters may possess lead ammunition legal for taking deer and turkey. We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.

(vii) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than the opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later than January 31 each year (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).

(ix) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State spring turkey season. We do not open for fall archery turkey season.

(x) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey quota gun hunts.

(xi) We restrict quota hunt participants to those selected for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System), except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license must accompany the youth hunter age 15 and younger.

(xii) An adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license must accompany and be within sight and normal voice contact of hunters age 15 and younger. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.

(xiii) We authorize the use of tree stands, ground blinds, and game cameras on the refuge if the owner's State hunting license number is clearly written on them in a conspicuous location. You must remove game cameras from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.

(xiv) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn for a quota permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System). These permits are nontransferable, and the permit fees are nonrefundable.

(xv) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, frogging, and crawfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(v), (vi), and (xii) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl sanctuary area when the sanctuary is closed, with the exception of the main channel of the Ouachita and Saline Rivers and the borrow pits along Highway 82. We post the waterfowl sanctuary area with “Area Closed” signs and identify those areas in refuge hunt brochures.

(iii) We allow fishing only in areas accessible from the Ouachita and Saline Rivers and from Eagle, Jones, and Pereogeethe Lakes during the refuge quota gun deer hunts.

(iv) You must reset trotlines when receding water levels expose them.

(f) Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, and bobcat on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge hunting permits (found on the front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit—signature required). The permits are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting equipment must sign and carry a permit at all times. Your hunt permit will also act as your entrance pass to the refuge.

(ii) During the refuge archery season, you may take only squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, opossum, beaver, armadillo, coyote, or bobcat.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when gun hunting raccoon and opossum every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday until legal sunrise during the month of February.

(iv) We only allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) for hunters and anglers with disabilities. We require a refuge ATV permit (Special Use Permit; FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.

(v) We allow the use of nonmotorized boats during the refuge fishing/boating season (March 1 through October 31), but hunters must remove boats at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(i), (iv), and (v) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery/crossbow hunting for white-tailed deer and turkey.

(iii) The refuge will conduct one youth-only (between ages 6 and 15 at the beginning of the gun deer season in Zone 7) quota gun deer hunt. We restrict hunt participants to those selected for a quota permit (electronic form), except that one nonhunting adult must accompany the youth hunter during the youth hunt.

(iv) We open spring archery turkey hunting during the State turkey season.

(v) We close the refuge to all entry and public use during scheduled youth quota gun hunts, except for those allowed to participate in the youth quota gun hunt.

(vi) The refuge will conduct two youth-only (age 6 to 15 at the beginning of the spring turkey season) quota spring gun turkey hunts, each 2 days in length. We restrict hunt participants to those selected for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older must accompany the youth hunter during the youth hunt.

(vii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days before the start of the season and must remove the stands from the refuge within 7 days after the season ends (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(viii) You must permanently affix the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number to all tree stands, ground blinds, and game cameras on the refuge.

(ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(x) You must check all game at the refuge check station.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and frogging on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(2)(iv) and (f)(3)(v) of this section apply.

(ii) We open the waters of the refuge to fishing only from March 1 through October 31 from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) Anglers must remove boats from the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We prohibit the take and possession of turtles and/or mollusks (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(g) Overflow National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of Start Printed Page 47684the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(ii) Hunting of duck, goose, and coot ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.

(iii) We allow only portable blinds. Hunters must remove portable blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles (UTVs) for hunting activities.

(v) You may use horses on roads and ATV/UTV trails (when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a mode of transportation for hunting activities on the refuge.

(vi) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).

(vii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition legal for that hunt. There is no bag limit. We prohibit transportation or possession of live hog.

(viii) We allow boats on the refuge between the hours of 4 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. during waterfowl season.

(ix) Hunters may not enter the refuge until 4 a.m., with the exception of designated parking areas.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting during State seasons for quail, squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) through January 31. State regulations governing appropriate zones apply.

(iii) We do not open for the spring squirrel hunting season or the summer/fall raccoon hunting season.

(iv) When upland game hunting, we prohibit possession of lead ammunition except that you may possess rimfire rifle lead ammunition no larger than .22 caliber.

(v) We allow the use of dogs for squirrel and rabbit hunting from December 1 through January 31, and for quail and raccoon/opossum hunting during the open season on the refuge for these species.

(vi) We allow nighttime raccoon and opossum hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting during the first State muzzleloader season for this zone. State regulations governing appropriate zones apply.

(iii) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.

(iv) The bag limit for the muzzleloader deer hunt is two deer, with no more than one buck.

(v) You may only use portable deer stands erected no earlier than the opening day of archery season, and you must remove them no later than January 31 each year (see § 27.93 of this chapter). The limit is one deer stand, blind, etc., per person.

(vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).

(vii) We restrict quota hunt participants on these hunts to those selected for a quota permit (electronic form), except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older and possessing a valid hunting license must accompany a youth hunter age 15 or younger.

(viii) The incidental taking of feral hogs will be governed by Arkansas Game and Fish Commission regulations concerning the taking of feral hogs on State Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Subject to State regulations, we allow incidental take of feral hogs on State WMAs during daytime refuge hunts (without the use of dogs) with legal hunting equipment and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit. We prohibit transport or possession of live hogs.

(4) [Reserved]

(h) Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We close migratory game bird hunting during scheduled quota refuge gun deer hunts.

(ii) Hunting ends at 12 p.m. (noon) each day.

(iii) We allow only portable blinds. You must remove portable blinds, boats, and decoys from the hunt area by 1:30 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) You must possess and carry a refuge public use regulations brochure/access permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(v) We allow only all-terrain vehicles (ATVs)/utility-type vehicles (UTVs) for hunting and fishing activities.

(vi) You may use horses and mules only on roads and ATV/UTV trails (when open to motor vehicle and ATV/UTV traffic, respectively) as a mode of transportation for on-refuge hunting and fishing activities, except during refuge muzzleloader and quota deer hunts.

(vii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of roads and trails open to motor vehicle use (including ATV/UTV trails).

(viii) You may take beaver, nutria, and coyote during any daytime refuge hunt with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. We prohibit the use of dogs to take these species. There is no bag limit.

(ix) We allow the use of dogs when waterfowl hunting.

(x) We authorize the use of tree stands, game cameras, and boats while hunting and fishing on the refuge. The owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number must be affixed to, or clearly written on, them in a conspicuous manner.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers (as governed by State law) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting on the refuge during State seasons for this zone for squirrel, rabbit, and furbearers through January 31. We list specific hunting season dates annually in the refuge hunt brochure. We close upland game hunting during refuge quota deer hunts.

(ii) We do not open to spring squirrel hunting season, or summer/early fall raccoon hunting season.

(iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through (viii) of this section apply.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum hunting from the opening of hunting season through January 31.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow archery deer hunting on the refuge from the opening of the State season through January 31. State regulations governing appropriate zones apply.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through (viii) of this section apply.

(iii) We close archery deer hunting during the quota gun deer hunts.

(iv) We allow muzzleloader deer hunting for the first 5 days of the early State muzzleloader season for this deer management zone. The bag limit for the refuge muzzleloader hunt is two deer, with no more than one buck.

(v) We prohibit buckshot for gun deer hunting.Start Printed Page 47685

(vi) We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn for a quota permit. These permits are nontransferable, and permit fees are nonrefundable.

(vii) The quota gun deer hunt bag limit is two deer, with no more than one buck (one buck and one doe). Exception: Youth hunters participating in the refuge youth deer hunt and hunters participating in the refuge mobility-impaired hunt may harvest the legal State bag limit without antler restrictions.

(viii) We do not open for fall archery turkey season.

(ix) We close spring archery turkey hunting during scheduled turkey quota permit gun hunts.

(x) You may use only portable deer stands erected no sooner than 2 days before the opening of the State deer season, and you must remove them no later than January 31 each year (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(xi) We prohibit the use of deer decoy(s).

(xii) We restrict hunt participants during quota hunts to those selected for a quota permit, except that one nonhunting adult age 21 or older and possessing a valid hunting license must accompany a youth hunter.

(xiii) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, boats, or game cameras on the refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number is affixed to, or clearly written on, them in a conspicuous location.

(xiv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(xv) We prohibit all public use, except fishing and access for fishing, during quota hunts.

(xvi) We allow the taking of feral hogs on the refuge only during the muzzleloader and modern gun quota permit deer hunts and with weapons and ammunition allowed for that hunt. There is no bag limit. You may not transport or possess live hogs.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing, frogging, and the taking of crawfish on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must reset trotlines when exposed by receding water levels.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(iv) through (viii) and (x) of this section apply.

(iii) We prohibit taking or possessing turtles or mollusks (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(i) Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of snow goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge hunting permits. The permits (found on the front cover of the annual hunt brochure/permit—signature required) are nontransferable, and anyone on refuge land in possession of hunting equipment must sign and carry them at all times.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must leave the refuge by 1 hour after legal sunset.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, nutria, beaver, coyote, feral hog, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) You may use only shotguns and rifles chambered for rimfire cartridges when hunting.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(iv) You may take nutria, beaver, and coyote during any refuge hunt with those weapons legal during those hunts, subject to applicable State seasons and regulations.

(v) You may take feral hog only during the refuge quota gun deer hunt and as governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations.

(vi) We limit nighttime hunting to raccoon/opossum hunting.

(vii) We close all other hunts during the quota gun deer hunt. We allow only quota gun deer hunt permit (fee/signature required) holders to enter the refuge during this hunt and only for deer hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(i) through (iii) and (i)(2)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit hunting from mowed and/or graveled road rights-of-way.

(iii) We allow only portable deer stands. You may erect stands 7 days prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the waterfowl sanctuaries by December 1. You must remove all stands on the remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We prohibit the possession or use of buckshot for hunting on all refuge lands.

(v) We allow tree stands, ground blinds, and game cameras on the refuge only if the owner's Arkansas Game and Fish customer identification number is clearly written on them in a conspicuous location.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 31 from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit the possession or use of yo-yos, jugs, or other floating containers; drops or limb lines; trotlines; and commercial fishing tackle.

(iii) We allow bank fishing.

(iv) We prohibit the take or possession of frogs, mollusks, and/or turtles (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(v) Anglers may launch boats only in designated areas.

(vi) Anglers must remove all boats from the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit airboats, personal watercraft, and hovercraft.

California.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Cibola National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.22(d) for regulations.

(b) Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of pronghorn antelope only on the controlled “U” Unit of the refuge subject to the following condition: You may hunt only in the unit for 9 consecutive days beginning on the first Saturday following the third Wednesday in August.

(4) [Reserved]

(c) Colusa National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the refuge no later than 11/2 hours after legal sunset unless participating in an authorized overnight stay.

(ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit bicycles and Start Printed Page 47686other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.

(v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.

(vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger than 12 gauge.

(vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel “T” (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild turkey only in the free-roam areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.

(ii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.

(iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (viii) of this section apply.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(d) Delevan National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the refuge no later than 11/2 hours after legal sunset unless participating in an authorized overnight stay.

(ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.

(v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.

(vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger than 12 gauge.

(vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel “T” (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).

(ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from the area.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(iii) through (viii) of this section apply.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(e) Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(ii) During the 2 weeks before the opening of the hunt season, you may bring a boat into Ponds AB1, A2E, AB2, A3N, A3W, A5, A7, and A8N, and moor it at a designated site. You may use your boat to access the hunting ponds, and you may leave your boat on the refuge during the hunt season. You must remove your boat within 2 weeks following the close of the hunt season. We allow nonmotorized boats and motorized boats powered by electric, gasoline direct fuel injection 2-stroke, or 4-stroke gasoline motors only.

(iii) You may maintain an existing blind in the ponds open to hunting if you have a refuge permit (name and signature required), but the blind will be open for general use on a first-come, first-served basis.

(iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property, except personal boats, from the refuge by legal sunset (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(v) You may enter closed areas of the refuge to retrieve downed birds, provided you leave all weapons in a legal hunting area.

(vi) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(viii) At the Ravenswood Unit only, we only allow portable blinds or construction of temporary blinds made from natural materials.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We close Mallard Slough to boats from March 1 through August 31, and we close Mowry Slough from March 15 to June 15.

(ii) We open designated fishing areas from legal sunrise to legal sunset each day.

(iii) We prohibit the collection of bait of any type from the refuge except from the Dumbarton Fishing Pier, where it is legal to collect bait for noncommercial purposes.

(iv) We prohibit the use of balloons to float hooks and bait farther than hand casting.

(f) Havasu National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.22(e) for regulations.

(g) Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(ii) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting areas (i.e., all hunt areas except Salmon Creek Unit).

(iii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, and other personal equipment and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(v) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we allow hunting on Tuesdays and Saturdays (except Federal holidays), and hunters must possess and carry a valid daily refuge permit. We issue refuge permits prior to each hunt by random drawing of names conducted at the check station 11/2 hours before legal shooting time. Shooting time ends at 3 p.m. Hunters drawn for a blind must completely fill out a Refuge Hunt Permit, which includes a “Record of Harvest” section. Each hunter must possess and carry the Refuge Hunt Permit/Record of Harvest (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) document while on the refuge and turn in a complete Record of Harvest at the check station before leaving the hunt area.

(vi) On the Salmon Creek Unit, you may possess shot shells in quantities of 25 or fewer per hunter, per day.

(vii) On the Salmon Creek Unit, we restrict hunters to within 100 feet (30 meters) of the assigned hunt site except for when placing and retrieving decoys, retrieving downed birds, or traveling to and from the parking area.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge Start Printed Page 47687subject to the following condition: We allow fishing from the designated shoreline trail and dock (for nonmotorized boats only) at the Hookton Slough Unit from legal sunrise to legal sunset, only using pole and line or rod and reel.

(h) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.22(f) for regulations.

(i) Kern National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters assigned to the spaced blind unit must remain within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of the numbered steel post (blind site) except when pursuing crippled birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from the parking area.

(ii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(iii) We allow only nonmotorized boats.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated areas of the refuge.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(j) Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(ii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the hunting season. Reservations are obtained through the waterfowl lottery each year.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise posted.

(iv) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all California portions of the refuge with the following exceptions:

(A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.

(B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.

(v) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.

(vi) Pit-style hunting blinds located in the Stearns units and unit 9D are first-come, first-served. We require you to hunt within a 200-foot (61-meter) radius of the blind.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In the controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older. All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(k) Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing from boats on designated areas of the refuge.

(l) Merced National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(ii) Each hunter must remain inside his or her assigned blind, except for when placing decoys, retrieving downed birds, and traveling to and from the parking area. We prohibit shooting from outside the blind.

(iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the Lonetree Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve crippled birds.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(2)-(4) [Reserved]

(m) Modoc National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) On the opening weekend of the hunting season, hunters must possess and carry a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) issued through random drawing to hunters with advance reservations only.

(ii) After the opening weekend of the hunting season, we only allow hunting on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Hunters must check-in and out of the refuge by using self-service permits (FWS Form 3-2405, Self-Clearing Check-in/out Permit). Hunters must completely fill out the “Refuge Hunt Permit” portion of the permit and deposit it in the drop box prior to hunting. The hunter must possess and carry the “Record of Kill” portion of the permit while on the refuge and turn it in prior to exiting the hunting area.

(iii) In the designated spaced blind area, you must remain within the blind assigned to you.

(iv) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(v) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(vi) You may only use portable blinds in the free-roam hunting areas.

(vii) You must remove all blinds, decoys, shell casings, other personal equipment, and refuse from the refuge at the end of each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(viii) Hunters must enter and exit the hunting area from the two designated hunt parking lots, which we open 11/2 hours before legal sunrise and close 1 hour after legal sunset each hunt day.

(ix) We only allow access to the hunt area by foot, bicycle, and nonmotorized cart. We prohibit bicycles in the hunt area during the opening weekend of the hunting season.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We limit hunting to junior hunters, age 15 or younger, possessing a valid State Junior Hunting License and refuge Junior Pheasant Hunt Permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing only on Dorris Reservoir subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit fishing from February 1 through September 30.

(ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) We allow only walk-in access to Dorris Reservoir from February 1 through March 31.

(iv) We allow use of boats for fishing on Dorris Reservoir only from April 1 through September 30.

(n) Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the refuge no later than 11/2 hours after legal sunset unless participating in an authorized overnight stay.

(ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence Start Printed Page 47688of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.

(v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.

(vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger than 12 gauge.

(vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel “T” (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).

(ix) We restrict hunters assigned to the spaced blind area to within 100 feet (30.5 meters) of their assigned hunt site except for when retrieving downed birds, placing decoys, or traveling to and from the area.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant and wild turkey in designated areas on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow pheasant hunting in the assigned pond/spaced blind area during a special 1-day-only pheasant hunt on the first Monday after the opening of the State pheasant hunting season.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(iii) through (ix) of this section apply.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(o) Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Access to the hunt area on all units open to public hunting is by boat only, except on designated units, which are accessible by foot traffic or boat. We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(ii) On the Codora Unit, we prohibit hunting except for junior hunters on weekends only. Junior hunters must possess a valid junior hunting license and be accompanied by a nonhunting adult.

