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Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).
The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Airbus SAS Model A319-112, A319-115, A319-132, A320-214, A320-216, A320-232, A320-233, A320-251N, A320-271N, A321-211, A321-231, A321-232, A321-251N, and A321-253N airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports of finding container/galley end stop bumpers damaged in service. This AD requires replacement of the affected bumpers with serviceable bumpers, as specified in a European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which is incorporated by reference. The FAA is issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products.
This AD is effective March 12, 2020.
The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of March 12, 2020.
For the material incorporated by reference (IBR) in this AD, contact the EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 1000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this IBR material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu. You may view this IBR material at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195. It is also available in the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0610.
Examining the AD Docket
You may examine the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0610; or in person at Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The address for Docket Operations is U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206-231-3223.
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The EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Union, has issued EASA AD 2019-0106, dated May 15, 2019 (“EASA AD 2019-0106”) (also referred to as the Mandatory Continuing Airworthiness Information, or “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for certain Airbus SAS Model A319-112, A319-115, A319-132, A320-214, A320-216, A320-232, A320-233, A320-251N, A320-271N, A321-211, A321-231, A321-232, A321-251N, and A321-253N airplanes.
The FAA issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 by adding an AD that would apply to certain Airbus SAS Model A319-112, A319-115, A319-132, A320-214, A320-216, A320-232, A320-233, A320-251N, A320-271N, A321-211, A321-231, A321-232, A321-251N, and A321-253N airplanes. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on August 30, 2019 (84 FR 45692). The NPRM was prompted by reports of finding container/galley end stop bumpers damaged in service. The NPRM proposed to require replacement of the affected bumpers with serviceable bumpers.
The FAA is issuing this AD to address deformed end stops, which could break or lose their function to maintain the container/galley in position on the airplane. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to container/galley detachment under certain forward loading conditions, possibly resulting in injury to airplane occupants. See the MCAI for additional background information.
The FAA gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this final rule. The following presents the comment received on the NPRM and the FAA's response to the comment.
Request To Change the Service Information
American Airlines (AAL) requested that certain service information be changed to restrict installation of the containers in related compartments only during the adhesive cure time, rather than the specified 168 hours (7 days) after completion of certain tasks and to provide an alternative adhesive compound with a faster cure time that does not require heat. AAL stated that requirements related to the specified adhesive cure time would necessitate an unacceptable amount of aircraft downtime, which could jeopardize its ability to comply within the proposed compliance time.
The FAA disagrees. The FAA and EASA both have concluded that 48 months after the effective date of the AD is sufficient time for operators to plan and execute compliance requirements to mitigate the unsafe condition. Regarding the requirement to wait 168 hours before installing containers, the FAA notes that only certain compartments are affected. Operators who wish to install containers in those affected compartments in less than 168 hours may request an alternative method of compliance (AMOC) in accordance with paragraph (i)(1) of this AD, including providing sufficient data to substantiate that installing the containers in less than 168 hours would provide an acceptable level of safety. In addition, Safran is reportedly in the process of certifying an alternative adhesive with accelerated cure time, followed by changes to their service bulletin. However, to delay this AD action while Safran works toward certification of an alternative adhesive and releases revised service information would be inappropriate, since the FAA has determined that an unsafe condition exists and that sufficient technology currently exists to accomplish the required actions within the required compliance time. Once the alternative adhesive and revised service information are approved, operators may request to use the alternative adhesive and revised service information by using the AMOC provision provided in paragraph (i)(1) of this AD and submitting sufficient data to substantiate that the alternative adhesive would provide an acceptable level of safety. The FAA has not changed this AD in this regard.
The FAA reviewed the relevant data, considered the comment received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting this Start Printed Page 6756final rule as proposed, except for minor editorial changes. The FAA has determined that these minor changes:
- Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM for addressing the unsafe condition; and
- Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM.
Related IBR Material Under 1 CFR Part 51
EASA AD 2019-0106 describes procedures for modification of the affected galleys by replacement of the affected bumpers with serviceable bumpers.
This material is reasonably available because the interested parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.
