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AGENCY:
Federal Student Aid, Department of Education.
ACTION:
Notice.
SUMMARY:
The Secretary announces the annual updates to the ICR plan formula for 2020 to give notice to borrowers and the public regarding how monthly ICR payment amounts will be calculated for the 20202021 year under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program, Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance number 84.063.
DATES:
The adjustments to the income percentage factors for the ICR plan formula contained in this notice are applicable from July 1, 2020, to June 30, 2021, for any borrower who enters the ICR plan or has his or her monthly payment amount recalculated under the ICR plan during that period.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Travis Sturlaugson, U.S. Department of Education, 830 First Street NE, Room 113H3, Washington, DC 20202. Telephone: (202) 3774174. Email: travis.sturlaugson@ed.gov.
If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service, toll free, at 18008778339.
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End Preamble
Start Supplemental Information
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Under the Direct Loan Program, borrowers may choose to repay their nondefaulted loans (Direct Subsidized Loans, Direct Unsubsidized Loans, Direct PLUS Loans made to graduate or professional students, and Direct Consolidation Loans) under the ICR plan. The ICR plan bases the borrower's repayment amount on the borrower's Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), family size, loan amount, and the interest rate applicable to each of the borrower's loans.
ICR is one of several incomedriven repayment plans. Other incomedriven repayment plans include the Income Based Repayment (IBR) plan, the Pay As You Earn Repayment (PAYE) plan, and the Revised Pay As You Earn Repayment (REPAYE) plan. The IBR, PAYE, and REPAYE plans provide lower payment amounts than the ICR plan for most borrowers.
A Direct Loan borrower who repays under the ICR plan pays the lesser of: (1) The monthly amount that would be required over a 12year repayment period with fixed payments, multiplied by an income percentage factor; or (2) 20 percent of discretionary income.
Each year, to reflect changes in inflation, we adjust the income percentage factor used to calculate a borrower's ICR payment, as required by 34 CFR 685.209(b)(1)(ii)(A). We use the adjusted income percentage factors to calculate a borrower's monthly ICR payment amount when the borrower initially applies for the ICR plan or when the borrower submits his or her annual income documentation, as required under the ICR plan. This notice contains the adjusted income percentage factors for 2020, examples of how the monthly payment amount in ICR is calculated, and charts showing sample repayment amounts based on the adjusted ICR plan formula. This information is included in the following three attachments:

Attachment 1—Income Percentage Factors for 2020

Attachment 2—Examples of the Calculations of Monthly Repayment Amounts

Attachment 3—Charts Showing Sample Repayment Amounts for Single and Married Borrowers
In Attachment 1, to reflect changes in inflation, we updated the income percentage factors that were published in the Federal Register on May 22, 2019 (84 FR 23539). Specifically, we have revised the table of income percentage factors by changing the dollar amounts of the incomes shown by a percentage equal to the estimated percentage change between the notseasonallyadjusted Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers for December 2019 and December 2020.
The income percentage factors reflected in Attachment 1 may cause a borrower's payments to be lower than they were in prior years, even if the borrower's income is the same as in the prior year. The revised repayment amount more accurately reflects the impact of inflation on the borrower's current ability to repay.
Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc) on request to the contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. You may access the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations at www.govinfo.gov. At this site, you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at this site.
You may also access documents of the Department published in the Federal Register by using the article search feature at www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published by the Department. Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1087 et seq.
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Mark A. Brown,
Chief Operating Officer, Federal Student Aid.
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Attachment 1—Income Percentage Factors for 2020Start Printed Page 33640
Income Percentage Factors for 2020
Single  Married/head of household 

