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Notice

Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA); Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL)

Action

Notice.

Summary

Title I of WIA (Pub. L. 105-220) requires the U.S. Secretary of Labor (Secretary) to update and publish the LLSIL tables annually, for uses described in the law (including determining eligibility for youth). WIA defines the term “low income individual” as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher level of the poverty line or 70 percent of the LLSIL. This issuance provides the Secretary's annual LLSIL for 2012 and references the current 2012 Health and Human Services “Poverty Guidelines.”

 

Table of Contents Back to Top

Tables Back to Top

DATES: Back to Top

This notice is effective March 28, 2012.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR QUESTIONS ON LLSIL: Back to Top

Please contact Samuel Wright, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room S-4231, Washington, DC 20210; Telephone: 202-693-2870; Fax: 202-693-33015 (these are not toll-free numbers); Email address: wright.samuel.e@dol.gov. Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via Text Telephone (TTY/TDD) by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR QUESTIONS ON FEDERAL YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS: Back to Top

Please contact Evan Rosenberg, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room N-4464, Washington, DC 20210; Telephone: 202-693-3593; Fax: 202-693-3110 (these are not toll-free numbers); Email: Rosenberg.Evan@dol.gov. Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Back to Top

The purpose of WIA is to provide workforce investment activities through statewide and local workforce investment systems that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants. WIA programs are intended to increase the occupational skill attainment by participants and the quality of the workforce, thereby reducing welfare dependency and enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of the Nation.

LLSIL is used for several purposes under the WIA. Specifically, WIA Section 101(25) defines the term “low income individual” for eligibility purposes, and Sections 127(b)(2)(C) and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV) define the terms “disadvantaged youth” and “disadvantaged adult” in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for State formula allotments. The governor and State/local workforce investment boards (WIBs) use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth and adults for certain services. ETA encourages governors and State/local WIBs to consult the WIA regulations and the preamble to the WIA Final Rule (published at 65 FR 49294 August 11, 2000) for more specific guidance in applying LLSIL to program requirements. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the most current poverty-level guidelines in the Federal Register on January 26, 2012 (Volume 77, Number 17), pp. 4034-4035. The HHS 2012 Poverty guidelines may also be found on the Internet at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/12poverty.shtml. ETA plans to have the 2012 LLSIL available on its Web site at http://www.doleta.gov/llsil/2012/.

WIA Section 101(24) defines LLSIL as “that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.” The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary in fall 1981. The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently, BLS provides data to ETA, which ETA then uses to develop the LLSIL tables, as provided in the Appendices to this Federal Register notice.

ETA published the 2011 updates to the LLSIL in the Federal Register of March 21, 2011, at Vol. 76, No. 54, pp. 15343-15348. This notice again updates the LLSIL to reflect cost of living increases for 2011, by calculating the percentage change in the most recent 2011 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for an area to the 2010 CPI-U, and then applying this calculation to each of the March 21, 2011 LLSIL figures. The updated figures for a four-person family are listed in Appendix A, Table 1, by region for both metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Numbers in all of the Appendix tables are rounded up to the nearest dollar. Since program eligibility for low-income individuals, “disadvantaged adults” and “disadvantaged youth” may be determined by family income at 70 percent of the LLSIL, pursuant to WIA Sections 101(25), 127(b)(2)(C), and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV), respectively, those figures are listed as well.

I. Jurisdictions Back to Top

Jurisdictions included in the various regions, based generally on the Census Regions of the U.S. Department of Commerce, are as follows:

A. Northeast Back to Top

Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania Rhode Island, Vermont

B. Midwest Back to Top

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin

C. South Back to Top

Alabama, American Samoa, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Northern Marianas, Oklahoma, Palau, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Islands, Maryland, Micronesia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virgin Islands, Virginia, West Virginia

D. West Back to Top

Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

Additionally, separate figures have been provided for Alaska, Hawaii, and Guam as indicated in Appendix B, Table 2.

For Alaska, Hawaii, and Guam, the year 2011 figures were updated from the 2011 “State Index” based on the ratio of the urban change in the State (using Anchorage for Alaska and Honolulu for Hawaii and Guam) compared to the West regional metropolitan change, and then applying that index to the West regional metropolitan change.

