Federal Communications Commission.
This document clarifies the Commission's rules with regard to an incumbent local exchange carrier's (LEC) obligation to provide line sharing in those instances in which the loop is serviced by a remote terminal, and seeks Start Printed Page 9059comment in a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on the technical and economic issues associated with implementing this requirement.
Comments are due February 27, 2001 and reply comments are due March 13, 2001.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jessica Rosenworcel, Attorney Advisor, Policy and Program Planning Division, Common Carrier Bureau, (202) 418-1580.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This is a summary of the Commission's Third Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 98-147, and the Commission's Sixth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 96-98, released January 19, 2001 and adopted January 19, 2001. The complete text of this document is available for inspection and copying during normal business hours in the FCC Reference Information Center, Courtyard Level, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC, and also may be purchased from the Commission's copy contractor, International Transcription Services (ITS, Inc.), CY—B400, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC. It is also available on the Commission's website at http://www.fcc.gov.
Synopsis of Reconsideration Order
1. The Commission adopts a Third Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in the Advanced Services proceeding, CC Docket No. 98-147, and a Sixth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in the Local Competition proceeding, CC Docket No. 96-98. The Commission requests comment on issues that have been raised with respect to line sharing where an incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop. The Commission clarifies that the requirement to provide line sharing applies to the entire loop, even where the incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop, e.g., where the loop is served by a remote terminal.
Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
4. As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), the Commission has prepared this present Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA) of the possible significant economic impact on small entities by the policies and rules proposed in the Third Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 98-147 and Sixth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 96-98 (Third Further Notice). Written public comments are requested on this IRFA. Comments must be identified as responses to the IRFA and must be filed by the deadlines for comments on the Third Further Notice, as described in paragraph 67. The Commission will send a copy of the Third Further Notice, including this IRFA, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration. In addition, the Third Further Notice and IRFA (or summaries thereof) will be published in the Federal Register.
5. This Third Further Notice continues our efforts to promote innovation, investment, and competition in the market for advanced services. We invite comment on whether we should amend our line sharing or unbundled network element rules to ensure that competitive local exchange carriers (LECs) are able to gain access to the high frequency portion of the loop for the provision of advanced services where an incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop on which it is providing voice service. Specifically, the Commission seeks comment on the technical and economic feasibility of different types of line sharing arrangements where an incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop.
6. The Third Further Notice is adopted pursuant to sections 1-4, 201, 202, 251-254, 256, 271, and 303(r) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 151-154, 201, 202, 251-254, 256, 271, and 303(r).
Description and Estimate of the Number of Small Entities Affected by This Third Further Notice
7. The RFA directs agencies to provide a description of and, where feasible, an estimate of the number of small entities that may be affected by the proposals in this Third Further NPRM, if adopted. In the IRFA to the Advanced Services Order and NPRM, we adopted the analysis and definitions set forth in determining the small entities affected by this Third Further Notice for purposes of this IRFA. The RFA generally defines “small entity” as having the same meaning as the term “small business,” “small organization,” and “small governmental jurisdiction.”  In addition, the term “small business” has the same meaning as the term “small business concern” under the Small Business Act, unless the Commission has developed one or more definitions that are appropriate to its activities. Under the Small Business Act, a “small business concern” is one that: (1) Is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and (3) meets any additional criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). We describe and estimate below the number of small telephone companies that may be affected by the proposals in the Third Further Notice, if adopted.
8. The most reliable source of information regarding the total numbers of common carrier and related providers nationwide, as well as the numbers of commercial wireless entities, appears to be data the Commission publishes annually in its Carrier Locator report, derived from filings made in connection with the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS). According to data in the most recent report, there are 4,144 interstate carriers. These carriers include, inter alia, LECs, wireline carriers and service providers, interexchange carriers, competitive access providers, operator services providers, pay telephone operators, providers of telephone toll service, providers of telephone exchange service, and resellers.