(iii) We allow only shotgun hunting.

(iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 meters) of any landward boundary adjacent to private property.

(v) We allow the use of dogs only when hunting migratory birds and upland game birds.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, turkey, and quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow only shotgun and archery hunting.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), (iv), and (v) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(i), (ii), and (iv) and (o)(2)(i) of this section apply.

(ii) You may hunt feral hogs from September 1 through March 15.

(iii) We prohibit the use of dogs while hunting black-tailed deer and feral hogs.

(iv) We allow the use of only shotguns firing single non-lead shotgun slugs, and archery equipment. We prohibit the use or possession of rifles and pistols on the refuge for hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(p) Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(ii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl.

(iv) You must remove all decoys and other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2)-(4) [Reserved]

(q) San Luis National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(ii) You must return your permits (state-issued) to the check stations immediately upon completion of your hunt and prior to using any tour routes or leaving the refuge vicinity.

(iii) We restrict hunters in the spaced blind area to their assigned blind except when they are placing decoys, traveling to and from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled birds.

(iv) We restrict hunters in the spaced zone area of the East Bear Creek Unit to their assigned zone except when they are traveling to and from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or pursuing crippled birds.

(v) Access to the Freitas Unit free-roam hunting area is by boat only with a maximum of 5 miles per hour (mph). We prohibit air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats.

(vi) We require State-issued Type A area permits for access on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.

(vii) We prohibit the use of motorized boats in the free-roam units with the exception of the Freitas Unit.

(viii) We prohibit vehicle trailers of any type or size to be in the refuge hunt areas at any time or to be left unattended at any location on the refuge.

(ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated areas of the refuge.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow fishing during normal refuge visitation hours in designated areas as posted.

(ii) We only allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel to take fish, and anglers must attend their equipment at all times.

(r) San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may only hunt from a boat. We prohibit walk-in hunting on the refuge.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant only in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may only hunt on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only with a pole and line or rod and reel. We prohibit bow fishing and gigging.

(s) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of Start Printed Page 47689goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters using the Union Tract must use goose decoys.

(ii) You must hunt from assigned blinds on the Union Tract and within 100 feet (30 meters) of blind sites on the Hazard Tract, except when shooting to retrieve crippled birds.

(iii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We only allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from April 1 through September 30.

(ii) We only allow boat fishing.

(t) Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and moorhen on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting on Sun River Unit only on Wednesdays and Saturdays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon).

(ii) We will select hunters through a random drawing process (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) conducted at the refuge. Hunters should bring a copy of their refuge notification on the day of their hunt. Hunters should contact the refuge manager for additional information.

(iii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iv) We prohibit bicycles or other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should contact the refuge manager regarding allowed conveyances.

(v) We restrict hunters to their assigned spaced-blind except when they are placing or retrieving decoys, traveling to and from the parking area, retrieving downed birds, or shooting to retrieve crippled birds

(vi) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(vii) We allow only nonmotorized boats to access water blinds.

(viii) You must remove all decoys, personal equipment, shotshell hulls, and refuse from the refuge by 12:30 p.m. (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ix) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit fishing from the bank.

(ii) We prohibit the take of native reptiles and amphibians (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(u) Sutter National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must return the State-issued entry permit and vacate the refuge no later than 11/2 hours after legal sunset unless participating in an authorized overnight stay.

(ii) All hunters age 15 and younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iii) Access to the hunt area is by foot traffic only. We prohibit bicycles and other conveyances. Mobility-impaired hunters should consult with the refuge manager for allowed conveyances.

(iv) You may enter or exit only at designated locations.

(v) The firearms used for hunting must remain unloaded until you are in designated free-roam areas or assigned pond/blind areas.

(vi) Hunters may use shotguns only. We prohibit shotguns larger than 12 gauge.

(vii) You may not possess more than 25 shot shells while in the field once you have left your assigned parking lot or boat launch.

(viii) You may not possess shot size larger than BB, except steel “T” (0.20-inch (0.5-centimeter) diameter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We only allow hunting of pheasant and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i) through (viii) of this section apply.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(v) Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, moorhen, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area, we require a valid Refuge Recreation Pass (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older.

(ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(iii) We require advance reservations for the first 2 days of the hunting season. You may obtain a reservation through the waterfowl lottery each year.

(iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4:30 a.m. unless otherwise posted.

(v) Shooting hours end at 1 p.m. on all portions of the refuge with the following exceptions:

(A) The refuge manager may designate up to 6 afternoon special youth, ladies, veteran, or disabled hunter waterfowl hunts per season.

(B) The refuge manager may designate up to 3 days per week of afternoon waterfowl hunting for the general public after December 1.

(vi) You select blind sites by lottery at the beginning of each hunt day. You may shoot only from within your assigned blind site.

(vii) We prohibit the setting of decoys in retrieving zones.

(viii) We prohibit air-thrust and inboard water-thrust boats while hunting. We prohibit the use of all-terrain amphibious or utility-type vehicles (UTVs) in wetland units.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) In the controlled pheasant hunting area, we require a valid permit (available electronically or in person at the refuge office) for all hunters age 16 or older.

(ii) All hunters age 15 or younger must remain in the immediate presence of an adult (age 18 or older) at all times while in the field.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

Colorado.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the mourning dove season.

(ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held bows, and hawking/falconry.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and black-tailed and whitetailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas of the refuge.Start Printed Page 47690

(4) [Reserved]

(b) Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, merganser, Canada goose, snipe, Virginia and Sora rail, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) All migratory bird hunting closes annually on December 31.

(ii) We allow access to the refuge 1 hour prior to legal shooting time.

(iii) We allow use of only portable stands and blinds that the hunter must remove following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We prohibit hunting 200 feet (60 meters) from any public use road, designated parking area, or designated public use facility located within the hunt area.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of jackrabbit, cottontail rabbit, and sage grouse on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) All upland game hunting closes annually on December 31.

(ii) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of antelope and elk on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) Elk hunters:

(A) Must possess a refuge-specific permit (state-issued) to hunt elk; and

(B) Must attend a scheduled pre-hunt information meeting prior to hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit fishing between June 1 and July 31 each year.

(ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) We prohibit ice fishing on the refuge.

(iv) We close Unit C to fishing when the refuge is open to big game rifle hunting.

(v) We prohibit lead sinkers and live bait for fishing.

(c) Baca National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of Eurasian collared-dove and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the mourning dove season.

(ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held bows, and hawking/falconry.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Shotguns, rifles firing rimfire cartridges less than .23 caliber, hand-held bows, pellet guns, slingshots, and hawking/falconry are the only acceptable methods of take.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) [Reserved]

(d) Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer and elk on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(e) Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, snipe, Eurasian collared-dove, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow Eurasian collared-dove hunting only during the mourning dove season.

(ii) The only acceptable methods of take are shotguns, hand-held bows, and hawking/falconry.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, and black-tailed and white-tailed jackrabbit, on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) [Reserved]

(f) Rocky Mountain Arsenal. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing on Tuesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We allow fishing from the first Saturday in April through November 30.

(iii) All anglers age 16 and older must possess a signed refuge fishing permit (signed refuge fishing brochure) when fishing.

(iv) You must stop and pay the daily fishing recreation fee for each Colorado State licensed angler age 16 or older. Payments are made at self-service fishing fee stations, and you must display a receipt of payment or an annual pass while fishing. High school and college students can fish for free with a current student identification card.

(v) We allow bank fishing only at Lake Mary and Lake Ladora.

(vi) We allow wade fishing only in Lake Ladora after Memorial Day.

(vii) Each angler may use only one rod and reel or pole and line with one hook per line, except that we allow a second rod and reel or pole and line with one hook per line with a Colorado State-issued second rod stamp.

(viii) We only allow barbless hooks.

(ix) We only allow artificial lures and flies on Lake Ladora. We allow artificial lures and flies and artificial bait, cut bait, and food products only on Lake Mary.

(x) We prohibit the use of live bait on all refuge waters.

(xi) We only allow catch-and-release fishing.

(xii) We prohibit the possession and consumption of alcoholic beverages while fishing.

Connecticut.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow refuge access from 1/2 hour prior to legal sunrise until 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting waterfowl and upland game species.

(iii) We only allow the use of temporary tree stands and blinds, which must be removed at the end of each hunt day. All tree stands and blinds must have the name and telephone number of the owner clearly printed in an easily readable area.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.Start Printed Page 47691

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) We prohibit launching of motorboats from the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit the use of reptiles and amphibians as bait.

(b) Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and goose on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require hunters to obtain an annual Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) in advance for permission to hunt in the designated hunting area.

(ii) We will limit hunt days to Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays during the waterfowl hunting season as established by the State.

(2)-(4) [Reserved]

Delaware.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:

(i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except on the South Upland Hunting Area.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and upland game species.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel, cottontail rabbit, ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) except on the South Upland Hunting Area.

(ii) In the Headquarters Deer Hunt Area, you may hunt only from a designated stand, unless you are actively tracking or retrieving wounded deer.

(4) [Reserved]

(b) Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow the hunting of waterfowl, coot, mourning dove, snipe, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) for waterfowl hunting except in designated walk-in areas. You must obtain a refuge permit from the refuge office or website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.

(ii) You must complete and return a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361), available at the refuge administration office or on the refuge's website, within 15 days of the close of the season.

(iii) You may access the Lottery Waterfowl Hunt Area by boat.

(iv) We allow hunting of waterfowl in the Disabled Waterfowl Draw Area subject to the following condition: We do not allow assistants to enter a designated disabled hunting area unless they are accompanied by a certified disabled hunter.

(v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and upland game species.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, quail, pheasant, and red fox on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(v) of this section applies.

(ii) You must obtain a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(ii) Hunting on the headquarters deer hunt area will be by lottery. You must obtain and possess a refuge permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) from the refuge office or website and have the permit in your possession while hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) On Turkle and Fleetwood ponds, we allow boats only with electric trolling motors.

(ii) You must attend all crabbing and fishing gear at all times.

(iii) You must remove all personal property at the end of each day's fishing activity (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

Florida.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge waterfowl hunt permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(ii) We do not open to hunting on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Christmas Day.

(iii) We allow hunting on the refuge from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1 p.m. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must be off the refuge by 3 p.m.

(iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the Headquarters Area (Boynton Beach) and the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton).

(v) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.

(vi) Hunters must remove decoys and other personal property from the hunting area at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vii) Hunters must complete a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) and place it in an entrance fee canister each day prior to exiting the refuge.

(viii) All youth hunters age 15 and younger must be supervised by a licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the adult while hunting. Youth hunters must have completed a hunter education course.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of alligator on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge alligator hunt permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(ii) We allow hunting on the refuge 1 hour before sunset on Friday night through 1 hour after sunrise Saturday morning, and 1 hour before sunset on Saturday night through 1 hour after Start Printed Page 47692sunrise Sunday morning. We allow alligator hunting the first 2 weekends during Harvest Period 1 (August) and the first 2 weekends during Harvest Period 2 (September). Following the close of Harvest Period 2, the remaining weekends in October will be open for alligator harvest permittees who possess unused CITES tags (OMB Control No. 1018-0093). We provide specific dates for the alligator hunt on the harvest permit.

(iii) Youth age 17 and younger may not hunt, but may only accompany an adult age 21 or older who possesses an Alligator Trapping Agent License (state-issued).

(iv) Hunters may only enter and leave the refuge at the Hillsboro Area (Loxahatchee Road, Boca Raton).

(v) You may take alligators using hand-held snares, harpoons, gigs, snatch hooks, artificial lures, manually operated spears, spear guns, and crossbows. We prohibit the taking of alligators using baited hooks, baited wooden pegs, or firearms. We allow the use of bang sticks (a hand-held pole with a pistol or shotgun cartridge on the end in a very short barrel) with approved nontoxic ammunition (see § 32.2(k)) only for taking alligators attached to a restraining line. Once an alligator is captured, it must be killed immediately. We prohibit catch-and-release of alligators. Once the alligator is dead, you must lock a CITES tag through the skin of the carcass within 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) of the tip of the tail. The tag must remain attached to the alligator at all times.

(vi) Hunters must remove all personal property from the hunting area at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vii) We allow only one vessel per hunting group or party.

(viii) We allow only temporary blinds of native vegetation.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow the use of rods and reels and poles and lines, and anglers must attend them at all times.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of frogs and turtles (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We allow 12 fishing tournaments a year by Special Use Permit only (General Activities—Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).

(iv) We prohibit the possession or use of cast nets, seines, trot lines, jugs, gigs, and other fishing devices.

(v) Anglers may only launch boats at the Headquarters Area (Boynton Beach), the Hillsboro Area (Boca Raton), and 20 Mile Bend (West Palm Beach).

(vi) All youth anglers age 15 and younger must be supervised by a licensed and permitted adult age 21 or older, and must remain with the adult while fishing.

(b) Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater sport fishing year-round on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We close a 300-foot (90-meter (m)) buffer zone beginning at mean high tide line and extending into the waters around Snake Key to all public entry from March 1 through June 30 to protect nesting birds.

(ii) We conditionally open to public entry a 300-foot (90-m) buffer zone beginning at mean high tide line and extending into the waters around Seahorse Key from March 1 through June 30. Should birds nest in that area during that timeframe, we will close that area of Seahorse Key to public entry.

(c) Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow migratory game bird hunting in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) In Citrus County:

(A) You may take only ducks and coots.

(B) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays during those seasons established by the State of Florida.

(C) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory birds.

(D) We require hunters to possess and carry a signed, refuge hunting permit (signed brochure).

(E) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any residence or on navigable waterways of Chassahowitzka River, Seven Cabbage Cut-off, and Mason Creek.

(F) We allow temporary blinds and decoys, but you must remove all blinds and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ii) In Hernando County:

(A) All hunters in Hernando County must comply with the State of Florida Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations.

(B) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C), (D), and (F) of this section apply.

(C) We allow hunting of geese, duck, and coot only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.

(D) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of any residence.

(2) Upland game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote, skunk, and nutria as governed by State of Florida Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i)(C) through (F) and (c)(1)(ii)(D) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit the use of traps or snares to take game.

(iii) You may take feral hog, opossum, armadillo, beaver, coyote, skunk, and nutria as incidental species with the equipment legal for use during the season.

(3) Big game hunting. In Hernando County, we allow hunting of whitetail deer and turkey, as governed by State of Florida Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area regulations and subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing 24 hours per day, year-round, except in areas posted closed.

(ii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of frogs, horseshoe crabs, turtles, and snakes (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We permit commercial activities, including guiding, with a Special Use Permit (Commercial Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-C). You must apply for the permit.

(d) Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Anglers may only use two poles per angler and must attend both poles at all times.

(e) Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We allow salt-water fishing along the Atlantic Ocean and Indian River Lagoon year-round as governed by State recreational fishing regulations.

(iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels and poles and lines, and anglers must attend them at all times.

(iv) We allow only two poles per angler, and anglers must attend those poles at all times in conjunction with the Martin County, Florida, two-pole ordinance.

Start Printed Page 47693

(f) J. N. “Ding” Darling National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the take of crabs with the use of dip nets only.

(ii) All anglers must exit refuge lands and waters no later than 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) We prohibit the possession and use of seines or trot lines.

(iv) We prohibit the use of cast nets from the left (south) side of Wildlife Drive or any water control structure, bridge, boardwalk, or rip rap affixed to Wildlife Drive.

(v) All fish must remain in whole condition until removed from refuge lands and waters, except for fish caught and landed by individuals using the services of the refuge concessionaire at the Tarpon Bay recreation area. Those fish may be cleaned at the designated fish cleaning station in the concession area.

(vi) We prohibit the use of bows and spears from Wildlife Drive or any trail or structure affixed to Wildlife Drive.

(g) Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a valid Lake Woodruff Quota Hunt Permit, which can be purchased through the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and a valid Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge hunt permit (signed annual hunt brochure), which is free and nontransferable.

(ii) All hunters must be on stands or in blinds during deer hunts.

(iii) We prohibit scouting in the hunt area during the quota hunt.

(iv) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge 2 hours prior to legal sunrise each hunting day. All hunters must leave the refuge within 2 hours of legal sunset.

(v) We allow stands or blinds to be set up 2 days prior to the permitted hunt, and you must remove them on or before the last day of your permitted hunt. You must clearly mark stands with the hunter's Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) permit number found on your hunting license. No more than one stand or blind per person may be on the refuge at any time, unless a permitted hunter is accompanied by a youth hunter. You must place the stand and/or blind for a youth hunter within sight and normal voice contact of the permitted hunter's stand and mark it with the adult permitted hunter's FWC permit number and the word “YOUTH.”

