Skip to Content

Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Investigational Device Exemptions, Reports, and Records

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that the proposed collection of information listed below has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.

DATES:

Submit written comments on the collection of information by August 7, 2000.

ADDRESSES:

Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, New Executive Office Bldg., 725 17th St. NW., rm. 10235, Washington, DC 20503, Attn: Wendy Taylor, Desk Officer for FDA.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Peggy Schlosburg, Office of Information Resources Management (HFA-250), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-1223.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In compliance with 44 U.S.C. 3507, FDA has submitted the following proposed collection of information to OMB for review and clearance.

Investigational Device Exemptions, Reports, and Records—21 CFR Part 812 (OMB Control No. 0910-0078)—Extension

Section 520(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 360j(g)) establishes the statutory authority to collect information regarding investigational devices and establishes rules under which new medical devices may be tested using human subjects in a clinical setting. The FDA Modernization Act of 1997 added section 520(g)(6) to the act and permitted changes to be made to either the investigational device or to the clinical protocol without FDA approval of an investigational device exemption (IDE) supplement.

An IDE allows a device, which would otherwise be subject to provisions of the act, such as premarket notification or premarket approval, to be used in investigations involving human subjects in which the safety and effectiveness of the device is being studied. The purpose of part 812 (21 CFR part 812) is to encourage, to the extent consistent with the protection of public health and safety and with ethical standards, the discovery and development of useful devices intended for human use. The IDE regulation is designed to encourage the development of useful medical devices and allow investigators the maximum freedom possible, without jeopardizing the health and safety of the public or violating ethical standards.

To do this, the regulation provides for different levels of regulatory control depending on the level of potential risk the investigational device presents to human subjects. Investigations of significant risk devices, those that present a potential for serious harm to the rights, safety, or welfare of human subjects, are subject to the full requirements of the IDE regulation. Nonsignificant risk device investigations, those that do not present a potential for serious harm, are subject to the reduced burden of the abbreviated requirements.

The regulation also includes provisions for treatment IDE's. The purpose of these provisions is to facilitate the availability, as early in the device development process as possible, of promising new devices to patients with life-threatening or serious conditions for which no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy is available.

Section 812.10 allows the sponsor of the IDE to request a waiver to all of the requirements of part 812. This information is needed for FDA to determine if waiver of the requirements of part 812 will impact the public's health and safety.

Sections 812.20, 812.25, and 812.27, consist of the information necessary to file an IDE application with FDA. The submission of an IDE application to FDA is required only for significant risk device investigations. Section 812.20 lists the data requirements for the original IDE application, § 812.25 lists the contents of the investigational plan, and § 812.27 lists the data relating to previous investigations or testing. The information in this original IDE application is evaluated by the Center for Devices and Radiological Health to determine whether the proposed investigation will reasonably protect the public health and safety, and for FDA to make a determination to approve the IDE.

Once FDA approves an IDE application, a sponsor must submit certain requests and reports. Under § 812.35, a sponsor who wishes to make a change in the investigation which affects the scientific soundness of the study or the rights, safety, or welfare of Start Printed Page 41677the subjects is required to submit a request for the change to FDA. Under § 812.150, a sponsor is required to submit reports to FDA. These requests and reports are submitted to FDA as supplemental applications. This information is needed for FDA to ensure protection of human subjects and to allow review of the study's progress.

Section 812.36(c) identifies the information necessary to file a treatment IDE application. FDA uses this information to determine if wider distribution of the device is in the interests of the public health. Section 812.36(f) identifies the reports required to allow FDA to monitor the size and scope of the treatment IDE, to assess the sponsor's due diligence in obtaining marketing clearance of the device and to ensure the integrity of the controlled clinical trials.

Section 812.140 lists the recordkeeping requirements for investigators and sponsors. FDA requires this information for tracking and oversight purposes. Investigators are required to maintain records, including correspondence and reports concerning the study; records of receipt, use, or disposition of devices; records of each subject's case history and exposure to the device; informed consent documentation; study protocol and documentation of any deviation from the protocol. Sponsors are required to maintain records, including correspondence and reports concerning the study; records of shipment and disposition; signed investigator agreements; adverse device effects information; and, for a nonsignificant risk device study, an explanation of the nonsignificant risk determination, records on device name and intended use, study objectives, investigator information, institutional review board (IRB) information, and a statement on the extent that good manufacturing practices will be followed.

The most likely respondents to this information collection will primarily be medical device manufacturers, investigators, hospitals, health maintenance organizations, and businesses.

In the Federal Register of April 13, 2000 (65 FR 19912), the agency requested comments on the proposed collection of information. No significant comments were received.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
812.1011111
812.20,812.25, and 812.276000.53008024,000
812.35 and 812.150 (Significant)60074,200625,200
812.150 (Nonsignificant)6000.01710660
812.36(c)616120720
812.36(f)621220240
Total50.221
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

Table 2.—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency per RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per RecordkeeperTotal Hours
812.406000.5300103,000
Original Supplemental60074,20014,200
Nonsignificant600160063,600
Total10,800
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

I. Reporting

Section 812.10 estimates are based on the fact that FDA has received very few, if any, waiver requests in the past, and estimates that very few will be submitted in the future. Therefore, FDA estimates a minimal burden to account for waiver requests.

Sections 812.20, 812.25, and 812.27 estimates are based on the average of IDE's submitted from fiscal years 1995 through 1999. FDA estimates the annual reporting burden for one IDE original application to be approximately 80 hours, and the annual reporting burden for one IDE supplement to be approximately 6 hours.

Sections 812.35 and 812.150 estimates are based on the average of IDE supplements submitted from fiscal years 1995 through 1999 for significant risk device studies. FDA estimates the annual reporting burden for one IDE supplement to be approximately 6 hours.

The reporting burden for nonsignificant risk device studies (§ 812.150) is negligible. Nonsignificant risk device studies are not reported to FDA unless a problem is reported such as an unanticipated adverse device reaction, failure to obtain informed consent, withdrawal of IRB approval, or a recall of a device. In the past, an average of 10 incidences or less annually have been reported to FDA. Section 812.36(c) and (f) estimates are based on FDA's experience with the treatment use of drugs and knowledge of the types of devices that may meet the treatment use criteria. FDA estimates that an average of six treatment use applications will be submitted each year. FDA estimates that it will take approximately 120 hours to prepare a treatment IDE and the total annual burden for preparing applications will be 720 hours. FDA also estimates that it will take approximately 20 hours to prepare a semiannual report, resulting in a total annual burden of 240 hours for annual reports.

II. Recordkeeping

Section 812.40 estimates are based on conversations with manufacturers, industry trade association groups, and Start Printed Page 41678businesses over the last 3 years. For significant risk device investigations, FDA has estimated that the recordkeeping burden for preparing an original IDE submission averages 10 hours for each original IDE submission. Similarly, through the same conversations mentioned above, FDA has estimated recordkeeping for each supplement requires 1 hour. The recordkeeping burden for nonsignificant risk device investigations is difficult to estimate because nonsignificant risk device investigations are not required to be submitted to FDA. The IDE staff estimates that the number of recordkeepers for nonsignificant risk device investigations is equal to the number for active significant risk device investigations. The recordkeeping burden, however, is reduced for nonsignificant risk device studies. It is estimated that 600 recordkeepers will spend 6 hours each in maintaining these records.

Start Signature

Dated: June 27, 2000.

William K. Hubbard,

Senior Associate Commissioner for Policy, Planning, and Legislation.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 00-16974 Filed 7-5-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-F