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Rule

Traineeships

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

National Institutes of Health, HHS.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is amending the regulations governing traineeships to add conditions under which NIH may terminate traineeship awards and revise the authorities for the awards.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This final rule is effective on December 6, 2000.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jerry Moore, NIH Regulations Officer, Start Printed Page 66512National Institutes of Health, 6011 Executive Boulevard, Room 601, MSC 7669, Rockville, MD 20852; telephone 301-496-4607 (not a toll-free number; Fax 301-402-0169; or E-mail (jm40z@nih.gov)). For information about traineeship awards contact James Alexander, Acting Director, Office of Education, Office of Intramural Research, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 1C-129, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1158, Bethesda, MD 20892-1158; telephone 301-496-2427 (not a toll-free number).

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Section 405(b)(1)(C) of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act, as amended, authorizes the Secretary, acting through the directors of the national research institutes of NIH, to conduct and support research training for which fellowship support is not provided under section 487 of the PHS Act, and which is not residency training of physicians or other health professionals. The Director, NIH, has similar authority under section 402(b)(13) of the PHS Act. Additionally, section 485D(a) of the PHS Act authorizes the Director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine to support research training; section 472 of the PHS Act authorizes the award of traineeships in medical library science and related fields; and section 413(b)(3) of the PHS Act authorizes the Director of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in carrying out the National Cancer Program, to support appropriate programs of education and training (including continuing education and laboratory and clinical research training). Unlike the NIH authority set forth in section 405(b)(1)(C) of the PHS Act, the NCI authority does not exclude residency training. Under these authorities, NIH awards research traineeships to qualified individuals. The regulations codified at 42 CFR part 63 govern these traineeships. NIH revised the regulations in their entirety, February 27, 1995 (60 FR 10718).

NIH proposed amendments to Part 63 in a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) published in the Federal Register, October 30, 1998 (63 FR 58336). The NPRM provided for a 60-day comment period. The comment period expired December 29, 1998. NIH received no comments. Consequently, except for minor clarifying and editorial changes, the final regulations described below are the same as those proposed in October 1998.

In these final regulations, NIH is revising § 63.9 by amending paragraph (b) to add scientific misconduct as a ground for termination and by adding new paragraphs (c) and (d), which add conviction of a felony and certain other criminal offenses and programmatic changes or lack of funds, respectively, as grounds for termination.

Additionally, NIH is amending the authority citation by adding a reference to section 413(b)(3) of the PHS Act pertaining to the National Cancer Program that was inadvertently excluded from the proposed rule and removing the reference to section 485B(b) of the PHS Act and the parallel U.S. Code citation to reflect the renaming of the National Center for Human Genome Research as the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), effective January 27, 1997 (62 FR 3900). As a result of the establishment of this new research institute, the current reference to section 485B is redundant and unnecessary. The current references to the National Center for Human Genome Research and section 485B of the PHS Act in § 63.1 and § 63.2 are also redundant and unnecessary as a result of the renaming. Consequently, NIH is removing the references to the National Center for Human Genome Research and section 485B of the PHS Act in paragraph (a) of § 63.1 and in the definitions set forth in § 63.2 of the terms “award,” “awardee,” “director,” and “traineeship.” Also NIH is adding to § 63.2 the definition of “misconduct in science,” as set forth in the PHS regulations governing the responsibility of awardees and applicants for dealing with misconduct in science, 42 CFR part 50, subpart A.

Finally, NIH is revising the references set forth in unnumbered paragraphs 8, 9, and 10 of § 63.10 to comply with Federal Register format requirements.

NIH provides the following statements as public information.

Executive Order 12866

The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) reviewed this rule as required under Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review. The OMB deemed it to be not significant, as defined under the Order.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) requires that regulatory actions be analyzed to determine whether they will have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The Director, NIH, certifies that the changes in the traineeship regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities and, therefore, a regulatory flexibility analysis, as defined under the Regulatory Flexibility Act, is not required.

