Brucellosis in Swine; Add Florida to List of Validated Brucellosis-Free States
Affirmation Of Interim Rule As Final Rule.
We are adopting as a final rule, without change, an interim rule that amended the brucellosis regulations concerning the interstate movement of swine by adding Florida to the list of validated brucellosis-free States. The interim rule was based on our determination that Florida meets the criteria for classification as a validated brucellosis-free State. That action relieved certain restrictions on the interstate movement of breeding swine from Florida.
Table of Contents Back to Top
DATES: Back to Top
The interim rule became effective on May 2, 2005.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Dr. John Korslund, Staff Veterinarian (Swine Health), Aquaculture, Swine, Equine, and Poultry Programs, National Center for Animal Health Programs, VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 46, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-5914.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
Background Back to Top
Brucellosis is a contagious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. The disease mainly affects cattle, bison, and swine, but goats, sheep, horses, and even humans are susceptible. In its principal animal hosts, it causes loss of young through spontaneous abortion or birth of weak offspring, reduced milk production, and infertility. There is no economically feasible treatment for brucellosis in livestock. In humans, brucellosis initially causes flu-like symptoms, but the disease may develop into a variety of chronic conditions, including arthritis. Humans can be treated for brucellosis with antibiotics.
The brucellosis regulations in 9 CFR part 78 (referred to below as the regulations) contain specific provisions for cattle, bison, and swine. Under the regulations, States, herds, and individual animals are classified according to their brucellosis status. Interstate movement requirements for animals are based upon the disease status of the individual animals or the herd or State from which the animal originates.
In an interim rule effective and published in the Federal Register on May 2, 2005 (70 FR 22588-22589, Docket No. 05-009-1), we amended the regulations by adding Florida to the list of validated swine brucellosis-free States in § 78.43.
Comments on the interim rule were required to be received on or before July 1, 2005. We did not receive any comments. Therefore, for the reasons given in the interim rule, we are adopting the interim rule as a final rule.
This action also affirms the information contained in the interim rule concerning Executive Order 12866 and the Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Orders 12372 and 12988, and the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Further, for this action, the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review under Executive Order 12866.
PART 78—BRUCELLOSIS Back to Top
Done in Washington, DC, this 5th day of August 2005.
Elizabeth E. Gaston,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 05-16013 Filed 8-11-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P