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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc., Airplanes

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

SUMMARY:

The FAA proposes to supersede Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2003-09-04 R1, which applies to certain Bombardier, Inc., Model CL-600-2B19 (Regional Jet series 100 & 440) airplanes. AD 2003-09-04 R1 requires revising the airworthiness limitations for certain structural inspections; repair if necessary; and submission of inspection findings to the airplane manufacturer. Since the FAA issued AD 2003-09-04 R1, the agency determined that additional airplanes are affected, that new or more restrictive airworthiness limitations are necessary, and that the compliance time must be revised to include a phase-in time for certain tasks. This proposed AD would revise the applicability to include additional airplanes; revise certain compliance times; and require revising the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to incorporate new or more restrictive airworthiness limitations. The FAA is proposing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES:

The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by December 16, 2019.

ADDRESSES:

You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Fax: 202-493-2251.
  • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-Start Printed Page 5806330, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

For service information identified in this NPRM, contact Bombardier, Inc., 200 Côte-Vertu Road West, Dorval, Québec H4S 2A3, Canada; North America toll-free telephone 1-866-538-1247 or direct-dial telephone 1-514-855-2999; email ac.yul@aero.bombardier.com; internet http://www.bombardier.com. You may view this referenced service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations .gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0720; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for Docket Operations is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Andrea Jimenez, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Mechanical Systems Section, FAA, New York ACO Branch, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516-228-7330; fax 516-794-5531; email 9-avs-nyaco-cos@faa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

The FAA invites you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2019-0720; Product Identifier 2019-NM-117-AD” at the beginning of your comments. The agency specifically invites comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. The FAA will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD based on those comments.

The FAA will post all comments received, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact received about this proposed AD.

Discussion

The FAA issued AD 2003-09-04 R1, Amendment 39-13305 (68 FR 54985, September 22, 2003) (“AD 2003-09-04 R1”), for certain Bombardier Model CL-600-2B19 (Regional Jet series 100 & 440) airplanes. (AD 2003-09-04 R1 revised AD 2003-09-04, Amendment 39-13133 (68 FR 22587, April 29, 2003).) AD 2003-09-04 R1 requires revising the airworthiness limitations section of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness to incorporate new structural inspection intervals for the pressure floor skin of the center fuselage at fuselage stations 460 and 513; repair if necessary; and submission of inspection findings to the airplane manufacturer. AD 2003-09-04 R1 resulted from a report of fatigue cracks on the pressure floor skin of the center fuselage at fuselage stations 460 and 513. The FAA issued AD 2003-09-04 R1 to address fatigue cracks of the pressure floor skin of the center fuselage at fuselage stations 460 and 513, which could result in failure of the pressure floor skin and consequent rapid decompression of the airplane during flight.

Actions Since AD 2003-09-04 R1 Was Issued

Since the FAA issued AD 2003-09-04 R1, the agency has determined that the applicability must be revised to include additional airplane serial numbers, that new or more restrictive airworthiness limitations are necessary, and that the compliance time must be revised to include a phase-in time for certain airworthiness limitations tasks.

Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), which is the civil aviation authority for Canada, has issued Canadian AD CF-2002-39R2, dated August 15, 2019 (referred to after this as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for certain Bombardier Model CL-600-2B19 (Regional Jet series 100 & 440) airplanes.

This proposed AD was prompted by a report of fatigue cracks on the pressure floor skin of the center fuselage at fuselage stations 460 and 513. The FAA is proposing this AD to address such fatigue cracks, which could result in failure of the pressure floor skin and consequent rapid decompression of the airplane during flight. See the MCAI for additional background information.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

Bombardier has issued Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2265, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual; and Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2266, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual. These temporary revisions describe airworthiness limitations for inspections of the pressure floor skin. These documents are distinct since they describe different airworthiness limitations.

This service information is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

FAA's Determination

This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to the FAA's bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, the agency has been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. The FAA is proposing this AD because the agency evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design.

Proposed Requirements of This NPRM

This proposed AD would require revising the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, to incorporate new or more restrictive airworthiness limitations.

This AD requires revisions to certain operator maintenance documents to include new actions (e.g., inspections). Compliance with these actions is required by 14 CFR 91.403(c). For airplanes that have been previously modified, altered, or repaired in the areas addressed by this proposed AD, the operator may not be able to accomplish the actions described in the revisions. In this situation, to comply with 14 CFR 91.403(c), the operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance according to paragraph (k)(1) of this proposed AD. The request should include a description of changes to the required actions that will ensure the continued damage tolerance of the affected structure.Start Printed Page 58064

Differences Between This Proposed AD and the MCAI or Service Information

The MCAI specifies that if there are findings from the airworthiness limitations section (ALS) inspection tasks, corrective actions must be accomplished in accordance with Bombardier maintenance documentation. However, this proposed AD does not include that requirement. Operators of U.S.-registered airplanes are required by general airworthiness and operational regulations to perform maintenance using methods that are acceptable to the FAA. The FAA considers those methods to be adequate to address any corrective actions necessitated by the findings of ALS inspections required by this proposed AD.

Costs of Compliance

The FAA estimates that this proposed AD would affect 37 airplanes of U.S. registry.

The FAA has determined that revising the maintenance or inspection program takes an average of 90 work-hours per operator, although the agency recognizes that this number may vary from operator to operator. In the past, the agency has estimated that this action takes 1 work-hour per airplane. Since operators incorporate maintenance or inspection program changes for their affected fleet(s), the FAA has determined that a per-operator estimate is more accurate than a per-airplane estimate. Therefore, the agency estimates the average total cost per operator to be $7,650 (90 work-hours × $85 per work-hour).

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

This proposed AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to transport category airplanes and associated appliances to the Director of the System Oversight Division.