AGI  % Factor  AGI  % Factor 

$12,392  55.00  $12,392  50.52 
$17,051  57.79  $19,552  56.68 
$21,940  60.57  $23,300  59.56 
$26,940  66.23  $30,461  67.79 
$31,715  71.89  $37,736  75.22 
$37,736  80.33  $47,398  87.61 
$47,398  88.77  $59,444  100.00 
$59,445  100.00  $71,496  100.00 
$71,496  100.00  $89,573  109.40 
$85,929  111.80  $119,691  125.00 
$110,029  123.50  $161,860  140.60 
$155,839  141.20  $226,369  150.00 
$178,683  150.00  $369,903  200.00 
$318,265  200.00   
Attachment 2—Examples of the Calculations of Monthly Repayment Amounts
General notes about the examples in this attachment:
 We have a calculator that borrowers can use to estimate what their payment amounts would be under the ICR plan. The calculator is called the “Loan Simulator” and is available at studentaid.gov/loansimulator. Based on information entered into the calculator by the borrower (for example, income, family size, and tax filing status), this calculator provides a detailed, individualized assessment of a borrower's loans and repayment plan options, including the ICR plan.
 The interest rates used in the examples are for illustration only. The actual interest rates on an individual borrower's Direct Loans depend on the loan type and when the postsecondary institution first disbursed the Direct Loan to the borrower.
 The Poverty Guideline amounts used in the examples are from the 2020 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Poverty Guidelines for the 48 contiguous States and the District of Columbia. Different Poverty Guidelines apply to residents of Alaska and Hawaii. The Poverty Guidelines for 2020 were published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2020 (85 FR 3060).
 All of the examples use an income percentage factor corresponding to an adjusted gross income (AGI) in the table in Attachment 1. If an AGI is not listed in the income percentage factors table in Attachment 1, the applicable income percentage can be calculated by following the instructions under the “Interpolation” heading later in this attachment.
 Married borrowers may repay their Direct Loans jointly under the ICR plan. If a married couple elects this option, we add the outstanding balance on the Direct Loans of each borrower and we add together both borrowers' AGIs to determine a joint ICR payment amount. We then prorate the joint payment amount for each borrower based on the proportion of that borrower's debt to the total outstanding balance. We bill each borrower separately.
 For example, if a married couple, John and Briana, has a total outstanding Direct Loan debt of $60,000, of which $40,000 belongs to John and $20,000 to Briana, we would apportion 67 percent of the monthly ICR payment to John and the remaining 33 percent to Briana. To take advantage of a joint ICR payment, married couples need not file taxes jointly; they may file separately and subsequently provide the other spouse's tax information to the borrower's Federal loan servicer.
Calculating the monthly payment amount using a standard amortization and a 12year repayment period.
The formula to amortize a loan with a standard schedule (in which each payment is the same over the course of the repayment period) is as follows:
M = P × < (I ÷ 12) ÷ [1−{1 + (I ÷ 12)}^−N]>
In the formula—
 M is the monthly payment amount;
 P is the outstanding principal balance of the loan at the time the loan entered repayment;
 I is the annual interest rate on the loan, expressed as a decimal (for example, for a loan with an interest rate of 6 percent, 0.06); and
 N is the total number of months in the repayment period (for example, for a loan with a 12year repayment period, 144 months).
For example, assume that Billy has a $10,000 Direct Unsubsidized Loan with an interest rate of 6 percent.
Step 1: To solve for M, first simplify the numerator of the fraction by which we multiply P, the outstanding principal balance. To do this divide I (the interest rate expressed as a decimal) by 12. In this example, Billy's interest rate is 6 percent. As a decimal, 6 percent is 0.06.
Step 2: Next, simplify the denominator of the fraction by which we multiply P. To do this divide I (the interest rate expressed as a decimal) by 12. Then, add one. Next, raise the sum of the two figures to the negative power that corresponds to the length of the repayment period in months. In this example, because we are amortizing a loan to calculate the monthly payment amount under the ICR plan, the applicable figure is 12 years, which is 144 months. Finally, subtract the result from one.
 0.06 ÷ 12 = 0.005
 1 + 0.005 = 1.005
 1.005 ⁁−144 = 0.48762628
 1−0.48762628 = 0.51237372
Step 3: Next, resolve the fraction by dividing the result from Step 1 by the result from Step 2.
 0.005 ÷ 0.51237372 = 0.0097585
Step 4: Finally, solve for M, the monthly payment amount, by multiplying the outstanding principal balance of the loan by the result of Step 3.
 $10,000 × 0.0097585 = $97.59
The remainder of the examples in this attachment will only show the results of the formula. In each of the examples, the Direct Loan amounts represent the outstanding principal balance at the time the loans entered repayment.
Example 1. Kesha is single with no dependents and has $15,000 in Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans. Start Printed Page 33641The interest rate on Kesha's loans is 6 percent, and she has an AGI of $31,715.
Step 1: Determine the total monthly payment amount based on what Kesha would pay over 12 years using standard amortization. To do this, use the formula that precedes Example 1. In this example, the monthly payment amount would be $146.38.
Step 2: Multiply the result of Step 1 by the income percentage factor shown in the income percentage factors table (see Attachment 1 to this notice) that corresponds to Kesha's AGI. In this example, an AGI of $31,715 corresponds to an income percentage factor of 71.89 percent.
 0.7189 × $146.38 = $105.23
Step 3: Now, determine the monthly payment amount equal to 20 percent of Kesha's discretionary income (discretionary income is AGI minus the HHS Poverty Guideline amount for a borrower's family size and State of residence). To do this, subtract the HHS Poverty Guideline amount for a family of one from Kesha's AGI, multiply the result by 20 percent, and then divide by 12:
 $31,715−$12,760 = $18,955
 $18,955 × 0.20 = $3,791
 $3,791 ÷ 12 = $315.91
Step 4: Compare the amount from Step 2 with the amount from Step 3. In this example, Kesha would pay the amount calculated under Step 2 ($105.23), since this is the lesser of the two payment amounts.
Note:
Kesha would have a lower payment under other incomedriven repayment plans. Specifically, Kesha's payment would be $104.79 under the PAYE and REPAYE plans. However, Kesha's payment would be $157.18 under the IBR plan, which is higher than the payment she would have under the ICR plan.
Example 2. Paul is married to Jesse and they have no dependents. They file their Federal income tax return jointly. Paul has a Direct Loan balance of $10,000, and Jesse has a Direct Loan balance of $15,000. Each of their Direct Loans has an interest rate of 6 percent.
