Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
Interim final rule with request for comments.
This rule increases the quantity of Class 3 (Native) spearmint oil produced in the Far West that handlers may purchase from, or handle for, producers during the 1999-2000 marketing year. This interim final rule increases the Native spearmint oil salable quantity by 102,311 pounds from 1,125,755 pounds to 1,228,066 pounds, and the allotment percentage by 5 percent from 55 percent to 60 percent. The Spearmint Oil Administrative Committee (Committee), the agency responsible for local administration of the marketing order for spearmint oil produced in the Far West, recommended this rule to avoid extreme fluctuations in supplies and prices and thus help to maintain stability in the Far West spearmint oil market.
Effective on February 11, 2000 through May 31, 2000; comments received by April 10, 2000 will be considered prior to issuance of a final rule.
Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this rule. Comments must be sent to the Docket Clerk, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; Fax: (202) 720-5698, or E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. All comments should reference the docket number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and Start Printed Page 6529will be made available for public inspection in the Office of the Docket Clerk during regular business hours.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert J. Curry, Northwest Marketing Field Office, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1220 SW Third Avenue, room 369, Portland, Oregon 97204-2807; telephone: (503) 326-2724, Fax: (503) 326-7440; or George Kelhart, Technical Advisor, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-5698.
Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone (202) 720-2491; Fax: (202) 720-5698, or E-mail: Jay.Guerber@usda.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This rule is issued under Marketing Order No. 985 (7 CFR Part 985), regulating the handling of spearmint oil produced in the Far West (Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and designated parts of Nevada, and Utah), hereinafter referred to as the “order.” This order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”
The Department of Agriculture (Department) is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Order 12866.
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. Under the provisions of the marketing order now in effect, salable quantities and allotment percentages may be established for classes of spearmint oil produced in the Far West. This rule increases the quantity of Native spearmint oil produced in the Far West that may be purchased from or handled for producers by handlers during the 1999-2000 marketing year, which ends on May 31, 2000. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule.
The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with the Secretary a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing the Secretary would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review the Secretary's ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling.
The U.S. production of spearmint oil is concentrated in the Far West, primarily Washington, Idaho, and Oregon (part of the area covered by the order). Spearmint oil is also produced in the Midwest. The production area covered by the order normally accounts for approximately 63 percent of the annual U.S. production of Scotch spearmint oil and approximately 93 percent of the annual U.S. production of Native spearmint oil.
This rule increases the quantity of Native spearmint oil that handlers may purchase from, or handle for, producers during the 1999-2000 marketing year, which ends on May 31, 2000. This rule increases the salable quantity from 1,125,755 pounds to 1,128,066 pounds and the allotment percentage from 55 percent to 60 percent for Native spearmint oil for the 1999-2000 marketing year.
The salable quantity is the total quantity of each class of oil that handlers may purchase from, or handle for, producers during a marketing year. The salable quantity calculated by the Committee is based on the estimated trade demand. The total salable quantity is divided by the total industry allotment base to determine an allotment percentage. Each producer is allotted a share of the salable quantity by applying the allotment percentage to the producer's individual allotment base for the applicable class of spearmint oil.
The initial salable quantity and allotment percentages for Scotch and Native spearmint oils for the 1999-2000 marketing year were recommended by the Committee at its October 7, 1998, meeting. The Committee recommended salable quantities of 1,199,190 pounds and 1,125,755 pounds, and allotment percentages of 65 percent and 55 percent, respectively, for Scotch and Native spearmint oils. A proposed rule was published in the November 17, 1998, issue of the Federal Register (63 FR 63804). A final rule establishing the salable quantities and allotment percentages for Scotch and Native spearmint oils for the 1999-2000 marketing year was published in the January 19, 1999, issue of the Federal Register (64 FR 2799).
Pursuant to authority contained in sections 985.50, 985.51, and 985.52 of the order, at its January 13, 2000, meeting, the Committee unanimously recommended that the allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil for the 1999-2000 marketing year be increased by 5 percent from 55 percent to 60 percent. Taking into consideration the following discussion on adjustments to the Native spearmint oil salable quantity, the 1999-2000 marketing year salable quantity of 1,125,755 pounds will therefore be increased to 1,228,066 pounds.
The original total industry allotment base for Native spearmint oil for the 1999-2000 marketing year was established at 2,046,828 pounds and was revised during the year to 2,046,214 pounds to reflect a loss of 614 pounds of base due to non-production of some producers' total annual allotments. When the revised total allotment base of 2,046,214 pounds is applied to the originally established allotment percentage of 55, the 1999-2000 marketing year salable quantity of 1,125,755 pounds is effectively modified to 1,125,418 pounds.
By increasing the salable quantity and allotment percentage, this rule makes an additional amount of Native spearmint oil available by releasing such oil from the reserve pool. When applied to each individual producer, the 5 percent allotment percentage increase allows each producer to take up to an amount equal to 5 percent of their allotment base from their Native spearmint oil reserve. If a producer does not have any reserve pool oil, or has less than 5 percent of their allotment base in the reserve pool, the increase in allotment percentage will actually make less than such amount available to the market. Currently, producers receiving 10,020 pounds of additional allotment through this increase do not have any Native spearmint oil in reserve. Thus, rather than 102,311 additional pounds, this action effectively makes an additional 92,291 pounds of Native spearmint oil available to the market.
