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Rule

Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Kentucky: NOX

Action

Final Rule.

Summary

EPA is taking final action to approve the State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the Commonwealth of Kentucky on September 12, 2005, and March 24, 2006. The first revision provides Kentucky's response to EPA's regulations entitled, “Finding of Significant Contribution and Rulemaking for Certain States in Ozone Transport Assessment Group Region for Purposes of Reducing Regional Transport of Ozone,” otherwise known as the “Nitrogen Oxides (NO X) SIP Call Phase I.” The second revision responds to EPA's regulations entitled, “Interstate Ozone Transport: Response to Court Decisions on the NO X SIP Call, NO X SIP Call Technical Amendments, and Section 126 Rules,” otherwise known as the “NO X SIP Call Phase II.” EPA proposed to approve Kentucky's request to revise the SIP on May 29, 2009. This action is being taken pursuant to Section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA).

 

Table of Contents Back to Top

Tables Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

Effective Date: This rule will be effective November 23, 2009.

ADDRESSES: Back to Top

EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R04-OAR-2005-KY-0003. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Regulatory Development Section, Air Planning Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street, SW., Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30 excluding Federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top

Deanne Grant, Regulatory Development Section, Air Planning Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, Region 4, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 61 Forsyth Street, SW., Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. The telephone number is (404) 562-9291. Ms. Grant can also be reached via electronic mail at grant.deanne@epa.gov. For information relating to the Kentucky SIP, please contact Mr. Zuri Farngalo at (404) 562-9152. Mr. Farngalo can also be reached via electronic mail at farngalo.zuri@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

Table of Contents Back to Top

I. EPA's Action

II. Background

III. Final Action

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. EPA's Action Back to Top

EPA is taking final action to approve SIP revisions submitted by the Commonwealth of Kentucky on September 12, 2005, and March 24, 2006. The first revision provides Kentucky's response to EPA's regulations entitled, “Finding of Significant Contribution and Rulemaking for Certain States in Ozone Transport Assessment Group Region for Purposes of Reducing Regional Transport of Ozone,” otherwise known as the “Nitrogen Oxides (NO X) SIP Call Phase I.” The second revision responds to EPA's regulations entitled, “Interstate Ozone Transport: Response to Court Decisions on the NO X SIP Call, NO X SIP Call Technical Amendments, and Section 126 Rules,” otherwise known as the “NO X SIP Call Phase II.”

The NO X SIP Call Phase II revision satisfies EPA's rule that requires Kentucky to submit Phase II revisions necessary to achieve applicable, incremental reductions of NO X. The intended effect of the Phase II SIP revision is to reduce emissions of NO X originating in the Commonwealth of Kentucky to help attain and maintain the national ambient air quality standard for ozone. The March 24, 2006, final submittal stopped the Federal implementation plan (FIP) clock that started on February 8, 2006, when EPA made a finding that Kentucky failed to submit the required SIP for Phase II of the NO X SIP Call by April 1, 2005.

EPA proposed to approve Kentucky's request to amend the SIP on May 29, 2009 (74 FR 25686). In that proposal, EPA also stated its intent to remove compliance requirements of the NO X SIP Call Phase I. The comment period closed on June 29, 2009. No comments were received in regard to this action. EPA is finalizing the approval as proposed based on the rationale stated in the proposal and in this final action.

II. Background Back to Top

On January 31, 2002, the Kentucky Environmental and Public Protection Cabinet (KEPPC) submitted final revisions to its SIP that complied with the requirements of Phase I of the NO X SIP Call. EPA approved the revisions on April 11, 2002 (67 FR 17624), which became effective on June 10, 2002. On April 21, 2004, EPA published a final rule, addressing the remanded portion of the NO X SIP Call Rule. This rule is entitled, “Interstate Ozone Transport: Response to Court Decisions on the NO X SIP Call, NO X SIP Call Technical Amendments, and Section 126 Rules,” and is otherwise known as the “NO X SIP Rule Phase II” (69 FR 21604). Phase II of the NO X SIP Call required Kentucky to reduce the Phase I NO X emissions originating in the Commonwealth from 165,075 tons (Phase I Budget) to 162,519 tons (Phase II Budget) of NO X emissions. (69 FR 21604, 21629, April 21, 2004). However, EPA approved a revised Phase I Budget for Kentucky in a revision to the NO X SIP Call submitted on April 11, 2002 (67 FR 17624). Therefore, the final Kentucky Phase II Budget in the April 21, 2004, notice is inaccurate because it is based on the previous Phase I Budget. The current approved Kentucky Phase II Budget for NO X emissions is 162,863 tons.

On January 23, 2004, EPA wrote a letter to KEPPC clarifying that based on current rules and regulations, including the NO X SIP Call Phase I rulemaking (63 FR 57356, 57416) and 40 CFR 96.2, EPA was allowing each State with one or more carbon monoxide (CO) boiler combusting CO from fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) to determine whether all of the Commonwealth's FCCU-CO boilers were covered by the NO X SIP Call trading program. There is currently only one facility in Kentucky with FCCU-CO boilers (the Ashland Oil facility, located in Ashland, Kentucky). Kentucky elected to exclude all FCCU-CO boilers in the Commonwealth from the NO X trading program. Today's action removes the requirement from the Kentucky SIP that such units comply with the NO X SIP Call Phase I by exempting them from the non-EGU portion of the Kentucky NO X budget. However, Kentucky is still able to meet the Phase II budgets through other reductions. For more information regarding the specifics of Phase I source categories and budgets, see 67 FR 17624 (April 11, 2002).

On September 12, 2005, the KEPPC provided a submittal for parallel processing of its SIP regulation revisions, intended to meet the requirements of the NO X SIP Call Phase II. A public hearing was conducted on October 21, 2005. On March 24, 2006, Kentucky submitted the final SIP revision for approval. The March 24, 2006, submittal stopped the FIP clock that started under the CAA following EPA's February 8, 2006, finding that Kentucky failed to submit the required SIP revisions for Phase II of the NO X SIP Call by April 1, 2005 (71 FR 6347, February 8, 2006).

III. Final Action Back to Top

EPA is taking final action to approve the aforementioned changes to the SIP, including Kentucky's NO X SIP Call Phase II budget. These revisions meet CAA requirements and are consistent with EPA policy and regulations.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews Back to Top

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve State choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves State law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have Tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the State, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on Tribal governments or preempt Tribal law.

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 22, 2009. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Back to Top

Dated: October 9, 2009.

A. Stanley Meiburg,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 4.

begin regulatory text

40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

PART 52—[AMENDED] Back to Top

1.The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

Authority:

42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart S—Kentucky Back to Top

2.In § 52.920(c), Table 1 is amended:

a. Under Chapter 51, by adding an entry for “401 KAR 51:150—NO X requirements for stationary internal combustion engines”; and

b. Under Chapter 51, by revising the entry for “401 KAR 51:160—NO X requirements for large utility and industrial boilers” to read as follows:

§ 52.920 Identification of plan.

* * * * *

(c) * * *

Table 1—EPA-Approved Kentucky Regulations Back to Top
State citation Title/subject State effective date EPA approval date Explanation
*******      
Chapter 51. Attainment and Maintenance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards        
*******      
401 KAR 51:150 NO X requirements for stationary internal combustion engines 2/3/06 10/23/09 [Insert citation of publication]  
*******      
401 KAR 51:160 NO X requirements for large utility and industrial boilers 2/3/06 10/23/09 [Insert citation of publication]  
*******      

* * * * *

end regulatory text

[FR Doc. E9-25456 Filed 10-22-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P

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