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Oranges, Grapefruit, Tangerines, and Tangelos Grown in Florida; Increase in the Minimum Size Requirements for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst Tangerines

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule increases the minimum size requirements for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines grown in Florida. The minimum size requirements increase to 26/16 inches diameter for both domestic and export shipments. The marketing order regulates the handling of oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, and tangelos grown in Florida and is administered locally by the Citrus Administrative Committee (Committee). This rule will help the Florida tangerine industry meet market demands for larger fruit and should help increase returns to producers.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This final rule becomes effective September 26, 2000.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

William G. Pimental, Marketing Specialist, Southeast Marketing Field Office, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, P.O. Box 2276, Winter Haven, Florida 33883-2276; telephone: (863) 299-4770, Fax: (863) 299-5169; or George Kelhart, Technical Advisor, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-5698.

Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, P.O. Box 96456, room 2525-S, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-5698, or E-mail: Jay.Guerber@usda.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

This final rule is issued under Marketing Agreement No. 84 and Marketing Order No. 905, both as amended (7 CFR part 905), regulating the handling of oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, and tangelos grown in Florida, hereinafter referred to as the “order.” The marketing agreement and order are effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”

The Department of Agriculture (Department) is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Order 12866.

This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule.

The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with the Secretary a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing the Secretary would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review the Secretary's ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling.

The order for Florida citrus provides for the establishment of minimum grade and size requirements with the concurrence of the Secretary. The minimum grade and size requirements are designed to provide fresh markets with fruit of acceptable quality and size, thereby maintaining consumer confidence for fresh Florida citrus. This contributes to stable marketing conditions in the interest of growers, handlers, and consumers, and helps increase returns to Florida citrus growers. The current minimum grade standard for domestic and export shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines is U.S. No. 1. The current minimum size requirement for domestic shipments is 24/16 inches in diameter (size 210), and the minimum size for export shipments is 22/16 inches Start Printed Page 57539in diameter for Dancy tangerines and 24/16 for Robinson and Sunburst.

This final rule changes the order's rules and regulations by increasing the minimum size requirement for domestic and export shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines. This rule increases the minimum size to 26/16 inches in diameter for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines both for domestic and export shipments. This rule will help the Florida tangerine industry meet market and industry demand for larger fruit and should help increase returns to producers. The Committee met on May 26, 2000, and unanimously recommended this action.

Section 905.52 of the order, in part, authorizes the Committee to recommend minimum grade and size regulations to the Secretary. Section 905.306 (7 CFR part 905.306) specifies minimum grade and size requirements for different varieties of fresh Florida tangerines. Such requirements for domestic shipments are specified in § 905.306 in Table I of paragraph (a), and for export shipments in Table II of paragraph (b). This rule adjusts Table I and Table II to establish a minimum size of 26/16 inches diameter for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines.

This rule increases the minimum size requirement for domestic and export shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines. Based on an analysis of markets and demands of buyers, the Committee believes that an increase in minimum size will improve the marketing of Florida tangerines. This follows an industry movement toward shipping larger tangerines. New commercial varieties have resulted in larger-sized tangerines being shipped in response to a strong consumer demand. Because of this demand, production of larger tangerines has been a popular method of improving returns among producers as it also increases total yields.

The shift toward tangerine varieties producing larger fruit has been in response to customer needs. Robinson and Dancy tangerines tend to be smaller varieties. Overall, production of these two varieties has decreased by more than 60 percent from the 1995-96 season to the 1999-2000 season. Conversely, production of larger-sized varieties such as Sunburst and Fallglo has been increasing. In terms of total shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines, Sunburst represented almost 95 percent of combined shipments for the 1999-2000 season.

The preference for large sizes is also evident in the volume of small sizes shipped. From the 1995-96 season to the 1999-2000 season, shipments of size 210 fruit accounted for on average less than 1.3 percent of total Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerine shipments. Even during the 1998-99 season when sizes for all Florida citrus were unusually small, shipments of size 210 tangerines only accounted for 2.3 percent of total shipments of these three varieties.