Executive Order 13132

Executive Order 13132, Federalism, requires that Federal agencies consult with State and local government officials in the development of regulatory policies with federalism implications. We reviewed the rule as required under the Order and determined that it does not have any federalism implications. The Director, NIH, certifies that the changes in the traineeships regulations will not have an effect on the States or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This rule does not contain any information collection requirements that are subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 35).

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) numbered program affected by this rule is: 93.140—Intramural Research Training Award.

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List of Subjects in 42 CFR Part 63

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Dated: August 3, 2000.

Ruth L. Kirschstein,

Principal Deputy Director, National Institutes of Health.

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Accordingly, part 63 of title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as set forth below.

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PART 63—TRAINEESHIPS

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1. The authority citation for part 63 is revised to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 216, 282(b)(13), 284(b)(1)(C), 285a-2(b)(3), 286b-3, 287c-21(a).

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2. Section 63.1 is revised to read as follows:

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To what programs do these regulations apply?

(a) The regulations in this part apply to research traineeships awarded by the Director, NIH, each director of a national research institute of NIH, the Director of the National Library of Medicine, and the Director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, or their designees, pursuant to sections 402(b)(13), 405(b)(1)(C), 413(b)(3), 472, and 485(D)(a) of the Act, respectively. Start Printed Page 66513

(b) The regulations of this part do not apply to research training under the National Research Service Award Program governed by 42 CFR part 66 or to the Mental Health Traineeship Program governed by 42 CFR part 64a.

(c) Except as otherwise permitted under section 413(b)(3) of the Act, the regulations of this part do not apply to residency training of physicians or other health professionals.

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3. Section 63.2 is amended by revising the definitions of “Award,” “Awardee,” “Director,” and “Traineeship,” and adding in alphabetical order a new definition of “Misconduct in science,” to read as follows:

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Definitions.
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Award means an award of funds under sections 402(b)(13), 405(b)(1)(C), 413(b)(3), 472, 485D(a), or other sections of the Act which authorize research training or traineeships.

Awardee means an individual awarded a traineeship under sections 402(b)(13), 405(b)(1)(C), 413(b)(3), 472, 485D(a), or other sections of the Act which authorize research training or traineeships.

Director means the Director, NIH, the director of a national research institute of NIH, the Director of the National Library of Medicine, and the Director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, or any official of NIH to whom the authority involved has been delegated.

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Misconduct in science shall have the same meaning as prescribed in § 50.102 of this chapter.

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Traineeship means an award under the regulations of this part to a qualified individual for that person's subsistence and other expenses during the period that person is participating in the research training approved under the award.

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4. Section 63.9 is revised to read as follows:

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How may NIH terminate awards?

The Director may terminate a traineeship at any time:

(a) Upon written request of the awardee; or

(b) If it is determined that the awardee has committed misconduct in science, is ineligible, or has materially failed to comply with the terms and conditions of the award or to carry out the purpose for which the award was made; or

(c) If the awardee is convicted of a felony, or an offense involving any illegal drug or substance, or any offense involving a lack of financial integrity or business honesty; or

(d) Because of programmatic changes or lack of funds.

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5. Section 63.10 is amended by removing the last three entries in the list of policies and regulations and adding three new entries in their place to read as follows:

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Other HHS regulations and policies that apply.
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59 FR 14508 (March 28, 1994)—NIH Guidelines on the Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research. (Note: Interested persons should contact the Office of Research on Women's Health, NIH, Room 201, Building 1, MSC 0161, Bethesda, MD 20892-0161; telephone 301-402-1770 (not a toll-free number) to obtain copies of this policy.)

59 FR 34496 (July 5, 1994)—NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules. (Note: Interested persons should contact the Office of Biotechnology Activities, NIH, Suite 323, 6000 Executive Boulevard, MSC 7010, Bethesda, MD 20892-7010; telephone 301-496-9838 (not a toll-free number) to obtain copies of the policy.)

“Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” (Revised September 1986), Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, NIH. (Note: Interested persons should contact the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, NIH, Rockledge Building I, 6705 Rockledge Drive, Suite 1050, MSC 7982, Bethesda, MD 20892-7982; telephone 301-496-7163 (not a toll-free number) to obtain copies of the policy.)

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[FR Doc. 00-28341 Filed 11-3-00; 8:45 am]

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