The following table summarizes the Committee recommendation:
Native Spearmint Oil Recommendation
(A) Estimated 1999-2000 Allotment Base—2,046,828 pounds. This is the figure the original 1999-2000 salable quantities and allotment percentages were based on.
(B) Revised 1999-2000 Allotment Base—2,046,214 pounds. This is 614 Start Printed Page 6530pounds less than the estimated allotment base. This is less because some producers failed to produce all of their previous year's allotment.
(C) Initial 1999-2000 Allotment Percentage—55 percent.
(D) Initial 1999-2000 Salable Quantity—1,125,755 pounds. This figure is 55 percent of 2,046,828 pounds.
(E) Initial Adjustment to the 1999-2000 Salable Quantity—1,125,418 pounds. This figure reflects the salable quantity available after the beginning of the 1999-2000 marketing year due to the 614 pound reduction in the industry allotment base to 2,046,214 pounds.
(F) Increase in Allotment Percentage—5 percent. This percentage increase was recommended by the Committee at its January 13, 2000, meeting.
(G) Revised 1999-2000 Allotment Percentage—60 percent. This figure is derived by adding the 5 percent increase to the initial 1999-2000 allotment percentage of 55 percent.
(H) Computed Increase in the 1999-2000 Salable Quantity—102,311 pounds. This is the product of the revised 1999-2000 allotment base of 2,046,214 and the 5 percent increase.
(I) Revised 1999-2000 Salable Quantity—1,228,066 pounds. This figure is 60 percent of the estimated 1999-2000 allotment base of 2,046,214 pounds.
(J) Effective Increase in the 1999-2000 Salable Quantity—92,291 pounds. This figure represents the amount of Native spearmint oil actually being made available by this action based on the adjustments described herein.
In making this latest recommendation, the Committee considered all available information on supply and demand. The 1999-2000 marketing year began on June 1, 1999. Handlers have indicated that with this action, the available supply of both Scotch and Native spearmint oils appears adequate to meet anticipated demand through May 31, 2000. Without the increase, the Committee believes the industry would not be able to meet market needs. As of January 13, 2000, approximately 25,000 pounds of Native spearmint oil was available for market. The average for sales of Native spearmint oil from January 1 to May 31 over the past 5 years is 208,994 pounds. However, average sales for the period June 1 through December 31 for the past 5 years are 953,978 pounds. The Far West spearmint oil industry has sold 1,206,290 pounds of Native spearmint oil through January 13, 2000. Therefore, based on past history the industry may require at least about 40,000 additional pounds of Native to meet the five year average annual market demand. This action has the effect of adding 92,291 pounds of Native spearmint oil to the amount available for market, bringing the total available supply for the period January 13 through May 31, 2000, up to approximately 117,300 pounds.
The Department, based on its analysis of available information, has determined that the salable quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil for the 1999-2000 marketing year should be increased to 1,228,066 and 60 percent, respectively.
This rule relaxes the regulation of Native spearmint oil and will allow growers to meet market needs and improve returns. In conjunction with the issuance of this rule, the Committee's revised marketing policy statement for the 1999-2000 marketing year has been reviewed by the Department. The Committee's marketing policy statement, a requirement whenever the Committee recommends implementing volume regulations or recommends revisions to existing volume regulations, meets the intent of section 985.50 of the order. During its discussion of revising the 1999-2000 salable quantities and allotment percentages, the Committee considered: (1) The estimated quantity of salable oil of each class held by producers and handlers; (2) the estimated demand for each class of oil; (3) prospective production of each class of oil; (4) total of allotment bases of each class of oil for the current marketing year and the estimated total of allotment bases of each class for the ensuing marketing year; (5) the quantity of reserve oil, by class, in storage; (6) producer prices of oil, including prices for each class of oil; and (7) general market conditions for each class of oil, including whether the estimated season average price to producers is likely to exceed parity. Conformity with the Department's “Guidelines for Fruit, Vegetable, and Specialty Crop Marketing Orders” has also been reviewed and confirmed.
The increase in the Native spearmint oil salable quantity and allotment percentage allows for anticipated market needs for this class of oil. In determining anticipated market needs, consideration by the Committee was given to historical sales, and changes and trends in production and demand.
Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), the AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. Accordingly, the AMS has prepared this initial regulatory flexibility analysis.
The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of business subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the Act, and rules issued thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf. Thus, both statutes have small entity orientation and compatibility.
There are 7 spearmint oil handlers subject to regulation under the marketing order and approximately 119 producers of Scotch spearmint oil and 105 producers of Native spearmint oil in the regulated production area. Small agricultural service firms are defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) (13 CFR 121.201) as those having annual receipts of less than $5,000,000, and small agricultural producers have been defined as those whose annual receipts are less than $500,000.
