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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc RB211 Trent 800 Series Turbofan Engines

Action

Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking (Nprm).

Summary

We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as:

During manufacture of high-pressure (HP) compressor stage 1 discs, a small number of parts have been rejected due to a machining defect that was found during inspection. Analysis of the possibility of less severe examples having been undetected and passed into service has concluded that action is required to reduce the risk of failure. It is therefore necessary to reduce the life limit from that currently published for the applicable parts.

The HP compressor stage 1 disc is part of the HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, part number (P/N) FK32580. We are proposing this AD to prevent uncontained failure of the HP compressor stage 1 disc, resulting in an in-flight engine shutdown and possible damage to the airplane.

Unified Agenda

Airworthiness Directives

1 action from November 2013

  • November 2013
    • Actions Will Continue Through
 

Table of Contents Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

We must receive comments on this proposed AD by March 20, 2009.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

You may send comments by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically.
  • Mail: Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
  • Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
  • Fax: (202) 493-2251.

Examining the AD Docket Back to Top

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is the same as the Mail address provided in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: james.lawrence@faa.gov; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) 238-7199.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Comments Invited Back to Top

We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2008-1165; Directorate Identifier 2008-NE-38-AD” at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD based on those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact with FAA personnel concerning this proposed AD. Using the search function of the Web site, anyone can find and read the comments in any of our dockets, including, if provided, the name of the individual who sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review the DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78).

Discussion Back to Top

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA Airworthiness Directive 2008-0099, dated May 21, 2008 (corrected June 12, 2008) (referred to after this as “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states:

During manufacture of HP compressor stage 1 discs, a small number of parts have been rejected due to a machining defect that was found during inspection. Analysis of the possibility of less severe examples having been undetected and passed into service has concluded that action is required to reduce the risk of failure. It is therefore necessary to reduce the life limit from that currently published for the applicable parts.

You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD docket. This proposed AD would require removing HP compressor stage 1-4 shafts, P/N FK32580, from service at reduced life limits based on part assessment using either “Multiple Flight Profile Monitoring”, or “Heavy Flight Profile” calculations.

Relevant Service Information Back to Top

Rolls-Royce plc has issued Alert Service Bulletin RB.211-72-AF825, Revision 1, dated September 8, 2008. The actions described in this service information are intended to correct the unsafe condition identified in the MCAI.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD Back to Top

This product has been approved by the aviation authority of the United Kingdom, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the United Kingdom, they have notified us of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all information provided by EASA and determined the unsafe condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design. This proposed AD requires removing HP compressor stage 1-4 shafts, P/N FK32580, from service at reduced life limits based on part assessment using either “Multiple Flight Profile Monitoring”, or “Heavy Flight Profile” calculations.

Costs of Compliance Back to Top

Based on the service information, we estimate that this proposed AD would affect about 78 products of U.S. registry. Required parts would cost about $15,095 per product. We estimate that no additional labor costs would be incurred to perform the proposed actions. We anticipate that the removal from service of the HP compressor stage 1-4 shafts will occur while the engine is inducted into the shop for routine maintenance. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of the proposed AD on U.S. operators to be $1,177,410. Our cost estimate is exclusive of possible warranty coverage.

Authority for This Rulemaking Back to Top

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings Back to Top

We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation:

1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to comply with this proposed AD and placed it in the AD docket.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Back to Top

The Proposed Amendment Back to Top

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

begin regulatory text

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES Back to Top

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

§ 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new AD:

Rolls-Royce plc: Docket No. FAA-2008-1165; Directorate Identifier 2008-NE-38-AD.

Comments Due Date Back to Top

(a) We must receive comments by March 20, 2009.

Affected Airworthiness Directives (ADs) Back to Top

(b) None.

Applicability Back to Top

(c) This airworthiness directive (AD) applies to Rolls-Royce plc (RR) models RB211 Trent 875-17, Trent 877-17, Trent 884-17, Trent 884B-17, Trent 892-17, Trent 892B-17, and Trent 895-17 turbofan engines, with high-pressure (HP) compressor stage 1-4 shafts, part number (P/N) FK32580, installed. These engines are installed on, but not limited to, Boeing 777 series airplanes.

Reason Back to Top

(d) European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2008-0099, dated May 21, 2008 (corrected June 12, 2008) states the unsafe condition is as follows:

During manufacture of high-pressure (HP) compressor stage 1 discs, a small number of parts have been rejected due to a machining defect that was found during inspection. Analysis of the possibility of less severe examples having been undetected and passed into service has concluded that action is required to reduce the risk of failure. It is therefore necessary to reduce the life limit from that currently published for the applicable parts.

The HP compressor stage 1 disc is part of the HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580. We are issuing this AD to prevent uncontained failure of the HP compressor stage 1 disc, resulting in an in-flight engine shutdown and possible damage to the airplane.

Actions and Compliance Back to Top

(e) Unless already done, do the following actions.

(1) RB211 Trent 800 critical part lives may be monitored by one of two methods: “Multiple Flight Profile Monitoring”, or “Heavy Flight Profile”. Information on these profiles can be found in the RR Engine Manual Airworthiness Limitations Section.

(2) Standard Duty Cycles (SDC) is the product of Flight Cycles and Beta Factor. Information on Flight Cycles and Beta Factor can be found in the RR Engine Manual Airworthiness Limitations Section.

Multiple Flight Profile Monitoring Parts Back to Top

(3) For RB211 Trent 800 engines being monitored by “Multiple Flight Profile Monitoring,” do the following:

(i) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is equal to or over 5,580 SDC, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding 7,780 SDC.

(ii) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is between 3,380 and 5,580 SDC, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding an additional 2,200 SDC.

(iii) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is equal to or below 3,380 SDC, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding 5,580 SDC.

Reassessment of the Revised Life Limit Back to Top

(4) Operators should be aware that reassessment of the revised life limit in accordance with this AD (including possible reassessment per the applicable subparagraph (e)(3)(i), (e)(3)(ii), or (e)(3)(iii) of this AD, will be necessary if, at some time in the future, the operator changes the flight profile that was applicable before the Effective Date of this AD, such that parts which are the subject of this AD are affected. To recalculate the revised life limit, the life of the part in SDC at the Effective Date of this AD, must be recalculated from the part's entry into service (zero life), and must use the Beta Factor(s) for the new Flight Profile(s).

Heavy Flight Profile Parts Back to Top

(5) For RB211 Trent 800 engines being monitored by “Heavy Flight Profile,” do the following:

(i) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is equal to or over 5,280 flight cycles, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding 7,480 flight cycles.

(ii) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is between 3,080 flight cycles and 5,280 flight cycles, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding an additional 2,200 flight cycles.

(iii) On the effective date of this AD, if the life of HP compressor stage 1-4 shaft, P/N FK32580, is equal to or below 3,080 flight cycles, then the part must be withdrawn from service before exceeding 5,280 flight cycles.

Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs) Back to Top

(f) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19.

Related Information Back to Top

(g) Refer to EASA Airworthiness Directive 2008-0099, dated May 21, 2008 (corrected June 12, 2008), and Rolls-Royce plc Alert Service Bulletin No. RB.211-72-AF825, Revision 1, dated September 8, 2008, for related information. Contact Rolls-Royce plc, PO Box 31, Derby, England, DE248BJ; telephone: 011-44-1332-242424; fax: 011-44-1332-245418, for a copy of this service information.

(h) Contact James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: james.lawrence@faa.gov; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) 238-7199, for more information about this AD.

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on February 10, 2009.

Peter A. White,

Assistant Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

end regulatory text

[FR Doc. E9-3358 Filed 2-17-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P

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