Minerals Management Service (MMS), Interior.
MMS is removing the special timing requirements for adjustments and audits of royalties on gas produced from Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota. If not removed, these timing requirements could force tribal and MMS auditors to expend additional time and money or postpone ongoing audits to meet the restricted time periods. Removing these timing restrictions should increase royalties collected for Indian leases in these States.
The effective date of this final rule is November 20, 2000.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
David S. Guzy, Chief, Rules and Publications Staff, Minerals Management Service, Royalty Management Program, P.O. Box 25165, MS 3021, Denver, CO 80225-0165; telephone (303) 231-3432; fax (303) 231-3385; or e-mail David.Guzy@mms.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The principal author of this final rule is Richard Adamski, Royalty Valuation Division, Royalty Management Program (RMP), MMS.
On August 10, 1999, MMS published a final rule titled “Amendments to Gas Valuation Regulations for Indian Leases,” (64 FR 43506) with an effective date of January 1, 2000. These regulations apply to all gas production from Indian (tribal or allotted) oil and gas leases (except leases on the Osage Indian Reservation). The new regulations resulted from a negotiated rulemaking among Indian tribes and allottees, the oil and gas industry, and MMS.
Among the newly adopted regulations was a provision at 30 CFR 206.174(l) requiring that for Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota, lessees must make adjustments to reported royalty values sooner, and MMS must complete its audits sooner, than either has done historically. This provision does not apply to Indian leases in other States.
The final rule limited the adjustment and audit period for Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota because, unlike most other producing regions, there are no acceptable published indexes applicable to that area (64 FR 43510). Accordingly, in areas such as Montana and North Dakota, valuation must be based on other criteria that are more difficult to determine than index prices.
After the final rule was promulgated, tribal auditors informed MMS that the special timing requirements at 30 CFR 206.174(l) could force tribal and MMS auditors to expend additional time and money or postpone ongoing audits in Montana and North Dakota to meet the restricted time periods. Moreover, MMS believes that the reason for only placing time limits on Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota is not compelling. Consequently, on June 15, 2000, MMS published a proposed rulemaking (65 FR 37504) to remove the requirements. The proposed rulemaking provided for a 30-day comment period that ended July 17, 2000.
II. Comments on Proposed Rule
During the comment period for the proposed rule, MMS received two written comments: one from an Indian tribe (tribe) and one from industry. After careful consideration of the comments, MMS has decided to issue this final rule removing the special timing requirements for adjustments and audits of royalties on gas produced from Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota. This amendment to the regulations will apply prospectively to gas produced on or after the effective date specified in the DATES section above.
The industry commenter opposed the removal of the time limitations. The commenter believes that industry received the earlier valuation certainty in return for agreeing to an increase in the major portion calculation percentage to the 75th percentile. The commenter suggested that if MMS removes the adjustment and audit time limits then MMS should also change the major portion calculation to reflect the historical major portion value at the 50th percentile. Start Printed Page 62613
The tribal commenter supported the proposed amendments. As stated previously, the final rule limited the adjustment and audit period for Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota because there are no acceptable published indexes applicable to that area. The tribal commenter believes that the lack of such an index means that the determination of value will take more time, not less time, in the audit process.
Response. MMS and tribal auditors must retain the discretion to allocate audit resources to obtain the best data when that data becomes available. MMS believes that even without absolute time limits, industry is still afforded the certainty of a binding major portion value and no late-payment interest on any underpayment until that major portion value is due. Indian members of the Indian Negotiated Rulemaking Committee were unanimous in their belief that the median pricing methodology based on the 50th percentile did not accurately reflect the intent of lease terms. In exercising its trust responsibility to Indian lessors, MMS will continue to calculate the major portion value at the 75th percentile established in the August 1999 final rule.
Comments on Specific Issues
MMS specifically sought comment on whether there is a valid reason for differentiating between leases located in other States and leases in Montana and North Dakota when they both may be required to use the same valuation standards.
The tribal commenter pointed out that under the provisions of the gas regulations that allow other tribes and allottees to opt out of the applicable indexes, no time limits for audits, adjustments, and collection are imposed. The commenter stated that the result is unfair and disparate treatment for the Montana and North Dakota tribes.
The industry commenter recognized that the Indian lessors in Montana and North Dakota are being treated differently from those groups under the index-based valuation. The commenter offered two solutions to remedy the situation:
- Apply the restricted time limits to all Indian lessors; or
- Calculate major portion at the 50th percentile.
Response. MMS concludes that there is no valid reason for differentiating between leases located in Montana and North Dakota and leases located in other States when they both may be required to use the same valuation standards. Further, we believe the suggestions proffered by the industry commenter are not in the best interests of Indian lessors and consistent with the Secretary's trust responsibilities.
MMS also sought comments on whether the time limits on adjustment and audit could have a negative revenue impact on royalties collected from gas produced from Indian lands in Montana and North Dakota.
The tribal commenter believes that the reduced time periods place a significant burden on tribes that conduct their own audit program. It may require tribes to put aside, postpone or abandon ongoing audits of earlier periods to meet the new deadlines. The reduced time period may affect tribes' abilities to do a comprehensive and thorough audit or possibly any audit at all within the shortened time period. The commenter is also concerned that MMS valuation resources may be stretched too thin. The above factors together may result in less revenues to Indian lessors located in Montana and North Dakota.
