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Proposed Rule

Air Plan Approval; Washington; Revised Public Notice Provisions and Other Miscellaneous Revisions

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Proposed rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve revisions to the general air quality regulations submitted by the Washington Department of Ecology. The four categories of revisions to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) proposed for approval in this action are: Revising the adoption by reference date for federal regulations cross referenced in the state regulations; revising the definition of volatile organic compounds (VOC) to match changes to the federal definition; updating public involvement procedures for the new source review air permitting program to reflect changes to the federal requirements, allowing greater use of electronic notice and electronic access to information; and correcting typographical errors and minor wording changes for clarity.

DATES:

Comments must be received on or before January 3, 2020.

ADDRESSES:

Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R10-OAR-2019-0635 at https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. The EPA may publish any comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA will generally not Start Printed Page 66364consider comments or comment contents located outside of the primary submission (i.e. on the web, cloud, or other file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit https://www.epa.gov/​dockets/​commenting-epa-dockets.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jeff Hunt, EPA Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue—Suite 155, Seattle, WA 98101, at (206) 553-0256, or hunt.jeff@epa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Throughout this document whenever “we,” “us,” or “our” is used, it is intended to refer to the EPA. This supplementary information section is arranged as follows:

Table of Contents

I. Background

II. Analysis of Rule Updates

III. Proposed Action

IV. Incorporation by Reference

V. Statutory and Executive Orders Review

I. Background

Section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) governs the process by which a state submits air quality requirements to the EPA for approval into the SIP. The SIP is a state's plan to implement, maintain, and enforce the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). Washington's general air quality regulations are set forth at Chapter 173-400 of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC). On November 5, 2019, the Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) submitted a SIP revision titled Revised Public Notice Provisions in Chapter 173-400 Washington Administrative Code and Other Miscellaneous Changes. This SIP revision includes changes to the public notice process as well as several miscellaneous changes proposed for approval as described below. We note that Ecology's SIP revision also included miscellaneous changes to the statewide Chapter 173-405 WAC Kraft Pulping Mills, Chapter 173-410 WAC Sulfite Pulping Mills, and Chapter 173-415 WAC Primary Aluminum Plants regulations which we will address in a separate action.

II. Analysis of Rule Updates

A. WAC 173-400-025

WAC 173-400-025 Adoption of Federal Rules, last approved by the EPA on October 6, 2016, adopts by reference the federal air quality regulations as they existed on January 1, 2016 (81 FR 69385). As part of the current submittal, Ecology revised WAC 173-400-025 to include changes to the federal air quality regulations as of January 24, 2018. This includes, with certain exceptions, Ecology's adoption by reference of 40 CFR 52.21, which implements the Prevention of Significant Deterioration permitting program. The EPA is proposing to approve this change.

B. Definition of VOC

In several actions promulgated between 2012 and 2016, the EPA revised the federal definition of VOC in 40 CFR 51.100(s) to add ten compounds defined as VOC-exempt.[1] In our February 25, 2016, final rule (81 FR 9339), the EPA also eliminated recordkeeping, emissions reporting, photochemical dispersion modeling and inventory requirements related to t-butyl acetate (also known as tertiary butyl acetate or TBAC; CAS Number: 540-88-5). As part of the current submittal, Ecology revised the definition for “Volatile organic compound (VOC)” in WAC 173-400-030(102) to include all federal updates as of Ecology's rule adoption.[2] The EPA is proposing to approve this change.

C. Permitting Public Involvement Requirements

On October 18, 2016, the EPA revised the public involvement requirements for federal, state, and local permitting programs, including the new source review permitting program (81 FR 71613). The EPA's final rule removed the mandatory requirement to provide public notice of a draft air permit through publication in a newspaper. Instead, the final rule allows for electronic notice (e-notice), including electronic access to the draft permit (e-access), as an option for permitting authorities implementing EPA-approved programs. The EPA anticipated that e-notice would enable permitting authorities to communicate permitting actions to the public more quickly and efficiently. The EPA further anticipated that e-access would expand access to permit-related documents. Ecology submitted revised versions of WAC 173-400-171 Public Notice and Opportunity for Public Comment and WAC 173-400-740 Permitting Public Involvement Requirements implementing these changes. A redline/strikeout analysis of the changes is included in the docket for this action. Ecology also added a definition in WAC 173-400-030(26) for the term “electronic means” to support the use of e-notice and e-access. The EPA is proposing to approve the submitted changes. We note that Ecology did not submit, and the EPA is not proposing to approve, WAC 173-400-171 subsections (3)(o), (12), and the portion of (3)(b) related to the regulation of toxic air pollutants, because these subsections are outside the scope of this current action.

