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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Fokker Model F.28 Mark 0070 and Mark 0100 Airplanes

Action

Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking (Nprm).

Summary

We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) originated by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as:

[L]eakage of hot wing anti-icing air from the Peri-seal housing. This results in an uncontrolled flow of high-pressure hot air to enter the forward (anti-icing) plenum chamber of the wing leading edge, potentially damaging the anti-icing barrier webs. Subsequently, the wing auxiliary spar can also be damaged by high-pressure hot air. * * * [D]eterioration of the Peri-seals enables the piccolo tubes to vibrate, resulting in a broken piccolo tube. This condition, if not corrected, may cause heat damage to the front spar that potentially affects the wing's load capability.

Unified Agenda

Airworthiness Directives

1 action from November 2013

  • November 2013
    • Actions Will Continue Through
 

Table of Contents Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

We must receive comments on this proposed AD by March 6, 2008.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

You may send comments by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Fax: (202) 493-2251.
  • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-40, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket Back to Top

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

Tom Rodriguez, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98057-3356; telephone (425) 227-1137; fax (425) 227-1149.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Comments Invited Back to Top

We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2008-0117; Directorate Identifier 2007-NM-273-AD” at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD based on those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion Back to Top

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA Airworthiness Directive 2007-0229, dated August 15, 2007 (referred to after this as “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states:

In 1997, Fokker introduced a new type of Peri-seal (SBF 100-30-022). The old type was known to be subject to deterioration, which, in combination with improper installation, can cause leakage of hot wing anti-icing air from the Peri-seal housing. This results in an uncontrolled flow of high-pressure hot air to enter the forward (anti-icing) plenum chamber of the wing leading edge, potentially damaging the anti-icing barrier webs. Subsequently, the wing auxiliary spar can also be damaged by high-pressure hot air. Analysis at the time showed that any resulting damage (known to occur at inboard positions only) would not affect the wing load capability. For this reason, the modification was not classified as MANDATORY and no AD action was warranted. However, through a recent occurrence, it was discovered that deterioration of the Peri-seals enables the piccolo tubes to vibrate, resulting in a broken piccolo tube. In this case, the location of the failure was more outboard than previous occurrences. This condition, if not corrected, may cause heat damage to the front spar that potentially affects the wing's load capability. Since an unsafe condition was identified, likely to exist or develop on an aircraft of this type design, CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) Netherlands issued AD NL-2006-011 to require inspection of the Piccolo Tubes and the surrounding structure to establish correct installation, as well as the replacement of the 460-series Peri-seals by the improved 600-series, which have a higher temperature limit.

Since the issuance of that AD, Fokker has developed a modification, published as Component Service Bulletin (CSB) D14000-57-007, for spare wing leading edge sections that may still contain the 460-series Peri-seals. For that reason, this EASA AD retains the requirements of AD NL-2006-011 and adds a limit for the allowed use of unmodified wing leading edge section as replacement part.

The corrective actions include inspection of the piccolo tubes and the wing leading edge for damage and replacement of the Peri-seals or repair of damage, as applicable. You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD docket.

Relevant Service Information Back to Top

Fokker has issued Service Bulletin SBF100-30-028, Revision 1, dated April 17, 2007, and Component Service Bulletin D14000-57-007, dated April 17, 2007. The actions described in this service information are intended to correct the unsafe condition identified in the MCAI.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD Back to Top

This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, we have been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all pertinent information and determined an unsafe condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design.

Differences Between This AD and the MCAI or Service Information Back to Top

We have reviewed the MCAI and related service information and, in general, agree with their substance. But we might have found it necessary to use different words from those in the MCAI to ensure the AD is clear for U.S. operators and is enforceable. In making these changes, we do not intend to differ substantively from the information provided in the MCAI and related service information.

We might also have proposed different actions in this AD from those in the MCAI in order to follow FAA policies. Any such differences are highlighted in a NOTE within the proposed AD.

Costs of Compliance Back to Top

Based on the service information, we estimate that this proposed AD would affect about 9 products of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it would take about 48 work-hours per product to comply with the basic requirements of this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $80 per work-hour. Required parts would cost about $3,430 per product. Where the service information lists required parts costs that are covered under warranty, we have assumed that there will be no charge for these costs. As we do not control warranty coverage for affected parties, some parties may incur costs higher than estimated here. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of the proposed AD on U.S. operators to be $65,430, or $7,270 per product.

Authority for This Rulemaking Back to Top

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings Back to Top

We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation:

1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to comply with this proposed AD and placed it in the AD docket.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Back to Top

The Proposed Amendment Back to Top

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

begin regulatory text

PART 39—Airworthiness Directives Back to Top

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new AD:

Fokker Services B.V.: Docket No. FAA-2008-0117; Directorate Identifier 2007-NM-273-AD.

