On January 3, 2000, the Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc. (“CHX” or “Exchange”) submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) pursuant to Section 19(b)(1)  of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”) and Rule 19b-4  thereunder, a proposed rule change relating to the definition of preopening orders in Dual Trading System Issues. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on March 29, 2000. The Commission received no comments on the proposal. On July 19, 2000, the Exchange submitted Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change. This order approves the proposal. The Commission is also soliciting comment on Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change from interested persons, and has approved the amendment on an accelerated basis, as discussed below.
II. Description of the Proposal
The Exchange has proposed to amend its Article XX, Rule 37(a)(4), which governs guaranteed executions of preopening orders, to define what constitutes a pre-opening order in Dual Trading System Issues. A Dual Trading System Issue is an issue that is traded on the CHX, either through listing on the CHX or pursuant to unlisted trading privileges, and that is also traded on either the New York Stock Exchange or American Stock Exchange.
Currently, CHX Rule 37(a)(4) requires that a preopening order be accepted and filled at the primary market opening trade price. Pursuant to this language, orders received at the CHX before the primary market publishes its first print  are customarily filled at the first print price. According to the CHX, it has applied the rule in this manner because prints are the most common way of effecting an opening in a security. Nevertheless, on occasion a primary market may open a security by disseminating a quote without a corresponding print. Thus, when a security is opened by the primary market with a published quote, orders received by the CHX after such quote has been published are not considered preopening orders.
According to the Exchange, the lack of a specific definition of what is a preopening order has caused confusion and led to unintended execution guarantees. Specifically, the Exchange stated that there has been confusion about the status of orders received on the CHX after a primary market has published a quote but before a primary market has published a print. Therefore, the Exchange's proposal would clarify that orders received after a primary market opens a security with a published quote are not preopening orders for the purposes of CHX Rule 37(a)(4). Specifically, the Exchange proposed to define a preopening order as an order received prior to a primary market's opening of a subject security, which can occur either with a trade or a quote. Thus, an order received on the CHX after the primary maket publishes a quote but before the primary market has published a print will not be considered a preopening order for the purposes of CHX Rule 37(a)(4) and therefore not entitled to be filled at a subsequent primary market print.
The Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. Specifically, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5), which requires, among other things, that the rules of an exchange be designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and in general to protect investors and the public interest.
The Commission believes that the proposed definition helps to clarify the Exchange's rules regarding execution guarantees for Dual Trading System Issues. According to the Exchange, the lack of a specific definition regarding which type of orders will be executed at the primary market's opening trade price has caused confusion among investors. By providing a specific definition of a preopening order, the Exchange should be able to reduce confusion on this issue among investors and Exchange specialists and provide more certainty to investors on the execution price their orders are entitled to receive. The Commission believes that eliminating this confusion about how an order will be handled should enhance the efficiency of order executions on the CHX. Moreover, investors should be able to make informed decisions on where to route their orders for execution because they should have a clearer understanding about how their order will be handled and executed.
The Commission understands that the CHX's definition is consistent with the definition of preopening orders on other markets. Further, the Commission notes that there should not be confusion as to whether a primary market opens a security with a quote as opposed to a trade because, according to information provided by the CHX, information on how a stock opens (i.e., whether it opens by a quote or a trade) is widely disseminated by market data vendors. Therefore, the Commission believes that the proposal should foster just and equitable principles of trade by specifically defining which orders are designated preopening orders and thus entitled to be executed at the primary market's opening trade price.
The Commission finds that good cause exists for approving Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change prior to the thirtieth day after the date of publication of notice thereof in the Federal Register. In Amendment No. 1, the CHX amended the language of the definition of preopening order to better reflect its intent that preopening orders are orders received by the CHX before a primary market opens a subject security, which can occur by either a quote or a trade. The Commission finds that the language proposed in Amendment No. 1 further clarifies the CHX's definition of preopening orders. Therefore, because the Commission finds that Amendment No. 1 does not substantively change the meaning or Start Printed Page 48036intent of the proposed rule, the Commission believes that good cause exists, consistent with Sections 6(b)(5)  and 19(b)  of the Act, to approve Amendment No. 1 on an accelerated basis.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning Amendment No. 1, including whether Amendment No. 1 is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the CHX. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-CHX-99-31 and should be submitted by August 25, 2000.
It Is Therefore Ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the amended proposed rule change (SR-CHX-99-31) be and hereby is approved.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
4. Letter from Daniel J. Liberti, Vice President and Chief Enforcement Counsel, CHX, to Kelly Riley, Attorney, Division of Market Regulation, SEC, dated July 17, 2000 (“Amendment No. 1”). In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange replaced the originally proposed language defining a preopening order. As amended, CHX Rule 37(a)(4) will read: “[f]or purposes of this rule, preopening orders in Dual Trading System Issues are orders that are received before a primary market opens a subject security based on a print or based on a quote.”Back to Citation
5. A print is defined as an executed tradeBack to Citation
6. In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered its impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 00-19737 Filed 8-3-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M