(vi) If you use flagging or other trail marking material, you must print your FWC permit number on each piece or marker. You may set up flagging and trail markers 2 days prior to the permitted hunt, and you must remove them on or before the last day of the permitted hunt.

(vii) You must check out any game taken during the hunts at a self-check station.

(viii) You may access the Western Unit only by boat.

(ix) Hunters age 15 and younger do not need a quota permit, but they must be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. Each adult may supervise one youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal voice contact of the youth hunter; the pair must share a single bag limit unless hunting during a designated family or youth hunt.

(x) We prohibit shotgun loads larger than #2 shot and slugs during turkey hunts.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow use of hook and line. We prohibit cast nets.

(ii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) We prohibit the use of snatch hooks in the refuge impoundments.

(h) Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require all hunters, age 16 or older, to purchase and possess a general refuge hunting permit through the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to hunt during all refuge hunts, unless otherwise exempt. We do not require youth hunters age 15 and younger to possess a general refuge hunting permit.

(ii) Every hunter must possess a signed refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit hunting from or within 150 feet (45 meters) of all refuge roads open to public vehicle travel.

(iv) An adult (parent or guardian) age 18 or older must supervise and must remain within sight of and in normal voice contact of a youth hunter, age 15 or younger. An adult may not supervise more than two youths. Youth hunters must meet State hunter-education requirements.

(v) Clothes-type pins or clips with reflective or colored markings can be used for the temporary marking of vegetation in order to identify a route of travel to or from a tree stand. You must remove these pins at the end of deer season (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter). Each clothes-type pin or clip must contain the hunting license number of the hunter.

(vi) You may leave a temporary tree stand on refuge property starting 1 week before archery season, but you must remove it by the last day of hog season. All tree stands left on the refuge within the hunt season must display the hunter's hunting license number legibly written on or attached to the stand. You may also use a temporary tree stand during small game season, but you must remove it by the last day of the small game season.

(vii) Hunters must be at their vehicles by 1 hour after legal shooting time.

(viii) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters) of any developed public recreation area, game check station, or gate.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, gray squirrel, armadillo, opossum, rabbit, raccoon, coyote, and beaver on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times. The refuge prints dates for all the refuge hunting seasons in the annual refuge hunt brochure (signed brochure).

(iii) We allow night hunting for raccoon and opossum from legal sunset until legal sunrise as governed by State regulations.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of big game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) through (viii) of this section apply.

(ii) During the refuge archery season, hunters may only use archery equipment, including crossbows, as governed by State archery regulations.

(iii) During the refuge muzzleloader season, hunters may only use muzzleloading firearms and archery equipment (see § 27.42 of this chapter) as governed by State muzzleloader regulations.

(iv) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(v) We allow hunting of deer (except spotted fawns), feral hog, gray squirrel, Start Printed Page 47694rabbit, armadillo, opossum, raccoon, beaver, and coyote during the archery season.

(vi) Hunters may take feral hog (no size or bag limit), and a maximum of two deer per day, during the family hunt, except only one deer may be antlerless for each day of the family and senior hunts.

(vii) Hunters must fill out a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) and check all game harvested during all deer and hog hunts.

(viii) Hunters may take only bearded turkeys and only during the State Zone C youth turkey hunts and spring turkey season.

(ix) Shooting hours for spring turkey begin 1/2 hour before legal sunrise and end at 1 p.m.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit taking of frogs and turtles (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) We prohibit the use or possession of alcohol while fishing on the refuge.

(i) Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, merganser, and coot in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a current, signed Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge hunt permit (signed brochure, non-transferable) at all times while hunting waterfowl on the refuge.

(ii) You must carry (or hunt within 30 yards of a hunter who possesses) a valid State-issued Merritt Island Waterfowl Quota Permit, while hunting in areas 1 or 4 from the beginning of the regular waterfowl season through the end of January. The Waterfowl Quota Permit can be used for a single party consisting of the permit holder and up to three guests. The permit holder must be present.

(iii) During the State's waterfowl season, we allow hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and the following Federal holidays: Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.

(iv) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded restricted areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

(v) We allow hunting of waterfowl on refuge-established hunt days from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must remove all equipment and check out at the refuge check station prior to 1 p.m. each day.

(vi) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. for the purpose of waterfowl hunting.

(vii) We require an adult, age 18 or older, to supervise hunters age 15 and younger. The adult must remain within sight and normal voice contact of the youth hunter.

(viii) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 25 feet (7.6 meters), or shooting from any portion, of a dike, dirt road, or railroad grade.

(ix) We prohibit hunting or shooting within 150 yards (135 meters) of SR 402, SR 406, or any paved road right-of-way. We prohibit shooting over any dike or roadway.

(x) You must leave the refuge by 1 p.m. Prior to that, you must stop at a posted refuge waterfowl check station and report statistical hunt information on the Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) to refuge personnel.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a State-issued Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge Big Game Quota Hunt Permit. The Quota Hunt Permit is a limited entry quota permit, is zone-specific, and is nontransferable.

(ii) You must have a valid signed Big Game Hunt Permit (signed annual hunt brochure).

(iii) We prohibit hunters entering the normal or expanded restricted areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

(iv) We allow hunting during a 3-day weekend within the State's deer season. Legal shooting hours are 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(v) Hunters possessing a valid permit may access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise and must leave the refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.

(vi) We prohibit hunting from refuge roads or within 100 yards of roads open to public vehicle traffic or within 200 yards of a building or KSC facility.

(vii) Each permitted hunter may have one adult guest and one youth hunter. All guests must remain within sight and normal voice contact. The party must share a single bag limit. Each adult may supervise one youth hunter and must remain within sight and normal voice contact. The pair must share a single bag limit unless hunting during a designated youth or family hunt.

(viii) You may set up stands or blinds up to 2 days prior to the permitted hunt; you must remove them on the last day of your permitted hunt. You must clearly mark stands and blinds with your Florida State customer identification (ID) number found on your hunting license. You may have no more than one stand or blind per person on the refuge at any time. You must place a stand or blind for a youth hunter within sight and normal voice contact of the supervisory hunter's stand and mark it with the supervisory hunter's Florida State customer ID number and the word “YOUTH.”

(ix) We prohibit all scouting in the hunt area during the quota hunt.

(x) If you use flagging or other trail-marking material, you must print your Florida State customer ID number on each piece or marker. You may set out flagging and trail markers up to 2 days prior to the permitted hunt, and you must remove them on the last day of the permitted hunt.

(xi) We allow hunters possessing a valid permit to scout within their permitted zones up to 7 days prior to their permitted hunts. You must carry your valid Quota Hunt Permit identifying the permitted hunt zone while scouting.

(xii) You must be on your stand or in your blind while hunting.

(xiii) We prohibit stalking or moving through the hunt area while hunting.

(xiv) You must be at your vehicle within 1 hour after legal shooting time. If you wish to track wounded game beyond 1 hour after legal sunset, you must gain consent from a Federal Wildlife Officer to do so.

(xv) We prohibit using dogs for tracking unless authorized by a Federal Wildlife Officer. Dogs must remain on a leash and be equipped with a GPS tracking device.

(xvi) You may field dress game; however, we prohibit cleaning game within 1,000 feet of any public area, road, game-check station, or gate. We prohibit dumping game carcasses on the refuge.

(xvii) Archery hunters must wear at least 500 square inches (3,226 square centimeters) of solid fluorescent-orange color while moving to and from their vehicles, while moving to their stands or hunting spots, and while tracking or dragging out game.

(xviii) There is no bag limit or size limit for the take of feral hogs.

(xix) You must report all hunting activities, including successful and non-successful hunts, at one of the two check stations prior to leaving the refuge.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing, crabbing, clamming, and shrimping on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess a current, signed refuge fishing permit (signed brochure) at all times while fishing on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit anglers entering the normal or expanded restricted areas of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).Start Printed Page 47695

(iii) We prohibit fishing after legal sunset or before legal sunrise, except that we allow fishing at night from a vessel in the open waters of Mosquito Lagoon, Indian River Lagoon, Banana River, and Haulover Canal.

(iv) You may launch boats for night fishing and boating activities only from Bair's Cove, Beacon 42, and Biolab boat ramps.

(v) We prohibit crabbing or fishing from Black Point Wildlife Drive or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife Drive except from L Pond Road.

(vi) We prohibit launching boats, canoes, or kayaks from Black Point Wildlife Drive or any side road connected to Black Point Wildlife Drive except from L Pond Road.

(vii) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.

(viii) We prohibit harvesting and possession of horseshoe crab, frog, turtle, snake, and/or other wildlife (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ix) We prohibit use of personal watercraft, kite surfing, kite boarding, wind surfing, sail boarding, use of air-thrust boats, and use of hovercraft on the refuge or in refuge waters.

(x) We prohibit motorized vessels in the Banana River within the posted “No-Motor Zone,” including any vessel having an attached motor or a nonattached motor capable of use (including electric trolling motor).

(xi) We allow vessels drafting 12 inches (30 centimeters) or less (measured while vessel is fully stopped) to be propelled only by poling, paddling, drifting, or electric trolling motors in the established Pole & Troll Zone(s), except in the posted running channels.

(xii) We prohibit fish cleaning on refuge property.

(xiii) We prohibit fishing from, or in the immediate vicinity of, the Manatee Viewing Deck on the northeast side of Haulover Canal.

(xiv) When inside the impoundment perimeter ditch, you may use gasoline or diesel motors. Outside the perimeter ditch, you must propel vessels by paddling, push pole, or electric trolling motor.

(j) Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing year-round.

(ii) We allow bank fishing from spoil islands during daylight hours only.

(k) Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing year-round on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow fishing only from vessels in the waters surrounding Tarpon Key.

(l) St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must remove blinds at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow the use of dogs to recover game.

(iii) Hunters may access the hunt area by boat.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of grey squirrel, rabbit, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge permits (signed brochure) for hunting upland game. Each hunter must possess and carry a signed refuge permit while participating in a hunt.

(ii) All hunters must wear 500 square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of fluorescent orange above the waistline while in a designated hunting unit during a refuge hunt.

(iii) You may only use .22 caliber or smaller rim-fire rifles, shotguns (#4 bird shot or smaller) (see § 32.2(k)), or muzzleloaders to harvest squirrel, rabbit, and raccoon. In addition, you may use shotgun slugs, buckshot, archery equipment, or pistols to take feral hogs. We prohibit the use of other weapons.

(iv) We allow the use of leashed dogs for trailing injured or harvested game.

(v) We prohibit hunting from any named or numbered road (with the exception of persons hunting during the mobility-impaired hunt).

(vi) We prohibit cleaning of game within 1,000 feet (300 meters) of any residence, developed public recreation area, or game check station.

(vii) You must check out all game taken at a game check station.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for license, and the State charges a fee). Permits are nontransferable. Each hunter must possess and carry a signed permit when participating in a hunt. Prior to hunting each day, you must check-in at a hunt check station as specified in the refuge hunt brochure. You must check out at the end of each hunting day.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(2)(ii) and (iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(iii) We allow feral hog to be taken during any refuge hunt. There is no limit on the size or number of feral hogs that hunters may take.

(iv) There is a two deer limit per hunt, as specified at paragraph (l)(3)(vi) of this section, except during the youth hunt, when the limit is as specified at paragraph (l)(3)(vii) of this section. The limit for turkey is one per hunt.

(v) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(vi) The bag limit for white-tailed deer is two deer per hunt, either two antlerless deer or one antlerless deer and one antlered deer. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must have at least three points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one antler, to be harvested.

(vii) There is one youth white-tailed deer hunt and one youth turkey hunt for youth ages 12 to 17. During these hunts, only the youth hunter may handle or discharge firearms used for hunting. An adult age 21 or older must accompany and remain in sight and normal voice contact of each youth hunter. There is no limit on the number of hogs a youth hunter may harvest during these hunts.

(A) Youth white-tailed deer hunt harvest limits. (1) Youth hunters age 12 to 15 may harvest two deer, either two antlerless deer or one antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). There are no restrictions on antler size for youth hunters age 12 to 15.

(2) Youth hunters age 16 or 17 may harvest two deer, either two antlerless or one antlerless and one antlered. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or greater on one antler, to be harvested by youth hunters age 16 or 17.

(B) Youth turkey hunt harvest limit. The limit is one bearded turkey per youth hunter.

(viii) Mobility-impaired hunters may have an assistant accompany them. You may transfer permits issued to assistants. We limit those hunt teams to harvesting white-tailed deer and feral hog within the limits provided at paragraph (l)(3)(vi) of this section.

(ix) You may harvest one bearded turkey per hunt. You may only use shotguns or archery equipment to harvest turkey. We prohibit hunting after 1 p.m.Start Printed Page 47696

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit taking blue crabs from impounded water on the St. Marks Unit.

(ii) We only allow fishing in refuge lakes, ponds, and impoundments from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) We allow fishing in tidal and coastal waters 24 hours per day year-round.

(iv) We prohibit taking of frogs or turtles (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(v) We prohibit use of cast nets or traps to take fish from any lake, pond, or impoundment on the refuge.

(vi) You must attend all fishing equipment.

(vii) We prohibit bow fishing on refuge lakes, ponds, and impoundments.

(viii) The interior ponds and lakes on the Panacea Unit are open year-round for bank fishing. We open vehicle access to these areas from March 15 through May 15 each year. Ponds and lakes that anglers access from County Road 372 are open year-round for fishing and boating.

(m) St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, sambar deer, raccoon, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require refuge permits (hunters apply through State for license, and the State charges a fee). The permits are nontransferable, and the hunter must possess them while hunting. Only signed permits are valid. We only allow people with a signed refuge hunt permit or the helpers of mobility-impaired hunters on the island during the hunt periods.

(ii) We authorize three refuge hunts: Sambar deer, white-tailed deer archery, and white-tailed deer muzzleloader. During the sambar deer hunt, only sambar deer, feral hog, and raccoon can be harvested. During the white-tailed deer hunts, only white-tailed deer, feral hog, and raccoon can be harvested.

(iii) We restrict access to St. Vincent Island to the Indian Pass and West Pass campsites. The hunt brochure lists check-in and check-out procedures. We restrict access to the hunt areas to foot or bicycle travel.

(iv) Hunt hours are 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 3 p.m. for the sambar deer hunt.

(v) You may set up tree stands only after you check in, and you must remove them from the island at the end of the hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(vi) You may retrieve game from the closed areas only if accompanied by a refuge staff member or a Federal Wildlife Officer.

(vii) We limit weapons to primitive weapons (bow and arrow, and muzzleloader) on the primitive weapons sambar deer hunt and the primitive weapons white-tailed deer hunt. We limit the archery hunt to bow and arrow. We prohibit crossbows during the white-tailed deer archery hunt except with a State disabled persons permit. You may take feral hog and raccoon only with the weapons allowed for that period.

(viii) We allow only stand, still, and stalk hunting. We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(ix) You may only discharge muzzleloaders at the designated discharge area between 5 a.m. and 9 p.m.

(x) Hunters must check out at the check station prior to leaving the refuge at the end of their hunt. A refuge staff member or volunteer must check the campsites before the hunters leave the refuge.

(xi) Bag limits are:

(A) Muzzleloader weapons sambar deer hunt. One sambar deer of either sex; no limit on feral hog or raccoon.

(B) Archery hunt. One white-tailed deer of either sex. Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or more on one antler, to be harvested. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Youth age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except spotted fawn. We prohibit harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no limit on feral hog or raccoon.

(C) Muzzleloader weapons white-tailed deer hunt. One white-tailed deer. Antlered deer must have at least two points, 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) or more in length on one antler, to be harvested. We issue a limited number of either-sex tags. If you have an either-sex tag, the bag limit is one deer that may be antlerless or antlered with legal antler configuration. State regulations define antlerless deer as deer with no antler or antlers less than 5 inches (12.75 centimeters). Youth age 15 or younger may harvest any deer except spotted fawn. We prohibit harvesting of spotted fawns. There is no limit on feral hog or raccoon.

(xii) We prohibit bringing live game into the check station.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may fish from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset year-round.

(ii) We prohibit the use of live minnows as bait.

(iii) We allow the use of only rods and reels or poles and lines in refuge lakes. Anglers must attend their fishing equipment at all times.

(iv) We prohibit the taking of frog and/or turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(n) Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting each day during the early wood duck/teal season.

(ii) We allow hunting only on Wednesdays, Saturdays, Sundays, and Federal holidays that fall within the State's waterfowl season, including Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.

(iii) Hunters must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge permit (signed brochure) at all times while hunting on the refuge.

