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Medicare Program; Approval of Application by the Community Health Accreditation Partner for Initial CMS-Approval of Its Home Infusion Therapy Accreditation Program

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Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, HHS.

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Final notice.


This final notice announces our decision to approve the Community Health Accreditation Partner (CHAP) for initial recognition as a national accrediting organization for home infusion therapy suppliers that wish to participate in the Medicare program. A home infusion therapy supplier that participates must meet the Medicare conditions for coverage.


The approval announced in this final notice is effective September 25, 2020 through September 25, 2024.

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Christina Mister-Ward, (410) 786-2441.

Shannon Freeland, (410) 786-4348.

Lillian Williams, (410) 786-8636.

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I. Background

Home Infusion therapy (HIT) is a treatment option for Medicare beneficiaries with a wide range of acute and chronic conditions. Section 5012 of the 21st Century Cures Act (Pub. L. 114-255, enacted on December 13, 2016) added sections 1861(iii) and 1834(u) to the Social Security Act (the Act), establishing a new Medicare benefit for HIT services. Section 1861(iii)(1) of the Act defines HIT as professional services, including nursing services; training and education not otherwise covered under the Durable Medical Equipment (DME) benefit; remote monitoring; and other monitoring services. Home infusion therapy must be furnished by a qualified HIT supplier and furnished in the individual's home. The individual must:

  • Be under the care of an applicable provider (that is, physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant); and
  • Have a plan of care established and periodically reviewed by a physician in coordination with the furnishing of home infusion drugs under Part B, that prescribes the type, amount, and duration of infusion therapy services that are to be furnished.

Section 1861(iii)(3)(D)(i)(III) of the Act requires that a qualified HIT supplier be accredited by an accrediting organization (AO) designated by the Secretary in accordance with section 1834(u)(5) of the Act. Section 1834(u)(5)(A) of the Act identifies factors for designating AOs and in reviewing and modifying the list of designated AOs. These statutory factors are as follows:

  • The ability of the organization to conduct timely reviews of accreditation applications.
  • The ability of the organization take into account the capacities of suppliers located in a rural area (as defined in section 1886(d)(2)(D) of the Act).
  • Whether the organization has established reasonable fees to be charged to suppliers applying for accreditation.
  • Such other factors as the Secretary determines appropriate.

Section 1834(u)(5)(B) of the Act requires the Secretary to designate AOs to accredit HIT suppliers furnishing HIT not later than January 1, 2021. Section 1861(iii)(3)(D) of the Act defines “qualified home infusion therapy suppliers” as being accredited by a CMS-approved AO.

In the March 1, 2019 Federal Register, we published a solicitation notice entitled, “Medicare Program; Solicitation of Independent Accrediting Organizations To Participate in the Home Infusion Therapy Supplier Accreditation Program” (84 FR 7057). This notice informed national AOs that accredit HIT suppliers of an opportunity to submit applications to participate in the HIT supplier accreditation program. Complete applications will be considered for the January 1, 2021 designation deadline if received by February 1, 2020.

Regulations for the approval and oversight of AOs for HIT organizations are located at 42 CFR part 488, subpart L. The requirements for HIT suppliers are located at 42 CFR part 486, subpart I.

II. Approval of Accreditation Organizations

Section 1834(u)(5) of the Act and the regulations at § 488.1010 require that our findings concerning review and approval of a national AO's requirements consider, among other factors, the applying AO's requirements for accreditation; survey procedures; resources for conducting required surveys; capacity to furnish information for use in enforcement activities; monitoring procedures for provider entities found not in compliance with the conditions or requirements; and ability to provide CMS with the necessary data.

Section 488.1020(a) requires that we publish, after receipt of an organization's complete application, a notice identifying the national accrediting body making the request, describing the nature of the request, and providing at least a 30-day public comment period. In accordance with § 488.1010(d), we have 210 days from the receipt of a complete application to approve or deny the application.