Comments Due Date Back to Top

(a) We must receive comments by March 6, 2008.

Affected ADs Back to Top

(b) None.

Applicability Back to Top

(c) This AD applies to Fokker Model F.28 Mark 0070 and Mark 0100 airplanes, certificated in any category, all serial numbers, except those previously modified in accordance with Fokker Service Bulletin SBF 100-30-022.

Subject Back to Top

(d) Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 30: Ice and Rain Protection.

Reason Back to Top

(e) The mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) states:

In 1997, Fokker introduced a new type of Peri-seal (SBF 100-30-022). The old type was known to be subject to deterioration, which, in combination with improper installation, can cause leakage of hot wing anti-icing air from the Peri-seal housing. This results in an uncontrolled flow of high-pressure hot air to enter the forward (anti-icing) plenum chamber of the wing leading edge, potentially damaging the anti-icing barrier webs. Subsequently, the wing auxiliary spar can also be damaged by high-pressure hot air. Analysis at the time showed that any resulting damage (known to occur at inboard positions only) would not affect the wing load capability. For this reason, the modification was not classified as MANDATORY and no AD action was warranted. However, through a recent occurrence, it was discovered that deterioration of the Peri-seals enables the piccolo tubes to vibrate, resulting in a broken piccolo tube. In this case, the location of the failure was more outboard than previous occurrences. This condition, if not corrected, may cause heat damage to the front spar that potentially affects the wing's load capability. Since an unsafe condition was identified, likely to exist or develop on an aircraft of this type design, CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) Netherlands issued AD NL-2006-011 to require inspection of the Piccolo Tubes and the surrounding structure to establish correct installation, as well as the replacement of the 460-series Peri-seals by the improved 600-series, which have a higher temperature limit.

Since the issuance of that AD, Fokker has developed a modification, published as Component Service Bulletin (CSB) D14000-57-007, for spare wing leading edge sections that may still contain the 460-series Peri-seals. For that reason, this EASA AD retains the requirements of AD NL-2006-011 and adds a limit for the allowed use of unmodified wing leading edge section as replacement part.

The corrective actions include inspection of the piccolo tubes and the wing leading edge for damage and replacement of the Peri-seals or repair of damage, as applicable.

Actions and Compliance Back to Top

(f) Unless already done, do the following actions.

(1) Within 4,000 flight hours or 12 months after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first, do the actions in paragraphs (f)(1)(i) and (f)(1)(ii) of this AD in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of Fokker Service Bulletin SBF100-30-028, Revision 1, dated April 17, 2007.

(i) Inspect for damage of the piccolo tubes and the wing leading edge on the outside and on the inside at the access panels. If any damage is found that is beyond the limits specified in the service bulletin, repair before further flight.

(ii) Replace the 460-series Peri-seals in the riblets with improved 600-series Peri-seals.

(2) As of 12 months after the effective date of this AD, no person may install on any airplane a spare wing leading edge section unless the leading edge section has been modified in accordance with Fokker Component Service Bulletin D14000-57-007, dated April 17, 2007.

(3) Actions done before the effective date of this AD in accordance with Fokker Service Bulletin SBF100-30-028, dated May 18, 2006, are considered acceptable for compliance with the actions required by paragraph (f)(1) of this AD.

FAA AD Differences Back to Top

Note:

This AD differs from the MCAI and/or service information as follows: No differences.

Other FAA AD Provisions Back to Top

(g) The following provisions also apply to this AD:

(1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. Send information to ATTN: Tom Rodriguez, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98057-3356; telephone (425) 227-1137; fax (425) 227-1149. Before using any approved AMOC on any airplane to which the AMOC applies, notify your appropriate principal inspector (PI) in the FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO), or lacking a PI, your local FSDO.

(2) Airworthy Product: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer or other source, use these actions if they are FAA-approved. Corrective actions are considered FAA-approved if they are approved by the State of Design Authority (or their delegated agent). You are required to assure the product is airworthy before it is returned to service.

(3) Reporting Requirements: For any reporting requirement in this AD, under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has approved the information collection requirements and has assigned OMB Control Number 2120-0056.

Related Information Back to Top

(h) Refer to European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Airworthiness Directive 2007-0229, dated August 15, 2007, Fokker Service Bulletin SBF100-30-028, Revision 1, dated April 17, 2007, and Fokker Component Service Bulletin D14000-57-007, dated April 17, 2007, for related information.

Issued in Renton, Washington, on January 24, 2008.

Ali Bahrami,

Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

end regulatory text

[FR Doc. E8-1991 Filed 2-4-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P

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