Regulatory Findings

The FAA determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,

(2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and

(3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

  • Air transportation
  • Aircraft
  • Aviation safety
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Safety
End List of Subjects

The Proposed Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2003-09-04 R1, Amendment 39-13305 ( 68 FR 54985, September 22, 2003), and adding the following new AD:

End Amendment Part

Bombardier, Inc.: Docket No. FAA-2019-0720; Product Identifier 2019-NM-117-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

The FAA must receive comments by December 16, 2019.

(b) Affected ADs

This AD replaces AD 2003-09-04 R1, Amendment 39-13305 (68 FR 54985, September 22, 2003) (“AD 2003-09-04 R1”).

(c) Applicability

This AD applies to Bombardier Model CL-600-2B19 (Regional Jet series 100 & 440) airplanes, certificated in any category, serial numbers 7003 through 8999 inclusive.

(d) Subject

Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 53, Fuselage.

(e) Reason

This AD was prompted by a report of cracks occurring on the pressure floor skin at fuselage stations (FS) 460 and 513. The FAA is issuing this AD to address such fatigue cracks, which could result in failure of the pressure floor skin and consequent rapid decompression of the airplane during flight.

(f) Compliance

Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(g) Maintenance Program Revision for Serial Numbers 7003 Through 8079

For airplane serial numbers 7003 through 8079 inclusive: Within 30 days from the effective date this AD, revise the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, by incorporating the information specified in Airworthiness Limitations (AWL) task number 53-41-149 of Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2265, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual.

(1) The initial compliance time for doing the task is at the time specified in figure 1 to paragraph (g) of this AD, or within 90 days after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later.

(2) For airplanes on which Bombardier Service Bulletin 601R-53-067, Bombardier Service Bulletin 601R-53-077, and AWL task number 53-41-194 have been done, the inspections in AWL task number 53-41-149 are not required in the areas covered by doublers at FS460 and FS513.

Start Printed Page 58065

(3) For airplanes on which the initial inspection has been accomplished at 18,325 or more total flight cycles, and no cracks were found, as of October 7, 2003 (the effective date of AD 2003-09-04), the repetitive interval of 10,000 flight cycles starts from the completion date of the initial inspection.

(4) For airplanes that were previously inspected using AWL task number 53-41-193, perform inspection in AWL task number 53-41-149 within 10,000 flight cycles from the previously accomplished inspection.

(h) Maintenance Program Revision for Serial Numbers 8080 Through 8999

(1) For airplane serial numbers 8080 through 8999 inclusive: Within 30 days from the effective date of this AD, revise the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, by incorporating the information specified in AWL task number 53-41-193 of Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2266, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual. Except as specified in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD, the initial compliance time for doing the task is at the time specified in Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2266, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual, or within 90 days after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs later

(2) For airplanes that were previously inspected using AWL task number 53-41-149, perform inspection in AWL task number 53-41-193 within 10,000 flight cycles from the previously accomplished inspection.

(i) Corrective Actions

If any crack is found during any inspection required by this AD, before further flight, do the actions specified in paragraphs (i)(1) and (2) of this AD.

(1) Repair using a method approved by the Manager, New York ACO Branch, FAA; or Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA); or Bombardier, Inc.'s TCCA Design Approval Organization (DAO). If approved by the DAO, the approval must include the DAO-authorized signature.

(2) Revise the existing maintenance or inspection program, as applicable, by inserting a copy of the new airworthiness limitation and inspection requirements associated with the repair approved by the FAA, TCCA, or DAO specified in paragraph (i)(1) of this AD into Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2265, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual; or Bombardier CL-600-2B19 Temporary Revision 2B-2266, dated July 19, 2018, to Appendix B—Airworthiness Limitations, of Part 2 of the Bombardier Maintenance Requirements Manual; as applicable.

(j) No Alternative Actions or Intervals

After the maintenance or inspection program has been revised as required by paragraphs (g), (h), and (i)(2) of this AD, as applicable, no alternative actions (e.g., inspections) or intervals may be used unless the actions or intervals are approved as an AMOC in accordance with the procedures specified in paragraph (k)(1) of this AD.

(k) Other FAA AD Provisions

(1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, New York ACO Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the manager of the certification office, send it to ATTN: Program Manager, Continuing Operational Safety, FAA, New York ACO Branch, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516-228-7300; fax 516-794-5531.

(i) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office.

(ii) AMOCs approved previously for AD 2003-09-04 R1 are approved as AMOCs for the corresponding provisions of this AD.

(2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective Start Printed Page 58066actions from a manufacturer, the action must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, New York ACO Branch, FAA; or TCCA; or Bombardier, Inc.'s TCCA DAO. If approved by the DAO, the approval must include the DAO-authorized signature.

(l) Related Information

(1) Refer to Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information (MCAI) Canadian AD CF-2002-39R2, dated August 15, 2019, for related information. This MCAI may be found in the AD docket on the internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0720.

(2) For more information about this AD, contact Andrea Jimenez, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Mechanical Systems Section, FAA, New York ACO Branch, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone 516-228-7330; fax 516-794-5531; email 9-avs-nyaco-cos@faa.gov.

(3) For service information identified in this AD, contact Bombardier, Inc., 400 Côte-Vertu Road West, Dorval, Québec H4S 1Y9, Canada; Widebody Customer Response Center North America toll-free telephone 1-866-538-1247 or direct-dial telephone 1-514-855-2999; fax 514-855-7401; email ac.yul@aero.bombardier.com; Internet http://www.bombardier.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195.

Start Signature

Issued in Des Moines, Washington, on October 22, 2019.

Dionne Palermo,

Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2019-23529 Filed 10-29-19; 8:45 am]

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