Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the State of North Carolina, through the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Air Quality (DAQ), with letters dated September 18, 2009, September 16, 2016, and July 10, 2019. These SIP revisions amend several of North Carolina's rules regarding construction and operating permits. This action is being finalized pursuant to the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act).
This rule is effective August 17, 2020.
EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket Identification No. EPA-R04-OAR-2019-0638. All documents in the docket are listed on the www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, some information may not be publicly available, i.e., Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air Regulatory Management Section, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air and Radiation Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding Federal holidays.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Evan Adams, Air Regulatory Management Section, Air Planning and Implementation Branch, Air and Radiation Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. The telephone number is (404) 562-9009. Mr. Adams can also be reached via electronic mail at email@example.com.
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EPA is approving SIP revisions submitted by DAQ, through letters dated September 18, 2009, September 16, 2016, and July 10, 2019. North Carolina's September 18, 2009, submittal revises rule 15A North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC) 02Q .0304, Applications, to make clarifying and ministerial edits. The September 16, 2016, submittal revises 15A NCAC 02D .0101, Definitions, and 15A NCAC 02Q .0101, Required Air Quality Permits; .0103, Definitions; and .0104, Where to Obtain and File Permit Applications, to make clarifying and administrative updates. Finally, the July 10, 2019, submittal readopts, and makes clarifying and ministerial edits to the following: 15A NCAC 02Q .0101, Required Air Quality Permits; .0103, Definitions; .0104, Where to Obtain and File Permit Applications; .0105, Copies of Referenced Documents; .0106, Incorporation by Reference; .0107, Confidential Information; .0108, Delegation of Authority; .0109, Compliance Schedule for Previously Exempted Activities; .0110, Retention of Permit at Permitted Facility; and .0111, Applicability Determinations.
EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) proposing approval of the aforementioned North Carolina SIP revisions on April 27, 2020. See 85 FR 23272. The details of North Carolina's submissions and the rationale for EPA's actions are explained in the April 27, 2020, NPRM. Comments were due on May 27, 2020.
II. Response to Comments
EPA received two comments on the April 27, 2020, NPRM. One comment was in support of EPA's proposed action, and the other comment was adverse. A summary of the adverse comment and EPA's response is provided below.
Comment: The Commenter asks why EPA needs to approve this SIP revision and suggests that states should “take primacy over their SIPs” once EPA has initially approved them. The Commenter also states that EPA should not approve this SIP revision and should allow states to take control over their programs.
Response: As explained herein and in the April 27, 2020, NPRM, DAQ requested this SIP revision, which amends several SIP-approved rules pertaining to construction and operating permits. Pursuant to CAA section 110(k)(3), 42 U.S.C. 7410(k)(3), “EPA shall approve” a SIP revision “if it meets all of the applicable requirements” of the Act. Thus, as a matter of law, EPA is required to approve a SIP revision if it meets the Act's requirements, as these North Carolina SIP revisions do. To the extent the Commenter is suggesting that EPA take action beyond this particular SIP revision, such a comment is outside the scope of this rulemaking.
III. Incorporation by Reference
In this document, EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, EPA is finalizing the incorporation Start Printed Page 43462by reference of 15A NCAC 02D .0101, Definitions, state effective January 1, 2015; 
15A NCAC 02Q .0101, Required Air Quality Permits; .0103, Definitions; .0104, Where to Obtain and File Permit Applications; .0105, Copies of Referenced Documents; .0106, Incorporation by Reference; .0107, Confidential Information; .0108, Delegation of Authority; .0109, Compliance Schedule for Previously Exempted Activities; .0110, Retention of Permit at Permitted Facility; and .0111, Applicability Determinations, state effective April 1, 2018; and 15A NCAC 02Q .0304, Applications, state effective January 1, 2009. These changes are either non-substantive or otherwise necessary to clarify applicability. EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 4 Office (please contact the person identified in the For Further Information Contact section of this preamble for more information). Therefore, these materials have been approved by EPA for inclusion in the SIP, have been incorporated by reference by EPA into that plan, are fully federally enforceable under sections 110 and 113 of the CAA as of the effective date of the final rulemaking of EPA's approval, and will be incorporated by reference in the next update to the SIP compilation.
IV. Final Action
EPA is approving 15A NCAC 02D .0101, Definitions, submitted September 16, 2016; 15A NCAC 02Q .0101, Required Air Quality Permits; .0103, Definitions; .0104, Where to Obtain and File Permit Applications; .0105, Copies of Referenced Documents; .0106, Incorporation by Reference; .0107, Confidential Information; .0108, Delegation of Authority; .0109, Compliance Schedule for Previously Exempted Activities; .0110, Retention of Permit at Permitted Facility; and .0111, Applicability Determinations, submitted July 10, 2019; and 15A NCAC 02Q .0304, Applications, submitted September 18, 2009. EPA is finalizing the changes above to North Carolina's SIP submitted on September 18, 2009, September 16, 2016, and July 10, 2019.
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. See 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, if they meet the criteria of the CAA. This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:
- Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
- Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866;
- Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
- Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
- Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
- Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
- Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
- Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
- Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
- Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), nor will it impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. These actions are not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by September 15, 2020. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. These actions may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. See section 307(b)(2).
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- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Incorporation by reference
- Intergovernmental relations
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: June 24, 2020.
Regional Administrator, Region 4.
For the reasons stated in the preamble, EPA amends 40 CFR part 52 as follows:
PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS
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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
Subpart II—North Carolina
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2. In § 52.1770 amend Table 1 to paragraph (c) by: Start Printed Page 43463
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a. Under “Subchapter 2D Air Pollution Control Requirements” revising the entry for “Section .0101”; and End Amendment Part
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b. Under Subchapter 2Q Air Quality Permit Procedures by revising the entries for “Section .0101”, “Section .0103”, “Section .0104”, “Section .0105”, “Section .0106”, “Section .0107”, “Section .0108”, “Section .0109”, “Section .0110”, “Section .0111”, and “Section .0304”. End Amendment Part
The revisions read as follows.
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Identification of plan.
* * * * *
(c) * * *
(1) EPA Approved North Carolina Regulations
|State citation||Title/subject||State effective
date||EPA approval date||Explanation|
|Subchapter 2D Air Pollution Control Requirements|
|Section .0101||Definitions||1/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|* * * * * * *|
|Subchapter 2Q Air Quality Permits|
|Section .0101||Required Air Quality Permits||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|* * * * * * *|
|Section .0103||Definitions||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0104||Where to Obtain and File Permit Applications||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0105||Copies of Referenced Documents||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0106||Incorporation by Reference||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0107||Confidential Information||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0108||Delegation of Authority||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0109||Compliance Schedule for Previously Exempted Activities||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0110||Retention of Permit at Permitted Facility||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|Section .0111||Applicability Determinations||4/1/2018||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|* * * * * * *|
|Section .0304||Applications||1/1/2009||7/17/2020, [Insert citation of publication]|
|* * * * * * *|
* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2020-14092 Filed 7-16-20; 8:45 am]
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