Skip to Content

Notice

Notice of Filing a Pesticide Petition to Establish a Tolerance for Certain Pesticide Chemicals in or on Food

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

This notice announces the initial filing of a pesticide petition proposing the establishment of Start Printed Page 3697regulations for residues of a certain pesticide chemical in or on various food commodities.

DATES:

Comments, identified by docket control number PF-910, must be received on or before February 23, 2000.

ADDRESSES:

Comments may be submitted by mail, electronically, or in person. Please follow the detailed instructions for each method as provided in Unit I.C. of the “SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.” To ensure proper receipt by EPA, it is imperative that you identify docket control number PF-910 in the subject line on the first page of your response.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

By mail: Susanne Cerrelli, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511C), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, Ariel Rios Bldg., 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW.,Washington, DC 20460; telephone number: (703) 308-8077; e-mail address: Cerrelli.susanne@epa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

You may be affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer or pesticide manufacturer. Potentially affected categories and entities may include, but are not limited to:

CategoriesNAICSExamples of potentially affected entities
Industry111Crop production
112Animal production
311Food manufacturing
32532Pesticide manufacturing

This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in the table could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether or not this action might apply to certain entities. If you have questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed under “FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.”

B. How Can I Get Additional Information, Including Copies of this Document and Other Related Documents?

1. Electronically. You may obtain electronic copies of this document, and certain other related documents that might be available electronically, from the EPA Internet Home Page at http://www.epa.gov/​. To access this document, on the Home Page select “Laws and Regulations” and then look up the entry for this document under the “Federal Register--Environmental Documents.” You can also go directly to the Federal Register listings at http://www.epa.gov/​fedrgstr/​.

2. In person. The Agency has established an official record for this action under docket control number PF-910. The official record consists of the documents specifically referenced in this action, any public comments received during an applicable comment period, and other information related to this action, including any information claimed as confidential business information (CBI). This official record includes the documents that are physically located in the docket, as well as the documents that are referenced in those documents. The public version of the official record does not include any information claimed as CBI. The public version of the official record, which includes printed, paper versions of any electronic comments submitted during an applicable comment period, is available for inspection in the Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB), Rm. 119, Crystal Mall 2 (CM 2), 1921 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA, from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The PIRIB telephone number is (703) 305-5805.

C. How and to Whom Do I Submit Comments?

You may submit comments through the mail, in person, or electronically. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, it is imperative that you identify docket control number PF-910 in the subject line on the first page of your response.

1 . By mail. Submit your comments to: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB), Information Resources and Services Division (7502C), Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), Environmental Protection Agency, Ariel Rios Bldg., 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460.

2 . In person or by courier. Deliver your comments to: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB), Information Resources and Services Division (7502C), Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. 119, CM 2, 1921 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA. The PIRIB is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The PIRIB telephone number is (703) 305-5805.

3. Electronically. You may submit your comments electronically by e-mail to: opp-docket@epa.gov,” or you can submit a computer disk as described above. Do not submit any information electronically that you consider to be CBI. Avoid the use of special characters and any form of encryption. Electronic submissions will be accepted in Wordperfect 6.1/8.0 or ASCII file format. All comments in electronic form must be identified by docket control number PF-910. Electronic comments may also be filed online at many Federal Depository Libraries.

D. How Should I Handle CBI That I Want to Submit to the Agency?

Do not submit any information electronically that you consider to be CBI. You may claim information that you submit to EPA in response to this document as CBI by marking any part or all of that information as CBI. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes any information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public version of the official record. Information not marked confidential will be included in the public version of the official record without prior notice. If you have any questions about CBI or the procedures for claiming CBI, please consult the person identified under “FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.”

E. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?

You may find the following suggestions helpful for preparing your comments:

1. Explain your views as clearly as possible.

2. Describe any assumptions that you used.

3. Provide copies of any technical information and/or data you used that support your views.

4. If you estimate potential burden or costs, explain how you arrived at the estimate that you provide.

5. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns.