The change in the minimum size was recommended to address this movement of customer demand and industry production toward larger sizes. Size continues to be a major influence on price. The Committee believes that the availability of small size 210 fruit has a negative affect on market price. In terms of price, a carton of size 210 (24/16 inch diameter) tangerines can be as much as $3 less than a carton of size 176 (26/16 inch) tangerines. For the 1999-2000 season, the average price for a carton of size 210 Dancy, Robinson, or Sunburst tangerines was $7.80. This compares to a weighted average price for all sizes of $11.26. The Committee believes increasing the minimum size better matches supply with demand and will lessen the price depressing affect of smaller sizes.

In addition, the seasons for these three varieties are short. The season for the Dancy tends to be three weeks long, five weeks for the Robinson, and 12 weeks for the Sunburst. With this short marketing window, it is of increased importance that only the best, most preferred fruit enters the market. The market has no time to recover from shipments of fruit that have a depressing effect on price. Also, on average, approximately 65 percent of the crop for these three varieties goes to the fresh market. With the on tree price for processing averaging less than $1.00, it is imperative that the fresh market be maintained.

The increase in the minimum size to 26/16 inches in diameter is not expected to significantly affect the total number of shipments. During the 1999-2000 season, of the approximate 3,821,000 4/5 bushel container shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines from Florida, only about 20,670 cartons were size 210. Therefore, the increase in the size requirement would only reduce shipments by around 0.5 percent. This change will also make the minimum size consistent for all tangerines, as the minimum size is already 26/16 inches for Fallglo and Honey tangerines.

Experience has shown that providing uniform quality and size acceptable to consumers helps stabilize the market, improve grower returns, and foster market growth. The increased minimum size matches size to market preferences, and is expected to benefit both producers and handlers of Florida tangerines. Increasing the minimum size is expected to further enhance consumer demand and encourage repeat purchases resulting in increased returns to producers. Therefore, based on available information, the Committee unanimously recommended that the minimum size for shipping Dancy, Robinson, or Sunburst tangerines to the domestic and export market be 26/16 inches in diameter.

Handlers in Florida shipped approximately 3,821,000 4/5 bushel cartons of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines to the fresh market during the 1999-2000 season. Of these cartons, about 150,000 were exported. In the past three seasons, domestic shipments of Florida Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines averaged about 3.5 million cartons.

Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this final regulatory flexibility analysis.

The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of business subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the Act, and rules issued thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf. Thus, both statutes have small entity orientation and compatibility.

There are approximately 55 tangerine handlers who are subject to regulation under the order, and approximately 11,000 growers of citrus in the regulated area. Small agricultural service firms, which include tangerine handlers, are defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) as those having annual receipts of less than $5,000,000, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of less than $500,000 (13 CFR 121.201).

Based on industry and Committee data for the 1999-2000 season, the average annual f.o.b. price for fresh tangerines was around $12.00 per 4/5 bushel carton, and total fresh shipments of Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines for the 1999-2000 season were 3,821,000 cartons. Approximately 25 percent of all handlers handled 70 percent of Florida tangerine shipments. In addition, many of these handlers ship other citrus fruit and products which are not included in Committee data but would contribute further to handler receipts. Using the average f.o.b. price, Start Printed Page 57540about 55 percent of tangerine handlers could be considered small businesses under SBA's definition. The majority of these handlers, and growers may be classified as small entities.

This rule increases the minimum size requirement for domestic and export shipments of tangerines to 26/16 inches in diameter for the Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst varieties. The current minimum size requirement for domestic shipments is 24/16 inches in diameter, and the minimum size for export shipments is 22/16 inches in diameter for Dancy tangerines and 24/16 for Robinson and Sunburst. Section 905.52 of the order, in part, authorizes the Committee to recommend minimum grade and size regulations to the Secretary. Section 905.306 (7 CFR part 905.306) specifies minimum grade and size requirements for different varieties of fresh Florida tangerines. Such requirements for domestic shipments are specified in § 905.306 in Table I of paragraph (a), and for export shipments in Table II of paragraph (b). This rule adjusts Table I and Table II to establish a minimum size of 26/16 inches in diameter for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst tangerines. This rule will help the Florida tangerine industry meet market and industry demands and should help increase returns to producers.