(iv) We allow hunting from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must remove all decoys, guns, blinds, and other related equipment by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(v) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (90 meters) of the south edge of U.S. 41 and the area posted around Marsh Trail extending south from U.S. 41.

(vi) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl retrieval and prehunt scouting.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing and crabbing on the refuge on designated areas subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the refuge year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of snake, turtle, frog, and other wildlife in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, gigs, spears, bush hooks, and snatch hooks in the freshwater and brackish marsh area of the refuge.

(iv) Anglers and crabbers must attend their lines at all times.

Start Printed Page 47697
Georgia.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel, which the angler must attend at all times.

(ii) We allow sport fishing after legal sunset.

(iii) We permit fishing tournaments by Special Use Permit (General Activities Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued by the refuge manager.

(b) Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it with them at all times when hunting.

(ii) Hunters must check-in no more than 1 day in advance of the opening day of each hunt. We prohibit check-in after legal sunset of the second hunt day.

(iii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier than 1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but must remove the stand by the end of each hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up camp. We require personal identification at check-in.

(v) Only hunters may camp at the designated camping area during refuge hunts.

(vi) For hunting, we allow only bows as governed by State regulations.

(vii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit on feral hog.

(viii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during the scheduled hunt before hunters may remove them from the refuge.

(ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) on Sunday.

(x) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for loading and unloading purposes.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.

(ii) We allow bank/beach saltwater fishing into estuarine waters only from legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.

(c) Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and an additional refuge quota hunt permit for the quota hunts while hunting.

(ii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog with legal weapons during open season.

(iii) We require hunters to report all harvested game at the check station before leaving the refuge (see hunting brochure).

(iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.

(v) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving downed waterfowl during waterfowl hunts.

(vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.

(vii) We prohibit entry into the designated hunt area by nonhunters during all quota deer-gun and waterfowl hunts.

(viii) We prohibit removal of live hogs from the refuge.

(ix) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(x) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license.

(xi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except by wheelchair-bound hunters with a refuge Special Use Permit (General Activities—Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).

(xii) We prohibit leaving vehicles, boats, trailers, or decoys on the refuge overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(xiii) We prohibit the possession or use of any suppressors or silencers on any firearm.

(xiv) We prohibit the possession or use of any trail or game camera or leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.

(xv) We prohibit the possession or use of any night vision or thermal imaging equipment.

(xvi) We prohibit the possession or use of any electronic calls.

(xvii) We prohibit falconry.

(xviii) You may only place temporary blinds, blind material, and/or decoys on the day of the hunt, and you must remove them by 1:00 p.m. on that same day.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) through (iv), (vi), and (viii) through (xvii) of this section apply.

(ii) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) while hunting for upland game. The hunt brochure will serve as your hunt permit.

(iii) We require each small game hunter to wear at least 500 square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer garment above the waist during small game hunts.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting for squirrel, rabbit, and quail.

(v) You may place tree stands and hunting blinds during upland game and big game hunts on the day prior to each upland game and big game hunt. You must remove tree stands and hunting blinds by 11 a.m. on the day after the hunt.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer, feral hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iv), (vi) through (ix), and (xi) through (xvii) and (c)(2)(v) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit the use of buckshot.

(iii) We prohibit the use of dogs during deer and feral hog hunts.

(iv) We require each deer and feral hog hunter to wear at least 500 square inches (3,250 square centimeters) of hunter orange as an outer garment above the waist during hunts.

(v) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from March 1 to October 31, except on the Ocmulgee River, which is open to fishing year-round.Start Printed Page 47698

(ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) We only allow fishing with pole and line or rod and reel.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(xi) and (xii) of this section apply.

(v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while fishing on the refuge.

(vi) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing permit (signed brochure) while fishing.

(vii) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid fishing license.

(d) Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.20(d) for regulations.

(e) Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a refuge hunt permit (electronic form) for all hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it with them at all times when hunting.

(ii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge during the week preceding each hunt, but you must remove stands by the end of each hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit hunting within 100 yards (91.4 meters) of Harris Neck Road, the refuge entrance drive, Visitor Contact Station/Office, Barbour River Landing, Barbour River Road, or Gould's Cemetery.

(iv) We require hunters to check-in and check-out each hunt day. We require personal identification to check-in and check-out.

(v) We require hunters to check all harvested game at the check station before leaving the refuge each day.

(vi) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit for feral hog.

(vii) During the gun hunt, we allow only shotguns (20 gauge or larger; slugs only), muzzleloaders, and bows as governed by State regulations.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.

(ii) We allow bank fishing into estuarine waters only from legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.

(iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.

(f) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow the hunting of rabbit, squirrel, and bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs only to locate, point, and retrieve during quail hunts.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of turkey and white-tailed deer, and feral hog as incidental take, on designated areas subject to the following conditions:

(i) In the Pocket Unit:

(A) We only allow archery hunting and foot traffic.

(B) Hunters must sign in and out each hunt day and record harvest each day.

(ii) In the Suwannee Canal Recreation Area:

(A) We allow only shotguns or muzzleloaders.

(B) We require a refuge permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) obtained through refuge lottery.

(C) Hunters must sign in and out each day and record harvest each day.

(D) You must tag your deer with special refuge tags.

(E) Harvest limit is two deer of either sex per day.

(F) We zone Chesser Island Hunt area to accommodate mobility-impaired and youth hunters. Only mobility-impaired hunters may use all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and vehicles on firebreaks and unpaved roads.

(iii) In the Cowhouse Unit, State of Georgia's Dixon Memorial Wildlife Management Area rules, regulations, dates, and times apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit possession of live bait fish.

(ii) We allow the use of only pole and line or rod and reel as methods of take.

(g) Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer or turkey hunts.

(ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) while hunting.

(iii) We require a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) to hunt on the Hitchiti Experimental Forest.

(iv) We allow access to the hunt area from 2 hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.

(v) We allow hunting for raccoon and opossum from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. on the days listed as open in the refuge hunt brochure.

(vi) We only allow .22 caliber or smaller rimfire firearms for raccoon and opossum hunting.

(vii) We allow the use of dogs on designated areas of the refuge for hunting quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum.

(viii) We prohibit possession or use of any suppressors or silencer on any firearms.

(ix) We prohibit possession or use of trail or game cameras or leaving any other hunting-related electronic device on the refuge.

(x) We prohibit possession or use of any night vision or thermal imaging equipment.

(xi) We prohibit possession or use of any electronic calls.

(xii) We prohibit falconry.

(xiii) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid hunting license.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer, turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(2)(iii), (iv), and (viii) through (xi) of this section apply.

(ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure), and possess and carry an additional refuge quota hunt permit (requires contact information only) for the quota hunts, while hunting.

(iii) We prohibit buckshot.

(iv) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of a road open to vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.

(v) You must bring any deer, turkey, or hog you harvest to the refuge check station intact, except entrails, the day you kill them and before you leave the refuge. We prohibit possession of dressed deer, turkey, or hog unless you have checked them at the refuge check station.

(vi) We prohibit all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on the refuge except by wheelchair-bound hunters with a special use permit (General Activities—Special Use Permit Application, FWS Form 3-1383-G).

(vii) We prohibit dogs for hunting big game.

(viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) Start Printed Page 47699who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(ix) Youth hunters age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from March 15 to September 30.

(ii) We allow access to the refuge and fishing from only legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) You may keep the following numbers of fish each day: Bass—5, channel catfish—5, sunfish or bream—15, and crappie—15.

(iv) We allow nonmotorized boats or boats with electric motors on all ponds designated as open to fishing.

(v) We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while fishing on the refuge.

(vi) We allow fishing only with pole and line or rod and reel.

(vii) We prohibit leaving boats or other personal equipment on the refuge overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(viii) We prohibit the use of fish for bait and the possession of minnows.

(ix) We prohibit possession or take of grass carp. You must immediately release any grass carp caught.

(x) We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge fishing permit (signed brochure) while fishing.

(xi) Youth anglers age 15 and younger must remain within sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older who possesses a valid fishing license.

(h) Savannah National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (requires contact information only).

(ii) To participate in the quota youth waterfowl hunt, youth hunters must submit the Waterfowl Lottery Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(iii) You may take feral hog and coyote during all refuge hunts (migratory bird, upland, and big game) with weapons authorized and legal for those hunts.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory birds.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) You may not hunt on or within 100 yards (90 meters) of public roads, refuge facilities, roads and trails, and railroad rights-of-way, or in closed areas.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, turkey, feral hog, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (h)(1)(i) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) To participate in the quota gun hunt for wheelchair-dependent hunters, hunters must submit the Quota Deer Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System). To participate in the quota youth turkey hunt and learn weekend, youth hunters must submit the Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(iii) You may only use bows, as governed by State regulations, for deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting during the archery hunt for these species.

(iv) You may only use shotguns (20 gauge or larger, slugs only), centerfire rifles, centerfire pistols, muzzleloaders, and bows, as governed by State regulations, for deer, feral hog, and coyote hunting during the firearm hunts for these species.

(v) Hunters may take as many as five deer (no more than two antlered). There is no bag limit on feral hog or coyote.

(vi) We allow only shotguns with approved nontoxic #2 shot or smaller, and bows, as governed by State regulations, for turkey hunting. We prohibit the use of slugs or buckshot for turkey hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Anglers may fish in refuge impoundments and canals from March 1 through November 30 annually.

(ii) Anglers may fish in Kingfisher Pond and all tidal creeks year-round.

(iii) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iv) Anglers may bank fish year-round throughout the refuge, unless otherwise posted.

(v) Anglers may only use nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors within impounded waters.

(i) Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a refuge hunt permit for all hunters age 16 and older. Hunters must sign the permit and carry it with them at all times when hunting.

(ii) Refuge personnel must check deer harvested during scheduled hunts before hunters leave the refuge.

(iii) Hunters may take five deer (no more than two antlered), and we will issue State bonus tags for two of these. There is no bag limit on feral hog.

(iv) We prohibit the use of buckshot.

(v) We allow mooring of boats to the government dock only for loading or unloading purposes.

(vi) Hunters must check-in at the refuge dock prior to setting up camp. We require personal identification at check-in.

(vii) We allow only hunters to camp at the designated camping area while participating in refuge hunts.

(viii) Each hunter may place one stand on the refuge no earlier than 1 month prior to the opening day of each hunt, but you must remove all stands by the end of each hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ix) Hunters must be off the island by 12 p.m. (noon) the day following the last day of the hunt.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.

(ii) We allow bank/beach fishing into estuarine waters only from legal sunrise to legal sunset except during managed hunts.

(iii) We prohibit freshwater fishing.

(j) Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions: We allow saltwater fishing year-round in the estuarine waters adjacent to the refuge.

Hawaii.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(b) Kakahaia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas of the refuge.Start Printed Page 47700

(c) Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

Idaho.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow boats, except air thrust boats, after September 20 within the designated refuge hunting areas, for the purposes of hunting.

(ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds, decoys, boats, and other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse, partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit use and possession of lead weights or sinkers.

(b) Camas National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunters to access the refuge 1 hour before legal shooting time.

(ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds of natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds, decoys, and other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse, and partridge on designated areas of the refuge.

(3)-(4) [Reserved]

(c) Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, common snipe, and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters in the South Side Recreation Area may use float tubes, nonmotorized boats, or boats equipped with electric motors within 200 yards (180 meters) of the shoreline. We prohibit the use or possession of gas-powered motors.

(ii) You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, other personal property, and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind construction at the end of each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge 1 hour before official shooting hours (1/2 hour before legal sunrise), and remain on the refuge until 1 hour after official shooting hours (legal sunset).

(iv) We allow the use of dogs for hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, and partridge on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iv) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must obtain a refuge-specific hunting permit (signed brochure) to hunt deer on the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must sign and carry the permit in the field while hunting.

(ii) Hunters may place up to two portable deer stands in the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must place stands/platforms by hand. Hunters may place stands/platforms on the refuge no earlier than the beginning date of the assigned hunt permit and must remove them no later than the ending date of the hunt permit. Each stand must display the hunter's hunting license number so that it is legible from the ground.

(iii) In the Lake Lowell Unit, you may only shoot deer while hunting from an elevated tree stand/platform. We prohibit ground stalking and/or still hunting from the ground. We prohibit shooting a firearm or bow while on the ground, except to kill a downed deer.

(iv) While hunting from a tree stand, you must use a fall-arrest system/full body harness meeting Treestand Manufacturer's Association standards.

(v) Hunters may enter the Lake Lowell Unit no earlier than 2 hours before official shooting hours (1/2 hour before legal sunrise) and must leave the area within 2 hours after official shooting hours (1/2 hour after legal sunset). Successful hunters may extend their departure time only as long as is necessary to retrieve dead deer.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) From October 1 through April 14, we only allow ice fishing within 200 yards (180 meters) of the shoreline in front of both the Lower Dam (Fishing Area A) and the Upper Dam (Fishing Area B) on the Lake Lowell Unit, unless otherwise posted by the Bureau of Reclamation.

(ii) We allow fishing from nonmotorized boats in designated areas of the Lake Lowell Unit from October 1 through April 14, from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) From February 1 through June 30, we prohibit fishing from all islands in the Snake River Islands Unit.

(d) Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds, decoys, boats, and other personal property from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated hunting areas.

(2)-(4) [Reserved]

(e) Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting.

(iii) We prohibit the discharge of firearms in posted retrieval zones and areas closed to hunting.

(iv) Hunters may access the waterfowl hunt area no earlier than 3 a.m. and must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of forest grouse and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see § 32.2(k)) while in the field.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting forest grouse and for turkey during the fall hunt.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer, elk, black bear, moose, and mountain lion on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of deer at the designated accessible blind for hunters Start Printed Page 47701with disabilities subject to the following conditions:

(A) You must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge manager to use the accessible blind.

(B) We only allow deer hunting at the accessible blind using the following weapons: Muzzleloader, archery equipment, crossbow, shotgun, or handgun. For shotguns, you may only use slugs. For handguns, you may only use straight-walled cartridges not originally established for rifles.

(ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic ammunition for hunting (see § 32.2(k)).

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow bank fishing only.

(f) Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow only hunters and dogs to retrieve game in designated hunting areas.

(ii) You may only use portable blinds or construct temporary blinds of dead natural vegetation. Blinds will be available for general use on a first-come, first-served basis. You must remove portable blinds at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We prohibit use of rock piles above the high-water mark for blind construction.

(iii) On West Hunting Area (Lake Walcott), we allow hunting on the uplands and over water within 100 yards (90 meters) of the shoreline. We allow use of boats only for retrieval of game.

(iv) On East Hunting Area (Tule Island), we allow boats during the waterfowl hunting season.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, grouse, partridge, and cottontail rabbit on designated areas of the refuge.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of elk (archery only) on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Elk hunters may enter the hunt area from 1 and 1/2 hours before legal hunting time to 1 and 1/2 hours after legal hunting time.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

Illinois.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge from legal sunrise to legal sunset subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing on Lake Chautauqua from February 1 through October 15. We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during the waterfowl hunting season.

(ii) We allow bank fishing year-round between the boat ramp and the fishing trail in the North Pool and from Goofy Ridge Public Access to the west gate of the North Pool water control structure.

(b) Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, dove, snipe, rail, and crow on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a signed hunt brochure. You must carry this signed permit when hunting on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of all designated public use facilities, including, but not limited to, parking areas, picnic areas, campgrounds, marinas, boat ramps, public roads, and established hiking trails listed in the refuge trails brochure.

(iii) Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, platforms, and other personal equipment brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(iv) Waterfowl hunting blinds must be a minimum of 200 yards (180 m) apart. Hunters must anchor boat blinds on the shore or anchor them a minimum of 200 yards (180 m) away from any shoreline.

(v) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, provided the dogs are under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, squirrel, rabbit, bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, grey fox, bobcat, woodchuck, striped skunk, pheasant, partridge, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii) and (v) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit hunters using rifles or handguns with ammunition larger than .22 caliber rimfire, except they may use black powder firearms up to and including .40 caliber.

(iii) We allow the use of .22 and .17 caliber rimfire lead ammunition for the taking of small game and furbearers during open season.

(iv) For hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(v) We require all deer and turkey hunters using the restricted use area to check-in at the refuge visitor center prior to hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (iii) and (b)(2)(ii) and (v) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit the use of handguns for the taking of deer in the restricted use area.

(iii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(iv) We only allow archery equipment when hunting deer in the following areas:

(A) In the controlled waterfowl hunting area;

(B) On all refuge lands north of Illinois State Route 13; and

(C) In the area north of the Crab Orchard Lake emergency spillway and west of Crab Orchard Lake.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) On Crab Orchard Lake west of Wolf Creek Road:

(A) Anglers may fish from boats all year.

(B) Anglers must remove all trotlines/jugs from legal sunrise until legal sunset from the Friday immediately prior to Memorial Day through Labor Day.

