Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Libya
The Department of State is amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to update the policy regarding Libya to reflect the United Nations Security Council arms embargoes adopted in February and March.
1 action from June 2011
- Final Action
Table of Contents Back to Top
- FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
- SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
- Regulatory Analysis and Notices
- Administrative Procedure Act
- Regulatory Flexibility Act
- Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
- Executive Order 13175
- Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
- Executive Orders 12372 and 13132
- Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
- Executive Order 12988
- Paperwork Reduction Act
- List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 126
- PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONS
DATES: Back to Top
Effective Date: This rule is effective May 24, 2011.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Back to Top
Nicholas Memos, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, Department of State, by telephone: (202) 663-2804; fax: (202) 261-8199; or e-mail: email@example.com. Attn: Part 126, Libya.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top
On February 26, 2011, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1970, paragraph 9 of which provides that U.N. member states shall immediately take the necessary measures to prevent the sale, supply or transfer of arms and related materiel of all types to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, with certain exceptions. Additionally, on March 17, 2011, the U.N. Security Council adopted Resolution 1973, paragraph 4 of which authorizes member states to take all necessary measures, notwithstanding the arms embargo established by paragraph 9 of Resolution 1970, to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack in Libya. This rulemaking implements the Security Council's actions within the ITAR by adding Libya to § 126.1(c) and revising the previous policy on Libya contained in § 126.1(k) to announce a policy of denial for all requests for licenses or other approvals to export or otherwise transfer defense articles and services to Libya, except where not prohibited under UNSC embargo and determined to be in the interests of the national security and foreign policy of the United States.
Regulatory Analysis and Notices Back to Top
Administrative Procedure Act
The Department of State is of the opinion that controlling the import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs function of the United States Government and that rules implementing this function are exempt from § 553 (Rulemaking) and § 554 (Adjudications) of the Administrative Procedure Act. Since this rule is exempt from 5 U.S.C. 553, it is the view of the Department of State that the provisions of § 553(d) do not apply to this rulemaking. Therefore, this rule is effective upon publication. The Department also finds that, given the national security issues surrounding U.S. policy towards Libya, that notice and public procedure on this rule would be impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. See 5 U.S.C. 808(2).
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Since this amendment is not subject to the notice-and-comment procedures of 5 U.S.C. 553, it does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This amendment does not involve a mandate that will result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any year and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
The Department has determined that this rule will not have tribal implications, will not impose substantial direct compliance costs on Indian tribal governments, and will not pre-empt tribal law. Accordingly, the requirements of Section 5 of Executive Order 13175 do not apply to this rule.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This amendment has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996.
Executive Orders 12372 and 13132
This amendment will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this amendment does not have sufficient federalism implications to require consultations or warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. The regulations implementing Executive Order 12372 regarding intergovernmental consultation on Federal programs and activities do not apply to this amendment.
Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
The Department of State does not consider this rule to be a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review. The Department is of the opinion that controlling the import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs function of the United States Government and that rules governing the conduct of this function are exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 12866. Because this rulemaking concerns a foreign affairs function of the United States, the Department of State has determined that public participation in this rulemaking under Section 2 of Executive Order 13563 is not required.
The Department of State has reviewed the amendment in light of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 to eliminate ambiguity, minimize litigation, establish clear legal standards, and reduce burden.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35.
Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, part 126, is amended as follows:
PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONS Back to Top
1.The authority citation for part 126 continues to read as follows:
2.Section 126.1 is amended by revising paragraphs (c) and (k) to read as follows:
§ 126.1 Prohibited exports and sales to certain countries.
* * * * *
(c) Exports and sales prohibited by United Nations Security Council embargoes. Whenever the United Nations Security Council mandates an arms embargo, all transactions that are prohibited by the embargo and that involve U.S. persons (see§ 120.15 of this chapter) anywhere, or any person in the United States, and defense articles or services of a type enumerated on the United States Munitions List (22 CFR part 121), irrespective of origin, are prohibited under the ITAR for the duration of the embargo, unless the Department of State publishes a notice in the Federal Register specifying different measures. This would include, but is not limited to, transactions involving trade by U.S. persons who are located inside or outside of the United States in defense articles or services of U.S. or foreign origin that are located inside or outside of the United States. United Nations Arms Embargoes include, but are not necessarily limited to, the following countries:
(1) Cote d'Ivoire.
(2) Democratic Republic of Congo (see also paragraph (i) of this section).
(7) Libya (see also paragraph (k) of this section).
(8) North Korea.
(9) Sierra Leone.
* * * * *
(k) Libya. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses or other approvals for exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in Libya, except where it determines, upon case-by-case review, that the transaction (or activity) is not prohibited under applicable U.N. Security Council resolutions and that the transaction (or activity) is in furtherance of the national security and foreign policy of the United States.
* * * * *
Dated: May 17, 2011.
Ellen O. Tauscher,
Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, Department of State.
[FR Doc. 2011-12621 Filed 5-23-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4710-25-P