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Summer Food Service Program Implementation of Legislative Reforms

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Food and Nutrition Service, USDA.


Final rule, with technical amendments.


This rule makes final an interim rule published in the Federal Register on December 28, 1999. This final rule adopts the changes made to the Summer Food Service Program by the interim rule as mandated by three public laws—the Healthy Meals for Start Printed Page 82247Healthy Americans Act of 1994, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, and the William F. Goodling Child Nutrition Reauthorization Act of 1998. Program changes include easing restrictions on participation by private nonprofit organizations and food service management companies, streamlining rules for schools to encourage Program sponsorship, and reducing paperwork burdens for State agencies. In addition, this rule makes minor technical changes to conform meal pattern requirements to the standards used in the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, to correct errors in meal pattern charts and regional office addresses, and to conform application procedures to the Meal Benefit Form prototype. Finally, this rule restores and revises a paragraph that was inadvertently removed from program regulations by the interim rule.


December 28, 2000.

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Mr. Robert M. Eadie or Ms. Melissa Rothstein, 703-305-2620.

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I. Background and Discussion of the Final Rule

The Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) is authorized under section 13 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (NSLA) (42 U.S.C. 1761). Its primary purpose is to provide nutritious meals to children from low-income areas during periods when schools are closed for vacation.

In 1994, 1996, and 1998, substantive changes to the SFSP were made with the enactment of three public laws. Readers can find information about these laws and details on the corresponding changes we made to the SFSP regulations in the interim rule (64 FR 72474) that was published on December 28, 1999, in the Federal Register.

The 180-day comment period on the interim rule ended June 25, 2000. One comment was received on the interim rule. The commenter supported the changes made to the SFSP regulations by the interim rulemaking and suggested that we continue the process of reducing paperwork burdens and streamlining requirements. This commenter provided a number of recommendations that we may consider in a future rulemaking. The specific comments made, however, did not apply directly to the language in the interim rulemaking.

We want to emphasize that the interim rule primarily brought the SFSP regulations up to date with the statutory requirements. Since these changes were implemented by State agencies based on Department guidance in a timely fashion after the enactment of each public law, there were essentially no new policy proposals in the rule to engender comments.

Following is a chart that lists by program area the provisions contained in the December 28, 1999, interim rule; we also provide regulatory citations in the chart for the reader's convenience in locating the changes within the SFSP regulations at 7 CFR part 225.

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Restoring a State Agency Reporting Requirement

Since 1990, FNS has played a special role in monitoring the participation of PNOs in the SFSP. Section 13(p)(1) of the NSLA, which was added by Pub. L. 101-147, the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 1989, authorizes the Secretary to establish a system of compliance monitoring of PNOs. As mandated in section 13(p)(2), one half of one percent of each annual appropriation of the SFSP funds this monitoring system. FNS regional offices carry out this special monitoring effort by conducting reviews of PNOs in their States. In order to conduct these reviews, regional offices rely on receiving information on a timely basis from the State agencies about the PNOs that are approved each year to operate the Program. Because of the importance of these reviews, the SFSP regulations were amended on April 10, 1990, to require State agency submission of this information to FNS regional offices.

In the December 28, 1999 interim rule, paragraph (e) of § 225.8 which contained this submission requirement was mistakenly removed. This paragraph required State agencies to submit to their FNS regional office a list of potential PNO sponsors and their addresses by May 1st each year. For each potential PNO sponsor, State agencies were required to estimate the number of sites, locations, dates of operation per site, and daily attendance per site. This paragraph also referenced the need to gather and analyze information on PNOs that was required in § 225.6(a)(3). (The interim rule removed § 225.6(a)(3) because the statutory requirement addressed in this paragraph was eliminated by Pub. L. 105-336, the William F. Goodling Child Nutrition Reauthorization Act of 1998). Additionally, State agencies were required to supply additional information and to update previously estimated information about each approved PNO within 5 working days of the approval.

To eliminate the potential for confusion about FNS' need for this information, we are restoring this requirement in § 225.8 in this rulemaking. The new paragraph contains similar language to the old paragraph, with some exceptions. The new paragraph does not require the analysis of information collected in accordance with § 225.6(a)(3), since that analysis is no longer required. Similarly, we do not ask State agencies to report homeless sites, since sites are no longer categorized as specifically serving a homeless population.

Accordingly, a new paragraph (d) is added to § 225.8 to require State agency submission of a list of potential PNO sponsors by May 1st of each year. New paragraph (d) will also require State agencies to submit additional detailed information of PNO sponsors within 5 days of their approval to participate in the Program.


This rule corrects several errors in part 225. We are revising § 225.15(f)(4)(vii) to specify that the penalties notice should appear immediately above the signature block on the application for free meals. This is consistent with the Meal Benefit Form prototype (free and reduced price meal application) that FNS revised in spring 2000. Another correction is to the breakfast meal pattern chart found in § 225.16(d)(1). The minimum amount for cooked dry beans or peas under the meat and meat alternates component is shown as 1/2 cup. The correct amount should be 1/4 cup. The SFSP meal pattern charts were most recently updated in a final rule entitled “Modification of the “Vegetable Protein Products” Requirements for the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, Summer Food Service Program and Child and Adult Care Food Program,” which was published on March 9, 2000 (65 FR 12429). Lastly, we are correcting addresses for several FNS regional offices in various paragraphs of § 225.19.

