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Notice

Draft Guidance for Industry on Citizen Petitions and Petitions for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability

Action

Notice.

Summary

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled “Citizen Petitions and Petitions for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.” The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) added new provisions to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) addressing the agency's treatment of certain citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action (collectively, petitions), as well as related applications. The draft guidance describes how FDA will determine if the new provisions apply to a particular petition and how FDA will determine if a petition would delay approval of a pending abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) or 505(b)(2) application. The draft guidance also describes how FDA will interpret the requirements that such petitions include a certification and that supplemental information or comments to such petitions include a verification. The draft guidance also addresses the relationship between the review of petitions and pending ANDAs and 505(b)(2) applications for which the agency has not yet made a decision on approvability.

 

Table of Contents Back to Top

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DATES: Back to Top

Although you can comment on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)), to ensure that the agency considers your comment on this draft guidance before it begins work on the final version of the guidance, submit written or electronic comments on the draft guidance, including comments regarding the proposed collection of information, by March 23, 2009.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

Submit written requests for single copies of the draft guidance to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 2201, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. Submit written comments on the draft guidance to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the draft guidance document.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

Nancy Boocker, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 6244, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-3601.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

I. Background Back to Top

FDA is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled “Citizen Petitions and Petitions for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.” The draft guidance provides information regarding FDA's current thinking on interpreting section 914 of Title IX of FDAAA (Public Law 110-85). Section 914 of FDAAA added new section 505(q) to the act (21 U.S.C. 355(q)) and governs certain citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action that request that FDA take any form of action related to a pending application submitted under section 505(b)(2) or 505(j) of the act. The draft guidance describes FDA's interpretation of section 505(q) of the act regarding how the agency will determine if: (1) The provisions of section 505(q) addressing the treatment of citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action (collectively, petitions) apply to a particular petition and (2) a petition would delay approval of a pending ANDA or a 505(b)(2) application. The draft guidance also describes how FDA will interpret the provisions of section 505(q) requiring that: (1) A petition include a certification and (2) supplemental information or comments to a petition include a verification. Finally, the draft guidance addresses the relationship between the review of petitions and pending ANDAs and 505(b)(2) applications for which the agency has not yet made a decision on approvability.

This draft guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The draft guidance, when finalized, will represent the agency's current thinking on citizen petitions and petitions for stay of action that are subject to section 505(q) of the act. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.

II. Comments Back to Top

Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) written or electronic comments regarding this document. Submit a single copy of electronic comments or two paper copies of any mailed comments, except that individuals may submit one paper copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

III. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Back to Top

Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520) (the PRA), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Title: Citizen Petitions and Petitions for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

Description of Respondents: Respondents to this collection of information as it is related to citizen petitions are individuals or households, State or local governments, not-for-profit institutions, and businesses or other for-profit institutions or groups. Respondents to this collection of information as it is related to petitions for stay of agency action are persons who choose to file a petition for an administrative stay of action.

Burden Estimate: FDA is requesting public comment on estimates of annual submissions from these respondents, as required by section 505(q) of the act and described in this draft guidance. Section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act requires that citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action that are subject to section 505(q) include a certification to be considered for review by FDA. Section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act requires that supplemental information or comments to such citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action include a verification to be accepted for review by FDA. The draft guidance describes our current thinking on the interpretation of these requirements. The draft guidance sets forth the criteria the agency will use in determining if the provisions of section 505(q) apply to a particular citizen petition or petition for stay of agency action. One of the criteria for a citizen petition or petition for stay of agency action to be subject to section 505(q) of the act is that a related ANDA or 505(b)(2) application is pending at the time the citizen petition or petition for stay is submitted. Because petitioners or commenters may not be aware of the existence of a pending ANDA or 505(b)(2) application, the draft guidance recommends that all petitioners challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application include the certification required in section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act and that petitioners and commenters submitting supplements or comments, respectively, to a citizen petition or petition for stay of action challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application include the verification required in section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act. The draft guidance also recommends that if a petitioner submits a citizen petition or petition for stay of agency action that is missing the required certification but is otherwise within the scope of section 505(q) of the act and the petitioner would like FDA to review the citizen petition or petition for stay of agency action, the petitioner should submit a letter withdrawing the deficient petition and submit a new petition that contains the required certification.