Data on 23 selected Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) are also available. These are based on annual and semiannual CPI-U changes for a 12-month period ending in December 2011. The updated LLSIL figures for these MSAs and 70 percent of LLSIL are reported in Appendix C, Table 3.

Appendix D, Table 4 lists each of the various figures at 70 percent of the updated 2011 LLSIL for family sizes of one to six persons. Because Tables 1-3 only list the LLSIL for a family of four, Table 4 can be used to separately determine the LLSIL for families of between one and six persons. For families larger than six persons, an amount equal to the difference between the six-person and the five-person family income levels should be added to the six-person family income level for each additional person in the family. Where the poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding 70 percent of the LLSIL figure, the figure is shaded. A modified Microsoft Excel version of Appendix D, Table 4, with the area names, will be available on the ETA LLSIL Web site at http://www.doleta.gov/llsil/2012/. Appendix E, Table 5, indicates 100 percent of LLSIL for family sizes of one to six, and is used to determine self-sufficiency as noted at 20 CFR 663.230 of the WIA regulations and WIA Section 134(d)(3)(A)(ii).

II. Use of These Data Back to Top

Governors should designate the appropriate LLSILs for use within the State from Appendices A, B, and C, containing Tables 1 through 3. Appendices D and E, which contain Tables 4 and 5, which adjust a family of four figure for larger and smaller families, may be used with any LLSIL designated. The governor's designation may be provided by disseminating information on MSAs and metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within the State or it may involve further calculations. For example, the State of New Jersey may have four or more LLSIL figures for Northeast metropolitan, Northeast non-metropolitan, portions of the State in the New York City MSA, and those in the Philadelphia MSA. If a workforce investment area includes areas that would be covered by more than one figure, the governor may determine which is to be used.

Under 20 CFR 661.110, a State's policies and measures for the workforce investment system shall be accepted by the Secretary to the extent that they are consistent with WIA and WIA regulations.

III. Disclaimer on Statistical Uses Back to Top

It should be noted that publication of these figures is only for the purpose of meeting the requirements specified by WIA as defined in the law and regulations. BLS has not revised the lower living family budget since 1981, and has no plans to do so. The four-person urban family budget estimates series has been terminated. The CPI-U adjustments used to update LLSIL for this publication are not precisely comparable, most notably because certain tax items were included in the 1981 LLSIL, but are not in the CPI-U. Thus, these figures should not be used for any statistical purposes, and are valid only for those purposes under WIA as defined in the law and regulations.

Appendix A Back to Top

Table 1—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons) by Region1 Back to Top
Region2 2012 adjusted LLSIL 70 percent LLSIL
1For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2Metropolitan area measures were calculated from the weighted average CPI-U's for city size classes A and B/C. Non-metropolitan area measures were calculated from the CPI-U's for city size class D.
3Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the Northeast region are no longer available. The Non-metropolitan percent change was calculated using the U.S. average CPI-U for city size class D.
4Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the West region are based on unpublished BLS data.
Northeast    
Metro $40,521 $28,365
Non-Metro3 38,745 27,122
Midwest    
Metro 35,749 25,024
Non-Metro 34,629 24,240
South    
Metro 34,578 24,205
Non-Metro 34,082 23,857
West    
Metro 38,944 27,261
Non-Metro4 37,530 26,271

Appendix B Back to Top

Table 2—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons), for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam1 Back to Top
Region 2012 adjusted LLSIL 70 percent LLSIL
1For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2Non-Metropolitan percent changes for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam were calculated from the CPI-U's for all urban consumers for city size class D in the Western Region. Generally the non-metro areas LLSIL is lower than the LLSIL in metro areas. This year the non-metro area LLSIL incomes were larger because the change in CPI-U was smaller in the metro areas compared to the change in CPI-U in the non-metro areas of Alaska, Hawaii and Guam.
Alaska    
Metro $46,311 $32,418
Non-Metro2 47,090 32,963
Hawaii, Guam    
Metro 50,089 35,062
Non-Metro2 50,272 35,190