Paul and Jesse have a combined AGI of $89,573 and are repaying their loans jointly under the ICR plan (for general information regarding joint ICR payments for married couples, see the fifth and sixth bullets under the heading “General notes about the examples in this attachment”).
Step 1: Add Paul's and Jesse's Direct Loan balances to determine their combined aggregate loan balance:
 $10,000 + $15,000 = $25,000
Step 2: Determine the combined monthly payment amount for Paul and Jesse based on what both borrowers would pay over 12 years using standard amortization. To do this, use the formula that precedes Example 1. In this example, their combined monthly payment amount would be $243.96.
Step 3: Multiply the result of Step 2 by the income percentage factor shown in the income percentage factors table (see Attachment 1 to this notice) that corresponds to Paul and Jesse's combined AGI. In this example, the combined AGI of $89,573 corresponds to an income percentage factor of 109.40 percent.
 1.094 × $243.96 = $266.90
Step 4: Now, determine the monthly payment amount equal to 20 percent of Paul and Jesse's combined discretionary income (discretionary income is AGI minus the HHS Poverty Guideline amount for a borrower's family size and State of residence). To do this, subtract the Poverty Guideline amount for a family of two from the combined AGI, multiply the result by 20 percent, and then divide by 12:
 $89,573−$17,240 = $72,333
 $72,333 × 0.20 = $14,466.60
 $14,466.60 ÷ 12 = $1,205.55
Step 5: Compare the amount from Step 3 with the amount from Step 4. Paul and Jesse would jointly pay the amount calculated under Step 3 ($266.90), since this is the lesser of the two amounts.
Note:
For Paul and Jesse, the ICR plan provides the lowest monthly payment of any incomedriven repayment plan available. Paul and Jesse would not be eligible for the IBR or PAYE plans, and would have a combined monthly payment under the REPAYE plan of $530.94.
Step 6: Because Paul and Jesse are jointly repaying their Direct Loans under the ICR plan, the monthly payment amount calculated under Step 5 applies to Paul's and Jesse's combined loans. To determine the amount for which each borrower will be responsible, prorate the amount calculated under Step 4 by each spouse's share of the combined Direct Loan debt. Paul has a Direct Loan debt of $10,000 and Jesse has a Direct Loan debt of $15,000. For Paul, the monthly payment amount will be:
 $10,000 ÷ ($10,000 + $15,000) = 40 percent
 0.40 × $266.90 = $106.76
For Jesse, the monthly payment amount will be:
 $15,000 ÷ ($10,000 + $15,000) = 60 percent
 0.60 × $266.90 = $160.14
Example 3. Santiago is single with no dependents and has a combined balance of $60,000 in Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans. Each of Santiago's loans has an interest rate of 6 percent, and Santiago's AGI is $37,736.
Step 1: Determine the total monthly payment amount based on what Santiago would pay over 12 years using standard amortization. To do this, use the formula that precedes Example 1. In this example, the monthly payment amount would be $585.51.
Step 2: Multiply the result of Step 1 by the income percentage factor shown in the income percentage factors table (see Attachment 1 to this notice) that corresponds to Santiago's AGI. In this example, an AGI of $37,736 corresponds to an income percentage factor of 80.33 percent.
 0.8033 × $585.51 = $470.34
Step 3: Now, determine the monthly payment amount equal to 20 percent of Santiago's discretionary income (discretionary income is AGI minus the HHS Poverty Guideline amount for a borrower's family size and State of residence). To do this, subtract the HHS Poverty Guideline amount for a family of one from Santiago's AGI, multiply the result by 20 percent, and then divide by 12:
 $37,736−$12,760 = $24,976
 $24,976 × 0.20 = $4,995.20
 $4,995.20 ÷ 12 = $416.27
Step 4: Compare the amount from Step 2 with the amount from Step 3. In this example, Santiago would pay the amount calculated under Step 3 ($416.27), since this is the lesser of the two amounts.
Note:
Santiago would have a lower payment under each of the other incomedriven plans. Specifically, Santiago's payment would be $154.97 under the PAYE and REPAYE plans and $232.45 under the IBR plan.
Interpolation. If an AGI is not included on the income percentage factor table, calculate the income percentage factor through linear interpolation. For example, assume that Jocelyn is single with an AGI of $50,000.
Step 1: Find the closest AGI listed that is less than Jocelyn's AGI of $50,000 ($47,398) and the closest AGI listed that is greater than Jocelyn's AGI of $50,000 ($59,445).
Step 2: Subtract the lower amount from the higher amount (for this discussion we will call the result the “income interval”):
 $59,445−$47,398 = $12,047
Step 3: Determine the difference between the two income percentage factors that correspond to the AGIs used in Step 2 (for this discussion, we will call the result the “income percentage factor interval”):
 100.00 percent−88.77 percent = 11.23 percent
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Step 4: Subtract from Jocelyn's AGI the closest AGI shown on the chart that is less than Jocelyn's AGI of $50,000:
Step 5: Divide the result of Step 4 by the income interval determined in Step 2:
 $2,602 ÷ $12,047 = 21.60 percent
Step 6: Multiply the result of Step 5 by the income percentage factor interval that was calculated in Step 3:
 11.23 percent × 21.60 percent = 2.43 percent
Step 7: Add the result of Step 6 to the lower of the two income percentage factors used in Step 3 to calculate the income percentage factor interval for an AGI of $50,000:
 2.43 percent + 88.77 percent = 91.20 percent (rounded to the nearest hundredth)
The result is the income percentage factor that we will use to calculate Jocelyn's monthly repayment amount under the ICR plan.
Attachment 3—Charts Showing Sample IncomeDriven Repayment Amounts for Single and Married Borrowers
Below are two charts that provide firstyear payment amount estimates for a variety of loan debt sizes and AGIs under each of the incomedriven repayment plans and the 10Year Standard Repayment Plan. The first chart is for single borrowers who have a family size of one. The second chart is for a borrower who is married or a head of household and who has a family size of three. The calculations in Attachment 3 assume that the loan debt has an interest rate of 6 percent. For married borrowers, the calculations assume that the borrower files a joint Federal income tax return and that the borrower's spouse does not have Federal student loans. A field with a “—” character indicates that the borrower in the example would not be eligible to enter the applicable incomedriven repayment plan based on the borrower's AGI, loan debt, and family size.
Sample FirstYear Monthly Repayment Amounts for a Single Borrower
Family size = 1 

