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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Massachusetts; Enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

EPA is approving a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. This revision establishes and requires an enhanced inspection and maintenance program in Massachusetts. The intended effect of this action is to provide limited approval of the inspection and maintenance program which has been operating in Massachusetts since October 1, 1999. This action is being taken in accordance with the Clean Air Act.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This rule will become effective on December 15, 2000.

ADDRESSES:

Copies of the documents relevant to this action are available for public inspection during normal business hours, by appointment at the Office of Ecosystem Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-New England, One Congress Street, 11th floor, Boston, MA; Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Room M-1500, 401 M Street, (Mail Code 6102), SW., Washington, DC; and Division of Air Quality Control, Department of Environmental Protection, One Winter Street, 8th Floor, Boston, MA 02108.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Peter X. Hagerty, (617) 918-1049.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On September 27, 1999 (64 FR 51937), and on November 30, 1999 (64 FR 66829), EPA published Notices of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The NPRs proposed approval of an enhanced inspection and maintenance (I/M) program once the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) submitted supplemental documentation. Massachusetts submitted the formal SIP revision on May 14, 1999.

The September 27, 1999, proposed rulemaking notice stated that prior to final action, Massachusetts must submit certain items which had not yet been supplied by the program contractor. These items included requirements specified in the following sections of the EPA I/M Rule: Network Type and Program Evaluation—40 CFR 51.353, Test Procedures and Standards—40 CFR 51.357, Test Equipment—40 CFR 51.358, Quality Control—40 CFR 51.359, Quality Assurance—40 CFR 51.363, and On-road Testing—40 CFR 51.371. The November 30, 1999 supplemental notice indicated that Massachusetts could not claim full I/M 240 credit for the Massachusetts I/M program, but EPA believed the program would achieve at least low enhanced program credit, therefore proposed approval was still appropriate.

In response to the September 27, 1999, Federal Register document, Massachusetts made the following submissions: Test Procedures and Equipment Specifications on February 1, 2000, and Acceptance Test Protocol on March 15, 2000. These submittals were designed to better define the information required in Test Procedures and Standards—40 CFR 51.357, and Test Equipment—40 CFR 51.358. With these two submissions the Massachusetts I/M SIP now meets the requirements of these two sections of the EPA rule. On March 15, 2000 Massachusetts also submitted Overt Audit Software Specifications which addresses part of the requirements for Quality Assurance, 40 CFR 51.363. On July 14, 2000, Massachusetts submitted a Draft Quality Assurance and Quality Control Plan. In a letter dated August 8, 2000 EPA provided minor comments on this plan.

The following sections still require additional information to meet the requirements of the I/M rule: Network Type and Program Evaluation—40 CFR 51.353, Quality Control—40 CFR Part 51.359, Quality Assurance—40 CFR 51.363 and On-road Testing—40 CFR 51.371. These requirements were explained in the NPR and will not be restated here. In response to the Supplementary Proposed Rule Start Printed Page 68899published in the Federal Register on November 30, 1999, EPA and the DEP have had extensive discussions concerning a comparison testing program between EPA's IM240 test and the Massachusetts I/M test. A testing program has been designed and will soon be started. DEP will provide EPA with copies of the work orders to initiate this program once they have been issued. The results of this program will enable EPA to assign appropriate emission reduction credit for the Massachusetts I/M program.

Massachusetts has been successfully operating a transient testing program with a 31 second test and NYTEST equipment, which is expected to provide high emitter identification rates which are close to the rates provided by IM240 testing. This expectation is based on testing of the NYTEST equipment by New York and the 31 second test by Oregon. Although we cannot at this time assign appropriate program credit, this will be done once the comparison testing is completed.

Interim Credit— There is no data available at this time to assign appropriate emission reduction credit for the combination of test type and equipment that the Commonwealth is implementing. Nevertheless, even if one makes extremely conservative assumptions about the efficacy of the Massachusetts test, EPA's mobile modeling shows that the I/M program demonstrates at least compliance with low enhanced I/M program performance standard, and it therefore meets the requirement for this aspect of the program. Moreover, this conservative estimate of the performance standard still provides sufficient emission reduction credits to support the 15% and 9% rate of progress plans EPA is approving elsewhere in today's Federal Register. EPA's analysis of these conservative assumptions is available in a technical support document in the docket for the November 30, 1999 Federal Register Notice.

Other specific requirements of the I/M rule and the rationale for EPA's proposed action are explained in the NPR and will not be restated here. No public comments were received on the NPR.

Final Action

EPA is providing limited approval of the Massachusetts inspection and maintenance program as a revision designed to strengthen the Massachusetts SIP.

