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National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard; Draft Instructions on Testing Methods

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Notice and request for comments.


The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) of the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is soliciting comments and feedback on draft instructions on testing methods as it pertains to the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard (Standard).


Comments are due by March 4, 2020.


We invite you to submit written comments via the internet at All comments should refer to the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register. All comments submitted in response to this notice, including the identity of individuals or entities submitting comments, will be made available to the public on the internet via

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Trevor Findley, Deputy Director, Food Disclosure and Labeling Division, Fair Trade Practices Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, telephone (202) 690-3460, email

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On July 29, 2016, Public Law 114-216 amended the Agricultural Marketing Act Start Printed Page 5928of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621 et. seq.) (amended Act) to require USDA to establish a national, mandatory standard for disclosing any food that is or may be bioengineered. In accordance with the amended Act, USDA published final regulations to implement the Standard on December 21, 2018 (83 FR 65814). The regulations became effective on February 19, 2019, with a mandatory compliance date of January 1, 2022.

Foods that do not contain detectable modified genetic material are not bioengineered foods and do not require disclosure under the Standard. Under the definition of bioengineered food at 7 CFR 66.1, food does not contain modified genetic material if the genetic material is not detectable pursuant to § 66.9. The recordkeeping requirements for detectability at 7 CFR 66.9 specify the standards of performance for detectability testing. Paragraph (c) of 7 CFR 66.9 requires that analytical testing meet the following standard: (1) Laboratory quality assurance must ensure the validity and reliability of test results; (2) analytical method selection, validation, and verification must ensure that the testing method used is appropriate (fit for purpose) and that the laboratory can successfully perform the testing; (3) the demonstration of testing validity must ensure consistent accurate analytical performance; and (4) method performance specifications must ensure analytical tests are sufficiently sensitive for the purposes of the detectability requirements of this part.

In the preamble to the final regulations, USDA indicated that it would provide instructions regarding acceptable testing methodology used to satisfy that a food does not contain detectable modified genetic material. A draft of those instructions is now available on the AMS bioengineered food disclosure website at​rules-regulations/​be. With this notice, AMS is seeking comments on these draft instructions.

USDA previously provided an opportunity to comment on draft instructions to validate a refining process. At this time, we are only seeking feedback on the instructions on testing methods referenced in this notice. Any comments not directly related to these draft instructions will not be considered.

After reviewing the comments on these draft instructions, AMS will publish final instructions on its website. The final instructions will be maintained and available on the AMS website. These final instructions pertain to the requirements of the existing regulations, which can be found at​documents/​2018/​12/​21/​2018-27283/​national-bioengineered-food-disclosure-standard.

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1639.

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Dated: January 28, 2020.

Bruce Summers,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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[FR Doc. 2020-01906 Filed 1-31-20; 8:45 am]