(ii) On Crab Orchard Lake east of Wolf Creek Road:

(A) Anglers may fish from boats March 15 through September 30.

(B) Anglers may fish all year at the Wolf Creek and Route 148 causeways.

(iii) On A-41, Bluegill, Managers, Honkers, and Visitors Ponds:

(A) Anglers may fish only from legal sunrise to legal sunset from March 15 through September 30.

(B) We prohibit anglers from using boats or flotation devices.

(iv) Trotlines/jugs:Start Printed Page 47702

(A) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs on all refuge waters outside of Crab Orchard Lake.

(B) We prohibit the use of trotlines/jugs with any flotation device that has previously contained any petroleum-based material or toxic substances.

(C) Anglers must attach a buoyed device that is visible on the water's surface to all trotlines.

(v) Anglers may use all legal noncommercial fishing methods, except they may not use any underwater breathing apparatus.

(vi) Anglers may not submerge any poles or similar objects to take or locate any fish.

(vii) Organizers of all fishing events must possess a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G or FWS Form 3-1383-C).

(viii) We prohibit anglers from fishing within 250 yards (225 m) of an occupied waterfowl hunting blind.

(ix) Specific creel and size limits apply on various refuge waters as listed in the Crab Orchard fishing brochure and the annual Illinois fishing digest.

(c) Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, rail, dove, crow, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.

(ii) We prohibit outboard motors larger than 10 horsepower (hp).

(iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, bobwhite quail, raccoon, opossum, red fox, gray fox, bobcat, striped skunk, woodchuck, turkey, pheasant, Hungarian partridge, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(ii) Anglers must remove all boats and fishing equipment (see § 27.93 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity.

(iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, jugs, yo-yos, nets, or any commercial fishing equipment except in areas where State regulations authorize commercial tackle.

(iv) We prohibit the use of more than two poles per angler and more than two hooks or lures per pole.

(v) We prohibit possession of bass smaller than 15 inches (37.5 centimeters) in length from refuge ponds.

(vi) We prohibit possession of more than six channel catfish from refuge ponds.

(d) Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow access for hunting from 1 hour before legal shooting time (as governed by State regulations for the species in question) until 1 hour after legal sunset.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(ii) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the year on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit fishing in the waterfowl hunting area during the waterfowl hunting season.

(e) Great River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: On the Long Island Division, we allow hunting only from blinds constructed on sites posted by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of small game, furbearers, and game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We open the refuge divisions for upland game hunting from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) On the Cherry Box and Hickory Creek Units, we allow hunting with shotgun only during the Statewide upland game season.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.

(iii) On the Fox Island and Slim Island Divisions, and the Cherry Box and Hickory Creek Units, we only allow archery deer hunting.

(iv) On the Delair Division, we only allow deer hunting during special managed hunts. You must possess and carry a refuge permit (hunt letter) when hunting during special managed hunts.

(v) On the Fox Island Division, Cherry Box Unit, and Hickory Creek Unit, we allow turkey hunting during the State spring season, youth season, and fall archery season.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog, leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) On the Fox Island Division, we only allow bank fishing along any Start Printed Page 47703portion of the Fox River from January 1 through October 15.

(f) Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game and turkey hunting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field, including shot shells used for hunting wild turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, blind materials, stands, and platforms (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit the taking of turtle and frog (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(g) Kankakee National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: For hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge.

(4) [Reserved]

(h) Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow sport fishing on all areas open to public access from legal sunrise to legal sunset from February 1 to October 15.

(ii) We allow access to Meredosia Lake from the boat ramp and allow foot access on refuge land along the east side of the Meredosia Lake in Morgan County from legal sunrise to legal sunset throughout the year.

(i) Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove boats, blinds, blind materials, stands, decoys, and other hunting equipment from the refuge at the end of each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and bobwhite quail on designated areas of the refuge.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and wild turkey on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(iii) We prohibit placing temporary tree stands in dead or dying trees.

(iv) We allow only portable tree stands from September 1 through January 31 of each year. You must permanently attach your State-generated hunter identification number in a visible location on the stand. We allow only one tree stand per hunter.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit the taking of any mussel (clam), crayfish, frog, leech, and turtle species by any method on the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) You must remove all fishing devices at the end of each day's fishing activity (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(j) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.34(f) for regulations.

(k) Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: Hunters must remove boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials brought onto the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting for wild turkey, small game, furbearers, and nonmigratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We restrict turkey hunting to archery only in the fall and shotgun or archery in the spring.

(iii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters must remove all portable hunting stands and blinds from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ii) We restrict white-tailed deer hunting on the Clarksville Island Division to archery only.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(l) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Refer to § 32.42(r) for regulations.

Indiana.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a refuge hunt permit.

(ii) Hunters must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting only during the squirrel hunting season in the day use area, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times. You must ensure that all hunting dogs wear a collar displaying the owner's contact information.

(iv) You must hunt only in assigned areas. We prohibit trespass into an unassigned hunt area.

(v) We require that all hunters check all harvested game taken on the refuge at the refuge check station.

(vi) We require all refuge hunters to hunt with a partner. We require hunting Start Printed Page 47704partners to know the location of their partner while hunting. An adult, age 18 or older, must directly supervise youth hunters age 17 and younger.

(vii) Hunters must possess and carry a compass while hunting on the refuge.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(2)(i), (ii), and (iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(iii) We allow the use of portable hunting stands and blinds.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on the Old Timbers Lake subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require a signed acknowledgment of danger agreement and a refuge access permit.

(ii) Anglers must possess a valid daily gate pass at all times.

(iii) We allow fishing only with a rod and reel or pole and line.

(iv) We prohibit the use of trotlines.

(v) We prohibit retaining black bass, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, and spotted bass between 12 and 15 inches (30 and 37.5 centimeters).

(b) Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a firearm within 100 yards (30 meters) of any dwelling or any other building that people, pets, or livestock may occupy.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs for hunting rabbit, quail, and squirrel, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(iii) We allow only shotguns for upland game hunting.

(iv) We require hunters to sign and carry the current hunting brochure while hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(2)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.

(ii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(iii) We prohibit firearms deer hunting during the State firearms season.

(iv) You may take only two deer per day from the refuge, only one of which may be an antlered buck.

(v) We allow only spring turkey hunting on the refuge, and hunters must possess a State-issued hunting permit during the first 6 days of the season.

(vi) We close archery deer hunting during the State muzzleloader season.

(vii) Turkey hunting ends at 1 p.m. each day.

(viii) We prohibit the possession of game trail cameras on the refuge.

(ix) We require you to remove arrows from crossbows during transport in a vehicle.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of belly boats or float tubes in all designated fishing areas.

(ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line.

(iii) We prohibit harvest of frog and turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iv) We prohibit the use of lead fishing tackle.

(v) We allow only youth age 15 and younger to fish in the Discovery Pond.

(c) Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge and the White River Wildlife Management Area subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must remove all boats, decoys, blinds, and blind materials after each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ii) We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a weapon within 150 yards (137 meters) of any dwelling or any building that may be occupied by people, pets, or livestock.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of bobwhite quail, cottontail rabbit, squirrel (gray and fox), red and gray fox, coyote, opossum, and raccoon subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may possess only approved nontoxic shells when hunting wild turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may only hunt white-tailed deer during the first week (7 days) of the following seasons, as governed by the State: archery, firearms, and muzzleloader.

(iii) On the Columbia Mine Unit, you may leave portable tree stands overnight only when the unit is open to hunting and for a 2-day grace period before and after the special season.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel, pole and line, bow and arrow, or crossbow.

(iii) The minimum size limit for largemouth bass on Snakey Point Marsh and on the Columbia Mine Unit is 14 inches (35.6 centimeters).

(iv) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow, crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(v) You must remove boats at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

Iowa.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) De Soto National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow youth hunting of ring-necked pheasant on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The refuge will annually determine hunting seasons, dates, and designated areas, and publish them in the refuge brochure.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and wild turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The refuge manager will annually determine and publish hunting seasons and dates, and will include them in the refuge access permit (signed brochure).

(ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit (signed brochure) at all times while in the hunting area. Hunters may enter the hunting areas only within the dates listed on the refuge access permit (signed brochure).

(iii) Hunters with a valid Iowa or Nebraska resident hunting permit may access all areas open to hunting. Reciprocity exists, with both States allowing hunters with either resident permit to access refuge hunting land in either State.

(iv) Hunters holding nonresident Nebraska or nonresident Iowa permits may hunt only on the ground that lies within the State that issued the nonresident permit.Start Printed Page 47705

(v) We allow hunters in the designated area from 2 hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.

(vi) We prohibit the use of a crossbow as archery equipment unless the hunter has obtained a State-issued disability crossbow permit.

(vii) All hunters must be in possession of a valid entrance fee permit.

(viii) Hunters must remove hunting blinds or stands and other property by the close of the season (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ix) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road open to vehicle traffic within 30 feet (9 meters (m)) of the centerline.

(x) We prohibit field dressing of any big game within 100 feet (30 m) of the centerline of any refuge road.

(xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(xii) We allow two portable tree stands/blinds per hunter within the hunt area. Of those, only one stand/blind can be left on the refuge from 1 week prior to the start of the designated hunt season to 1 week after the end of the designated hunt season.

(xiii) Unattended stands and blinds must be plainly labeled with the full name and/or hunting license number of the owner. Labels must be visible from ground level.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow ice fishing in DeSoto Lake from January 2 through the end of February.

(ii) We allow the use of pole and line or rod and reel fishing in DeSoto Lake from April 15 through October 14.

(iii) We allow the use of archery and spear fishing for nongame fish only from April 15 through October 14.

(iv) When the lake is open to ice fishing, we prohibit motor- or wind-driven conveyances on the lake.

(v) We allow the use of portable ice fishing shelters on a daily basis from January 2 through the end of February.

(vi) Anglers may use no more than two lines and two hooks per line, including ice fishing.

(vii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, float lines, bank lines, or setlines.

(viii) Anglers must adhere to minimum length and creel limits as posted.

(ix) We prohibit anglers leaving any personal property, litter, fish, or fish parts on the banks, in the water, or on the ice (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(x) We prohibit digging or seining for bait.

(xi) We prohibit take or possession of turtle or frog at any time (see §§ 27.21 of this chapter).

(xii) We allow anglers on the refuge from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(b) Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge. (1) [Reserved]

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: In areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1 until the close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever occurs first.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) In areas open to hunting, we allow hunting beginning November 1 until the close of State hunting seasons or January 15, whichever occurs first.

(ii) We allow only archery and muzzleloader hunting.

(iii) We allow deer drives only during lawful party hunting conducted within the refuge, as governed by State regulations. We prohibit driving deer from or through the refuge to any persons hunting outside the refuge boundary.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(c) Iowa Wetland Management District—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds throughout the district subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit leaving boats, decoys, or other personal property unattended at any time. You must remove all personal property, which includes boats, decoys, and blinds, brought onto the district at the end of each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout the district subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow big game hunting throughout the district and subject to the following conditions:

(i) For wild turkey hunting, you may possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) You may leave tree stands in an area for a continuous period of time beginning 7 days prior to the open season for hunting deer and ending 7 days after the final day of that season. You must clearly mark the stand with your Iowa hunting license number.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the district subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) You must remove all ice fishing shelters and other personal property at the end of each day's fishing (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(d) Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow the hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit all hunting February 1 through August 31 due to conflicts with existing appropriate and compatible uses.

(ii) We allow entry into the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise and require hunters to leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) We prohibit shooting on or over any refuge road within 50 feet (15 meters) from the centerline.

(iv) You must possess and carry a refuge permit (free brochure available at the refuge visitor center).

(v) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, pigeon, mourning dove, crow, cottontail rabbit, gray and fox squirrel, and fall wild turkey on designated areas of the subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (v) of this section apply.

(ii) You may only possess approved nontoxic shot (see § 32.2(k)) when turkey hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge and subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iv) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow the use of portable stands and blinds for hunting, and hunters must remove them at the end of each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(4) [Reserved]

(e) Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of Start Printed Page 47706duck, goose, merganser, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock, snipe, and dove (mourning and Eurasian collared) on designated areas subject to the following conditions:

(i) For units adjacent to and managed by Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge, you must follow the refuge-specific regulations provided in this paragraph (e).

(ii) Hunters must remove boats, decoys, portable or temporary blinds, materials brought onto the refuge, and other personal property at the end of each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter). Hunters must dismantle hunting blinds, platforms, and ladders made from natural vegetation at the end of each day.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting, except when hunting furbearers, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of wild turkey, ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit, squirrel (fox and gray), groundhog, raccoon, opossum, fox (red and gray), coyote, badger, striped skunk, and crow on designated areas subject to the following conditions:

(i) Shotgun hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot when hunting turkey (see § 32.2(k)).

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) through (iii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of temporary stands, blinds, platforms, or ladders.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(iii) We prohibit shooting on, from, over, across, or within 30 feet (9 meters) of a roadway open to public vehicle transportation at a big game animal or a decoy of a big game animal.

(iii) For all counties with the exception of Jasper, you may leave tree stands in an area for a continuous period of time beginning 7 days prior to the open season for hunting deer and ending 7 days after the final day of that season. You must clearly mark the stand with your Iowa hunting license number.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of any turtle, frog, leech, minnow, crayfish, and mussel (clam) species by any method on the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(f) Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: You must remove boats, decoys, and portable blinds at the end of each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells (see § 32.2(k)). We allow shotgun slug or muzzleloading rifle for hunting coyotes.

(ii) We allow only squirrel hunting on the Keithsburg Division from the beginning of the State season through September 15.

(iii) We allow hunting on the Horseshoe Bend Division from September 1 through September 15, and from December 1 through February 28. We allow spring turkey hunting.

(iv) We allow hunting on the Big Timber Division from September 1 through February 28. We allow spring turkey hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of only portable stands, and you must remove them at the end of each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit the taking of turtle or frog (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) We allow fishing only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) Anglers must remove boats and all other fishing devices at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(g) Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, rail (Virginia and sora only), woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We allow boats or other floating devices. We allow electric motors only. We prohibit the use of gasoline motors. You may not leave boats unattended.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs while hunting, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times.

(iv) We prohibit entry into any closed area to retrieve downed game, unless the hunter has received written permission from the refuge manager.

(v) We prohibit hunting on road rights-of-way on any portion of the refuge not open to hunting. The road right-of-way extends to the center of the road.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, gray partridge, cottontail rabbit, squirrel (fox and gray), groundhog, raccoon, opossum, fox, coyote, and crow on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit possession of shotgun slugs.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and (v) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(i), (iv), and (v) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow portable tree stands, portable blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms to be left on the refuge from 7 days prior to the first deer hunting season; you must remove them prior to 7 days following the last deer hunting season (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Turkey hunters must remove blinds and stands each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) You must label portable tree stands, portable blinds, and freestanding elevated platforms that are left unattended with your hunting license number. The label must be legible from the ground.

(iv) You must remove any other personal property brought onto the refuge at the end of each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(v) We allow deer hunters on the refuge from 1 hour before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset.

(vi) Deer hunters may possess only shot shells that shoot a single projectile (i.e., slugs).

(vii) For wild turkey hunting, you may use or possess only approved nontoxic shot shells while in the field (see § 32.2(k)).

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We allow fishing from boats on the Buffalo Creek Bottoms; however, we prohibit the use of gasoline motors.

(iii) We prohibit the use or possession of lead terminal tackle.Start Printed Page 47707

(h) Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Refer to § 32.42(r) for regulations.

Kansas.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, dove, rail, woodcock, crow, and common snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) when hunting.

(ii) We prohibit shooting from or over roads and parking areas.

(iii) You may leave temporary blinds (other than portable blinds) constructed of natural vegetation found on site overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We allow crow hunting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(A) We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and pistols for hunting on the refuge.

(B) We close hunting areas on the north side of the Neosho River to all hunting from November 1 through March 1.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, prairie chicken, rabbit, and squirrel on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(iv)(A) and (B) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow shotguns, muzzleloading firearms (see § 27.42 of this chapter), and archery equipment for deer hunting.

(ii) We do not open for deer hunting during the extended white-tailed deer antlerless season in January.

(iii) We require the use of approved nontoxic shot for turkey hunting (see § 32.2(k)).

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(iv)(A) of this section apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We close areas on the north side of the Neosho River to all fishing from November 1 through March 1, except for the Dove Roost Pond and the Upper Burgess Marsh.

(ii) We prohibit the take of reptiles and amphibians (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(b) Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, merganser, coot, mourning dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary blind.

(ii) You may use portable hunting blinds.

(iii) In Bow Creek, we allow waterfowl hunting only by boat. You may not create a wake while in Bow Creek.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, prairie chicken, fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may only possess bow and arrow or shotguns no larger than 10 gauge on the refuge.