Response. MMS agrees that the timing restrictions could hinder MMS and tribal audit efforts.
The tribal commenter suggests that paragraphs (2), (3) and (4) of 30 CFR 206.174 be removed as they would no longer be necessary if paragraph (1) is removed.
Response. This comment is a misunderstanding caused by typographical errors in the June 15, 2000, proposed rule (65 FR 37504) which replaced the lowercase “L” with a numerical “1” in many parts of the text. MMS is removing 30 CFR 206.174(l) (i.e., lowercase “L”) which includes paragraphs (1)-(4). MMS corrected these typographical errors in the July 7, 2000, Federal Register (65 FR 42064).
III. Procedural Matters
1. Summary Cost and Benefit Data.
The objective of this rule is to remove the special timing requirements for adjustments and audits of royalties on gas produced from Indian leases in Montana and North Dakota. We have summarized below the estimated costs and benefits of this rule to the three affected groups: Indian lessors in Montana and North Dakota, industry, and the Federal Government. The cost and benefit information in this Item 1 of Procedural Matters is used as the basis for the departmental certifications in Items 3-10.
A. Indian Lessors in Montana and North Dakota
We estimate that in 1997, through audits, MMS identified and collected unpaid revenues amounting to 2 percent of the total royalties paid for gas production on certain Indian leases located in Montana.
In 1999, payors submitted about $420,000 in royalties from gas produced from Indian leases in Montana and $49,000 in royalties from gas produced from Indian leases in North Dakota. Using 2 percent to calculate the additional audit revenues that may be expected for the 1999 sales year, MMS should collect an additional $8,400 from leases in Montana and $980 from leases in North Dakota. We conclude that if audits cannot be completed within one year of the royalty line adjustments timeframes, Indian lessors could potentially lose these uncollected revenues, plus applicable late payment interest, annually.
This rule will impose no new reporting burdens on industry. Industry will benefit from the final rule by being able to make adjustments to royalty lines beyond the current 1-year period. However, industry will pay an undetermined amount of additional interest on any underpayments discovered during audits that take longer than 1 year to complete.
Small Business Issues. Approximately 17 entities in Montana and 5 in North Dakota—most of which are small businesses because they employ 500 or less employees—pay royalties to MMS on gas produced from Indian leases. As discussed in A. above, these 22 entities collectively will pay less than $10,000 in uncollected royalties annually as a result of an extended adjustment and audit period. The average estimated impact would be $426 in uncollected royalties affecting about 4 percent of the small businesses reporting gas royalties for Indian leases. This rule benefits small tribes that would otherwise have to hire additional audit staff to handle the burden of performing both past and present audits concurrently. From this information, we conclude that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
C. Federal Government
Removing the time limits on audit will help to ensure that Indian mineral lessors receive the maximum revenues from mineral resources on their land consistent with the Secretary's trust responsibility and lease terms.
D. Summary of Costs and Benefits to Affected Groups Start Printed Page 62614
|Description (See corresponding narrative above)||<Cost>/Benefit Amount|
|First Year||Subsequent Years|
|Indian Lessors in Montana and North Dakota||$9,380 plus interest||$9,380 plus interest|
|Industry||<$9,380 plus interest>||<$9,380 plus interest>|
2. Regulatory Planning and Review (E.O. 12866)
This document is not a significant rule and is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866.
(1) This rule will not have an effect of $100 million or more on the economy. It will not adversely affect in a material way the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities.
(2) This rule will not create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency.
(3) This rule will not alter the budgetary effects or entitlements, grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights or obligations of their recipients.
(4) This rule does not raise novel legal or policy issues.
3. The Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Department of the Interior certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). See Small Business Issues in Item 1.B. above.
Your comments are important. The Small Business and Agricultural Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and 10 Regional Fairness Boards were established to receive comments from small businesses about Federal agency enforcement actions. The Ombudsman will annually evaluate the enforcement activities and rate each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on the enforcement actions in this rule, call 1-888-734-3247.
4. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act (SBREFA)
This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule:
a. Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more.
b. Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or geographic regions.
c. Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises.
5. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
This rule will not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector of more than $100 million per year. The rule will not have a significant or unique effect on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.
6. Takings (E.O. 12630)
Under Executive Order 12630, this proposed rule does not have significant takings implications. This rule does not impose conditions or limitations on the use of any private property; consequently, a takings implication assessment is not required.
7. Federalism (E.O. 13132)
Under Executive Order 13132, this proposed rule does not have Federalism implications. This rule does not substantially or directly affect the relationship between Federal and State governments or impose costs on States or localities.
8. Civil Justice Reform (E. O. 12988)
Under Executive Order 12988, the Office of the Solicitor has determined that this proposed rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and does meet the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of the Order.
9. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
This rule does not contain an information collection, as defined by the Paperwork Reduction Act, and the submission of Office of Management and Budget Form 83-I is not required.
10. National Environmental Policy Act
This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. A detailed statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 is not required.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 30 CFR 206
- Continental shelf
- Geothermal energy
- Government contracts
- Mineral royalties
- Natural gas
- Public lands—mineral resources
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: October 10, 2000.
Sylvia V. Baca,
Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management.
For reasons stated in the preamble, MMS amends part 206 as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 206—PRODUCT VALUATIONEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 206 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
2. In § 206.174, remove paragraph (l).End Amendment Part End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. 00-26932 Filed 10-18-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-MR-P