6. Make sure to submit your comments by the deadline in this notice.

7. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, be sure to identify the docket control number assigned to this action in the subject line on the first page of your Start Printed Page 3698response. You may also provide the name, date, and Federal Register citation.

II. What Action is the Agency Taking?

EPA has received a pesticide petition as follows proposing the establishment and/or amendment of regulations for residues of a certain pesticide chemical in or on various food commodities under section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Comestic Act (FFDCA), 21 U.S.C. 346a. EPA has determined that this petition contains data or information regarding the elements set forth in section 408(d)(2); however, EPA has not fully evaluated the sufficiency of the submitted data at this time or whether the data supports granting of the petition. Additional data may be needed before EPA rules on the petition.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

End List of Subjects

Environmental protection, Agricultural commodities, Feed additives, Food additives, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Start Signature

Dated: January 5, 2000.

Janet L. Andersen,

Director, Registration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.

End Signature

Summary of Petition

Prophyta Biologischer Pflanzenschutz GmbH

Pesticide Petition 9F6038

EPA has received a pesticide petition (PP) 9F6038 from Prophyta Biologischer Pflanzenschutz GmbH, Inselstrabe 12, D-23999 Malchow/Poel, Germany, proposing pursuant to section 408(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), 21 U.S.C. 346a(d), to amend 40 CFR part 180 to establish an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for the microbial pesticide Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08.

Pursuant to section 408(d)(2)(A)(i) of the FFDCA, as amended, Prophyta Biologischer Pflanzenschutz GmbH has submitted the following summary of information, data, and arguments in support of their pesticide petition. This summary was prepared by Prophyta Biologischer Pflanzenschutz GmbH and EPA has not fully evaluated the merits of the pesticide petition. The summary may have been edited by EPA if the terminology used was unclear, the summary contained extraneous material, or the summary unintentionally made the reader conclude that the findings reflected EPA's position and not the position of the petitioner.

A. Product Name and Proposed Use Practices

Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is proposed for use to control Sclerotinia species in the soil of any agricultural crop. The end-use product, CONTANS®WG, is applied as a spray to the soil, which is followed with mechanical incorporation (i.e., rotating) into the first one to two inches of the top soil layer. The product is applied as a preplant treatment, 3 to 4 months prior to planting the crop, or as a postharvest treatment to plant residues.

B. Product Identity/Chemistry

1. Identity of the pesticide and corresponding residues. Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is the active ingredient in the proposed end-use product CONTANS® WG. CONTANS® WG is currently registered for use in Germany and Switzerland. An application for inclusion of the active ingredient (Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08) in Annex I of Council Directive 91/414/EEC on the marketing of plant-protection products was sanctioned in 1998 and was published in the European Union Gazette.

Coniothyrium minitans was first described after isolation from sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in California in 1947 and has been investigated as a pesticide over the last 20 years. The occurrence of Coniothyrium minitans in the soil has been reported from many countries all over the world.

Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is a naturally occurring soil fungus that primarily attacks and infects sclerotia. When the host organism (sclerotia) is present, Coniothyrium minitans starts to develop a vegetative organism and infects the host. The Coniothyrium minitans population decreases when the number of vital sclerotia drops. The vegetative organism disappears and the fungus rests in a spore stage. The spores of Coniothyrium minitans can survive ungerminated in disintegrated sclerotia for at least 1 year, and the fungus can be recovered from soil in sclerotia for up to 18 months following application. However, at soil temperatures above 25 °C, isolation of Coniothyrium minitans from sclerotia is not possible after 6 months.

2. Magnitude of residue at the time of harvest and method used to determine the residue. An analytical method for detecting and measuring the levels of residues is not applicable. Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is applied to the soil and immediately mixed into the top soil layer prior to planting the crop, or after harvest. It is not applied to growing crops directly. Residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 are not expected on agricultural commodities.

3. A statement of why an analytical method for detecting and measuring the levels of the pesticide residue are not needed. An analytical method for detecting and measuring the levels of residues is not applicable. Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is applied to the soil and immediately mixed into the top soil layer prior to planting the crop, or after harvest. It is not applied to growing crops directly. Residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 are not expected on agricultural commodities.

