Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Inc. (CCNPPI or the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License No. DPR-69, which authorizes operation of Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Unit 2 (CCNPP2). The license provides, among other things, that the facility is subject to all rules, regulations, and orders of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC, the Commission) now or hereafter in effect.
The facility consists of a pressurized-water reactor located in Calvert County in Maryland.
Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR), Part 50, Section 50.46 and Appendix K identify requirements for calculating emergency core cooling system (ECCS) performance for reactors containing fuel with zircaloy or ZIRLO cladding, and 10 CFR 50.44 relates, in part, to the generation of hydrogen gas from a metal-water reaction between the reactor coolant and reactor fuel having zircaloy or ZIRLO cladding.
The licensee has requested a temporary exemption to 10 CFR 50.44, 10 CFR 50.46, and Appendix K that would enable CCNPP2 to operate in Cycle 14 with a core containing a lead fuel (test) assembly (LFA) including fuel rods with advanced zirconium alloy cladding.
Pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12, the Commission may, upon application by any interested person or upon its own initiative, grant exemptions from the requirements of 10 CFR part 50, when (1) the exemptions are authorized by law, will not present an undue risk to public health or safety, and are consistent with the common defense and security; and (2) when special circumstances are present. Under § 50.12(a)(2), special circumstances include, among other things, when application of the regulation in the particular circumstance would not serve, or is not necessary to achieve, the underlying purpose of the rule.
The underlying purpose of 10 CFR 50.46, and 10 CFR part 50, appendix K is to establish requirements for the calculation of ECCS performance and Start Printed Page 14940acceptance criteria for that performance in order to assure that the ECCS functions to transfer heat from the reactor core following a loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) such that (1) fuel and clad damage that could interfere with continued effective core cooling is prevented, and (2) clad metal-water reaction is limited to negligible amounts. The licensee has performed a calculation demonstrating adequate ECCS performance for CCNPP2 and has shown that use of the lead fuel assembly does not have a significant impact on that previous calculation. The lead fuel assembly, with the zirconium-based alloy cladding, meets the same design basis as the Zircaloy-4 fuel which is currently in the CCNPP2 reactor core and has similar thermal-hydraulic characteristics. Because the LFA will be placed in a non-limiting location (Technical Specification 4.2.1 limits placement of the LFA to a non-limiting location in the core), the placement scheme and the similarity of the advanced alloys to Zircaloy-4 will assure that the behavior of the fuel rods clad with these alloys are bounded by the fuel performance and safety analyses performed for the Zircaloy-4 clad rods currently in the Unit 2 core. No safety limits will be changed or setpoints altered as a result of using the lead fuel assembly.
In similar reviews of applications to use advanced fuel, the staff found that fuels with advanced cladding do not introduce a mixed core penalty in licensing safety analyses, provided that the resident fuel and the LFA were of like geometry. The LFA and fuel currently in use at CCNPP2 are of like geometry. Therefore, the staff concludes that use of the LFA will not introduce a mixed core penalty into the safety analyses for CCNPP2.
The underlying purpose of 10 CFR 50.44 is to ensure that means are provided for the control of hydrogen gas that may be generated following a postulated LOCA. The small number of fuel rods in the lead fuel assembly containing advanced zirconium-based claddings in conjunction with the chemical similarity of the advanced claddings to zircaloy and ZIRLO ensures that previous calculations of hydrogen production resulting from a metal-water reaction would not be significantly changed. The licensee calculated the metal-water reaction rate for the advanced zirconium-based cladding material and determined that the amount of hydrogen generated will be within the design basis. As such, the licensee has achieved the underlying purpose of 10 CFR 50.44.
The staff examined the licensee's rationale to support the exemption request and concurred that the use of an LFA in the Unit 2 core for Cycle 14 would meet the underlying purpose of 10 CFR 50.44, 10 CFR 50.46, and 10 CFR part 50, appendix K. Application of these regulations in these circumstances would not serve the underlying purpose of the rule.
Therefore, the staff concludes that granting an exemption under the special circumstances of 10 CFR 50.12(a)(2)(ii) is appropriate and that an LFA containing fuel rods with advanced zirconium alloy cladding may be used in CCNPP Unit 2, Cycle 14.
Accordingly, the Commission has determined that, pursuant to 10 CFR 50.12(a), the exemption is authorized by law, will not endanger life or property or common defense and security, and is, otherwise, in the public interest. Also, special circumstances are present. Therefore, the Commission hereby grants CCNPPI an exemption from the requirements of 10 CFR part 50, §§ 50.44, 50.46, and 10 CFR part 50, appendix K, for CCNPP2.Start Signature
This exemption is effective upon issuance.
Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 6th day of March 2001.For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
John A. Zwolinski,
Director, Division of Licensing Project Management, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation.
[FR Doc. 01-6304 Filed 3-13-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 7590-01-P