Based on the SBA's definition of small entities, the Committee estimates that 2 of the 7 handlers regulated by the order could be considered small entities. Most of the handlers are large corporations involved in the international trading of essential oils and the products of essential oils. In addition, the Committee estimates that 25 of the 119 Scotch spearmint oil producers and 7 of the 105 Native spearmint oil producers would be classified as small entities under the SBA definition. Thus, a majority of handlers and producers of Far West spearmint oil may not be classified as small entities.
The Far West spearmint oil industry is characterized by producers whose farming operations generally involve more than one commodity, and whose income from farming operations is not exclusively dependent on the production of spearmint oil. Crop rotation is an essential cultural practice in the production of spearmint oil for weed, insect, and disease control. A normal spearmint oil producing operation would have enough acreage for rotation such that the total acreage required to produce the crop would be about one-third spearmint and two-thirds rotational crops. An average spearmint oil producing farm would thus have to have considerably more acreage than would be planted to spearmint during any given season. To remain economically viable with the added costs associated with spearmint oil production, most spearmint oil producing farms would fall into the category of large businesses.
Small spearmint oil producers represent a minority of farming operations and are more vulnerable to market fluctuations. Such small farmers Start Printed Page 6531generally need to market their entire annual crop and do not have the resources to cushion seasons with poor spearmint oil returns. Conversely, large diversified producers have the potential to endure one or more seasons of poor spearmint oil markets because of stronger incomes from alternate crops which could support the operation for a period of time. Despite the advantage larger producers may have, increasing the Native salable quantity and allotment percentage will help both large and small producers by improving returns.
Based on projections available at the meeting, the Committee considered alternatives to the 5 percent increase. The Committee not only considered leaving the salable quantity and allotment percentage unchanged, but also looked at various increases ranging from 1 percent to 15 percent. The Committee reached its recommendation to increase the salable quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil after careful consideration of all available information, and believes that the level recommended will achieve the objectives sought. Without the increase, the Committee believes the industry would not be able to meet market needs. As of January 13, 2000, approximately 25,000 pounds of Native spearmint oil was available for market. The past 5-year average of Native spearmint oil sales from January 1 to May 31 is 208,994 pounds, whereas the 5-year average for the period June 1 through December 31 is 953,978 pounds. The Far West spearmint oil industry has sold 1,206,290 pounds of Native spearmint oil this season through January 13, 2000. Therefore, based on historical sales the industry may require about 40,000 additional pounds of Native oil to meet the five-year average annual market demand. This action has the effect of adding 92,291 pounds of Native spearmint oil to the amount available for market, bringing the total available supply for the period January 13 through May 31, 2000, up to approximately 117,300 pounds.
Annual salable quantities and allotment percentages have been issued for both classes of spearmint oil since the order's inception. Reporting and recordkeeping requirements have remained the same for each year of regulation. Accordingly, this action will not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large spearmint oil producers and handlers. All reports and forms associated with this program are reviewed periodically in order to avoid unnecessary and duplicative information collection by industry and public sector agencies. The Department has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with this rule.
Finally, the Committee's meeting was widely publicized throughout the spearmint oil industry and all interested persons were invited to attend and participate on all issues. Interested persons are also invited to submit information on the regulatory and informational impacts of this action on small businesses.
A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at the following website: http://www.ams.usda.gov/fv/moab.html. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Jay Guerber at the previously mentioned address in the FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
After consideration of all relevant matter presented, including that contained in the prior proposed and final rules in connection with the establishment of the salable quantities and allotment percentages for Scotch and Native spearmint oils for the 1999-2000 marketing year, the Committee's recommendation and other available information, it is found that to revise section 985.218 (42 FR 2799) to change the salable quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil, as hereinafter set forth, will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.
This rule invites comments on a revision to the salable quantity and allotment percentage for Native spearmint oil for the 1999-2000 marketing year. A 60-day comment period is provided. Any comments received will be considered prior to finalization of this rule.
Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, it is also found and determined upon good cause that it is impracticable, unnecessary, and contrary to the public interest to give preliminary notice prior to putting this rule into effect and that good cause exists for not postponing the effective date of this rule until 30 days after publication in the Federal Register because: (1) This rule increases the quantity of Native spearmint oil that may be marketed during the marketing year which ends on May 31, 2000; (2) the current quantity of Native spearmint oil may be inadequate to meet demand for the remainder of the season, thus making the additional oil available as soon as is practicable is beneficial to both handlers and producers; (3) the Committee unanimously recommended this change at a public meeting and interested parties had an opportunity to provide input; and (4) this rule provides a 60-day comment period and any comments received will be considered prior to finalization of this rule.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 985End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
For the reasons set forth in the preamble,End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 985—MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WESTEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 985.218 is amended by republishing the introductory text and revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
[Note: This section will not appear in the annual Code of Federal Regulations.]
The salable quantity and allotment percentage for each class of spearmint oil during the marketing year beginning on June 1, 1999, shall be as follows:
(b) Class 3 (Native) oil—a salable quantity of 1,288,066 pounds and an allotment percentage of 60 percent.
Dated: February 4, 2000.
Robert C. Keeney,
Deputy Administrator, Fruit and Vegetable Programs.
[FR Doc. 00-3041 Filed 2-9-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3401-02-P