C. Mammalian Toxicological Profile

CONTANS® WG, the end-use product which contains 5.3% active ingredient, was evaluated for acute toxicity through oral, dermal, inhalation and eye routes of exposure. The results of the studies indicated Toxicity Category III or IV, which pose no significant human health risks.

The acute oral toxicity of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 in rats is greater than 2,500 milligrams per kilograms (mg/kg) (Toxicity Category III), the highest dose tested. The acute dermal toxicity of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 in rats is greater than 2,500 mg/kg (Toxicity Category III), the highest dose tested. The acute intraperitoneal toxicity of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 to rats is greater than 2,000 mg/kg, the highest does tested. The acute inhalation of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 in rats is greater than 12.74 milligrams per liter (mg/L) of air (Toxicity Category IV). Eye irritation in rabbits was not observed at a dose of 0.1 milliliter (ml) (Toxicity Category IV). Skin irritation in rabbits was not observed at a dose of 0.5 ml (Toxicity Category IV). No dermal sensitization was observed in guinea pigs (Toxicity Category IV). Since its discovery in 1947, no incidents of hypersensitivity have been reported by researchers, manufacturers, or users.

A waiver is being requested for acute oral toxicity/pathogenicity, acute dermal toxicity/pathogenicity and acute pulmonary toxicity/pathogenicity data requirements, based on the fact that the active ingredient is not able to grow at temperatures above 32 °C, and thus would not be pathogenic or infective to humans. A growth temperature study has been submitted to support the waiver request. Additionally, acute toxicity studies have determined the end-use product containing the organism is not toxic, irritating or Start Printed Page 3699sensitizing to test animals. Finally, the organism has never been reported as a pathogen of humans, or as causing any type of adverse effect to humans, in published literature or through commercial use.

D. Aggregate Exposure

1. Dietary exposure —i. Food. Dietary exposure from use of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08, as proposed, is minimal. Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is applied to the soil and immediately mixed into the top soil layer prior to planting the crop, or after harvest. It is not applied to growing crops directly. Residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 are not expected on agricultural commodities.

ii. Drinking water. Exposure to humans from residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 in consumed drinking water would be unlikely. In a study to investigate the leaching behavior of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08, it was determined that there is no motility of the organism in the soil. Thus, it would not be possible for the organism to leach into drinking water. Also, due to the specific requirements for growth of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08, it is not likely that the organism could survive or persist in water.

2. Non-dietary exposure. The potential for non-dietary exposure to the general population, including infants and children, is unlikely as the proposed use sites are commercial, agricultural and horticultural settings. However, non-dietary exposures would not be expected to pose any quantifiable risk due to a lack of residues of toxicological concern.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) mitigates the potential for exposure to applicators and handlers of the proposed products, when used in commercial, agricultural and horticultural settings.

E. Cumulative Exposure

It is not expected that, when used as proposed, Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 would result in residues that would remain in human food items.

F. Safety Determination

1. U.S. population. Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 does not grow at temperatures above 32 °C, and thus would not be pathogenic or infective to humans. There have been no reports of toxins or secondary metabolites associated with the organism, and acute toxicity studies have shown that Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is nontoxic, nonirritating and nonsensitizing when applied to test animals.

Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is applied to soil and immediately mixed into the top soil layer prior to planting the crop, or after harvest. It is not applied to growing crops directly. Residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 are not expected on agricultural commodities, and therefore, exposure to the general U.S. population, from the proposed uses, is not anticipated.

2. Infants and children. As mentioned above, residues of Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 are not expected on agricultural commodities. There is a reasonable certainty of no harm for infants and children from exposure to Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 from the proposed uses.

G. Effects on the Immune and Endocrine Systems

Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 is a naturally occurring, nonpathogenic soil organism. To date there is no evidence to suggest that Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 functions in a manner similar to any known hormone, or that it acts as an endocrine disrupter.

H. Existing Tolerances

There are no existing tolerances for this ingredient.

I. International Tolerances

A Codex Alimentarium Commission Maximum Residue Level (MRL) is not required for Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08.

End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 00-1552 Filed 1-21-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-F