9. The SBA has defined establishments engaged in providing “Telephone Communications, Except Radiotelephone” to be small businesses when they have no more than 1,500 employees. We discuss below the total estimated number of telephone companies and small businesses in this category and then attempt to refine further those estimates.
10. We have included small incumbent LECs in this present RFA analysis. As noted above, a “small business” under the RFA is one that, inter alia, meets the pertinent small business size standard (e.g., a telephone communications business having 1,500 or fewer employees), and “is not dominant in its field of operation.”  The SBA's Office of Advocacy contends that, for RFA purposes, small incumbent LECs are not dominant in their field of operation because any such dominance is not “national” in scope. We have therefore included small incumbent LECs in this RFA analysis, although we Start Printed Page 9060emphasize that this RFA action has no effect on FCC analyses and determinations in other, non-RFA contexts.
11. Total number of telephone companies affected. The Census Bureau reports that, at the end of 1992, there were 3,497 firms engaged in providing telephone services, as defined therein, for at least one year. These firms include a variety of different categories of carriers, including LECs, interexchange carriers, competitive access providers, cellular carriers, mobile service carriers, operator service providers, pay telephone operators, PCS providers, covered SMR providers, and resellers. It seems certain that some of those 4,144 telephone service firms may not qualify as small entities or small incumbent LECs because they are not “independently owned and operated.”  For example, a PCS provider that is affiliated with an interexchange carrier having more the 1,500 employees would not meet the definition of a small business. It seems reasonable to conclude, therefore, that fewer than 4,144 telephone service firms are small entity telephone service firms or small incumbent LECs that may be affected by the decisions and rules proposed in this Third Further Notice.
12. Wireline carriers and service providers. SBA has developed a definition of small entities for telephone communications companies other than radiotelephone companies. The Census Bureau reports that, there were 2,321 such telephone companies in operation for at least one year at the end of 1992. According to SBA's definition, a small business telephone company other than a radiotelephone company is one employing no more than 1,500 persons. All but 26 of the 2,231 non-radiotelephone companies listed by the Census Bureau were reported to have fewer than 1,000 employees. Thus, even if all 26 of those companies had more than 1,500 employees, there would still be 2,205 non-radiotelephone companies that might qualify as small entities or small incumbent LECs. Although it seems certain that some of these carriers are not independently owned and operated, we are unable at this time to estimate with greater precision the number of wireline carriers and service providers that would qualify as small business concerns under SBA's definition. Consequently, we estimate that there are fewer than 2,205 small entity telephone communications companies other than radiotelephone companies that may be affected by the decisions and rules proposed in the Third Further Notice.
13. Local exchange carriers. The Commission has not developed a special size definition of small LECs or competitive LECs. The closest applicable definition for these types of carriers under SBA rules is, again, that used for telephone communications companies other than radiotelephone (wireless) companies. The most reliable source of information regarding the number of these carriers nationwide of which we are aware appears to be the data that we collect annually in connection with the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS). According to our most recent data, there are 1,348 incumbent LECs, 212 competitive LECs, and 442 resellers.
14. Although it seems certain that some of these carriers are not independently owned and operated, or have more than 1,500 employees, we are unable at this time to estimate with greater precision the number of these carriers that would qualify as small business concerns under SBA's definition. Consequently, we estimate that there are no more than 1,348 small entity incumbent LECs, 212 competitive LECs, and 442 resellers that may be affected by the proposals in this Third Further Notice.
