Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Direct final rule.
The EPA is taking direct final action approving revisions to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) emergency episode plan regulations in the Texas State Implementation Plan (SIP). These revisions update statutory citations, Start Printed Page 45916update references to the commission, and change various wording to improve readability. The EPA is approving these revisions to the Texas SIP as requested by the Governor of Texas.
This rule is effective on September 25, 2000 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by August 25, 2000. If EPA receives such comment, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that this rule will not take effect.
Written comments on this action should be addressed to Mr. Thomas H. Diggs, Chief, Air Planning Section (6PD-L), at the EPA Region 6 Office listed below. Copies of documents relevant to this action are available for public inspection during normal business hours at the following locations. Anyone wanting to examine these documents should make an appointment with the appropriate office at least two working days in advance.
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6, Air Planning Section (6PD-L), 1445 Ross Avenue, Dallas, Texas 75202-2733.
Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, Office of Air Quality, 12124 Park 35 Circle, Austin, Texas 78753.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Bill Deese of the EPA Region 6 Air Planning Section at (214) 665-7253.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Throughout this document whenever “we” is used, we mean EPA. This document makes a reference to 40 CFR 52.2270(c)(71). 40 CFR 52.2270(c)(71) was moved to 40 CFR 52.2299(c)(71) in a Federal Register action published July 7, 1999 (64 FR 36586).
I. What Is EPA Approving in This Action?
We are approving Title 30, Chapter 118, of the Texas Administrative Code (30 TAC Chapter 118), Control of Air Pollution Episodes, adopted by TNRCC on February 9, 2000, effective March 5, 2000, as a revision to the Texas SIP.
Chapter 118 in the current Texas SIP was adopted by the former Texas Air Control Board (TACB) on July 17, 1987, and April 14, 1989, and approved by EPA on September 6, 1990 (55 FR 36632) at § 52.2270(c)(71). It is available for public inspection by selecting “Texas” and then selecting “TX Chap 118 (Reg 8)—Control of Air Pollution Episodes” at the following web site: http://www.epa.gov/earth1r6/6pd/air/sip/sip.htm (Must be all lower case.)
On February 27, 2000, the Governor of Texas submitted to EPA an amended Chapter 118 adopted by TNRCC on February 9, 2000. These amendments change references to sections 3.14 and 3.14(a) of the Texas Clean Air Act to section 5.514 of the Texas Water Code to reflect current codification of the same statutory content, replace references to the former TACB with “commission” to indicate that the commission is responsible for administering and enforcing the rules, and make acceptable editorial changes to the regulation to improve readability.
II. Final Action
The EPA is approving 30 TAC Chapter 118, Control of Air Pollution Episodes, adopted by TNRCC on February 9, 2000, effective March 5, 2000, and submitted by the Governor on February 27, 2000. Chapter 118 replaces Chapter 118 approved by EPA September 6, 1990 (55 FR 36632) in the Texas SIP.
The EPA is publishing this rule without prior proposal because we view this as a noncontroversial amendment and anticipate no adverse comments. However, in the “Proposed Rules” section of today's Federal Register publication, we are publishing a separate document that will serve as the proposal to approve the SIP revision if adverse comments are received. This rule will be effective on September 25, 2000 without further notice unless we receive adverse comment by August 25, 2000. If EPA receives adverse comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. We will address all public comments in a subsequent final rule based on the proposed rule. We will not institute a second comment period on this action. Any parties interested in commenting must do so at this time.
III. Administrative Requirements
A. Executive Order 12866
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted this regulatory action from Executive Order 12866, entitled “Regulatory Planning and Review.”
Executive 13132, entitled “Federalism” (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999) revokes and replaces Executive Order 12612, “Federalism,” and Executive Order 12875, “Enhancing the Intergovernmental Partnership.” Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” “Policies that have federalism implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.”
Under Executive Order 13132, EPA may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications, that imposes substantial direct compliance costs, and that is not required by statute, unless the Federal government provides the funds necessary to pay the direct compliance costs incurred by State and local governments, or EPA consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation. The EPA also may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications and that preempts State law unless the Agency consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation.
