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Rule

Onions Grown in Certain Designated Counties in Idaho, and Malheur County, OR; Decreased Assessment Rate

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the Idaho-Eastern Oregon Onion Committee (Committee) under Marketing Order No. 958 for the 2000-2001 and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.09 to $0.08 per hundredweight of onions handled. The Start Printed Page 40968Committee is responsible for local administration of the marketing order which regulates the handling of onions grown in designated counties in Idaho, and Malheur County, Oregon. Authorization to assess Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion handlers enables the Committee to incur expenses that are reasonable and necessary to administer the program. The fiscal period begins July 1 and ends June 30. The assessment rate will remain in effect indefinitely unless modified, suspended, or terminated.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

July 5, 2000.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Robert J. Curry, Northwest Marketing Field Office, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1220 SW Third Avenue, suite 385, Portland, Oregon 97204-2807; telephone: (503) 326-2724, Fax: (503) 326-7440; or George Kelhart, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-5698.

Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-5698, or E-mail: Jay.Guerber@usda.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

This rule is issued under Marketing Agreement No. 130 and Marketing Order No. 958, both as amended (7 CFR part 958), regulating the handling of onions grown in certain designated counties in Idaho, and Malheur County, Oregon, hereinafter referred to as the “order.” The order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”

The Department of Agriculture (Department) is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Order 12866.

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. Under the order now in effect, Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion handlers are subject to assessments. Funds to administer the order are derived from such assessments. It is intended that the assessment rate as issued herein will be applicable to all assessable onions beginning on July 1, 2000, and continue until amended, suspended, or terminated. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule.

The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with the Secretary a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. Such handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing the Secretary would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review the Secretary's ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling.

This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the Committee for the 2000-2001 and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.09 per hundredweight to $0.08 per hundredweight of onions handled.

The order provides authority for the Committee, with the approval of the Department, to formulate an annual budget of expenses and collect assessments from handlers to administer the program. The Committee consists of six producer members, four handler members and one public member, each of whom is familiar with the Committee's needs and with the costs for goods and services in their local area and are thus in a position to formulate an appropriate budget and assessment rate. The budget and assessment rate were discussed at a public meeting and all directly affected persons had an opportunity to participate and provide input.

For the 1998-99 and subsequent fiscal periods, the Committee recommended, and the Department approved, an assessment rate of $0.09 per hundredweight that would continue in effect from fiscal period to fiscal period unless modified, suspended, or terminated by the Secretary upon recommendation and information submitted by the Committee or other information available to the Secretary.

The Committee met on April 6, 2000, and unanimously recommended 2000-2001 expenditures of $1,047,637 and an assessment rate of $0.08 per hundredweight of onions handled during the 2000-2001 and subsequent fiscal periods. The Committee estimated that the 2000-2001 onion crop will approximate 9,600,000 hundredweight of onions. In comparison, the 1999-2000 fiscal period budget was established at $1,133,785 on an estimated assessable onion crop of 9,200,000 hundredweight of onions. The Committee recommended the decreased assessment rate to help offset the negative effects of the currently depressed onion market.

The Committee anticipates that assessment income during the 2000-2001 fiscal period will be approximately $768,000, which is $60,000 less than the $828,000 assessment income estimated for its 1999-2000 budget. The Committee now projects a total income of approximately $944,372 and expenditures of about $1,025,098 by June 30, 2000. At the time the 1999-2000 fiscal period budget was recommended, the Committee had estimated that it would draw up to $260,785 from its operating reserve. However, since current assessment income is greater than anticipated and expenditures are less than budgeted, the operating reserve may actually be depleted by about $80,726. Thus, the Committee has estimated that its operating reserve will be approximately $859,793 on July 1, 2000, and, if it requires an estimated $234,637 from its monetary reserve as budgeted during the 2000-2001 fiscal period, approximately $625,156 on July 1, 2001. Lower assessment rates were considered, but not recommended because they would not generate the income necessary to administer the program with an adequate operating reserve.

The major expenditures recommended by the Committee for the 2000-2001 fiscal period include $235,105 for marketing order administration, which includes salary, office, travel and Committee expenses, $58,532 for production research, $675,000 for market promotion including paid advertising, $54,000 for export market development, and $25,000 for marketing order contingencies. Budgeted expenses for these items in the 1999-2000 fiscal period were $224,685, $69,100, $750,000, $60,000, and $30,000, respectively.

The Committee has based its recommended assessment rate decrease on the 2000-2001 crop estimate and fiscal period expenditures estimate, the current condition of the onion market, and the current and projected size of its monetary reserve. The decreased assessment rate should provide $768,000 in income, which, when combined with interest income of $45,000 and operating reserve funds of $234,637, would be adequate to cover budgeted expenses. As noted above, the Start Printed Page 40969Committee estimates it will have approximately $859,793 in its operating reserve at the end of the 1999-2000 fiscal period, which should be adequate to cover any income shortages. This amount is within the maximum permitted by the order of approximately one fiscal period's expenditures (§ 958.44).

The assessment rate established in this rule will continue in effect indefinitely unless modified, suspended, or terminated by the Secretary upon recommendation and information submitted by the Committee or other available information.

Although this assessment rate will be in effect for an indefinite period, the Committee will continue to meet prior to or during each fiscal period to recommend a budget of expenses and consider recommendations for modification of the assessment rate. The dates and times of Committee meetings are available from the Committee or the Department and are locally published. Committee meetings are open to the public and interested persons may express their views at these meetings. The Department will evaluate Committee recommendations and other available information to determine whether modification of the assessment rate is needed. Further rulemaking will be undertaken as necessary.

Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this rule on small entities. Accordingly, the AMS has prepared this final regulatory flexibility analysis.

The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of business subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the Act, and the rules issued thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf. Thus, both statutes have small entity orientation and compatibility.

There are approximately 34 handlers of Idaho-Eastern Oregon onions who are subject to regulation under the order and approximately 270 onion producers in the regulated production area. Small agricultural service firms are defined by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201) as those having annual receipts of less than $5,000,000, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of less than $500,000.

The Committee estimates that all of the handlers of Idaho-Eastern Oregon onions ship under $5,000,000 worth of onions on an annual basis. In addition, based on acreage, production, and producer prices reported by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the total number of onion producers in the regulated production area, the average gross annual producer revenue from onions is about $230,000. Based on this information, it can be concluded that the majority of Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion handlers and producers may be classified as small entities, excluding receipts from other sources.

This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the Committee and collected from handlers for the 2000-2001 and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.09 per hundredweight to $0.08 per hundredweight of onions handled. Both the $0.08 assessment rate and the 2000-2001 budget of $1,047,637 were unanimously recommended by the Committee at its April 6, 2000, meeting. The $0.08 assessment rate is $0.01 lower than the 1999-2000 rate. The Committee recommended a decreased assessment rate to help offset the negative effects of the currently depressed onion market. The anticipated 2000-2001 crop of 9,600,000 hundredweight is approximately 400,000 hundredweight larger than the crop estimate used to establish the 1999-2000 budget. The $0.08 rate should provide $768,000 in assessment income, which, when combined with estimated interest income of $45,000 and up to $234,637 from the operating reserve, should be adequate to meet the 2000-2001 fiscal period's budgeted expenses.

The Committee reviewed and unanimously recommended 2000-2001 expenditures of $1,047,637 which include increases in administrative expenses, salaries, and committee expenses, and decreases in production research, market promotion, export market development, and contingency fund expenses. Prior to recommending this budget, the Committee considered information from various sources, including the Idaho-Eastern Oregon Onion Executive, Research, Promotion and Export Market Development Committees. Alternative expenditure levels were discussed and rejected by these subcommittees, and ultimately by the full Committee, based upon the relative value of various research and promotion projects to the Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion industry.

The major expenditures recommended by the Committee for the 2000-2001 fiscal period include $235,105 for marketing order administration, which includes salary, office, travel and Committee expenses, $58,532 for production research, $675,000 for market promotion including paid advertising, $54,000 for export market development, and $25,000 for marketing order contingencies. Budgeted expenses for these items in the 1999-2000 fiscal period were $224,685, $69,100, $750,000, $60,000, and $30,000, respectively.

A review of historical information and preliminary information pertaining to the upcoming season indicates that the F.O.B. price for the 2000-2001 onion season could average $5.50 per hundredweight of onions. Therefore, the estimated assessment revenue for the 2000-2001 fiscal period ($768,000) as a percentage of the projected total F.O.B. revenue ($52,800,000) would be 0.0145 percent. This figure indicates that the $0.08 assessment rate will have a relatively insignificant impact on the Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion industry.

This action decreases the assessment obligation imposed on handlers. While assessments impose some additional costs on handlers, the costs are minimal and uniform on all handlers. Some of the additional costs may be passed on to producers. However, these costs would be offset by the benefits derived by the operation of the order. In addition, the Committee's meeting was widely publicized throughout the Idaho-Eastern Oregon onion industry and all interested persons were invited to attend the meeting and participate in Committee deliberations on all issues. Like all Committee meetings, the April 6, 2000, meeting was a public meeting and all entities, both large and small, were able to express views on this issue.

This rule imposes no additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large onion handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and public sector agencies.

The Department has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with this rule.

A proposed rule concerning this action was published in the Federal Register on May 15, 2000 (65 FR 30920). A copy of the proposed rule was mailed to the Committee office, which in turn notified Committee members and industry members. The proposed rule was also made available on the Internet by the Office of the Federal Register. A 30-day comment period ending June 14, 2000, was provided for interested persons to respond to the proposal. No comments were received. Start Printed Page 40970

A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/​fv/​moab.html. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Jay Guerber at the previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

After consideration of all relevant material presented, including the information and recommendation submitted by the Committee and other available information, it is hereby found that this rule, as hereinafter set forth, will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.

Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, it is also found and determined that good cause exists for not postponing the effective date of this rule until 30 days after publication in the Federal Register because: (1) The Committee needs to have sufficient funds to pay its expenses which are incurred on a continuous basis; (2) the 2000-2001 fiscal period begins on July 1, 2000, and the order requires that the rate of assessment for each fiscal period apply to all assessable onions handled during such fiscal period; (3) handlers are aware of this action which was unanimously recommended by the Committee at a public meeting; and (4) a 30-day comment period was provided for in the proposed rule, and no comments were received.

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 958

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble,

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PART 958—ONIONS GROWN IN CERTAIN DESIGNATED COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601-674.

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2. Section 958.240 is revised to read as follows:

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Assessment rate.

On and after July 1, 2000, an assessment rate of $0.08 per hundredweight is established for Idaho-Eastern Oregon onions.

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Dated: June 27, 2000.

Robert C. Keeney

Deputy Administrator, Fruit and Vegetable Programs

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[FR Doc. 00-16741 Filed 6-30-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-02-P