Appendix C Back to Top

Table 3—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons), for 23 Selected MSAs1 Back to Top
Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) 2012 adjusted LLSIL 70 percent LLSIL
1For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2Baltimore and Washington are calculated as a single metropolitan statistical area.
Anchorage, AK $47,469 $33,228
Atlanta, GA 32,617 22,832
Boston—Brockton—Nashua, MA/NH/ME/CT 43,364 30,355
Chicago—Gary—Kenosha, IL/IN/WI 37,012 25,908
Cincinnati—Hamilton, OH/KY/IN 35,188 24,632
Cleveland—Akron, OH 36,836 25,785
Dallas—Ft. Worth, TX 32,781 22,947
Denver—Boulder—Greeley, CO 37,064 25,945
Detroit—Ann Arbor—Flint, MI 34,477 24,134
Honolulu, HI 51,191 35,834
Houston—Galveston—Brazoria, TX 32,109 22,476
Kansas City, MO/KS 34,261 23,983
Los Angeles—Riverside—Orange County, CA 40,915 28,641
Milwaukee—Racine, WI 35,205 24,644
Minneapolis—St. Paul, MN/WI 35,186 24,630
New York—Northern NJ—Long Island, NY/NJ/CT/PA 42,832 29,982
Philadelphia—Wilmington—Atlantic City, PA/NJ/DE/MD 38,992 27,294
Pittsburgh, PA 42,595 29,817
St. Louis, MO/IL 33,341 23,339
San Diego, CA 44,737 31,316
San Francisco—Oakland—San Jose, CA 41,689 29,182
Seattle—Tacoma—Bremerton, WA 42,465 29,726
Washington—Baltimore, DC/MD/VA/WV2 43,606 30,524

Appendix D Back to Top

Table 4: 70 Percent of Updated 2012 Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL), by Family Size Back to Top

To use the 70 percent LLSIL value, where it is stipulated for the WIA programs, begin by locating the region or metropolitan area where the program applicant resides. These are listed in Tables 1, 2 and 3. After locating the appropriate region or metropolitan statistical area, find the 70 percent LLSIL amount for that location. The 70 percent LLSIL figures are listed in the last column to the right on each of the three tables. These figures apply to a family of four. Larger and smaller family eligibility is based on a percentage of the family of four. To determine eligibility for other size families consult Table 4 and the instructions below.

To use Table 4, locate the 70 percent LLSIL value that applies to the individual's region or metropolitan area from Tables 1, 2 or 3. Find the same number in the “family of four” column of Table 4. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the maximum household income the individual is permitted in order to qualify as economically disadvantaged under the WIA.

Where the HHS poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding LLSIL figure, the LLSIL figure appears in a shaded block. Individuals from these size families may consult the 2012 HHS poverty guidelines found on the Health and Human Services Web site at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/12poverty.shtml to find the higher eligibility standard. Individuals from Alaska and Hawaii should consult the HHS guidelines for the generally higher poverty levels that apply in their States.

