Coast Guard, DHS.
Temporary final rule.
The Coast Guard is establishing three temporary safety zones in the navigable waters of the Sacramento River near River Walk Park and the Tower Bridge in Sacramento, CA in support of the Sacramento New Years Eve Fireworks Display on December 31, 2019. These safety zones are necessary to protect personnel, vessels, and the marine environment from the dangers associated with pyrotechnics. Unauthorized persons or vessels are prohibited from entering into, transiting through, or remaining in the safety zones without permission of the Captain of the Port or a designated representative.
This rule is effective from 8:30 p.m. to 10 p.m. on December 31, 2019.
To view documents mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov, type USCG-2019-0967 in the “SEARCH” box and click “SEARCH.” Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rule.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
If you have questions on this rule, call or email Lieutenant Emily Rowan, U.S. Coast Guard Sector San Francisco; telephone (415) 399-7443, email SFWaterways@uscg.mil.
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Start Supplemental Information
I. Table of Abbreviations
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
COTP Captain of the Port San Francisco
DHS Department of Homeland Security
U.S.C. United States Code
II. Background Information and Regulatory History
The Coast Guard is issuing this temporary final rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment pursuant to authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision authorizes an agency to issue a rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment when the agency for good cause finds that those procedures are “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.” Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking with respect to this rule because it is impracticable. The Coast Guard did not receive final details for this event until November 5, 2019. There was insufficient time to undergo the full rulemaking process, including providing a reasonable comment period and considering those comments, because the Coast Guard must establish this temporary safety zone by December 31, 2019.
Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Delaying the effective date of this rule would be contrary to public interest because immediate action is necessary to respond to the potential safety hazards associated with the firework display near Sacramento, CA.
III. Legal Authority and Need for Rule
The Coast Guard is issuing this rule under authority 46 U.S.C. 70034 (previously 33 U.S.C. 1231). The Captain of the Port San Francisco has determined that potential hazards associated with the Sacramento New Year's Eve fireworks display on December 31, 2019, will be a safety concern for anyone within a 175-foot radius of the fireworks firing sites. This rule is needed to protect personnel, vessels, and the marine environment in the navigable waters around the fireworks firing site during the fireworks display.
IV. Discussion of the Rule
This rule establishes three temporary safety zones from 8:30 p.m. to 10 p.m. on December 31, 2019. At 8:30 p.m., 30 minutes prior to the commencement of the 20-minute fireworks display, scheduled to being at 9:00 p.m. on December 31, 2019, the three safety zones for the Sacramento New Years Eve Fireworks Display will encompass the navigable waters, from surface to bottom, around the fireworks firing sites within three respective circles each with a radius of 175 feet with the respective circle centers in approximate positions:
Southern Firing Site at 38°34′50″ N, 121°30′30″ W,
Northern Firing Site at 38°35′02″ N, 121°30′40″ W, and
Near the Tower Bridge at 38°34′50″ N, 121°30′30″ W (NAD83).
The safety zones shall terminate at 10 p.m. on December 31, 2019.
This regulation is needed to keep persons and vessels away from the immediate vicinity of the firework display locations to ensure the safety of participants, spectators, and transiting vessels. Except for persons or vessels authorized by the COTP or the COTP's designated representative, no person or vessel may enter or remain in the restricted areas. A “designated representative” means a Coast Guard Patrol Commander, including a Coast Guard coxswain, petty officer, or other officer operating a Coast Guard vessel or a Federal, State, or local officer designated by or assisting the COTP in the enforcement of the safety zones. The COTP or the COTP's designated representative will notify the maritime community of periods during which these zones will be enforced using information broadcasts.
V. Regulatory Analyses
We developed this rule after considering numerous statutes and executive orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our analyses based on a number of these statutes and Executive orders, and we discuss First Amendment rights of protestors.
A. Regulatory Planning and Review
Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits. Executive Order 13771 directs agencies to control regulatory costs through a budgeting process. This rule has not been designated a “significant regulatory action,” under Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, this rule has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and pursuant to OMB guidance it is exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 13771.
This regulatory action determination is based on the limited duration and narrowly tailored geographic area of the Start Printed Page 211safety zones. These safety zones impacts three, 175-foot-radius circular areas of the Sacramento River in Sacramento, CA for 2 hours and 30 minutes. The vessels desiring to transit through or around the temporary safety zones may do so upon express permission from the COTP or the COTP's designated representative.