(ii) During pheasant season, we allow hunting of only pheasant, fox squirrel, and cottontail rabbit.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow archery hunting of deer.

(ii) You must obtain a refuge-issued permit (FWS Form 3-2405, Self-Clearing Check-in/out Permit) to hunt deer on the refuge.

(iii) You may use natural vegetation to construct a temporary blind.

(iv) We prohibit retrieving deer or turkey from an area closed to deer or turkey hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow access to Kirwin Reservoir by foot for bank or ice fishing.

(ii) We allow noncommercial collection of bait fish as governed by State regulations.

(iii) We prohibit fishing tournaments on the refuge.

(c) Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, rail, snipe, woodcock, and mourning dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) when hunting.

(ii) We prohibit discharge of firearms within 150 yards (135 meters) of any residence or occupied building.

(iii) We allow only temporary portable blinds and blinds made from natural vegetation.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of cottontail rabbit, squirrel, and upland birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit centerfire and rimfire rifles and pistols.

(iii) You may possess only bow and arrow or shotguns smaller than 10 gauge while hunting upland game.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (c)(1)(i), (ii), and (iii) and (c)(2)(ii) of this section apply.

(ii) You must possess and carry a refuge access permit to hunt deer and spring turkey.

(iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for turkey hunting (see § 32.2(k)).

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge.

(d) Quivira National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, Virginia and Sora rail, mourning dove, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We open refuge hunting areas from September 1 through February 28.

(ii) The refuge is open from 11/2 hours before legal sunrise to 11/2 hours after legal sunset. Hunters must remove all decoys within 1 hour following the end of legal shooting time (legal sunset).

(iii) We prohibit the retrieval of game from areas closed to hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, squirrel, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(ii) We only allow shotguns for hunting on the refuge.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on all waters on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit taking of frog, snake, or any other wildlife (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines and setlines.

(iii) We prohibit the use of seines for taking bait.

(iv) We prohibit fishing from water control structures and bridges.Start Printed Page 47708

(v) We restrict fishing in the designated “Kid's Pond,” approximately 1/4 mile (.4 kilometers) west-southwest of headquarters, to youth age 14 and younger, and to a parent and/or guardian age 18 or older accompanying a youth.

(vi) The bag limit for the Kid's Pond is one fish per day.

(vii) The condition set forth at paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section applies.

Kentucky.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove, woodcock, common snipe, Canada and snow goose, coot, crow, and waterfowl listed at 50 CFR 10.13(c)(1) under DUCK on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Except for raccoon, opossum, and bullfrog hunting, access to the refuge is from 2 hours before legal sunrise to 2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) You must possess and carry a signed refuge hunting/fishing permit (signed brochure) while hunting and/or fishing on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit discharge of firearms on or within 200 feet (90 meters) of any home, the abandoned railroad tracks, graveled roads, and hiking trails.

(iv) We allow trail cameras. Trail cameras must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly displayed or we may confiscate them.

(v) An adult age 21 or older must supervise all youth hunters age 15 and younger. Youth hunters must remain in sight of and normal voice contact with the adult. On small game hunts, the adult may supervise no more than two youths; on big game hunts, the adult may supervise no more than one youth.

(vi) All persons born after January 1, 1975, must possess a valid hunter education card while hunting.

(vii) We allow the use of dogs for waterfowl, small game, and fall turkey hunting. Dog owners/handlers must have a collar on each dog with the owner's contact information.

(viii) We allow waterfowl hunting from legal shooting time until 12 p.m. (noon).

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, quail, raccoon, opossum, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We close squirrel, rabbit, crow, woodcock, snipe, dove, and quail seasons during muzzleloader and modern gun deer hunts.

(iii) We allow the use of only portable and climbing stands. You may place stands in the field no earlier than 2 weeks prior to the opening of deer season, and you must remove them from the field within 1 week after the season closes (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter). The hunter's State hunting license number must appear on all stands left in the field.

(iv) You must use safety belts at all times when occupying the tree stands.

(v) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(vi) Ground blinds used for the purpose of hunting any species during the deer modern gun, muzzleloader, and youth firearms seasons must display 1 square foot (144 square inches) of solid, unbroken, hunter orange visible from all sides. You must remove ground blinds when not in use.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing and frogging on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(ii) The following conditions apply to the Environmental Education and Recreation Area (EERA):

(A) The EERA is a day-use area only.

(B) We only allow one rod and reel or pole and line for fishing per person.

(C) We prohibit the use of live fish for bait.

(D) We allow the taking of largemouth bass, channel catfish, and bluegill in accordance with posted limits.

(E) We prohibit the hunting or harvesting of frog.

(b) Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.67(b) for regulations.

(c) Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge. Refer to § 32.61(f) for regulations.

Louisiana.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may hunt only as governed by State-issued Sherburne Wildlife Management Area regulations.

(ii) Feral hogs are incidental take species. You may take feral hog during any open hunting season, only with the weapon allowed for that season, and only if you are a hunter with proper licenses and State permits for that season. There is no bag limit on feral hog.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of feral hog, white-tailed deer, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational finfishing and shellfishing year-round as governed by Sherburne Wildlife Management Area regulations.

(b) Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). You must sign the permit, certifying that you understand and will comply with all regulations. You must carry this permit at all times while on the refuge.

(ii) We allow migratory game bird hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season. We do not open for the special teal season or the State youth waterfowl hunt.

(iii) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of the maintained rights-of-way of roads, refuge roads or designated trails, buildings, residences, or designated public facilities.

(iv) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(v) We allow the use of dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.Start Printed Page 47709

(vi) We prohibit any person or group to act as a hunting guide, outfitter, or in any other capacity that any other individual(s) pays or promises to pay directly or indirectly for services rendered to any other person or persons hunting on the refuge, regardless of whether the payment is for guiding, outfitting, lodging, or club membership.

(vii) We prohibit use or possession of any type of trail-marking material.

(viii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver, nutria, and coyote when hunting migratory birds, upland game, or big game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.

(ix) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility vehicles as governed by State Wildlife Management Area (WMA) regulations and size specifications on designated trails (see § 27.31 of this chapter) from scouting season until February 28.

(x) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset, except that raccoon and opossum hunters during the month of February may use the refuge at night.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge seasons.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and (vi) through (x) of this section apply.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit during that portion of the season designated as small game with dogs.

(iv) While engaged in upland game hunting, we prohibit possession of hunting firearms (see § 27.42 of this chapter) larger than .22 caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, or buckshot.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (iii), and (vi) through (x) of this section apply.

(ii) The bag limit is one deer per day. The State tagging regulations apply.

(iii) You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting deer on the refuge (see § 32.2(k)). The requirement in this paragraph (b)(3)(iii) only applies to the use of shotgun ammunition.

(iv) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square centimeters) of unbroken hunter orange as the outermost layer of clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken hunter orange. You must wear the solid-hunter-orange items while in the field.

(v) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting season dates. You must remove stands by 2 days after the hunting season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). You must mark your State license number on your stand. You are allowed one portable stand or blind on the refuge.

(vi) You must check all deer taken on the refuge before leaving the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the map in the refuge hunting and fishing regulations brochure.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (b)(1)(x) of this section applies.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We allow fishing only during daylight hours.

(iv) The refuge boat ramp is open for daylight use only, except during specified hunting seasons when the ramp is open from 4 a.m. until 2 hours after legal sunset.

(v) We prohibit wire traps, slat traps, wire nets, hoop nets, trotlines, yo-yos, and jug lines on the refuge.

(c) Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow only youth to hunt waterfowl and coot. An adult age 21 or older must supervise youth hunters during hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. The youth must be capable of and must actively participate in such hunt by the possession and/or firing of a legal weapon during such hunt for the express purpose of harvesting game.

(ii) Each adult may supervise no more than two youths, and no more than one adult may supervise each youth during the course of any hunt. Youth must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adults accompanying youth on refuge hunts may participate by hunting but may not harvest more than their own daily bag limit. Youth must harvest their own bag limits.

(iii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from 30 minutes before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). We will close the refuge to waterfowl and coot hunting during any segment of goose season that extends beyond the regular duck season.

(iv) Hunters may not enter the refuge prior to 4 a.m. on the day of the hunt and must exit the refuge with all equipment and materials (see § 27.93 of this chapter) no later than 1 p.m.

(v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit (signed brochure).

(vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(vii) We prohibit hunting within 500 feet (150 meters (m)) of any residence or structure adjacent to the refuge, and we prohibit hunting within 200 feet (60 m) of any road, railroad, levee, water control structure, designated public use trail, designated parking area, or other designated public use facility.

(viii) Hunters may use air-cooled propulsion engines to traverse the refuge through the Intracoastal Waterway and the Irish Bayou Straight Canal.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow finfishing and shellfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow sport fishing and shellfishing year-round on designated areas of the refuge and only after 12 p.m. on portions of the refuge outside of the Hurricane Protection Levee from November 1 through January 31 and during the State teal season. We close the remainder of the refuge from November 1 through January 31.

(ii) We only allow sport fishing with hand-held rod and reel or hand-held rod and line. You may take bait shrimp with cast nets 8 feet (2.4 m) in diameter or less. You may take crawfish (up to 100 pounds (45 kilograms) per person) with wire nets up to 20 inches (50 centimeters) in diameter. We allow recreational crabbing with a limit of 12 dozen per person. You must attend all fishing, crabbing, and crawfishing equipment at all times.

(iii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, gar sets, nets, and alligator lines on the refuge.

(iv) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(viii) of this section applies.

(d) Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds and waterfowl on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt permit (signed brochure) while hunting on the refuge.

(ii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see § 27.42 of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or structure adjacent to the Start Printed Page 47710refuge, from the centerline of any road, railroad, designated public use maintained trail, designated parking area, or other designated public use facility.

(iii) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths during small game and migratory game bird hunts but may supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters do not violate refuge rules.

(iv) We require waterfowl hunters to remove all portable blinds, boats, decoys, and other personal equipment from the refuge by 1 p.m. each day (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(v) All hunters must check-in prior to hunting and check out after hunting at a refuge self-clearing check station. You must report all game taken on the refuge when checking out by using the check card.

(vi) We allow hunting until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter the refuge after 4 a.m.

(vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(viii) We allow the use of reflective tacks.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow hunting from the start of the State squirrel and rabbit seasons until the last day of State waterfowl season in the Coastal Zone, except that the Centerville Unit will be open until the last day of the State waterfowl season in the East Zone.

(ii) We prohibit upland game hunting on days corresponding with refuge deer gun hunts.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iii), (v), and (viii) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of deer only with firearms (see § 27.42 of this chapter) during 5 specific days during October and November. A youth gun hunt will occur during the last weekend of October. The general gun hunt will occur during the final full weekend in November. The youth gun hunt includes both Saturday and Sunday. The general gun hunt includes the Friday immediately before the weekend.

(ii) We allow archery deer hunting from the start of the State archery season until January 31, except the Centerville Unit is open until February 15. Hunters may take deer of either sex as governed by State-approved archery equipment and regulations. We close refuge archery hunting on those days that the refuge deer gun hunts occur.

(iii) We do not allow hunting within 500 feet (152.4 meters) of the Garden City parking area and boardwalk.

(iv) We allow each hunter to possess only one deer per day; the deer may be a buck or a doe. State season limits apply.

(v) You may take feral hogs only as incidental take with archery equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.

(vi) Hunters may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may erect deer stands 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.

(vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (iii), (v), and (viii) and (d)(2)(ii) of this section apply.

(viii) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(ix) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters subject to the following condition: We prohibit the use of unattended nets, traps, or lines (trot, jug, bush, etc.).

(e) Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, goose, snipe, rail, gallinule, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon), including during the State special teal season and State youth waterfowl hunt.

(ii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that extends beyond the regular duck season.

(iii) We allow only temporary blinds, and hunters must remove blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit (signed brochure).

(v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17 and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts, but is only allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters do not violate refuge rules.

(vi) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearm (see § 27.42 of this chapter) within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) of any residence or structure adjacent to the refuge, and from the centerline of any road, railroad, designated public use maintained trail, designated parking area, or other designated public use facility.

(vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.

(viii) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the refuge.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and quail on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) When hunting, you must possess only shot size 4 or smaller, or 0.22 caliber rim-fire rifles or smaller.

(ii) When hunting squirrel and rabbit, we allow the use of dogs only after the close of the State archery deer season. When hunting quail, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(iv) During the dog season for squirrel and rabbit, all hunters, including archers (while on the ground), except waterfowl hunters, must wear a minimum of a cap or hat that is hunter orange, blaze pink, or other such color as governed by State regulations.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We are open only during the State season for archery hunting of deer.

(ii) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, Start Printed Page 47711drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand. We prohibit hunting stands on trees painted with white bands.

(iv) We allow take of feral hogs only as incidental take with archery equipment while participating in the refuge deer archery hunt.

(v) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (e)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You may fish only from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 1/2 hour after legal sunset, except we allow night fishing from the bank and pier on Lake Road.

(ii) You must only use rod and reel or pole and line while fishing.

(iii) You must attend to any fishing, crabbing, and crawfishing equipment at all times.

(f) Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).

(ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must leave the refuge by 1:30 p.m.

(iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the maintained right-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain vehicle (ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities.

(v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(vii) We only allow ATVs on trails designated for their use and marked by signs (see § 27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are closed March 1 through August 31.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt upland game during designated refuge seasons.

(iii) We prohibit taking small game with firearms larger than .22 caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and buckshot.

(iv) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours end.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (f)(1)(i), (iv), and (vii) and (f)(2)(iv) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge seasons.

(iii) We prohibit gun deer hunting.

(iv) An adult age 21 or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15 or younger during hunts. One adult may supervise only one youth during big game hunts. The youth hunter must remain within normal voice contact of the supervising adult.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit trotlines, limb lines, yo-yos, traps, and nets.

(ii) We prohibit take of frog, turtle, and mollusk (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(g) Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon), including during the State special teal season and State youth waterfowl hunt.

(ii) You must remove blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit goose hunting for that part of the season that extends beyond the regular duck season.

(iv) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(v) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit (signed refuge brochure).

(vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17 and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths during small game hunts and migratory bird hunts but is only allowed to supervise one youth during big game hunts. Youths must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that youth hunters do not violate refuge rules.

(vii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms (see § 27.42 of this chapter) within 150 feet (45.7 meters (m)) from the centerline of any public road, refuge road, designated or maintained trail, building, residence, designated camping area, or designated public facility, or from or across aboveground oil, gas, or electric facilities.

(viii) For the purpose of hunting, we prohibit possession of slugs, buckshot, rifle, and pistol ammunition, except during the deer gun and primitive firearm seasons (see § 32.2(k)).

(ix) You may use only reflective tacks as trail markers on the refuge.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of dogs for rabbit, squirrel, raccoon, and opossum hunting on specific dates listed in the refuge hunt brochure.

(ii) We prohibit the take of feral hog during any upland game hunts.

(iii) During any open deer firearm or primitive firearm season on the refuge, all hunters, except waterfowl hunters and nighttime raccoon and opossum hunters, must wear hunter orange, blaze pink, or other such color as governed by State regulations.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (ix) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (g)(1)(v) through (vii) and (g)(2)(ii) and (iii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may erect deer stands 48 hours before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 48 hours after this season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the refuge. Deer stands must have the Start Printed Page 47712owner's State license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand.

(iii) We allow take of feral hog as incidental game while participating in the refuge archery, primitive weapon, and general gun deer hunts, and where otherwise specified using legal methods of take for the hunt.

(iv) We hold a special dog hog hunt in February. During this hunt, the following conditions apply, in addition to other applicable conditions in this paragraph (g)(3):

(A) You must use trained hog-hunting dogs to aid in the take of hog.

(B) We allow take of hog from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(C) You must possess only approved nontoxic shot or pistol or rifle ammunition not larger than .22 caliber rim-fire to take the hog after it has been caught by dogs.

(D) The condition set forth at paragraph (g)(1)(viii) of this section applies during the special dog hog hunt.

(v) You must kill all hogs prior to removal from the refuge.

(vi) We prohibit the use of deer and turkey gobbler decoys.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing year-round on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow cotton limb lines.

(ii) We close the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround to fishing from April through the first full week of June and to boating during the months of April, May, June, and July.

(iii) When the Pearl River Turnaround area is open, we allow boats that do not have gasoline-powered engines attached in the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround. Anglers must hand-launch these boats into the ponds. When open, we only allow hook and line as a legal method of take in the fishing ponds at the Pearl River Turnaround.

(iv) The Pearl River Turnaround area, when open to fishing, is open 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(h) Breton National Wildlife Refuge. (1)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport finfishing and shellfishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Crabbers must tend crabbing equipment at all times.