This action will make the I/M program an enforceable part of the Massachusetts SIP, but DEP must still supplement the program to get full approval and meet the I/M requirements of the Act. Edward Kunce, acting Commissioner of DEP submitted this plan revision on May 14, 1999 with subsequent submissions on February 1, 2000, and March 15, 2000, as a revision to the SIP. The Commonwealth must submit to EPA additional information on Network Type and Program Evaluation—40 CFR 51.353, On-road Testing—40 CFR 51.371 and a final QA/QC plan to meet the requirements of Quality Control—40 CFR 51.359, and Quality Assurance—40 CFR 51.363, prior to EPA giving full approval to the Massachusetts I/M SIP. EPA will then publish a subsequent final rulemaking notice in the Federal Register, when the State submits the needed information. This approval action will remain a part of the SIP until EPA takes final action fully approving or disapproving the revised I/M SIP submittal.

Massachusetts DEP Regulation 310 CMR 60.02 “Regulations for the Enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program” replaces completely the existing regulation 310 CMR 7.20 “Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Emission Analyzer Approval Process and Inspection Requirements and Procedures.” Regulation 310 CMR 7.20 will be removed from both the table identifying the SIP in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and from the files where EPA incorporates by reference Massachusetts rules into the SIP.

Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles Regulation 540 CMR 4.00 entitled “Periodic Annual Staggered Safety and Combined Safety and Emissions Inspection of All Motor Vehicles, Trailers, Semi-trailers and Converter Dollies” although part of the previous I/M program was not incorporated by reference and was not listed in Table 52.1167. This regulation which was revised for the enhanced I/M program and effective October 1, 1999 will be incorporated by reference and added to table 52.1167.

Nothing in this action should be construed as permitting or allowing or establishing a precedent for any future request for revision to any State implementation plan. Each request for revision to the State implementation plan shall be considered separately in light of specific technical, economic, and environmental factors and in relation to relevant statutory and regulatory requirements.

Administrative Requirements

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4). For the same reason, this rule also does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of tribal governments, as specified by Executive Order 13084 (63 FR 27655, May 10, 1998). This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), because it merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996), in issuing this rule, EPA has taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct. EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15, 1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in Start Printed Page 68900accordance with the “Attorney General's Supplemental Guidelines for the Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings” issued under the executive order. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. section 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by January 16, 2001. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

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Dated: September 20, 2000.

Mindy S. Lubber,

Regional Administrator, EPA-New England.

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Part 52 of chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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PART 52—[AMENDED]

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart W—Massachusetts

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2. Section 52.1120 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(122) to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
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(c) * * *

(122) Revisions to the State Implementation Plan submitted by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection on May 14, 1999, February 1, 2000 and March 15, 2000.

(i) Incorporation by reference.

(A) Regulation 310 CMR 60.02 entitled “Regulations for the Enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program” which became effective on October 1, 1999, and a September 17, 1999, Notice of Correction submitted by the Secretary of State indicating the effective date of the regulations.

(B) Sections 4.01, 4.02, 4.03, 4.04(1), (2), (3), (5), (15) 4.05(1), (2), (12)(d), (12)(e), (12)(o) 4.07, 4.08, and 4.09 of Regulation 540 CMR 4.00 entitled “Periodic Annual Staggered Safety and Combined Safety and Emissions Inspection of All Motor Vehicles, Trailers, Semi-trailers and Converter Dollies' which became effective on May 28, 1999.”

(ii) Additional materials.

(A) Letters from the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection dated May 14, 1999, February 1, 2000, and March 15, 2000, submitting a revision to the Massachusetts State Implementation Plan.

(B) Test Procedures and Equipment Specifications submitted on February 1, 2000.

(C) Acceptance Test Protocol submitted on March 15, 2000.

[Amended]
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3. Table 52.1167 is amended by removing Regulation 310 CMR 7.20 “Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Emission Analyzer Approval Process and Inspection Requirements and Procedures.”

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4. In § 52.1167 the Table 52.1167 is amended by adding new entries in numerical order for “310 CMR 60.02” and 540 CMR 4.00” to read as follows,

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EPA-approved Massachusetts State regulations.
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Table 52.1167.—EPA-Approved Rules and Regulations

State citationTitle/subjectDate submitted by StateDate approved by EPAFederal Register citation52.1120(c)Comments/unapproved sections
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310 CMR 60.02Regulations for the enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program5/14/9911/15/0065 FR 68900122Replaces requirements for I/M tests with enhanced I/M test requirements.
540 CMR 4.00Periodic Annual Staggered Safety and Emissions Inspection of Motor Vehicles5/13/9911/15/0065 FR 68900122Revises Requirements for Inspections and Enforcement of I/M Program
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[FR Doc. 00-29067 Filed 11-14-00; 8:45 am]

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