B. Impact on Small Entities
The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, 5 U.S.C. 601-612, as amended, requires federal agencies to consider the potential impact of regulations on small entities during rulemaking. The term “small entities” comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
While some owners or operators of vessels intending to transit the temporary safety zones may be small entities, for the reasons stated in section V.A. above, this rule will not have a significant economic impact on any vessel owner or operator.
Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we want to assist small entities in understanding this rule. If the rule would affect your small business, organization, or governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247). The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities that question or complain about this rule or any policy or action of the Coast Guard.
C. Collection of Information
This rule will not call for a new collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520).
D. Federalism and Indian Tribal Governments
A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We have analyzed this rule under that Order and have determined that it is consistent with the fundamental federalism principles and preemption requirements described in Executive Order 13132.
Also, this rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, because it does not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes. If you believe this rule has implications for federalism or Indian tribes, please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section above.
E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble.
We have analyzed this rule under Department of Homeland Security Directive 023-01 and U.S. Coast Guard Environmental Planning Policy, COMDTINST 5090.1 (series), which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and have determined that this action is one of a category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This rule involves safety zones lasting two hours and thirty minutes that prevents entry to a 175-foot-radius area of the Sacramento River in Sacramento, CA. It is categorically excluded from further review under paragraph L60(a) in Table 3-1 of Department of Homeland Security Directive 023-01. A Record of Environmental Consideration supporting this determination is available in the docket where indicated under ADDRESSES.
G. Protest Activities
The Coast Guard respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are asked to contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to coordinate protest activities so that your message can be received without jeopardizing the safety or security of people, places or vessels.
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- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Security measures
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows:
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS
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1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
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2. Add § 165.T11-016 to read as follows: End Amendment Part
Safety zones; Sacramento New Years Eve Fireworks Display, Sacramento River, Sacramento, CA.
(a) Location. These temporary safety zones are established in the navigable waters of the Sacramento River near River Walk Park and the Tower Bridge in Sacramento, CA as depicted in National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Chart 18662. From 8:30 p.m. until 10 p.m. on December 31, 2019, the three temporary safety zones apply to all navigable waters of the Sacramento River, from surface to bottom, within three circles each with a radius of 175 feet with circle centers at each of the three fireworks firing sites, near River Walk Park and the Tower Bridge in Sacramento, CA, in approximate positions, respectively: Southern Firing Site at 38°34′50″ N, 121°30′30″ W, Northern Firing Site at 38°35′02″ N, 121°30′40″ W, and Near the Tower Bridge at 38°34′50″ N, 121°30′30″ W (NAD83).
(b) Definitions. As used in this section, “designated representative” means a Coast Guard Patrol Commander, including a Coast Guard coxswain, petty officer, or other officer Start Printed Page 212on a Coast Guard vessel, or a Federal, State, or local officer designated by or assisting the Captain of the Port San Francisco (COTP) in the enforcement of the safety zones.
(c) Regulations. (1) Under the general safety zone regulations in subpart B, you may not enter the safety zones described in paragraph (a) of this section unless authorized by the COTP or the COTP's designated representative.
(2) The safety zones are closed to all vessel traffic, except as may be permitted by the COTP or the COTP's designated representative.
(3) Vessel operators desiring to enter or operate within the safety zones must contact the COTP or the COTP's designated representative to obtain permission to do so. Vessel operators given permission to enter or operate in the safety zones must comply with all lawful orders or directions given to them by the COTP or the COTP's designated representative. Persons and vessels may request permission to enter the safety zones on VHF-23A or through the 24-hour Command Center at telephone (415) 399-3547.
(d) Enforcement period. This section will be enforced from 8:30 p.m. until 10 p.m. on December 31, 2019.
(e) Information broadcasts. The COTP or the COTP's designated representative will notify the maritime community of periods during which these zones will be enforced in accordance with § 165.7.
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Dated: December 23, 2019.
Howard H. Wright,
Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Alternate Captain of the Port, San Francisco.
[FR Doc. 2019-28191 Filed 12-30-19; 4:15 pm]
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P