D. Typographical Corrections and Stylistic Changes

As part of the Revised Public Notice Provisions in Chapter 173-400 Washington Administrative Code and Other Miscellaneous Changes submittal, Ecology submitted several non-substantive typographical and stylistic updates to WAC 173-400-030 Definitions, WAC 173-400-040 General Standards for Maximum Emissions, WAC 173-400-050 Emission Standards for Combustion and Incineration Units, WAC 173-400-060 Emission Standards for General Process Units, and WAC 173-400-105 Records, Monitoring, and Reporting. A redline/strikeout of the changes is included in the docket for this action. We note that Ecology did not submit all changes to Chapter 173-400 WAC as part of this current update. Specifically, Ecology submitted non-substantive revisions to WAC 173-400-030 subsections: (5), (13), (18), (29), (30), (35), (48), (53), (56), (59), (62), (72), (74), (82), (90), (91), (94), and (105). We note that Ecology renumbered many of the definitions contained in WAC 173-400-030 since our last approval (79 FR 59653, October 3, 2014). As noted in the proposed rulemaking for our October 3, 2014, final action, Ecology did not submit for approval the definition of `Toxic air pollutant (TAP)' or `toxic air contaminant' contained in WAC 173-400-030(91), because these pollutants are not criteria pollutants or EPA-identified precursors under section 110 of the CAA.[3] This definition was subsequently renumbered to WAC 173-400-030(96) and was again not submitted for approval. We also note that Washington did not submit as part of this SIP revision several new definitions added to WAC 173-400-030. Specifically, these definitions are WAC 173-400-030 subsections: (6), (45), (83), (89), (97), (100), (103) and (104). Ecology also did not submit as part of this SIP revision, changes to the definitions in Start Printed Page 66365subsubsections (30) and (36), subsequently renumbered to (32) and (38). Therefore, the EPA will retain the definitions last approved on October 3, 2014 (79 FR 59653). Similarly, Ecology submitted non-substantive changes to WAC 173-400-040 subsection (1) but did not submit the more substantive changes to subsection (2) as part of this update.[4] The EPA will retain the version of WAC 173-400-040(2) last approved on October 6, 2016 (81 FR 69386). We also note that our prior approval of WAC 173-400-040 did not include subsections (3) and (5), which were also not submitted as part of this update. Other non-substantive revisions submitted for approval include clarifying changes to WAC 173-400-050 subsection (1), WAC 173-400-060, and WAC 173-400-105, which are included in the docket for this action.

E. Benton Clean Air Agency

As discussed in our November 17, 2015 final approval, Benton Clean Air Agency (BCAA) generally uses Chapter 173-400 WAC for program implementation, with certain exceptions (80 FR 71695). Ecology requested that the EPA approve the Chapter 173-400 WAC revisions discussed above to apply within BCAA's jurisdiction, with one exception. BCAA does not implement WAC provisions related to the Prevention of Significant Deterioration permitting program under 173-400-700 through 173-400-750. Therefore, Ecology did not request approval of WAC 173-400-740 Permitting Public Involvement Requirements for BCAA's direct permitting jurisdiction. We also note that in our November 17, 2015, final approval, BCAA Regulation I, sections 4.01(A) and 4.01(B) replaced the WAC 173-400-030 definitions for “fugitive dust” and “fugitive emissions.” These two definitions were renumbered in the most recent rule revision to WAC 173-400-030(40) and (41), respectively. Similarly, in our prior approval, BCAA sections 4.02(B), 4.02(C)(1), and 4.02(C)(3) replaced WAC 173-400-040 subsections (4), (9)(a), and (9)(b), respectively. We are proposing to revise our approval of the Benton Clean Air Agency regulations accordingly.

We are also proposing to correct a typographical error from a previous approval. In our November 17, 2015 final approval, we approved WAC 173-400-081 (state effective April 1, 2011) to apply in BCAA's jurisdiction. In a subsequent final action published October 6, 2016 (81 FR 69389), our prior approval of WAC 173-400-081 was inadvertently deleted from 40 CFR 52.2470(c), Table 4—Additional Regulations Approved for Benton Clean Air Agency (BCAA) Jurisdiction. We are proposing to amend 40 CFR 52.2470 to correct this error.

III. Proposed Action

We are proposing to approve and incorporate by reference in the Washington SIP at 40 CFR 52.2470(c) the following revisions as shown in the table below. We are also proposing to correct 40 CFR 52.2470 for BCAA's jurisdiction, as discussed above.