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, because it merely approves a State rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Federal Clean Air Act (the Act). Thus, the requirements of section 6 of the Executive Order do not apply to this rule.
Executive Order 13045, entitled “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be “economically significant” as defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency.
The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those regulatory actions that are based on Start Printed Page 45917health or safety risks, such that the analysis required under section 5-501 of the Order has the potential to influence the regulation. This final rule is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it approves a State program.
Under Executive Order 13084, EPA may not issue a regulation that is not required by statute, that significantly or uniquely affects the communities of Indian tribal governments, and that imposes substantial direct compliance costs on those communities, unless the Federal government provides the funds necessary to pay the direct compliance costs incurred by the tribal governments, or EPA consults with those governments. If EPA complies by consulting, Executive Order 13084 requires EPA to provide to the OMB, in a separately identified section of the preamble to the rule, a description of the extent of EPA's prior consultation with representatives of affected tribal governments, a summary of the nature of their concerns, and a statement supporting the need to issue the regulation.
In addition, Executive Order 13084 requires EPA to develop an effective process permitting elected officials and other representatives of Indian tribal governments “to provide meaningful and timely input in the development of regulatory policies on matters that significantly or uniquely affect their communities.”
Today's rule does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of Indian tribal governments. This action does not involve or impose any requirements that affect Indian tribes. Accordingly, the requirements of section 3(b) of Executive Order 13084 do not apply to this rule.
E. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 600 et seq., generally requires an agency to conduct a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small not-for-profit enterprises, and small governmental jurisdictions.
This final rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities because SIP approvals under section 110 and subchapter I, part D of the Act do not create any new requirements but simply approve requirements that the State is already imposing. Therefore, because the Federal SIP approval does not create any new requirements, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Moreover, due to the nature of the Federal-State relationship under the Act, preparation of a flexibility analysis would constitute Federal inquiry into the economic reasonableness of state action. The Act forbids EPA to base its actions concerning SIPs on such grounds. See Union Electric Co., v. U.S. EPA, 427 U.S. 246, 255-66 (1976); 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2).
F. Unfunded Mandates
Under section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, signed into law on March 22, 1995, EPA must prepare a budgetary impact statement to accompany any proposed or final rule that includes a Federal mandate that may result in estimated annual costs to State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate; or to private sector, of $100 million or more. Under section 205, EPA must select the most cost-effective and least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule and is consistent with statutory requirements. Section 203 requires EPA to establish a plan for informing and advising any small governments that may be significantly or uniquely impacted by the rule.
The EPA has determined that the approval action promulgated does not include a Federal mandate that may result in estimated annual costs of $100 million or more to either State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate, or to the private sector. This Federal action approves pre-existing requirements under State or local law, and imposes no new requirements. Accordingly, no additional costs to State, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, result from this action.
G. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule can not take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major” rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be effective September 25, 2000.
H. Petitions for Judicial Review
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by September 25, 2000.
Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. See section 307(b)(2).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Carbon monoxide
- Intergovernmental relations
- Nitrogen oxides
- Particulate matter
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Sulfur oxides
- Volatile organic compounds
Dated: July 14, 2000.
Acting Regional Administrator, Region 6.
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 52—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart SS—TexasStart Amendment Part
2. In § 52.2270(c), the first table is amended by revising the entry for “Chapter 118 (Reg 8)—Control of Air Pollution Episodes” to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) * * * Start Printed Page 45918
|State citation||Title/subject||State approval submittal date||EPA approval date||Explanation|
|* * * * * * *|
|Chapter 118 (Reg 8)—control of air pollution episodes|
|Section 118.1||Generalized Air Pollution Episodes.||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|Section 118.2||Provisions Governing Generalized Episode Control.||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|Section 118.3||Localized Air Pollution Episodes.||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|Section 118.4||Hearings.||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|Section 118.5||Emission Reduction Plan.||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|Section 118.6||Texas Air Pollution Episode Contingency Plan and Emergency Management Center||03/05/2000||July 26, 2000|
|* * * * * * *|
[FR Doc. 00-18787 Filed 7-25-00; 8:45 am]
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