The costs associated with this rule are expected to be minimal. The increase in the minimum size is not expected to significantly affect the total number of tangerine shipments. Rather, the Committee believes this size increase will help improve the marketing of Florida tangerines. The direct cost related to this change would stem from the shipment volume of size 210 tangerines times price. In terms of last season, that would be approximately 20,670 cartons times the average price for size 210 tangerines, $7.80, for a possible cost of about $161,226.

However, the Committee believes that this action will help stabilize prices and increase shipments. This change was made to address the increasing demand for larger sizes. While there are some short-term costs associated with increasing the minimum size, the benefits are expected to outweigh the costs. If this regulation just succeeds in raising returns five cents a carton, it would more than cover its costs. In addition, this change should not require the purchase of any additional equipment. This action is consistent with current and anticipated demand. The opportunities and benefits of this rule are expected to be equally available to tangerine handlers and growers regardless of their size of operation.

The Committee considered one alternative to this action. The Committee discussed leaving the regulations as they were. However, this alternative was rejected based on the consideration of current demand for larger sizes and the possible negative impact on price resulting from maintaining the current minimum size.

This rule increases size requirements under the marketing order for Florida citrus. Accordingly, this action will not impose any additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large tangerine handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and public sector agencies.

As noted in the initial regulatory flexibility analysis, the Department has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap or conflict with this rule. However, tangerines must meet the requirements as specified in the U.S. Standards for Grades of Florida Tangerines (7 CFR 51.1810 through 51.1837) issued under the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621 through 1627).

In addition, the Committee's meeting was widely publicized throughout the Florida citrus industry and all interested persons were invited to attend the meeting and participate in Committee deliberations on all issues. Like all Committee meetings, the May 26, 2000, meeting was a public meeting and all entities, both large and small, were able to express their views on this issue.

A proposed rule concerning this action was published in the Federal Register on August 1, 2000 (65 FR 46879). Copies of the rule were mailed or sent via facsimile to all Committee members and Florida citrus handlers. Finally, the rule was made available through the Internet by the Office of the Federal Register. A 30-day comment period ending August 31, 2000, was provided to allow interested persons to respond to the proposal. No comments were received.

A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/​fv/​moab.html. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Jay Guerber at the previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

After consideration of all relevant matter presented, including the information and recommendation submitted by the Committee and other available information, it is hereby found that this rule, as hereinafter set forth, will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.

It is further found that good cause exists for not postponing the effective date of this rule until 30 days after publication in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 553). Tangerine shipments are expected to begin in September, and handlers are ready to comply with the increased size requirements of this rule, which were recommended at a public meeting of the Committee. Also, a 30-day comment period was provided for in the proposed rule, and no comments were received.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 905

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble,

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PART 905—ORANGES, GRAPEFRUIT, TANGERINES, AND TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601-674.

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2. In § 905.306, Table I in paragraph (a) and Table II in paragraph (b) are amended by revising the entries for Dancy, Robinson, and Sunburst under “Tangerines,” to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Orange, Grapefruit, Tangerine, and Tangelo Regulation.

(a) * * *

Start Printed Page 57541

Table II

VarietyRegulation periodMinimum gradeMinimum diameter (inches)
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Tangerines
Dancy,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Robinson,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
Sunburst,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
* * * * *

(b) * * *

Table II

VarietyRegulation periodMinimum gradeMinimum diameter (inches)
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Tangerines
Dancy,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Robinson,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
Sunburst,On and after September 26, 2000U.S. No. 12-6/16
* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: September 18, 2000.

Robert C. Keeney,

Deputy Administrator, Fruit and Vegetable Programs.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 00-24505 Filed 9-22-00; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-02-U