III. Provisions of the Proposed Notice

In the April 27, 2020 Federal Register (85 FR 23364), we published a proposed notice announcing the Community Health Accreditation Partner's (CHAP's) request for initial approval of its Medicare HIT accreditation program. In that proposed notice, we detailed our evaluation criteria. Under section 1834(u)(5) the Act and in our regulations at § 488.1010, we conducted a review of CHAP's Medicare HIT accreditation application in accordance with the criteria specified by our regulations, which included, but are not limited to the following:

  • An administrative review of CHAP's: (1) Corporate policies; (2) financial and human resources available to accomplish the proposed surveys; (3) procedures for training, monitoring, and evaluation of its home infusion therapy surveyors; (4) ability to investigate and respond appropriately to complaints against accredited home infusion therapies; and (5) survey review and decision-making process for accreditation.
  • The ability for CHAP to conduct timely review of accreditation applications.
  • The ability of CHAP to take into account the capacities of suppliers located in a rural area.
  • The comparison of CHAP's Medicare HIT accreditation program standards to our current Medicare home infusion therapy conditions for coverage (CfCs).
  • CHAP's survey process to determine the following:

++ The composition of the survey team, surveyor qualifications, and CHAP's ability to provide continuing surveyor training.

++ CHAP's processes, including periodic resurvey and the ability to investigate and respond appropriately to complaints against accredited home infusion therapies.

++ Evaluate CHAP's procedures for monitoring home infusion therapies it has found to be out of compliance with CHAP's program requirements.

++ Assess CHAP's ability to report deficiencies to the surveyed home infusion therapy and respond to the home infusion therapy's plan of correction in a timely manner.

++ Establish CHAP's ability to provide CMS with electronic data and reports necessary for effective validation and assessment of the organization's survey process.

++ Determine the adequacy of CHAP's staff and other resources.

++ Confirm CHAP's ability to provide adequate funding for performing required surveys.Start Printed Page 60471

++ Confirm CHAP's policies with respect to surveys being unannounced.

++ Review CHAP's policies and procedures to avoid conflicts of interest, including the appearance of conflicts of interest, involving individuals who conduct surveys or participate in accreditation decisions.

++ Obtain CHAP's agreement to provide CMS with a copy of the most current accreditation survey together with any other information related to the survey as we may require, including corrective action plans.

The April 27, 2020 proposed notice also solicited public comments regarding whether CHAP's requirements met or exceeded the Medicare CfCs for home infusion therapy. No comments were received in response to our proposed notice.

IV. Provisions of the Final Notice

A. Differences Between CHAP's Standards and Requirements for Accreditation and Medicare Conditions and Survey Requirements

We compared CHAP's HIT accreditation requirements and survey process with the Medicare CfCs of part 486, subpart I and the survey and certification process requirements of part 488, subpart L. Our review and evaluation of CHAP's HIT application, which was conducted as described in section III. of this final notice, yielded the following areas where, as of the date of this notice, CHAP has completed revising its standards and certification processes in order to meet the condition at:

  • Section 486.520(b), to address the requirement of the plan of care must be established by a physician prescribing the type, amount and duration for home infusion therapy.
  • Section 486.525(a), to include the required language “plan of care”.
  • Section 488.1010(a)(6)(iv), to revise CHAP's procedures for survey reviews.

B. Term of Approval

As authorized under § 488.1040(a), we reserve the right to conduct onsite observations of accrediting organization operations at any time as part of the ongoing review and continuing oversight of an accrediting organization's performance. Based on the review and observations described in section III. of this final notice, we have determined that CHAP's requirements for HIT meet or exceed our requirements. Therefore, we approve CHAP as a national accreditation organization for HITs that request participation in the Medicare program, effective September 25, 2020 through September 25, 2024.

V. Collection of Information Requirements

This document does not impose information collection and requirements, that is, reporting, recordkeeping or third party disclosure requirements. Consequently, there is no need for review by the Office of Management and Budget under the authority of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35).

The Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), Seema Verma, having reviewed and approved this document, authorizes Lynette Wilson, who is the Federal Register Liaison, to electronically sign this document for purposes of publication in the Federal Register.

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Dated: September 21, 2020.

Lynette Wilson,

Federal Register Liaison, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid.

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[FR Doc. 2020-21147 Filed 9-24-20; 8:45 am]