Special Conditions: Embraer S.A., Model EMB-500, Airspeed Indicating System 23.1323(e)
Notice Of Proposed Special Conditions.
This action proposes special conditions for the Embraer Model EMB-500 airplane. This airplane will have a novel or unusual design feature(s) associated with airspeed system. The applicable airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for this design feature. These proposed special conditions contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established by the existing airworthiness standards.
Table of Contents Back to Top
DATES: Back to Top
Comments must be received on or before February 27, 2008.
ADDRESSES: Back to Top
Mail two copies of your comments to: Federal Aviation Administration, Regional Counsel, ACE-7, 901 Locust, Room 506, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. You may deliver two copies to the Small Airplane Directorate at the above address. Mark your comments: Docket No. CE286. You may inspect comments in the Rules Docket weekdays, except Federal holidays, between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
J. Lowell Foster, Small Airplane Directorate Standards Office, ACE-111, Federal Aviation Administration, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service, 901 Locust, Kansas City, MO 64106; telephone (816) 329-4125; facsimile (816) 329-4090.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
Comments Invited Back to Top
We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. We ask that you send us two copies of written comments.
We will file in the docket all comments we receive, as well as a report summarizing each substantive public contact with FAA personnel concerning these special conditions. You can inspect the docket before and after the comment closing date. If you wish to review the docket in person, go to the address in the ADDRESSES section of this preamble between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
We will consider all comments we receive on or before the closing date for comments. We will consider comments filed late if it is possible to do so without incurring expense or delay. We may change these special conditions based on the comments we receive.
If you want the FAA to acknowledge receipt of your comments on this proposal, include with your comments a pre-addressed, stamped postcard on which the docket number CE286 appears. We will stamp the date on the postcard and mail it back to you.
Background Back to Top
On October 5, 2005, Embraer applied for a type certificate for their new Model EMB-500. The EMB-500 is predominantly a metal low-wing airplane with a “T” tail vertical and horizontal stabilizer. The Model EMB-500 provides accommodations for two pilots and up to four passengers in the main cabin area. It is powered by two Pratt and Whitney Canada PWC 617F/1 turbofan engines with approximately 1600 pounds of thrust each. The engines are mounted on the aft fuselage pylons. Two redundant FADECs will control each engine. The maximum takeoff weight is 9965 pounds. The V MO/M MO speeds for the model EMB-500 are 275 KIAS/M0.70; and the maximum altitude is 41,000 feet.
Type Certification Basis Back to Top
Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.17, Embraer must show that the EMB-500 meets the applicable provisions of part 23, effective February 1, 1965, as amended by amendments 23-1 through 23-55. If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness regulations (i.e., 14 CFR, part 23) do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the Embraer Model 500 series because of a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed under the provisions of § 21.16.
Special conditions, as appropriate, as defined in § 11.19, are issued in accordance with § 11.38, and become part of the type certification basis in accordance with § 21.17(a)(2).
Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended later to include any other model that incorporates the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would also apply to the other model under the provisions of § 21.101(a)(1).
In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special conditions, the EMB-500 must comply with the part 23 fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and the part 23 noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36 and the FAA must issue a finding of regulatory adequacy under § 611 of 92, the “Noise Control Act of 1972.”.
Novel or Unusual Design Features Back to Top
The Embraer Model 500 will incorporate the following novel or unusual design features: aft-mounted turbojet engines, certain performance and flight characteristics, and operating limitations necessary for this type of airplane.
Discussion Back to Top
The proposed special conditions for the EMB-500 came from the 14 CFR part 23 commuter category. Section 23.1323(e) requires that the airspeed indicating system must be calibrated to determine the system error during the accelerate-takeoff ground run. The ground run calibration must be obtained between 0.8 of the minimum value of V 1 and 1.2 times the maximum value of V 1, considering the approved ranges of altitude and weight. The ground run calibration must be determined assuming an engine failure at the minimum value of V 1.
Regarding the proposed SC 23.1323(e), Embraer understands that airspeed indicating system calibration in ground-effect should be performed up to the maximum V 2 value, considering the approved range of altitude and weight. As V 1 values are very close to V 2 values on normal takeoffs, calibration up to 1.2 V 1 requires the calibration in ground-effect for speeds higher than V 2, when the airplane is already flying and out of ground-effect. Therefore, Embraer proposes that SC 23.1323(e) be changed to read like part 25, as follows:
“In addition, the airspeed indicating system must be calibrated to determine the system error during the accelerate-takeoff ground run. The ground run calibration must be obtained between 0.8 of the minimum value of V 1 and the maximum value of V 2, considering the approved ranges of altitude and weight. The ground run calibration must be determined assuming an engine failure at the minimum value of V 1.”
Applicability Back to Top
As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the Embraer Model 500 series. Should Embraer apply at a later date for a change to the type certificate to include another model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the special conditions would apply to that model as well under the provisions of § 21.101(a)(1).
Conclusion Back to Top
This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features on the Embraer Model 500 series of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability, and it affects only the applicant who applied to the FAA for approval of these features on the airplane.
The FAA agrees with Embraer's position and proposed revision of the special conditions for section 23.1323(e).
The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:
Authority: Back to Top
The Proposed Special Conditions Back to Top
Accordingly, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposes the following special conditions as part of the type certification basis for Embraer Model EMB-500 series airplanes:
In addition, the airspeed indicating system must be calibrated to determine the system error during the accelerate-takeoff ground run. The ground run calibration must be obtained between 0.8 of the minimum value of V 1 and the maximum value of V 2, considering the approved ranges of altitude and weight. The ground run calibration must be determined assuming an engine failure at the minimum value of V 1.
Issued in Kansas City, Missouri on January 15, 2008.
James E. Jackson,
Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. E8-1392 Filed 1-25-08; 8:45 am]
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