National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT.
This document amends NHTSA's regulations on civil penalties and registered importers to reflect related amendments to 49 U.S.C. 30165(a) and 30120(g)(1) made by sections of the Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act, signed by the president on November 1, 2000. Under these amendments, the civil penalty for a single violation of 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301—Motor Vehicle Safety is increased from $1,100 to $5,000, and the maximum civil penalty for a related series of violations is increased from $925,000 to $15,000,000. Start Printed Page 68109However, if 49 U.S.C. 30166 (inspections, investigations, and records) or a regulation thereunder has been violated, the maximum penalty is $5,000 per violation per day, and the maximum penalty for a related series of daily violations is $15,000,000.
In addition, the TREAD Act extends from 8 to 10 years the period for which a manufacturer must remedy without charge a noncompliance or safety-related defect. This also requires conforming amendments to the remedial obligations of Registered Importers.
Effective date: November 1, 2000.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Taylor Vinson, Office of Chief Counsel, NHTSA, telephone (202) 366-5263, facsimile (202) 366-3820, electronic mail “TVinson@nhtsa.dot.gov”, 400 Seventh Street, SW, Washington, DC 20590.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
49 CFR Part 578 Civil Penalties is NHTSA's regulation setting forth the civil penalties authorized by each of the statutes that the agency enforces. It reflects adjustments to penalties in statutes that NHTSA administers, pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalty Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101-410), as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-134). The principal motor vehicle safety statute is 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301—Motor Vehicle Safety. The civil penalties that are have been adopted for each violation of Chapter 301, or a regulation promulgated under its authority, are a minimum of $1,100 for each violation, and a maximum of $925,000 for a related series of violations (49 CFR 578.6(a)). Penalties for violations of Chapter 301 are authorized by 49 U.S.C. 30165(a).
On November 1, 2000, the Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act was signed into law (PL 106-414). Section 5(a) of the TREAD Act amends Section 30165 to establish a new Section 30165(a)(1), which increases the maximum penalty to $5,000 for each violation and the maximum penalty to $15,000,000 for a related series of violations. These penalties are effective as of the date of enactment of the amendment. We are publishing a conforming amendment to 49 CFR 578.6(a) to reflect the statutory increase in these penalties. This amendment will redesignate Section 578.6(a) as 578.6(a)(1) in order to accommodate the separate civil penalty the TREAD Act establishes for violations of Section 30166.
Heretofore, Section 30165(a) has authorized the same penalties for violations of Section 30166 relating to investigations, inspections, and records, as for violations of other sections of Chapter 301. This has also been reflected in 49 CFR 578.6(a). However, Section 5(a)(2) of the TREAD Act amends Section 30165(a) to add a new section (a)(2), Section 30166. The new section provides that any person who violates Section 30166 or any regulation issued thereunder is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty for failing or refusing to allow or perform an act required under that section or regulation. The maximum penalty for such violation has been set at $5,000 per violation per day. The maximum penalty for a related series of daily violations is $15,000,000. We are therefore amending Section 578.6(a) to add a new section (a)(2) implementing Section 5(a)(2) of the TREAD Act. These penalties apply as of the date of enactment to obligations existing under Section 30166 that were unchanged by the TREAD Act. They also apply to violations of new Sections added by TREAD. For example, this includes Reporting of Defects in Motor Vehicles and Products in Foreign Countries under 30166(l). They will also apply to violations of new rules to be published under TREAD such as Early Warning Reporting Requirements (30166(m)) Sale or Lease of Defective or Noncompliant Tire (30166(n)) upon promulgation of those regulations.