 AGI  Plan  $20,000  $40,000  $60,000  $80,000  $100,000 

Initial Debt  $20,000  ICR  $116  $161  $195  $209  $232 
  IBR  11  —  —  —  — 
  PAYE  7  174  —  —  — 
  REPAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  10Year Standard  222  222  222  222  222 
 40,000  ICR  121  321  390  417  463 
  IBR  11  261  —  —  — 
  PAYE  7  174  340  —  — 
  REPAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  10Year Standard  444  444  444  444  444 
 60,000  ICR  121  454  586  626  695 
  IBR  11  261  511  —  — 
  PAYE  7  174  340  507  — 
  REPAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  10Year Standard  666  666  666  666  666 
 80,000  ICR  121  454  781  835  926 
  IBR  11  261  511  761  — 
  PAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  REPAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  10Year Standard  888  888  888  888  888 
 100,000  ICR  121  454  787  1,044  1,158 
  IBR  11  261  511  761  1,011 
  PAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  REPAYE  7  174  340  507  674 
  10Year Standard  1,110  1,110  1,110  1,110  1,110 
Sample FirstYear Monthly Repayment Amounts for a Married or HeadofHousehold Borrower
Family size = 3 

 AGI  Plan  $20,000  $40,000  $60,000  $80,000  $100,000 

Initial Debt  $20,000  ICR  $0  $152  $195  $204  $224 
  IBR  0  93  —  —  — 
  PAYE  0  62  —  —  — 
  REPAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  10Year Standard  222  222  222  222  222 
 $40,000  ICR  0  305  390  408  448 
  IBR  0  93  343  —  — 
  PAYE  0  62  229  395  — 
  REPAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  10Year Standard  444  444  444  444  444 
 $60,000  ICR  0  305  586  611  672 
  IBR  0  93  343  593  — 
  PAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  REPAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  10Year Standard  666  666  666  666  666 
 80,000  ICR  0  305  638  815  896 
  IBR  0  93  343  593  843 
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  PAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  REPAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  10Year Standard  888  888  888  888  888 
 100,000  ICR  0  305  638  971  1,120 
  IBR  0  93  343  593  843 
  PAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  REPAYE  0  62  229  395  562 
  10Year Standard  1,110  1,110  1,110  1,110  1,110 
End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. 202011818 Filed 6120; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 400001P