Description of Projected Reporting, Record Keeping, and Other Compliance Requirements
15. In the Third Further Notice in CC Docket No. 98-147 and Sixth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 96-98, we invite comment on whether we should amend our line sharing or unbundled network element rules to ensure that competitive LECs are able to gain access to the high frequency portion of the loop for the provision of advanced services where an incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop on which it is providing voice service. Specifically, we seek comment on the ways in which competitive LECs can access the high frequency portion of the loop for line sharing where an incumbent LEC has deployed fiber in the loop. We also seek comment on the technical feasibility and practical considerations associated with different methods of providing such access. At a minimum, these methods include collocation of a competitor's digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) at the remote terminal, or alternatively, the use of “plug in” line cards in remote terminal equipment that perform a function similar to that of a traditional DSLAM. With regard to the feeder segment of the loop, there are alternatives for transmitting a competitor's data traffic between the remote terminal and the central office, such as the use of dark fiber or other feeder subloop offerings. Therefore, we also seek comment on all possible alternatives and technical feasibility issues associated with transmission of a competitive LEC's bit stream between the remote terminal and the central office.
16. If the Commission does not amend its rules, no additional compliance requirements are anticipated from further consideration of these issues. However, the Commission may amend or clarify its line sharing or unbundled network element rules to impose further obligations upon incumbent LECs to ensure competitive LEC access to the high frequency portion of the loop for the provision of advanced services. Depending upon the specific nature of any new obligations, small entities, including small incumbent LECs, may be subject to additional reporting, recordkeeping, and other compliance requirements. If further requirements are imposed, compliance with further requests for unbundled network elements may require the use of engineering, technical, operational, accounting, billing, and legal skills.
Steps Taken To Minimize Significant Economic Impact on Small Entities and Significant Alternatives Considered
17. The RFA requires an agency to describe any significant alternatives that it has considered in reaching its proposed approach, which may include the following four alternatives (among others): (1) The establishment of differing compliance or reporting requirements or timetables that take into account the resources available to small entities; (2) the clarification, consolidation, or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements under the rule for small entities; (3) the use of performance, rather than design, standards; and (4) an exemption from Start Printed Page 9061coverage of the rule, or any part thereof, for small entities.
18. In the Third Further Notice, we seek to develop a record sufficient to adequately address issues related to developing long-term policies for ensuring that competitive carriers have access to unbundled network elements as changes are made to traditional telephone networks. In addressing these issues, we seek to ensure that competing providers, including small entity carriers, obtain access to inputs necessary to the provision voice and advanced telecommunications services. We believe that the issues on which we invite comment could impose minimal burdens on small entities, including both telecommunications carriers that request unbundled network elements and the incumbent LECs that, under section 251 of the Communications Act, must provide unbundled network elements to requesting carriers. As indicated above, both groups of carriers include entities that, for purposes of this IRFA, are classified as small entities. In framing the issues in this Third Further Notice, we have sought to develop a record on the potential impact our proposed rules could have upon small entities. We thus ask that commenters propose measures to avoid significant economic impact on small business entities.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 51
- Communications common carriers
Federal Communications Commission.
Magalie Roman Salas,
3. See id.Back to Citation
7. 15 U.S.C. 632; see, e.g., Brown Transport Truckload, Inc. v. Southern Wipers, Inc., 176 B.R. 82 (N.D. Ga. 1994).Back to Citation
8. FCC, Carrier Locator: Interstate Service Providers, Figure 1 (Jan. 2000) (Carrier Locator).Back to Citation
9. Id.Back to Citation
10. 13 CFR 121.201, SIC Codes 4812 and 4813. See Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1987).Back to Citation
12. Letter from Jere W. Glover, Chief Counsel for Advocacy, SBA, to William E. Kennard, Chairman, FCC (filed May 27, 1999) (SBA May 27, 1999 Letter).Back to Citation
13. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1992 Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities: Establishment and Firm Size 1-123 (1995) (1992 Census).Back to Citation
15. 1992 Census at Firm Size 1-123.Back to Citation
17. Id. at SIC Code 4813.Back to Citation
19. The total for competitive LECs includes both competitive LECs and competitive access providers.Back to Citation
20. Carrier Locator at Fig. 1. The total for resellers includes both toll resellers and local resellers.Back to Citation
21. This TRS category also includes competitive access providers.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-2916 Filed 2-5-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6712-01-U