FDA currently has OMB approval for the collection of information entitled, “General Administrative Procedures: Citizen Petitions; Petition for Reconsideration or Stay of Action; Advisory Opinions” (OMB Control Number 0910-0183). This collection of information includes, among other things: (1) The format and procedures by which an interested person may submit to FDA, in accordance with § 10.20 (21 CFR 10.20), a citizen petition requesting the Commissioner of Food and Drugs (Commissioner) to issue, amend, or revoke a regulation or order, or to take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action (§ 10.30(b) (21 CFR 10.30(b))); (2) the submission of written comments on a filed citizen petition (§ 10.30(d)); (3) the submission of a supplement or amendment to or a letter to withdraw a filed citizen petition (§ 10.30(g)); (4) the format and procedures by which an interested person may request, in accordance with § 10.20, the Commissioner to stay the effective date of any administrative action (§ 10.35(b) (21 CFR 10.35(b))); and (5) the submission of written comments on a filed petition for administrative stay of action (§ 10.35(c)). This information collection includes citizen petitions, petitions for administrative stay of action, comments to petitions, supplements to citizen petitions, and letters to withdraw a citizen petition, as described above, that are subject to section 505(q) of the act and described in the draft guidance.

Under section 505(q) of the act and the draft guidance, the following information would be submitted to FDA but is not currently approved by OMB under the PRA:

1. The certification required under section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act for citizen petitions that are subject to section 505(q) and/or that are challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application. Although the submission of a certification for citizen petitions is approved under OMB Control Number 0910-0183, the certification would be broadened under section 505(q) of the act and the draft guidance.

2. The certification required under section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act for petitions for stay of action that are subject to section 505(q) and/or that are challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application.

3. The verification required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for comments to citizen petitions.

4. The verification required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for comments to petitions for stay of agency action.

5. The verification required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for supplements to citizen petitions.

6. Supplements to petitions for stay of agency action and the verification required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act.

7. The letter submitted by a petitioner withdrawing a deficient petition for stay of agency action that is missing the required certification but is otherwise within the scope of section 505(q) of the act.

Section 505(q)(1)(B) and (C) of the act and the draft guidance state that if FDA determines that a delay in approval of an ANDA or 505(b)(2) application is necessary based on a petition subject to section 505(q) of the act, the applicant may submit to the petition docket clarifications or additional data to allow FDA to review the petition promptly. This information collection is not included in this analysis because it is approved under OMB Control Number 0910-0001 (21 CFR 314.54, 314.94, and 314.102).

Based on FDA's knowledge of citizen petitions and petitions for stay of agency action subject to section 505(q) of the act that have been submitted since September 27, 2007, as well as the agency's familiarity with the time needed to prepare a certification and a verification, our estimates for this information collection are as follows:

1. The certification currently submitted for a citizen petition would be broadened under section 505(q) of the act and the draft guidance. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately 25 certifications under section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act for citizen petitions that are subject to section 505(q) and/or that are challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application. FDA estimates that approximately 19 respondents will submit these certifications and that each certification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

2. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately three certifications under section 505(q)(1)(H) of the act for petitions for stay of action that are subject to section 505(q) and/or that are challenging the approvability of a possible ANDA or 505(b)(2) application. FDA estimates that approximately three respondents will submit these certifications and that each certification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

3. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately 12 verifications required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for comments to citizen petitions. FDA estimates that approximately nine respondents will submit these verifications, and that each verification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

4. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately two verifications required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for comments to petitions for stay of agency action. FDA estimates that approximately two respondents will submit these verifications and that each verification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

5. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately 10 verifications required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for supplements to citizen petitions. FDA estimates that approximately seven respondents will submit these verifications and that each verification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

6. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately one supplement to petitions for stay of agency action as described under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act, that approximately one respondent will submit this supplement, and that each supplement will take approximately 6 hours to prepare. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately one verification required under section 505(q)(1)(I) of the act for supplements to petitions for stay of agency action, that approximately one respondent will submit this verification, and that each verification will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

7. FDA estimates that it will receive annually approximately one letter from petitioners withdrawing a deficient petition for stay of agency action that is missing the required certification but is otherwise within the scope of section 505(q) of the act. FDA estimates that approximately one respondent will submit this letter and that the letter will take approximately 30 minutes to prepare.

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden 1 Back to Top
Number of Respondents Annual Frequency per Response Total annual Responses Hours per Response Total Hours
1There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.
Certification for citizen petitions 19 1.32 25 0.5 12.5
Certification for petitions for stay of agency action 3 1 3 0.5 1.5
Verification for comments to citizen petitions 9 1.33 12 0.5 6.0
Verification for comments to petitions for stay of agency action 2 1 2 0.5 1.0
Verification for supplements to citizen petitions 7 1.43 10 0.5 5.0
Supplements to petitions for stay of agency action and the verification for the supplement 1 1 1 6.5 6.5
Letter withdrawing a petition for stay of agency action 1 1 1 0.5 0.5
Total Hours 33.0        

Therefore, the estimated annual reporting burden for this information collection is 33 hours.

IV. Electronic Access Back to Top

Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the document at either http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/index.htm or http://www.regulations.gov.

Dated: January 12, 2009.

Jeffrey Shuren,

Associate Commissioner for Policy and Planning.

[FR Doc. E9-937 Filed 1-16-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S

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