(ii) We prohibit trotlines, slat traps, and nets.

(i) Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, coot, gallinule, snipe, and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt during designated days and times.

(ii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier than 4 a.m. Shooting hours for waterfowl hunts end at 2 p.m. each day.

(iii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid, signed refuge hunt permit and regulations brochure.

(iv) Every hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) available from a self-clearing check station after each hunt.

(v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters) of any public road, refuge road, trail, building, resident, or designated public facility.

(vi) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.

(vii) Hunters must remove all hunting-related equipment from the refuge immediately following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the white-tail deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.

(ii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (i)(1)(iii), (v), and (vii) of this section apply.

(iii) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station after each hunt.

(iv) We prohibit entrance to the hunting area earlier than 4 a.m. Hunters must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing with a rod and reel or a pole and line. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear, including limb lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.

(ii) We allow recreational fishing, crabbing, or cast netting in the East Cove Unit year-round from legal sunrise to legal sunset, except during the Louisiana west zone waterfowl season or when the Grand Bayou Boat Bay is closed.

(iii) We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast netting in the Gibbstown Unit's Outfall Canal from March 15 through October 15.

(iv) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We prohibit using floats on crab lines.

(v) Anglers must attend all lines, nets, and bait, and must remove same from the refuge at the end of each day's fishing activity (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vi) The daily limit of crabs is 5 dozen (60) per boat or vehicle, regardless of the number of people thereon.

(vii) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per vehicle or boat.

(viii) We allow cast netting for bait on both the East Cove Unit and the Gibbstown Unit when the units are open for public fishing only. Anglers must empty cast nets directly into the container from the net. The daily bait shrimp limit is one gallon (3.8 L) per day, per boat, outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.

(ix) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.

(x) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(j) Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require that all hunters and anglers age 16 and older purchase an annual public use permit (electronic form). The refuge user is required to sign, certifying that you understand and will comply with all regulations, and carry this permit at all times while on the refuge.

(ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.

(iii) We allow take of beaver, feral hog, nutria, raccoon, and coyote incidental to any refuge hunt with weapons legal for that hunt until you take the daily bag limit of game.

(iv) We allow all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and utility-type vehicle (UTVs) as governed by State Wildlife Management Area regulations and size specifications on designated trails (see § 27.31 of this chapter) from scouting season until February 28.

(v) We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 meters) of any public road, refuge road, trail or ATV trail, building, residence, or designated public facility.Start Printed Page 47713

(vi) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge lottery deer hunts.

(vii) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays until 12 p.m. (noon) during the designated State duck season.

(viii) You must remove harvested waterfowl, temporary blinds, and decoys used for duck hunting by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ix) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(x) We prohibit accessing refuge property by boat from the Mississippi River.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, beaver, nutria, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) While upland game hunting, we prohibit the possession of hunting firearms larger than 0.22 caliber rimfire, shotgun slugs, and buckshot (see § 27.42 of this chapter).

(iii) We allow the use of dogs during designated small game with dog seasons. We require the owner's contact information on the collars of all dogs. We allow up to two dogs per hunting party for squirrel hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i) through (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery-only deer hunting on the refuge during the State archery deer season.

(iii) You must check all deer (name only) taken prior to leaving the refuge at one of the self-clearing check stations indicated on the map in the refuge public use brochure.

(iv) You may place stands up to 2 days prior to established hunting season dates, and you must remove them no more than 2 days after the hunting season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). You must mark your State license identification number on your stand. You are allowed one portable stand or blind on the refuge.

(v) You may only take one deer of either sex per day during the deer season. State season limits apply.

(vi) You must wear a minimum of 500 square inches (3,226 square centimeters) of unbroken-hunter orange as the outermost layer of clothing on the chest and back, and a hat or cap of unbroken-hunter orange.

(vii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (j)(1)(i), (ii), (iv) (on the open portions of Wood Duck ATV trail for wildlife-dependent activities throughout the year), and (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit slat traps or hoop nets on the refuge.

(iii) We prohibit possession of cleaned or processed fish on the refuge.

(iv) Anglers may only crawfish during designated days and times. The harvest limit is 50 pounds (22.5 kilograms) per permit per day.

(v) You must attend all crawfish traps and nets at all times. We allow up to, and no more than, 20 traps per angler on the refuge.

(vi) We prohibit harvest of frog or turtle on the refuge (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(k) Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow migratory hunting of duck, goose, and coot on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(ii) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during deer modern and primitive firearms hunts.

(iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(iv) We allow the use of only shotguns for hunting migratory birds.

(v) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-specific terms.

(vi) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone only).

(vii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunting area by 1 p.m. (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(viii) We prohibit hunting or discharge of firearms within 150 feet (45 meters (m)) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails, and utility rights-of-way.

(ix) We prohibit parking, walking, or hunting within 150 feet (45 m) of any active oil and gas facility or equipment.

(x) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for flagging or trail markers.

(xi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to designated trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the last day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and other wildlife-related activities.

(xii) We allow the incidental take of feral hog, raccoon, beaver, nutria, and coyote while hunting with firearms or archery equipment authorized for that hunt.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, beaver, nutria, coyote, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii) of this section apply.

(ii) We prohibit squirrel and rabbit hunting during deer modern and primitive firearms hunts.

(iii) At the Bushley Unit, we allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrels and rabbits only after the last primitive firearms season for deer on the refuge. Hunters must place their contact information on the collars of all their dogs.

(iv) We require hunters participating in the dog season for rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.

(v) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22 magnum caliber rim fire or less for upland game hunting.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(v) through (xii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow deer-modern hunting on the area south of the French Fork of the Little River for 2 days in December with these dates being set annually.

(iii) We allow hunting of deer with primitive firearms during the first segment of the State season for area 1, weekdays only (Monday through Friday) and 2 days in December with these dates set annually. We allow either-sex, deer gun hunting for the Friday, Saturday, and Sunday immediately following Thanksgiving Day and for 2 days in December with these dates to be set annually.

(iv) We allow the use of portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after this season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one stand on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Start Printed Page 47714Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.

(v) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during deer modern and primitive firearm hunts. We prohibit the use and possession of toxic and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.

(vi) All hunters must wear and display 400 square inches (2,581 square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter orange cap during deer modern and primitive firearm hunts.

(vii) You may take only one deer per day during modern and primitive firearm deer hunts.

(viii) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(ix) We prohibit the use of dogs to hunt and trail wounded deer.

(x) We prohibit use of deer decoys.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (k)(1)(ix) through (xi) of this section apply.

(ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to possess and carry a signed special refuge recreational activity permit (name/address/phone only).

(iii) We allow fishing from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iv) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow year-round fishing on Cowpen Bayou and the Highway 28 borrow pits. We allow fishing on Duck Lake and its tail-waters, Muddy Bayou, Willow Lake, and the Highway 84 borrow pits from March 1 through October 31. We only allow use of a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line attached for fishing in these waters. We prohibit snagging.

(v) At the Bushley Bayou Unit, we allow fishing year-round. We allow trotlines, but anglers must tend them at least once every 24 hours and reset them when receding water levels expose them. Anglers must attach lines with a length of cotton line that extends into the water. We allow the use of yo-yos, but you must attend and only use them from 1 hour before legal sunrise until 1/2 hour after legal sunset. We prohibit the use of nets and traps.

(vi) At the Headquarters Unit, we allow the launching of only trailered boats at designated boat ramps. Anglers may launch small hand-carried boats from the bank in other areas. We prohibit dragging of boats or driving onto road shoulders to launch boats.

(vii) We prohibit bank fishing on Bushley Creek and fishing in Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake, Rhinehart Lake, and Round Lake during deer modern and primitive firearms hunts.

(viii) We prohibit fishing in Black Lake, Dempsey Lake, Long Lake, Round Lake, and Rhinehart Lake during waterfowl hunts.

(ix) We prohibit taking or possessing frogs and turtles (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(x) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the refuge.

(l) D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).

(ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 1:30 p.m.

(iv) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the maintained rights-of-way of roads. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) or trespassing on aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities.

(v) Hunters must remove boats, blinds, and decoys from the refuge at the end of each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) of this section apply.

(ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.

(iii) When hunting upland game, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge as indicated subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (l)(1)(i) and (iv) and (l)(2)(ii) of this section apply.

(ii) You must check all deer taken during general gun deer hunts at a refuge check station on the same day taken.

(iii) We prohibit hunters from placing or hunting from stands on pine trees with white-painted bands or rings.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) For recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.), we require you to carry a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G), which is available at the refuge office.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(m) Delta National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow waterfowl hunting on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon), including during the State special teal season, State youth waterfowl season, and State light goose special conservation season.

(ii) We only allow temporary blinds. You must remove both blinds and decoys by 1 p.m. each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve game.

(iv) Hunters must possess and carry a valid refuge hunt permit (signed brochure).

(v) We prohibit discharge of firearms (see § 27.42 of this chapter) within 250 yards (225 meters) of buildings or worksites, such as oil or gas production facilities.

(vi) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17 and younger during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths during small game and migratory game bird hunts but must supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth(s) must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them.

(vii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The refuge rabbit season opens the day after the State duck season closes and continues through the remainder of the State rabbit season.

(ii) We restrict hunting to shotgun only.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when rabbit hunting.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.Start Printed Page 47715

(3) Big game hunting. We only allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (m)(1)(iv) through (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow archery deer hunting, bucks only, from October 1 through 15. We allow either-sex archery deer hunting from October 16 through 31 and from the day after the close of the State duck season through the end of the State deer archery season.

(iii) We allow placement of temporary deer stands 48 hours prior to the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands within 48 hours after the archery deer season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). We allow only one deer stand per hunter on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand.

(iv) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(v) We allow the take of hog(s) only with archery equipment during the archery deer season.

(vi) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow recreational fishing and crabbing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow recreational fishing and crabbing from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 1/2 hour after legal sunset. During State waterfowl hunting seasons, however, we only allow recreational fishing and crabbing from after 12 p.m. (noon) until 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit the use of trotlines, limblines, slat traps, jug lines, nets, or alligator lines.

(iii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(n) Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Wednesdays and Saturdays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(ii) We prohibit teal hunting during the State September season.

(iii) Hunters selected for lottery waterfowl hunts must be present and in possession of written documentation confirming their selection on the day of the hunt.

(iv) We allow no more than three persons to hunt in each of the lottery waterfowl blinds, and hunters must confine all hunting activity to the direct vicinity of the blinds.

(v) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(vi) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.

(vii) We allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver, nutria, and coyote only when hunting for migratory bird, upland game, and big game species with firearms or archery equipment authorized for use.

(viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).

(ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150 feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails, and utility rights-of-way.

(x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).

(xi) Refuge users must enter and exit the refuge only at designated parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing adjacent lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the refuge.

(xii) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 through the last day of February. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and other wildlife-related activities.

(xiii) Hunters must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunt area by 1 p.m. (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(xiv) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for flagging or trail markers.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of rabbit, raccoon, beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow the use of only shotguns and rifles that are .22 magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting rabbit only after the close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place their contact information on the collars of all their dogs.

(iv) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(vi) through (xiv) of this section apply.

(ii) We only allow the use of archery equipment for big game hunting.

(iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters must place deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license/sportsmen's identification number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place the stand in a nonhunting position and at ground level when not in use.

(iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(v) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.

(vi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (n)(1)(xi) through (xiv) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow fishing within the Coulee Des Grues Bayou only from the bank adjacent to Little California Road and only from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iii) Except as provided under paragraph (n)(4)(ii) of this section, we allow fishing from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset. Anglers may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.

(iv) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a signed refuge special recreational activity permit.

(v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines. Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line attached to fish.

(vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the refuge.

(vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk (see § 27.21 of this chapter).Start Printed Page 47716

(viii) We prohibit crawfishing.

(o) Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated refuge seasons.

(ii) We require every hunter to possess and carry a valid signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at 2 p.m. each day.

(iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361), available from a self-clearing check station, after each hunt.

(v) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities; or designated public facilities. Hunting parties must remain a distance of no fewer than 150 yards (135 m) away from another hunter.

(vi) You must remove all hunting-related equipment from the refuge immediately following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt big game during designated refuge seasons with archery equipment.

(ii) We allow only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer stands on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position at ground level when not in use.

(iii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (o)(1)(ii), (v), and (vi) of this section apply.

(iv) Hunters may enter the refuge at 4 a.m. Hunters must leave no later than 1 hour after legal sunset.

(v) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) available from a self-clearing check station, after each hunt.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from March 15 through October 15.

(ii) We prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and after legal sunset.

(iii) Anglers may enter the refuge 1 hour before legal sunrise, and you must leave 1 hour after legal sunset.

(iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing areas.

(v) We prohibit bank fishing from the Lacassine Pool Wildlife Drive.

(vi) We prohibit boat and bank fishing in Lacassine Pool Unit D and refuge waters from October 16 through March 14.

(vii) We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line in refuge waters. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear, including limb lines, gill nets, jug lines, yo-yos, or trotlines.

(viii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(p) Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, coot) hunting on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) during the Statewide duck season.

(ii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(iii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day. Hunters must remove all decoys, blinds, and boats from the hunt area by 1 p.m. (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We prohibit migratory game bird hunting during refuge deer primitive firearm hunts.

(v) Except as restricted under paragraph (p)(3)(ix) of this section, we allow the incidental take of raccoon, feral hog, beaver, nutria, and coyote when hunting for migratory bird, upland game, and big game species with firearms and archery equipment authorized for use.

(vi) We restrict the use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) to designated ATV trails. ATVs are allowed from September 1 to the last day of the spring turkey season. We allow ATVs only for hunting, fishing, and other wildlife-related activities.

(vii) We restrict the use of the ATV trails that are designated for physically challenged persons to individuals who possess a State-issued physically challenged program hunter permit or are age 60 or older. Individuals that qualify must obtain a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G) from the refuge office to use these trails.

(viii) We require hunters age 16 and older to purchase and carry a signed refuge special recreational activity permit (electronic form).

(ix) We prohibit hunting or the discharge of firearms within 150 feet (45 meters) from the edge of areas maintained for roads, trails, and utility rights-of-way.

(x) Hunters must check-in and check out as governed by refuge-specific terms (see refuge hunting brochure for details).

(xi) Hunters and anglers must enter and exit the refuge only at designated parking areas occurring on the refuge. We prohibit accessing adjacent lands from refuge parking areas or any other part of the refuge.

(xii) We allow the use of bright eyes or reflective tape for flagging or trail markers.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, beaver, nutria, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii) of this section apply.

(ii) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal sunset for that day.

(iii) We only allow the use of shotguns and rifles that are .22 magnum caliber rimfire or less for upland game hunting.

(iv) We prohibit upland game hunting during refuge deer primitive firearm hunts.

(v) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting only after the close of the State deer rifle season. Dog owners must place their contact information on the collars of all their dogs.

(vi) We require hunters participating in the special dog season for rabbits to wear a hunter-orange cap.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(v) through (xii) and (p)(2)(ii) of this section apply.

(ii) You may harvest only one antlered and one antlerless deer during each of the lottery primitive firearm hunts.

(iii) You may use only portable deer stands. Hunters may place deer stands Start Printed Page 47717on the refuge 1 day before the deer archery season and must remove them from the refuge within 1 day after the season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge, and deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position and at ground level when not in use.

(iv) All deer gun hunters must wear and display 400 square inches (2,600 square centimeters) of hunter orange and a hunter-orange cap during the deer gun seasons and lottery deer hunts.

(v) Only hunters that have been selected for lottery primitive firearm deer hunts may be present during these hunts.

(vi) We allow the use and possession of lead shotgun slugs during lottery primitive firearm deer hunts. We prohibit the use and possession of toxic and nontoxic shot shells during these hunts.

(vii) We prohibit all other hunting during refuge deer primitive firearm hunts as described in the refuge hunting brochure.

(viii) We prohibit the use of deer or turkey gobbler decoys.

(ix) We allow turkey hunting only during the first 16 days of the State season until 12 p.m. (noon). We prohibit incidental hunting of feral hog while turkey hunting.

(x) We prohibit the use of dogs to trail wounded deer.

(xi) We prohibit organized drives. We define a “drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause game to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the game.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (p)(1)(xi) and (xii) of this section apply.

(ii) We require anglers age 16 and older to purchase and carry a signed refuge special recreational activity permit (name/address/phone number only).

(iii) We allow fishing from March 1 through October 15 from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(iv) We allow anglers to operate ATVs on the designated trails to the Duck Lake, Westcut Lake, and Possum Bayou boat ramps.

(v) We prohibit the use of nets, traps, set lines, and trot lines. Anglers may only use a rod and reel or pole with a hook and line attached to fish.

(vi) We prohibit the possession of cleaned or processed fish on the refuge.