State citationTitle/subjectState effective dateExplanations
40 CFR 52.2470(c), TABLE 2—ADDITIONAL REGULATIONS APPROVED FOR WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY (ECOLOGY) DIRECT JURISDICTION
Washington Administrative Code, Chapter 173-400—General Regulations for Air Pollution Sources
173-400-025Adoption of Federal Rules9/16/18
173-400-030Definitions9/16/18Except: 173-400-030(6); 173-400-030(32); 173-400-030(38); 173-400-030(45); 173-400-030(83); 173-400-030(89); 173-400-030(96); 173-400-030(97); 173-400-030(100); 173-400-030(103); 173-400-030(104).
173-400-040General Standards for Maximum Emissions9/16/18Except: 173-400-040(2); 173-400-040(3); 173-400-040(5).
173-400-050Emission Standards for Combustion and Incineration Units9/16/18Except: 173-400-050(2); 173-400-050(4); 173-400-050(5); 173-400-050(6).
173-400-060Emission Standards for General Process Units11/25/18
173-400-105Records, Monitoring, and Reporting11/25/18
173-400-171Public Notice and Opportunity for Public Comment9/16/18Except: The part of 173-400-171(3)(b) that says, • “or any increase in emissions of a toxic air pollutant above the acceptable source impact level for that toxic air pollutant as regulated under chapter 173-460 WAC”; 173-400-171(3)(o); 173-400-171(12).
173-400-740PSD Permitting Public Involvement Requirements9/16/18
40 CFR 52.2470(c), TABLE 4—ADDITIONAL REGULATIONS APPROVED FOR BENTON CLEAN AIR AGENCY (BCAA) JURISDICTION
Washington Administrative Code, Chapter 173-400—General Regulations for Air Pollution Sources
173-400-025Adoption of Federal Rules9/16/18
173-400-030Definitions9/16/18Except: 173-400-030(6); 173-400-030(32); 173-400-030(38); 173-400-030(40); 173-400-030(41); 173-400-030(45); 173-400-030(83); 173-400-030(89); 173-400-030(96); 173-400-030(97); 173-400-030(100); 173-400-030(103); 173-400-030(104).
Start Printed Page 66366
173-400-040General Standards for Maximum Emissions9/16/18Except: 173-400-040(2); 173-400-040(3); 173-400-040(4); 173-400-040(5); 173-400-040(9).
173-400-050Emission Standards for Combustion and Incineration Units9/16/18Except: 173-400-050(2); 173-400-050(4); 173-400-050(5); 173-400-050(6).
173-400-060Emission Standards for General Process Units11/25/18
173-400-105Records, Monitoring, and Reporting11/25/18
173-400-171Public Notice and Opportunity for Public Comment.9/16/18Except: The part of 173-400-171(3)(b) that says, • “or any increase in emissions of a toxic air pollutant above the acceptable source impact level for that toxic air pollutant as regulated under chapter 173-460 WAC”; 173-400-171(3)(o); 173-400-171(12).

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this rule, the EPA is proposing to include in a final EPA rule regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is proposing to incorporate by reference the regulations in section III above and correct the typographical error discussed in section II.E. in this preamble. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov.

V. Statutory and Executive Orders Review

Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this proposed action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this proposed action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866;
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because this action does not involve technical standards; and
  • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land in Washington except as specifically noted below and is also not approved to apply in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). Washington's SIP is approved to apply on non-trust land within the exterior boundaries of the Puyallup Indian Reservation, also known as the 1873 Survey Area. Under the Puyallup Tribe of Indians Settlement Act of 1989, 25 U.S.C. 1773, Congress explicitly provided state and local agencies in Washington authority over activities on non-trust lands within the 1873 Survey Area. Consistent with EPA policy, the EPA provided a consultation opportunity to the Puyallup Tribe in a letter dated March 21, 2018.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Lead
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Ozone
  • Particulate matter
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Sulfur oxides
  • Volatile organic compounds
End List of Subjects Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority Start Signature

Dated: November 22, 2019.

Chris Hladick,

Regional Administrator, Region 10.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  See 77 FR 37610 (June 22, 2012), 78 FR 9823 (February 12, 2013), 78 FR 53029 (August 28, 2013), 78 FR 62451 (October 22, 2013), 79 FR 17037 (March 27, 2014), 81 FR 9339 (February 25, 2016), and 81 FR 50330 (August 1, 2016).

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2.  On November 16, 2018, the EPA added HFO-1336mzz-Z to the list of compounds excluded from the regulatory definition of volatile organic compounds (83 FR 61127, November 28, 2018).

Back to Citation

3.  79 FR 39351, July 10, 2014, at page 39352.

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4.  Ecology also revised WAC 173-400-040 subsection (7), however the revised text was not part of the SIP.

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[FR Doc. 2019-26147 Filed 12-3-19; 8:45 am]

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