Subsection (1) of section 4, Remedies Without Charge, of the TREAD Act amends 49 U.S.C. 30120(g)(1) by increasing from 8 to 10 calendar years the period for which the manufacturer of a motor vehicle or an item of motor vehicle equipment other than a tire must provide a remedy without charge of a noncompliance or safety-related defect. This requires a corresponding change in 49 CFR Part 592, Registered Importers of Vehicles Not Originally Manufactured to Conform to the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. Sec. 592.6(g)(2)(i) relieves a Registered Importer (RI) of the obligation to furnish a remedy without charge of a noncompliance or safety-related defect in a vehicle if the vehicle's first sale occurred more than 8 calendar years before the date of notification by the RI. Remedy without charge is also not required if notification is provided by the original manufacturer and the date of first purchase of the vehicle is more than 8 years from the date of notification. We are amending these provisions to change 8 years to 10 years in accordance with Sec. 4(1) of the TREAD Act. The statutory amendment also has the effect of requiring RIs to ensure that the service insurance policies provided with each vehicle cover a 10-year period.
The amendments restate statutory terms that in effect modified certain regulations; the amendments became effective on November 1, 2000. Therefore, no prior notice and opportunity to comment are required. The penalties apply to violations of 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301 occurring on and after the effective date of the statutory amendment.
Rulemaking Analyses and Notices
Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures
We have considered the impact of this rulemaking action under E.O. 12866 and the Department of Transportation's regulatory policies and procedures. This rulemaking document was not reviewed under E.O. 12866, “Regulatory Planning and Review.” This action is limited to the restatement of statutory terms that increased civil penalties for violations of 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301 and extended the period of remedy without charge. It has been determined to be not “significant” under the Department of Transportation's regulatory policies and procedures.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
We have also considered the impacts of this notice under the Regulatory Flexibility Act. I certify that this rule will have no significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The following is my statement providing the factual basis for the certification (5 U.S.C. Sec. 605(b)). The restatement of statutory terms primarily affect manufacturers and Registered Importers of motor vehicles. Manufacturers of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment, and Registered Importers, are generally not small businesses within the meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
Further, small organizations and governmental jurisdictions will not be significantly affected as the price of motor vehicles ought not to change as the result of this rule. As explained above, this action is limited to restating statutory terms in our regulations.
Finally, this action will not affect our civil penalty policy under the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (62 FR 37115, July 10, 1997). We shall continue to consider the appropriateness of the penalty to the size of the business charged. Start Printed Page 68110
Paperwork Reduction Act
In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-511), we state that there are no requirements for information collection associated with this rulemaking action.
National Environmental Policy Act
We have also analyzed this rulemaking action under the National Environmental Policy Act and determined that it has no significant impact on the human environment.
Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)
Executive Order 13132 on “Federalism” requires us to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input” by State and local officials in the development of “regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” The E.O. defines this phrase to include regulations “that have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.” This final rule, which increases permissible civil penalties and the length of the period for which remedy must be provided without charge, will not have substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in E.O. 13132.
Civil Justice Reform
This rule does not have a retroactive or preemptive effect. Judicial review of the rule may be obtained pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 702. That section does not require that a petition for reconsideration be filed prior to seeking judicial review.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (P.L. 104-4) requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the cost, benefits and other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of more than $100 million annually. Because this rule will not have a $100 million effect, no Unfunded Mandates assessment will be prepared.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 49 CFR Parts 578 and 592End List of Subjects
Accordingly, 49 CFR chapter V is amended as follows:Start Part
PART 578—CIVIL PENALTIESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 578.6 is amended by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a)(1) Motor vehicle safety. A person who violates any of sections 30112, 30115, 30117 through 30122, 30123(d), 30125(c), 30127, or 30141 through 30147 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed under any of those sections is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $5,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs for each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment and for each failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by any of those sections. The maximum civil penalty under this paragraph for a related series of violations is $15,000,000.
(2) Section 30166. A person who violates section 30166 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed under that section is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty for failing or refusing to allow or perform an act required under that section or regulation. The maximum penalty under this paragraph is $5,000 per violation per day. The maximum penalty under this paragraph for a related series of daily violations is $15,000,000.
PART 592—REGISTERED IMPORTERS OF VEHICLES NOT ORIGINALLY MANUFACTURED TO CONFORM TO THE FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDSStart Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part
2. InEnd Amendment Part Start Signature
Issued on: November 8, 2000.
[FR Doc. 00-29033 Filed 11-13-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P