II. Procedural Matters

Executive Order 12866

This final rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866, and therefore has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.

Public Law 104-4

Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), Pub. L. 104-4, requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their regulatory actions on State, local, and tribal governments and the private sector. Under section 202 of the UMRA, the Food and Nutrition Service generally must prepare a written statement, including a cost-benefit analysis, for proposed and final rules with Federal mandates that may result in expenditures to State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year. When such a statement is needed for a rule, section 205 of the UMRA generally requires the Food and Nutrition Service to identify and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives and adopt the least costly, more cost-effective or least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule.

This rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of Title II of the UMRA) for State, local and tribal governments or the private sector of $100 million or more in any one year. Thus, this rule is not subject to the requirements of sections 202 and 205 of the UMRA.

Executive Order 12372

The Summer Food Service Program is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. 10.559. For the reasons set forth in the final rule in 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V, and related notices (48 FR 29114 and 49 FR 2276), this program is included in the scope of Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

This final rule has been reviewed with regard to the requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (5 U.S.C. 601-612). Samuel Chambers, Jr., Administrator of the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), has certified that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Since the provisions contained in this rule were previously implemented, it will have no impact.

Executive Order 12988

This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule is intended to have preemptive effect with respect to any State or local laws, regulations or policies which conflict with its provisions or which would otherwise impede its full implementation. This rule is not intended to have retroactive effect unless so specified in the EFFECTIVE DATE section of the preamble of the rule. Prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule or the applications of its provisions, all applicable administrative procedures must be exhausted. This includes any administrative procedures available through State or local governments. SFSP administrative procedures are set forth at: (1) 7 CFR 225.13, which outlines appeals procedures for use by a sponsor or a food service management company; and (2) 7 CFR 225.17 and 7 CFR parts 3016 and 3019, which address administrative appeal procedures for disputes involving Start Printed Page 82251procurement by State agencies and sponsors.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This final rule contains information collection requirements in § 225.8(d) that have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2000 (control number 0584-0280) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507).

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 225

  • Food and Nutrition Service
  • Food assistance programs
  • Grant programs—health
  • Infants and children
  • Labeling
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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Accordingly, the interim rule amending 7 CFR part 225, which was published at 64 FR 72474 on December 28, 1999, is adopted as a final rule with the following changes:

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1. The authority citation for part 225 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: Secs. 9, 13, and 14, National School Lunch Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1758, 1761, and 1762a).

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2. In § 225.8, add new paragraph (d) to read as follows:

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Records and reports.
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(d)(1) By May 1 of each year, State agencies must submit to the appropriate FNSRO a list of potential private nonprofit organization sponsors. The list must include the following information for each applicant sponsor:

(i) Name and address;

(ii) Geographical area(s) proposed to be served;

(iii) Proposed number of sites; and

(iv) Any available details of each proposed site including address, dates of operation, and estimated daily attendance.

(2) State agencies must also notify the appropriate FNSRO within 5 working days after they approve each private nonprofit organization to participate as a SFSP sponsor. When State agencies notify the FNSRO of sponsor approval, they must provide the following information:

(i) Any changes to site locations, dates of operation, and estimated daily attendance that was previously provided;

(ii) The hours and type(s) of approved meal service at each site;

(iii) The type of site approval—open, restricted open, closed enrolled, or camp; and

(iv) Any other important details about each site that would help the FNSRO plan reviews, including whether the site is rural or urban, or vended or self-preparation.

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3. In 225.15, revise paragraph (f)(4)(vii) to read as follows:

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Management responsibilities of sponsors.
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(f) * * *

(4) * * *

(vii) A notice placed immediately above the signature block stating that the person signing the application certifies that all information provided is correct, that the household is applying for Federal benefits in the form of free Program meals, that Program officials may verify the information on the application, and that purposely providing untrue or misleading statements may result in prosecution under State or Federal criminal laws; and

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4. In § 225.16, revise the entry for “Cooked dry beans or peas” in the table under Meat and Meat Alternates (Optional) in paragraph (d)(1) to read as follows:

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Meal service requirements.
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(d) * * *

(1) * * *

Food componentsMinimum amount
*    *    *    *    *
Meat and Meat Alternates (Optional)
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Cooked dry beans or peas1/4 cup.
*    *    *    *    *
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5. In § 225.19, revise paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) and (g) to read as follows:

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Regional office addresses.
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(b) In the States of Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Virginia, Virgin Islands, and West Virginia: Mid-Atlantic Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Mercer Corporate Park, 300 Corporate Boulevard, Robbinsville, NJ 08691-1598.

(c) In the States of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee: Southeast Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 61 Forsyth Street, SW, Room 8T36, Atlanta, GA 30303-3415.

(d) In the States of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin: Midwest Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, 20th Floor, Chicago, IL 60604-3507.

(e) In the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas: Southwest Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1100 Commerce Street, Room 5-C-30, Dallas, TX 75242-9980.

(f) In the States of Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming: Mountain Plains Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1244 Speer Boulevard, Suite 903, Denver, CO 80204-3581.

(g) In the States of Alaska, American Samoa, Arizona, California, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Washington: Western Regional Office, FNS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 550 Kearney Street, Room 400, San Francisco, CA 94108-2518.

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Dated: December 21, 2000.

George A. Braley,

Acting Administrator.

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[FR Doc. 00-33095 Filed 12-27-00; 8:45 am]