Costs of Compliance
The FAA estimates that this AD affects 274 airplanes of U.S. registry. The FAA estimates the following costs to comply with this AD:
Estimated Costs for Required Actions
|Labor cost||Parts cost||Cost per product||Cost on U.S. operators|
|Up to 54 work-hours × $85 per hour = Up to $4,590||$0||Up to $4,590||Up to $1,257,660.|
According to the manufacturer, some or all of the costs of this AD may be covered under warranty, thereby reducing the cost impact on affected individuals. The FAA does not control warranty coverage for affected individuals. As a result, the FAA has included all known costs in the cost estimate.
Authority for This Rulemaking
Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.
This AD is issued in accordance with authority delegated by the Executive Director, Aircraft Certification Service, as authorized by FAA Order 8000.51C. In accordance with that order, issuance of ADs is normally a function of the Compliance and Airworthiness Division, but during this transition period, the Executive Director has delegated the authority to issue ADs applicable to transport category airplanes and associated appliances to the Director of the System Oversight Division.
This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,
(2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
(3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
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- Air transportation
- Aviation safety
- Incorporation by reference
Adoption of the Amendment
Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:
PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
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1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
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2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): End Amendment Part
2019-26-11 Airbus SAS: Amendment 39-21022; Docket No. FAA-2019-0610; Product Identifier 2019-NM-094-AD.
(a) Effective Date
This AD is effective March 12, 2020.
(b) Affected ADs
This AD applies to the Airbus SAS airplanes specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (3) of this AD, certificated in any category, as identified in European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019-0106, dated May 15, 2019 (“EASA AD 2019-0106”).
(1) Model A319-112, -115, and -132 airplanes.
(2) Model A320-214, -216, -232, -233, -251N, and -271N airplanes.
(3) Model A321-211, -231, -232, -251N, and -253N airplanes
Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 25, Equipment/furnishings.
This AD was prompted by reports of finding container/galley end stop bumpers damaged in service. The FAA is issuing this AD to address deformed end stops, which could break or lose their function to maintain the container/galley in position on the airplane. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to container/galley detachment under certain forward loading conditions, possibly resulting in injury to airplane occupants.
Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.
Except as specified in paragraph (h) of this AD: Comply with all required actions and compliance times specified in, and in accordance with, EASA AD 2019-0106.
(h) Exceptions to EASA AD 2019-0106
(1) Where EASA AD 2019-0106 refers to its effective date, this AD requires using the effective date of this AD.
(2) The “Remarks” section of EASA AD 2019-0106 does not apply to this AD.
(i) Other FAA AD Provisions
The following provisions also apply to this AD:Start Printed Page 6757
(1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending information directly to the International Section, send it to the attention of the person identified in paragraph (j) of this AD. Information may be emailed to: 9-ANM-116-AMOC-REQUESTS@faa.gov. Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding district office.
(2) Contacting the Manufacturer: For any requirement in this AD to obtain instructions from a manufacturer, the instructions must be accomplished using a method approved by the Manager, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA; or EASA; or Airbus SAS's EASA Design Organization Approval (DOA). If approved by the DOA, the approval must include the DOA-authorized signature.
(3) Required for Compliance (RC): For any service information referenced in EASA AD 2019-0106 that contains RC procedures and tests: Except as required by paragraph (i)(2) of this AD, RC procedures and tests must be done to comply with this AD; any procedures or tests that are not identified as RC are recommended. Those procedures and tests that are not identified as RC may be deviated from using accepted methods in accordance with the operator's maintenance or inspection program without obtaining approval of an AMOC, provided the procedures and tests identified as RC can be done and the airplane can be put back in an airworthy condition. Any substitutions or changes to procedures or tests identified as RC require approval of an AMOC.
(j) Related Information
For more information about this AD, contact Sanjay Ralhan, Aerospace Engineer, International Section, Transport Standards Branch, FAA, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA 98198; telephone and fax 206-231-3223.
(k) Material Incorporated by Reference
(1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference (IBR) of the service information listed in this paragraph under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
(2) You must use this service information as applicable to do the actions required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise.
(i) European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2019-0106, dated May 15, 2019.
(3) For information about EASA AD 2019-0106, contact the EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 89990 6017; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this EASA AD on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu.
(4) You may view this material at the FAA, Transport Standards Branch, 2200 South 216th St., Des Moines, WA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 206-231-3195. This material may be found in the AD docket on the internet at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2019-0610.
(5) You may view this material that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, email email@example.com, or go to: https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
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Issued on January 3, 2020.
Acting Director, System Oversight Division, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 2020-02322 Filed 2-5-20; 8:45 am]
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