Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing information collection, and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on information collection requirements for investigational device exemptions (IDE's).
Submit written comments on the collection of information by June 12, 2000.
Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Peggy Schlosburg, Office of Information Resources Management (HFA-250), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-1223.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.
With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.
Investigational Device Exemptions, Reports, and Records—21 CFR Part 812 (OMB Control No. 0910-0078)—Extension
Section 520(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 360j(g)) establishes the statutory authority to collect information regarding investigational devices, and establishes rules under which new medical devices may be tested using human subjects in a clinical setting. The FDA Modernization Act of 1997 added section 520(g)(6) to the act and permitted changes to be made to either the investigational device or to the clinical protocol without FDA approval of an IDE supplement.
An IDE allows a device, which would otherwise be subject to provisions of the act, such as premarket notification or premarket approval, to be used in investigations involving human subjects in which the safety and effectiveness of the device is being studied. The purpose of part 812 (21 CFR part 812) is to encourage, to the extent consistent with the protection of public health and safety and with ethical standards, the discovery and development of useful devices intended for human use. The IDE regulation is designed to encourage the development of useful medical devices, and allow investigators the maximum freedom possible, without jeopardizing the health and safety of the public or violating ethical standards.
To do this, the regulation provides for different levels of regulatory control depending on the level of potential risk the investigational device presents to human subjects. Investigations of significant risk devices, ones that present a potential for serious harm to the rights, safety, or welfare of human subjects, are subject to the full requirements of the IDE regulation. Nonsignificant risk device investigations, ones that do not present a potential for serious harm, are subject to the reduced burden of the abbreviated requirements.
The regulation also includes provisions for treatment IDE's. The purpose of these provisions is to facilitate the availability, as early in the device development process as possible, of promising new devices to patients with life-threatening or serious conditions for which no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy is available.
Section 812.10 allows the sponsor of the IDE to request a waiver to all of the requirements of part 812. This information is needed for FDA to determine if waiver of the requirements of part 812 will impact the public's health and safety.
Sections 812.20, 812.25, and 812.27, consist of the information necessary to file an IDE application with FDA. The submission of an IDE application to FDA is required only for significant risk device investigations. Section 812.20 lists the data requirements for the original IDE application; § 812.25 lists the contents of the investigational plan; and § 812.27 lists the data relating to previous investigations or testing. The information in this original IDE application is evaluated by the Center for Devices and Radiological Health to determine whether the proposed investigation will reasonably protect the public health and safety, and for FDA to make a determination to approve the IDE.
Once FDA approves an IDE application, a sponsor must submit certain requests and reports. Under § 812.35, a sponsor who wishes to make a change in the investigation which affects the scientific soundness of the study or the rights, safety, or welfare of the subjects is required to submit a request for the change to FDA. Under § 812.150, a sponsor is required to submit reports to FDA. These requests and reports are submitted to FDA as supplemental applications. This information is needed for FDA to ensure Start Printed Page 19913protection of human subjects and to allow review of the study's progress.
Section 812.36(c) identifies the information necessary to file a treatment IDE application. FDA uses this information to determine if wider distribution of the device is in the interests of the public health. Section 812.36(f) identifies the reports required to allow FDA to monitor the size and scope of the treatment IDE, to assess the sponsor's due diligence in obtaining marketing clearance of the device and to ensure the integrity of the controlled clinical trials.
Section 812.140 lists the recordkeeping requirements for investigators and sponsors. FDA requires this information for tracking and oversight purposes. Investigators are required to maintain records, including correspondence and reports concerning the study; records of receipt, use, or disposition of devices; records of each subject's case history and exposure to the device; informed consent documentation; study protocol and documentation of any deviation from the protocol. Sponsors are required to maintain records, including correspondence and reports concerning the study; records of shipment and disposition; signed investigator agreements; adverse device effects information; and, for a nonsignificant risk device study, an explanation of the nonsignificant risk determination, records on device name and intended use, study objectives, investigator information, institutional review board (IRB) information, and a statement on the extent that good manufacturing practices will be followed.
The most likely respondents to this information collection will primarily be medical device manufacturers, investigators, hospitals, health maintenance organizations, and businesses.
FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:
|21 CFR Section||No. of Respondents||Annual Frequency per Response||Total Annual Responses||Hours per Response||Total Hours|
|812.20, 812.25, and 812.27||600||0.5||300||80||24,000|
|812.35 and 812.150 (Significant)||600||7||4,200||6||25,200|
|1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.|
|21 CFR Section||No. of Recordkeepers||Annual Frequency per Recordkeeping||Total Annual Records||Hours per Record||Total Hours|
|1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.|
Section 812.10 estimates are based on the fact that FDA has received very few, if any, waiver requests in the past, and estimates that very few will be submitted in the future. Therefore, FDA estimates a minimal burden to account for waiver requests.
Sections 812.20, 812.25, and 812.27 estimates are based on the average of IDE's submitted from fiscal years 1995 through 1999. FDA estimates the annual reporting burden for one IDE original application to be approximately 80 hours, and the annual reporting burden for one IDE supplement to be approximately 6 hours.
Sections 812.35 and 812.150 estimates are based on the average of IDE supplements submitted from fiscal years 1995 through 1999 for significant risk device studies. FDA estimates the annual reporting burden for one IDE supplement to be approximately 6 hours.
The reporting burden for nonsignificant risk device studies (§ 812.150) is negligible. Nonsignificant risk device studies are not reported to FDA unless a problem is reported such as an unanticipated adverse device reaction, failure to obtain informed consent, withdrawal of IRB approval, or a recall of a device. In the past, an average of 10 incidences or less annually have been reported to FDA.
Section 812.36(c) and (f) estimates are based on FDA's experience with the treatment use of drugs and knowledge of the types of devices that may meet the treatment use criteria. FDA estimates that an average of six treatment use applications will be submitted each year. FDA estimates that it will take approximately 120 hours to prepare a treatment IDE and the total annual burden for preparing applications will be 720 hours. FDA also estimates that it will take approximately 20 hours to prepare a semiannual report, resulting in a total annual burden of 240 hours for annual reports.
Section 812.40 estimates are based on conversations with manufacturers, industry trade association groups, and businesses over the last 3 years. For significant risk device investigations, FDA has estimated that the recordkeeping burden for preparing an original IDE submission averages 10 hours for each original IDE submission. Similarly, through the same conversations mentioned above, FDA has estimated recordkeeping for each supplement requires 1 hour. The recordkeeping burden for nonsignificant risk device investigations is difficult to estimate because nonsignificant risk device investigations are not required to Start Printed Page 19914be submitted to FDA. The IDE staff estimates that the number of recordkeepers for nonsignificant risk device investigations is equal to the number for active significant risk device investigations. The recordkeeping burden, however, is reduced for nonsignificant risk device studies. It is estimated that 600 recordkeepers will spend 6 hours each in maintaining these records.Start Signature
Dated: April 7, 2000.
William K. Hubbard,
Senior Associate Commissioner for Policy, Planning, and Legislation.
[FR Doc. 00-9131 Filed 4-12-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-01-F