(vii) We prohibit the harvest of frog, turtle, snake, or mollusk (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(viii) We prohibit crawfishing.

(q) Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, moorhen, gallinule, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of migratory game birds on Wednesdays and Saturdays until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters may only enter the refuge after 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1 p.m.

(ii) Prior to hunting, we must assign a refuge hunt unit and issue a refuge lottery waterfowl permit (signed brochure) to any person entering, using, or occupying the refuge for hunting migratory game birds. You may only hunt in your assigned unit.

(iii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(iv) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters during all hunts. Youth hunter age and hunter education requirements are governed by State regulations. One adult may supervise two youths during small game and migratory game bird hunts. An adult may supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them. Parents or adult guardians are responsible for ensuring that hunters age 16 and younger do not violate refuge rules.

(v) All hunters must possess and carry a signed hunt brochure (signed brochure) while hunting on refuge.

(vi) Only one adult may occupy a unit with up to two youths during a designated lottery youth waterfowl hunt. We allow no more than three hunters to hunt from a single blind within a unit at one time during any waterfowl hunt.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) Big game hunting. We allow the hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We open the refuge to hunting of deer and hog only during the State archery season, except that prior to 12 p.m. (noon) on Wednesdays and Saturdays during State waterfowl seasons, we close areas north of the Intracoastal Waterway to big game hunting.

(ii) Hunters may only enter the refuge after 4 a.m. and must exit by 1 hour after legal sunset.

(iii) You may take big game with archery equipment and as governed by State law. From October 1 through 15, State bucks-only regulations apply. From October 16 through February 15, you may take only one deer of either sex per day, and hunters may possess only one deer. The State season limits on deer apply. There is no daily or possession limit on feral hogs.

(iv) We prohibit the use of deer decoys.

(v) We only allow portable stands. Hunters may erect temporary deer stands 1 day prior to the start of deer archery season. Hunters must remove all deer stands within 1 day after the archery deer season closes (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters may place only one deer stand on the refuge. Deer stands must have the owner's State hunting license number clearly printed on the stand. Hunters must place stands in a nonhunting position when not in use.

(vi) We prohibit organized deer drives. We define a “deer drive” as an organized or planned effort to pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in the direction of any person(s) who is part of the organized or planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

(vii) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (q)(1)(iv) and (v) of this section apply.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing in all refuge waters subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit the use of unattended nets, traps, or lines (trot, jog, bush, etc.).

(ii) We allow fishing in the refuge year-round.

(iii) The refuge is open from legal sunrise until legal sunset.

(iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(r) Red River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and dove on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge brochure).

(ii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(iii) We allow dove hunting only during the first 3 days of the State season on all refuge lands as indicated in the refuge brochure.

(iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.

(v) Hunters may only hunt during designated times and seasons as listed in refuge brochure (signed brochure).

(vi) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters) of any public road, Start Printed Page 47718refuge road, trail or ATV trail, residence, building, aboveground oil or gas or electrical transmission facility, or designated public facility.

(vii) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i), (v), and (vi) of this section apply.

(ii) We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum during the daylight hours of rabbit and squirrel season. We allow night hunting during December and January, and you may use dogs for night hunting.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit after December 31.

(iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1 hour after legal shooting hours.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, turkey, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: The conditions set forth at paragraphs (r)(1)(i), (v), and (vi) and (r)(2)(iv) of this section apply.

(4) Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow use of only electric trolling motors on all refuge waters while fishing.

(ii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.) requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.

(iii) We prohibit the taking of alligator snapping turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(s) Sabine National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, gallinule, and coot on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters may only hunt migratory game birds during designated refuge seasons.

(ii) We require all hunters to possess and carry a valid signed refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) and regulations brochure.

(iii) We prohibit entrance to the waterfowl hunting area earlier than 4 a.m. Shooting hours end at 2 p.m. each day.

(iv) Each hunter must complete and turn in a Migratory Bird Hunt Report (FWS Form 3-2361) from a self-clearing check station after each hunt.

(v) We allow only portable blinds and those made of native vegetation. Hunters must remove portable blinds, decoys, spent shells, and all other personal equipment after each day's hunt (see §§ 27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

(vi) We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 meters (m)) of refuge canals; waterways; public roads; buildings; aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities; or designated public facilities. Hunting parties must maintain a distance of no less than 150 yards (135 m) away from another hunter.

(vii) When migratory bird hunting, you may only use dogs for the purpose of locating, pointing, and retrieving.

(2)-(3) [Reserved]

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing, crabbing, and cast netting on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Bank and wharf access for fishing are available year-round at the public use areas along State Highway 27. Anglers may access the refuge for fishing by boat only during the March 15 to October 15 open period. You may launch boats at designated boat ramps only.

(ii) We allow fishing with a rod and reel, pole and line, or jug and line. We prohibit possession of any other type of fishing gear, including limb lines, gill nets, or trot lines. Jug line limit is up to 10 per boat, and you must attend them at all times. The angler must mark all jugs with their fishing license number (State requirement) and remove the jugs from the refuge at the end of each day (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit fishing from October 16 through March 14 in Units 1A and 1B.

(iv) Anglers can travel the refuge by boat from 1 hour before legal sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset in order to access fishing areas; however, we prohibit fishing activities before legal sunrise and after legal sunset.

(v) We allow recreational crabbing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(A) We allow only recreational crabbing with cotton hand lines or drop nets up to 24 inches (60 centimeters) outside diameter. We prohibit using floats on crab lines.

(B) Anglers must remove all hand lines, drop nets, and bait from the refuge upon leaving (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(C) We allow a daily limit of 5 dozen (60) crabs per vehicle or boat.

(vi) We allow recreational cast netting in designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(A) We allow recreational cast netting from boats only from legal sunrise to legal sunset during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.

(B) Anglers must immediately return all incidental take (bycatch) to the water before continuing to cast.

(C) The daily shrimp limit during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season is 5 gallons (19 liters (L)) of heads-on shrimp per day, per vehicle or boat.

(D) The daily bait shrimp limit is 1 gallon (3.8 L) per day, per boat, outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.

(E) Shrimp must remain in your actual custody while on the refuge.

(vii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(t) Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, coot, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunting of duck and coot on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays until 2 p.m. during the State season. We prohibit migratory bird hunting during refuge gun hunts for deer.

(ii) We allow refuge hunters to enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m., and they must leave no later than 2 hours after legal sunset unless they are participating in the refuge nighttime raccoon hunt.

(iii) We allow all-terrain vehicle (ATV) travel on designated trails for access typically from October 1 to the last day of the refuge squirrel season.

(iv) We prohibit field dressing of game within 150 feet (45 meters) of parking areas, maintained roads, and trails.

(v) An adult age 18 or older must supervise youth hunters age 17 and younger during all hunts. One adult may supervise two youths during small game and migratory bird hunts but may supervise only one youth during big game hunts. Youth must remain within normal voice contact of the adult who is supervising them.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon, squirrel, and rabbit on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow nighttime raccoon hunting beginning the third Saturday in December and ending January 31. We allow raccoon hunters to hunt from legal sunset to legal sunrise with the aid of dogs, horses, and mules, and with use of lights. We allow such use of lights on the refuge only at the point of kill. We prohibit all other use of lights for Start Printed Page 47719hunting on the refuge. Hunters must attempt to take treed raccoons.

(ii) We allow the use of dogs when squirrel and rabbit hunting subject to the following conditions:

(A) We allow hunting without dogs from the beginning of the State season to December 31; during this time period, we do not require hunters to wear hunter orange.

(B) We allow squirrel and rabbit hunting with or without dogs from January 1 to the last day of February.

(C) We allow no more than three dogs per hunting party.

(iii) We close squirrel and rabbit hunting during the following gun hunts for deer: Refuge-wide youth hunt, primitive firearms hunt, and modern firearms hunt.

(iv) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (v) of this section apply.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Deer archery season will begin the first Saturday in November and will conclude on January 31. We prohibit archery hunting during the following refuge-wide deer hunts: Youth gun hunt and modern firearms hunts.

(ii) The deer primitive firearms season will occur between November 1 and January 31. We allow all legal primitive firearms as governed by State regulations.

(iii) During the deer primitive firearms season, hunters may fit any legal primitive firearms with magnified scopes. We allow hunters using primitive weapons to hunt reforested areas. We prohibit youth hunters from using modern firearms during the primitive weapon hunt.

(iv) During modern firearm hunts, all firearm hunting, even hunting with primitive weapons or muzzleloaders, is governed by applicable Federal and State regulations. We require a quota hunt permit for these hunts. We prohibit hunting in reforested areas. We prohibit hunting and/or shooting into or across any reforested area during the quota hunt for deer.

(v) For the guided quota youth hunts, we consider youth to be ages 8 through 15.

(vi) We will conduct a refuge-wide youth deer hunt. Hunt dates will be available at refuge headquarters typically in July. An adult age 18 or older must supervise a youth hunter age 15 or younger during the hunt. One adult may supervise only one youth during the deer hunt. A youth hunter must remain within normal voice contact of the supervising adult.

(vii) Hunters may take only one deer (one buck or one doe) per day during refuge deer hunts except during guided youth and wheelchair-bound hunts when the limit will be one antlerless and one antlered deer per day.

(viii) We designate refuge turkey hunt dates in the refuge hunting brochure (signed brochure).

(ix) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (t)(1)(ii) through (iv) of this section apply.

(x) We allow muzzleloader hunters to discharge their primitive firearms at the end of each hunt safely into the ground at least 150 feet (135 meters (m)) from any designated public road, maintained road, trail, fire break, dwelling, or aboveground oil and gas production facility. We define a “maintained road or trail” as one that has been mowed, disked, or plowed, or one that is free of trees.

(xi) We prohibit deer hunters leaving deer stands unattended before the opening day of the refuge archery season. Hunters must remove stands by the end of the last day of the refuge archery season (see § 27.93 of this chapter). Hunters must clearly mark stands left unattended on the refuge with the stand owner's State hunting license number. Hunters must remove portable stands from trees each day and place freestanding stands in a nonhunting position when unattended.

(xii) We allow hunting with slugs, rifle, or pistol ammunition larger than .22 caliber rimfire only during the quota hunts for deer. We prohibit use of buckshot when hunting.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow anglers to enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m., and they must depart no later than 2 hours after legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

(iii) We prohibit fish cleaning within 150 feet (45 m) of parking areas, maintained roads, and trails.

(u) Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, dove, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) You must carry a signed refuge hunt permit (signed public use regulations brochure) and must carry and fill out daily a Visitor Check-In Permit and Report (FWS Form 3-2405).

(ii) Hunters may only hunt during designated refuge seasons as listed in the signed refuge hunt permit.

(iii) We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State season.

(iv) Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit the refuge no later than 1:30 p.m.

(v) We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 meters (m)) of the maintained rights-of-way of roads and from or across all-terrain vehicle (ATV) trails. We prohibit hunting within 50 feet (15 m) of, or trespassing on, aboveground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities.

(vi) When hunting migratory game birds, you may only use dogs to locate, point, and retrieve.

(vii) We allow ATVs only on trails designated for their use and marked by signs (see § 27.31 of this chapter). ATV trails are closed March 1 through August 31.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, rabbit, raccoon, and opossum on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v), and (vii) of this section apply.

(ii) You may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must exit no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The conditions set forth at paragraphs (u)(1)(i), (ii), (v), and (vii) and (u)(2)(ii) of this section apply.

(ii) Deer hunters must wear hunter orange as governed by State deer hunting regulations in wildlife management areas.

(iii) We prohibit hunters from placing stands or hunting from stands on pine trees with white-painted bands and/or rings.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the refuge overnight (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(ii) You must tend trotlines daily. You must attach ends of trotlines by a length of cotton line that extends into the water.

(iii) Recreational fishing using commercial gear (slat traps, etc.) requires a special refuge permit (Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G)), which is available at the refuge office. You must possess and carry the special refuge permit while fishing using commercial gear.

(iv) We prohibit the taking of turtle (see § 27.21 of this chapter).

Maine.

The following refuge units are open for hunting and/or fishing as governed Start Printed Page 47720by applicable Federal and State regulations, and are listed in alphabetical order with additional refuge-specific regulations.

(a) Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, American woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally signed Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours.

(iii) We only allow portable or temporary blinds and decoys that must be removed from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species during State hunt seasons for migratory birds.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of ruffed grouse, snowshoe hare, red fox, gray and red squirrel, raccoon, skunk, and woodchuck on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We require every hunter to possess and carry a personally signed Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System).

(ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons at night.

(iii) We prohibit hunting of upland game species on refuge lands between April 1 and September 30.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs when hunting raccoon or red fox. We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for upland game.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat, eastern coyote, moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition set forth at paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section applies.

(ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 2 hours before legal shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing eastern coyotes at night.

(iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes, harvested on the refuge.

(iv) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.

(v) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge overnight with your hunting license number. You must remove your tree stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the last day of the muzzleloader deer season (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(vi) You may hunt black bear, eastern coyote, and white-tailed deer during the State archery and firearms deer seasons on that part of the Baring Division that lies east of State Route 191.

(vii) We prohibit use of firearms to hunt bear and coyote during the archery deer season on that part of the Baring Division that lies east of Route 191. We prohibit the use of firearms, other than a muzzleloader, to hunt coyote during the deer muzzleloader season on that part of the Baring Division that lies east of Route 191.

(viii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting black bear, bobcat, and eastern coyote. We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for big game.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We only allow fishing from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.

(b) Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, woodcock, rail, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs for retrieving migratory game birds.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow the use of dogs for hunting ruffed grouse.

(ii) You may hunt coyotes from November 1 to March 31.

(iii) Hunters must retrieve all species, including coyotes, harvested on the refuge.

(iv) We prohibit night hunting from 1/2 hour after legal sunset until 1/2 hour before legal sunrise the following day.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and black bear on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Petit Manan Point is open only during the State-prescribed muzzleloader deer season.

(ii) We allow black bear hunting during the firearm season for white-tailed deer.

(iii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour prior to legal sunrise and remain on the refuge 1 hour after legal sunset.

(4) [Reserved]

(c) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, coot, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must obtain a Migratory Bird Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the permit at all times.

(ii) We open designated youth hunting areas to hunters age 15 and younger who possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System). Youth hunters must be accompanied by an adult age 18 or older. The accompanying adult must possess and carry a refuge hunting permit (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) and may also hunt.

(iii) We allow the use of dogs when hunting migratory game birds and upland game species.

(iv) You may use seasonal blinds with a Special Use Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G). A permitted seasonal blind is available to permitted hunters on a first-come, first-served basis. The permit holder for the blind is responsible for the removal of the blind at the end of the season and compliance with all conditions of the Special Use Permit.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, grouse, fox, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Prior to entering designated refuge hunting areas, you must obtain a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2439, Hunt Application—National Wildlife Refuge System) and sign and carry the permit at all times

(ii) We allow take of pheasant, quail, and grouse by falconry on the refuge during State seasons.

(iii) The condition set forth at paragraph (c)(1)(iii) of this section applies.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and turkey on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) The condition as set forth at paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section applies.Start Printed Page 47721

(ii) We allow hunting with shotgun and archery only. We prohibit rifles and muzzleloading firearms for hunting.

(iii) We allow turkey hunting during the fall season only, as designated by the State.

(iv) We allow only archery on those areas of the Little River division open to hunting.

(v) During the State firearm deer season, we only allow hunting of fox and coyote with archery or shotgun as incidental take with a refuge big game permit.

(vi) We allow hunting from 1/2 hour before legal sunrise to 1/2 hour after legal sunset.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow fishing from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

(ii) We prohibit lead jigs and sinkers.

(iii) We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.

(d) Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game birds on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for migratory bird game hunting.

(2) Upland game hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow eastern coyote hunting from October 1 to March 31.

(ii) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours, except for hunters pursuing raccoons and coyotes at night.

(iii) The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes, harvested on the refuge.

(iv) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location and retrieval of game species during State hunting seasons for upland game.

(3) Big game hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat, moose, and white-tailed deer on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal shooting hours, and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours.

(ii) We allow portable tree stands, blinds, and ladders. You must clearly label any tree stand, blind, or ladder left on the refuge overnight with your name and hunting license number. You must remove your tree stand(s), blind(s), and/or ladder(s) from the refuge on the last day of the muzzleloader deer season (see § 27.93 of this chapter).

(iii) We allow the use of dogs to assist in the location of game species during State hunting seasons for big game.

(4) Sport fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following condition: We prohibit trapping fish for use as bait on the refuge.

(e) Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge—(1) Migratory game bird hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, snipe, coot, crow, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge subject to the following conditions:

(i) Hunters must remove temporary blinds, boats, and decoys from the refuge following each day's hunt (see § 27.93 of this chapter).