Family of one Family of two Family of three Family of four Family of five Family of six
$8,098 $13,267 $18,209 $22,476 $26,526 $31,021
8,221 13,473 18,501 22,832 26,945 31,510
8,266 13,545 18,592 22,947 27,084 31,671
8,408 13,775 18,908 23,339 27,544 32,208
8,595 14,081 19,326 23,857 28,154 32,925
8,634 14,153 19,432 23,983 28,303 33,101
8,691 14,239 19,552 24,134 28,480 33,304
8,718 14,284 19,606 24,205 28,568 33,411
8,733 14,305 19,639 24,240 28,611 33,459
8,870 14,536 19,956 24,630 29,070 33,996
8,870 14,538 19,958 24,632 29,070 33,995
8,872 14,542 19,964 24,644 29,083 34,011
9,010 14,769 20,271 25,024 29,530 34,541
9,285 15,220 20,889 25,785 30,431 35,585
9,328 15,292 20,985 25,908 30,577 35,761
9,344 15,313 21,021 25,945 30,617 35,808
9,459 15,502 21,284 26,271 31,005 36,262
9,766 16,008 21,975 27,122 32,009 37,428
9,815 16,084 22,083 27,261 32,169 37,625
9,832 16,108 22,112 27,294 32,214 37,669
10,215 16,742 22,978 28,365 33,476 39,146
10,312 16,898 23,200 28,641 33,797 39,530
10,511 17,224 23,639 29,182 34,439 40,278
10,708 17,540 24,081 29,726 35,080 41,024
10,739 17,599 24,157 29,817 35,190 41,152
10,795 17,694 24,287 29,982 35,379 41,383
10,930 17,912 24,595 30,355 35,824 41,892
10,994 18,016 24,729 30,524 36,026 42,132
11,280 18,478 25,370 31,316 36,957 43,222
11,676 19,128 26,263 32,418 38,256 44,744
11,872 19,449 26,703 32,963 38,898 45,489
11,968 19,612 26,919 33,228 39,216 45,856
12,629 20,689 28,406 35,062 41,377 48,393
12,673 20,768 28,507 35,190 41,527 48,565
12,905 21,144 29,026 35,834 42,286 49,458

Appendix E Back to Top

Table 5: Updated 2012 LLSIL (100 Percent), by Family Size Back to Top

To use the LLSIL to determine the minimum level for establishing self-sufficiency criteria at the State or local level, begin by locating the metropolitan area or region from Table 1, 2 or 3. Then locate the appropriate region or metropolitan statistical area and then find the 2012 adjusted LLSIL amount for that location. These figures apply to a family of four. Locate the corresponding number in the family of four in the column below. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the minimum figure that States must set for determining whether employment leads to self-sufficiency under WIA programs.

Family of one Family of two Family of three Family of four Family of five Family of six
$11,569 $18,953 $26,013 $32,109 $37,894 $44,316
11,744 19,247 26,430 32,617 38,493 45,014
11,808 19,350 26,560 32,781 38,691 45,244
12,012 19,679 27,012 33,341 39,348 46,012
12,279 20,116 27,609 34,082 40,220 47,036
12,334 20,218 27,760 34,261 40,433 47,287
12,416 20,342 27,931 34,477 40,685 47,577
12,454 20,406 28,008 34,578 40,811 47,730
12,476 20,436 28,055 34,629 40,873 47,798
12,672 20,765 28,508 35,186 41,528 48,565
12,671 20,769 28,511 35,188 41,528 48,564
12,674 20,774 28,520 35,205 41,547 48,587
12,871 21,098 28,958 35,749 42,185 49,344
13,264 21,743 29,841 36,836 43,473 50,835
13,325 21,846 29,979 37,012 43,681 51,087
13,349 21,875 30,030 37,064 43,738 51,154
13,513 22,146 30,406 37,530 44,293 51,803
13,951 22,868 31,393 38,745 45,727 53,468
14,021 22,977 31,547 38,944 45,955 53,750
14,045 23,011 31,588 38,992 46,020 53,813
14,593 23,917 32,825 40,521 47,823 55,923
14,731 24,140 33,143 40,915 48,281 56,471
15,016 24,605 33,770 41,689 49,198 57,540
15,297 25,057 34,402 42,465 50,114 58,605
15,342 25,141 34,510 42,595 50,271 58,788
15,422 25,277 34,695 42,832 50,542 59,118
15,614 25,589 35,135 43,364 51,177 59,845
15,705 25,737 35,327 43,606 51,465 60,188
16,114 26,397 36,243 44,737 52,795 61,746
16,680 27,326 37,519 46,311 54,652 63,920
16,960 27,784 38,147 47,090 55,569 64,984
17,097 28,017 38,455 47,469 56,023 65,509
18,042 29,556 40,580 50,089 59,110 69,133
18,104 29,668 40,724 50,272 59,324 69,378
18,436 30,205 41,465 51,191 60,408 70,654

Signed at Washington, DC, this 12th day of March, 2012.

Jane Oates,

Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training.

[FR Doc. 2012-7377 Filed 3-27-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4510-FT-P

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